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ciass  973,744 

Number  Jq  £       C  .& 

Accession  3  /  X  7  O 

Mary  P.  Thompson   Library 

Loaned  by  Lucien  P.  Thompson. 

G  *v*-tyPzs     ^^ 

-  tftLi*^  75~ ■■-  3 

L^^  »      -V 

\/3L?r**u</       °^Usf  »        (*? 

&*e*rua*    ^/^^     »     //6~ 

7*  £ 

Oilman    Marston. 


OF    THK 

Second    Regiment, 

New  Hampshire  Volunteer  Infantry, 




Martin  A.  Haynes, 

Company  I. 

Lakeport,   New  Hampshire. 


No  Rights  Reserved. 


Thirty  years  age  and  more,  the  present  writer  published  a 
History  of  the  Second  Regiment — an  unpretending  little  volume 
which  has  received  much  greater  commendation  than  its  author  had 
even  a  suspicion  it  was  entitled  to.  Its  chief,  and  perhaps  only, 
excellence  lay  in  the  fact  that  it  was  a  "  free-hand  "  sketch  of  the 
regiment's  adventures  and  misadventures,  dashed  off  while  the 
events  narrated  were  still  as  but  the  doings  of  yesterday  in  mind 
and  memory.  That  little  volume  is  now  quoted  as  one  of  the 
scarcest  of  all  the  war  histories,  and  the  stray  copy  which  occasion- 
ally finds  its  way  into  the  market  commands  an  almost  fabulous 

The  present  work  is  in  no  sense  a  re-writing  or  revision  of  the 
former  volume.  The  writer  has  had  at  his  command  a  great  deal 
of  material  not  then  conveniently  available,  from  which  he  has 
attempted  to  construct  a  reasonably  complete  and  fairly  satisfactory 
history  of  the  regiment.  He  has  carefully  avoided  all  "  padding." 
The  aim  has  been,  not  to  see  how  large  a  book  he  could  make,  but 
rather  into  how  few  pages  he  could  condense  the  material  he  had, 
without  omitting  or  slighting  matters  necessary  to  a  proper  under- 
standing and  appreciation  of  the  regiment's  career.  He  has  also 
carefully  avoided  the  temptation  to  indulge  in  lurid  descriptions, 
and  has  told  the  story  he  had  to  tell  in  the  straightforward,  concise 
narrative  form  which  has  seemed  the  fittest  setting  for  the  Second's 
great  deeds. 

The  writer  fully  appreciates  that  his  most  exacting  critics  will 
be  the  grizzled  old  fellows  who  in  their  glorious  young  manhood 
wrought  the  deeds  of  which  this  book  is  a  record.  If  it  but  passes 
muster  with  them,  he  has  little  care  for  what  others  may  think  or 
say.  To  you,  living  or  dead,  comrades  of  the  Old  Second,  this 
volume  is  affectionately  inscribed  and  dedicated. 


In  the  making  of  this  book,  many  hands  have  had  a  part,  and 
many  acknowledgments  are  due. 

The  author  takes  great  pride  in  the  fact  that  the  typographical 
composition,  from  cover  to  cover,  is  entirely  his  own  handiwork. 
In  the  little  toy  printing  office  which  is  an  adjunct  of  his  library, 
he  has  spent  his  spare  time  in  putting  this  book  into  type ;  and 
when  it  is  stated  that  an  even  year,  almost  to  a  day,  covered  the 
beginning  and  the  end  of  the  work,  his  fellow  craftsmen,  at  least, 
will  understand  that  he  either  had  a  great  deal  of  spare  time,  or  was 
very  industrious — perhaps  both. 

On  the  completion  of  a  form,  it  was  securely  boxed  and  sent  to 
the  Republican  Press  Association,  at  Concord,  who  are  entitled  to 
all  the  credit  for  the  character  of  the  press  work.    Also  the  binding. 

The  line  engravings  were  all  produced  by  the  Union  Publishing 
Co.,  of  Manchester.  The  superintendent  of  their  art  department, 
our  old-time  artist  friend  Prof.  J.  Warren  Thyng,  kindly  undertook 
the  drawing  of  the  pictures,  and  to  him  the  readers  of  this  book  are 
mainly  indebted  for  the  beauty  of  these  illustrations. 

Of  the  half-tone  portraits,  over  fifty  were  engraved  by  Mr.  Fred 
L.  Nay,  of  Antrim.  Purely  from  his  own  interest  in  the  work,  and 
a  desire  to  have  the  men  from  his  own  section  well  represented,  he 
scoured  the  country  for  portraits  (often,  we  have  reason  to  believe, 
at  considerable  expense  to  himself),  thereby  finding  a  number  of 
rare  portraits  which  otherwise  would  not  have  been  secured. 

The  great  bulk  of  the  half-tone  engravings,  including  all  the  full- 
page,  were  made  by  the  Republican  Press  Association. 

The  interesting  and  appropriate  vignettes  at  the  commencement 
of  each  chapter  were  generously  contributed  by  our  old  friend,  Capt. 
John  McElroy,  manager  of  the  National  Tribune,  at  Washington. 



April,  /Sbr,  to  July  15,  i8bi.— EARLY  REQUISITIONS  FOR  TROOPS— SECOND 
SIDE'S  BRIGADE. --.._! 


July  lb  to  22,  iSbi—  THE  FIRST  BULL  RUN  CAMPAIGN— ADVANCE  INTO 


July  23,  iSbi,  to  April  10,  /ite— HOOKER'S  BRIGADE  ORGANIZED  AT  BLAD- 


April  11  to  May  4.  rS02— THE  SECOND  ARRIVES  AT  FORT  MONROE— A  SIGHT 
YORKTOWN— THE  PURSUIT  TOWARD  WILLIAMSBURG.       -        -        -        -    56 



MARSTON'S  REPORT.     -------- 65 


May  b  to  June  2b,  1862.— ADVANCE  UP  THE  PENINSULA— ACROSS  THE  CHICK- 
REPORT  OF  BATTLE  OF  OAK  GROVE.   -        .        -        -      '-        -        -        -        -    83 


June  2-  to  August  22,  i8b2  —  THE  "CHANGE  OF  BASE"— BATTLE  OF  PEACH 


August  23  to  September  3,  i8b2.— HOOKER'S  DIVISION  ARRIVES  AT  WARREN- 


September  4,   l8b2,  to   February   25,   /S6?.— ON    DUTY    IN    THE    DEFENCES    OF 




February  2b  to  July  /, /^.—SECOND  REGIMENT  ORDERED  TO  NEW  HAMP- 


July  2  to  July  4,  1863.— BATTLE  OF  GETTYSBURG  — NIGHT  MARCH  FROM 
—COL.  BAILEY'S  OFFICIAL  REPORT.      ..........  t66 


July  5  to  July  30,  /<?6?.— PURSUIT  OF  LEE— A  CAMP  RIOT— BATTLE  OF  WRAP- 
MD.        .................  zgo 


July  31,  /S63,  to  April  7,  zSbj—  POINT  LOOKOUT  — DEPOT  FOR  PRISONERS 
THE  JAMES.      ... Ig9 


Aprils  to  May  2S,  1864—  BUTLER'S  CAMPAIGN  ON  THE  JAMES— EXECUTION 




May  2Q  to  June  8,  /^.—EIGHTEENTH  CORPS  JOINS  ARMY  OF  THE  POTO- 


June  g,  1S04,  to  .March  2,  /8t>S-— "  THE  NEW  SECOND  "—REORGANIZATION  OF 


March  3  to  December  25,  1865.— THE^BRIGADF.  ASSIGNED  FOR  SECRET  SERV- 




DAME. 284 











COMPLETE  ROSTER  OF  THE  SECOND  REGIMENT.        ------      1 



Fort  Constitution,  -------  2 

The  Old  Ropewalk  Barracks,  Portsmouth,      -         -  5 

Hospital  of  the  Second  Regiment,  Portsmouth,  10 

Camp  Sullivan,  Washington,  D.  C,    -         -                   -  16 

Hospital  Steward's  Shanty,  Camp  Sullivan,        -  17 

Hospital  Steward's  Quarters,  Bladensburg,       -         -  43 

Quarters  of  Second  Regiment  Butcher,  Budd.'s  Ferry,  46 

Guard  House  of  Second  Regiment,  Budd's  Ferry,      -  52 

Howe's  Sawmill,  near  Yorktown,       -                   -  58 

The  Fatal  Bullet,    -------  77 

The  Surgeon  and  his  Assistants  (groups),  -  84,  85 

Gen.  Hooker's  Position  at  Fair  Oaks,        -         -  90 

A  Wounded  "  Coffee  Cooler,"  -         -  147 

In  Company  G  Street,  Budd's  Ferry  (group),     -  156 

Star  Spangled  Banner  Masonic  Lodge,  Point  Lookout,  208 

Field  Hospital  at  Point  of  Rocks,     -  240 

Marston's  Monument,        -  283 

Second  Regiment  Monument  at  Gettysburg,  304 

Second  Regiment  Headquarters  at  Weirs,  324 

The  Flags  of  the  Second,          -         -  ^^^ 

Map  of  Battlefield  of  Bull  Run,       -  27 

Williamsburg,        -----  69 

glendale,     ------  108 

The  Peach  Orchard,  Gettysburg,           -  177 


Page.  Page. 

Adams,  Enoch  G.,                     75       Adams,  Orren  S.,  51 

Adams,  John  W.,             244,  262       Adley,  Lorenzo  P.,  161 

Adams,  Nathaniel  W.,             219       Aldrich,  Lyman  M.,  203 




Bailey,  Edward  I.., 


Barker,  John  A., 


Barker,  Thomas  E., 


Barker,  Tileston  A., 

Baxter,  Albert  F., 


Bean,  Darius  K., 


Bean,  Edward  D., 


Blake,  James  W., 


Bowman,  Henry  A., 


Brackett,  Clarence  A., 


Bresnehan,  James, 


Brock,  Orrin, 


Brooks,  Daniel  S., 


Brown,  Wilber  F., 


Burbank,  Daniel  E., 


Burrell,  John  H., 


Carr,  James  W., 


Chandler,  John, 


Chase,  George  F., 


Chase,  John, 


Cilley,  George  W., 


Clifford,  William, 


Clifton,  Henry  F., 


Clements,  George  F., 


Coburn,  George  C, 


Coffin,  William  D., 


Colburn,  David  W., 


Cole,  John  H., 


Collister,  Charles  0., 


Converse,  Levi  N., 


Cook,  James  A., 


Cooper,  John  D., 


Dame,  Harriet  F., 

89,  299 

Damon,  George  H., 


Danforth,  Charles  H., 


Danforth,  Johnson  N., 


Dascomb,  Edmund, 

1  70 

Davis,  David  O., 
Davis,  George  ('.., 
Derby,  Isaac  W., 
Dewey,  Jesse  E., 
Dickey,  David  G., 
Dickey,  Lyman  A., 
Dillon,  Michael  A., 
Drown,  Leonard, 
1  hirgin,  Abner  F., 
Eaton,  John, 
Emerson,  George  C, 
Emerson,  John  A., 
Everett,  Henry  H., 
Farnsworth,  Albert  J. 
Farr,  Evarts  W., 
Felt,  James  W., 
Fisk,  John  B., 
Fiske,  Francis  S., 
Fletcher,  Frank  A., 
Forbush,  Abbott  A., 
Forristall,  Jonas, 
Foster,  Charles  E., 
Gerrish,  Hiram  F., 
Glazier,  Van  Buren, 
Godfrey,  John  S., 
Goodwin,  Aaron, 
Goodwin,  Ezra  C, 
Gordon,  George  W., 
Gould,  Daniel  W., 
Gould,  Gilman  T., 
Griffin,  Simon  G.,     j 
Hall,  Albert  L., 
Hannaford,  Abial  A., 
Hannaford,  Alonzo  M 
Hanson,  Albert  J., 
Hartshorn,  John  A. 
Hayes,  Charles  H., 





















facing  11 


























Haynes,  Alba  C, 
Haynes,  John, 
Haynes,  Martin  A., 
Haynes,  Wells  C, 
Hayward,  Allen  B., 
Hayvvard,  Henry, 
Hayward,  William  A., 
Henaghan,  Patrick  H., 
Holden,  Wyman  W., 
Holt,  Charles  F., 
Holt,  Harvey, 
House,  James  M., 
Howe,  Frank  E., 
Hubbard,  George  H., 
Hubbard,  Joseph  A., 
Hubbard,  Luther  P., 
Hunt,  Israel  T., 
Hurd,  Warren  H., 
Janvrin,  Joseph  E., 
Jaquith,  Dana  S., 
Jones,  Burleigh  K., 
Jones,  Henry  L., 
Kenney,  John, 
Kuse,  Nathan  E., 
Lamprey,  Horace  A., 
Lane,  Nathaniel  F., 
Lang,  Charles  A., 
Lang,  Thomas  M., 
Lawrence,  Centre  H., 
Leaver,  Thomas  B., 
Lees,  Thomas, 
Littlefield,  Joshua  F., 
Lowd,  Sedley  A., 
Lyle,  Alexander, 
Mace,  John  H., 
Marden,  Mary  A., 
Marshall,  Thomas  E., 




Marston,  Oilman,     Frontispiece 


Mclntire,  Charles  E., 


328,   329 

McManus,  Michael, 



Merrill,  Jonathan, 



Merrow,  James  M., 



Metcalf,  Henry  N., 



Miles,  George, 



Milton,  Charles  A., 



Minor,  Michael  C, 



Mitchell,  Edward  L, 



Montgomery,  William, 



Moore,  Henry, 



Moore,  John  C.  W., 



Moore,  John  J.,             1 

56,  216 


Morgan,  Frank  W., 



Morgan,  George  W., 


13,   84 

Morgrage,  William  0., 


I  IO 

Morrill,  William  H., 



Mussey,  John  B., 



Newell,  Daniel  W., 



Oliver,  Samuel  H., 



Parker,  Henry  E., 


85,  144 

Patch,  Charles  W., 



Patterson,  Joab  N.,  facing  257 


Pearl,  Ichabod, 



Peaslee,  Charles  E., 



Pendergast,  George  P., 



Perkins,  Albert  M., 



Perkins,  Francis  W., 



Philbrick,  William  K., 



Pickup,  George  W., 



Pingree,  George  E., 



Piper,  Thomas  W., 


73,  156 

Piper,  William  H., 



Plaisted,  Charles  E., 



Piatt,  James  H., 



Porter,  Solon  F., 





Pressler,  Christian, 


Putnam,  Charles  E., 


Rahn,  William  J., 


Ramsdell,  William  H., 


Read,  Joseph  B., 


Reagan,  John, 


Rice,  John  L., 


Richardson,  Hugh  R., 


Robbins,  Leonard  E., 


Robinson,  Frank  0., 


Rogers.  Sylvester, 


Rollins,  Hiram, 


Rugg,  Andrew  J., 


Saunders,  James  E., 

156,  260 

Sawtelle,  William  W., 


Sawyer,  Adoniram  J., 


Shedd,  Herman, 


Shute,  Charles  H., 


Sides,  George  E., 


Sides,  John  S., 


Sides,  William  0., 


Sleeper,  Levi  H., 


Smiley,  Charles  H., 


Smith,  Alvin  R., 


Smith.  Horace  0., 


Smith,  Moses  L.  F., 


Smith,  William  H.. 


Snow,  Thomas, 


Soesman,  Flavius  A., 


Spaulding,  Milan  D., 


Stark,  William  G., 
Starkey,  Elmer  J., 
Steele,  David, 
Stevens,  George, 
Stevens,  John  O., 
Stevens,  Josiah,  jr., 
Stone,  Albert  G., 
Stone,  John  P., 
Stone,  William  P., 
Sullivan,  John,  jr., 
Summers,  William, 
Taft,  Edward  N., 
Taft,  Josiah  O., 
Tash,  Edwin  S., 
Thompson,  Ai  B., 
Titus,  Herbert  B., 
Vickery,  Charles, 
Walker,  Richard  A., 
Warren,  Charles  H., 
Wasley,  Frank  C, 
Weston,  Ephraim, 
Whicher,  John  H., 
Whitfield,  Smith  A., 
Whitney,  George  G., 
Wilkins,  William  W., 
Wood,  William  W., 
Woodman,  Alfred, 
Woods,  John  L., 
Young,  Harrison  De. 


85,  247 







2  1,   84 




1 1 













APRIL,    I  86 1,  TO  JULY    I  5,    I  86  I. EARLY    REQUISITIONS    FOR    TROOPS 







'HE  Second  Regiment  New  Hampshire  Vol- 
unteer Infantry  was  oricrinallv  organized  as 
a  three  months  regiment,  and  many  of  its 
members  were  among  the  first  in  the  state  to 
enlist  in  April,  1861,  under  President  Lin- 
coln's requisition  upon  the  Governors  of  the 
states  for  seventy-five  thousand  militia  for 
three  months'  service.  The  quota  of  New 
Hampshire  under  this  call  was  one  regiment 
of  seven  hundred  and  eighty  officers  and  men. 
The  militia  organization  of  the  state  had,  in  long  years  of  peace, 
false  economy,  and  careless  security,  been  permitted  to  degenerate 
to  such  a  degree  that  the  Governor  ( to  use  his  own  words, )  could 
not,  by  a  military  order,  fulfill  the  constitutional  obligations  of 
the  state.  He  accordingly  called  for  voluntary  enlistments  to  fill 
the  state's  quota. 

But  if  New  Hampshire  had  no  organized  militia — as  fortunately 
had  some  of  her  sister  states — with  which  to  respond  immediately 
to  the  President's  call,  she  shared  fully  in  the  spirit  of  the  grand 
uprising  with  which  the  North  rallied  for  the  defence  of  the  Union. 


Volunteers  were  enrolled  with  such  rapidity  that  but  a  few  days 
after  the  issuance  of  enlistment  papers  more  than  the  required 
number  were  in  camp  at  Concord,  with  men  still  pouring  in,  singly, 
in  squads,  and  by  companies. 

The  first  requisition  had  been  followed  by  an  intimation  from 
the  War  Department  that  another  regiment  might  soon  be  required, 
and  it  was  accordingly  decided  by  the  state  authorities  to  raise  and 
equip  a  second  regiment  from  the  material  so  freely  offered.  The 
surplus  remaining  in  Concord  after   the  organization   of  the  First 

Fort  Constitution. 
Drawn  by  J.    Warren    Thyng,  from  Wartime  Sketch. 

Regiment  was  sent  to  Portsmouth  as  a  nucleus  for  the  Second. 
Brig. -Gen.  George  Stark,  of  Nashua,  was  ordered  to  Portsmouth  to 
take  charge  of  the  men  and  the  preliminary  organization,  and  estab- 
lished his  headquarters  there  April  30.  By  the  10th  of  May  there 
were  nine  hundred  and  seventy-nine  men  in  camp.  They  were 
quartered  in  an  old  ropewalk  near  the  "south  mill-pond,"  which, 
after  a  little  interior  rearrangement,  made  excellent  temporary  bar- 
racks. The  post  was  named  "Camp  Constitution."  Thomas  P. 
Pierce,  of  Manchester,  who  had  seen  service  in  Mexico  as  a  lieuten- 
ant in  the  New  England  regiment,  was  appointed  colonel,  Francis 
S.   Fiske,  of  Keene,  lieutenant-colonel,  and  Josiah  Stevens,  Jr.,  of 


Concord,   major,  and  entered  upon  their  duties   in  organizing  and 
drilling  the  regiment. 

Before  the  organization  of  the  regiment  was  completed,  Gov. 
Goodwin  was  informed  by  the  War  Department  that  only  one 
regiment  of  three  months 
troops  would  be  required 
from  New  Hampshire ;  but 
he  was  directed  to  enlist  and 
make  ready  for  service  one 
regiment  of  ten  hundred  and 
forty-six  officers  and  men  to 
serve  for  a  term  of  three 
years — that  being  the  quota 
of  New  Hampshire  under  the 
President's  call  of  May  \  for 
forty-two  thousand  "  volun- 
teers." A  general  order  was 
issued  May  19,  by  direction 
of  the  Governor,  in  which 
the  three  months  men  then 
assembled  at  Camp  Consti- 
tution were  given  the  first 
opportunity  to  enlist  under 
the  new  call.  Enlistment 
papers  were  distributed  on 
the  2 1  st,  and  four  hundred 
and  ninety-six  men  at  once 
re-enlisted  for  three  years. 
There  were  twelve  companies 
in   camp,  from  as   many   re- 

Capt.  Tileston  A.  Barker,  Co.  A, 

The  senior  Captain  of  the  Second.  Had  been 
prominent  in  public  affairs  for  a  quarter  of  a  centu- 
ry prior  to  the  war.  Though  54  years  of  age,  he 
recruited  a  company  for  the  Second  and  led  it  in 
all  its  battles  until  September,  1862,  when  he  re- 
signed to  accept  commission  as  Lieut. -Col.  14th  N. 
H.,  with  which  he  served  until  the  close  of  the  war. 
He  died  in  Keene  Dec.  7,  1879.  and  was  buried  with 
Masonic  honors  in  Westmoreland,  the  town  of  his 

cruiting  stations,  each  with 
a  provisional  organization,  which  were  accredited  with  re-enlistments 
as  follows — the  letters  in  brackets,  as  also  in  succeeding  table, 
indicating  the  companies  they  formed,  or  in  which  they  were 
incorporated  substantially  as  a  body,  in  the  regimental  organization. 
Those  not  thus  designated  were  broken  up  and  distributed  among 
the  other  companies  : 


From  Claremont  company,  53 

[f]  Lancaster  company,  44 

Conway  company,  20 

Milford  company,  21 

[a]  Keene,  two  companies,  90 
[f]  Laconia  company,  37 
[o]  Littleton  company,  34 
[k]  Portsmouth  company,  70 
[1]  Manchester,  two  companies,  71 
[e]               Concord  company,  56 

The  men  who  re-enlisted  were  given  short  furloughs  to  enable 
them  to  make  arrangements  for  such  absence  as  their  new  engage- 
ment involved.  The  remainder  were  sifted  by  the  surgeons,  some 
being  discharged  for  disability  :  while  of  the  sound  men,  thirty- 
eight  were  returned  to  the  military  camp  at  Concord,  and  two 
hundred  and  seventy-four  sent  to  Fort  Constitution,  which  had  been 
put  in  condition  for  the  defence  of  Portsmouth  harbor  against 
anticipated  inroads  by  rebel  privateers.  Orders  were  sent  to  differ- 
ent recruiting  stations  to  enlist  men  to  fill  up  the  regiment,  and 
between  May  26  and  30  the  following  reported  to  (yen.  Stark  : 

[d]  Dover  Volunteers,  Capt  Rollins,  99 

[e]  Exeter  Volunteers,  Capt.  Smith,  58 
Hampton  Volunteers,  Capt.  Dunbar,                       42 

[c]      Rifle  Rangers,  Manchester,  Capt.  Carr,  100 

[b]  Goodwin  Rifles,  Concord,  Capt.  Griffin,  90 
[h]     Contoocook  Volunteers,  Capt.  Patterson,  72 

Canaan  Volunteers,  Capt.  Smith,  14 

[<;]      Peterboro  Volunteers,  Capt.  ^Veston,  50 

There  were  now  in  camp  102  1  men.     But  the  Hampton  Volun- 
teers, or  Winnacunnet  Guards,  were  not  mustered  in  the  Second. 
Thev  were  assigned  to  Fort  Constitution  as  a  permanent  garrison, 

The  picture  of  the  Old  Ropewalk,  on  opposite  page,  gives  a  rear  view,  the  artist  probably 
selecting  the  most  picturesque  point.  The  tree  in  the  background,  on  a  hill,  was  in  the  field 
where  the  companies  drilled. 





"        ' 


*• « 


N.    , 





and  in  August  became  a  part  of  the  Third  New  Hampshire  Regt. 
When  the  First  Regiment  went  to  the  front,  May  25th,  there  were 
left  in  camp  at  Concord  two  companies  :  the  Granite  State  Guards, 
of  Great  Falls,  Capt.  Ichabod  Pearl,  and  the  company  recruited  by 
Capt.  Leonard  Drown.  These  were  soon  relieved  by  the  detach- 
ment of  three  months  men  from  Portsmouth,  and  joined  the  Second, 
their  commanders  being  commissioned  Captains  of  Companies  H 
and  E,  respectively. 

The  work  of  organizing,  officering,  and  making  the  regiment 
ready  for  the  field  was  actively  pushed.  Col.  Pierce  resigned  on 
the  4th  of  June,  and  Gilman  Marston,  of  Exeter,  then  a  member  of 
Congress  from  the  First  District,  was  commissioned  as  colonel  and 
at  once  assumed  command. 

On  the  31st  of  May  Major  Seth  Eastman,  U.  S.  A.,  began  the 
work  of  mustering  the  men,  commencing  with  Company  A,  and 
closing  with  Company  K  on  the  8th  of  June.  The  10th  of  June 
was  held  as  the  date  of  regimental  muster,  on  which  date,  according 

to  the  tabulations  of  Adjt.-Gen. 
Ayling,  1022  men  had  been  mus- 
tered. Subsequent  individual 
enlistments  filled  the  regiment  to 
its  maximum  number,  probably 
before  it  left  the  state,  but  all 
received  after  that  date  are  classi- 
fied as  "recruits." 

The  state  equipped  the  Second 
Regiment  (as  it  also  had  the 
First)  in  the  most  thorough  and 
comprehensive  manner  according 
to  the  military  standard  of  the 
day,  and  the  completeness  of  its 
outfit  attracted   the  admiring  at- 


Corpl.  Edwin  S.  Tash,  Co.  D, 

55.     Edwin   S. 

b,  1895 
of   thi 

Dover,  N.  H.,  March  it 
Tash,  a  prominent  grocer  ot   this   city,   com- 
mitted suicide  at  his  home  this  forenoon  by 
shooting  himself  in  the  head  with  a  38-caliber      teiltioil  of    old    army    officers.        E. 
revolver.       Death    was    instantaneous.       De- 
spondency  over   business    troubles    was  the      [)     Townseild,    late    Adjt.-Gen.   U. 
cause.     Deceased  was  58  years  of  age,  was 

prominent  in  local  politics,  and  a  Grand  Army       g_   ArillV,   has    the    following    tO   Say 
man.     He  leaves  a  widow  and  one  son.  J 

in  his   interesting  "  Anecdotes  of 
the    Civil    War:"     "Some  of  the   regiments   came   to   Washington 


admirably    equipped.       There    were,    especially,    two    from    New 
Hampshire.     They  had  complete  clothing,  arms  and  accoutrements, 
and   tents.       Their   wagons   were  arranged   like    store-rooms,    with 
boxes  for  their  various 
supplies.       They    h  a  d 
also    very    good  bands 
of  music." 

The  baggage  train 
comprised  sixteen  four- 
horse  wagons  of  the 
famous  Concord  make, 
and  the  horses  were 
selected  with  the  great- 
est care.  The  wagoner 
who  drew  the  rein  over 
such  a  rig  was,  in 
those  early  days,  quite 
as  much  of  a  fellow  as 
the  company  com- 
mander. It  is  needless, 
perhaps,  to  add  that 
this  part  of  the  outfit 
was  in  due  time  turned 
into  the  common  pool 
of  the  quartermaster's 
department,  and  the 
Second  put  as  to  trans- 
portation upon  a  level 
with  the  rest  of  the 

The  uniforms  were  gray,  the  jaunty  forage  caps  and  "spiketail" 
dress  coats  banded  with  red  cord.  A  company  at  a  time,  the  men 
were  marched  over  to  the  "old  custom  house,"  made  their  individual 
selections  from  the  grand  jumble  of  garments,  and  generally  went 
forth  with  misfits  of  a  more  or  less  exasperating  nature. 

Nine  companies  were  armed  with  smoothbore  muskets,  cal.  69, 
carrying  "buck  and  ball" — a  most  efficient  weapon  for  close  work. 

William  Humphrey  Ramsdell,  Co.  I. 

A  son  of  William  Ramsdell,  long  a  leading  citizen  of 
Milford.  Had  led  an  adventurous  life,  including  several 
years  as  a  gold  hunter  in  California.  Went  to  Portsmouth 
as  lieutenant  of  the  Milford  company,  on  three  months' 
enlistment,  and  on  the  breaking-up  of  the  company,  re- 
enlisted  as  a  private  in  Co.  I.  He  died  in  Milford  June  19, 
1879,  aged  49  years. 



The  "Goodwin  Rifles"  (Co.  B)  were  armed  with  Sharp's  rifles — 
breechloaders — which  had  been  provided  by  the  subscriptions  of 
citizens  of  Concord.     The  expense  was  subsequently  assumed  by 

the  state,  and  eventually  by  the 
United  States.  The  muskets 
were  exchanged,  soon  after  the 
first  Bull  Run  battle,  for  Spring- 
field rifled  muskets. 

The  selection  of  line  officers 
for  the  regiment  was  doubtless 
a  matter  of  perplexity  for  the 
Governor,  as  it  certainly  was  of 
disappointment  to  some  whose 
ambitions  were  not  gratified. 
Almost  every  detachment  of 
any  size  had  come  in  with  a 
nominal  company  organization 
of  its  own  so  far  as  commis- 
sioned officers  were  concerned. 
These  could  not  all  be  retained. 
Joseph  E.  Janvrin,  Co.  K.  Some  received  their  discharges, 

Served  nearly  seventeen  months  on  the  hospital  while  Others    dropped    down    a 

staff  of  the  Second.      Oct.  28,  1862,  he  was  com-                 ,  ,  ^     .    , 

missioned  Assistant  Surgeon  of  the  Fifteenth  N.  notch  Or     tWO     111     the     Official 

H.     Dr.  Janvrin  now  resides  in  New  York  city.                ,  ,-,  -, 

Some  accepted  warrants 


as  non-commissioned  officers  or  stepped  into  the  ranks  as  privates ; 
the  high  average  social  scale  and  character  of  the  men  then  com- 
posing the  rank  and  file  rendering  the  latter  alternative  by  no 
means  an  entirely  distasteful  one.  The  roster  of  commissioned 
officers  was  finally  completed  as  follows  : 

Colonel — Gilman  Marston,  of  Exeter. 
Lieutenant-  Colonel — Francis  S.  Fiske,  of  Keene. 
Major — Josiah  Stevens,  Jr.,  of  Concord. 
Quartermaster — John  S.  Godfrey,  of  Hampton  Falls. 
Surgeon — George  H.  Hubbard,  of  Manchester. 
Assistant-Surgeon — James  M.  Merrow  of  Rollinsford. 
Chaplain — Henry  E.  Parker,  of  Concord. 


Company  A. — Captain,  Tileston  A.  Barker,  of  Keene. 

First  Lieut.,  Henry  X.  Metcalf,  of  Keene. 

Second  Lieut.,  Herbert  B.  Titus,  of  Chesterfield. 
Company  B. — Captain,  Simon  G.  Griffin,  of  Concord. 

First  Lieut.,  Charles  W.  Walker,  of  Concord. 

Second  Lieut.,  Abiel  W.  Colby,  of  Concord. 
Company  C. — Captain,  James  W.  Carr,  of  Manchester. 

First  Lieut.,  James  H.  Piatt,  of  Manchester. 

Second  Lieut.,  Samuel  O.  Burnham,  of  Pembroke. 
Company  D. — Captain,  Hiram  Rollins,  of  Dover. 

First  Lieut.,  Samuel  P.  Sayles,  of  Dover. 

Second  Lieut.,  Warren  H.  Parmenter,  of  Dover. 
Company  E. — Captain,  Leonard  Drown,  of  Fisherville. 

First  Lieut.,  William  H.  Smith,  of  Exeter. 

Second  Lieut.,  Ai  B.  Thompson,  of  Concord. 
Company  F. — Captain,  Thomas  Snow,  of  Somers worth. 

First  Lieut.,  Joshua  F.  Littlefield,  of  Somersworth. 

Second  Lieut.,  Harrison  D.  F.  Young,  of  Lancaster. 
Company  G. — Captain,  Ephraim  Weston,  of  Hancock. 

First  Lieut.,  Evarts  W.  Farr,  of  Littleton. 

Second  Lieut.,  Sylvester  Rogers,  of  Nashua. 
Company  H. — Captain,  Ichabod  Pearl,  of  Great  Falls. 

First  Lieut.,  Joab  X.  Patterson,  of  Hopkinton. 

Second  Lieut.,  William  H.  Prescott,  of  Somersworth. 
Company  I. — Captain,  Edward  L.  Bailey,  of  Manchester. 

First  Lieut.,  (Adjt. )  Sam'l  G.  Langley,  of  Manchester. 

Second  Lieut.,  Joseph  A.  Hubbard,  of  Manchester. 
Company  K. — Captain,  William  O.  Sides,  of  Portsmouth. 

First  Lieut.,  Edwin  R.  Goodrich,  of  Portsmouth. 

Second  Lieut.,  John  S.  Sides,  of  Portsmouth. 

As  time  passed  there  was  a  growing  impatience  to  be  sent  to 
the  front.  Many  of  the  men  had  enlisted  in  the  middle  of  April, 
on  an  emergency  call,  but  were  still  in  the  state.  To  be  sure,  time 
passed  very  pleasantly  at  Camp  Constitution,  with  an  occasional 
extra  excitement  like  the  ridiculous  hogshead  regatta  on  the  mill- 
pond,  or  the  rebellion  of  the  "Abbott  Guard"  (Co.  I)  against  the 
character  of  its  rations,  which  resulted  in  the  company  being  put 



under  guard  in  its  quarters,  but  effected  the  desired  change  in  the 
interest  of  the  whole  regiment. 

Occasionally,  on  Sunday,  an  entire  company  would  march  over 
to  the  city  to  attend  divine  service.  June  2d  the  regiment  formed 
on  the  parade  ground  and  listened  to  the  chaplain's  first  camp 
sermon.      He  selected  as  a  text,  Psalms,  146  :  5  :   "Happy  is  he  that 

Hospital  of  the  Second  Regiment,  Portsmouth, 
Drawn  by  J.    Warren    Thyng,  from  Sketch  by  Israel  T.  Hunt. 

hath  the  God  of  Jacob  for  his  help,  whose  hope  is  in  the  Lord  his 
God."  The  spirit  of  the  discourse  was  that  all  men  sought  after 
happiness,  that  the  South  had  taken  the  wrong  path  to  secure  it, 
and  it  was  the  mission  of  the  loyal  North  to  set  her  right.  Nor  did 
the  spiritual  head  of  the  regiment  fail  of  the  admonition  to  "  put 
your  trust  in  God  and  keep  your  powder  dry." 

On  Saturday,  June  1st,  the  portion  of  the  regiment  then  uni- 
formed marched  over  to  the  railroad  station  to  greet  a  Maine 
regiment  on  its  way  to  Washington.     The  sight  of  the  Maine  boys 



actually  headed  for  the  front  rather  increased  the  fear  that  the 
rebellion  would  be  put  down  before  the  Second  New  Hampshire 
could  put  in  a  blow. 

But  on  the  morning  of  June  20,  the  regiment  left  Portsmouth  on 
its  way  to  Washington.  It  was  accompanied  by  the  then  famous 
Manchester  Band,  under  the  leadership  of  Walter  Dignam.  Their 
services  were  paid  for  by  subscription,  and  they  remained  with  the 
regiment  about  a  fortnight  after  its  arrival  in  Washington. 

The  regiment  arrived 
in  Boston  at  1 2  o'clock. 
A  tremendous  ovation 
awaited  it.  At  the  Eastern 
Railroad  station,  fourteen 
hundred  "Sons  of  New 
Hampshire"  received  it, 
under  escort  of  the  Boston 
Cadets,  and  with  Gillmore's 
Band,  all  under  the  mar-. 
shalship  of  Colonel  O.  A. 
Brewster.  The  procession 
marched  through  Black- 
stone,  Commercial,  State, 
Court,  Tremont  and  Winter 
streets,  to  Music  Hall, 
where  a  sumptuous  colla- 
tion was  spread.  Along 
the  route  the  streets  were 
crowded  with  spectators, 
who  cheered  the  troops  at 
every  step.  Haymarket 
Square  was  a  literal  sea  of 

Music  Hall  was  appro- 
priately decorated.      The  galleries  were  occupied  by  the   Sons  of 
New  Hampshire,  and  the  floor  by  the  troops,  and  every  seat  in  the 
hall    was    filled.     Vociferous    cheers    were    given    as    the    different 
parties  arrived  in  the  hall:  for  Gov.   Kerry  and  suite,  for  ex-Gov. 

Lieut,  Ai  B.  Thompson,  Co,  E. 

In  August,  1861,  was  promoted  to  Captain  18th  U. 
S.  Infantry,  and  distinguished  himself  at  Perrysville 
and  Murfreesboro.  Brevetted  Major  for  gallantry, 
and  was  retired  for  disability  from  wounds.  Depart- 
ment Commander  of  the  G.  A.  R.  in  1888.  Elected 
Secretary  of  State  for  New  Hampshire  in  1877,  which 
position  he  held  until  his  death,  which  occurred  at 
Concord  Sept.  12.  1890. 


Goodwin,  Gov.  Andrew  of  Massachusetts,  the  Cadets,  and  the 
Second.  The  marshal  called  the  company  to  order,  and  after  the 
invocation  of  a  blessing  by  Rev.  Dr.  Quint,  then  of  Jamaica  Plains, 
the  eating  commenced,  at  the  conclusion  of  which  Hon.  Marshall 
P.  Wilder,  a  native  of  Rindge,  was  introduced  as  the  representative 
of  the  Sons  of  New  Hampshire.  He  bade  the  regiment  a  hearty 
welcome.  He  reminded  them  of  the  revolutionary  renown  of  their 
state,  and  of  the  patriotic  governor,  John  Langdon,  who  pledged 
his  last  cent  for  the  cause  of  his  country.  He  said  that  war  was  a 
terrible  crime ;  but  that  an  attack  upon  the  integrity  of  the  Union 
more  than  justified  it.  The  stars  and  stripes  must  be  respected 
south  as  well  as  north  of  Mason  and  Dixon's  line.  He  closed  by 
eloquently  reminding  Col.  Marston  of  the  importance  of  his  trust. 

Col.  Marston  responded,  and  said  in  substance  that  he  could 
not  find  words  to  express  his  emotions  of  gratitude  at  the  cordiality 
of  the  reception  tendered  his  regiment.  The  scenes  of  this  day 
will  nerve  our  hearts  to  do  all  that  man  can  do  for  the  honor  of 
New  Hampshire,  God  bless  her  !  We  have  not  left  our  happy  and 
peaceful  homes  for  a  war  of  oppression  or  conquest  of  anybody. 
We  have  taken  up  arms  to  preserve  the  freest  and  best  government 
against  the  most  causeless  rebellion  ever  conceived.  And  we  will 
do  it  !  When  this  war  commenced,  some  doubt  was  expressed 
whether  the  people  of  the  free  states,  having  always  been  engaged 
in  the  pursuits  of  peace,  would  be  able  to  defend  the  Union  ;  but 
the  uprising  of  the  whole  North  had  settled  that  point.  Massachu- 
setts had  been  the  first  in  the  contest,  as  she  was  in  the  revolution. 
Many  a  tearful  eye  witnessed  the  march  of  the  gallant  Sixth  of  this 
state,  in  Washington,  through  Pennsylvania  Avenue,  hungry  and 
fatigued,  after  the  scenes  in  Baltimore,  but  as  gallant  and  unsubdued 
a  set  of  men  as  ever  upheld  the  honor  of  any  country.  The  Second 
New  Hampshire  is  composed,  not  of  military  men,  but  civilians  ;  yet 
if  they  are  given  work  to  do,  I  will  answer  for  them  in  the  language 
of  Colonel  Miller,  "We'll  try,  sir!"  Col.  Marston  was  frequently 
interrupted  during  his  remarks  by  the  most  enthusiastic  cheers. 

The  regiment  left  Music  Hall  about  half-past  two,  and  marched 
to  the  parade-ground  upon  the  Common,  where  they  were  reviewed 
by  Gov.  Andrew  and  staff,  Gov.  Berry,  and  ex-Gov.  Goodwin.    The 



review  concluded,  the  regiment 
marched  to  the  railroad  station 
and  embarked  on  a  train  drawn 
by  two  locomotives  and  consisting 
of  twenty-two  passenger  and  two 
baggage  cars.  At  Fall  River  they 
were  transferred  to  the  steamboat 
"Bay  State,"  and  arrived  in  New 
York  about  ten  o'clock  on  the 
morning  of  the  21st.  They  were 
warmly  welcomed  by  the  Sons  of 
New  Hampshire  in  New  York, 
each  of  whom  wore  an  appropriate 
badge.  H.  B.  Perkins  delivered 
an  eloquent  welcoming  speech, 
concluding  as  follows  : 

"Soldiers  of  New  Hampshire  ! 
We,  who  were  born  and  nurtured 
amid  the  same  granite  hills  to 
which  you  have  just  bidden  adieu 
— we,  whose  kindred  and  friends 
are  pillowed  on  her  rocky  bosom — we  are  proud  of  you  today,  and 
feel  that  the  spirit  of  Stark  and  Langdon  still  lives  and  animates 
your  bosoms.  Onward  !  onward  !  then,  shall  be  our  motto,  as  we 
know  it  is  yours;  onward,  until  the  demon  of  treason  and  disunion 
is  crushed  from  our  land  (cheers),  and  Yankee  Doodle  and  The 
Star  Spangled  Banner  shall  again  thrill  the  hearts  of  a  patriotic,  a 
united,  an  invincible  people."      (Cheers.) 

Charles  Soule  followed  Mr.  Perkins  in  a  brief  but  eloquent 
speech,  and  presented  an  elegant  silk  flag — the  same  under  which 
the  regiment  fought  many  of  its  hardest  battles.  The  following  is  a 
New  York  newspaper's  report  of  Col.  Marston's  reply  : 

"The  colonel,  Gilman  Marston,  listened  to  the  addresses  on 
horseback  and  with  uncovered  head.  His  horse  had  stood  mean- 
time with  little  or  no  manifestation  of  uneasiness,  but  when  his 
rider's  voice  was  raised  in  response,  the  animal  curvetted  about 
considerably;    the  colonel,   nevertheless,  spoke  easily,  and  with   as 

Israel  Thorndike  Hunt,  Co.  D. 

Served  three  months  in  the  Hospital  De- 
partment of  the  Second,  when  he  was  promoted 
Hospital  Steward  of  the  Fourth  X.  H.  To 
his  facile  pencil  we  are  indebted  for  several 
fine  drawings  of  early  camp  views  which  but 
for  him  would  not  have  been  preserved.  Dr. 
Hunt  now  resides  in  Boston. 


much  dignity  as  his  peculiar  position  at  the  time  permitted,  pausing 
for  a  moment  and  reining  up  his  horse  in  front  of  the  committee- 
men, as  often  as  the  impatient  steed  carried  him  beyond  the  formal 
position  he  had  at  first  taken.  During  the  delivery  of  his  reply,  he 
said  that  in  behalf  of  the  regiment  and  himself,  he  presented  their 
united  and  grateful  thanks  for  the  kind  welcome  they  had  been 
given,  and  the  gift  of  so  beautiful  a  flag.  The  stars  and  stripes  had 
always  been  a  type  of  our  Union,  to  uphold  which  they  had  left  the 
comforts  of  home  to  undergo  the  deprivations  and  trials  of  war; 
but  he  hoped  that,  by  the  blessing  of  God,  the  Union  would  be 
maintained  for  transmission  to  other  generations.  He  accepted  the 
flag  for  the  regiment,  and  pledged  for  them  their  devotion  to  it,  and 
their  determination  to  uphold  it  with  all  their  strength." 

The  flag  was  then  carried  to  the  line,  the  Sons  of  New  Hamp- 
shire formed  into  sections  at  the  head  of  the  regiment,  whose  band 

struck  up  a  national  air,  when 
the  regimental  line  broke  into 
platoons,  and  the  column  moved 
up  Broadway  amid  the  applause 
and  cheers  of  thousands  of  spec- 
tators. The  officers  dined  with 
the  committee  of  arrangements 
at  the  Everett  House,  and  the 
men  were  entertained  at  the 
Elm  street  armory. 

At  half-past  four  p.  m.  the 
regiment  departed  for  Washing- 
ton, being  transferred  on  the 
ferry-boat  •"  Kill  von  Kull"  to 
Elizabethport,  N.  J.,  where  it 
took  cars  by  the   Reading  line. 

,„  ..  „    r  These    were    box-cars,    roughly 

George  W.  Morgan,  Co.  F.  J 

fitted    with     seats    of    un planed 

Resides  at  Lancaster. 

boards — the  first  reminder  to 
the  men  that  they  need  no  longer  expect  all  their  journeys  to  be 
garnished  with  cushioned  seats.  And  when  the  barrels  of  cooked 
rations  were  opened,  and  beef  was  distributed  which  certainly  had 



not  improved  with  age,  some  of  the  men  were  ready  to  believe  that 
modern  civilization  was  indeed  a  failure. 

During  the  night,  while  passing  through  New  Jersey,  a  lamenta- 
ble   accident    occurred,  

Lieut.  Charles  W.  Walker, 
of  Co.  B,  falling  from  the 
platform  of  a  car  and  re- 
ceiving fatal  injuries.  His 
remains  were  sent  back  to 
Concord,  where  his  funeral 
was  attended  by  members 
of  the  legislature  and  a 
large  concourse  of  citizens. 

The  regiment  reached 
Harrisburg  June  22,  and  at 
midnight  arrived  at  Golds- 
borough,  Pa.,  where  the 
men  were  marched  from 
the  cars,  and  the  order 
given  to  load  muskets.  A 
rest  of  an  hour  was  here 
had,  and   at    eight    o'clock 

Quartermaster  James  A,  Cook. 

on  the  morning  of  the  23d 
the  regiment  was  in   Balti- 

Was  the  original  Commissary-Sergeant  of  the 
Second.  June  9,  1862,  promoted  Quartermaster. 
July  2,  1863,  pro.  Captain  and  Com.  Sub.  He  re- 
tired from  the  service  badly  broken  in  health,  and 
returning  to  his  home  in  Claremont,  died  there  May 
13,  1866. 


It  was  really  a  disap- 
pointment to  the  men  that  they  got  through  Baltimore  without  a 
riot.  But  the  city  was  then  well  under  control,  and  the  Union 
sentiment  beginning  to  assert  itself.  Still,  all  preparations  were 
made  to  force  a  passage  if  circumstances  should  require.  With 
loaded  muskets,  and  accompanied  by  the  Seventeenth  New  York 
and  a  Pennsylvania  regiment,  the  march  was  taken  up — the  Seven- 
teenth in  the  middle  of  the  street  in  column  of  platoons,  the  other 
two  regiments  marching  by  the  flank  upon  the  sidewalks  on  either 
side.  The  line  of  march  was  kept  clear  by  cordons  of  policemen 
across  the  head  of  each  intersecting  street,  behind  whom  pressed  a 
solid  mass  of  humanity,  manifestly  not  of  a  very  friendly  character. 

***'.*  ■■ 


-  • 

\     St 





■  # 

>    , 

- ."" 



About  noon  the  regiment  arrived  in  Washington,  and  in  the 
evening  marched  to  its  designated  camping  ground,  on  Seventh 
street,  about  a  mile  and  a  half  from  the  capitol.  It  was  not  a 
comfortable  location,  being  on  the  southern  exposure  of  the  long 
ridge  known  as  Kalorama  Heights,  with  but  little  shade  in  the 
camp  limits.     The  camp  was  named  '.'Camp  Sullivan,"  in  honor  of 

>;^;  ^:M&ti^.  '~^&&x.**.«- 

,1  '•  vi . \Vwfj*ir J^fk 

Hospital  Steward's  Shanty;  Camp  Sullivan, 

Drawn  by  J.  Warren    Thyng.  from  Sketch  by  Israel  T.  Hunt. 

New  Hampshire's  great  revolutionary  general.  Drill  and  discipline 
became  the  order  of  the  day,  and  the  regiment  rapidly  improved  in 

It  is  amusing,  now,  to  recall  the  wild  camp  rumors  and  reports 
which  were  flying  in  the  Second,  as  in  all  the  green  regiments.  A 
mansion  house,  seen  in  picture  above,  was  currently  reported  to  be 
a  rebel  signal  station,  from  the  gable  window  of  which  lights  were 
occasionally  displayed  at  unseasonable  hours  of  the  night.     It  was 

In  the  view  of  Camp  Sullivan,  on  the  opposite  page,  the  three  wall  tents  and  two  A  tents  on 
the  knoll  in  the  background,  under  the  oak  trees,  are  the  quarters  of  the  staff.  The  tents  just 
below,  with  the  small  square  flags,  are  the  hospital.  The  tent  at  the  left,  with  flag,  is  the 
sutler's.  In  the  background,  at  the  right,  the  gable  and  roof  of  a  small  house  show  above  the 
tents.  This  is  outside  the  camp,  and  has  no  connection  with  it.  In  foreground  is  a  rude  shelter 
made  from  an  old  tent-fly.  On  two  of  the  tents  are  visible  evidence  that  some  of  the  boys  have 
done  their  washing  and  hung  their  shirts  out  to  dry. 


also  generally  believed  that  spies  fairly  swarmed  about  the  camp, 
and  that  danger  lurked  behind  every  bush  for  the  camp-guard 
marching  his  beat  at  night. 

This  ridiculous  fear  was  the  direct  cause  of  a  tragedy,  one  night, 
when  Jonathan  Calef,  a  corporal  of  Company  A,  who  had  been 
permitted  by  one  sentry  to  pass  a  rod  or  two  outside  the  camp  line, 
was  shot  through  the  neck  by  the  guard  on  the  next  beat,  from 
which  he  died  August  14. 

A  casualty  of  a  less  serious  character  was  met  by  private  Joseph 
B.  Conner,  of  Company  I.  A  stack  of  loaded  muskets  fell  to  the 
ground,  and  one  piece  was  discharged,  the  ball  passing  through  one 
of  Conner's  arms,  inflicting  a  wound  which  necessitated  his  dis- 
charge for  disability. 

The  regiment  was  brigaded  with  the  First  and  Second  Rhode 
Island  and  Seventy-first  New  York  regiments,  all  under  command 
of  Col.  Ambrose  E.  Burnside,  of  the  First  Rhode  Island.  Attached 
to  the  brigade  was  Reynolds'  Rhode  Island  Battery — six  13-pounder 
rifles — and  the  Seventv-first  had  two  small  boat  howitzers — brass. 

CHAP  T  E  R     II 










T  two  o'clock  on  the  afternoon  of  July  16,  the 
regiment  marched  from  its  camp  on  that  short 
campaign  which  ended  so  suddenly  and  disas- 
trously at  Bull  Run.  It  had  rarely  shown  as 
full  ranks  as  on  that  occasion.  Men  who  had 
been  under  the  surgeon's  care  for  weeks 
buckled  on  their  armor  and  obstinately  refused 
to  be  left  behind  while  the  death  blow  was 
given  the  rebellion. 

One  of  the  most  striking  examples  of  the 
triumph  of  determination  over  bodily  infirmities 
was  exhibited  by  Captain  Ephraim  Weston,  of  Company  G.  He 
was  suffering  at  the  time  from  the  disease  which  ended  his  life  only 
a  few  months  later  ;  but  he  started  with  his  company,  and  made  the 
campaign  which  was  his  first  and  his  last.  Many  a  lift  he  got  from 
the  mounted  officers  on  the  march  out,  and  at  night  his  devoted 
men  saw  to  it  that  he  had  the  best  bed  and  shelter  the  materials  at 
hand  afforded.  He  conducted  himself  with  conspicuous  valor  on 
the  battlefield,  and  in  some  way  got  safely  back  to  camp. 

The  tents  were  left  standing  at  Camp  Sullivan,  with  most  of  the 
knapsacks  and  personal  baggage,  in  care  of  the  invalids.  The  regi- 
ment marched  with  its  brigade  across  Long  Bridge,  where  it  was 
cheered  by  the  venerable  James  "Wilson  of  Keene  and  other  New 
Hampshire  men  who  had  assembled  there,  and  as  it  stepped  upon 



the  soil  of  " 
and    main 

Old  Virginny"  the  band  struck  up  "  Dixie"  with  might 
while    the    soldiers   made    the    air    resound  with   their 



marching  songs  and  cheers.  But  the  heat  and  suffocating  dust 
soon  began  to  tell  upon  the  men,  not  yet  hardened  for  such  a  march, 
and  many  were  obliged  to  fall  out  of  the  ranks  and  seek  shade  and 

The  bivouac  that  night  was  at  Bailey's  Cross  Roads,  and  the 
march  was  resumed  early  the  next  morning.  Evidences  of  the 
recent  presence    of  the   enemy   were  met,    the  road  having  been 

obstructed  at  places  b  y 
felled  trees,  and  the  pio- 
neers of  the  Second — a 
select  squad  of  twenty  men 
under  charge  of  a  sergeant 
— found  plenty  of  exercise 
in  clearing  the  way  for  the 
column.  About  1 1  o'clock 
word  was  passed  down  the 
line  that  rebel  earthworks 
were  ahead.  Orders  were 
at  once  given  to  load. 
Then  the  ranks  were  closed 
up,  the  regiment  broke  into 
column  of  sections,  and  in 
this  formation  marched 
rapidly  forward.  The  long 
line  of  works  were  soon  in 
sight.  They  were  of  quite 
formidable  character,  with 
a  number  of  embrasures  for 
artillery,  revetted  with  sand- 
bags, each  bag  bearing  the 
initials  of  its  late  owner—"  C.  S.  A."  But  the  rebels  had  departed, 
evidently  in  haste,  as  considerable  property  was  picked  up  in  the 
brush  camps  to  the  rear  of  the  works,  which  would  not  have  been 
overlooked  in  a  leisurely  evacuation. 

A  mile  beyond  was  the  little  village  of  Fairfax  Court  House,. 

Capt,  Ephraim  Weston,  Co.  G. 

Was  from  Hancock,  and  the  original  Captain 
of  Co.  G.  Died  of  disease  Dec.  9,  1861.  The 
Grand  Army  Post  at  Antrim  is  named  for  him,  and 
furnishes  the  above  portrait. 



which  the  brigade  entered  in  bloodless  triumph,  but  with  a  clearly 
defined  impression  that  a  serious  blow  had  been  dealt  the  rebellion. 
Arms  were  stacked  in  the 
streets  and  upon  the  village 
green,  and  a  rebel  flag 
which  had  been  left  floating 
from  the  cupola  of  the  court 
house  was  gathered  in  by 
one  of  the  Second  Rhode 
Island,  the  regimental  flag 
of  the  Second  New  Hamp- 
shire taking  its  place.  The 
soldiers  scattered  through 
the  village  and  the  aban- 
doned camps,  and  of  some 
of  the  looting  done,  the 
least  said,  the  better.  The 
richest  find  was  a  rebel  mail 
bag  which  missed  connec- 
tions, and  the  contents  of 
which  were  as  good  as  a 
circulating  library. 

Early  Thursday  morning, 
the  1 8th,  the  march  was 
resumed.  The  troops  in 
advance  seemed  to  be  feel- 
ing their  way  slowly  and 
cautiously,  as  there  were  frequent  and  sometimes  long  halts.  One 
of  these  was  near  Germantown,  once  a  thriving  hamlet  of  three  or 
four  houses  and  a  blacksmith  shop.  These  had  all  been  burned  but 
one  house,  in  which  the  rebels  had  left  two  of  their  men  sick  with 
the  measles.  Manv  of  the  men  ran  over  to  set  a  view  of  this  brace 
of  real  live  rebels.  It  was  agreed  that  if  they  were  a  fair  sample  of 
the  Confederate  soldiers  the  war  would  not  last  long.  They  were 
not  a  fair  sample.  The  woods  in  the  vicinity  were  swarming  with 
swine,  and  the  men  added  a  good  supply  of  fresh  pork  to  their 
rations.     It  was  on  the  afternoon  of  this  day  that  the  first  serious 

John  Sullivan,  Jr.,  Co.  E. 

A  great-grandson  and  namesake  of  New  Hamp- 
shire's revolutionary  general.  Sept.  30,  1861,  he  was 
appointed  Medical  Cadet.  U.  S.  A.,  serving  over  a 
year  with  the  western  armies.  Was  then  commis- 
sioned Assistant  Surgeon  of  the  Thirteenth  N.  H., 
with  which  he  remained  two  years,  more  than  half  of 
the  time  as  Acting  Surgeon.  Resigning  his  commis- 
sion, he  was  appointed  Executive  Officer  of  the  I  .  S. 
General  Hospital  at  Troy.  N.  V.,  then  in  charge  of 
Surgeon  Hubbard,  formerly  of  the  Second.  Dr.  Sul- 
livan now  resides  in  Boston. 



encounter  was  had  with  the  rebels,  at  Blackburn's  Ford,  and  men  a 
little  out  of  the  noise  and  confusion  of  the  marching  column  could 
distinctly  hear  the  sound  of  the  firing. 

Burnside's  brigade  went  into  camp  before  reaching  Centreville 
— about  a  mile  from  the  village — and  there  remained  until  the 
morning  of  the  21st.  In  this  bivouac  (writes  Lieut. -Col.  Fiske) 
"  two  of  New  Hampshire's  most  distinguished  men  paid  us  a  visit, 
and  of  course  we  gave  them  our  best  parlor  bedroom,  which  was  the 
inside  of  a  baggage  wagon  on  the  left  of  the  regiment.  In  the 
middle  of  the  second  night  here  there  was  an  alarm  on  the  extreme 
left  of  the  brigade,  followed  by  rapid  and  continuous  firing,  which 
raised  some  commotion.  Soon  after  the  firing  began  I  saw,  through 
the  light  of  the  campfires,  our  two  guests  coming  at  a  pace  which 
showed  they  were  not  out  for  a  mere  stroll  about  the  camp.     They 

did  not  return  to  their  luxurious 
bedroom,  but  spent  the  remain- 
der of  the  night  out  of  doors 
within  our  lines.  At  the  begin- 
ning of  the  disturbance  the 
Second  New  Hampshire  was 
ordered  to  remain  quiet  and  not 
to  stir  without  orders.  For  this 
we  scored  our  first  compliment 
from  the  general,  who  com- 
mended our  coolness  in  a  night 
alarm.  I  never  learned  the 
cause  of  the  alarm,  but  it  was 
supposed  to  be  a  rather  close 
reconnoissance  by  the  enemy." 
At  one  o'clock  on  Sunday 
morning — that  ill-fated  21st  of 
July — the  brigade  was  roused 
from  its  slumbers.  Blankets 
were  hastily  rolled,  and  at  two 
o'clock  the  troops  were  on  the 
march.  In  and  beyond  Centre- 
ville many  regiments  were  passed  drawn  up  by  the  roadside,  but 

George  S.  Chase,  Co.  F. 

Wounded    at    Hull    Run,   July  21 
discharged    for    disability.     Was    a 
occupation,  and  engaged  in  business   at   Laco 
nia,  where  he  died  July   10,  1894. 

printer   by 



near  the  village  the  brigade  was  brought  to  a  wearisome  halt  of  two 
or  three  hours,  by  the  tardy  movement  of  the  troops  in  front. 

From  Centreville  the  Warrenton  road  runs  almost  due  west, 
crossing  Bull  Run  creek  at  the  stone  bridge,  about  five  miles  from 
Centreville.  A  rebel  force  was  known  to  be  at  the  bridge — the  left 
of     Beauregard's     defensive 

v-m-- x  "■—■ 

line — his  army  being  posted 

along  the  west   side  of  Bull 

Run   to    defend    its    various 

crossings.     Three  and  a  half 

miles     beyond     Centreville, 

Cub    Run,     a     considerable 

affluent    of     Bull    Run,    was 

crossed,  and  just  beyond  the 

bridge,     Hunter's      division, 

followed  by  a  part  of  Heint- 

zelman's,  turned  sharp  to  the 

right  into  a  narrow  country 

road      or     cart-path,     while 

Tyler's     division     continued 

along  the  Warrenton  road  to 

the  stone  bridge.     Tyler  was 

to  make  a  demonstration  at 

the    bridge,  while  the   other 

column,    by  a   wide   detour, 

should  cross  Bull  Run  farther 

up,  at    Sudley's    Ford,    and 

come  down  upon  the  enemy's 

left  and  rear.     Burnside's  brigade  led  the  flanking  column.     From 

the  start,  progress  had  been  slow — too  slow  for  the  early  surprise 

which  was  an  important  consideration  in  McDowell's  well  laid  plan. 

The   sun   was    well   up  when   Burnside's   brigade   turned   from  the 

Warrenton  road.      Its  route  for  five  miles,    to  Sudley's   Ford,   was 

now  over  a  rarely  used  woods  road,  with  only  an  occasional  small 

clearing.     In  one  of  these  was  a  log  hovel,  the  mistress  of  which — 

a  very  dirty  and  frowzy  personage — told  the  sweltering    Yankees 

there  were  Confederates  enough  ahead  to  whip  them  all  out,  and 

Corpl,  Thomas  E.  Barker,  Co.  B, 

Wounded  at  Bid!  Run  July  21,  1S61.  and  taken 
prisoner.  Exchanged,  and  discharged  on  account 
of  wounds.  Subsequently  commissioned  Captain 
in  the  Twelfth  N.  H.,  and  promoted  Lieut. -Col. 
and  Colonel.     Now  resides  at  Maiden,  Mass. I 



her  old  man  was  among  them.    Despite  her  disreputable  appearance, 
it  must  be  conceded  that  she  had  a  fine  military  judgment. 

The  heat  was  by  this  time  intense,  and  the  dust  suffocating. 
Skirmishers  and  flankers   were  thrown  out,  and  two  miles  or  more 

had  been  covered  when, 
away  to  the  left,  the  report 
of  a  cannon  was  heard. 
Tyler  had  reached  the 
stone  bridge  and  set  about 
his  task  of  amusing  the 
enemy  there. 

It  was  nine  o'clock 
before  Burnside  reached 
Sudley's  Ford.  Some  de- 
lay was  made  here  to  give 
the  men  an  opportunity  to 
fill  their  canteens,  during 
which  Gen.  McDowell,  who 
had  become  impatient  at 
the  slow  progress,  rode  up 
and  passed  to  the  front. 
Soon  one  of  his  staff  came 
galloping  back  and  asked 
for  Col.  Marston.  "Tell 
him  to  have  his  men  ready, 
for  we  shall  soon  meet  the 
enemy  in  large  force,"  he 
shouted,  and  continued  on  his  way  to  other  regiments.  Beyond  the 
ford  the  country  grew  more  open*  and  the  Second  Rhode  Island — 
the  leading  regiment — was  sent  forward  to  stir  up  the  enemy.  It 
broke  from  the  column  into  the  fields  to  the  left,  and  soon  disap- 
peared beyond  a  point  of  woods.  It  was  but  a  few  minutes  before 
there  was  heard  the  rattle  of  musketry  and  the  reports  of  cannon. 
Words  cannot  picture  the  excitement  of  the  men  in  the  column, 
most  of  whom  now  heard  for  the  first  time  the  sound  of  hostile 
guns.  The  sergeant  of  the  Second's  pioneer  squad  asked  what  they 
should  do  with  their  axes  and  shovels.     He  was  told  to  throw  them 

Henry  Moore,  Co.  B. 

Taken  prisoner  at  Bull  Run,  July  21,  1861,  and 
was  discharged  for  disability  a  year  later.  Above 
portrait  taken  at  the  time  of  his  enlistment.  Now 
resides  in  Goffstown. 



down  by  the  roadside  ;  and 
the  example  of  the  pioneers 
was  followed  by  a  general 
dumping  of  the  rolls  of 
blankets  with  which  the  men 
were  encumbered.  It  was,  of 
course,  intended  to  return  for 
them  when  the  little  job 
ahead  was  ended  :  but  as  the 
men  happened  to  be  pressed 
for  time  later  in  the  day,  they 
were  never  recovered. 

The  Second  was  ordered 
forward  as  support  for  the 
Rhode  Island  battery,  and 
went  off  up  the  road  at  a 
double-quick.  A  cannon  ball 
came  crashing  through  the 
tree  tops  as  the  regiment 
entered  the  woods.  Every- 
body bowed  to  it.  Then 
came  another  directly  in  its 
wake.     In  a  few  minutes  the 

Second  emerged  from  the  woods,  and  the  opening  scene  of  the 
battle  was  before  it.  The  point  toward  which  all  eyes  were  turned 
was  the  long  blue  line  of  the  Rhode  Islanders  some  distance  in 
advance  and  to  the  left  of  the  road.  The  field  was  dotted  with 
wounded  men  going  out  of  the  fight.  It  was  a  lively  and  apparently 
even  contest.  The  rebel  force  at  this  time  engaged  was  covered 
by  woods  and  fringes  of  bushes,  and  consisted  of  thirteen  companies 
of  infantry  and  two  pieces  of  artillery,  with  which  Gen.  Evans  had 
hurried  up  from  the  stone  bridge  as  soon  as  he  divined  McDowell's 
plan  to  come  in  on  his  left  and  rear.  But  before  starting  he  had 
sent  to  Bee  and  Bartow  for  assistance,  and  the  brigades  of  these 
two  generals,  with  Imboden's  battery,  were  already  on  the  Henry 
plateau,  ready  to  cross  over  to  Evans'  support. 

The  Second  filed  from  the  road,  to  the   right,  and  under  what  is 

Harvey  Holt,  Co.  I. 

The  first  New  Hampshire  soldier  killed  in  battle 
in  the  war.  Was  attached  to  the  oorps  of  pioneers, 
which  early  in  the  action  occupied  a  position  in 
advance  of  the  Rhode  Island  batten,-.  A  shell 
from  one  of  its  guns  exploded  prematurely,  and  a 
fragment  struck  Holt  in  the  neck,  killing  him  in- 
stantly. He  was  from  Lyndeborough,  and  the 
Post  of  the  Grand  Army  in  that  town  is  named  for 


said  to  have  been  the  erroneous  order  of  some  aide,  advanced  in 
line  of  battle  toward  the  Dogan  house.  There  were  patches  of 
forest — scrub  oak  and  pine — upon  the  east  side  of  the  Sudley  road, 
but  on  the  west  side,  in  front  of  the  Second,  there  was  open  farm 
land  clear  to  the  edge  of  the  opposite  plateau,  across  the  Warrenton 
road  and  the  valley  of  Young's  Branch.  Near  the  Dogan  house 
were  stacks  of  hay  or  straw,  behind  which  a  few  rebel  sharpshooters 
had  taken  cover,  but  they  did  not  stop  long. 

From  its  most  advanced  position  the  regiment  observed  a  body 
of  rebel  troops  upon  the  opposite  slope,  and  two  or  three  volleys 
were  fired  at  them  by  the  two  rifle  companies — A  and  B.  Owing 
to  the  great  distance,  it  is  probable  that  but  little  damage  was  done, 
although  the  troops  fired  on  moved  to  cover  at  once.  They  must 
have  been  either  the  Seventh  or  Eighth  Georgia,  of  Bartow's 
brigade.  One  of  the  most  interesting  chronicles  of  the  Second 
hinges  upon  this  little  episode,  which  Lieut. -Col.  Fiske  has  narrated 
as  follows  :  "A  year  afterward,  at  the  second  battle  of  Bull  Run,  the 
same  regiment  was  halted  near  where  lay  one  of  our  wounded  men, 
Charles  Taber,  of  Company  C.  As  soon  as  the  Georgians  saw  the 
'  2  N.  H.'  on  his  cap,  they  treated  him  with  friendly  solicitude,  and 
removed  him  from  where  he  was  lying,  exposed  to  dropping  shot 
and  shells,  to  the  shelter  of  an  embankment.  They  knew  all  about 
the  career  of  our  regiment,  and  what  battles  it  had  fought  in,  from 
the  first  to  the  second  Bull  Run.  We  were  the  first  troops  with 
whom  they  ever  exchanged  fire,  and  they  manifested  a  very  hearty 
good  will  toward  us." 

By  this  time  the  Rhode  Island  battery  was  getting  into  position 
just  to  the  left  of  the  Sudley  road.  The  Second  moved  to  the  rear 
until  in  line  with  the  battery,  when  the  men  were  ordered  to  lie 
down.  About  this  time  Imboden's  battery  introduced  itself  to  the 
Second.  It  was  posted  some  distance  below  the  Henry  house, 
partially  covered  by  a  sinuosity  of  the  ground,  which  from  the 
Second's  position  had  all  the  appearance  of  an  artificial  earthwork. 
Its  first  missile  flew  far  above  the  Second,  ending  its  course  in  the 
woods  to  the  rear.  Another  followed,  much  lower.  The  gunners 
were  finding  the  range,  and  about  the  fourth  or  fifth  shot  fell  square 
in   the  prostrate  ranks.       But   the   Rhode  Island   battery   was   now 



about  readv  for  business.  The  right  gun  was  in  position,  and  one 
of  the  lieutenants  was  sighting  it.  It  was  a  magnificent  shot.  The 
shell  burst,  apparently,  directly  under  one  of  Imboden's  guns,  and 
his  men  were  seen  scattering  across  the  field  to  the  rear  like  ants 
from  an  ant-hill.     They  were  soon  rallied,  however,  and  came  back 

BaktltfiM  oJBu.ll  J^tn. 

cShovfing  moveYn<z.n+<s  and  approximate    jposi- 

to  their  work.  Imboden  does  not  mention  this  little  incident  in 
his  rather  self -laudatory  official  report,  and  the  present  writer  takes 
great  pleasure  in  supplying  the  omission. 

Meantime  the  Second  Rhode  Island  was  bearing  the  brunt  of 
the  battle,  fighting  a  somewhat  superior  force.     Major  Wheat,  upon 

•2  8 


the  rebel  right,  was  emboldened  to  try  a  charge,  but  was  checked 
and  driven  back.  The  movement  gave  matters  a  decidedly  lively 
appearance,  however.  The  First  Rhode  Island,  which  had  come 
up,  was  sent  to  the  left  to  the  assistance  of  the  Second,  and  at  this 

critical  moment  Bee  and 
Bartow  advanced  to  Evans' 
support,  coming  into  posi- 
tion upon  his  right  under 
cover  of  rail  fences  and 
fringes  of  bushes.  T  h  e 
Seventy-first  New  York  was 
next  sent  to  the  left,  and  a 
few  minutes  later  the  Second 
New  Hampshire  was  ordered 
in  the  same  direction. 

Moving  by  the  left  flank, 
it  passed  along  the  rear  of 
the  battery,  upon  which  a 
severe  fire  was  concentrated, 
both  musketry  and  artillery. 
A  cannon  ball  took  a  leg 
from  each  of  the  two  wheel 
horses  attached  to  a  caisson, 
and  the  agonized  flounder- 
ings  of  the  poor  beasts  were 
witnessed  by  every  man  in 
the  regiment.  On  the  way, 
the  two  left  companies,  by  the  mistake  of  some  aide  not  on  the 
brigade  staff,  were  separated  from  the  regiment,  and  it  was  only  by 
the  active  exertions  of  the  regimental  officers  that  they  were  brought 
back  again — an  example  of  the  blunders  to  which  the  inexperienced 
officers  and  men  were  subjected. 

A  little  distance  to  the  left  of  the  battery  the  Second  was  ordered 
to  halt  and  lie  down.  It  was  a  trying  situation  for  green  troops,  the 
rebel  fire  being  very  sharp,  while  the  regiment  could  only  lie  and 
take  it,  on  account  of  the  Rhode  Islanders  in  front.  But  it  was  only 
for  a  few  minutes,  when  the  order  came  for  the  regiment  to  move 

Corpl,  Wells  C,  Haynes,  Co.  B. 

Wounded  at  Bull  Run,  and  taken  prisoner,  July 
21,  1861.  Died  of  wounds,  in  the  hands  of  the  ene- 
my, at  Richmond,  Va.,  October  8,  1861.  Enlisted 
from  Candia,  and  was  a  son  of  Carr  B.  Haynes, 
sometime  Deputy  Sheriff  of  Merrimack  County. 



still  farther  to  the  right  and  advance.     In  the  next  ten  minutes  the 
regiment  met  a  large  part  of  its  loss  for  that  day.     Men  went  down 
in  every  direction.      Hardly  had  Col.  Marston  shouted  "Attention  1" 
when  he  fell  upon  his  face  with  a  rifle  ball  in  his  shoulder.     When 
the  adjutant  attempted  to  lift  him  by  the  wounded  arm,  the  air  was 
burdened  with  choice  selec- 
tions from  the  old  colonel's 
matchless  vocabulary.    The 
crippled     commander     was 
helped   to    the    rear,  while 
Lieut. -Col.     Fiske    led    the 
regiment    forward.        With 
the    Seventy-first    upon    its 
left,  it  rushed  to  the  front, 
and    opened    its    store    of 
buck    and    ball    on    the 
enemy.       In   front   of   the 
Second  the  rebels  were  well 
covered  from  view  by  the 
dense  brush  along  a  line  of 
rail  fence    in    the  edge  of 
the  woods ;     but    the   men 
aimed    low    and    blazed 
away.    It  was  now  a  square 
stand-up  fight  of  Burnside's 
four  regiments,  in  a  single 
line  of  battle,  against  nearly 
six    full    regiments    of   the 
enemy.     Col.  Porter,  commanding  the  First  Brigade,  says  Burnside 
"  was  at  this   time  attacking  the  enemy's  right  with,   perhaps,  too 
hasty  vigor" — a  very  pardonable  military  error. 

But  reinforcements  were  now  arriving.  Porter's  brigade  came 
up  and  took  position  on  Burnside's  right,  west  of  the  Sudley  road. 
He  soon  sent  Sykes  with  his  battalion  of  regulars — eight  companies 
— across  to  Burnside's  assistance.  They  took  position  on  the 
extreme  left  of  the  brigade  line,  which  had  been  overlapped  and 
threatened  by  the  superior    rebel   force,  and  soon  the  rebel    fire 

Daniel  S.  Brooks,  Co,  A. 

Taken  prisoner  at  Bull  Run,  July  21,  1861,  and 
died  in  the  hands  of  the  enemy,  at  Richmond,  Va., 
October  21,  1861.     Was  from  Fitzwilliam. 


upon  Burnside's  front  perceptibly  weakened.  Porter  was  pouring  a 
heavy  fire  in  upon  the  rebel  left,  and  the  head  of  Heintzelman's 
division  was  appearing  on  the  Sudley  road.  The  enemy  were 
evidently  staggered  by  the  rapidly  developing  force  of  Union  troops. 

At  this  time,  also,  a  column  of  troops  was  seen  emerging  from 
woods  away  to  the  left,  in  the  direction  of  Bull  Run.  This  was 
Sherman's  brigade  of  Tyler's  division,  headed  by  the  Sixty-ninth 
New  York,  which,  marching  up  stream  from  the  stone  bridge,  had 
found  a  ford  and  crossed  over  to  Hunter's  assistance.  This 
apparition  seemed  to  be  the  straw  that  broke  Evans'  back.  At  any 
rate,  Burnside's  men  about  this  time  became  aware  that  there  was 
but  little  on  their  front  to  shoot  at.  Sherman's  regiments  passed 
along  the  rear  of  Burnside's  line  to  the  Sudley  road,  down  which 
thev  turned  with  troops  of  Heintzelman's  division.  Burnside's  men 
heard  a  few  scattering  volleys  in  and  beyond  the  woods.  The  rebel 
forces  were  driven  in  confusion  across  Young's  Branch  and  the 
Warrenton  road  and  up  the  slopes  of  the  Henry  hill.  The  first 
clash  of  arms  was  over,  and  if  the  battle  had  ended  right  there,  it 
would  have  been  a  most  decisive  Union  victory.  In  fact,  McDowell 
seems  to  have  considered  the  battle  already  won,  as  he  rode  down 
Burnside's  front,  telling  the  enthusiastic,  cheering  men  they  had 
won  a  great  victory. 

While  the  rest  of  Burnside's  brigade  was  now  withdrawn  into 
the  woods  to  the  rear  for  the  purpose  of  supplying  those  regiments 
with  ammunition,  the  Second  remained  in  position.  It  was  not  long 
before  the  men  began  to  think  that,  considering  the  battle  was  over, 
there  was  a  great  deal  of  trouble  on  the  opposite  hill.  As  a  matter 
of  fact,  the  most  desperate  struggle  of  the  day  was  taking  place 
there,  and  some  of  the  fighting,  including  the  charge  of  the  Black 
Horse  Cavalry,  was  in  plain  view  from  the  Second's  position. 

Eben  Gordon,  of  the  Second  Rhode  Island,  relates  the  following 
experience  in  his  diary,  recently  published  :  "  I  then  went  back  to 
the  field,  and  found  that  the  enemy  had  been  driven  entirely  from 
the  woods,  and  saw  the  Second  New  Hampshire  formed  in  line  of 
battle  by  the  fence  just  outside  the  cornfield.  I  came  across  Lieut. 
Samuel  P.  Sayles,  of  Dover,  N.  H.,  with  whom  I  shook  hands,  and 
then    asked    him    where    my    regiment    was.     He    said    they    were 





Portsmouth,  June,  iSbi,  Newport,  Juno,  iSqj. 

Albert  L.  Hall,  Co.  I. 

Entered  the  service  from  Cornish.  Was  one  of  the  men  who  carried  John  L.  Rice  to  the 
rear,  and  as  a  result  became  a  prisoner  himself.  Resides  in  Newport,  and  is  Register  of  Probate 
for  Sullivan  County. 

ordered  off  to  rest,  so  I  remained  by  his  side  for  half  an  hour  and 
did  what  I  could.  While  f  was  with  the  New  Hampshire  boys,  the 
New  York  Fire  Zouaves  were  charged  by  the  Black  Horse  Cavalry, 
and  Lieutenant  Sayles  looked  at  me  and  very  coolly  said,  "  Eb.,  you 
had  better  find  your  regiment,  for  our  whole  brigade  will  now  have 
to  charge  and  support  the  Zouaves." 

About  three  o'clock  the  Second  was  ordered  forward  to  the 
Henrv  hill,  Burnside  says,  in  his  report,  "  to  assist  one  of  Colonel 
Heintzelman's  brigades,  at  that  time  three-quarters  of  a  mile  distant 
and  driving  the  enemy  before  them."  Col.  Marston,  having  had  his 
wounded  arm  bound  up,  came  at  this  moment  to  the  regiment,  an 
orderly  leading  his  horse.  The  pain  he  endured  was  plain  to  every 
man,  and  the  regiment  greeted  him  with  tumultuous  cheers. 
"  Now,"  he  said,  "the  New  Hampshire  Second  will  have  a  chance 
to  show  what  it  is  made  of."  He  accompanied  the  regiment  until 
repeated  entreaties  not  to  take  the  risk  of  aggravating  his  wound 
induced  him  to  return  :  but  he  left  the  inspiration  of  his  presence 
with  the  men. 


The  regiment  filed  into  the  Sudley  road  and  marched  down  into 
the  valley,  meeting  many  stragglers  headed  for  the  rear.  It  crossed 
the  Warrenton  road,  splashed  through  Young's  Branch,  and  was  at 
the  foot  of  the  Henry  hill.  Here  it  came  under  a  very  sharp  fire 
from  rebel  artillery,  which  struck  down  a  number  of  men.  Here 
Henry  Morse,  of  Company  I,  was  killed.     A  grape-shot  struck  him 

square  ii>  the  neck.  "  My 
God  !  "  he  gasped,  and  fell 
dead  in  the  road.  Here 
William  H.  Quimby,  Lewis 
N.  Relation  and  Franklin  F. 
Wetherbee,  all  of  Company 
C,  were  mowed  down  by 
one  cannon  ball.  Quimby 
was  killed  outright,  and  the 
others  died  of  their  wounds, 
Wetherbee  as  a  prisoner  in 
the  hands  of  the  enemy. 

The  regiment  was  halted 
for  a  considerable  time, 
setting;  such  shelter  as  it 
could  under  the  slope,  while 
an  effort  was  made  to  find 
out  where  it  was  wanted 
and  what  was  wanted  of  it. 
Col.  Heintzelman  could  not 
be  found,  and  no  Union 
troops  could  be  seen  in 
action.  The  fight  for  the 
Henry  hill  was,  in  fact,  already  over,  and  there  was  nothing  for  the 
Second  to  do  but  to  amuse  the  enemy  while  the  beaten  troops  were 
retreating.  But,  after  a  while,  Col.  Burnside  appeared.  He  rode 
fearlessly  up  the  hill  a  little  distance  to  the  east  of  the  road,  took  a 
good  observation  of  the  front,  then  dashed  back  to  the  Second  and 
gave  it  its  direction.  The  Henry  hillj  falls  not  only  toward  the 
north,  but  on  the  west  is  gouged  by  the  valley  of  a  little  rivulet 
known    as    Chinn's    Branch,   which   runs    north,    parallel    with   the 

Daniel  E.  Burbank,  Co,  A. 

Burbank  writes  from  his  home  in  Worcester, 
Mass.:  "  The  picture  is  a  copy  of  one  I  had  taken 
a  few  days  after  I  enlisted  in  '61.  It  looks  very 
little  like  the  gray-haired  man  of  53  that  I  now  am, 
but  my  heart  is  young,  and  there  is  a  tender  spot 
in  it  for  the  old  boys  of  the  Second.  But  be  sure 
not  to  show  this  picture  to  a  costumer  until  after 
you  have  made  a  sale." 


Lt.  Colonel  2nd  N.  H.  Vols.,  1861. 
Brevet  Brigadier  General,   1865. 


Sudley  road,  into  Young's  Branch.  The  regiment  filed  to  the  right, 
and  advanced  up  this  little  run,  but  tar  enough  down  to  be  covered 
from  the  rebel  artillery.  Arriving  at  a  point  in  front  of  the  Henry 
house,  the  regiment  fronted  and  marched  up  the  slope,  toward  the 
Sudley  road,  in  line  of  battle.  When  the  rebel  fire  began  to  tell, 
the  men  were  ordered  to  lie  down  and  fire  at  anything  they  could 
see  to  shoot  at. 

While  the  Second  lay  in  this  position,  the  battalion  of  regulars 
was  observed  upon  the  Chinn  hill,  directly  to  the  rear  of  the 
Second,  across  the  little  run  or  valley ;  its  front  being  at  nearly  a 
right  angle  with  that  of  the  Second.  Their  presence  is  thus 
explained  by  McDowell  in  his  report:  "The  battalion  of  regular 
infantry  alone  moved  up  the  hill  opposite  to  the  one  with  the  house, 
and  there  maintained  itself  until  our  men  could  get  down  to  and 
across  the  Warrenton  turnpike  on  the  way  back  to  the  position  we 
occupied  in  the  morning."  While  the  Second  was  keeping  up  its 
fusilade,  the  regulars  fired  four  or  five  solid,  methodical,  regulation 
volleys  into  the  woods  on  their  front,  and  then  withdrew  towards 
the  Warrenton  road.  But  the  Second  (which  was  meeting  but  few 
casualties)  hung  on  several  minutes  longer,  when  it  also  received 
orders  to  retire.  It  was  the  last  regiment  to  present  a  fighting 
front  to  the  enemy  on  that  blood-soaked  hill,  and  it  retired  in 
perfect  order  and  without  haste  over  nearly  the  same  route  by 
which  it  had  advanced. 

Its  withdrawal,  however,  was  marked  by  a  little  episode  which 
made  fun  for  the  boys  and  added  spice  to  the  occasion.  It  is  not 
certain  that  the  movement  was  made  under  competent  orders  ;  but 
the  two  left  companies  (B  and  I)  went  forward  when  the  other 
eight  companies  started  for  the  rear,  taking  cover  in  a  depression 
of  the  Sudley  road  which  served  admirably  as  a  rifle-pit.  Almost 
in  front  was  the  riddled  Henry  house,  around  and  beyond  which 
the  enemy  were  swarming,  and  excellent  work  was  done  on  them 
during  the  little  time  the  two  companies  could  hold  the  position. 
But  they  were  soon  smoked  out  of  their  hole.  Bullets  began  to 
whistle  down  the  road  from  the  right,  and  a  rebel  line  was  seen 
crossing  in  that  direction,  delivering  a  rapid  file  fire  as  they  passed. 
"Boys,"  said  Lieut.  Joe.  Hubbard,    "it's  time  for  us  to  go  !"  and 




go  they  did,  evert  man  for  himself.     The  air  was  alive  with  bullets 
as  they  uncovered  and  struck  a  tremendous  gait  for  the  rear. 

When  the  Second,  retiring  from   the   Henry  hill,  reached  the 
plateau    from  which    it    had   gone    forward,   it    found    a    scene    of 

disorder,  confusion  and  disinte- 
gration. The  Carter  and  Dogan 
farms  were  covered  with  squads 
of  men  separated  from  their 
commands   and  evidently   eone 

J        O 

to  pieces  so  far  as  organization 
was  concerned.  The  regiment 
halted  near  the  spot  where  the 
Second  Rhode  Island  opened 
the  fight,  and  where  the  men  of 
B  and  I,  coming  up  from  the 
valley,  saw  their  colors  and 
rejoined  them. 

By  this  time  a  rebel  brigade 
(Early's)  was  slowly  advancing 
down  the  Henry  hill,  in  several 
lines,  their  flags  waving  and 
bayonets  glistening  in  the 
sunlight.      One    of    the    Union 

Capt,  Hiram  Rollins,  Co.  D. 

Severely  wounded  in  the  shoulder,    at    Bull 
Run,  July  21,  1861,  and  transferred  to  Veteran       batteries     did     get    into    position 
Reserve  Corps  with  rank  as  in  the  Second.    He 

was  promoted  to  Major  and  Brevet  Lieut. -Col.       loilcr      enOU°°h      to     pitch      a     few 
Died  at  Washington,  D.  C,  August  20,  1868.  b  b  t 

well-directed  shells  into  the 
advancing  ranks ;  then  limbered  up  and  went  to  the  rear.  A  short 
distance  to  the  left  and  rear  of  the  Second  a  battalion  of  regular 
cavalry  sat  their  horses,  and  these  two  bodies  were  the  only  Union 
troops  in  the  whole  range  of  view  that  still  held  their  organization. 
The  cavalry  at  length  faced  to  the  right  and  moved  off  toward 
Sudley's  Ford,  and  directly  afterwards  the  Second  followed  their 
example.  Not  until  the  regiment  entered  the  road  did  the  men 
really  catch  the  spirit  of  the  hour  or  fully  realize  that  the  Union 
army  was  beaten.  Everything  was  converging  into  and  crowding 
that  narrow  highway — wagons,  artillery,  and  panic-stricken  men. 
In     such    a    torrent    it    was    impossible    to  hold    any    organization 



together ;    and    crowded,  broken,  overrun,    the    Second    was    soon 
scattered  and  mixed  in  the  general  confusion. 

The  most  pitiful  feature    was  the    wounded  men  lying  by  the 

roadside,  who  begged  not  to  be  left  to  the  tender  mercies  of  the 

rebels.       There  was  conveyance,  however,  for  but  very  few  of  the 

severely  wounded,  and  most  of  them  were  left  behind  and  became 

prisoners.     Some    of    the    men,   on   their    return  to  the    regiment, 

months  later,  had  interesting  experiences  to  relate.     Some,  at  first 

reported    killed,   turned    up    later  as  exchanged  prisoners  of  war. 

Among  these  was  John    L.   Rice,  of  Company    A,   whose  funeral 

sermon    was   preached  at   his   New   Hampshire   home,   and   whose 

friends     mourned    him    as 

dead.     His   story  has  been 

told  by  himself,  as  follows  : 

"  In    the    final    struggle  for 

the   Henry   hill,  just  before 

the  stampede  of  the  Union 

armv,   I   went  down  with  a 

musket    ball     through   my 

lungs.     My    comrades  bore 

me  off  in  the  wake  of  our 

retreating    forces    toward 

Sudley    Church,    where   our 

surgeons   had    established  a 

hospital.      In  a  short  time, 

being     closely    pursued  by 

the  enemy,  and  finding  that 

I  was  apparently  dead,  they 

laid  me  under  a  fence  and 

made    their   escape.     Some 

two    days    after    the   battle 

I    recovered   consciousness, 

but   was    unable    to    move. 

The  blood  from  my  wound 

soon  putrified  and  attracted 

swarms  of  flies,  whose  larva? 

in  a  short  time  were  wrig- 

John  L.  Rice,  Co.  A, 

Wounded  and  captured  at  Bull  Run,  July  si, 
1861.  Confined  in  Libbey  until  Jan. '2,  1862,  when 
exchanged  and  returned  to  duty.  Nov.  18,  1862, 
discharged  to  accept  captaincy  in  Sixteenth  N.  H. 
In  Oct.,  1863,  appointed  Lieut. -Col.  Third  Louis- 
iana Native  Guards  (colored)  afterwards  known 
as  75th  I".  S.  Colored  Infantry.  Commanded  the 
regiment  in  Red  River  campaign,  and  assisted 
Gen.  Bailey  in  construction  of  Red  River  dam  at 
Alexandria.  Returned  north  in  1867,  and  settled 
in  Springfield,  Mass.  Is  in  the  practice  of  law 
and  prominent  in  public  affairs.  Has  been  Rep- 
resentative in  the  Mass.  H.  R.:  four  years  Chief 
of  Police  in  Springfield;  Postmaster  four  years; 
appointed  Commissioner  U.  S.  Circuit  Court  in 
1890;  also  held  important  positions  in  G.  A.  R. 


gling  under  my  clothing  and  into  my  wound  in  constantly 
increasing  numbers.  In  this  condition  I  was  found  by  Amos 
Benson  and  his  wife,  who  lived  on  the  opposite  side  of  Bull  Run. 
They  were  returning  to  their  home  at  evening,  after  spending  the 
day  at  Sudley  Church  assisting  in  the  care  of  our  wounded.  The 
Confederate  medical  staff  at  that  time  was  very  poorly  prepared  for 
the  emergency  of  a  battle,  especially  for  the  care  of  the  wounded  of 
both  armies.  Had  it  not  been  for  the  efforts  of  the  Bensons  and 
the  few  other  people  living  in  the  vicinity  of  the  battlefield,  our 
wounded  would  have  had  little  food  or  attention  during  the  first 
days  following  the  battle.  Benson,  discovering  life  in  me,  brought 
an  overworked  surgeon  from  the  church,  who,  however,  turned 
away  with  the  remark  that  he  had  no  time  to  spend  on  so  hopeless 
a  case.  Mrs.  Benson  meanwhile  brought  me  food  from  her  house, 
while  her  husband  removed  my  clothing  and  scraped  away  the 
vermin  that  were  preying  upon  me.  They  continued  to  feed  and 
care  for  me  till,  at  the  end  of  ten  days,  I  was  so  far  revived  that 
the  surgeons  were  persuaded  to  remove  me  from  under  the  fence 
to  more  comfortable  quarters  in  a  freight  car  at  Manassas  Junction, 
whence  in  a  few  days  I  was  carried  to  Richmond  and  consigned  to 
Libbey  prison." 

Twenty-five  years  later,  in  1886,  being  in  Washington,  Rice 
carried  out  a  long  cherished  purpose  to  visit  his  kind  benefactors. 
He  found  both  still  living,  and  it  would  be  hard  to  tell  whether  he 
was  more  pleased  to  see  them  or  they  to  see  him.  To  Rice's 
assurance  that  he  hoped  to  be  able  in  some  way  to  repay  their 
kindness,  they  refused  any  recompense  for  themselves  ;  but  Mrs. 
Benson  replied  :  "  If  you  want  to  do  that,  you  can  help  us  poor 
people  here  pay  for  our  little  church  yonder.  It  was  destroyed 
during  the  war,  and  it  cost  us  a  severe  struggle  to  rebuild  it.  We 
owe  two  hundred  dollars  on  it  yet,  which  in  this  poor  country  is  a 
heavy  burden."  Rice  promised  to  send  her  a  contribution.  When 
he  reached  home  he  related  this  to  the  editor  of  the  Springfield 
Republican,  who  published  the  story  with  a  request  for  contribu- 
tions. Within  two  or  three  days  $235  had  been  subscribed.  A 
few  evenings  later  the  country  people  were  assembled  in  that  little 
church,  and   it  would  not  be  easy  to  picture  the  scene  when  Mr. 



Benson,  coming  from  the  post  office  at  Manassas  Junction,  entered 
with  Rice's  letter  and  postal  money  orders  for  an  amount  more 
than  sufficient  to  free  their  church  from  debt. 

The  general  belief  in  that  retreating  mob  was  that  there  would 
be  a  sharp  pursuit  by  the  rebels,  and  almost  every  man  doubtless 
had  mapped  out  a   line   of  action   when   the   Black  Horse   Cavalry 
should  swoop  down.      It  was  already  nearly  dark  when  that  partic- 
ular   division    of    the    procession 
with  which  the  writer  was  training 
approached    the    junction    of    the 
roads  at  Cub  Run.     He  was  but  a 
few  rods  from  the  Warrenton  road, 
and    w  a  s    congratulating    himself 
that  he  now  had  a  clear  course  to 
Centreville,     when     a    shell    came 
roaring  down  the  turnpike.     There 
was  at  once  a  wild  stampede  out 
of  the  line  of  fire.      "  Halt,  boys, 
halt!"    shouted   Lieut.  Piatt;    "a 
hundred   men  can   take   that   bat- 
tery !  "      He  was  just  the  man  to 
have    undertaken    it    if    he    could 
have  gathered  a  squad ;    but  the 
panic-stricken  fugitives   could  not 
be    rallied.     The  rebels  had    sent 
this  battery  down  the  Warrenton  road,  from  the  stone  bridge,   to 
harass   the  retreating  troops,  whose  utter  demoralization  they  had, 
fortunately,  not  then  fathomed.     But  they  had  builded  better  than 
they  knew,  as  one   of  their  shots  wrecked  a   wagon  on  Cub  Run 
bridge,  which  stopped  everything  on  wheels   that  had  not  already 
passed.     The  Rhode  Island  battery  and  other  guns  were  abandoned 
here,  and  the  rebels  had  only  to  gather  up  their  plunder. 

The  writer  reached  the  creek  a  short  distance  up  stream  from 
the  blockaded  bridge.  The  water  looked  black  and  deep.  Scores 
of  men  were  running  along  the  bank  above,  looking  for  a  place  to 
ford.  Burnside  came  riding  down  the  slope.  He  halted  a  moment, 
then  spurred  his  horse  down  the  steep  bank  and  across  the  creek — 

Charles  A.  Lang,  Co.  B. 
Present  residence,  Harrison,  Maine. 



the  water  coming  to  his  saddle.  As  the  rebel  guns  were  quiet  just 
then,  the  writer  was  emboldened  to  try  the  bridge.  When  half  way 
over  he  had  the  usual  experience — wished  he  had  taken  the  other 
road.  The  rebel  battery  opened  fire  again,  and  in  the  few  minutes 
it  took  to  untangle  himself  from  the  wreckage  it  seemed  to  his 
disordered  imagination  that  a  hundred  shells  as  big  as  flour  barrels 
passed  within  six  inches  of  his  head.     In  later  moments  of  calm 

consideration  he  has  considerably 
modified  this  estimate,  but  has 
never  brought  himself  to  believe 
that  he  did  not  there  receive  one 
of  the  worst  scares  of  his  life. 

Near  Centreville,  troops  of 
Miles'  division  were  found  drawn 
up  in  line  of  battle  across  the 
road,  and  the  men,  as  they  came 
up,  were  directed  to  return  to  the 
camps  they  had  left  in  the  morn- 
ing. Among  those  who  came 
straggling  into  the  camp  of  the 
Second  was  Corporal  Isaac  YV. 
Derby,  of  Company  A.  His  arm 
had  been  smashed  in  the  affair  at 
Cub  Run,  and  amputation  was 
necessary.  Derby  consenting, 
t  h  e  operation  w  a  s  performed 
without  the  use  of  anaesthetics, 
and  with  no  light  except  such  as 
was  afforded  by  a  tallow  candle 
and  a  flickering  brush  fire. 
Derby  was  a  nervy  man.  He  never  entered  a  hospital  at  all,  and 
after  a  few  days  was  attending  to  such  duties  as  a  one-armed  man 
could  do  about  camp. 

About  midnight  the  sleeping  men  were  routed  out  and  told  to 
make  their  way  back  to  Washington.  It  was  a  long,  weary  tramp, 
and  dusty  until  near  morning,  when  it  commenced  to  rain.  A  few 
miles  from  Washington  some  of  the  men  who  had  been  left  in  camp 

Corpl.  Isaac  W.  Derby,  Co.  A. 

Lost  an  arm  at  Bull  Run.  July  21,  1861. 
Was  the  first  New  Hampshire  soldier  to 
surfer  a  capital  operation  in  the  war.  Went 
to  Boston  in  1867,  engaged  in  real  estate 
business,  and  was  a  member  of  the  Massachu- 
setts House  of  Reps,  in  1873-4.  Has  been 
for  21  years  a  Deputy  Tax  Collector  for  the 
City  of  Boston. 



were  met  coming  out  to  join  the  regiment.  One  by  one,  squad  by 
squad,  the  men  straggled  into  camp.  Cooked  rations  were  ready 
for  them  as  they  arrived ;  but  sleep  and  rest  were  the  immediate 
demand,  and  it  was  noted  that  the  men  went  straight  to  their  tents, 
shed  their  equipments,  and 
were  not  anxious  for  their 
meals  unless  they  could 
have  them  served  in  their 

It  was  several  days 
before  the  last  straggler 
reported  in  camp  and  a 
correct  estimate  o  f  the 
regiment's  loss  could  be 
made.  It  was  not  heavy, 
as  losses  went  later  in  the 
war.  Nine  me  n  were 
reported  killed,  thirty-five 
wounded,  and  sixty-three 
missing — the  latter  being 
all  prisoners,  and  many  of 
them  wounded.  Four  men 
died  of  their  wounds,  mak- 
ing the  regiment's  death 
roll  thirteen.  The  only 
commissioned  officer 
wounded,  beside  Colonel 
Marston,  was  Capt.  Hiram  Rollins,  of  Company  D,  who  received  a 
musket  ball  in  the  arm. 

Of  the  regiment's  conduct  in  its  maiden  battle,  Col.  Burnside 
had  this  to  say  in  his  official  report :  "  Col.  Marston,  of  the  Second 
New  Hampshire,  was  badly  wounded  in  the  shoulder,  but,  notwith- 
standing, he  remained  in  the  saddle  under  fire  after  his  wound  was 
dressed,  his  horse  being  led  by  his  orderly.  The  regiment,  under 
charge  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Fiske,  conducted  itself  most  gallantly. 
Both  officers  and  men  deserve  great  praise." 

The     following,    from     the    Washington     National   Republican, 

John  Haynes,  Co.  K. 

Was  for  a  short  time  attached  to  the  hospital 
staff  of  the  Second,  and  subsequently  commis- 
sioned Assistant-Surgeon  of  the  Tenth  N.  H.  On 
leaving  the  service,  he  settled  in  the  practice  of 
his  profession  in  Londonderry,  in  which  town  he 
died  May  4,  1874,  aged  43  years. 


although  inaccurate  in  one  or  two  minor  details,  shows  the  general 
estimation  of  the  regiment's  conduct : 

"The  Second  N.  H.  Regiment.  During  the  late  engagement 
the  Second  New  Hampshire  regiment  behaved  with  the  utmost 
gallantry.  Arriving  on  the  field  the  second  regiment,  they  were 
instantly  called  upon  to  support  the  right  of  the  Rhode  Island 
Battery ;  and  with  the  coolness  of  veterans,  although  swept  by  the 
fire  of  the  rebels,  formed  line  of  battle  and  remained  in  this  trying 
position  for  more  than  an  hour.  When  ordered  to  charge,  they 
rushed  forward  with  great  impetuosity,  driving  the  enemy  from 
their  position  to  the  woods,  and  sweeping  everything  before  them. 
At  one  time,  when  a  retreat  was  sounded,  Companies  B  and  I 
remained  in  their  position  half  an  hour  after  every  other  company 
had  retreated,  and  poured  in  a  destructive  fire  on  the  rebels  who 
were  advancing  to  outflank  them,  only  retiring  when  capture  or 
annihilation  became  inevitable." 

Official  Report  of  Lieut.-Col.  Fiske. 

Hdqrs  Second  Regiment  N.  H.  Volunteers, 

Camp  Sullivan,  near  Washington,  J?<ly  2~,  iSbl. 

Sir:  I  have  the  honor  to  submit  the  following  report  of  the  movements  of  the  Second 
Regiment  New  Hampshire  Volunteers  during  the  march  and  battle  on  the  21st  instant.  I  give 
the  time  of  our  different  movements  as  nearly  as  possible: 

The  regiment  left  its  cSmp  near  Centreville  at  2  o'clock  a.  m.,  and  immediately  took  its 
place  in  the  column  of  the  Second  Brigade,  under  Colonel  Burnside.  We  continued  in  the 
column  of  the  brigade  until  near  the  field  of  battle.  On  arriving  at  the  battle-field  (10.30)  we 
were  ordered  up  to  support  the  Rhode  Island  Battery.  Before  arriving  at  the  place  indicated 
we  were  ordered  on  to  the  crest  of  a  hill,  in  a  field  considerably  to  the  right,  exposed  to  the  fire 
of  the  enemy's  batteries.  We  here  fired  upon  some  battalions  said  to  be  Georgia  troops,  who 
retired  to  the  shelter  of  the  woods  opposite.  After  they  retired  the  regiment  was  withdrawn 
under  the  shelter  of  the  brow  of  the  hill.  We  were  then  ordered  to  the  left  to  support  the  Rhode 
Island  Battery.  The  men  took  their  position  and  fired  several  volleys.  Colonel  Marston  was 
wounded  here  and  carried  to  the  rear  (11.30  a.  m.) 

We  were  moved  from  here  to  a  position  on  the  left  and  in  advance  of  the  Rhode  Island 
Battery,  where  we  fired  a  few  shots  at  the  retreating  enemy.  After  remaining  here  an  hour, 
more  or  less,  we  were  ordered  to  report  ourselves  to  Colonel  Heintzelman  (1  o'clock  p.  m.)  The 
regiment  moved  to  a  position  near  his  column,  and  I  sent  the  sergeant-major  three  several  times 
to  report  the  regiment  ready  to  render  any  succor  or  support  they  were  able  to  afford.  The 
sergeant-major  was  unable  to  meet  with  Colonel  Heintzelman  or  his  staff.  After  remaining  in 
this  position  some  time  I  received  an  order  (2.30  p.  m.)  to  advance  to  a  position  indicated, 
which  was  to  the  left  and  !a  quarter  of  a  mile  in  advance  of  the  troops  engaged  in  that  part  of 
the  field.  The  enemy  were  screened  from  our  sight.  As  the  men  were  exposed  to  fire  from  a 
battery  and  from  musketry,  I  ordered  |them  to  lie  down,  and  fire  whenever  any  of  the  enemy 
were  exposed. 

After  a  short  time  we  were  ordered  to  withdraw.     The  men  retired  leisurely  and  in  perfectly 


g 1  order,  halting  once  under  the  shelter  of  some  woods.     On  our  way  to  rejoin  our  brigade  we 

were  ordered  by  an  officer  of  dragoons,  whose  regiment  was  in  advance  in  the  retreat,  to  make 
haste,  or  we  should  be  cut  off  by  the  enemy's  cavalry.  Our  column  was  formed  again  in  the 
brigade,  but  before  the  formation  was  complete  the  retreat  began,  and  continued,  with  a  short 
rest  at  our  former  camp,  near  Centreville,  to  Washington. 

The  men  obeyed  orders  with  coolness  and  precision  during  the  whole  day.  They  took  even- 
position  they  were  ordered  to,  and  never  wavered  or  retired  until  ordered  to  do  so,  and  were 
among  the  last,  if  not  the  last,  to  leave  the  field.  Their  retreat  on  the  whole  route  to  their  camp 
was  unattended  by  tumult  or  any  disorder  further  than  leaving  their  ranks.  Their  conduct 
throughout  the  day  inspires  me  with  entire  confidence  in  their  courage  and  steadiness,  and  I 
hope  will  meet  your  commendation. 

Lieutenant-Colonel,  Comdg.  Second  X.  H.  Volunteers. 


july  23,  1 86 1,  to  april  10,   1 86 2. — hooker's  brigade  organized 

at   bladensburg march  to  the   lower  potomac second  in 

camp   at    hilltop a  young   marylander  taught  a   lesson- 
staking  off  the  guard  line winter  camp  at  budd's  ferry 

incidents  of  the  rebel  blockade gen.  naglee  in  command 

of  brigade marston's  famous  dungeon marston  beats  gen. 

mcclellan's  ordnance  officer the  rebels  evacuate   their 

positions murder  of  luther  w.  fassett  by  rebel  scouts 

hooker's    division  embark    for   the   peninsula the   second 

regiment  storm-bound  at  point  lookout. 

URNSIDE'S  brigade  was  broken  up  very  soon 
after  the  battle  of  Bull  Run,  all  its  regiments 
except  the  Second  being  three  months  troops. 
On  the  morning  of  August  9th  the  Second 
Regiment  broke  camp  and  marched  over  to 
Bladensburg,  a  well-known  suburb  of  Wash- 
ington. As  the  regiment  filed  into  the  field 
where  it  was  to  make  its  camp,  a  tall  man,  in 
civilian  dress,  but  bearing  the  unmistakable 
impress  of  military  training,  rode  up  and 
directed  the  movements  of  the  regiment.  He  was  Joseph  Hooker, 
one  of  the  newly-appointed  Brigadier  Generals  of  Volunteers.  His 
brigade,  when  organized,  consisted  of  the  First  and  Eleventh 
Massachusetts,  Twenty-sixth  Pennsylvania  and  Second  New  Hamp- 
shire regiments.  The  Second  was  the  first  to  arrive  at  the  brigade 
rendezvous,  and  consequently  the  first  troops  "  Fighting  Joe." 
commanded  in  the  war. 

All  the  regiments  were  in  camp  within  a  few  days.  August  23d 
the  brigade  was  reviewed  by  Gen.  McClellan,  who  had  been  called 
to  the  command  of  the  army  gathered  for  the  defence  of  Washing- 
ton ;  and  on  the  forenoon  of  the  25th,  President  Lincoln,  with 
Secretaries   Seward  and  Welles,  came  out  and   reviewed   Hooker's 



troops.  The  regular  routine  of  drill  and  camp  duties  was  varied 
bv  work  on  the  fortifications  with  which  "Washington  was  being 
surrounded,  and  the  forts  near  Bladensburg  in  that  stupendous 
system  of  defences  were  largely  built  by  Hooker's  men. 

'■-    -^v^jPS 


Hospital  Steward's  Quarters,  Bladensburg, 

Draaun  by  J.   Warren  Thyng,  from  Sketch  by  Israel  T.  Hunt. 

Tent  made  from  an  old  hospital  fly  and  some  boards,  the  front  eked  out  with  pieces  of  gunny 
bays.  Here  the  Surgeon,  with  Bill.  Stark,  the  Steward,  (popularly  known  as  "Old  Cooney,") 
and  his  assistant  (Dr.  Hunt,)  received  the  "  halt,  blind,  lame,  and  lazy,"  when  the  "  Surgeon's 
call  "  rang  out,  early  in  the  morning. 

September   5th   the   regiment  received    its    first   installment   of 
recruits,  a   squad   of    ninety-seven  arriving  from   Ns.v   Hr.npshir 
under  charge  of  Sergeant  Cobb,    of  Company  A.       This   number 
gauges  pretty  accurately  the  loss  to  the  regiment  up  to  that  time 
from  deaths  and  discharges  on  account  of  disability. 

On  about  the  same  date  an  important  change  was  made  in  the 
equipment  of  the  regiment,  the  smoothbore  muskets  being 
exchanged  for  Springfield  rifled  muskets. 

Early  in  October,  Hooker's  command  was  increased  to  a 
division  by  the  addition  of  Sickles'  "  Excelsior  Brigade,"  and  Col. 
Cowdin,  of    the    First   .Massachusetts,   as   senior    colonel,    assumed 



command  of  the   First  Brigade.     On    Thursday,    October   24,   the 
division    broke   camp   and   started  for  the   lower    Potomac.      The 

rebels  had  been  permitted  to 
blockade  the  river  by  the 
erection  of  powerful  batteries 
on  the  Virginia  shore  at 
various  commanding  points 
below  Occoquan  Creek,  be- 
tween thirty  and  forty  miles 
from  Washington.  This  was 
quite  a  serious  matter,  as  it 
practically  closed  one  of  the 
most  important  avenues  of 
communication  with  the  cap- 
ital. But  whoever,  if  any 
one,  w  a  s  responsible  for 
^^5%^  ^£i$&l$&/'         permitting    this  to  be  done, 

^jjft tjgj,ii^\\ iiiii* iiy&rs  Hooker's    division    was    now 

sent  to  establish  itself  upon 
the  Maryland  shore,  over 
against  the  blockade. 

The  march  occupied  four 
days,  the  division  arriving  at 
its  destination  on  Sunday, 
October  27.  The  Second,  with  Doubleday's  battery,  went  into 
camp  some  five  or  six  miles  from  the  rest  of  the  division,  at  the 
important  village  of  Hilltop,  consisting  of  one  frame  dwelling  house, 
a  cross-roads  store,  and  two  negro  cabins.  For  three  or  four  days 
the  regiment  camped  in  a  frost-bitten  hollow  by  Nanjemoy  Creek, 
but  was  then  moved  to  a  higher  and  pleasanter  location.  One 
company  was  sent  each  day  to  picket  the  mouth  of  the  creek,  which 
had  been  a  favorite  point  of  passage  for  the  rebels  to  and  fro  across 
the  Potomac. 

Many  of  the  young  men  of  this  part  of  Maryland  had  gone  over 
and  joined  the  rebels,  but  one,  at  least,  remained  long  enough  to 
be  taught  a  lesson  in  good  manners  which  it  is  not  likely  he  soon 
forgot.     At  dress  parade  one  afternoon  he  posted  himself  near  the 

William  Waterman  Sawtelle,  Co,  G, 

One  of  Amherst's  earliest  volunteers,  and  her 
first  victim  in  the  war.  Died  at  Bladensburg, 
October  25,  r86i,  having  been  taken  with  typhoid 
fever  soon  after  his  return  from  Bull  Run.  Plate 
from  Boylston's  "Amherst  in  the  Great  Civil 



regimental  commander  with  the  little  group  of  citizens  that  had 
gathered  to  witness  the  ceremony,  and  kept  up  a  string  of  offensive 
remarks  evidently  intended  for 
the  officer's  ear.  When  for- 
bearance ceased  to  be  a  virtue, 
the  officer  of  the  guard  took 
him  in  charge,  and  the  young 
Marylander  marched  jauntily 
off  to  the  guard  tent.  But 
when  parade  was  dismissed, 
the  poor  devil  was  brought  out 
and  flayed  alive.  At  the  head 
of  the  first  company  street  his 
tour  commenced.  A  guard  of 
honor  surrounded  him  with  a 
hedge  of  bayonets,  and  a 
negro  who  had  attached  him- 
self to  the  regiment  was  posted 
as  his  file-closer.  For  actual 
horror  and  suffering,  Stanlev's 
rear  guard  in  Africa  had  a 
picnic  compared  w  i  t  h  this 
fellow's  short  tour  of  camp. 
Livid  and  trembling  with  rage, 
he    was    kicked — kicked  by   a 

nigger! — up  one  street,  down  another,  out  across  the  parade 
ground,  and  over  the  guard  line.  The  negro  was  at  once  sent  off 
out  of  reach  of  vengeance,  and  it  is  quite  probable  the  young 
Marylander  crossed  the  river  and  joined  his  friends  in  rebeldom. 

It  was  in  this  camp  that  the  regimental  commander  got  so  neat 
a  hoist  by  his  own  petard.  Becoming  disgusted  one  day  with  the 
slovenly  marching  of  some  of  the  camp  guard,  he  ordered  the  guard 
line  marked  off  with  pegs  driven  into  the  ground  at  proper  pacing 
intervals.  The  job  was  still  in  progress,  when,  having  occasion  to 
pass  out  of  camp,  he  tripped  on  one  of  these  pegs  and  went  end 
over  end.  "  Great  guns  !  "  he  roared  as  he  gathered  himself,  "  I  'd 
like  to  know  what  infernal  idiot  has  been  sticking  the  ground  full  of 
sticks.      I  Ml  stop  that  '."     And  he  did. 

Henry  F.  Clifcon,  Cc,  C. 

A  buy  of  sixteen,  who  joined  the  regiment 
with  the  first  lot  of  recruits,  at  Bladensburg,  and 
carried  a  gun  for  three  years.  Now  resides  in 
Manchester,  is  widely  and  familiarly^  known  as 
"'  Harry."  and  is  still  young  and  lively  enough 
to  train  with  the  Amoskeag  Veterans. 



On  the  14th  of  November  the  Second  joined  and  went  into 
winter  quarters  with  its  brigade  at  Budd's  Ferry.  It  arrived  just  in 
time  to  witness  one  of  the  most  exciting  little  brushes  of  the 
season.  A  schooner,  loaded  with  wood,  was  "  running  the  block- 
ade," when  the  wind  failed  her  in  mid-stream.  She  was  struck  two 
or  three  times  by  rebel  shot,  whereupon  the  crew  dropped  anchor 
and  scuttled  for  the  Maryland  shore.  A  boat  filled  with  rebel 
soldiers  was  seen  pulling  for  the  prize  from  the  Virginia  side ; 
whereupon  a  detachment  of  the  First  Massachusetts  was  sent  to 


--  -> 

Quarters  of  the  Second  Regiment  Butcher,  Budd's  Ferry. 
Drawn  by  J.  Warren  Thyng,  from  a  Tintype. 

the  rescue.  The  rebel  party  was  the  first  to  reach  the  boat.  They 
set  fire  to  her  and  pulled  away  as  a  boatload  of  the  First  men 
approached.  The  flames  were  soon  extinguished  ;  then  the  anchor 
was  hoisted,  the  jib  set  to  catch  what  little  wind  there  was,  and  the 
schooner  was  towed  up  the  river  and  turned  over  to  one  of  the 
gunboats  of  the  upper  flotilla.  All  this  was  done  under  a  sharp 
fire  from  a  rebel  light  battery  which  was  run  out  on  Cockpit  Point. 



Hooker  named  the  camp 
of  his  division  "  Camp  Ba- 
ker." He  was  joined  about 
the  first  of  December  by  the 
Second  New  Jersey  Brigade 
— the  Fifth,  Sixth,  Seventh 
a  ml  Eighth  regiments  of 
that  state — which  became 
the  Third  Brigade  of  the 
division.  The  camps  were 
established  from  a  half  to 
three-quarters  of  a  mile 
distance  from  the  river,  and 
under  cover  of  woods  which 
screened  them  from  rebel 
observation.  The  camp  of 
the  Second  was  near  Gen. 
Hooker's  headquarters,  and 
close  by  the  Posey  house, 
which  was  quite  notorious 
in  the  annals  of  those  days. 
Posey  had  a  son  in  the  rebel 
army,  had  probably  been  a 
rebel  agent  before  Hooker's  arrival,  (and  perhaps  after,)  and  was 
arrested  therefor  ;  and  as  the  writer  remembers,  was  tried  and  got 
clear.  Still,  the  Posey  girls — who  had  been  reported  to  Wash- 
ington as  signaling  to  the  rebels  across  the  river  by  lights  at  night 
and  mirrors  by  day — were  very  pleasant  acquaintances  for  some  of 
the  Yankees  during  the  winter. 

Winter  set  in,  and  there  was  no  lack  of  work  to  occupy  the 
time  and  attention  of  the  men.  Timber  was  convenient  and  plenty. 
The  "A"  tents  were  stockaded  four  or  five  feet  high,  with  fireplaces 
and  chimnies  of  "  cob-work  "  plastered  thick  with  Maryland  mud. 
The  country  roads  became  absolutely  impassable — merely  trenches 
of  almost  fathomless  mud — and  a  corduroy  road  was  built  from 
the  camps  to  the  steamboat  landing  at  Rum  Point,  at  the  mouth  of 
Mattawoman  Creek. 

Scion  F.  Porter,  Co.  I. 

Died  of  apoplexy,   at   Budd's   Ferry,   Md. 





"  Laboring  like  patient  oxen 
By  the  banks  of  Chickamoxen," 

was   the   rhythmic   wail   of   Sergeant  Adams,   of   D,  who   contested 
with  Gunnison,  of  I,  the  laurel  crown  of  regimental  poet  laureate. 

Nor  was  there  any  lack  of  amusements.  Almost  every  day 
there  was  a  free  show  out  on  the  river,  which  the  men  could  take 
in  by  simply  going  a  few  rods  from  camp.  The  blockade  was  only 
effective  against  large  vessels,  which  from  their  great  draft  would 
be  compelled  to  keep  to  the  ship  channel  near  the  Virginia  shore. 
Sloops  and  schooners,  keeping  well  over  to  the  Maryland  side,  ran 
up  and  down  in  broad  daylight  as  boldly  as  they  would  have  sailed 

into  Boston  Harbor.  The 
rebels,  as  a  matter  of  princi- 
ple, always  opened  fire  on 
them,  and  it  was  not  unusual 
for  one  schooner  to  be  the 
target  for  scores  of  shells 
before  it  got  clear  of  the  bat- 
teries. Thousands  of  shot 
were  fired  by  the  rebels 
during  the  winter,  and  the 
atrocious  wildness  of  their 
gunnery  is  in  evidence  in  the 
fact  that,  with  the  exception 
of  the  wood-laden  schooner 
before  mentioned,  not  a  vessel 
was  hit  from  the  beginning  to 
the  end  of  the  blockade.  Our 
war  vessels,  even — which  had 
to  keep  the  channel — ran  the 
gauntlet  unscathed,  but  always 
by  night.  On  the  morning  of 
December  13  two  gunboats 
made  the  run  from  the  upper 
to  the  lower  flotilla  ;  and  at  five  o'clock  on  the  morning  of  January 
1  2  the  frigate  "  Pensacola,"  which  had  been  undergoing  repairs  at 
the  Washington  navy  yard,  went  by  without  injury,  under  a  fire  so 

Horace  0.  Smith,  Co.  E. 

One  of  a  squad  of  twelve  young  men  who  went 
to  Exeter  from  South  Newmarket,  May  5,  1861, 
and  were  mustered  in  by  Charles  H.  Bell,  after- 
wards Governor.  He  is  now  engineer  at  the 
McLean  Hospital,  Waverley,  Mass. 



terrific  (in  noise)  that  everybody  in  Hooker's  camps  turned  out  to 
see  what  it  was  all  about.  Hooker  reported  to  the  authorities  at 
Washington  that  a  vessel  had  about  as  much  chance  of  being 
hit  by  the  rebels  as  of  being  struck  by  lightning  ;  and  Gen.  Joseph 
E.  Johnston,  then  the  rebel  commander,  gave  it  as  his  opinion,  a 
short  time  before  the  evacuation,  that  "  the  guns  on  the  Potomac 
have  very  little  effect,"  and 
stated  that  two  or  three  of 
those  on  Cockpit  Point  had 
been  burst. 

February  21st,  Gen.  Henry 
M.  Xaglee  assumed  command 
of  the  First  Brigade,  and  in 
him  it  struck  a  Tartar.  The 
very  next  day  he  had  the 
officers  of  the  day  and  of  the 
guard  of  every  regiment  in  the 
brigade  under  arrest  on  techni- 
cal charges.  Everybody,  from 
highest  to  lowest,  was  soon 
arrayed  against  him.  He  met 
his  match  in  Colonel  Marston. 
One  day,  in  inspecting  the 
regiment,  he  visited  the  guard 
house,  a  very  comfortable  log 
building  used  in  common  by 
the  camp  guard  and  the  pris- 
oners. He  decided  at  once 
that  it  was  altogether  too 
palatial  for  prisoners,  and 
ordered  Col.  Marston  to  have  a 

David  G,  Dickey,  Co.  B. 

Was  from  Lyndeborough,  and  still  resides 
there.  Had  a  hand  in  building  Naglee's  dun- 
geon, concerning  which  he  writes:  "  I  was  one 
of  the  men  detailed  from  my  company  to  help 
build  it.  During  the  work  I  went  to  Colonel 
Marston  to  get  an  order  on  the  Quartermaster 
for  a  saw  to  make  the  door.  The  old  Colonel 
said, 'Tut!  tut!  who  told  you  to  cut  a  door'?' 
I  caught  on,  went  back,  and  helped  sling  on  the 
mud  where  the  door  should  have  been,  wonder- 
ing what  (Jen.  Naglee  would  say  when  he  saw 

dungeon  built  of  logs.     "  Build 

it,"  he  directed,  "  without  a  crack  or  an  opening,  so  that  it  will  be 
perfectly  dark."  His  orders  were  obeyed  to  the  letter.  Within  a 
day  or  two  he  was  over  again,  and  his  eyes  beamed  with  satisfaction 
as  they  rested  on  the  gloomy  structure.  But  after  walking  around 
it,  he  halted  with  a  puzzled  look  and  inquired  of  Marston  where  the 


entrance  was  and  how  he  expected  to  get  anybody  into  it.  "Oh," 
replied  the  colonel,  complacently,  "  that's  not  my  lookout.  I  have 
obeyed  orders  strictly.  How  does  it  suit  you?"  The  general  went 
his  wav,  and  "  Naglee's  dungeon"  was  still  standing  when  the 
regiment  left  Budd's  Ferry  for  the   Peninsula. 

Gen.  Naglee's  connection  with  this,  his  first  command,  lasted 
only  about  two  months,  and  that  his  reputation  was  well  maintained 
in  subsequent  commands  is  shown  by  the  following  correspondence 
given  to  the  world  by  Gen.  Keyes  in  his  "  Fifty  Years'  Observation 
of  Men  and  Events  :" 

"Headquarters  Naglee's  Division, 

Newburn,  June  12,  1S63. 
General:  I  am  most  happy  to  advise  you  that  I  have  been  transferred  with  my  brigade  into 
the  Department  of  North  Carolina.     It  may  be  equally  agreeable  and  satisfactory  to  you,  as  it 
certainly  is  to  myself,  to  be  assured  that  the  separation  will  be  a  permanent  one. 

H.  M.  NAGLEE. 
To  Maj.-Gen.  E.  D.  Keyes." 

"  Headquarters  4th  Corps, 

Yorkto-mn,  June  25,  /Sbj. 
General:   Your  letter  of  the  12th  instant  has  been  received.     The  happiness  you  express  in 
your  announcement  of  a  permanent  separation  is,  I  assure  you,  most  cordially  reciprocated.     I 
will  add,  with  the   risk  of  being  thought  to  exaggerate,  that   I  do  not  believe  any  one  of  your 
previous  commanding  officers  was  made  more  happy  at  parting  with  you  than  I  was. 

Very  respectfully,  etc.,  E.  D.  KEYES. 

Brig. -Gen.  H.  M.  Naglee,  U.  S.  Volunteers." 

Soon  after  the  war  a  jilted  woman  took  her  revenge  on  Naglee 
by  publishing  in  a  book  the  letters  he  had  written  her,  and  the 
spiciest  parts  of  the  whole  were  his  comments  on  public  men  and 
measures.  Two  or  three  samples  will  be  sufficient  to  illustrate  the 
vanity  and  egotism  of  the  man  : 

March  3,  /Sb2. — "  I  have  an  excellent  brigade — two  regiments  of  Massachusetts,  one  New 
Hampshire,  and  one  Pennsylvania — and  have  great  confidence  they  will  do  great  credit  to 
themselves.  *  *  *  1  am  very  agreeably  surprised  to  find  that  my  duties  come  very  naturally 
to  me,  and  so  have  had  no  difficulty;  on  the  contrary,  although  but  two  weeks  here,  I  have 
succeeded  in  completely  capturing  the  confidence  and  respect  of  all  my  officers,  and  am  received 
in  the  most  flattering  manner  by  all." 

March  15,  /Sb2. — "  Confidentially,  that  is,  for  your  ear  and  that  of  your  mother,  one  of  my 
troubles  comes  from  the  fact  that  Hooker  is  inefficient;  he  is  slow,  and  not  capable.  I  came  a 
long  ways,  and  for  the  purpose  of  doing  something.  I  come  in  contact  with  him  often.  I  am 
too  strong  for  him.  My  opinions  receive  favor  at  Washington,  and  to  the  condemnation  of  his 
plans.  He  is  envious  of  me,  but  is  afraid  to  oppose  me.  *  *  *  Yet  he  dare  not  say  I  am 
not  a  superior  officer,  and  that  if  I  have  a  chance  I  will  not  make  a  mark." 

September  2Q,  /Sbj. — "  I  am  again  the  mark  of  the  e special  spite  of  the  War  Department, 
and  am  now  on  my  way  to  Vicksburg  to  report  to  Gen.  Grant.     I  enclose  you  the  parting  fare- 



well  at    Norfolk,  by  which   you   will   see   that    I    have  made  many  friends.     Indeed,  that  was  the 
cause  of  the  order.     I  was  becoming  too  well  liked;   too  much  influence." 

May  30,  iSOj. — "  You  will  have  heard  before  this  of  my  being  no  longer  in  the  army.  With- 
out a  word  of  explanation,  witrfout  any  justification,  I  have  been  dropped  from  the  rolls  of  the 
army,  and  all  because,  despite  all  threats  or  offers  of  reward,  I  woidd  not  abandon  my  principles 
— I  would  not  be  abolitionized." 

November  /-,".  1804. — "  The  coming  two  years  will  try  the  country,  and  this  people,  and 
there  will  be  an  awful  crisis.  I  shall  only  be  too  happy  to  be  out  of  the  way.  If  1  cannot  be 
permitted  to  save,  I  will  not  be  a  paity  to  assist  in  the  destruction." 

It  was  about  the  first  of  December  before  Col.  Marston  was 
sufficiently  recovered  from  his  wound  to  assume  command  of  the 
regiment.       Lieut. -Colonel 

Fiske  had  been  in  com- 
mand until  about  the  first 
of  November,  when  he  was 
detailed  to  court  martial 
duty,  and  subsequently  to 
the  temporary  command 
of  the  T wenty-sixth 
Pennsylvania.  So  Major 
Stevens  was  much  of  the 
time  in  command,  during 
the  absence  of  Colonel 

After  the  assembling  of 
Congress,  the  colonel 
divided  his  time  between 
the  camp  and  the  House 
of  Representatives.  H  i  s 
"  pull  "  at  Washington  was 
of  great  service  to  the 
regiment,  more  times  than 
one.  On  one  occasion  he 
took  the  captain  of  Company  B  up  with  him  to  get  some  cartridges 
for  their  Sharp's  rifles.  McClellan's  ordnance  officer  refused  to 
issue  the  requisition,  saying  the  general  did  not  desire,  and  would 
not  have,  two  kinds  of  ammunition  in  one  regiment.  Marston  was 
quite  as  decided  in  his  determination  to  hold  on  to  his  breech- 
loaders.      "You     probably    think    you    are    bigger     than     General 

Orren  S.  Adams,  Co,  A. 

One  of  the  first  lot  of  recruits,  joining  at  Blad- 
ensburg,  and  serving  until  May,  1863,  when  he  was 
discharged  for  disability.    Xow  resides  in  Marlboro. 



McClellan,"  the  badgered  officer  at  last  said,  testily.  "  No,  sir  !  " 
thundered  the  equally  mad  colonel,  "  but  I  will  show  you  there  is 
somebody  in   Washington  that  is  !  "      He  went  at  once  to  see  the 

Secretary  of  War,  and  laid  the  case  before  him.  "  Send  that  man 
to  me,"  said  Stanton  to  a  messenger.  In  a  short  time  the  officer 
appeared,  and  as  he  emerged  from  the  secretary's  office  a  few 
minutes   later,   he   said   to    Marston,  with   a   sickly   smile,    "  I  have 

■■.< !  \i 

4    *■■-. 

:  ■    ■  - 
•mmt.  ■ 

Guard  House  of  the  Second  Regiment,  Budd's  Ferry. 
Drawn  by  J.  Warren -Thyng,  from  Sketch  by  Sergt.  J.  E.  Saunders. 

signed  your  requisition."  The  men  of  Company  B,  to  mark  their 
appreciation  of  the  colonel's  victory  over  the  major-general,  which 
saved  to  them  their  beloved  rifles,  procured  an  elegant  sword, 
which  was  duly  and  formally  presented  to  Marston  March  nth. 

December  15th,  while  sitting  in  his  tent,  Colonel  Marston  was 
severely  wounded  in  the  left  hip  by  the  accidental  discharge  of  a 
revolver  with  which  a  boy  was  toying  in  an  adjacent  tent. 

The  same  day  a  large  number  of  New  Hampshire  people  came 
down  on  the  boat  from  Washington  to  visit  the  camp.  In  the  party 
were  John  P.  Hale,  E.  H.  Rollins,  Daniel  Clark,  Waterman  Smith, 
E.  A.  Straw,  B.  F.  Martin,  and  a  bevy  of  New  Hampshire  ladies. 
How  the  boys  cheered   that  apparition  of  New   Hampshire  grace 



and  beauty,  at  dress  parade  that  afternoon  !  The  regiment  being 
formed  in  hollow  square,  with  the  guests  in  the  inclosure,  Major 
Stevens  stepped  forward  and  addressed  the  regiment  as  follows  : 
••  Fellow  soldiers,  we  have  something  new  in  this  square  today.  We 
are  honored  by  the  presence  of  four  ladies  from  New  Hampshire, 
who  are  heart  and  soul  with  us  in  this  great  struggle.  The  least  we 
can  do  is  to  give  them  three  cheers.  Are  you  all  readv?"  The 
men  were  all  ready. 

January  12  th  the  rebels 
seemed  to  be  trying  their  long 
range  guns  on  Hooker's 
camps.  One  30-pound  rifle 
shell  passed  directly  over  the 
Second's  camp  and  struck  on 
the  parade  ground  without 
exploding.  It  was  gathered 
in  by  Damon  of  Company  I, 
and  was  sold  to  Maj.  Stevens, 
who  deposited  it  in  the  col- 
lection of  war  relics  in  the 
Adjutant  General's  office  at 

In  February  the  ground 
got  into  such  condition  that 
drill  was  resumed — six  hours 
a  day.  Much  attention  was 
paid  to  bayonet  and  skirmish 
drill,  and  the  musicians  were 
exercised  in  the  ambulance 
drill.  The  men  were  expect- 
ing to  cross  the  river  and  attack  the  rebel  batteries.  In  fact, 
Hooker  was  contemplating  and  arranging  for  such  a  move,  but  it 
was  suspended  by  orders  from  General  McClellan  the  latter  part  of 

Sunday,  March  9th,  was  a  memorable  day.  The  rebels  evacu- 
ated their  entire  line  of  batteries,  setting  fire  to  their  camps  and  the 
steamer  "George  Page"  and  several  schooners  in  Huantico  Creek. 

Corpl.  John  Chandler,  Co.  F. 

Present    resi- 

From   a   picture    ta'cen    in    i860 
dence,  Plymouth. 



The  commanding  sites  on  the  Maryland  shore  were  covered  with 
interested  spectators  from  Hooker's  divison.  It  was  an  impressive 
scene,  the  Virginia  shore  being  enveloped  in  dense  masses  of  smoke 
for  a  distance  of  five  miles.     The  little  black  gunboat  "  Anacosta," 

of  the  upper  flotilla,  cau- 
tiously steamed  down  the 
river,  throwing  shells  into 
the  upper  battery.  Upon 
arriving  opposite  the  bluff, 
a  boat  was  seen  pulling 
from  her  to  the  shore,  and 
soon  the  Stars  and  Stripes 
broke  from  the  towering 
staff  which  for  months  had 
flaunted  the  banner  with  a 
strange  device.  A  large 
party  of  New  Hampshire 
men  a  n  d  w  omen  had 
arrived  in  camp  the  day 
before,  just  in  season  to 
witness  such  a  sight  as 
comes  to  but  few  persons 
more  than  once  in  a  life- 

Detachments  were  sent 
over  from  the  division  to 
reconnoiter  and  take  pos- 
session. The  guns  were 
rolled  down  to  the  river 
bank,  where  thev  could  be 
loaded  upon  barges ;  and 
soon  almost  every  man  in 
camp  had  some  little  souvenir  which  "our  friends  the  enemy"  had 
left  behind.  April  2,  while  on  this  service,  Luther  W.  Fassett,  of 
Company  K,  was  killed  by  rebel  scouts  or  guerrillas.  His  company 
had  located  the  grave  of  a  rebel  gun,  and  he,  with  a  companion, 
was  sent  back  to  the  landing  for  shovels.     On  the  way,  three  men 

Capt.  William  0.  Sides,  Co.  K. 

Had  been  an  officer  in  the  state  militia,  and  on  the 
breaking  out  of  the  war  was  Comnussary-(  General  of 
the  state.  He  is  said  to  have  been  the  first  man  in  the 
slate  to  enlist,  being  sworn  in  at  Concord  by  Adjt.-Gen. 
I.  C.  Abbott,  and  receiving  commission  as  recruiting 
officer.  He  enlisted  a  company  at  Portsmouth,  which 
he  led  at  the  first  Bull  Run.  While  crossing  Cub  Run, 
on  the  retreat,  he  received  injuries  which  led  to  his 
resignation.  He  was  commissioned  Captain  in  the 
Veteran  Reserve  Corps,  with  which  he  served  until  the 
closing  days  of  1865.  Since  the  war  he  has  been  editor, 
custom  house  inspector,  postmaster  of  Portsmouth, 
and  the  most  irrepressible  politician  in  the  state. 


in  citizen's  clothes  suddenly  confronted  them.  Fassett  immediately 
surrendered,  notwithstanding  which  he  was  shot  down  in  his  tracks, 
whereupon  his  companion  took  leg  bail  and  escaped.  Fassett  had 
a  brother  in  the  same  company,  and  a  wife  and  child  in  New 

Signs  of  an  early  movement  now  multiplied.  The  superfluous 
baggage  was  shipped  to  Washington;  "shelter"  tents  were  issued 
to  the  men  ;  temporary  piers  were  erected  for  the  embarkation  of 
the  division  ;  and  steamers  loaded  with  troops  were  passing  down 
the  river — a  fleet  of  thirty  large  boats  at  one  time.  McClellan  was 
transferring  the  Army  of  the  Potomac  to  the  Peninsula  for  an 
advance  on  Richmond  by  that  route. 

The  division  broke  camp  and  embarked  April  5  th,  but  the  boats 
bearing  the  First  Brigade  remained  at  anchor  in  the  river  until  the 
morning  of  the  7th.  The  Second,  with  three  companies  of  the 
Twentv-sixth  Pennsylvania,  were  crowded  upon  the  "  South 
America,"  a  crazy  old  river  boat.  When  the  boat  arrived  at  the 
mouth  of  the  Potomac,  a  wild  spring  gale  was  blowing  up  Chesa- 
peake Bay,  and  Colonel  Marston  would  not  permit  the  shaky  and 
overcrowded  boat  to  proceed.  "  I  brought  my  men  out  here  to 
fight,"  he  said,  "not  to  be  drowned  like  rats."  So  the  boat  ran  in 
to  the  pier  at  Point  Lookout,  and  most  of  the  men  were  landed. 

The  Point  had  been  quite  a  summer  resort,  and  the  vacant 
hotel  and  cottages  were  appropriated  for  quarters.  But  while  the 
men  were  comfortably  housed,  they  were  by  no  means  overfed,  the 
three  days'  rations  with  which  they  had  started  from  Budd's  Ferry 
being  about  exhausted.  The  rain  poured,  the  wind  howled,  and 
the  men  went  hungry  for  nearly  three  days,  when  a  relief  expedition 
reached  them  from  Washington,  and  on  the  afternoon  of  April  10th 
the  "South  America"  pulled  out  from  "Camp  Starvation"  and 
proceeded  down  the  bay. 









rIE  "South  America"  arrived  at  Fort 
Monroe  on  the  morning  of  April  nth, 
and  tied  up  to  the  wharf  for  coal.  Coming 
in,  she  passed  close  to  the  "  Monitor,"  whose 
fight  with  the  "  Merrimack "  had  been 
announced  to  the  Second  as  they  were  going 
on  board  the  transport  at  Budd's  Ferry.  And 
as  if  it  had  been  specially  arranged  to  give 
the  regiment  a  view  of  the  whole  outfit,  it  was 
not  long  before  the  "Merrimack"  was  seen 
coming  down  from  Norfolk,  accompanied  by 
two  large  steamers  and  a  swarm  of  tugs.  It 
was  her  first  appearance  since  the  famous  combat  in  Hampton 
Roads,  and  all  was  excitement  in  anticipation  of  another  big  fight. 
Every  vessel  that  could  not  fight  struck  out  into  Chesapeake  Bay, 
while  the  war  ships  came  in  and  took  position  to  contest  the 
passage  of  the  rebel  fleet.  As  the  "South  America"  went  out,  she 
passed  the  frigate  "Minnesota,"  coming  in — a  gallant  show,  with 
her  men  at  the  guns  and  her  decks  cleared  for  action  ;  yet,  alone, 
she  was  no  match  for  the  rebel  monster,  and  the  hope  of  successful 
battle  rested  with  that  uncanny  little  raft  and  turret,  which  had 
once  sent  the  "  Merrimack,"  crippled,  back  to  her  den.  A  half- 
dozen  shots,  perhaps,  were  exchanged  at  long  range  between  the 
"Merrimack"  and  the  Riprap  battery,  when  the  rebel  procession 
headed  back  for  Norfolk  and  disappeared  behind  Sewall's  Point. 



Late  in  the  afternoon  the  "  South  America  "  arrived  at  Cheese- 
man's  Creek,  about  six  miles  below  Yorktown,  and  the  troops  were 
landed  at  Ship  Point.  The  shores  of  the  creek  were  lined  with 
vessels  discharging  their  cargoes 
of  war  materials.  Seige  guns, 
mortars,  shells,  and  piles  of  army 
supplies  of  every  description  were 
on  every  hand,  and  thousands  of 
soldiers  were  camped  about,  wait- 
ing for  orders  to  proceed  to  the 
front.  The  Second  soon  joined 
the  brigade,  going  into  camp  on  a 
flooded  m  e  a  d  o  w  ,  w  here  the 
problems  demanding  immediate 
attention  were  :  first,  how  to  keep 
out  of  the  swim  ;  second,  how  to 
splice  the  shelter  tents — this  being 
the  first  time  the  regiment  had 
used  them.  On  the  12th  the 
brigade  moved  up  three  or  four 
miles,  to  near  the  head  of  Cheese- 
man's  Creek,  and  on  the  16th 
marched  still  further  to  the  front, 
to  its  permanent  position  in  the 
beseiging  lines  before  Yorktown, 

The  Army  of  the  Potomac  had 
recently  been  organized  into  army  corps,  designated  by  numbers. 
The  Third  Corps  was  commanded  by  Gen.  Heintzelman,  and  at  the 
seige  comprised  the  divisions  of  Generals  Fitz-John  Porter,  Joseph 
Hooker  and  Charles  S.  Hamilton.  Hamilton  was,  however,  relieved 
by  Gen.  Phil.  Kearney,  before  the  seige  was  ended  ;  and  Porter's 
division  was  taken  from  the  corps  soon  after.  The  Third  Corps 
held  the  extreme  right  of  the  beseiging  lines,  having  upon  its  front 
the  main  rebel  defences,  extending  from  the  York  river,  in  front  of 
Yorktown,  to  the  headwaters  of  the  Warwick  river,  which  inter- 
posed as  a  barrier  between  the  two  armies  from  that  point  to  the 

Adjt,  Centre  H,  Lawrence. 

Original  5th  Sergt.  of  Co.  A,  and  the  first 
color  bearer  of  the  regiment.  Sergt. -Mai., 
August,  1861.  First  Lieut,  and  Adjt.,  in 
Oct.,  1861,  and  during  the  Peninsular  cam- 
paign. Asst.  Adjt.-Gert.  of  Volunteers  in 
Oct.,  1862.  Severely  wounded  by  gunshot 
in  left  thigh  at  battle  of  Petersburg  Heights, 
in  July,  1864,  and  still  carries  the  ball  in  his 
body.  Brevetted  Major  in  1865.  At  pres- 
ent practicing  law  in  Washington,  D.  C, 
with  residence  at  Linden,  Montgomery  Co., 



Heintzelman's  camps  were  at  an  average  distance  of  a  mile  and 
a  half  from  the  rebel  works,  and  so  placed  as  to  be  masked  from 
rebel  observation.  The  Second's  camp  was  immediately  to  the 
right  of  the  Williamsburg  road,  upon  the  opposite  side  of  which 
were  the  headquarters  of  Heintzelman  and  Hooker,  and  also 
Howe's  steam  sawmill,  which  was  manned  by  the  Yankees  and  kept 

3P-iX' A  - 

Howe's  Sawmill,  near  Yorktown. 

Drawn  by  J.  Warren  Thyng,  from  a  Wartime  Sketch, 

The   point   of  view   of  the  above  sketch  was  within   the  camp  limits  of  the  Second  Regiment. 
The  tents  in  the  background  belonged  to  the  headquarters  of  Heintzelman  and  Hooker. 

humming  night  and  day,  preparing  dimension  lumber  for  the 
engineers.  Professor  Lowe's  balloon  apparatus  was  also  one  of  the 
Second's  near  neighbors,  being  located  by  the  side  of  the  road  a 
few  rods  from  the  regiment's  camp.  Ascensions  were  made  almost 
every  day  for  a  peep  into  the  rebel  works  and  camps.  The  balloon 
would  no  sooner  show  its  swaying  globe  above  the  tree  tops,  than 
a  spiteful  fire  would  be  opened  upon  it  from  some  of  the  rebel  guns 



that  seemed  to  be  detailed  to  this  especial  duty.  But  for  the 
constant  movement  of  the  men  who  held  it  captive  by  the  drag- 
rope,  thus  distracting  the  aim  of  the  rebel  gunners,  its  chances  of 
escape  would  have  been  small.  Fragments  of  shell  were  scattered 
about  the  camps  in  a  delightfully  careless  manner.  But  the  men  of 
the  Second  were  quick  to 



r     --    „ 


learn,  and  when  Lowe  was 
seen  preparing  to  go  up 
they  were  very  liable  to 
have  business  in  a  deep 
ravine  a  few  rods  from 
camp.  It  was  truly  remark- 
able that  not  a  man  of  the 
Second  was  ever  injured  in 
these  little  flurries,  and  the 
most  serious  loss  recorded 
was  a  haversack  of  hard- 
tack and  a  shelter  tent. 
The  proprietor  was  "abed," 
sleeping  off  a  night's 
debauch  with  a  shovel  in 
the  trenches,  with  his 
haversack  for  a  pillow.  A 
frolicsome  piece  of  shell 
happened  along,  kicked 
the  pillow  from  under    his 

head,  and  scattered  his  reserve  supplies   in   every   direction.     He 
tumbled  out  ready  for  a  fight  with  the  man  who  did  it. 

The  Third  Corps  bore  its  full  share  of  the  labors  of  the  seige. 
A  most  elaborate  system  of  works  was  laid  out — redoubts,  batteries, 
parallels — at  a  distance  of  twelve  hundred  yards  or  more  from  the 
rebel  fortifications.  Much  of  the  work  upon  the  trenches  was  done 
by  night,  and  the  Second  fairly  astounded  the  engineer  in  charge, 
on  its  first  essay.  Every  man  dug  as  if  the  fate  of  the  army  rested 
on  his  individual  shovel.  But  they  soon  learned  to  work  with  a 
moderation  more  in  consonance  with  the  spirit  of  the  campaign. 

All  the  Second's  trench  digging  was  on  the  parallels  across  the 

Georga  G,  Whitney,  Co.  G. 

Resides  at  Antrim. 



;     although    a 
regiment    was 

head  of  the  little  peninsula  of  a  few  hundred  acres  between  York 
River  and  Wormley  Creek.     It  threw   its  last  shovelfuls  of  dirt,  as 

a  regiment,  some  days  before 
the  evacuation,  in  widening  and 
elaborating  the  extreme  right  of 
this  line,  on  the  bluff  overlook- 
ing York  River 
detail  from  the 
engaged,  as  late  as  May  2,  on 
the  great  mortar  battery  (No. 
4,)  where  ten  pieces  were  being 
mounted  to  toss  13-inch  shells 
into  the  rebel  works. 

While  other  parts  of  the 
lines,  a  n  d  especially  the 
batteries  and  redoubts,  were 
screened  by  trees,  the  trenches 
on  the  right  were  in  plain  view 
of  the  rebel  bluff  batteries, 
which  kept  up  quite  a  steady 
fire  to  annoy  the  working  par- 
ties. It  was  rarely,  however,  that  a  man  was  hit,  and  in  time 
familiarity  bred  contempt.  Many  a  time  a  party  would  climb  out 
of  the  trench,  spread  a  blanket  on  the  ground  to  the  rear,  and  have 
a  sociable  game  of  cards  in  spite  of  the  rebel  shells.  One  of  these 
sittings  was  rudely  broken  up  by  a  big  shell  which  just  grazed  the 
top  of  the  parapet  and  exploding  over  the  party,  showered  it  with  a 
peck  of  unburned  powder,  more  or  less.  The  players  simply  dove 
— all  but  "  Crackie,"  who  never  lost  his  nerve,  (in  a  game.)  He 
gathered  up  the  collateral,  put  "the  [jack"  in  his  pocket,  carefully 
folded  the  blanket,  and  then  got  under  cover. 

An  immense  amount  of  work  was  also  done  in  the  construction 
of  roads  leading  up  to  and  connecting  the  batteries.  One  was 
built  along  the  shores  of  Wormley's  Creek,  the  steep,  high  banks  of 
which  afforded  protection  from  the  rebel  fire.  Not  far  below  the 
surface  of  this  part  of  the  Peninsula  is  a  geological  formation 
composed   almost  solely  of  fossil  shells,    compacted    into    a    solid 

Levi  H,  Sleeper,  Co,  I. 

(  hie  of  the  original  "Abbott  Guard,"  who 
enlisted  from  Manchester,  and  still  resides 

2  is. 



mass,  and  very  difficult  to  work  with  picks  and  shovels.  Thousands 
of  tons  of  this  material  were  tumbled  down  to  make  the  roadbed 
along  the  creek,  and  this  work  of 
McClellan's  army  will  doubtless 
remain  substantially  as  they  left  it, 
long  after  every  other  mark  of  the 
works  connected  with  the  seige 
shall  have  been  obliterated. 

A  round  of  duty  in  the  trenches 
did  not  always  mean  work  with  the 
spade.  The  completed  parallels 
were  occupied  by  a  competent 
force,  and  sometimes  were  literally 
packed  with  troops  ready  to  defend 
the  beseiging  lines  against  a  sortie. 
One  night  the  Second  lay  to  the 
rear  of,  and  outside,  the  trenches 
near  Battery  No.  2,  under  cover  of 
the  depression  where  a  little  finger 
of  Wormley's  Creek  came  up.  It 
kept  well  under  cover,  and  wide 
awake,  as  the  rebels  maintained  a 
verv  well  directed  and  sometimes 

rapid  fire  upon  that  particular  portion  of  the  lines.  One  shell  swept 
through  a  line  of  muskets  stacked  just  to  the  rear  of  a  trench, 
scattering  them  in  every  direction.  Several  shells  struck  in  the 
opposite  bank  of  the  narrow  ravine,  and  exploded  there.  It  was 
lively  enough  any  way ;  but  the  worst  was  to  come.  About  mid- 
night a  commotion  was  heard  to  the  rear,  in  the  direction  of  the 
camps,  as  if  some  mule  teams  were  stampeding  over  rough  ground, 
and  this  was  the  signal  for  an  infernal  fire  from  every  rebel  gun  that 
could  be  brought  to  bear.  It  was  the  noisiest  night  of  the  seige, 
excepting,  possibly,  the  night  of  the  evacuation. 

Another  night  (April  26)  lives  in  the  annals  of  the  Second  as 
the  occasion  when  "Old  Oil."  lost  half  his  regiment  for  an  hour. 
The  regiment  entered  the  trenches  after  dark — and  it  was  very  dark 
— and  poked  off  toward  the  left.     The  trench  was  narrow  in  places, 

Alfred  Woodman,  Co.  B. 

Resides  in  Plainfield. 



and  crowded  with  troops,  and  by  some  mistake  the  left  wing  was 
halted,  while  Marston  went  on  to  his  designated  position  with  the 
right.  In  time  he  came  back,  hunting  for  his  lost  companies,  and 
got  the  regiment  together  again.  Their  position  was  near  what  was 
popularly  termed  the  "Hungarian  battery."  There  were  reasons 
for  anticipating  an  attempt  by  the  rebels  to  surprise  this  part  of  the 
lines,  and  every  man  was  on  the  alert.  Sometime  after  midnight 
the  sound  of  rushing  feet  was  heard  out  at  the  front,  and  the  men 
cocked  their  pieces  and  crowded  up  behind  the  parapet.  The  cool 
nerve  which  always  characterized  the  regiment  was  well  applied 
here,  for  although  every  man  was  ready  and  with  his  finger  on  the 

not  a  a;un    was    fired. 




+j&  w 

The  pickets  (from  another 
regiment)  came  tumbling  over 
the  breastworks.  But  after 
waiting  a  reasonable  time,  and 
no  rebels  following,  Marston 
concluded  they  had  stampeded 
from  nothing,  and  ordered 
them  to  their  posts,  with  some 
very  pointed  directions  not  to 
come  rushing  back  on  him 
again  unless  they  had  some- 
thing to  come  for. 

For  a  short  time  after  its 
arrival  at  the  front  the  brigade 
was  afflicted  by  Gen.  Naglee's 
ambition  to  appear  "  always 
ready."  Every  morning,  before 
sunrise,  his  regiments  in  camp 
were  formed  in  line  and  held 
in  readiness  to  march  at  a 
moment's  notice.  This  was  a  great  hardship  for  men  who  were 
seeking  a  night's  rest  after  twenty-four  hours  in  the  trenches ;  and 
as  soon  as  these  buncombe  morning  parades  came  to  the  notice  of 
Gen.  Hooker,  he  ordered  them  discontinued.  And  soon  after — 
about  the  20th — Naglee  was  sent  to  afflict  some  other  command 

Charles  H,  Warren,  Co.  K. 

In  business  in  Boston,  engaged  in  the  manu- 
facture of  shoe  buttons. 



and  Brig.-Gen.  Cuvier  Grover,  a  competent  and  popular  officer, 
took  command  of  the  First  Brigade. 

By  the  opening  of  May  McClellan's  seige  guns  and  mortars  were 
in  position,  and  but  little  remained  to  do  further  than  to"cut  down 
the     screens     of    trees    on    the 
front  of  the  batteries  and  wipe 
Yorktown  from  the  face  of  the 
earth.     This,  it  is  said,  was  to 
have  been  done  on  the  morning 
of  the  6th.     But  Magruder  had 
no  idea  of  waiting  to  be  shelled 
out.      He  had  "held  up"   the 
Army  of  the  Potomac  a  whole 
month,  and  knew  when  it  was 
time   for   him   to   be    off.      He 
evacuated    Yorktown     on    the 
night  of  the  3d,  and  retreated 
up  the  Peninsula  toward  Rich- 
mond.    During  the  first  half  of 
the  night   he  used  up   a  great 
deal  of  ammunition,  the  fire  of 
his  guns  being  rapid  and  con- 
tinuous.     But  as   this   unusual 
activity    was    suspended    soon 
after  midnight,   a  suspicion   of 
what   had   happened   ran   through    the   Union  lines.      It    was    this 
suspicion  that  assembled  many  men  of  the  Second  around  Lowe's 
balloon,  as  he  was  seen  getting  ready  to  ascend  with  the  first  break 
of  day.     The  balloon  was  let  up  a  few  hundred  feet,   Gen.   Heint- 
zelman  being  with  Lowe  in  the  basket,  and  almost  instantly  a  voice 
called  to  the  signal  officer  below:   "Telegraph  to  headquarters  that 
there  are  no  men  to  be  seen  in  the  enemy's  works,  and  that  a  body 
of  our  troops  are  advancing  on  them  as  skirmishers." 

The  news  spread  like  wildfire,  causing  the  greatest  excitement. 
It  was  not  long  before  orders  were  received  to  strike  tents  and 
pack  up  for  a  march.  There  was  no  time  to  draw  and  cook  rations, 
and  the  men  started  with  only  such  fragments  as  they  happened  to 

Luther  P,  Hubbard,  Co.  I. 

He  went  west,  soon  after  the  war,  to  grow 
up  with  Minneapolis,  and  has  long  been  con- 
nected with  the  business  management  of  the 
great  milling  establishment  of  the  Pillsburys. 


have  in  their  haversacks.  One  of  Hooker's  regiments  was  back  at 
Cheeseman's  Landing,  and  there  were  large  detachments  in  the 
trenches.  As  these  had  to  be  gathered  in,  it  was  nearly  one  o'clock 
before  the  impatient  Hooker  was  ready  to  march.  Even  then, 
Company  F  of  the  Second,  on  duty  at  Cheeseman's  Creek,  had  not 
rejoined  the  regiment,  and  were  left  behind  ;  but  as  soon  as  they 
were  relieved,  Captain  Snow  and  his  men  set  out  on  a  night  march, 
and  reported  to  Colonel  Marston  on  the  battlefield  of  Williamsburg, 
the  following  day. 

The  division  marched  up  through  the  rebel  works,  and  pushed 
forward  on  the  Williamsburg  road.  In  a  spirit  of  barbarous  warfare, 
the  rebels  had  planted  torpedoes  in  places  liable  to  be  passed  over 
by  their  pursuers,  and  several  soldiers  of  the  troops  which  preceded 
Hooker  had  been  blown  up  by  these  infernal  contrivances.  But  by 
this  time  many  of  the  unexploded  mines  had  been  located,  and 
were  marked  by  little  red  flags  or  guarded  by  sentries  stationed  to 
warn  men  from  them.  There  was  but  little  straggling  from  the 
ranks,  as  safety  lay  in  following  the  path  where  others  had  gone 

Late  in  the  afternoon,  when  about  seven  miles  from  Vorktown, 
a  half-dozen  wounded  cavalrymen  were  met  going  to  the  rear. 
Hooker  pushed  on  with  the  intention  of  supporting  Stoneman's 
cavalrv,  which  had  struck  the  rebel  line  of  defences  before  Wiliams- 
burg,  but  found  the  road  in  advance  crowded  with  the  troops  of 
Smith's  division  of  Keyes'  corps.  Hooker,  the  incarnation  of  vigor 
in  the  face  of  the  enemy,  grew  impatient  of  delay,  and  entering  a 
cross-road  at  Cheesecake  Church,  passed  over  to  the  Hampton 
road,  a  mile  to  the  left,  which  intersected  the  Yorktown  road,  on 
ahead,  near  the  place  of  the  cavalry's  engagement.  The  cross  and 
side  roads  were  in  an  execrable  condition  ;  and  to  add  to  the 
difficulties  and  discomforts  of  the  march,  it  began  to  rain,  and  a 
night  of  inky  darkness  came  on.  Hooker's  men  waded  quagmires, 
and  stumbled  over  stumps  and  roots,  until  nearly  eleven  o'clock, 
when  they  went  into  a  most  cheerless  bivouac  by  the  side  of  the 

C  H  A  P  T  K  R     V  . 

MAY     5,     1862. THE     BATTLE    OF     WILLIAMSBURG GROVF.r's    BRIGADE 








T  daylight  on  the  morning  of  the  5th  Graver's 
brigade,  with  the  First  Massachusetts  in  the 
advance,  resumed  its  march  through  the  mud 
and  in  the  rain,  the  road  traversing  a  forest  of 
large  trees  with  dense  underbrush.  It  had 
proceeded  about  a  mile  and  a  half  when  the 
head  of  the  column  encountered  rebel  pickets 
and  Hooker  at  once  made  his  dispositions  for 
a  fight.  Gen.  Grover  came  riding  back  to 
the  Second.  "  I  want  that  New  Hampshire 
company  with  patent  rifles  ;  where  are  they?" 
he  inquired.  The  company  called  for  (B), 
and  also  Company  E,  were  sent  forward  as 
skirmishers.  The  remaining  companies  filed 
to  the  right  of  the  road  and  formed  line  of 
1  tattle,  while  the  First  Massachusetts  formed  similarly  on  the  left, 
and  in  this  order,  with  the  Eleventh  and  Twenty-sixth  in  reserve, 
pushed  forward.  Soon  an  almost  impenetrable  abatis  of  felled  trees 
was  encountered,  through  and  over  which  the  skirmishers  wormed 
their  way,  driving  back  the  rebel  riflemen  who  contested  the 
advance,  until  they  reached  the  open  ground  beyond. 

The  regiment   halted  in  line   near  the   edge   of   the    standing 
timber  while  the  skirmishers  were  clearing  the  slashing,  and  here 


met  its  first  serious  casualty  of  the  day,  Uriah  W.  Cole,  of  Company 
H,  being  crushed  as  he  stood  in  the  ranks  by  a  solid  shot  from 
Fort  Magruder.  His  cries  of  agony  during  the  few  moments  he 
lived  were  heartrending.  The  line  of  battle,  in  due  time,  followed 
its  skirmishers  up  through  the  abatis  to  the  edge  of  the  clearing 
beyond  ;  which  being  accomplished,  the  Eleventh  and  Twenty-sixth 

George  C.  Emerson,  Co.  B, 

Was  taken  prisoner  in  his  first  battle,  at  Bull  Run,  July  21, 
1861.  Was  exchanged  in  season  to  start  with  the  regiment  for 
the  Peninsula,  and  was  killed  at  Williamsburg,  May  5,  1862.  He 
was  from  Candia. 

were  thrown  to  the  right  in  skirmish  formation  to  make  connection 
with  the  Yorktown  road  and  open  up  communication  with  Sumner, 
who  was  known  to  be  well  advanced  in  that  direction  and  with  a 
large  force  at  his  disposal. 

Directly  in  front  of  the  Second,  at  a  distance  of  six  or  seven 
hundred  yards,  the  Hampton  and  Yorktown  roads  came  together, 
and  there,  commanding  both  approaches,  the  rebels  had  erected  a 
powerful  earthwork  called  Fort  Magruder — the  largest  of  a  line  of 

BEFORE  FOR  T  MA  GR  UDER.  6  7 

thirteen  redoubts  extending  from  the  York  to  the  James.  Several 
field  pieces  were  in  this  fort,  which  was  embrasured  for  cannon, 
and  the  plain  on  its  front  was  dotted  with  rifle  pits  each  holding 
one  or  two  sharpshooters.  Facing  this  combination,  the  Second 
had  all  the  essentials  for  a  lively  time,  and  the  men  distributed 
themselves  behind  stumps  and  logs,  and  did  some  very  effective 
work  upon  the  rebel  gunners  and  riflemen.  Col.  Jenkins,  who  was 
in  command  at  the  fort,  testified  to  the  quality  of  the  shooting,  in 
his  official  report:  "The  enemy's  sharpshooters,  with  superior 
range  of  guns,  commanded  the  fort,  and  one  after  one  the  gallant 
men  were  shot  down,  until  1  was  compelled  to  supply  their  want 
with  infantry  from  the  Palmetto  Sharpshooters." 

An  individual  example  of  the  fine  work  done  at  this  point  was 
furnished  by  Thompson  of  Company  I.  He  was  one  of  the  charac- 
ters of  the  regiment.  One  of  his  brothers  was  killed  with  John 
Brown  at  Harper's  Ferry,  and  another  was  the  husband  of  one 
of  "  Old  Ossawattomie's "  daughters,  and  he  was  naturally  an 
abolitionist  of  the  most  pronounced  and  radical  type.  He  was  also 
a  very  handy  man  with  the  rifle.  Thompson  was  observed  to  lie 
for  several  minutes,  motionless,  his  eye  ranged  along  the  sights  of 
his  piece;  and  then  it  "spoke."  "There,"  he  grunted,  "I  plugged 
that  fellow's  head,  and  he  was  black  enough  to  be  a  nigger  !"  The 
possibility  that  he  had  missed  his  mark  never  entered  into  his 
calculations.  The  next  day,  led  by  curiosity,  one  of  the  men  went 
to  the  pit  pointed  out  by  Thompson,  and  found,  curled  up  at  the 
bottom,  a  swarthy  man  in  gray,  drilled  through  the  forehead  by  the 
unerring  bullet  of  the  keen-eyed  New  Hampshire  soldier.  Among 
the  dead  man's  effects  was  a  newspaper  printed  partly  in  the 
Cherokee  alphabet  and  language. 

The  Second  had  been  engaged  nearly  an  hour,  when,  in  the 
woods  to  the  rear,  a  bugle  was  heard  sounding  a  call,  and  in  a  few 
minutes  Webber's  regular  battery  came  up  the  road  and  went  into 
position  in  the  open  to  the  front  of  the  Second.  The  guns  in  Fort 
Magruder  at  once  directed  their  fire  upon  it ;  and  before  it  had 
fired  a  shot  most  of  the  men  abandoned  their  pieces  and  stampeded 
to  the  rear.  Many  of  them  came  back  upon  the  Second,  and  were 
not  welcomed  as  heroes  of  the  first  water.     But  soon  another  body 



of  artillerymen  were  seen  coming. 
These  were  volunteers  from  Os- 
born's  New  York  battery,  who  at 
once  took  possession  of  the  guns 
and  opened  fire.  Bramhall's  New 
York  battery  also  came  up  and 
went  bumping  over  stumps  and 
dragging  through  the  mire  to 
position  on  the  right  of  Webber. 
Within  half  an  hour  Fort  Magruder 
was  completely  silenced  ;  but  in 
one  of  the  redoubts  far  away  to  the 
left,  beyond  the  reach  of  muskets, 
there  were  two  or  three  rebel  guns 
which  kept  up  an  annoying  fire  on 
the  Second  as  long  as  it  remained 
in  this  position. 

The  New  Jersey  brigade  arrived 
on  the  field  about  eight  o'clock, 
and  the  Excelsiors  an  hour  later. 
The  Fifth  New  Jersey  was  at  once 
sent  forward  to  assist  the  Second 
in  support  of  the  artillery,  while  the  other  three  regiments  went  off 
to  the  left,  where,  several  hundred  yards  from  the  road,  a  projection 
of  the  woods  marked  the  end  of  the  slashing  in  that  direction. 
Soon  the  rattle  of  a  lively  skirmish  fire  indicated  that  they  had 
found  something.  But  with  the  fire  of  Fort  Magruder  completely 
silenced,  and  the  sharpshooters  on  their  front  in  a  very  subdued 
mood,  the  Second  now  enjoyed  for  hours  a  season  of  comparative 
tranquility.  There  was  some  shooting,  to  be  sure,  and  from  that 
redoubt  beyond  Fort  Magruder  there  came,  every  little  while,  a 
shell  or  solid  shot,  smashing  and  crashing  through  the  abatis.  But 
this  did  not  deter  the  men  from  spreading  their  pieces  of  shelter 
tent  over  limbs  and  branches  as  a  protection  from  the  beating  rain  ; 
and  some  even  nursed  up  little  fires  over  which  to  cook  a  cup  of 
coffee — raw  coffee  being  about  the  only  ration  any  of  them  had  left 
after  the  morning's  meal. 

Capt.  Evarts  W.  Fair,  Co.  G. 

Lost  right  arm  at  Williamsburg,  May  5, 
1862.  The  following  September  he  was 
commissioned  Major  of  the  Eleventh  N. 
H.  After  the  war  he  practiced  law  in 
Littleton  and  attained  prominence  in 
public  affairs.  Was  elected  to  46th  Con- 
gress, and  died  at  Littleton  November  30, 
1880,  from  the  results  of  a  cold  contracted 
in  conducting  a  successful  canvass  for 



Gen.  Hooker  and  staff  rode  up  and  out  into  the  field  toward 
the  fort,  apparently  to  get  a  better  view  of  the  plain  beyond  the 
point  of  woods  to  the  left.  A  sharpshooter's  bullet  struck  Hooker's 
horse,  and  he  at  once  dismounted  and  examined  the  animal's 
wound.  He  came  back  to  the  artillery,  and  a  change  was  made  in 
its  disposition,  some  of  the  pieces  being  advanced  to  a  point  where 
they  would  have  a  wider  range  to  the   left.     Already   there  were 

-£&ttl%  of  William &bu-rg-  - 

Jfis.  2,3anV4, 1§§  Redoubts  f row.  anc/unc/ev 
•cover  of  which  t-ke  /fcie/s  a^va^eeoT 

indications  of  a  concentration  of  rebel  troops  upon  that  flank  A 
large  force,  apparently  a  brigade,  came  out  from  under  cover  of 
Fort  Magruder,  and  moving  rapidly  by  the  flank  across  the  plain, 
were  soon  hid  from  the  Second  by  intervening  woods. 

As  time  passed,  the  fire  away  to  the  left  increased  in  intensity 
and  volume.     Longstreet,  in  command  of  the  rebel  forces,  having 



determined  to  assume  the  offensive,  sent  forward  into  the  woods 
from  the  cover  of  the  redoubts,  first  Wilcox's  brigade,  then  in 
succession  the  brigades  of  Hill,  Pryor,  and  Pickett.  The  last  of 
these  troops  were  in  position  by  eleven  o'clock,  and  from  that  time 
the  musketry  was  tremendous — a  succession  of  crashing  volleys 
with  hardly  any  intermission.     The  First  Massachusetts,  and  then 

the    Excelsior    brigade,    regiment   by 
regiment,   had  been   sent    in    to    the 
support  of  the  Jerseys,  and  Hooker, 
finding    himself    hard     pressed,    sent 
word  of  his  condition  to  Heintzelman, 
who  was  supposed  to  be  with  Sumner 
on  the  Yorktown  road.     The  cavalry- 
man carrying  the  note  was  gone  but 
twenty     minutes.        Finding     that 
Heintzelman    had  already  started    to 
join    Hooker   (but  not  by   the   short 
route    used    by    the    messenger),    he 
delivered  the  note  to  Sumner.     There 
was    much    feeling,    afterwards,    over 
what     Hooker    considered     Sumner's 
failure    to    properly    support    him    at 
this   critical   time.     For    three    hours 
and  more  the  two  brigades  stubbornly 
held   their   own    against    Longstreet's 
four.     D.  H.  Hill's  rebel  division  had 
been    hurried   back    to    Longstreet's 
assistance,    and    Johnston,   the    rebel 
commander-in-chief,    was    also    upon 
the  field  ;  but  it  looked  as  if  Hooker's  division  was  to  be  left  alone 
to  work  out  its  own  salvation.     The  crisis   became  so   acute   that 
Hooker  ordered  the   Eleventh  and  Twenty-sixth    to  the  left,  but 
through  some   misunderstanding  the  latter  regiment   remained    in 
position  near  the  Yorktown  road  until  the  following  morning. 

About  three  o'clock  it  became  apparent  to  the  anxious  men  of 
the  Second  that  the  left  was  being  driven  back.  The  Fifth  New 
Jersey,  anticipating  the  coming  storm,  was  seen  to  change  front  by 

Richard  A.  Walker,  Co.  E. 

Wounded  at  Williamsburg,  May  5, 
1862,  and  died  of  wounds  July  20.  His 
venerable  mother,  Eliza  A.  Walker, 
now,  at  the  age  of  77  years,  living  in 
Greenland,  N.  H.,  writes:  "He  was 
my  only  son,  and  the  best  boy  that 
ever  blest  a  mother.  When  he  died, 
his  father  went  to  Fortress  Monroe  and 
brought  his  body  home.  The  journey 
and  his  grief  were  too  much.  He 
never  was  well  after  that,  but  lived,  an 
invalid,  thirty  years." 



getting  into  line,  in  some  manner,  in  the  road,  near  the  left  of  the 
Second.  The  firing  steadily  advanced — out  into  the  felled  timber 
at  length.  Bullets  came  in  upon  the  Second  thicker  and  faster. 
The  Fifth  New  Jersey  fired  two  or  three  volleys,  then  disappeared 
down  the  road  in  the  woods.  The  Second  held  on  until  the  few 
men  of  its  left  who  could  get  into  position  were  hotly  engaged,  at 
close  quarters,  with  the  Ninth  Alabama  and  other  rebel  troops. 
Not  only  was  that  network  of  felled  trees  swarming  with  the  enemy, 
but  a  regiment  (the  Twenty-eighth  Virginia)  came  up  along  the 
edge  of  the  field,  crouching  under  cover  of  the  abatis.  The  artille- 
rymen were  driven  from  their  guns,  and  the  Second  was  in  this 
advanced  position,  alone,  unsupported,  and  flanked.  It  had  two 
military  alternatives — either  to 
change  front  so  as  to  present  a 
fighting  face  to  the  enemy,  or 
to  get  out.  Entangled  as  it 
was,  the  first  movement  was 
utterly  impossible  :  so  the  men 
were  directed  to  get  back  to 
the  edge  of  the  woods  and 
there  re-form  the  regimental 
line.  This  meant  the  abandon- 
ment of  the  artillery,  but  there 
was  no  help  for  it.  In  fact,  the 
guns  were  so  badly  mired,  and 
so  many  horses  killed,  that  the 
rebels  were  able  to  carry  off 
but  four  of  the  twelve  pieces. 
It  is  also  claimed,  and  is  prob- 
able, that  the  fire  from  Peck's 

William  H.  Morrill,  Co.  E. 

One  of  Col.  Marston's  little  squad  of  towns- 
men in  the  Second,  being  from  Exeter.  He 
was  killed  at  Williamsburg,  May  5,  1862. 

brigade  of  Keyes'  corps,  which  came  into  position  far  to  the  right, 
near  the  Yorktown  road,  interfered  with  the  removal  of  the  guns. 

As  soon  as  the  regiment  was  re-formed  it  was  marched  to  the 
left,  across  the  road,  and  with  its  right  resting  thereon,  deployed  as 
skirmishers  ;  the  purpose  being  to  flank  the  flank  movement  of  the 
enemy.  Away  it  went  by  the  left  flank,  stretching  out  like  a  great 
elastic  band,  until  Hooker  had  a  long,  thin  skirmish  line  facing  the 



enemy.  It  was  not  a  parade  ground  deployment,  men  dropping 
off  at  irregular  intervals,  sometimes  singly,  and  quite  as  often  in 
little  bunches  ;  but  it  covered  a  great  deal  of  ground,  and  was  as 
full  of  fight  as  a  swarm  of  hornets. 

Ordered  to  advance  and  keep  covered  as  much  as  possible,  the 
line  went  forward  and  was  soon  engaged  in  a  fierce  bushwhacking 
fight.  For  two  hours  there  was  maintained  over  that  ground  one  of 
the  most  remarkable  contests  in  the  whole  history  of  the  war.  The 
line  established    by   the  Second  was  reinforced   by  men   from   the 

broken  regiments  of  the 
division,  and  such  volunteers 
were  bound  to  be  the  very 
best  of  fighting  material.  It 
comprised  the  self-assorted 
pick  from  several  regiments, 
after  all  who  had  got  enough 
of  it  had  been  sifted  to  the 
rear,  and  it  may  well  be 
questioned  whether  another 
line  was  ever  formed  during 
the  war  with  so  large  a  pro- 
portion of  desperate,  hangdog 
fighters  as  was  there  brought 

There  could  be  but  little 

Nathaniel  F.  Lane,  Co.  A. 

Killed  at  Williamsburg,  May  5,  1862 

concert    of  movement   along 

such  a  line.  Every  man  was 
fighting  on  his  own  hook, 
dodging  from  tree  to  tree  through  the  thick  underbrush.  Little 
parties  got  together  and  pushed  forward  in  quest  of  adventure. 
Squads  of  Union  and  rebel  soldiers  sometimes  passed  in  the  thick 
brush  before  discovering  each  other's  presence.  Hand-to-hand 
encounters  were  frequent.  Quite  a  number  of  prisoners  were 
harvested.  Little  Dickey,  the  shortest  man  of  Company  I,  gath- 
ered one  in.  He  told  how  he  did  it,  that  night,  over  the  camp  fire  : 
"  I  had  drifted  over  toward  the  left,  and  got  behind  a  big  tree.  I 
peeked  around  it,  first  one  side,  then  the  other,  but  couldn't  see 


anything,  so  I  started  for  another  about  two  rods  ahead,  and  just  as 
I  jumped,  out  came  a  Johnny  Reb.  from  behind  that  very  tree,  on 
his  way  to  mine.  I  guess  it  was  a  surprise  party  all  'round,  and  I 
know  my  heart  was  in  my  mouth,  I  was  so  scared.  I  had  just 
strength  enough  to  get  my   gun  up   to    my  shoulder    and    holler, 

'  Drop  that  gun,  you ,  and  come  in  ! '  and  he  dropped  it 

and  came." 

Lieutenant  Dave.  Steele,  of  Company  G,  was  out  with  a  little 
squad  of  men,  when  he  suddenly  ran  up  against  a  bunch  of  rebels 
of  twice  his  own  number. 
1  )ave.  was  of  that  class  so 
often  heard  of,  but  so  rarely 
met,  a  man  absolutely  fear- 
less, and  who  actually  enjoyed 
a  fight.  Without  a  moment's 
hesitation  he  dashed  right  in 
among  the  rebels,  swinging 
his  sword  and  shouting  with 
stentorian  voice,  "  Surrender, 
you  d — d  cusses,  or  I'll  blow 
you  to  h — 1  !  "  Uave.'s  sword 
was  not  loaded,  but  they 
were  sufficiently  impressed 
by  his  great  stature,  his  flow- 
ing red  mustache,  and  his 
reckless  self-reliance,  and 
surrendered  on  the  instant. 

More  tragic  than  this 
encounter  was  the  one  in 
which  Corporal  John  A.  Hartshorn,  of  Company  G,  lost  his  life. 
Pmcountering  three  rebels  in  the  thick  brush,  he  shot  one,  bayo- 
netted  another,  and  was  himself  shot  dead  by  the  third,  the  whole 
tragedy  being  enacted  in  but  a  few  seconds.  The  only  eyewitness, 
so  far  as  the  writer  has  information,  was  Colonel  Cowdin,  of  the 
First  Massachusets,  although  there  may  have  been  others.  The 
next  day  the  three  brave  men  were  found  lying  together,  as  they 
fell.     This  was  Hartshorn's  first,  as  well  as  last,  battle,  he  having 

Alexander  Lyle,  Co.  G. 

Killed  at  Williamsburg,  May  5,  1862.     Was 
from  Peterborough.     Born  in  Scotland. 



been  detained  in  hospital,  against  his  vigorous  protests,  when  the 
regiment  marched  to  Bull  Run. 

Sergeant  Enoch  G.  Adams,  of  Company  D,  caught  a  bullet  in 
the  neck,  and  started  to  carry  it  to  the  rear.  With  his  hands  to 
his  head,  and  covered  with  blood,  he  ran  up  against  Captain  Sayles, 

who  did  not  recognize  him. 
"Who  is  this?"  inquired 
the  captain.  "  It's  I  !" 
came  the  sputtering  reply. 
"But  who  is  I?"  persisted 
the  captain.  The  sergeant 
was  indignant  at  this  refusal 
o  know  him.  He  did  not 
appreciate  the  change  the 
gashing  tide  had  wrought 
in  his  general  appearance. 
"  It's  /.'"  he  roared  with 
renewed  emphasis — "I  J — 
Adams  ! — Sergeant  Adams  ! 
— hang  it,  Cap'n,  don't  you 
know  your  own  Ada  ins  .?" 

The  rebels  made  several 
determined  attempts  to 
crush  with  a  solid  line  of 
battle  the  front  which  was 
so  tenaciously  holding  them 
at  bay.  Then  there  was 
music,  and  the  old  woods 
rang  with  the  steady  roar  of 
musketry.  The  only  effect  of  these  sallies  was  to  push  back  the 
protuberances,  straighten  up  the  line  for  the  time,  and  weld  the 
whole  mass  together.  There  was  a  well  denned  zone  in  those 
woods,  beyond  which  the  men  would  not  be  pushed.  When  they 
reached  that  point  they  held  on  with  grim  tenacity  and  refused  to 
be  crowded  farther. 

Towards  five  o'clock  the  pressure  was  terrible.  Longstreet  had 
just  put   in   Colston's   brigade   and  two   regiments  of  Early's,  from 

Corpl.  John  A.  Hartshorn,  Co.  G, 

Killed  at  Williamsburg,  May  5,  1862,  in  hand- 
to-hand  encounter  with  three  rebels.  Son  of  Dea. 
John  and  Susannah  P.  Hartshorn,  and  was  born 
in  Lyndeborough,  July  14,  1840.  His  great-grand- 
fathers on  both  sides  were  soldiers  in  the  Revolu- 
tion, and  a  grandfather  in  the  War  of  1812. 
Devout,  conscientious,  and  fearless,  he  was  of  the 
type  of  the  old  Cromwellian  "  Ironsides." 



Hill's  corps,  and  perhaps  other  troops.  Fort  Magruder  had  again 
opened  fire,  and  was  sweeping  the  road  with  its  shells.  Smith's 
New  York  battery  had  got  up  and  was  posted  near  the  right  of  the 
line — two  of  its  guns 
in  the  road  with  their 
wheels  sunk  deep  in 
the  mud  —  and  was 
g  i  v  i  n  g  the  enemy 
canister  in  return  for 
the  rifle  bullets  with 
which  they  were  show- 
ering it.  Many  of  the 
men  had  exhausted 
their  ammunition,  and 
none  had  more  than  a 
few  rounds  left.  It 
was  a  crisis,  and 
everything  depended 
upon  holding  that  line 
just  a  little  longer. 
Hooker,  G rover  and 
Heintzelman  were 
hurrying  from  point  to 
point,  cheering  and 
encouraging  the  men. 
Hooker  w  a  s  coated 
with  mud  from  head 
to  foot,  having  been 
thrown  from  the  sec- 
ond horse  shot  under 
him  that  day.  Old 
Heintzelman  was  at  a  white  heat.  He  rode  furiously  here  and 
there.  "  Give  it  to  'em  !  Pile  'em  up  !  "  he  shouted.  Some  of 
the  men  told  him  they  were  out  of  ammunition.  "  If  you  have  n't 
got  any  powder,  shout,  hooray,  make  a  noise,  do  something  !"  he 
replied.  A  little  knot  of  musicians  got  together  and  were  brought 
well  up  towards  the  line.     "  Go  to  tooting  on  your  old  trumpets — 

Lieut,  Enoch  George  Adams,  Co,  D. 

Entered  the  service  from  Durham  as  private  in  Co.  D. 
Promoted  sergeant:  severely  wounded  at  Williamsburg; 
promoted  second  lieutenant  August  i*  1862.  April  30, 
1864,  he  was  commissioned  captain  First  U.  S.  Vols.,  and 
was  mustered  out  of  the  service  at  Fort  Leavenworth, 
Kansas,  Nov.  27,  1865.  Brevetted  major  for  gallantry. 
From  May  to  September,  1865,  was  in  command  at  Fort 
Rice,  Dakota,  as  ranking  officer  of  the  three  regiments 
comprising  its  garrison.  After  leaving  the  service  he  spent 
many  years  on  the  Pacific  coast,  being  Register  of  Lands, 
under  appointment  of  President  Grant,  at  Vancouver,  and 
publishing  a  newspaper  there.  Has  now  settled  quietly 
upon  a  farm  in  Berwick,  Maine. 



Yankee  Doodle — Dixie — anything — blow  away  !  "  shouted  Heint- 
zelman.  Then  he  was  back  with  the  men  :  "  Hooray  !  Richmond 
taken  !  Reinforcements  are  close  at  hand — be  here  in  fifteen 
minutes  !  Give  it  to  'em  !  "  The  band  struck  up  with  a  discordant 
energy  never  equalled  outside  a  Salvation  Army  parade  ;  the  men 
who  had  no  ammunition  cheered  themselves  hoarse ;  and  the  old 
general's  reckless  spirit  took  possession  of  everybody. 

Reinforcements  were,  in  fact,  close  at  hand.     Kearney's  gallant 
division,  following  Hooker's  route,  was  pushing  up  the  Hampton 

road  with  all  the  energy  bone 






f  ■  ■    .'-' 

muscle  is  capable  of 
Kearney  arrived 
with  Berry's  brigade  just  in 
the  nick  of  time.  Hooker  met 
him  close  bv  the  road,  and 
with  a  sweep  of  his  arm  was 
apparently  pointing  out  posi- 
tions. Bullets  were  whistling 
like  mad.  A  man,  going  back 
with  his  gun  at  a  "carry,"  had 
arm  and  musket  swept  away 
by  a  cannon  ball  from  Fort 
Magruder  just  as  he  passed 
the  two  generals. 

The  head  of  Berry's 
column  halted  a  little  distance 
to  the  rear  to  close  up  the 
trailing  ranks.  Soon  its  lead- 
ing regiment  was  seen  forming  right  forward  into  line  by  company ; 
and  when  the  line  came  up  in  solid  array,  many  men  of  the  Second, 
determined  to  see  the  show  to  the  end,  borrowed  a  few  cartridges 
and  went  in  with  it. 

The  rebels  were  now  steadily  pressed  back,  and  in  a  short  time 
the  battle  was  over.  The  most  determined  stand  was  made  at  the 
very  edge  of  the  felled  timber  on  the  left  of  the  road,  and  was  a 
matter  of  necessity  rather  than  of  choice  on  the  part  of  the  rebels. 
An  unfortunate   portion  of  their  line  was  here  caught  between  a 

Charles  E.  Putnam,  Co.  H. 

Killed  at  Williamsburg,  May  5,  1 
from  Claremont. 

52.    He  was 



relentless  enemy  pressing 
their  front,  and  the  abatis 
crossing  their  rear,  so 
impenetrable  as  to  prevent 
the  rapid  retirement  their 
desperate  fortunes  n  o  w 
demanded.  They  had  the 
advantage  of  an  old  rifle 
pit  of  revolutionary  date, 
which  still  afforded  a  very 
good  cover,  and  behind 
which  they  made  a  brave 
stand  until  flanked  by  the 
Thirty-eighth  New  York, 
which  charged  up  the  road, 
at  the  same  time  the  impa- 
tient mass  on  their  front 
rushed  in  and  helped  close 
up  the  affair. 

For  the  rebels,  that 
narrow  strip,  only  two  or 
three    rods    wide,   between 

Capt.  Leonard  Drown,  Co,  E, 

The  first  commissioned  officer  from  New  Hamp- 
shire killed  in  battle  in  the  war.  He  was  shot  at 
Williamsburg  under  circumstances  of  exasperating 
treachery  set  forth  by  Colonel  Marston  in  his  official 
report.     He  was  from  Fisherville  (now  Penacook.) 

the  trench  and  the  abatis,  was  the  slaughterpen  of  the  battlefield. 
In  no  other  position  were  their 

The  Fatal  Bullet, 

The  above  is  a  representation  of  the 
bullet  that  killed  Captain  Drown.  Passing 
through  his  neck,  it  lodged  in  the  arm  of 
Charles  F.  Holt,  of  Co.  G,  from  which  it 
was  extracted  by  the  surgeon. 

dead  found  lying  in  such  ghastly 
array,  all  the  result  of  a  few 
minutes'  close  work.  And  for 
some  distance  beyond  the  abatis 
was  dotted  with  the  dead  and 
wounded  who  were  shot  down 
in  endeavoring  to  escape 
through  that  terrible  entangle- 
ment. In  the  grand  round-up 
that  abatis  cost  the  rebels  more 
good  men  than  it  had  cost  their 
opponents  earlier  in  the  day. 
Right  here   the   Second  lost 



several  of  its  best  men ;  among  others,  Corporal  Bush,  of  Company 
C,  a  veteran  of  the  Mexican  War.  Here,  the  following  morning, 
was  found  a  Second    man   who  had   met  his  death  in  a    singular 

manner.  He  wore  a 
"bullet-proof"  vest  some- 
what in  vogue  just  at  that 
time — an  ordinary  looking 
garment  covering  two  thin 
plates  of  steel  in  the  breast. 
A  rebel  had  evidently  made 
a  desperate  lunge  at  him 
with  a  bayonet,  the  point 
of  which,  striking  well 
around  to  the  side,  glanced 
along  the  steel,  cutting  the 
cloth  in  its  course,  until 
passing  between  the  plates 
at  their  junction,  it  deeply 
pierced  the  soldier's  breast. 
The  Second  was  assem- 
bled upon  its  colors,  and 
marching     back     about     a 

Killed  at  Williamsburg  by  the  same  volley  and        mile,      went      into      bivouac, 
within  a  few  feet  of  Captain  Drown.  .  .    . 

wet,  weary,  and  witnout 
rations.  The  day's  work  had  cost  the  regiment  one  hundred  and 
three  men.  Sixteen  were  killed,  sixty-eight  wounded  (six  mortally), 
and  nineteen  captured  or  missing.  The  only  commissioned  officer 
killed  was  Captain  Leonard  Drown,  of  Company  E.  Captain 
Evarts  W.  Farr,  of  Company  G,  lost  his  right  arm.  He  was  aiming 
his  revolver,  when  a  bullet  struck  his  arm,  shattering  the  bone. 
Coolly  picking  up  the  revolver  with  his  uninjured  hand,  he  made 
his  way  to  the  rear.  Lieutenant  Samuel  O.  Burnham,  of  Company 
C,  received  a  severe  wound  in  the  foot,  permanently  crippling  him, 
so  that  he  was  transferred  to  the  Veteran  Reserve  Corps. 

The  Second  Regiment  had  no  reason  to  be  ashamed  of  its 
record  here  made.  Its  good  conduct  was  fully  recognized  by 
General  Heintzelman  in  his  official  report:   "In  General  Grover's 

Charles  E.  Peaslee.  Co.  G. 



brigade    most  of    the  regiments  did    very  well — the  Second  New 
Hampshire  particularly  so,  and  it  suffered  greatly." 

But  few  battles  of  the  war  were  productive  of  harsher  criticisms 
of,  or  more  bitter  criminations  between,  high  officers  than  this, 
both  Hooker  and  Heintzelman,  in  their  official  reports,  plainly 
intimated  that  Sumner — the  senior  officer  upon  the  field  until 
McClellan's  arrival  late  in  the  day — did  not  support  Hooker  as  he 
could  and  should.  To  which  Sumner  replied  that  he  sent  Kearney 
to  Hooker's  assistance  as  soon  as  he  learned  he  was  in  need. 

"  Historv  will  not  be  believed,"  wrote  Hooker,  "  when  it  is  told 
that  the  noble  officers  and  men  of  my  division  were  permitted  to 
carry  on  this  unequal  struggle  from  morning  until  night  unaided,  in 
the  presence  of  more  than  thirty  thousand  of  their  comrades  with 
arms  in  their  hands.     Nevertheless,  it  is  true." 

A  study  of  the  positions  of  troops  shows  the  probability  that 
had  other  generals  shown  half 
the  energy  and  soldierly  judg- 
ment that  Hooker  did  in  getting 
at  the  retreating  enemy,  he 
might  have  been  completely 
overwhelmed  and  routed.  As  it 
was,  the  battle  of  Williamsburg 
was  in  its  essential  features  a 
rebel  victory.  Longstreet  not 
only  performed  his  duty  as  rear 
guard  by  holding  the  pursuers 
at  bay  all  day,  while  the  rest 
of  the  army  and  its  impedimenta 
were  making  their  way  up  the 
Peninsula,    but    he    came    very 

Corpl.  John  H,  Mace,  Co.  B. 

Now  resides  in  Boston.  In  a  communica- 
tion to  a  Boston  newspaper,  some  time  ago, 
he  gave  a  version  of  the  band  incident  as  it  came  under  his  observation:  "  The  band  episode 
that  the  writer  witnessed  happened  about  four  o'clock  in  the  afternoon.  During  a  charge  which 
was  made  in  the  woods  on  the  left  of  the  road,  the  writer  secured  a  couple  of  prisoners  and 
started  back  to  the  rear  with  them.  I  had  not  gone  far  when  some  artillery  came  dashing  to  the 
rear  on  the  gallop.  Many  troops  who  were  lying  about,  waiting  for  ammunition,  seeing  the 
artillery  going  to  the  rear,  thought  a  retreat  was  in  order,  and  started  to  the  rear  also.  General 
Heintzelman,  seeing  the  men  running  to  the   rear,  drew  his  sword,  and,  waving  it  above  his 

head,  cried  out  with  a  nasal  twang:  'Halt!   halt!  you !   Halt!'     Thinking   he   would 

like  to  question  the  prisoners,  I  stood  near  him.  On  seeing  me  he  pointed  to  the  flying  troops 
and  said:  'Shoot  the !  Shoot  'em!'  At  this  moment  some  members  of  a  band  hap- 
pened along.  On  seeing  them  he  cried:  '  Halt  there!  halt!  Give  us  Vankee  Doodle  or  some 
other  —  doodle!'  The  band  struck  up  a  national  air  (not  Yankee  Doodle),  which  had  the 
desired  effect." 



George  G.  Davis,  Co.  A. 

Was  severely  wounded  at  battle  of  Williamsburg,  leading  to  his  discharge 
for  disability  the  following  September.  Settled  in  Marlborough,  where  he  has 
been  successfully  engaged  in  manufacturing,  mercantile  and  other  business 
interests.  Fifteen  years  town  clerk,  twenty  years  town  treasurer,  three  terms 
as  county  commissioner,  aide-de-camp  on  Gov.  Currier's  staff,  and  terms  in 
the  state  senate  and  house  of  representatives,  are  among  the  political  honors 
that  have  fallen  to  him. 

near  utterly  routing  one  division  of  the  pursuing  forces.  The  most 
important  factor  in  preventing  this,  after  two  brigades  had  been 
overwhelmed,  was  the  staying  quality  of  what  one  of  the  rebel 
prisoners  termed  "  the  New  Hampshire  squirrel  hunters." 

It  is  stating  it  very  mildly  to  say  that  Hooker's  men  were 
astounded  when  they  learned  from  McCUellan's  dispatches  that  he 
had  treated  Hancock's  little  affair  on  the  right — brilliant  and 
soldierly,  as   Hancock's  movements  always  were,  but  still  only  an 


episode — as  the  battle  of  Williamsburg,  with  Hooker's  all-day  fight 
and  loss  of  sixteen  hundred  men  as  a  side  show.  He  did,  six  days 
after  the  battle,  for  the  first  time,  "  bear  testimony  to  the  splendid 
conduct  of  Hooker's  and  Kearney's  divisions  ;  "  but  he  was  not  so 
tardy  in  self  laudation— in  ascribing  to  his  own  belated  arrival  at 
the  front  some  power  of  saving  grace,  and  results  in  which  he  really 
had  about  as  much  active  instrumentality  as  the  mummified  cats  in 
an  Egyptian  necropolis.  Witness  his  dispatch  to  General  Franklin 
on  the  night  of  the  battle  :  "  I  found  great  confusion  here,  but  all 
is  now  right.  *  *  *  We  have  made  a  tangent  hit.  I  arrived  in 
time."  And  to  Secretary  Stanton,  May  9th  :  "  Had  I  been  one-half 
hour  later  on  the  field  on  the  5  th  we  would  have  been  routed  and 
would  have  lost  everything." 

Colonel  Marston's  Official  Report. 

Sir:  I  have  the  honor  to  report  the  part  taken  by  the  Second  Regiment  New  Hampshire 
Volunteers  in  the  battle  of  Williamsbuig  on  the  5th  instant.  We  arrived  before  the  strong 
works  which  the  enemy  had  erected  in  front  of  Williamsburg  and  within  range  of  his  guns  about 
5.30  a.  m.,  preceded  by  the  First  Massachusetts  Volunteers,  and  followed  by  the  Eleventh 
Massachusetts  Volunteers  and  Twenty-sixth  Pennsylvania  Volunteers.  Company  E,  Captain 
Drown,  and  Company  B,  Lieutenant  Boyden  (Captain  Colby,  of  Company  B,  being  seriously  ill 
at  Camp  Winfield  Scott),  were  immediately  deployed  as  skirmishers  in  the  fallen  timber  on  the 
left  of  the  road  by  which  we  advanced.  The  remaining  companies  (seven)  formed  in  line  of 
battle  in  the  wood  and  on  the  right  of  the  road,  the  left  resting  thereon.  About  7.15  a.  m.  I  was 
ordered  by  General  Hooker  to  advance  the  line  through  the  fallen  timber  about  250  yards  to  the 
margin  thereof  and  there  shelter  the  men  from  the  enemy's  fire  as  much  as  possible,  and  be 
prepared  to  support  the  batteries  under  Major  Wainwright,  which  were  about  to  be  placed  in 
position  in  front  of  us.  We  remained  in  that  position  for  more  than  six  hours,  constantly  under 
fire  of  the  enemy's  batteries,  and  the  rain  all  the  while  falling  in  torrents.  I  am  sure  no  veteran 
soldiers  could  have  endured  the  discomforts  and  the  dangers  of  those  six  long  hours  with  more 
courage  and  cheerfulness  than  did  the  officers  and  men  of  the  Second  Regiment  of  New  Hamp- 
shire Volunteers.  Companies  E  and  B,  who  had  been  deployed  as  skirmishers  in  the  morning, 
quickly  chased  the  skirmishers  of  the  enemy  from  the  fallen  timber,  and  then  from  the  rifle  pits,, 
and  finally  into  their  fortifications.  They  then  directed  their  attention  to  the  cannoneers  of  the 
enemy,  and  so  unerring  was  their  aim  that  the  fire  of  the  batteries  was  very  much  enfeebled,, 
and  sometimes  completely  silenced. 

Captain  Snow,  Company  F,  who  had  been  on  detached  service  at  Cheeseman's  Creek,, 
arrived  about  1  o'clock  p.  m.,  having  marched  all  night  to  join  his  regiment.  For  several  hours' 
the  fire  of  musketry  had  been  very  heavy  in  the  wood  some  half  a  mile  or  more  on  the  left  of  the 
road,  and  in  advance  of  the  position  I  occupied  in  the  fallen  timber.  Sometimes  the  fire  seemed 
to  advance  and  again  to  recede,  and  we  were  doubtful  how  the  day  was  going  in  that  part  of  the 
field.  About  3  o'clock  p.  m.  the  fire  of  the  enemy  suddenly  increased  on  the  left,  and,  appar- 
ently advancing  indicated  that  the  left  was  about  to  be  turned. 

As  it  was  impossible  to  change  front  in  the  fallen  timber  where  we  lay  and'preserve  any 
formation  whatever,  I  got  the  regiment  out  of  the  brush  and  moved  across]  the  road  by  the  left 
flank,  to  aid  in  driving  the  enemy  back,  where  our  troops  seemed  to  be  very  hardly'pressed. 
The  regiment  had  become  very  much  broken  in  making  its  way  through  the  almost'impenetrable 



thickets  in  which  we  had  lain  for  so  many  hours.  Other  regiments  were  in  the  same  condition, 
but  every  man  that  had  a  musket  to  fire  went  into  the  tight  with  whatever  regiment  or  company 
he  happened  to  fall  in  with,  and  so  continued  until  night  put  an  end  to  the  contest.  Captain 
Drown  had  collected  a  company  composed  of  his  own  men  and  those  of  other  regiments,  and 
bravely  led  them  on  to  a  body  of  the  enemy,  firing  his  revolver  and  cheering  on  his  men,  when 
the  rebel  barbarian  in  command  exhibited  a  white  flag,  and  cried  out  to  him,  "  Don't  fire,  don't 
lire;  we  are  friends,"  at  the  same  time  directing  his  men  to  trail  their  arms.  Captain  Drown, 
believing  they  were  about  to  surrender,  directed  his  men  not  to  fire,  whereupon  the  whole  body 
of  the  enemy  suddenly  fired  upon  him,  killing  him  instantly,  and  also  several  of  his  men.  There 
•was  no  braver  man  in  the  service  of  the  country  than  Captain  Drown,  no  truer  patriot,  no 
citizen  more  conscientious  and  upright. 

There  were  4  field  and  staff  officers,  26  company  officers,  and  740  non-commissioned  officers 
and  privates  present  in  the  engagement  belonging  to  the  Second  Regiment  New  Hampshire 
Volunteers,  of  whom  16  were  killed,  66  wounded,  and  23  missing. 

In  concluding  this  hasty  report  I  take  leave  to  say  that  the  officers  and  men  of  my  regiment, 
notwithstanding  all  the  fatigues  and  privations  to  which  they  had  been  subjected,  were 
throughout  the  day  of  battle  not  only  uncomplaining  but  cheerful,  and  apparently  anxious  for 
nothing  but  the  opportunity  to  do  their  country  in  the  day  of  battle  all  the  service  in  their 

1  am,  respectfully,  your  obedient  servant, 

Lieut.  Joseph  Hibbekt,  Jr., 

Acting  Assistant  Adjutant-General. 










N  the  morning  of  the  6th  troops  began  to  pour 

up    the    road     towards     Williamsburg,    and 

during  the  day  Graver's  brigade   moved  up 

out  of  the  woods  and  went  into  camp  on  the 

plain  in  front  of  Fort  Magruder.     The  burial 

of  the  dead  commenced  the  same  day.     Most 

of  those  from  the  Excelsior  and  New  Jersey 

brigades  were  collected  and  interred  in  long 

trenches.     This  could  not  well  be  done  with 

the  dead  of  Graver's  brigade,    as    they    were 

widely  scattered,  upon  every  portion  of  the 

field.     Several  days  were  spent  at  this  duty, 

in  gathering  arms  and  equipments,  and  burning  the  felled  timber, 

and     then    the    brigade   moved    up    nearer    the    city,    the    Second 

Regiment  camping  in  a  field  close  to  William  and  Mary  College. 

Gen.  Graver  was  appointed  military  governor,  and  the  brigade 
performed  provost  duty  for  some  time,  while  the  army  was 
advancing  up  the  Peninsula.  May  15th  the  brigade  was  relieved 
by  a  cavalry  detachment  and  marched  to  rejoin  the  army.  The 
roads,  cut  and  churned  by  the  feet  and  wheels  of  two  armies,  were 
in  a  frightful  condition,  especially  where  they  led  through  the 
sloughs  and  morasses  of  the  Chickahominy  swamp. 

The  first  day's  march  covered  about  sixteen  miles,  and  on  the 
following  day,  after  a  march  of  ten  miles,  the  brigade  joined  its 



The  Surgeon  and  his  Assistants.      No.  1, 

From  Photograph  taken  at  Bladensburg in  August,  iSbl. 

i — A  civilian  named  Leach,  servant  of  Dr.  Hubbard. 

2 — John  C.  W.  Moore,  Co.  B.  Was  promoted  to  Asst. -Surgeon  Eleventh  N.  H.,  Jan.  3,  1863. 
Was  from  Concord,  and  now  a  practicing  physician  there. 

3 — James  W.  Blake,  Co.  D.  The  ambulance  driver,  full  of  fun,  mischievous  as  a  monkey,  a 
good  banjo  player  and  singer — 'the  life  of  the  hospital.     Familiarly  known  as  "  Wes." 

4 — John  Sullivan,  Jr.,  Co.  E.  [See  page  21.]  At  close  of  the  war  settled  in  Boston  as  a 
druggist,  firm  of  Sullivan  &  Lotz,  and  retired  a  few  years  ago  on  a  competency. 

5 — George  H.  Hubbard,  Surgeon.     [See  opposite  page.] 

6 — Israel  Thorndike  Hunt,  Co.  D.  [See  page  13.]  Son  of  Gen.  Israel  Hunt,  of  Nashua. 
After  his  transfer  to  the  Fourth  Regiment,  he  served  under  Sherman  on  the  Port  Royal 
expedition  and  at  the  capture  of  Fernandina,  Jacksonville,  and  St.  Augustine,  Fla.,  when  he 
was  honorably  discharged  for  disability  and  returned  to  New  Hampshire.  Resided  several 
years  in  New  York  city,  and  graduating  in  medicine,  settled  in  Boston,  where  he  has  resided 
since  1871.  Has  retired  from  active  practice,  and  now  devotes  his  leisure  time  to  examining 
for  life  insurance,  being  chief  examiner  at  Boston  for  various  companies. 

7 — William  Wesley  Wilkins,  Co.  I.  Was  a  practicing  physician  in  Manchester  before  his 
enlistment.  In  September  was  appointed  Acting  Assistant  Surgeon,  U.  S.  Navy,  and  served 
on  the  blockading  squadron  until  the  fall  of  1862,  when  he  resigned.  He  was  subsequently 
Assistant  Surgeon  of  the  Tenth  N.  H.  He  was  for  many  years  one  of  the  leading  physicians 
of  Manchester,  in  which  city  he  died  September  1,  1892. 

8 — Charles  A.  Milton,  a  sergeant  of  Co.  B,  from  Hopkinton.  He  was  appointed  U.  S.  Med- 
ical Cadet  (the  second  one  appointed)  Oct.  1,  1861,  and  died  at  the  U.  S.  General  Hospital  at 
Mound  City,  111.,  in  May,  1862,  from  poisonous  virus  which  fell  on  a  scratch  on  his  wrist 
while  dressing  a  soldier's  wound. 

g — Mrs.  Mary  A.  Marden,  of  Windham.  With  Miss  Harriet  P.  Dame,  was  nurse,  cook,  and 
mother  to  everybody.  She  was  much  older  than  Miss  Dame — too  old  to  bear  the  privations 
and  hardships  of  active  campaigning,  and  got  sick  and  went  home  in  January,  1862. 


1234  56  7 

The  Surgeon  and  his  Assistants.      No.  2. 
From  Photograph  taken  at  Bladensburg in  August,  iSbi. 


1 — The  civilian  Leach,  also  appears  in  picture  on  opposite  page. 

2 — John  Kenney,  Co.  G.     A  general  utility  man,  and  not  half  as  ministerial  as  he  looks, 
now  lives  at   Milford,  engaged  in   real  estate  and  insurance  business.     Is  a  "  \ 
personally  known  to  nearly  everybody  in  New  Hampshire. 

3 — Charles  A.  Milton,  Co.  B.     He  also  appears  as  No.  8  in  opposite  picture. 

4 — George  H.  Hibbard,  Surgeon.  Was  a  physician  of  high  standing  in  Manchester.  He 
resigned  October  1,  1861,  to  accept  commission  as  Surgeon  of  Volunteers,  and  was  ordered  to 
duty  at  Tipton.  Mo.,  where  he  remained  during  the  winter  of  1861-2  in  charge  of  the  hospi- 
tals in  that  department.  In  the  summer  of  1862  he  was  ordered  to  Paducah,  Ky.,  where  he 
served  as  Medical  Director  until  the  summer  of  1864,  when  he  was  put  in  charge  of  the  great 
military  hospital  at  Troy,  N.  Y.,  where  he  remained  until  the  close  of  the  war.  After  his 
muster  out  he  resumed  private  practice  in  Lansingburg,  N.  Y.  He  soon  built  up  a  very 
good  practice,  and  was  highly  esteemed.  Everything  was  bright  and  happy  until  the  death 
of  a  beautiful  daughter.  From  that  day  he  seemed  to  lose  all  interest  in  life,  and  died  a  year 
or  more  after  his  daughter,  on  the  19th  of  January,  1876.  A  son  and  widow  who  survived 
him  are  now  both  dead. 

5 — Joseph  E.  Janvrin,  Co.  K.  [See  page  8.]  He  went  from  Exeter.  After  the  war  he  settled 
in  New  York  city,  and  after  a  time  became  an  assistant  of  Professor  Peaslee,  the  eminent 
physician  and  expert  in  diseases  of  females:  and  on  Dr.  Peaslee's  retirement  from  practice, 
he  succeeded  him.  He  has  amassed  a  large  fortune,  has  an  enormous  practice,  and  is  one 
of  the  most  prominent  physicians  in  New  York  city. 

ii — William  G,  Stark,  Co.  D.     Was   a  druggist  in   Manchester,  before  the  war,   and 
prescriptions  for  Dr.  Hubbard,  who  persuaded  Stark  to  go  with  him  in  the  Second, 
appointed  Hospital   Steward,   and  served   in   that    capacity  three   full   years,    when, 
meantime    re-enlisted,    he    was    commissioned    Assistant    Surgeon,    and    remained 
regiment  till  the  end.     He  died  at  Manchester,  November  4,  1880. 

7 — William  J.  Rahn,  Co.  I.  Served  in  the  capacity  of  ward-master  until  June  t5,  1862,  when 
he  was  appointed  Commissary-Sergeant  to  succeed  James  A.  Cook,  and  served  out  his  term 
of  enlistment  in  that  capacity. 

put    up 

He  was 


tith   the 



division,  near  New  Kent  Court  House.  The  entire  Third  Corps — 
now  reduced  to  two  divisions  by  the  detachment  of  Porter's — was 
in  the  vicinity  of  New  Kent  Court  House  and  Cumberland,  the 
latter  place  being  a  steamboat  landing  on  the  Pamunky,  a  few  miles 
below  White  House,  where  McClellan  had  established  his  base  of 

supplies,  and  from  which  he 
was  repairing  the  railroad 
toward  Richmond. 

The  17  th  was  a  day  of 
rest  for  the  brigade,  and  on 
the  1 8th  it  advanced  three  or 
four  miles,  passing  through 
New  Kent  Court  House.  On 
the  19th  the  division  moved 
to  Baltimore  Cross  Roads,  a 
distance  of  eight  or  nine 
miles,  where  it  remained 
quietly  in  camp  until  the 
afternoon  of  the  23d,  when  it 
marched  to  Bottom's  Bridge, 
on  the  Chickahominy.  The 
last  stretch  of  that  march, 
made  in  the  night,  over  a 
flooded  swamp  road,  with 
mud  and  water  knee  deep, 
was  unanimously  voted  "  the 
worst  yet." 

The    next    day    (24th) 
Hooker's  division  crossed  the 

Corpl.  George  E.  Pingree,  Co.  G. 

Wounded  at  Williamsburg,  May  5,  1862,  by  a 
volley  from  the  Fourteenth  Louisiana,  the  ball 
passing  through  his  right  forearm.  Discharged 
for  disability,  he  was  commissioned  captain  of  Co. 
G,  Eleventh  N.  H.,  with  which  he  served  until 
his  wound  assumed  so  serious  a  form  as  to  necessi- 
tate his  transfer  to  the  Veteran  Reserve  Corps. 
He  remained  in  the  service,  in  connection  with  the 
Freedmen's  Bureau,  until  January  1,  1868.  Now 
resides  at  Sioux  Falls,  South  Dakota,  where  he 
has  large  manufacturing  interests. 

river  as  support  for  a  recon- 
noissance  towards  Fair  Oaks  by  Naglee's  brigade  of  Keyes'  corps. 
Advancing  about  two  miles,  to  some  rifle  pits  upon  the  Williamsburg 
road,  it  remained  all  day  in  line  of  battle,  with  its  artillery  in 
position.  At  sunset  it  began  its  return  to  the  morning's  camp.  It 
was  already  dark  when  the  troops  struck  down  upon  the  flooded 
flats  bordering  the  river  and  began  to  wallow  across.  Light  was 
wanted,  and  there  were  men  in  that  column  equal  to  the  emergency. 



Fishing    from  haversacks   and    knapsacks    little    pieces   of    candle, 

they  lighted  and  stuck   them   in   the   muzzles   of   their    guns,    and 

almost  in  the  twinkling  of  an  eye  Graver's  brigade  blossomed  out 

into  one  of  the  finest   torchlight  parades   of  the  season.     But  as 

quickly   as   it   was   evolved,  just   as  suddenly  it  vanished   when  an 

aide,  wild  with   the  urgency  of 

his    mission,    came    ploughing 

back    from    the    head    of    the 

column,  shouting  at  the  top  of 

his    voice  :     "  Put    out     those 

devilish    candles  !  "       So    the 

men  floundered  along  as  best 

they    could    in    the    darkness, 

back  to  their  old  camps. 

The  following  day  (25th), 
leaving  the  Excelsior  Brigade 
at  Bottom's  Bridge,  the  First 
and  Third  Brigades  again 
crossed  the  r  i  v  e  r  and 
advanced  to  and  occupied 
Poplar  Hill,  an  important 
position  twelve  miles  from 
Richmond,  commanding  the 
approach  to  Bottom's  Bridge 
from  the  Charles  City  and 
Long  Bridge  roads.  Upon  the  front  was  White  Oak  Swamp,  an 
arm  of  the  Chickahominy,  traversed  by  a  small  but  practically 
fordless  stream  from  above  this  position  to  its  mouth,  and  here 
crossed  by  its  only  bridge.  Graver's  brigade  remained  here  a 
week,  literally  "in  clover" — acres  of  it. 

On  the  afternoon  of  the  30th,  and  extending  well  into  the  night, 
came  that  almost  unparalleled  storm,  but  for  which  the  battle  of 
Fair  Oaks  would  not  have  been  fought.  For  hours  the  rain  came 
in  a  deluge,  and  even  the  sodded  slopes  of  Poplar  Hill  were 
furrowed  deep  in  places  by  the  rushing  floods.  The  sluggish 
Chickahominy  was  transformed  into  a  raging  torrent,  and  its 
bordering  lowlands  were    a    turbid  sea.      But    two    corps — Keyes' 

Capt,  Ichabod  Pearl,  Co,  H. 

Was  from  Great  Falls,  and  the  original  captain 
of  Company  H.  Resigned  August  12,  1861,  He 
died  at  Somersworth  December  25,  1879. 


and  Heintzelman's — were  on  the  south  side,  with  Casey's  division 
of  the  former  advanced  to  Fair  Oaks.  Johnston  was  quick  to  see 
his  opportunity  and  act  upon  it ;  for  on  the  following  day  he  moved 
out  to  crush  the  two  corps  before  they  could  be  reinforced  from 
the  north  side.  Casey  was  overwhelmed  and  driven  back,  losing 
his  camps  and  several  pieces  of  artillery,  and  Johnston's  triumphant 
advance  was  only  checked  at  nightfall  by  Couch's  and  Kearney's 
divisions,  assisted  by  a  portion  of  Sumner's  corps,  which  with 
remarkable  promptness  and  under  extreme  difficulties  had  crossed 
the  river  on  two  bridges  built  by  the  corps  some  distance  above 
Bottom's  Bridge.  If  the  movement  against  the  Union  left  by 
Huger's  division,  which  had  formed  a  part  of  Johnston's  plan  of 
battle,  had  not  miscarried,  Hooker's  division  would  have  become 
involved  in  this  day's  fight ;  but  as  it  was,  the  men  remained 
quietly  in  their  camps,  listening  to  the  heavy  firing  on  the  right. 

The  following  morning  (June  ist)  the  Excelsior  and  New 
Jersey  brigades  were  hurried  to  the  right,  leaving  Grover's  brigade 
with  four  pieces  of  artillery  to  defend  the  Poplar  Hill  position. 
The  bridge  was  torn  up  and  the  artillery  posted  to  command  the 
crossing,  the  Eleventh  Massachusetts  deployed  as  skirmishers  along 
the  creek,  and  the  other  regiments  held  in  line  of  battle  upon  the 
hill.  They  were  not  disturbed,  however,  for  as  the  result  of  this 
day's  fight  the  rebel  forces  were  driven  back,  the  lost  positions 
recovered,  and  Johnston  had  failed  in  his  well-planned  attempt  to 
crush  the  left  wing  of  the  Union  army.  And  not  only  this,  but  he 
was  himself  severely  wounded,  and  Gen.  Robert  E.  Lee  succeeded 
to  the  command  of  the  rebel  army,  which  he  retained  until  the  final 
smash  at  Appomattox. 

On  the  3d  of  June  Grover's  brigade  marched  to  Fair  Oaks  and 
joined  the  rest  of  the  division,  at  once  relieving  the  Excelsiors  at 
the  incomplete  works  from  which  Casey  had  been  driven — the 
Second  Regiment  taking  position  immediately  to  the  left  of  the 
redoubt  on  the  Williamsburg  road.  The  country  was  still  flooded, 
large  areas  being  transformed  into  shallow  ponds,  and  the  trenches 
were  half  filled  with  water  Many  of  the  dead  were  still  unburied, 
as  were  Casey's  artillery  horses,  which  lumbered  the  ground  to  the 
rear   of  the   redoubt,  and   the  stench  was   terrible.     All  night  the 



brigade  remained  under  arms  amid  these  cheerless  surroundings. 
There  were  piles  of  cordwood  close  at  hand,  but  the  orders  were 
strict  against  building  fires.  The  best  and  only  use  that  could  be 
made  of  it  that  night  was  in  the  construction  of  cobwork  seats 
upon  which  the  men  could  roost  out  of  the  mud.  Grover  took 
extraordinary  precautions  that  his  brigade  should  not  be  caught 
napping,  and  was  continually  trudging  through  the  mud  from  one 
end  of  his  line  to  the  other  to  see  that  everybody  was  awake  and  on 
the  alert.  The  pickets  were  doing  considerable  shooting  out  at  the 
front,  and  it  was  assumed  that  the 
rebels  were  liable  to  burst  in,  as 
they  had  on  Casey,  at  almost  any 

On  the  afternoon  of  the  day 
following  its  arrival  the  brigade 
was  relieved  and  went  into  camp 
a  short  distance  to  the  rear. 
Within  a  day  or  two  the  surround- 
ings were  made  somewhat  more 
endurable  by  the  cremation  of  the 
horses  and  the  burial  of  the  dead 
soldiers  ;  the  latter  duty  being 
generally  performed  in  the  sim- 
plest manner,  by  merely  piling 
dirt  upon  the  bodies  as  they  lay. 
But  it  was  not  unusual  as  long  as 
the  army  remained  here,  to  find 
unburied  bodies  in  the  less  fre- 
quented parts  of  the  patches  of 
felled  timber. 

The  position  of  Hooker's  division  was  astride  the  Williamsburg 
road,  connecting  upon  the  right  with  Sumner,  and  on  the  left  with 
Kearney.  It  did  not  take  long  to  thoroughly  intrench  the  position, 
and  the  digging  was  merely  a  pastime  in  comparison  with  what  had 
been  done  at  Yorktown.  The  works  commenced  by  Casey  were 
completed,  and  another  redoubt  was  built,  to  the  right  of  the 
Williamsburg  road.     In  front  of  this  intrenched  line  open  ground 

Miss  Harriet  P.  Dame. 

From  a  portrait  taken  in  the  field.  A 
portrait  of  later  date,  with  biographical 
sketch,  will  be  found  elsewhere. 


















































































































































extended  for  a  distance  of  several  hundred  yards  ;  then  a  dense 
swampy  chapparel,  with  felled  trees  in  places,  backed  by  an 
irregular  line  of  woods.  A  famous  and  conspicuous  landmark  in 
this  part  of  the  field  was  the  lookout  tree,  standing  solitary  and 
alone  at  the  outer  edge  of  the  field,  from  which  the  spires  of  Rich- 
mond could  be  seen. 

The  picket  line  was  maintained  in  the  bush,  generally  advanced 
about  a  hundred  yards  from  its  edge.  Two  brigades  were  constantly 
on  duty,  in  the  trenches  and  on  picket,  the  brigades  alternating  so 
as  to  give  each  a  rest  in  camp  every  third  day.  But  the  brigade 
nominally  off  duty  was  liable  to  be  turned  out  and  double-quicked 
to  the  front  at  any  hour  of  the  night  or  day.  In  fact,  every  man  in 
the  division  was  on  a  constant  strain,  which,  aided  by  the  unhealthy 
surroundings,  swelled  the  sick  list  very  rapidly. 

About  the  middle  of  June  the  brigade  was  reinforced  by  the 
Sixteenth  Massachusetts,  which  came  up  from  Fort  Monroe  with 
full  ranks  and  new  clothes.  It  was  composed  of  excellent  material, 
and  had  a  chance  to  show  its  metal  very  soon  after  its  arrival.  On 
the  1 8th,  having  been  ordered  to  make  a  reconnoissance  to  the 
front,  Grover  sent  the  Sixteenth  forward.  They  went  in  with  all 
the  headlong  dash  of  new  troops  determined  to  make  a  record,  ran 
over  the  rebel  pickets  and  tumbled  the  picket  reserves  out  of  the 
woods  into  the  open  fields  beyond,  where  the  main  line  of  rebel 
works  brought  them  up  with  a  round  turn.  They  lost  fifty-nine 
men,  and  the  fact  that  of  these  seventeen  were  killed  shows  the 
short  range  at  which  the  fighting  was  carried  on  in  the  dense  brush. 

On  the  23d  of  June,  late  in  the  afternoon,  Hooker  advanced  his 
picket  line,  comprising  five  companies  of  the  Second  and  a  few 
Massachusetts  companies — the  Second  being  upon  the  left  and 
connecting  with  Kearney's  pickets.  There  had  been  but  very  little 
seen  of  the  rebel  pickets  during  the  day,  and  the  exact  location  of 
their  line  was  very  uncertain.  But  with  orders  to  find  and  drive  it 
as  far  as  possible,  Hooker's  men  crawled  forward  under  cover  of 
the  bushes.  So  stealthy  was  the  advance  that  the  two  lines  were 
almost  intermingled  before  they  discovered  each  other.  The  writer 
and  his  left-hand  neighbor,  Jesse  E.  Dewey,  had  the  fortune  to 
open  the  racket.     A  startled  face  suddenly  topped  a  big  bush  from 



which  they  were  greedily  sweeping  big  handfuls  of  blueberries,  and 
three  shots  were  fired  within  as  many  seconds  by  men  who  could 
almost  have  knocked  each  other  over  with  a  club,  with  the  grand 
result   of  nobody  hurt ;    but  Johnny    was    galloping    to    the    rear, 

leaving  his  accouterments 
piled  up  at  the  foot  of  a  big 
tree  against  which  he  had 
evidently  been  leaning  and 
dreaming.  Dewey's  share  of 
the  spoils  was  a  knapsack 
and  a  bottle  of  "bitters;" 
the  writer's,  a  cartridge  box 
with  Johnny  Reb.'s  initials 
neatly  tooled  on  the  outside. 
There  was  a  wild  fusilade 
for  a  few  moments,  and  the 
assailants  pushed  forward 
with  but  slight  opposition 
until  they  had  advanced 
nearly  half  a  mile  from  the 
starting  point,  when  signs 
began  to  multiply  that  it  was 
about  time  to  stop.  While 
the  right  of  the  line  was  still 
in  the  bush,  the  left  of  the 
Second  came  out  into  the 
end  of  an  open  field  extend- 
ing a  long  distance  to  the 
front.  The  line  was  halted 
to  straighten  up  and  take 
bearings,  and  the  left  files,  in  the  open  field,  closed  in  on  the  right 
to  the  cover  of  the  bushes.  It  was  evident  that  for  some  reason 
Kearney's  pickets  had  not  advanced,  and  that  the  left  of  Hooker's 
line  was  "in  the  air,"  a  half-mile  from  any  supports. 

While  these  dispositions  were  in  progress,  two  of  the  rebel 
pickets  came  into  the  field  from  the  rear,  making  for  their  lines  at 
a  dog  trot.     Some  of  the  Second  rose  from  their  concealment  and 

Frank  E.  Howe,  Co.  G. 

In  the  advance  of  pickets  in  front  of  Fair 
Oaks,  June  23,  1862,  he  started  in  with  the  line, 
but  never  came  back.  His  fate  was  a  mystery 
until  rebel  records  became  accessible  which 
showed  he  was  wounded  and  captured  and  died 
July  1.     He  was  from  Peterborough. 



called  to  them  to  "  come  in  ;"  to  which  they  paid  no  heed,  but 
side  by  side,  with  guns  at  a  "  right-shoulder-shift,"  kept  doggedly 
on  their  course.  They  were  fired  upon,  and  both  men  fell,  one 
dead,  the  other  badly  wounded.  The  wounded  man  got  upon  his 
feet  again,  came  in  slowly  and  painfully,  and  was  sent  to  the  rear 
with  Simmons,  of  Company  I,  to  assist  him.  '1  he  acquaintance  of 
these  two  men  was  strangely  renewed  several  years  after  the  war, 
when  Simmons,  travelling  upon  a  railway  train  in  Georgia,  was 
accosted  by  a  supposed  stranger  :  "  Your  name  is  Simmons,  and 
you  was  in  the  Second  New  Hampshire."  Simmons  pleaded 
guilty.  "  Well,  do  you  remember  helping  a  wounded  Johnny  to 
the  rear  at  Fair  Oaks?  I  was  the  man."  'Ihe  ex-Johnny  was 
effusive  in  his  demonstrations 
of  delight  at  the  meeting.  He 
brought  up  and  introduced  all 
his  friends  in  the  car,  and 
nothing  would  do  but  Simmons 
must  stop  off  and  be  his  guest 
for  an  indefinite  period.  He 
was  a  prosperous  planter,  and 
Simmons  spent  several  days 
with  him  and  was  treated  like 
a  prince.  The  incident  well 
illustrates  how  little  personal 
animosity  there  was  between 
the  men  who  stood  up  in  the 
war,  man  fashion,  and  tried  to 
kill  each  other. 

So  far  the  Second  had  had 
it  all  their  own  way;  but  now 
the  rebels  took  their  turn.  A 
sharp  fire  was  opened  upon  the  left  from  the  woods  directly  across 
the  field.  Probably  forty  or  fifty  of  the  Second  men  were  in 
position  to  reply,  and  had  hardly  got  fairly  to  work  when  the  rebel 
yell  was  heard  upon  the  right,  close  at  hand,  and  a  rebel  battle  flag, 
soaring  above  the  bushes  like  a  bird  of  evil  omen,  told  what  was 
coming.     The  Second  at  once  decided  that  if  the  rebels  were  going 

Corpl.  Herman  Shedd,  Co.  G, 

Killed  at  battle  of  Oak  Grove,  June  25, 
1862.  Was  from  Peterborough.  The  Grand 
Army  Post  at  Greenville,  which  is  named  for 
him,  contributes  the  above  portrait. 



to  make  such  a  fuss  over  it  they  could  have  that  little  bit  of  swamp 
and  blueberry  bushes.  That  ominous  gap  at  the  left  was  also 
troubling  them  with  a  suspicion  that  the  enemy  might  have  discov- 
ered it  and  thrust  in  a  force  to  cut  off  the  retreat.  But  they  got 
back  safely  to  the  edge  of  the  brush,  and  there  found  Col.  Cowdin 
with  several  companies  of  the  First  Massachusetts,  upon  which  they 
rallied.  "  Let  'em  come  on  now,"  exclaimed  the  fiery  old  colonel ; 
"  there  won't  half  as  many  go  back  as  come  out."  '  A  man  was  sent 
up  the  lookout  tree,  who,  though  the  target  of  sharpshooters, 
maintained  his  position  until  he  had  counted  and  reported  five 
rebel  flags  at  the  front.  But  the  rebels  contented  themselves  with 
reestablishing  their  picket  line. 

In  this  little  affair  there  were  only  four  or  five  casualties  in  the 
Second,  of  which  one  was  fatal.     Frank  E.  Howe,  who  disappeared 

with  no  definite  information  as  to 
his  fate,  is  now  known  to  have 
been  wounded  and  captured,  and 
to  have  died  July  ist. 

The  affair  of  the  23d  was  but 
the  prelude  to  a  bloodier  one  two 
days  later,  when  an  advance  in 
force  was  made  over  the  same 
ground,  u  nder  orders  from 
McClellan  to  Heintzelman  to 
drive  the  enemy's  pickets  from 
the  woods  in  his  front  in  order  to 
gain  command  of  the  cleared 
fields  still  further  in  advance. 
The  brunt  of  this  fight — known 
as  the  battle  of  Oak  Grove — was 
borne  by  Grover's  and  Sickles' 
brigades,  although  the  entire 
corps,  with  one  brigade  of  Keyes' 
and  a  part  of  Sumner's,  were  more  or  less  engaged.  Early  in  the 
forenoon  Hooker's  division  was  under  arms,  and  leaving  a  portion 
of  the  New  Jersey  brigade  in  the  intrenchments,  the  remainder  of 
the  division  marched  down  across  the  fields  to  attack  the  enemy. 

Horace  A.  Lamprey,  Co,  B. 

Wounded  at  battle  of  Oak  Grove,  June 
25,  1862,  and  died  the  following  day  on  the 
hospital  boat  "  St.  Mark."  He  was  from 



Grover's  brigade  was  upon  the  left  of  the  Williamsburg  road,  and 

its  line  of  advance  was  directly  over  the  ground   covered  by    the 

Second's  pickets  on  the  23d.     Halting 

at   the  edge  of  the   thicket,   the    First 

and  Eleventh  Massachusetts  deployed 

skirmishers   and   went   in    to   wake   up 

the  enemy — the  First  being  upon  the 

right,  with  the  Second  as  support. 

The  First  disappeared  in  the  bush, 
and  hardly  a  minute  had  elapsed 
when  there  was  a  rattle  of  musketry 
and  the  wounded  came  streaming 
hack.  Among  these  was  an  officer, 
who  had  caught  a  bullet  in  his  mouth. 
He  attempted  to  tell  General  Hooker 
something,  but  his  face  was  so  badly 
lacerated  that  his  words  were  utterlv 

Burleigh  K.  Jones,  Co.  B, 

unintelligible  :     but    his    manner    and 

Wounded  at  battle  of  Oak  Grove, 
June  25,  1862,  and  died  of  wounds  on 
hospital  boat  "  St.  Mark,"  Hampton 
Roads,  Va.,  July  i,  1862.  He  was 
from  Hopkinton. 

gestures  told  plainer  than  words  that 

the  First  was  in  a  tight  place.     That 

thev  were  having  close  work  was  indicated  by  the  prisoners  they 

were  sending  back.     Among  these  was  a  jaunty    rebel    lieutenant, 

who,  as  he  passed  General  Hooker,  gave  a  military  salute,  which 

was  promptly  and  politely  returned. 

It  was  evident  that  the  rebels  were  in  considerable  force  and 
did  not  propose  to  be  rushed  back  without  a  fight,  as  they  had 
on  the  23d.  Cowdin  called  for  reinforcements,  and  four  companies 
of  the  Second  were  sent  forward,  under  Major  Stevens,  toward  the 
left  of  the  First.  Soon  after,  Colonel  Marston  led  his  four  right 
companies  forward  to  position  on  the  right  of  the  First ;  and  the 
two  remaining  companies  were  directed  by  General  Grover  to  join 
Major  Stevens'  detachment.  The  First  had  been  gradually  closing 
on  its  centre,  to  strengthen  its  line  and  fill  the  places  of  the  killed 
and  wounded,  until,  skirmishers  and  all,  it  was  in  a  somewhat 
irregular  and  disjointed  regimental  line,  and  the  detachments  from 
the  Second  came  up  very  opportunely  to  fill  gaps  upon  either  flank. 

The  heart  of  the  fight,  it  was  apparent,  was  directly  on  the  front 



of  the  First,  and  at  the  request  of  Major  Chandler  of  that  regiment, 
Major  Stevens  deployed  Company  B  of  the  Second  in  front  of  the 
First  as  skirmishers,  and  the  line  again  advanced.  In  all  its  proud 
history  that  company  never  showed  to  better  advantage  than  on 
this  occasion.  Pushing  forward  with  surpassing  intrepidity,  the 
rapid  and  accurate  fire  of  its  breechloaders  soon  cleared  the  front 
of    a  particularly   annoying    nest    of  sharpshooters  who    had    been 

desperately  contesting  the  First's, 
advance.  But  in  doing  this 
work  it  suffered  severely,  seven- 
teen out  of  its  forty-two  men 
being  killed  or  wounded — nearly 
one-half  of  the  regimental  loss 
(38)  on  that  day.  Sergeant 
Thomas  B.  Leaver  and  Corporal 
George  H.  Damon  were  killed, 
and  Privates  Horace  A.  Lamprey, 
Patrick  H.  Henaghan,  Burleigh 
K.  Jones  and  Nelson  S.  Swett 
were  mortally  wounded.  The 
only  mortal  casualties  in  the 
regiment,  besides  these,  were 
George  Miles,  of  Company  A, 
and  Herman  Shedd,  of  Company 
G,  killed,  and  John  Brown,  of 
Company  I,  mortally  wounded. 

There  was  an  affecting  scene 
at  the  regimental  hospital,  within 
the  intrenchments,  when  the  bodies  of  Leaver  and  Damon,  who  fell 
almost  at  the  same  instant,  were  carried  back.  Harriet  Dame  was 
there,  ministering  to  the  wounded.  In  a  moment  of  leisure  she 
went  to  the  two  stark  bodies,  and  lifting  the  edge  of  the  blankets 
with  which  they  were  covered,  saw  the  faces  of  the  two  boys  who, 
from  old  acquaintance,  were  perhaps  closer  to  her  heart  than  any 
others  in  the  regiment.  "  My  God  !  "  she  gasped,  "  It  is  Tom. 
Leaver  !  "  She  had  been  a  neighbor  of  the  Leavers,  in  Concord, 
and  had  known  Tom.   from  boyhood.     With   her  own   hands   she 

Sergt.  Thomas  B,  Leaver,  Co.  B. 

Killed  at    battle   of   Oak    Grove,  July   25 
1802.     He  was  from  Concord. 



tenderly  prepared  the  bodies  for  burial,  and  saw  them  laid  in  the 
ground  at  the  foot  of  an  oak  tree  near  the  hospital. 

The  rebel  pickets  and  their  heavy  reserves  were  now  driven 
rapidly  back,  until  the  limits  of  the  previous  advance  were  reached, 
when  a  halt  was  called,  the  lines  straightened,  and  connections 
established.  Major  Stevens' 
detachment  of  the  Second 
found  itself  again  facing  that 
open  field,  at  no  point  more 
than  two  hundred  yards  in 
width  ;  and  it  was  understood 
that  the  position  was  this  time 
to  be  held  at  all  hazards. 
They  were  hardly  in  position 
when  a  rebel  regiment  was 
seen  to  enter  the  field  far  to 
the  right,  crossing  it  by  the 
flank  at  the  double-quick.  It 
disappeared  in  the  bush 
toward  the  Williamsburg  road, 
and  at  once  ran  upon  a  terri- 
ble snag  in  the  shape  of  the 
Seventh     New    Jersey.      One 

crashing  and  unexpected  volley  delivered  in  their  very  faces  settled 
the  whole  business,  and  as  the  demoralized  fragments  went  back  in 
helter-skelter  flight,  the  Second  opened  a  cross  fire  which  dropped 
many  the  Jerseys  had  spared.  This  was  the  last  serious  attempt 
made  by  the  rebels  to  recover  their  picket  line. 

The  fight  now  became  one  of  sharpshooters,  and  was  lively 
enough  to  satisfy  anybody.  In  front  of  Major  Stevens'  detachment 
the  field  was  narrow,  and  the  men  dragged  in  logs  and  anything 
else  that  would  stop  a  bullet,  and  piled  up  a  rude  breastwork  which 
doubtless  saved  many  casualties.  A  lone  chimney  midway  of  the 
field  was  taken  possession  of  by  riflemen  from  the  Second,  who 
crawled  out  through  the  grass  to  that  advanced  and  dangerous 
position.  Rebels,  wearing  broad  white  bands  upon  their  arms, 
came  out  with  stretchers  and  picked  up  their  wounded,  unmolested, 

Giorgd  Miles,  Cc,  A, 

Killed  at  battle  of  Oak  Grove,  June  25,  1862.. 
He  was  from  Fitzvvilliam. 



at  the  same  time  bullets  were  spinning  in  every  direction.  The 
most  annoying  rebel  sharpshooters  were  those  perched  in  the 
branches  of  high  trees,  generally  some  distance  back  from  their 
lines  ;  and  it  was  in  tumbling  two  of  these,  after  he  had  himself 
been  shot  through  the  left  hand,  that  Sergeant- Major  Norton  R. 
Moore  showed  his  great  nerve  and  superior  marksmanship.     Major 

Stevens  had  one  of  his 
shoulder  straps  clipped  by 
a  rebel  bullet,  and  there 
were  many  almost  equally 
narrow  escapes,  but  not 
many  men  wounded. 

Night  came  on — a  very 
dark  one,  too — but  the 
riflemen  .  kept  popping 
away,  now  shooting  at  the 
flash  of  the  enemy's  guns. 
Pickets  were  thrown  for- 
ward a  little  distance  into 
the  field,  and  a  ticklish 
position  is  was,  between 
the  two  lines  of  fire.  The 
troops  who  had  won  the 
ground  were  relieved  dur- 
ing the  night,  mainly  by 
troops  from  Couch's 
division.  The  left  wing  of 
the  Second  was  relieved  about  half-past  eleven — two  hours  after 
Colonel  Marston  and  the  right  wing  had  retired  to  the  works. 
While  the  left  wing  was  being  relieved,  and  just  as  the  two  lines 
were  doubled  up  at  the  breastwork,  the  opposite  wood  was  suddenly 
lit  up  with  a  blaze  of  musketry,  such  as  could  have  come  only  from 
a  solid  battle  line.  The  rebels  were  clearly  in  force  and  wide 
awake,  and  hearing  the  unusual  movement  on  their  front,  had  fired 
in  anticipation  of  an  attack.  On  such  an  invitation,  die  double 
line  of  Yankees  faced  to  the  front,  and  together  poured  in  one 
stunning,  deafening  volley.     It  was  the  Second's  "Good  night !  "  to 

Patrick  H,  Henaghan,  Co.  B. 

Wounded  at  battle  of  Oak  Grove,  June  2=;,  1862, 
by  a  rifle  ball  piercing  his  forehead,  and  died  the 
same  day.     He  was  from  Newmarket. 



the  rebels,  and  apparently  a  very  impressive  one,  as  there  were  no 
more  volleys  from  the  rebel  side  of  the  field  ;  but  instead,  there 
were  unmistakable  indications  of  a  panic,  the  commands  of  officers 
rallying     a  n  d     steadving 

men    being   mingled 


with  the  shrieks  and  cries 
of  the  wounded.  One 
touch  of  that  buzz  saw  was 
all  the  enemy  wanted. 

The  Second,  again 
united,  rested  until  morn- 
ing in  the  works.  But  the 
morning  light  revealed  an 
exasperating  condition  of 
affairs  at  the  front.  The 
farther  edge  of  the  field 
was  blue  with  masses  of 
troops,  which  it  was  soon 
discovered  were  simply 
stragglers  who  had  sneaked 
back  from  the  advanced 
lines  during  the  night.  It 
looked  very  much  as  if  the 
position  which  it  had  cost 
five  hundred  men,  killed 
and  wounded,  to  secure, 
had  been  absolutely  aban- 
doned in  the  night.  Officers  of  high  rank  were  included  in  these 
cowardly  backsliders.  One  (a  lieutenant-colonel  with  an  elaborately 
braided  uniform),  was  within  a  hundred  feet  of  Casey's  redoubt, 
snugly  curled  up  under  some  wheeled  vehicle.  .  Out  stalked  Dave. 
Steele,  and  seizing  the  skulker  by  the  feet,  unceremoniously  dragged 
him  forth.  The  officer  planted  himself  upon  the  dignity  of  his 
rank,  but  when  Dave,  met  him  with  a  list  of  his  own  official  titles, 
past,  present,  and  future,  military,  civic,  and  mythical,  ending  with 
an  ominous  flourish  of  his  long  arms  and  a  thunderous  order  to 
"  Git ! ' '  the  skedaddler  sneaked  off  amid  the  jeers  of  the  men  who 

Corpl.  George  H.  Damon,  Co.  B. 

Killed  at  battle  of  Oak  Grove,  June  25,   1862. 
enlisted  from  Fisherville  (now  Penacook). 



lined  the  works.  As  soon  as  the  situation  was  understood,  several 
companies  were  deployed  well  in  advance  of  the  intrenchments, 
which  no  one  passed,  coming  in,  unless  he  could  show  good  reason. 
A  hundred  men  were  also  detailed  from  the  Second  to  go  out  and 
cut  down  some  trees  by  the  Williamsburg  road ;  but  before  noon 
the  regiment  returned  to  its  camp. 

Ool.  Marston's  Official  Report  of  Battle  of  Oak  Grove. 

Hdqrs.  Second  New  Hampshire  Volunteers, 

Camp  near  Fair  Oaks,  I 'a.,  June,  l8b2. 

In  compliance  with  orders  from  the  brigadier-general  commanding  the  brigade  I  marched  my 
regiment  at  7  o'clock  on  the  morning  of  the  25th  instant  to  the  front  of  the  redoubt  at  Fair 
Oaks.  At  8.30  o'clock,  agreeably  to  further  orders,  I  sent  four  companies,  under  command  of 
Major  Stevens,  to  support  the  left  of  the  First  Regiment  of  Massachusetts  Volunteers,  who  had 
a  few  moments  previously  advanced  into  the  fallen  timber  in  front  toward  the  enemy's  lines.  At 
fifteen  minutes  before  9  o'clock  I  advanced  with  four  companies  from  the  right  wing  of  my 
regiment  to  the  right  wing  of  the  First  Massachusetts,  which  had  now  become  engaged  with  the 
skirmishers  of  the  enemy.  Advancing  through  the  fallen  timber  and  into  a  swamp  covered  with 
a  dense  growth  of  bushes  I  came  upon  four  companies  of  the  First  Massachusetts  and  formed 
upon  their  right. 

The  fire  to  the  left  and  in  front  was  now  quite  severe,  and  the  shots  of  the  enemy  fell  thickly 
in  our  ranks.  Sending  messengers  to  the  front  and  left  I  soon  ascertained  the  position  of  the 
remainder  of  the  First  Massachusetts,  and  then,  with  the  detachment  from  my  own  regiment 
and  the  four  companies  of  the  First  Massachusetts  before  mentioned,  quickly  advanced  and 
formed  a  connection  with  their  right.  Major  Stevens  formed  his  detachment  on  the  left  of  the 
First  Massachusetts,  and  at  the  request  of  Major  Chandler  deployed  Company  B,  armed  with 
Sharp's  rifles,  as  skirmishers  in  front  of  that  regiment. 

The  whole  line  then  rapidly  advanced  through  the  fallen  timber  and  underbrush  and  over  the 
swampy  ground  on  the  right,  the  enemy  retiring,  but  all  the  while  keeping  up  a  sharp  fire  in 
front  and  from  the  timber  on  the  left,  which  was  returned  with  spirit  and  good  effect  along  the 
whole  line.  As  we  approached  the  margin  of  the  wood  the  enemy  was  seen  in  considerable 
force  flying  in  confusion  across  the  open  field  in  front.  Several  well-directed  volleys  were  fired 
into  the  retreating  foe  before  he  could  cross  the  open  ground  into  the  woods  beyond.  Officers 
and  men  were  anxious  to  follow  the  retreating  enemy,  but  the  general  commanding  the  brigade 
ordered  that  no  farther  advance  be  made,  but  to  hold  the  line  we  then  occupied  at  all  hazards. 

I  should  have  mentioned  that  soon  after  I  advanced  with  four  companies  from  the  right  of 
my  regiment  the  two  remaining  companies  were  ordered  to  join  on  the  left  and  be  detached 
under  Major  Stevens,  which  they  did.  The  line  thus  formed  on  the  margin  of  the  wood  we 
occupied  during  the  remainder  of  the  day,  being  continually  annoyed  by  the  sharpshooters  of 
the  enemy,  stationed  in  the  woods  to  the  left  of  our  line.  A  portion  of  Company  B  was  deployed 
as  skirmishers,  and  did  good  execution  upon  the  enemy  lurking  in  the  woods  in  that  vicinity. 

During  the  afternoon  we  were  much  annoyed  by  the  fire  of  some  pieces  of  our  own  artillery 
to  the  right  of  us,  many  shots  from  which  fell  very  near  us  and  some  in  our  own  ranks.  Toward 
night  the  enemy  brought  down  some  pieces  of  artillery  immediately  in  front  of  our  line,  but 
concealed  from  view  by  a  narrow  belt  of  bushes  beyond  the  open  ground,  but  the  fire  being 
directed  to  the  right,  we  did  not  suffer  therefrom.  About  9.30  o'clock  the  four  companies  from 
my  right  wing  were  relieved  and  marched  back  to  the  redoubt  at  Fair  Oaks,  and  about  11.30 
o'clock  the  six  companies  on  the  left  of  the  First  Massachusetts  were  also  relieved,  and  just  as 
they  were  about  to  march  back  to  the  redoubt  the  enemy  came  out  into  the  open  field  in  front 
and  there  forming  in  line  fired  one  volley  without  much  effect,  which  being  returned  by  a  fire 


along  our  whole  line  was  not  repeated.  Major  Stevens  then  marched  his  detachment  back  to 
the  redoubt,  where  my  regiment  remained  in  the  trenches  until  8  o'clock  the  next  morning, 
when  we  were  relieved,  and  the  regiment  marched  into  camp. 

1  should  have  remarked  that  after  fighting  all  day  and  standing  in  the  trenches  the  following 
night  about  ioo  men  were  detailed  from  my  regiment  at  5  o'clock  in  the  morning  to  fell  timber 
on  the  Williamsburg  road  until  8  o'clock  a.  m. 

I  luring  the  operations  of  the  25th  the  detachment  under  Major  Stevens  was  handled 
judiciously  and  effectively  by  that  officer.  It  is  but  simple  justice  to  the  regiment  to  say  that 
all  the  officers  and  the  men,  with  but  very  few  exceptions,  acquitted  themselves  admirably. 
They  were  confident,  brave,  and  obedient  to  orders. 

Adjutant  Lawrence  is  deserving  of  commendation,  not  only  for  his  activity  and  efficiency  on 
the  25th  instant,  but  also  for  the  promptness  with  which  he  performs  all  his  duties;  also 
Sergeant-Major  Moore,  a  brave  man  and  a  good  soldier.  He  brought  down  2  rebel  sharpshooters 
from  the  trees  where  they  were  concealed  and  was  himself  severely  wounded  in  the  hand.  I 
wish  particularly  to  call  attention  to  Surgeon  Merrow.  I  believe  there  is  no  one  in  the  medical 
corps  who  performs  his  duties  more  faithfully  or  more  skillfully  than  this  officer.  Where  almost 
every  man  performed  his  part  well  and  according  to  the  best  of  his  ability  it  might  be  considered 
invidious  to  mention  particular  cases  of  gallantry  and  good  conduct,  which  otherwise  I  should 
be  glad  to  do. 

The  casualties  in  my  regiment  on  the  25th  instant  were  4  killed  and  32  wounded,  4  mortally. 
[Revised  statement  showed  34  wounded.]     Of  these  17  occurred  in  Company  B. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be,  very  respectfully,  your  obedient  servant, 

Colonel  Second  Regiment  New  Hampshire  Volunteers. 
Joseph  Hibrert,  Jr., 

.  Issz'stant  Adjutant-General. 


JUNE   27   TO  AUGUST  2  2,    I  862. THE  "CHANGE  OF  BASE" BATTLE    OF 












'UNE  26th,  was  fought  the  battle  of  Mechanics- 
ville.  Lee,  banking  upon  McClellan's  timidity 
and  inertness,  withdrew  the  greater  part  of 
his  troops  from  the  Richmond  lines,  and 
concentrated  them  against  Porter,  on  the 
north  side  of  the  Chickahominy.  McClellan's 
fears  had  swelled  the  force  opposed  to  him  to 
overwhelming  proportions.  He  had  informed 
the  War  Department  that  the  army  on  his 
front  numbered  two  hundred  thousand  men  ; 
and  in  his  official  report,  written  some  time 
later,  he  still  adhered  to  the  belief  that  he 
was  confronted  by  twice  his  own  numbers. 
The  cold  figures  of  the  rebel  official  records 
show  that  Lee's  force  was  ninety  thousand,  of  which  he  massed 
sixty-five  thousand  against  Porter,  leaving  only  twenty-five  thous- 
and, under  Magruder,  in  the  Richmond  defences.  Thus,  while 
threatening  McClellan's  line  of  communication  with  White  House, 
he  audaciously  left  his  own  base  in  imminent  peril  from  an  enter- 
prising adversary.     A  determined  effort  by  the  force  on  its  front 


would  probably  have  resulted  in  the  occupation  of  Richmond.  This 
was  what  prominent  rebel  officers  feared,  and  Magruder  says  in  his 
official  report :  "  His  [McClellan's]  failure  to  do  so  is  the  best 
evidence  that  our  wise  commander  fully  understood  the  character 
of  his  opponent." 

Hooker's  men,  at  Fair  Oaks,  heard  the  deep  "thrum"  of 
Porter's  artillery,  and  in  the  evening  it  was  announced  to  the 
troops,  under  instructions  from  headquarters,  that  "  Porter  has 
whipped  them  on  the  right."  He  had,  in  fact,  fought  a  magnificent 
battle  and  given  Lee  a  bloody  repulse  when  the  fight  closed  on  the 
26th;  but  the  men  were  made  very  skeptical  by  the  retreat'to  the 
James  which  so  quickly  followed,  and  "  Porter  's  whipped  'em  on 
the  right"  was  for  a  long  time  the  derisive  cry  in  Hooker's  division 
when  news  was  given  out  which  seemed  to  require  verification. 

During  the  27th,  while  Porter  was  fighting  a  vastly  superior 
force  at  Gaines'  Mill,  Magruder  kept  up  a  tremendous  hullaballoo 
along  the  Richmond  lines,  repeating  with  great  success  his  early 
Yorktown  tactics.  There  was  a  constant  fusilade  on  the  picket 
line  :  threatening  demonstrations  were  made  at  various'points  ;  the 
rebel  artillery  was  freely  used  ;  and  a  balloon  was  ostentatiously 
sent  up,  as  if  to  spy  out  the  Union  positions.  So  artistically  did 
Magruder  perform  his  part  of  the  program  that  he  kept  the  sixty 
thousand  men  on  his  front  in  momentary  expectation  of  an  attack, 
and  it  was  not  dared  either  to  assume  the  offensive  or  to  weaken 
the  lines  by  sending  adequate  reinforcements  to  Porter.  Porter 
withdrew  to  the  south  side  of  the  Chickahominy  that  night,  and 
McClellan,  having  thus  abandoned  his  base  on  the  Pamunky, 
commenced  a  retreat,  or  more  politely  speaking,  "  change  of  base," 
to  the  James. 

Sumner  and  Heintzelman  occupied  their  intrenchments  until 
the  morning  of  the  29th.  During  the  28th  the  air  was  full  of 
rumors,  some  of  a  sinister  character,  but  the  idea  of  a  retreat  by 
that  great  army,  without  a  general  engagement,  did  not  enter  into 
the  speculations  and  calculations  of  its  rank  and  file.  Early  on  the 
morning  of  the  29th  Grover's  brigade  was  under  arms  in  its  camps, 
prepared,  as  the  men  supposed,  to  take  the  customary  round  of 
trench  and  picket  duty.     At  the  last  moment  before  marching  an 



intimation  was  given  the  Second,  from  some  source,  that  the  men 
had  better  take  their  shelter  tents  along — a  hint  which  was  quickly 
acted  upon.  In  this  matter  they  were  more  fortunate  than  many 
of  the  regiments,  who  marched  off  leaving  their  camps  standing. 
The  brigade  marched  to  the  trenches  and  relieved  the  New  Jersey 

brigade.       It    was    noted    that    the 
artillery  had  been  removed  from  the 
redoubts,  and  before  long  the  pickets 
J^^v  were  withdrawn.     Then  the  brigade 

\  filed  back  into  the  Williamsburg  road 

and    abandoned    the    works    to    the 

As  the  brigade  proceeded  down 
the  road,  marching  rapidly,  it  was 
seen  that  the  tents  were  still  stand- 
ing in  some  of  the  abandoned  camps, 
but  men  were  running  through  them, 
slashing  the  canvas  into  shreds,  and 
setting  fire  to  everything  combustible. 
Barrels  of  sugar  and  coffee  were 
emptied  upon  the  ground  and  scat- 
tered in  the  mud,  and  as  an  all- 
around  carnival  of  destruction  the 
evacuation  was  a  success.  Even  the 
sutlers  were  keeping  open  shop, 
shouting  to  the  men  to  help  themselves  to  what  they  wanted, 
without  money  and  without  price  ;  and  it  looked  as  if  they  would 
be  pressed  for  time  to  dispose  of  their  stocks,  even  on  such  liberal 
terms.     Everybody  was  in  a  hurry. 

A  mile  or  more  to  the  rear,  the  corps  of  Sumner,  Heintzelman 
and  Franklin  halted  and  took  position  to  cover  the  withdrawal  of 
the  rest  of  the  army  and  the  great  train  of  five  thousand  wagons 
across  White  Oak  Swamp.  Sumner  posted  his  corps  on  Allen's 
farm,  between  Orchard  and  Savage  Stations,  with  his  left  upon  the 
railroad,  where  it  connected  with  Heintzelman,  whose  line  extended 
across  and  covered  the  Williamsburg  road.  Grover's  brigade  was 
on    Heintzelman's   extreme  right,   next   to   Sumner.     The   Second 

Major  Josiah  Stevens,  Jr. 

The  original  major  of  the  regiment. 
From  Concord.  He  resigned  July  25, 
1862.  He  had,  the  month  previous, 
been  appointed  Lieutenant-Colonel  of 
the  Ninth  N.  H.,  bvit  declined.  He 
was  for  several  years  in  the  employ  of 
the  Concord  Railroad,  at  Manchester, 
in  which  city  he  died  October  26,  1875. 


Regiment  was  posted  upon  an  uneven  ridge,  covered  with  a  dense 
tangle  of  bushes,  from  which  there  was  a  view  up  the  railroad 
nearly  or  quite  to  Fair  Oaks  Station.  The  pioneers  of  the  regiment 
cleared  the  brush  from  a  portion  of  its  front,  upon  which  a  battery 
was  placed  in  position  to  command  the  railroad,  while  the  men 
settled  down  to  await  developments. 

The  regiment  had  not  been  in  position  an  hour  when,  through 
the  haze  of  smoke  which  enveloped  everything  in  the  direction  of 
Fair  Oaks,  shadowy  forms  were  seen  upon  the  railroad,  indicating 
that  the  rebels  were  feeling  their  way  forward,  in  pursuit.  A  hush 
of  expectancy  fell  upon  the  waiting  line.  It  was  about  eleven 
o'clock  when  the  silence  was  broken  by  the  report  of  a  cannon, 
followed  bv  the  rush  and  explosion  of  a  shell  a  little  distance  to  the 
right.  A  lively  artillery  duel  was  immediately  on.  Several  shells 
swept  over  into  Grover's  brigade,  wounding  a  number  of  men. 
Then  came  the  shrill  rebel  yell,  with  a  rattle  of  musketry,  lasting 
but  a  few  minutes,  when  a  swelling  chorus  of  good  round  Yankee 
"  'Rah's  !  "  told  that  the  rebels  were  repulsed.  After  a  time  the 
attack  was  renewed,  and  again  repulsed.  No  part  of  the  engage- 
ment could  be  seen  from  the  Second's  position,  but  the  firing  was 
verv  near — just  over  the  ridge  to  the  right. 

The  attack  was  made  by  Magruder's  division,  and  he  was  so 
rudely  checked  by  Sumner  that  he  did  not  try  conclusions  again 
until  four  o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  when  he  was  tempted  by  the 
premature  withdrawal  of  Heintzelman's  corps — made  under  some 
misapprehension  of  orders— and  was  again  soundly  thrashed  and 
driven  from  the  field. 

Sumner,  after  the  last  repulse  at  Allen's  farm  (or  Peach 
Orchard,  as  the  engagement  is  officially  known),  decided  to  move 
back  to  Savage  Station,  a  distance  of  about  a  mile,  and  his  troops 
were  put  in  motion  to  that  end.  The  green  flags  of  Meagher's 
brigade  suddenly  lifted  in  front  of  the  Second,  and  his  Irishmen 
came  pouring  up  out  of  the  bush  and  back  into  the  Williamsburg 
road.  After  a  time,  Heintzelman  also  withdrew,  but  instead  of 
halting  farther  back  and  stopping  with  Sumner  and  Franklin  until 
night,  he  pushed  on  and  crossed  White  Oak  Swamp.  But  for  the 
failure  of  Stonewall  Jackson  to  rebuild  Grapevine  Bridge  in  season 




to  cross  over  to  Magruder's  assistance,  this  might  have  been  a 
costly  error ;  but  as  affairs  turned  out,  it  was  in  one  way  an 
advantage  to  the  general  movement,  as  there  remained  but  two 
corps,  instead  of  three,  to  crowd  the  narrow  defiles  of  White  Oak 
Swamp  at  night. 

Heintzelman's  withdrawal  commenced  at  three  o'clock.  One 
hour  of  that  march  brought  as  much  anxiety  to  Colonel  Marston, 
probably,  and  as  much  hard  work  to  the  legs  of  his  men,  certainly, 

as  either  experienced 
in  the  same  length  of 
time  during  the  war. 
There  was  a  considera- 
ble interval  between  the 
Second  and  the  regiment 
preceding  it  in  the 
column,  and  coming  to 
a  fork  of  the  road,  with 
no  troops  in  sight  ahead, 
Marston  was  in  doubt 
which  road  to  follow. 
He  sent  the  adjutant 
some  distance  down  one, 
who  returned  with  the 
report  that  he  had  seen 
no  troops.  So  away  the 
Second  went  on  the 
other  road,  hit  or  miss, 
closely  followed  by  the 
Twenty-sixth  Pennsylva- 
nia, and  the  progress  of 
those  two  regiments  was 
a  marvel  of  pedestrianism.  It  was  a  great  relief  all  around  when 
they  came  out  at  Brackett's  Ford  and  there  found  the  rest  of  the 
brigade,  which  had  taken  the  other,  and  more  direct,  road. 

On  the  morning  of  the  30th  the  entire  army  and  its  material 
were  across  White  Oak  Swamp,  the  fords  and  their  approaches 
obstructed  by  felled  trees,  and  White  Oak  Bridge  torn  up.     From 


Sergt.  Jesse  E,  Dewey,  Co.  I. 

The  above  portrait  is  from  a  faded  ambrotype,  taken 
in  the  old  state  uniform.  Dewey  settled  in  Lebanon 
soon  after  the  war,  where  he  has  been  active  in  public 
and  business  affairs.  Has  represented  the  town  in  the 
legislature,  and  is  engaged  in  insurance  and  express 



the  bridge  to  Malvern  Hill — following  first  the  Long  Bridge  and 
then  the  Quaker  road — is  a  distance  of  between  four  and  five  miles, 
and  the  various  corps  were  disposed  so  as  to  cover  this  line  for  the 
protection  of  the  immense  aimy  trains,  which,  stretched  out  in  a 
single  line,  would  have  extended  forty  miles.  The  following 
diagram  will  assist  the  reader  to  an  understanding  of  the  line  of 
retreat  and  the  approaches  to  it  from  Richmond  : 

S  § 






§       %Malvern  Hill. 

Quaker  R, 

1.     New  Market  Road. 

2.     Darbytown  Road. 






















Keyes'  corps  was  upon  the  James,  covering  the  mouth  of  the 
hole  into  which  McClellan  had  determined  to  run  his  army.  Porter 
was  at  Malvern  Hill  with  two  of  his  divisions  and  a  powerful  park 
of  artillery.  Franklin's  corps,  with  Richardson's  division  of  Sum- 
ner's, defended  the  various  White  Oak  crossings,  Slocum's  division 
extending  as  far  as  the  Charles  City  road  at  a  point  considerably  in 
advance  of  its  intersection  with  the  Long  Bridge  road.  Heintzel- 
man's  corps,  Sedgwick's  division  of  Sumner's  (with  which  Sumner 
made  his  headquarters),  and  McCall's  division  of  Porter's,  were  at 
the  position  where  the  Long  Bridge,  Charles  City  and  Quaker  roads 
come  together,  and  where  it  was  probable  the  great  effort  would  be 
made  to  cut  the  retreating  army  in  two.  The  commanding  general 
passed  on  to  the  James  river  early  in  the  morning,  and  Sumner, 
Heintzelman  and  McCall  manoeuvred  and  fought  independently, 
where  there  should  have  been  a  paramount  authority  to  control  and 
systematically  direct  the  whole  field. 

Heintzelman,  commanding  the  only  full  corps  present,  designed 
placing  his  troops  so  as  to  cover  the  Long  Bridge  road  and,  in 
connection  with  Slocum,  the  Charles  City  road — Kearney's  division 
across    the    angle    formed    by   the     two    roads,    and    Hooker's     in 



extension  upon  its  left.  But  while  Kearney  was  getting  into 
position,  McCall  moved  down  the  Long  Bridge  road,  across  which 
he  posted  his  division,  a  considerable  distance  in  advance  of 
Kearney's  left.  This  threw  Hooker  out  of  position  and  made  the 
separation  of  Heintzelman's  two  divisions  advisable.  Hooker  was 
accordingly  posted  along  the  Quaker  road,  Grover's  brigade  upon 
the  right,  and  its  right  upon  a  narrow  cross  road  or  lane  affording  a 



D    fivv^E  R^ 

neintz.elma.rTc  f'jor.s 

DOTTLE   of  QLEND\Lt^€M^f\LE.^CiTy  £f\p£S  f^pA|)S  -.]■ 

@)l;ov/ind  app  fox  i  matt    DOSiliOnsof   troops 

/ .-5  I     '  2 ~     NOT    O  g.  A  w^      TO      SCALE  

short  cut  between  the  Long  Bridge  and  Quaker  roads.  Sedgwick 
was  in  an  open  field  to  Hooker's  right.  Hooker,  strangely  enough, 
was  not  aware  even  of  McCall's  presence  on  the  field,  until  about 
eleven  o'clock,  when  some  army  wagons  were  observed  on  his  front, 
and  making  an  examination  he  found  McCall's  division  several 
hundred  yards  in  front,  its  line  stretching  off  at  an  obtuse  angle 
with  the  direction  of  his  own. 


Meantime  four  rebel  columns  were  pushing  forward  against  as 
many  different  points  on  the  line  of  retreat :  Holmes'  division  on 
the  New  Market  or  River  road ;  Longstreet  and  A.  P.  Hill  on  the 
Darbytown  or  Central  road  ;  Huger  upon  the  Charles  City  road. 
Jackson  was  to  attempt  the  passage  of  White  Oak  Creek  in  the 
wake  of  the  retreating  army.  Holmes  was  easily  scared  off  by 
Porter's  artillery  and  the  gunboats.  Huger  found  his  road  badly 
obstructed,  and  was  not  heard  from  after  a  brush  with  Slocum's 
artillery.  Jackson  made  desperate  efforts  to  force  a  passage  at 
White  Oak  Bridge,  but  was  stubbornly  held  to  his  own  side  of  the 
creek.  Longstreet's  column,  the  supreme  importance  of  which  was 
indicated  by  the  presence  with  it  of  General  Lee  and  Jeff.  Davis,, 
was  the  attacking  party  in  the  bloody  battle  variously  known  as 
Glendale,  Charles  City  Cross  Roads,  and  Fraser's  Farm. 

Hooker's  division,  once  in  position,  enjoyed  a  rest  of  several 
hours  in  the  grateful  shade  of  forest  trees.  A  stream  of  army 
wagons  crowded  the  road  to  their  rear,  just  across  which  an 
immense  train  was  parked  waiting  its  turn  to  join  the  procession. 
This  commenced  to  break  about  noon,  and  the  last  wagon  got 
away  before  sunset. 

Commencing  before  noon,  heavy  artillery  firing  was  heard  in 
the  direction  of  White  Oak  Bridge,  but  everything  was  quiet  in  the 
vicinity  of  the  cross  roads  until  nearly  four  o'clock  in  the  afternoon, 
when  the  advance  of  Huger  came  within  reach  of  Slocum  and  was 
touched  up  by  the  latter's  artillery.  Longstreet,  who  for  some  time 
had  been  waiting  to  hear  from  Huger,  at  once  advanced  upon  the 
Long  Bridge  road  and  threw  his  column  upon  McCall.  After  a 
stubborn  fight  of  nearly  an  hour,  in  which  a  part  of  McCall's  troops 
did  some  of  the  best  fighting  of  the  campaign,  his  little  division  was 
forced  back,  losing  most  of  its  artillery,  and  many  of  its  regiments 
in  complete  disorganization  and  confusion. 

The  Second  New  Hampshire  had  no  hand  in  the  bloody  repulse 
which  the  rest  of  Grover's  brigade  inflicted  upon  the  rebel  force 
that  pursued  the  fragments  of  McCall's  left.  About  the  time  of  the 
commencement  of  Longstreet's  attack  the  regiment  was  ordered  to 
proceed  with  the  utmost  haste  to  the  support  of  De  Russy's  battery, 
which  had  become  engaged  with  Huger  on  the  Charles  City  road. 



Up  the  Quaker  road  the  regiment  went,  in  a  cloud  of  dust,  and 
finally  halted  and  came  into  line  in  an  open  pine  wood,  three- 
quarters  of  a  mile  from  its  starting  point.  It  had  not  reached  the 
battery  it  was  directed  to,  and  the  indications  were  it  would  not  be 
needed  there,  for  although  the  firing  on  the  left  was  swelling  to  big 

proportions,  it  seemed  to 
have  died  out  almost 
entirely  on  the  Charles  City 
road.  Huger's  movement 
h  a  d  ,  indeed,  collapsed, 
after  his  usual  fashion. 

Orders  came  to  Colonel 
Marston  to  rejoin  the 
brigade,  and  the  regiment 
hurriedly  retraced  its  steps. 
The  hour  of  its  absence 
had  been  big  with  exciting 
events.  Longstreet  had 
overwhelmed  McCall,  only 
in  turn  to  be  savagely  re- 
pulsed and  thrown  back  by 
Hooker's  right  assisted  by 
two  or  three  of  Sedgwick's 
regiments.  Sumner's  artil- 
lery, as  the  Second  passed 
along  its  rear,  was  sweeping 
the  woods  in  front  with  a 
tornado    of    shells.     Its 

Warren  H.  Hurd,  Co.  A. 

A  native  of  Keene,  and  a  printer  by  trade.  He  was 
wounded  and  taken  prisoner  near  Savage  Station, 
June  29,  1862.  In  December,  1863,  he  was  appointed 
First  Lieut.  23d  U.  S.  Colored  Infantry,  and  was  in 
command  of  the  first  camp  of  colored  troops  enlisted 
in  the  District  of  Columbia.  Was  severely  wounded  infantry  Supports  lay  almost 
in    front   of   Petersburg,    and  commissioned    captain. 

He  and  his  command  were  complimented  in  General       concealed  ill    the    tall    graSS. 
Orders  for  good  conduct   at    the  battle  of  the   Mine. 

Now  lives  at  Anthony,   Kansas,  in  business  as  finan-       One   regiment    Sprang    tO  its 
cial  agent. 

feet  as  if  to  meet  an  infantry 
attack,  but  almost  instantly  went  back  out  of  sight  again. 

Arriving  at  the  head  of  the  little  cross  road,  one  of  Hooker's 
aides  was  met,  who  swung  his  hat  and  shouted  exultantly,  "  General 
Hooker  has  whipped  the  enemy  handsomely,  and  he  wants  you  to 
join     the     division."     The    men,    of    course,    imbibed     the    aide's 



enthusiasm,  and  cheered  lustily.  The  regiment  filed  into  the  cross 
road,  up  which  it  marched  a  little  distance,  then  went  into  line  to 
its  left,  with  three  regiments  of  the  brigade,  which  were  there  in 
position.  The  Eleventh  Massachusetts  had  been  detached  and  sent 
to  the  extreme  left  to  reinforce  the  Excelsior  brigade.  The 
Sixteenth  Massachusetts  and  Twenty-sixth  Pennsylvania  were  along 
the  line  of  a  rail  fence  on  the  crest  of  a  low  ridge,  and  the  Second 
took  position  to  the  rear,  and  in 
support  of,  the  Sixteenth. 

Longstreet  was  following  up 
his  success  over  McCall  by 
vicious  assaults,  now  here,  now 
there,  along  the  Union  lines. 
"While  the  Second  remained  in 
position  awaiting  developments, 
Sumner's  artillery,  to  which  De 
Russy's  and  perhaps  others  of 
Heintzelman's  batteries  had 
been  added,  was  deluging  the 
woods  with  missiles,  and  several 
assaults  were  handsomely  re- 

At  length  the  blow  fell  upon 
Grover.  The  rebels  suddenly 
advanced  upon  the  front  of  the 
Sixteenth,  delivering  a  very 
sharp  and  destructive  fire.  Col. 
Wyman  fell  from  his  horse,  shot 
through  the  heart,  and  his  adjutant  and  lieutenant-colonel,  with 
many  men,  also  went  down.  The  right  wing  being  most  exposed, 
was  badly  cut  up,  and  soon  gave  back  in  confusion.  But  when  the 
Second  sprang  to  their  feet,  and  with  bayonets  at  a  charge,  slowly 
advanced  up  the  slope  in  line,  the  reassured  men  at  once  rallied 
and  were  ready  for  business  again. 

The  Sixteenth,  aided  by  an  oblique  fire  from  the  Twenty-sixth, 
on  their  left,  speedily  broke  the  rebel  attack,  whereupon  Grover 
proceeded  to  clear  his  front  of  the  enemy.     The  Second  advanced 

Edward  N.  Taft,  Co.  A. 

Killed  at  the  battle  of  Williamsburg,  May 
5,  1862.  He  was  a  native  of  Nelson,  27  years 
of  age,  and  resided  in  Keene  at  the  time  of  his 

I  I  2 


to  the  crest,  while  the  Sixteenth  withdrew  by  the  right  and  rear  to 
"get  together."  The  Twenty-sixth  went  off  in  a  wild  charge  down 
the  slope,  partially  crossing  the  Second's  front,  picking  twenty  or 
thirty  rebel  sharpshooters  out  of  holes  and  from  behind  rocks,  and 
entering  the  woods  from  which  the  attack  on  the  Sixteenth  had 
come.     Grover  pushed  directly  forward  from  the  left  with  the  First 

Massachusetts,  passing  a  long 
distance  to  the  front,  until  the 
regiment  ran  into  a  cross  fire 
in  the  darkness,  from  which  it 
suffered  a  severe  loss. 

The  Second  moved  a  little 
to  the  right  and  then  advanced 
into  the  woods  in  an  effort  to 
pick  up  its  connection  with  the 
Twenty- sixth.  It  was  now 
getting  to  be  quite  dark,  which 
with  the  settling  smoke  and 
dense  underbrush,  shut  off  any 
extended  view  of  the  front. 
Rebel  bullets  were  flying,  as  if 
from  a  line  of  pickets  or  skir- 
mishers, but  the  Second  was. 
cautioned  not  to  reply,  as  it 
was  feared  the  Twenty-sixth  or 
some  other  Union  troops  might 
be  on  the  front.  For  a  time  the  men  were  a  good  deal  puzzled  to 
account  for  sharp  reports  which  were  heard  in  every  direction — to 
the  rear,  overhead — everywhere.  In  connection  with  the  deepening 
gloom,  the  manifestation  was  decidedly  uncanny.  The  mystery 
was  solved,  however,  when  a  bullet,  cutting  across  the  breast  of 
Captain  Sayles,  suddenly  exploded,  inflicting  a  painful  lacerated 

Soon  the  regiment  was  moved  still  further  to  the  right,  coming 
into  an  open  field,  and  took  position  as  support  to  one  of  Sumner's 
regiments.  Its  colonel  came  to  Colonel  Marston,  evidently  with 
great  anxiety.     "  Colonel,  can   I  rely  upon  your  regiment  to  stand 

Lieut.  John  S.  Sides,  Co.  K. 

The  original  First  Lieutenant  of  Company  K. 
Resides  in  Portsmouth. 


1 1 

by  me  in  case  of  an  attack?"  "  Yes,  sir,"  snorted  Marston,  "  there 
won't  a  man  of  my  regiment  run  away,  sir;  not  a  man."  "What 
regiment  is  yours?"  "The  New  Hampshire  Second."  "Good! 
I  have  heard  of  you  before."  Immediately  after,  he  was  heard 
encouraging  and  bracing  up  his  regiment  with  the  announcement 
that  "one  of  Hooker's  regiments"  was  supporting  them,  and  "a 
bully  one,  too  .'" 

But  there  was  no  further  attack.  The  battle  was  over,  except 
for  the  firing  of  pickets  and  the  occasional  collision  of  scattered 
detachments  blindly  groping  their  way,  in  the  darkness,  over  the 
extremely  broken  ground  of  the  front. 
Longstreet  had  been  completely  foiled 
and  bloodily  repulsed.  Except  for  his 
early  success  over  McCall,  which  had 
been  dearly  earned  and  amply  avenged, 
he  had  nothing  to  his  credit.  And  yet, 
it  was  on  the  evening  of  this  day  of 
successful  defence  at  every  point  that 
McClellan  telegraphed  the  Secretary  of 
War  from  the  cover  of  the  gunboats  on 
the  James  :  "Another  day  of  desperate 
fighting.  We  are  hard  pressed  by  supe- 
rior numbers.  I  fear  I  shall  be  forced  to 
abandon   my  material  to   save   my    men 

under  cover  of  the  gunboats. 


Josiah  0.  Taft,  Co.' A. 

A  native  and  resident  of  Fitz- 
william.  Sick  unto  death,  yet  he 
started  on  the  retreat,  and  expired 
near  Harrison's  Landing.  June 
30,  1862,  while  his  regiment  was 
engaged  at  Glendale. 

none  of  us  escape,  we  shall  at  least  have 
done  honor  to  the  country."  It  was 
very  fortunate  that  the  army  was  not  as 
badly  rattled  as  its  commander. 

When  it  became  apparent  that  no 
further  attacks  were  to  be  apprehended,  the  Second  moved  over 
toward  the  left,  where  the  brigade  was  reunited  and*  lay  upon  its 
arms  until  morning.  During  the  day  the  regiment  had  zigzagged 
all  over  the  field,  but  had  hardly  fired  a  gun.  It  had  lost  a  man 
here  and  a  man  there,  until  the  number  wounded  aggregated  eleven 
— only  one  mortally — John  H.  Breeze,  of  Company  E. 

The  horrors  of  that  night  at  Glendale  can  never  be  forgotten  by 



those  who  lay  in  line  there  during  the  long,  weary  hours.  The 
ground  between  the  two  lines  was  thickly  strewn  with  the  rebel 
wounded,  but  few  of  whom  were  within  reach  of  succor,  and  the 

shrieks  and  groans  and  cries 
for  help  which  came  up  from 
that  valley  of  death  were 
appalling.  Hooker  wrote,  in 
his  official  report :  "  From 
their  torches  we  could  see 
that  the  enemy  was  busy  all 
night  in  searching  for  his 
wounded,  but  up  to  daylight 
the  following  morning  there 
had  been  no  apparent  dimi- 
nution in  the  heartrending 
cries  and  groans  of  his 
wounded.  The  unbroken, 
mournful   wail  of  human  suf- 

John  L.  Woods,  Co.  B. 

Resides  at  Hollis. 

fering  was  all  that   we   heard 
from     Glendale    during     that 

long,  dismal  night." 
During  the  night  the  troops  were  all  withdrawn  to  Malvern  Hill, 
where  Hooker's  division  arrived  shortly  after  sunrise.  In  the  early 
hours  of  that  day  (July  ist)  there  was  witnessed  upon  Malvern  Hill 
one  of  the  most  impressive  pageants  of  the  war,  several  entire  army 
corps  being  massed  upon  its  broad,  open  slopes. 

Shortly  after  Heintzelman's  arrival,  and  while  his  troops  were 
resting  upon  the  plateau  in  front  of  the  Quaker  road,  advance 
parties  of  rebels  made  their  appearance  on  that  road,  emerging 
from  the  woods,  and  were  followed  in  time  by  a  battery,  which 
boldly  advanced  a  considerable  distance  into  the  fields,  deliberately 
went  into  position,  and  opened  fire.  Almost  its  first  shot  struck  in 
a  group  of  mounted  officers  surrounding  General  Hooker,  the  shell 
passing  through  the  body  of  Captain  Beam,  commanding  one  of 
Hooker's  batteries.  Probably  ten  thousand  men  saw  the  incident 
and  wondered  how  long  Hooker  would  stand  that.  Not  long  ! 
There  was  a  stir    n  several  of  the  batteries.     Guns   were  wheeled 



into  position  on  the  spots  where  they  happened  to  be  resting,  and 
within  five  minutes  what  was  left  of  the  rebel  battery  was  tearing 
for  the  rear  at  a  wild  gallop,  the  drivers  lashing  their  horses,  and 
the  cannoneers  scattering  out  of  the  line  of  fire. 

The  position  of  Heintzelman's  corps  that  day  was  on  the  left 
center.  Grover's  brigade  was  in  a  very  comfortable  position,  in  a 
rather  open  wood  ;  and  the  situation  was  rendered  peculiarly 
attractive  to  men  who  had  been  drinking  swamp  water  for  weeks, 
by  several  springs  of  clear,  cool,  wholesome  water  which  bubbled 
out  at  the  base  of  a  slight  declivity  a  short  distance  to  the  rear  of 
the  line.  Upon  this  higher  ground  the  Excelsior  brigade  was  in 
line  as  support,  and  could  have  done  most  effective  work  in  esse  of 
an  attack  by  firing  over  the  heads 
of  Grover's  men.  It  was  a  very 
strong  position,  and  as  soon  as 
the  line  was  established  and 
pickets  thrown  out,  the  Second 
made  it  still  stronger  by  piling 
the  forest  debris  into  a  breast- 
work. Though  tired,  hungry, 
and  by  this  time  mostly  with 
empty  haversacks,  the  men  were 
never  in  better  spirits  for  a  fight, 
and  a  rebel  line  on  the  front 
would  have  been  greeted  like  old 

Colonel  Marston  was  fairly 
bubbling  with  this  spirit  of  confi- 
dence. He  walked  down  the 
line,  inspecting  the  work  with  a 
satisfied  air,  and  accompanied  by 
a  brand  new  "  contract  surgeon," 
who  was  naturally  alive  to  the  possibilities  of  the  situation.  The 
fighting  had  just  commenced  in  good  earnest  on  the  left,  and  the 
men  were  spreading  loose  cartridges  where  they  could  be  readily 
reached  when  needed,  putting  the  finishing  touches  to  the  breast- 
works, and  making  the  numberless  little  preparations  which  count 

Corpl.  John  H.  Cole,  Co.  C. 

Was  a  member  of  the  color  guard  in  many 
of  the  Second's  hardest  battles.  Now  janitor 
of  the  City  Hall  building  in  Manchester. 



at  «* 


in  the  defence  of  a  position.  "  Your  men  have  got  a  good 
position,"  said  the  surgeon,  whose  eyes  cast  many  furtive  glances 
into  the  forest  depths  from  which  trouble  might  be  expected  to 
come  at  any  moment.    "Yes,  my  boys  are  great  on  intrenchments," 

replied  the  colonel.  "  Do  you 
think  you  will  be  attacked?" 
"  Well,  we  may  be — they  're  at 
it  pretty  brisk  on  the  left." 
"  How  many  men  would  it  take 
to  drive  you  out  of  here?" 
"  Well,"  said  the  colonel,  as  if 
making  a  mental  calculation, 
"  six  thousand  might,  but  five 
thousand  would  get  killed  doing 
it  !"  The  boys  who  overheard 
"Old  Gil.'s"  estimate  laughed 
and  concurred  in  its  correct- 
ness, and  his  figures  were  soon 
passed  along  the  line  and 
accepted  and  adopted. 

As  on  the  previous  day  at 
Glendale,  the  fighting  com- 
menced between  three  and  four 
o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  and 
when  it  closed,  at  nine  o'clock, 
Lee  had  suffered  one  of  the 
bloodiest  and  most  demoralizing  repulses  of  the  war.  Assault  after 
assault  was  directed  against  the  Union  left,  the  brunt  falling  upon 
Porter  and  Couch,  and  again  and  again  the  rebels  were  driven  back 
with  terrible  slaughter.  The  fire  of  the  Union  artillery  was  almost 
unprecedented  in  warfare,  the  great  array  of  field  batteries  which 
had  been  concentrated  upon  the  hill  being  assisted  by  the  fire  of 
the  seige  train,  largely  composed  of  30-pounder  Parrotts,  posted  in 
a  commanding  position  on  the  crest  of  the  plateau,  and  the  ponder- 
ous armament  of  the  gunboats.  Hooker's  front  was  not  involved 
in  any  of  the  assaults  ;  but  at  a  time  when  Porter  was  hard  pressed, 
Heintzelman  sent  the  Excelsior  brigade  to  his  assistance,  where  it 
gave  a  good  account  of  itself. 

John  H.  Burrill,  Co.  A. 

Discharged,  after  serving  three  years,  he 
again  enlisted,  and' was  assigned  to  Co.  C.  He 
writes  from  Hawley,  Minn.:  "I  have  lived 
here  twenty-two  years.  I  have  no  picture  of 
war  times,  so  had  this  taken  for  the  occasion. 
On  the  whole,  perhaps  it  will  be  as  well,  as  I 
should  like  to  see  my  old  comrades  as  they 
look  now,  so  as  to  judge  how  time  has  used 

A  T  HARRIS  OX 'S  LANDING.  1 1  7 

About  nightfall  a  cheerful  apparition  appeared  to  the  Second  in 
the  form  of  the  quartermaster  and  a  squad  of  men  with  a  supply  of 
hardtack  carried  in  tentcloths  and  blankets.  The  battle  ended,  the 
retreat  was  resumed,  against  the  passionate  protests  of  some  of  the 
Union  generals.  It  commenced  to  rain  early  in  the  night,  and 
soon  the  roads  were  in  very  bad  condition.  That  unmolested 
march  of  onlv  a  few  miles  to  Harrison's  Landing  had  a  more 
depressing  effect  upon  the  rank  and  file  of  the  army  than  all  the 
marching  and  fighting  they  had  done  since  leaving  the  lines  in  front 
of  Richmond.  It  began  to  dawn  upon  them  that  they  were  taking 
part  in  a  grand  skedaddle  for  cover,  instead  of  some  brilliant  feat 
of  aggressive  strategy.  Up  to  this  time  the  average  impression  had 
been  that  the  armv  was  very  well  able  to  take  care  of  itself,  and 
all  the  fighting  had  only  strengthened  the  confidence  of  the  men. 

All  the  conditions  were  conducive  to  straggling,  and  it  was  a 
bedraggled  mob,  with  here  and  there  a  patch  of  organization,  that 
poured  out  upon  the  broad,  open  river  bottom  at  Harrison's 
Landing.  At  the  head  of  the  road  aides  of  the  division  generals 
were  posted  to  direct  the  men  to  their  commands,  and  in  this  way 
they  were  again  assembled  upon  their  colors  as  they  arrived.  The 
"change  of  base "  was  effected.  That  magnificent  armv  was 
disgracefully  huddled  "under  cover  of  the  gunboats,"  and  at  once 
set  to  work  in  all  haste  to  cover  its  front  with  intrenchments,  while 
its  commander  was  frantically  calling  for  reinforcements.  Lee  hung 
around  for  a  few  days,  then  leisurely  withdrew  to  Richmond. 

After  the  completion  of  the  intrenchments,  work  upon  which 
was  pushed  night  and  day,  the  duties  were  not  heavy,  consisting 
mainly  of  an  occasional  review  or  round  on  picket.  But  the  heat 
was  phenomenal,  and  there  was  considerable  sickness.  The  camp 
of  the  Second  Regiment  was  a  short  distance  to  the  left  of  Row- 
land's mill  pond,  a  body  of  water  covering  several  acres,  which  gave 
thousands  of  men  good  bathing  facilities.  The  camp  was  simply  a 
sand  oven,  without  a  tree  or  a  bush  standing  in  its  limits,  in  which 
the  thermometer  made  nothing  of  registering  above  100  degrees, 
day  after  day. 

It  was  not  long  after  the  arrival  here  that  Colonel  Marston  had 
his  famous  tilt  with  General  Grover.     For  some  reason  the  Second 


was  not  paraded,  one  morning,  according  to  orders  of  the  brigade 
commander.  Grover  sent  for  Marston,  and  a  conversation  ensued 
about  as  follows  : 

"  I  noticed,  Colonel,  that  your  regiment  was  not  out  this 
morning.     What  was  the  reason?" 

"The  reason  was,  I  did  not  order  them  out." 

"  You  will  order  them  out  now,  then,  and  remain  under  arms 
two  hours." 

"I  will  do  nothing  of  the  kind." 

"  What  !  " — in  profound  astonishment. 

"I  said  the  regiment  will  not  be  ordered  out.  If  there  is  any 
fault,  it  is  not  that  of  my  men,  and  they  will  not  be  punished.  If 
you  want  the  officers  to  parade,  we  will  come  out  and  stand  as  long 
as  you  please." 

This  was  rank  insubordination.  "  I  would  have  you  under- 
stand, Colonel  Marston,"  said  Grover,  warningly,  "  that  I  am  the 
brigadier-general  commanding  this  brigade." 

"And  I  would  have  you  understand,"  was  the  quick  response, 
"  that  I  am  a  member  of  the  body  that  makes  brigadier-generals." 

The  matter  dropped,  right  there,  and  the  regiment  was  not 
ordered  out.  The  incident  did  not  lessen  in  the  least  the  affec- 
tionate admiration  the  Second  always  had  for  Cuvier  Grover. 

July  passed  uneventfully  and  monotonously  enough,  but  August 
was  ushered  in  by  a  tremendous  display  of  fireworks.  On  the  night 
of  July  31st  the  rebels  posted  about  forty  pieces  of  artillery  at 
favorable  points  on  the  south  side  of  the  James,  and  at  midnight 
opened  on  the  shipping  and  camps  near  the  river.  The  gunboats 
responded,  and  after  an  hour  of  uproar  the  rebels  withdrew,  having 
killed  ten  men  and  wounded  twenty  or  thirty  more. 

A  few  days  later,  Hooker  returned  the  compliment  by  a  recon- 
noissance  in  force  to  Malvern  Hill.  Late  on  the  afternoon  of 
August  2d  he  marched  from  the  intrenched  camp  with  his  division, 
a  regiment  of  cavalry,  and  two  horse  batteries ;  but  being  misled 
by  an  incompetent  guide,  returned  to  camp  before  morning.  On 
the  afternoon  of  the  4th,  however,  he  moved  out  again  ;  and  this 
time  there  was  no  misleading  or  taking  wrong  roads.  The  division 
followed  a  circuitous  route,  by  a   back    road    which    entered    the 



Quaker  road   near   the   scene  of  the  great  battle  of  June   30th  at 

Glendale.     The    few    inhabitants    along    the    line    of    march    were 

placed  under  guard  to  prevent  their  carrying  news  to  the  enemy, 

and  about  midnight  the  division  halted  within  a  few  hundred  yards 

of  the  cross  roads,  which  were 

known  to  be  held  by  a  rebel 

cavalry  picket.     Strict  orders 

were    issued    against    lighting 

matches,     loud    conversation, 

or  any  unusual  noise,  and  the 

troops    lay     quietly    on    their 

arms  until  morning,  with  the 

first  dawn  of  which  the  march 

was  resumed. 

The  rebel  pickets  fired  a 
few  shots  and  scampered  off, 
when  the  column,  with  the 
cavalry  and  a  battery  in  the 
lead,  turned  into  the  Quaker 
road  and  marched  rapidly  for 
Malvern  Hill.  A  section  of 
artillery,  posted  on  the  lawn 
of  the  quaint  old  brick  man- 
sion on  the  hill,  opened  fire 
as  the  column  approached, 
and  one  shell  burst  in  the  ranks  of  the  Second,  wounding  three  or 
four  men — the  only  casualties  in  the  regiment  that  day.  General 
Hooker,  seated  on  his  favorite  white  horse  under  a  widespread 
wayside  tree,  directed  the  troops  to  position  as  they  came  up. 
Grover's  brigade  filed  to  the  right  and  took  position  between  the 
road  and  the  battery,  which  was  already  replying  to  the  rebel  guns. 
It  was  a  most  unequal  fight  for  the  rebels,  as  they  were  also  under 
fire  from  a  gunboat  in  their  rear  ;  the  shells  from  which  were, 
however,  quite  as  much  of  an  annoyance  to  Hooker's  men  as  to 
the  johnnies,  as  many  of  them  passed  completely  over  the  hill  and 
exploded  near  Hooker's  lines. 

Had    General    Patterson    advanced    promptly    with    the    Third 

Capt.  Thomas  Snow,  Co.  F. 

The  original  captain  of  Company  F.  After 
fourteen  months'  service  he  was  prostrated  by 
diseases  incident  to  the  climate  and  service,  and 
resigned.  He  never  recovered  his  health,  and 
died  at  Marblehead,  Mass.,  April  18,  1880. 

I  20 


Brigade  and  occupied  the  river  road,  the  battery  and  its  support  of 
four  hundred  cavalry  would  have  been  bagged.  But  he  failed  to 
do  so,   and  die   rebels  wisely  concluded  to  go  while  they  could. 

They  went  in  such  a  hurry  as 
to  leave  behind  a  caisson,  the 
implements  of  one  gun,  and 
two  dead  artillerymen,  one 
still  clutching  in  his  nerveless 
hands  the  shell  he  was  carry- 
ing to  his  gun  when  struck 

The  cavalry  at  once  set 
off  in  pursuit,  and  pressed 
the  enemy  sharply  in  a  run- 
ning fight  in  which  the 
lieutenant- colonel  in  com- 
mand was  mortally  wounded. 
Grover's  brigade  advanced 
on  the  first  signs  of  flight, 
many  of  the  mounted  men 
skurrying  across  the  fields  in 
pursuit  of  the  scattered  foot- 
men who  could  not  keep  up 
with  the  procession.  Lieut. 
Joe.  Hubbard,  then  serving  as  an  aide  on  General  Grover's  staff, 
dashed  into  a  squad  of  five,  and  they  came  in  with  him  on  his 
nonchalant  assurance:  "It's  no  use,  boys— you  can't  make  it; 
come  along."  Ihe  pickets,  alarmed  by  the  commotion,  were  also 
showing  up,  singly  and  in  squads,  only  to  find  themselves  in  the 
hands  of  the  Yankees.  All  in  all,  about  a  hundred  prisoners  were 
picked  up. 

The  following  day  (August  6)  Hooker  was  reinforced  by  the 
divisions  of  Couch  and  Sedgwick,  while  Lee  sent  four  divisions 
down  from  Richmond  to  look  after  the  matter.  Hooker  made  his 
dispositions  for  a  fight  ;  but  the  day  passed  quietly,  and  during  the 
night  the  entire  force  was  withdrawn  to  Harrison's  Landing.  It 
was  a  sleeples-s,  wearisome  night   for  the  Second.      The  regiment 


Corpl.  David  0,  Davis,  Cc.  D. 

Was  discharged  for  disability  Sept. 
The  following  August  he  was  drafted  and  assigned 
to  the  Fifth  N.  H.  Was  promoted  to  corporal, 
wounded  at  Fort  Stedman,  captured  at  Farm- 
ville,  and  again  discharged  fir  disability,  after  the 
surrender.     Now  resides  at  Newmarket. 



was  posted  in  a  dense  forest,  in  line  of  battle  across  a  byroad 
leading  up  to  the  hill.  Putting  out  no  pickets,  the  regiment  stood 
in  line  there,  hour  after  hour,  until  withdrawn  sometime  before 

With  the  installation  of  Halleck  as  General-in-Chief,  it  was 
decided  to  withdraw  McClellan's  army  from  the  Peninsula  and  join 
it  to  that  of  General  Pope.  The  movement  was  earnestly  opposed 
by  General  MeClellan  ;  but 
as  Lee  was  detaching  troops 
against  Pope  in  such  num- 
bers as  to  threaten  to 
overwhelm  him,  while 
MeClellan  was  unwilling  to 
resume  offensive  operations 
without  large  reinforcements 
which  the  crovernment  was 
powerless  to  send  him,  Hal- 
leck adhered  to  his  plan, 
and  spurred  MeClellan  to 
move  quickly.  The  sick 
and  all  the  impedimenta 
were  sent  off  on  transports, 
and  on  August  16th  the  last 
division  took  up  its  march 
down  the  Peninsula. 

Most  of  the  army  crossed 
the  Chickahominy  on  a  pon- 
toon bridge  at  Barrett's  Ferry,  near  the  mouth  of  the  river,  but  the 
Third  Corps  crossed  farther  up,  at  Jones'  Bridge,  proceeding  by 
way  of  I  Hascund  Bridge,  Barhamsville  and  Williamsburg,  to  York- 
town.     The  itinerary  of  the  Second  was  as  follows  : 

August  15.    Started  from  camp  at  noon,  passed  through  Charles 
City  Court  House,  and  camped  three  miles  beyond. 

16.  Started  at  6  a.  m.  and  marched  till  3  p.  m.,  crossing  the 
Chickahominy  at  Jones'  Bridge. 

17.  Marched  about  fourteen  miles,  to  Barhamsville. 

Andrew  J.  Rugg,  Co.  A. 

A  recruit,  from  the  town  of  Sullivan,  who 
joined  the  regiment  in  September,  1861,  and  died 
of  disease,  in  hospital  at  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  July 
25,  1862. 

18.     Marched  at   i  p.  m.,  and    arrived    at    Williamsburg 


miles)  at  2  o'clock  the  following  morning. 


19.  Left  Williamsburg  at  10  o'clock  a.  m.,  and  marched  to 
within  three  miles  of  Yorktown. 

20.  Remained  in  camp. 

On  the  2 1  st  the  regiment  embarked  on  the  steamer  "  State  of 
Maine,"  and  the  following  day  the  little  fleet  bearing  Hooker's 
division  and  its  fortunes  steamed  away  from  the  frowning  defences 
of  Yorktown  and  Gloucester. 

Colonel  Marston's  Official  Report  of  Battle  of  Glendale. 

Second  Regiment  New  Hampshire  Volunteers, 

Camp  near  Harrison' s  Landing,  l'a.,  July  10,  lSt>2. 

On  the  morning  of  the  29th  ultimo  this  regiment  marched  with  the  First  Brigade,  Hooker's 
division,  from  Fair  Oaks,  and  after  awaiting  an  attack  from  the  enemy  about  two  miles  from 
that  place  on  the  road  toward  Savage  Station  until  past  3  o'clock  p.  m.,  again  marched  toward 
White  Oak  Swamp,  crossing  the  same  at  sunset,  and  camped  near  Saint  Paul's  Church. 

About  9  o'clock  a.  m.  of  the  30th  ultimo  the  regiment  was  posted  in  line  of  battle  on  the  right 
of  the  road  leading  past  said  church,  and  there  remained  until  about  3  o'clock  p.  m.,  when  by 
order  of  the  brigadier-general  commanding  the  brigade  I  moved  the  regiment  rapidly  to  the  right 
about  half  a  mile  to  the  support  of  De  Russy's  battery,  which  was  then  hotly  engaged  with  the 
enemy  in  that  quarter.  Before  reaching  the  battery  I  was  ordered  to  return  to  the  ground 
originally  occupied,  the  enemy  having  made  a  very  determined  attack  in  front  and  to  the  right 
of  that  position.  Thence  I  was  immediately  ordered  forward  and  formed  line  of  battle  at  the 
base  of  a  slight  ridge  of  land  beyond  which  the  enemy  were  in  force,  thence  forward  to  the  crest 
of  the  ridge,  then  by  the  right  flank  into  a  wood  on  the  same  elevation,  then  further  to  the  right 
into  an  open  field,  where  we  remained  until  9  o'clock  p.  m.,  momentarily  expecting  an  attack  at 
that  point,  the  enemy  being  at  this  time  in  force  beyond  a  narrow  belt  of  woods  in  front  of  us. 
We  were  subsequently  moved  to  the  left,  to  the  position  we  had  before  occupied,  on  the  crest  of 
the  rising  ground  in  the  wood,  throwing  one  company  forward  to  observe  the  enemy.  Soon 
after  the  regiment  was  moved  farther  to  the  left  and  in  the  rear  of  the  Sixteenth  Massachusetts 
Regiment,  and  this  position  we  continued  to  occupy  until  dawn,  when  the  whole  brigade 
marched  toward  the  James  River. 

Although  my  regiment  occupied  so  many  positions  on  the  field  of  battle  during  the  day,  and 
all  the  while  within  long  musket-range  of  the  enemy,  it  did  not  become  actually  engaged.  We 
were  never  in  position  to  return  effectively  the  fire  of  the  enemy,  which  reached  us  from  a 
distance  as  late  as  9  o'clock  p.  m.  I  have  never  seen  the  men  of  my  regiment  so  eager  for  a 
fight  as  on  that  day.  Every  individual  man  seemed  anxious  to  come  to  close  quarters  with  the 
foe  and  to  strike  telling  blows  for  the  great  cause  in  which  they  had  voluntarily  engaged  at  the 
peril  of  their  lives. 

None  were  killed  upon  the  field.  Captains  Edward  L.  Bailey  and  Samuel  P.  Sayles  were 
slightly  wounded,  as  also  were  William  A.  Hey  wood  and  John  W.  Harmond,  of  Company  A; 
Joseph  Tallin  and  James  M.  Wiggin,  of  Company  H:  James  Mayhew,  Company  F:  James  M. 
Wellman,  Company  G;  Abiel  W.  Colgan  and  George  H.  Thyng,  Co.  E,  and  John  H.  Breeze,  of 
the  same  company,  mortally. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be,  very  respectfully,  your  obedient  servant, 

Colonel  Second  Regiment  New  Hampshire  Volunteers. 

Capt.  Joseph  Hiisbert,  Jr., 

Assistant  Adjutant-General. 


AUGUST    23    TO    SEPTEMBER  3,     1862. HOOKER'S    DIVISION    ARRIVES    AT 








*HE    following   day    (August    23d)    the    fleet 

conveying  Hooker's  division  was  at  Acquia 

Creek,  where  it  remained    for    several    hours 

while   it   was   being   determined    whether    the 

division  should  land   there,  as    had    some  of 

McClellan's  troops,  or  proceed  to  Alexandria 

and  go  to  Pope  by  rail  from  that  point.     The 

stop  was  taken  advantage  of  by  many  of  the 

men  to  have  a   good  swim  in   the  Potomac ; 

but  a  gloom  was  cast  over  the  Second  by  the 

accidental    drowning   of  one   of  its   original    members — James    E. 

Seavey,  of  Company  K, — who,  apparently  seized  with  cramps,  sank 

beneath  the  muddy  waters,  and  was  never  seen  again. 

The  fleet  arrived  at  Alexandria  that  night,  and  the  following 
day  (24th)  the  troops  were  disembarked  and  went  into  camp  about 
two  miles  out  from  the  city.  Late  on  the  afternoon  of  the  25  th  the 
division  was  packed  upon  trains  of  box  cars,  every  place,  inside  and 
out,  where  a  soldier  could  stick,  being  occupied,  and  started  to 
reinforce  Pope. 

It  was  long  after  dark  when  the  trains  arrived  at  Manassas 
Junction,  where  a  short  delay  was  made.  There  was  considerable 
good-natured  chaffing  between  "McClellan's  men"  and  the  guard 
holding  the  Station.     It  was  apparent  that  Stonewall  Jackson  was 


the  nightmare  of  that  region,  and  not  without  reason,  as  the  very 
next  night  he  swooped  down  and  drove  or  carried  off  the  whole 

At  midnight  the  division  arrived  at  Warrenton  Junction,  and  the 
next  day  went  into  camp  in  a  delightful  location  near  Cedar  Creek, 
where  the  men  were  assured  they  would  probably  remain  several 
days.  But  Stonewall  Jackson  had  not  been  consulted  on  that 
matter,  and  they  remained  only  one  night  in  the  new  camp.  Early 
on  the  morning  of  the  27th  the  troops  were  routed  and  ordered  to 
be  ready  to  march  at  five  o'clock.  The  occasional  reports  of 
cannon  in  the  direction  of  Manassas  indicated  that  there  was 
trouble  in  the  rear ;  and,  indeed,  there  was,  of  a  very  serious 
nature.  Stonewall  Jackson,  with  three  divisions  of  infantry  and 
one  of  cavalry,  had  made  a  rapid  march  through  Thoroughfare  Gap, 
and  captured  Manassas  Junction,  with  several  railroad  trains  and 
the  great  depots  of  army  supplies  which  had  been  gathered  there. 

But  if  Jackson  was  rapid  in  his  movements,  the  counter  move- 
ments to  head  off  and  crush  him  before  Lee  could  reunite  the 
widely  separated  wings  of  his  army,  were  also  prompt.  Hooker's 
division — the  nearest  the  scene  of  action — marched  directly  for 
Manassas  Junction,  accompanied  by  General  Pope  himself.  On 
arriving  at  Catlett's  Station,  about  two  miles  from  camp,  evidences 
of  the  recent  presence  of  the  enemy  and  of  his  destructive  tenden- 
cies were  found,  and  Companies  B  and  K  of  the  Second  were 
thrown  forward  as  skirmishers,  the  regiment  heading  the  column. 

The  day  was  intensely  hot,  and  many  men  suffered  from  sun- 
stroke ;  but  the  march  was  pushed  with  all  of  Hooker's  accustomed 
energy,  the  troops  using  both  the  railroad  and  the  highway,  which 
were  parallel  and  close  together.  At  various  points  the  ruins  of 
bridges  and  culverts  were  met,  and  at  length,  as  the  head  of  the 
column  emerged  from  woods  into  a  broad  farm  clearing,  a  rebel 
outpost  was  sighted.  Several  mounted  men  were  seen  scurrying 
away  from  a  farm  house  off  at  the  right,  while  directly  ahead,  on 
the  opposite  edge  of  the  clearing,  a  section  of  artillery  was  plainly 

A  battle  line  was  immediately  formed — a  front  of  two  regiments 
on  each  side  of  the  road.     Grover's  brigade  was  upon  the  right,  the 



New  Jersey  brigade  on  the  left,  with  the  Excelsior  brigade  march- 
ing by  the  right  flank  immediately  behind  the  left  of  the  New 
Jersey  line.  The  rebel  battery,  while  these  dispositions  were  being 
made,  disappeared  without  firing  a  shot,  and  the  division  advanced 
about  two  miles  farther,  unopposed,  when,  at  Kettle  Run,  EwelPs 
entire     division    was    encountered.       The    Second's    two    skirmish 

companies,     after     passing 

the  run,  crossed  an  open 
field  and  entered  a  narrow 
belt  of  pines  extending  on 
either  side  of  the  railroad. 
They  found  themselves  well 
up  to  a  line  of  rebel  pick- 
ets ;  and  at  the  same  time 
t  h  e  orderly-sergeant  o  f 
Company  K,  being  on  the 
extreme  right,  discovered 
that  his  flank  had  actually 
walked  right  into  a  pocket 
formed  by  the  disposition 
of  the  rebels.  Word  was 
passed  to  fall  back,  and  it 
was  one  of  the  strangest 
incidents  in  the  entire  his- 
tory of  the  Second,  that  its 
skirmishers  backed  out  of 
their  predicament  without 
a  shot  being  fired  on  either 

Grover's  brigade  was  at 

William  D.  Coffin,  Co.  G. 

Killed  at  Bull  Run,  August  29,  1862.  He  was 
a  machinist,  and  working  at  his  trade,  in  Milford, 
when  the  call  came.  Laying  aside  his  tools,  he 
pinned  a  red,  white  and  blue  rosette  upon  his 
breast,  went  and  had  the  above  picture  taken,  and 
enlisted.  He  was  a  jovial,  light-hearted,  brave 
fellow,  full  of  life  and  animation. 

once  halted,  while  the  other  two  pushed  forward  on  the  left  of  the 
railroad,  passed  through  the  skirt  of  trees,  and  engaged  Ewell,  who 
was  found  in  position,  awaiting  attack.  Almost  at  the  first  touch — 
perhaps  a  little  before — a  rebel  battery  opened,  and  burst  a  number 
of  shells  over  Grover's  brigade  ;  but  it  soon  had  enough  to  attend 
to  nearer  home,  when  one  of  Hooker's  batteries  was  trundled  along 
the  railroad  track,  through  the  cut  in  a  slight  roll  of  the   ground, 



bringing  it  into  good 
hand  in  the  game, 
sharp,  and  bloody, 
hour.  How  near  the 
ing  a  share  in  it,  as 
why  it  did  not,  is 
report  of  Brig. -Gen. 
manding  the  Second 
the  infantry  from  the 
artillery,  I  rode  to 
forward  one  of 
Meeting  General 
matters  to  him,  when 



Albert  G.  Stone,  Co.  A. 
After  serving  a  term 


position  to  take  a 
The  fight  was  short, 
lasting  less  than  an 
Second  came  to  hav- 
well  as  the  reason 
indicated  in  the 
Nelson  Taylor,  com- 
Krigade  :  "To  relieve 
fire  of  the  enemy's 
the  rear  to  bring 
our  own  batteries. 
Grover,  I  explained 
he  told  me  I  might 
New  Hampshire  Vol- 
the  battery.  Finding 
an  unoccupied  bat- 
He    very    reluctantly 

First  N.  H.  he  enlisted  in   the 

order  up  the  Second    *econd-  was  wounded  at  Bull 

1  Kun.  August  29,  1862,  and  died 

linteers      tO       Support     °f  wounds   November   2,    1862. 
1  *  He  was  trom  r  ltzwilham. 

the   commandant    of 

tery,   I   informed   him    of   what    I    desired. 

consented,  and  was  so  slow  in  his  movements  that  when  he  got  his  / 

battery  in  position  the  necessity  for  his  services  had  ceased."     The 

dilatoriness    of    the    battery,    with    the    vagueness    and    somewhat 

irregular  form  of   Marston's  orders,  put   him  in  a  terrible  state  of 

mind,  and  he  raged  about  in  undisguised  bewilderment,  trying  to 

find  out  "  where  in  h — 1  they  want  my  regiment,  and  where  is  the 

battery  I  am  to  support?" 

Ewell  was  driven  back,  and  retreated  precipitately  toward 
Manassas  Junction.  The  fight  had  cost  Hooker  three  hundred 
men,  mostly  from  the  little  Excelsior  brigade,  which,  now  a  mere 
skeleton  organization,  lost  nearly  one-third  its  number.  Grover's 
brigade  advanced  rapidly  to  lead  the  pursuit.  It  pushed  through 
the  timber  belt,  across  a  portion  of  the  battle  field,  and  through  the 
rebel  camps,  strewn  with  the  personal  belongings  of  the  late  occu- 
pants. There  was  ample  evidence  that  rations  of  fresh  beef  had 
been  issued  that  day  ;  and  when  Grover's  lines  were  clear  of  the 
camps  many  a  bayonet  was  decorated  with  fresh  meat  speared  from 
the  ground  or  from  the  kettles  simmering  over  the  camp  fires. 

Hooker  had  no  cavalry  with  which  to  press  the  enemy,  and 
although    Grover's    brigade   pushed  forward    rapidly    and    without 

" STOXE  WALL ' *  AT  BA  Y. 


once  halting,  it  could  not  get  within  reach  of  the  retreating  force. 
A  rebel  horse  battery,  finely  handled,  took  position  occasionally, 
just  long  enough  to  give  the  Yankees  a  few  shells,  then  slid  to  the 
rear.  The  pursuit  was  pressed  about  two  miles,  being  suspended 
at  nightfall  near  Bristoe  Station,  where  the  divivision  went  into 
bivouac  in  front  of  Broad  Run.  Through  the  night  Hooker's 
pickets  saw  upon  their  front  the 
light  of  burning  trains  and  stores, 
which  Jackson  was  destroying  pre- 
paratory to  an  evacuation  of  the 

In  the  morning  (28th)  Reno's 
division  came  up,  and  after  a  short 
halt  for  rest,  during  which  the 
general  rode  out  to  the  picket  line 
and  made  himself  acquainted  with 
the  position  of  affairs  by  conversa- 
tion with  some  of  the  men,  it 
continued  on  to  Manassas,  which 
was  found  abandoned,  Hill's  rebel 
division  having  moved  in  the  direc- 

tion of  Centreville  three  hours 
before.  In  the  afternoon  Hooker's 
division    also     advanced,     passing 

Michael  A,  Dillon.  Cc,  G. 

Shot  through  the  lungs,  at  Bull  Run, 
August  29,  1862,  in  an  encounter  in  which 
he  shot  the  color  bearer  of  the  Forty-ninth 
Georgia.  He  has  been  given  a  medal  of 
honor — the  only  one  ever  bestowed  upon  a 
member  of  the  Second.  Was  transferred 
to  the  Veteran  Reserve  Corps,  in  the  uni- 
form of  which  he  appears  above.  Has  held 
a  government  clerkship  in  Washington  for 
twenty-five  years  or  more;  now  in  Second 
Auditor's  office.  Prominent  in  the  Grand 
Army  of  the  Republic,  and  founder  of  the 
Union  Veterans'  Union. 

through  the  devastated  Junction, 
and  at  night  went  into  bivouac  at 
Blackburn's  Ford — K  earne  y  '  s 
division  having  preceded  it  to 

The  following  morning  (29th) 
the  division  moved  toward  Centreville.  The  booming  of  cannon 
was  heard,  far  away  to  the  north-west ;  and  as  the  division  moved 
along  Centreville  Heights,  from  which  there  was  a  comprehensive 
view  of  the  country  clear  to  the  Bull  Run  Mountains,  the  smoke  of 
battle  was  seen,  while  long  lines  of  dust  mapped  the  routes  of 
marching  troops. 

Jackson  had  taken  position  near  the  old   Bull  Run  battle  field, 




there  to  await  the  arrival  of  Longstreet,  who  was  hurrying  through 
Thoroughfare  Gap  with  the  other  wing  of  Lee's  army.  Hooker's 
division  followed  the  Warrenton  road  from  Centreville,  crossing 
Bull   Run  at  the    stone    bridge,    and    at    eleven    o'clock    Graver's 

brigade  arrived  on  the  field. 
General  Heintzelman,  as  the  Sec- 
ond passed  him,  was  pointing  out 
to  some  of  the  newly-arrived 
officers  the  positions  of  troops. 
"There,"  he  exclaimed,  pointing 
towards  the  right,  "  is  Kearney's 
line,  extending  from  that  house 
to  where  you  see  that  gun  flash." 
The  position  indicated  was  almost 
the  identical  one  where  Burn- 
side's  brigade  had  opened  the 
first  Bull  Run  battle,  except  that 
Kearney  now  faced  toward  what 
had  been  Burnside's  rear. 

Jackson  occupied  a  strong 
defensive  position,  his  left  near 
Sudley  Ford,  and  his  right  on  the 
Warrenton  road,  near  the  little 
hamlet  of  Groveton.  For  most 
of  this  distance  the  line  was  along  the  alternate  cuts  and  fills  of  an 
unfinished  railroad  ;  and  his  front,  except  for  a  little  distance  near 
Groveton,  was  screened  by  a  belt  of  thick  woods  from  one  hundred 
to  six  hundred  yards  in  width.  His  own  old  division,  under  Starke, 
held  the  right  of  this  line,  Ewell's  the  centre,  and  A.  P.  HillVthe 

Soon  after  Graver's  arrival  he  was  ordered  to  report  to  General 
Sigel,  whose  troops,  since  early  morning,  had  been  engaging  the 
enemy  in  the  centre.  The  brigade  marched  down  the  Warrenton 
road  toward  Groveton,  past  the  stone  house  and  the  crossing  of  the 
Sudley  road,  and  at  length  filed  into  the  fields  to  the  right,  when 
the  First  Massachusetts  was  sent  forward  to  support  Sigel's  line, 
while  the  remaining  four  regiments   rested   in   two  lines,  sheltered 



John  B.  Mussey,  Co.  E. 

Killed  at  Bull  Run,  August 25,  1862.     He 
enlisted  from  Fisherville  (now  Penacook.) 


1 29 

from  the  enemy's  artillery  by  a  roll  of  the  field  in  front.  The 
position  was  nearly  opposite  the  southern  limit  of  the  woods,  and  in 
view  of  the  batteries  on  Jackson's  right,  which  sent  a  shell  over 
every  little  while  as  a  reminder  to  the  Yankees  that  they  were  being 
watched.  One  of  Sigel's  batteries,  attempting  to  take  position  on 
the  swell  to  the  front  of  the  brigade,  met  a  reception  so  prompt  and 
hot  from  the  rebel  guns  that  it  fled  precipitately,  tearing  down 
through  the  ranks  of  its  supports,  who  cheerfully  gave  it  the  right 
of  way.  A  single  battery 
could  not  have  lived  ten 
minutes  in  that  position. 

From  the  woods  there 
came  the  sounds  of  an 
irregular,  dropping  fire  of 
musketry,  occasionally  swell- 
ing into  a  businesslike  volley, 
then  receding  to  the  old 
monotony.  At  three  o'clock 
Grover  received  orders  to 
advance  and  attack  the  ene- 
my. The  brigade  at  once 
moved  up  to  the  edge  of  the 
woods,  and  there  formed  in 
order  for  battle.  Grover 
placed  his  command  in  two 
lines — the  Second  in  the 
center  of  the  first,  with  the 
First  Massachusetts  on  its 
right  and  the  Eleventh  on 
the  left.  The  advance  was 
to  be  over  the  ground  where  Milroy's  brigade  of  Sigel's  corps  had 
been  engaged  all  day,  against  the  center  of  Jackson's  position,  held 
by  Ewell's  division.  Milroy  rode  up  to  Grover,  meeting  him  just 
to  the  rear  of  the  Second,  where  the  two  were  joined  by  the  regi- 
mental commanders.  There  was  an  earnest  consultation,  lasting 
but  a  few  moments.  "  They  are  behind  a  railroad  bank,  and  the 
only  way  you  can  dislodge  them  is  to  charge,"  some  of  the  men 

Charles  0.  Collister,   Co,  G, 

Killed  at  Bull  Run,  August  29,  1862.    He  was 
from  Peterborough. 



heard  Milroy  say — and  they  then  knew  what  was  coming.  Colonel 
Marston  came  forward  and  gave  the  order  to  "  fix  bayonets  !  " 
Grover  rode  the  length  of  the  line,  telling  the  men  they  were  to  fire 

one  volley,  then  rely  upon  the 
bayonet.  Then  he  took  position 
in  rear  of  the  left  wing  of  the 
Second  and  gave  the  order  to 

Slowly  and  steadily  the  line 
went  forward.  No  sound  was 
heard  but  the  crashing  of  the 
brush,  with  an  occasional  mut- 
tered order,  such  as  "  Give  way 
to  the  right,"  or  "to  the  left." 
The  left  of  the  line  approached 
an  open  field,  and  a  halt  was 
ordered  while  Grover  went  for- 
ward to  reconnoiter  the  front. 
A  dozen  bullets,  either  one  of 
which  came  near  costing  the 
service  a  good  general,  warned 
him  of  the  presence  of  a  vigilant 
enemy.  Many  of  Milroy's  dead 
and  wounded  were  scattered 
about ;  it  was  also  evident  that 
a  few  of  his  effectives  were  lying  low,  watching  the  enemy,  near  the 
edge  of  the  open  in  front  of  the  Second.  Some  of  these  arose  and 
passed  to  the  rear  as  Grover's  line  came  up. 

From  Milroy's  official  report  it  also  appears  that  he  had  a 
regiment  in  line  not  far  to  the  left,  possibly  overlapped  at  this  time 
by  the  Eleventh  Massachusetts.  At  any  rate,  after  spying  out  the 
land  to  the  front,  Grover  moved  the  brigade  a  considerable  distance 
by  the  right  flank  before  closing  with  the  enemy.  There  was  a 
spirit  of  grim  determination  in  that  line.  In  the  New  Hampshire 
section,  it  was  understood  and  agreed  that  the  Old  Second  was  to 
be  put  in,  this  time,  "for  all  she  was  worth."  Every  man  knew 
the  supreme  moment  was  close  at  hand,  and  was  nerved  for  the 

William  0,  Morgrage,  Co.  I. 

Killed  at  Bull  Run,  August  29,  1862.  Shot 
through  the  body,  he  was  brought  out  of  the 
woods,  and  lay  in  the  field,  dying,  while  the 
fight  was  renewed  around  him.  "  How  bad 
are  you  hit,  Billy?"  inquired  a  comrade.  "A 
man  can  not  live  long,  suffering  as  I  am,"  he 
calmly  answered,  and  shortly  expired.  He  was 
from  Goffstown. 



Hardly  had  the  advance  been  resumed  when  there  was  a  crash 
of  rebel  musketry,  an  answering  roar  of  Yankee  cheers,  and  almost 
instantly  the  Second  was  pouring  over  the  railroad  embankment. 
The  dash  was  evidently  a  sur- 
prise to  the  rebels,  as  most  of 
them,  having  delivered  their 
fire,  were  closely  hugging  the 
ground  under  cover  of  the 
bank.  They  were  expecting  a 
return  volley,  apparently,  but 
had  not  anticipated  looking  into 
the  muzzles  of  the  guns  that 
delivered  it.  Those  who  made 
a  fight  were  instantly  shot  or 
bayonetted,  and  in  less  time 
than  it  has  taken  to  write  it  the 
rebel  first  line  was  disposed  of. 
Some  threw  up  their  hands  and 
cried  for  mercy ;  some,  doubt- 
less, "  played  possum, 

lying  as 

if  dead  and    making    no 


Corpl.  Charles  H,  Smiley,  Co,  I. 

Killed  at  Bull  Run,  August  29,  1862.  So  far 
as  known,  no  one  saw  him  fall.  Shot  down  in 
the  brush,  it  is  only  known  that  he  was  miss- 
ing and  never  returned.  Was  from  Manches- 

while  others,  as  soon  as  they 
could  realize  what  had  hap- 
pened,   made    a  break    for   the 

rear,  closely  followed  by  the  men  of  the  Second,  now  wild  with  the 
rage  of  battle.  There  was  a  desperate  dash  for  a  stand  of  rebel 
colors,  but  they  were  saved  by  the  fleetness  of  their  bearer  and  the 
devoted  bravery  of  the  color  guard. 

Yet  in  this  wild  turmoil  of  murder  there  were  not  wanting 
instances  of  man's  humanity  to  man.  One  fleeing  rebel,  tripped  by 
a  bullet  or  some  other  obstruction  to  locomotion,  and  cumbered  by 
two  or  three  rolls  of  blankets  (probably  spoils  from  Manassas), 
pitched  headlong ;  and  down  in  the  same  heap  went  Sergeant 
Wasley.  Quick  as  a  flash  Wasley  yanked  from  the  Johnny's  belt  a 
ferocious  looking  "  Yankee  killer,"  fashioned  from  a  huge  flat  file — 
such  as  many  of  that  regiment  seemed  to  carry  for  side  arms — and 
swung  it  aloft  for  the  finishing  blow.     The  poor  fellow's  eye  caught 



the  glint  of  the  vengeful  steel 
just  in  season,  and  in  a  piteous 
tone  he  gasped  out :  "Oh,  for 
God's  sake— do  n't.'"  The 
blow  was  suspended.  "  All 
right,  Johnny  !  "  said  Wasley, 
as,  pushing  the  weapon  into 
his  own  belt,  he  scrambled  to 
his  feet. 

The  fragments  of  the  first 
line  were  driven  in  upon  a 
second,  a  few  rods  beyond  the 
railroad,  and  here  occurred 
the  most  desperate  fighting  of 
the  da  y — a  hand  -  to  -  hand 
melee  with  bayonets  and 
clubbed  muskets.  Such  a 
fight  cannot  last  long.  New 
Hampshire  won.  The  second 
rebel  line  was  routed  and  scat- 
tered to  the  rear.  By  this 
time  no  semblance  of  organization  was  left  in  the  Second,  but  the 
men  still  on  their  feet  dashed  on  again,  every  one  for  himself.  A 
third  line  was  encountered  ;  but  the  charge  had  spent  its  force. 
The  scattered  men  of  the  Second  halted  close  up  to  the  enemy,  and 
loaded  and  fired  as  rapidly  as  possible  in  an  effort  to  hold  the 
position  they  had  won  until  supports  could  come  up. 

But  it  was  soon  apparent  that  the  Second's  headlong  dash  had 
carried  it  much  farther  than  the  rest  of  the  line  had  advanced. 
The  Eleventh,  on  its  left,  had  crossed  the  embankment  and  pulver- 
ized the  first  line,  but  was  thrown  back  by  the  second  line,  assisted 
by  the  fire  of  rebel  artillery  to  which  its  left  flank  became  exposed. 
The  First  had  been  able  to  carry  but  a  portion  of  the  first  line,  and 
not  to  hold  that  long.  Grover  rushed  the  Sixteenth,  from  the 
second  line,  into  the  gap  the  Second  had  cut,  in  an  effort  to  flank 
the  enemy  ;  but  it  was  without  avail.  Ewell's  division  had  been 
given  a  terrible  shaking  up ;  but  the  brigades  of  Starke  and  Bradley 

First  Sergt,  Frank  0.  Robinson,  Co.  C. 

Killed  at  Bull  Run,  August  29,  1862.  Shot 
through  the  bowels,  he  was  left  near  the  railroad 
bank,  dying.  "  I  might  have  brought  him  out," 
said  Captain  Carr,  a  few  minutes  later,  "  but  he 
was  dying — is  dead  by  this  time — so  I  helped  nut 
one  of  my  men  who  has  a  chance  to  recover."  He 
was  from  Manchester. 



T.  Johnson  were  at  this  critical  moment  hurried  up  from  the  rebel 
right  and  thrown  upon  drover. 

The  Second  held  on  until  it  found  itself  not  only  overwhelmed 
in  front,  but  flanked,  and  with  rebels  passing  to  its  rear,  when  the 
men  made  a  break  to  escape  capture.  As  they  recrossed  the  rail- 
road bank  they  were  exposed  to  a  murderous  fire  from  each  flank, 
to  say  nothing  of  the  very  bad  language  used  by  the  rebels  in 
calling  upon  them  to  stop  ;  and  a  few  minutes'  delay  would  have 
found  that  gap  closed  and  almost  the  entire  regiment  securely 

just  after  recrossing  the  railroad  the  writer  came  upon  Lieut. 
Sylvester  Rogers,  of  Company  G.  He  had  one  wound  through  the 
k  n  e  e — t  h  e  leg  apparently 
broken — and  another  through 
the  small  of  the  back,  which 
was  bleeding  profusely.  One 
of  his  own  company,  with  an 
arm  around  him,  was  trying 
to  lift  and  urge  him  forward. 
With  the  writer's  assistance 
he  was  carried  several  rods, 
when,  in  answer  to  the  words 
of  encouragement,  "  Cheer 
up,  Rogers,  we  will  carry  you 
safely  out  of  this,"  he  uttered 
a  faint  moan,  gasped,  his 
fell  forward — he  was  dead. 
Lieutenant  Marshall  says 
Rogers  was  wounded  well  up 
to  the  rebel  third  line,  and 
he  (Marshall)  sent  a  man 
back  with  him  to  help  him 
out.  It  is  probable  that  he 
received  the  fatal  wound  in 
the  back  while  running  the 
gauntlet  at  the  railroad.  While  Marshall  can  not  recall  its  char- 
acter, he  does  not  think  the  wound  that  started  him  to  the  rear  was 
a  mortal  one. 

Sergt.  Lyman  A.  Dickey,  Co.  I. 

Just  as  soon  as  he  came  upon  the  railroad  bank 
a  rebel,  seated  on  the  ground,  fired  up  at  him,  the 
ball  traversing  almost  the  entire  length  of  his 
forearm.  It  will  always  be  an  open  question 
whether  that  fellow  was  kicked  or  slabbed  to  death, 
as  Dickey's  heels  and  bayonet  landed  on  him  at 
the  same  moment.  He  now  lives  in  Londonderry: 
P.  O.  address,  Wilson's  Crossing. 



Capt,  Joshua  F.  Littlefield,  Co.  B, 

He  entered  the  service  from  Somersworth  as  First  Lieut,  of 
Company  F,  and  in  August  was  promoted  to  Captain.  Before 
leaving  the  Peninsula  he  had  been  appointed  Lieut. -Colonel  of 
the  Eleventh  N.  H.,  but  determined  to  go  through  this  cam- 
paign with  the  Second  before  joining  his  new  command.  In 
the  charge  over  the  railroad  he  was  severely  wounded  and  left 
in  the  hands  of  the  enemy.  He  lay  upon  the  field  several  days, 
until  rescued  by  a  Union  relief  party,  and  lingered  until  Sep- 
tember 17,  when  he  died.  The  abave  portrait,  furnished  by 
Littlefield  Post,  G.  A.  R.,  of  Somersworth,  is  a  copy  of  the 
picture  hanging  in  their  post  room. 

The  brigade  came  straggling  back  into  the  field  where  it  had 
been  formed  for  the  charge,  but  here  the  flight  ended,  the  men 
rallying  on  the  flags  of  their  respective  regiments  with  a  spirit 
which  showed  how  little  daunted  they  were  by  the  ordeal  through 
which  they  had  passed.  A  line  was  gathered,  facing  the  woods,  its 
left  resting  on  a  detached  clump  of  bushes  an  acre  or  so  in  extent. 
At  this  time  a  brigade  of  the  Ninth  Army  Corps  came  up  and 
advanced  into  the  woods  just  to  the  right.  The  Second  noted  from 
the  flags  that  one  of  its  regiments  was  the  Sixth  New  Hampshire  ; 
but  there  was  no  time  then  to  go  a-visiting.    There  was  heard  a  roll 


of  musketry,  and  in  a  short  time  the  scattered  squads  came  pouring 
back  as  Graver's  men  had  done,  the  brigade  having  lost  over  five 
hundred  men. 

This  repulse  was  followed  by  the  immediate  advance  of  Pender's 
brigade  of  Hill's  division.  The  counter  attack  fell  directly  on  the 
gathered  fragments  of  Graver's  brigade,  and  the  Second  again 
caught  the  brunt  of  the  fight  and  was  the  last  to  fall  back.  The 
rebel  line  which  appeared  in  the  edge  of  the  woods  was  greeted 
with  a  destructive  fire  at  short  range,  but  there  was  not  enough  of 
it  ;  and  at  last  the  Second — still  preserving  its  line,  though  men  of 
all  companies  were  mingled  together — fell  slowly  back  toward  the 
Dogan  ridge,  on  which  the  batteries  were  posted.  The  rebel  line 
followed  a  short  distance — as  far,  probably,  as  was  consistent  with 
Jackson's  purpose  of  a  strictly  defensive  fight ;  but  its  retirement  to 
the  woods  was  visibly  accelerated  by  the  fire  of  the  batteries.  In 
this  closing  tussle  the  Second  lost  a  number  of  its  best  men,  among 
the  killed  being  Lieutenant  Norton  R.  Moore,  whose  hand,  at  the 
time  of  his  death,  bore  the  still  unhealed  wound  he  had  received  at 
Oak  Grove. 

The  remnants  of  the  brigade  were  now  assembled  in  a  little 
grove  by  the  side  of  Young's  Branch,  and  the  rolls  called.  Out  of 
about  fifteen  hundred  men  the  brigade  had  lost  four  hundred  and 
eighty-six,  killed,  wounded,  and  missing.  The  heaviest  loss  had 
fallen  upon  the  Second,  which,  out  of  three  hundred  and  thirty-two 
officers  and  men,  reported  sixteen  killed,  eighty-seven  wounded, 
and  twenty-nine  missing.  Subsequent  revision,  when  the  fate  of  all 
had  been  definitely  ascertained,  with  the  addition  of  the  mortally 
wounded,  raised  the  regiment's  death  roll  in  this  battle  to  thirty- 
eight — more  than  eleven  per  cent,  of  the  number  engaged.  The 
Second  had  been  decimated.  In  addition  to  the  three  officers  who 
lost  their  lives  (Littlefield,  Moore,  and  Rogers),  seven  were 
wounded.  Lieutenant  Holman  received  a  terrible  wound  in  the 
thigh,  and  never  rejoined  the  regiment.  Lieutenant  Cooper,  shot 
through  the  right  lung,  was  supposed  to  be  mortally  wounded,  but 
came  around,  in  time,  "  as  good  as  new."  Lieutenants  Ballard, 
Roberts,  Steele,  Young  and  Gordon  received  wounds  of  greater  or 
less  severity. 


The  lot  of  the  severely  wounded,  many  of  whom  were  left  in  the 
hands  of  the  enemy,  was  most  deplorable.  By  the  retreat  of  their 
own  people,  and  the  withdrawal  of  the  enemy  with  practically  no 
provisions  for  their  care,  they  were  almost  literally  abandoned  to 
their  fate.  The  experience  of  Corporal  William  Dunton,  of  Com- 
pany A,  as  narrated  in  the  printed  History  of  Fitzwilliam,  is  an 
illustration  of  what  others  must  have  suffered  before  rescued  by  a 
party  sent  out  nearly  a  week  later  to  bury  the  dead  and  bring  in 
the  wounded  who  were  still  alive  : 

"  He  was  struck  by  a  ball  on  the  right  cheek,  which  passing 
through  his  mouth  so  as  to  break  up  the  bone  and  teeth  of  the 
entire  upper  jaw,  came  out  just  below  the  left  eye.  Dunton  fell 
and  was  left  for  dead  when,  shortly  after,  they  were  obliged  to 
retreat.  Being  now  a  prisoner,  he  was  stripped  of  nearly  all  his 
clothes  and  of  almost  everything  he  had,  by  the  enemy,  and  left  to 
die.  Finding  his  mouth  and  throat  fast  filling  up  from  the  swelling 
of  the  mangled  flesh,  he  succeeded  in  getting  his  knife  from  his 
pocket  and  deliberately  cut  away  the  torn  flesh,  and  so  cleared  his 
mouth  as  far  as  possible.  Hours  passed,  and  so  did  nights  and 
days.  No  relief  came.  He  could  not  cry  out,  or  even  speak  aloud, 
and  could  not  have  swallowed  a  morsel  of  food  or  a  drop  of  water, 
if  he  had  had  either.  For  six  days  and  nights  he  endured  this 
agony,  but  on  the  seventh  morning  he  was  discovered  by  a  party  of 
our  own  men  who  were  burying  the  dead.  He  was  still  alive,  but 
so  weak  that  the  men  despaired  of  his  living  till  he  could  reach  a 
hospital.  He  was  at  length  placed  in  the  hands  of  surgeons  at 
Washington,  D.  C,  five  of  whom  decided  no  human  skill  could  save 
him.  Still,  desiring  to  give  him  a  chance  for  recovery,  they  dressed 
his  wounds,  inserted  a  tube  in  his  throat,  and  finally  succeeded  in 
having  him  swallow  a  few  drops  of  brandy,  which  revived  him. 
Dunton  was  fed  in  this  way  for  more  than  four  weeks,  and  still 
lives,  after  more  than  twenty  years  [1888],  to  tell  the  story  of  his 
sufferings,  and  to  remind  all  who  meet  him  of  the  enormous  cost 
involved  in  saving  our  country." 

Official  reports,  and  history,  have  done  full  justice  to  the  charge 
of  Grover's  brigade.     General  Heintzelman  says  in  his  report : 

"  It  was  on  this  occasion  that  General  Grover's  brigade  made 



the  most  gallant  and  determined  bayonet  charge  of  the  war.  He 
broke  two  of  the  enemy's  lines,  but  was  finally  repulsed  by  the 
overwhelming  numbers  in  the  enemy's  third  line.  It  was  a  hand- 
to-hand  conflict,  using  the  bayonet  and  the  butt  of  the  musket.  In 
this  fierce  encounter,  of 
not  over  twenty  minutes' 
duration,  the  Second  New 
Hampshire,  Colonel  Mars- 
ton,  suffered  the  most. 
The  First,  Eleventh  and 
Sixteenth  Massachusetts 
and  Twenty-sixth  Penn- 
sylvania were  engaged." 

The  following  extract 
from  General  Milroy's 
official  report  is  also  in- 
teresting as  showing  how 
Grover's  charge  appeared 
from  his  standpoint : 

"  Toward  evening 
General  Grover  came  up 
with  his  New  England 
brigade.  I  saw  him  form- 
ing a  line  to  attack  the 
rebel  stronghold  in  the 
same  place  I  had  been  all 
day,  and  advised  him  to 
form  his  line  more  to  the 

William  A,  Hayward,  Co.  A, 

After  serving  a  three  months  term  in  the  Third 
Massachusetts,  he  went  to  Concord  and  enlisted  as  a 
recruit  in  the  Second  N.  H.,  being  assigned  to  Co.  A, 
in  which  was  his  brother,  Allen  B.  He  was  wounded 
in  the  face  by  a  buckshot,  at  Glendale,  and  met  his 
fate  at  Bull  Run,  August  29,  1862,  when  he  was  hit 
in  the  right  thigh  by  a  musket  ball,  and  had  his  left 
leg  broken  below  the  knee  by  a  fragment  of  shell.  He 
died  on  the  field  while  the  surgeons  were  amputating 
his  limb. 

left,  and  charge  bayonets 
on  arriving  at  the  railroad  track,  which  his  brigade  executed  with 
such  telling  effect  as  to  drive  the  rebels  in  clouds  before  their 
bayonets.  Meanwhile  I  had  gathered  the  remnant  of  my  brigade, 
ready  to  take  advantage  of  any  opportunity  to  assist  him.  I  soon 
discovered  a  large  number  of  rebels  fleeing  before  the  left  flank  of 
Grover's  brigade.  They  passed  over  an  open  space  some  five 
hundred  yards  in  width  in  front  of  my  reserved  regiment,  which  I 
ordered   to   fire  on  them,  which  they  did,  accelerating   their  speed 



and  discomfiture  so  much  that  I  ordered  a  charge.  My  regiment 
immediately  dashed  out  of  the  woods  we  were  in  down  across  the 
meadows  in  front  of  us  after  the  retreating  foe,  but  before  their 
arrival   at   the   other  side   of  the    meadow    the    retreating    column 

received  a  heavy  support  from 
the  railroad  below,  and  soon 
rallying,  came  surging  back, 
driving  before  their  immense 
columns  Grover's  brigade  and 
my  handful  of  men." 

That  night  Hooker's  divis- 
ion slept  upon  the  ground 
where  Burnside's  brigade  had 
opened  the  battle  of  1861  ;  the 
Second  Regiment  on  almost 
the  identical  spot  where  it  had 
formed  its  first  battle  line  in 
face  of  the  enemy.  The  fore- 
noon of  the  30th  passed  rather 
quietly  on  Hooker's  front. 
Jackson  maintained  his  position 
of  the  previous  day,  and  there 
was  an  occasional  feint  or  little 
brush  at  various  points.  A 
movement  of  rebel  troops  in 
the  vicinity  of  Groveton,  early  in  the  forenoon,  led  to  a  short-lived 
belief  that  the  rebels  were  retreating.  At  two  o'clock  in  the  after- 
noon the  battle  was  renewed  in  earnest  upon  the  plateau  to  the 
south  and  west.  Viewed  from  Hooker's  position,  the  battle  field 
lay  in  the  form  of  an  immense  V,  with  arms  a  mile  or  more  in 
length,  and  its  point  near  Groveton.  The  northerly  arm  was  the 
scene  of  the  battle  of  the  29th,  while  the  fighting  of  the  30th  was 
mainly  on  the  southerly  line,  from  Groveton  to  the  Henry  Hill. 

Hooker's  men  were  interested  spectators  of  Longstreet's  attack 
on  McDowell's  corps,  nearly  the  whole  of  the  battle  line  being 
visible.  At  four  o'clock  the  battle  had  grown  to  tremendous 
proportions,  and  soon  after  this  hour  the  order  suddenly  rang  out 

Johnson  N.  Danforth,  Co.  B. 

Wounded  at  Bull  Run,  August  29,  1862, 
and  died  of  wounds  October  4,  1862.  He  was 
from  Hopkinton. 


for  the  division  to  "  Fall  in  I  "  There  were  indications  of  an 
advance  on  Hooker  from  a  point  near  Groveton.  A  rebel  battery 
opened  fire,  and  some  of  Hooker's  guns  responded  ;  but  when  the 
division  moved  forward,  the  rebel  force  which  had  uncovered  went 
quickly  back  to  the  cover  of  the  woods. 

The  excitement  of  this  little  flurry  had  hardly  quieted  down 
when  an  aide  arrived  with  orders  for  the  entire  division  to  cross  to 
the  other  hill  immediately.  Batteries  were  limbered  up  in  a  hurry, 
and  the  troops  were  off  at  the  double-quick  in  the  direction  indi- 
cated. Moving  from  one  point  to  another,  Grover's  brigade  came 
into  position  several  times,  but  did  not  become  engaged  ;  and  it 
was  a  coincidence  worth  mentioning  that  the  last  line  formed  by 
the  Second  was  on  the  Sudley  road,  in  front  of  the  Henry  house, 
where  Companies  B  and  I  had  made  the  last  stand  the  year  before. 
In  the  movements  of  troops  it  was  now  plainly  to  be  seen  that  the 
battle  was  lost ;  and  when  Grover's  brigade  at  last  marched  down 
the  hill  and  turned  into  the  Warrenton  road,  it  came  under  a  terrific 
fire  from  artillery  which  Longstreet  had  massed  to  sweep  the  valley. 
Everything  on  foot  or  on  wheels  was  going  to  the  rear  on  the  run, 
when  its  turn  came ;  but  there  was  no  panic  or  rout. 

( Irover's  brigade  forded  Bull  Run  Creek  a  short  distance  above 
the  stone  bridge,  through  water  waist  deep,  and  before  midnight 
was  in  camp  at  Centreville,  where  it  remained  until  the  afternoon 
of  August  1  st.  On  that  day  Jackson  attempted  to  gain  a  lodgment 
on  Pope's  line  of  communications,  between  Centreville  and  Fairfax 
Court  House,  and  the  battle  of  Chantilly  ensued.  Late  in  the 
afternoon  Kearney's  division,  followed  by  Hooker's,  was  sent  to 
support  Stevens'  division  of  the  Ninth  Corps,  which  had  been 
attacked.  The  rebels  were  driven  back,  but  both  Stevens  and 
Kearney  were  killed. 

The  battle  was  fought  in  a  cold,  pouring  rain.  Grover's  brigade, 
with  pickets  thrown  to  the  front,  was  posted  in  line  along  the  Cen- 
treville road,  which  was  crowded  with  the  trains  pushing  toward 
Washington.  Cold  and  shivering,  the  men  stood  in  line  in  the 
dense  jungle  of  dripping  bushes,  while  the  battle  raged  upon  the 
right.  There  was  some  comfort  to  be  got  out  of  the  situation,  in 
nagging  the  demoralized  stragglers  who  always  form  the  fringe  of  a 

1 40  SECOND  NE  W  HA  MPS  HIRE. 

fight,  and  urging  the  nervous  teamsters  to  hurry  on  out  of  the  way 
before  the  fight  commenced  right  there. 

The  fighting  was  kept  up  long  after  the  darkness  of  night  had 
come,  but  Grover's  brigade  did  not  become  engaged.  When  the 
firing  had  died  out,  the  brigade  was  moved  to  the  right,  near  the 
scene  of  the  fighting,  where  it  spent  a  comfortless  night,  one-third 
of  the  men  remaining  under  arms,  while  the  rest  "went  to  bed"  in 
what  the  sense  of  feeling  indicated  was  a  flooded  sweet  potato  field. 

Two  days  later,  on  the  afternoon  of  September  3d,  Heintzel- 
man's  corps  arrived  at  Fort  Lyon,  near  Alexandria,  and  became  a 
part  of  General  Banks'  command,  occupying  the  defences  of 
Washington,  while  the  army  was  engaged  in  the  campaign  which 
culminated  at  Antietam. 

Official  Report  of  Captain  Joab  N.  Patterson. 

Headquarters  Second  N.  H.  Vols.,  First  Brig.,  Grover's  Div., 

September  14,  lSb2. 

Sir:  In  accordance  with  instructions  I  have  to  report  the  following  as  the  proceedings  of  this 
regiment  from  the  date  of  its  arrival  at  Alexandria,  Va.,  from  the  vicinity  of  Harrison's  Land- 
ing, Va. : 

The  regiment  left  Alexandria,  Va.,  by  railroad  on  Monday,  August  25,  1862,  and  arrived  at 
Warrenton  Junction  during  the  night;  from  thence  went  into  camp  about  one  mile  from  the 
point  of  debarkation.  Subsequently  we  were  engaged  in  marches  and  battling  with  the  enemy 
until  our  arrival  in  the  vicinity  of  Fort  Lyon,  Va.,  September  3,  1862. 

I  have  here  to  say  that  I  possess  no  data  from  which  to  compile  an  adequate  summary  of  the 
proceedings  of  the  regiment  from  the  date  of  its  march  from  Alexandria,  but  know  that  Colonel 
Marston,  now  absent  with  leave  at  Washington,  is  possessed  of  the  required  information,  and 
desires  to  make  the  report  thereon. 

Very  respectfully,  your  obedient  servant, 

Captain,  Commanding  Second  New  Hampshire  Volunteers. 
Lieut.  C.  H.  Lawrence, 

Acting  Assistant  Adjutant-General, 


SEPTEMBER     4,     1862,     TO     FEBRUARY     25,     1863. ON    DUTY    IN    THE 









OON  after  arriving  at  Alexandria  both  Hooker 
and  Grover  were  assigned  to  more  important 
commands,  Sickles  succeeding  Hooker  in  com- 
mand of  the  division.  After  remaining  a  few- 
days  near  Fort  Lyon,  the  First  Brigade  moved 
over  to  near  Fairfax  Seminary,  going  into 
camp  to  the  rear  of  Fort  Ward.  Work  enough 
was  found  to  keep  the  men  out  of  mischief. 
A  strong  picket  was  maintained,  about  two 
miles  out,  and  large  details  were  made  almost 
everv  day  for  work  on  the  fortifications.  The  brigade  built  a  line 
of  rifle  pits  between  Forts  Ward  and  Worth,  and  picket  and  fatigue 
duties  combined  became  so  excessive  as  to  cause  much  dissatisfac- 
tion among  the  men ;  especially  as  much  of  the  work  in  both 
directions  was  more  a  matter  of  furbelows  than  of  utility.  A  picket 
tour  generally  meant  an  absence  from  camp  from  morning  until 
well  into  the  night  of  the  next  day,  often  in  a  cold  fall  rain  storm, 
and  with  a  prohibition  against  fires  more  exacting  than  was  the  rule 
in  face  of  the  enemy.  And  the  men  did  not  take  kindly  to  the 
work  of  trimming  the  forts — adding  a  few  inches  here,  and  shaving 
off  a  few  inches  there,  to  please  the  critical  eye  and  fancy  of  the 
engineer  officer  who  rode  over  from  Washington  in  a  carriage  to 
lav  out  the  work. 



This  discontent  made  it  easy  for  a  number  of  the  Second  to 
transfer  their  allegiance  to  the  regular  cavalry  under  a  recent  order 
permitting  men  in  the  volunteer  service  to  serve  out  their  terms  in 
the  regular  cavalry  or  artillery.  Colonel  Marston  was  terribly  exer- 
cised, one  late  October  morning,  on  learning  that  a  squad  of  the 
best  men  of  Company  I — some  of  the  original  members — after  a 
forty  hours'  picket  turn  in  the  rain  and  without  fires,  had  gone 
down  to  Alexandria  and  enlisted  into  the  Second  U.  S.  Cavalry  ; 
and  when,  the  next  day,  they  packed  their  knapsacks  and  marched 
off,  he  sent  a  sergeant's  squad  to  bring  them  back.  It  was  of  no 
use,  however.     The  squad  were  ordered  away  from  the  rendezvous 

by  Colonel  Starr,  the  officer  in 
charge,  in  a  very  peremptory  man- 
ner. The  Second  lost  nearly  thirty 
men,  whom  it  could  illy  spare,  by 
this  crusade.   - 

But  so  far  as  the  quartermas- 
master's  department  could  provide, 
the  troops  were  made  very  com- 
fortable. September  19th,  the  men 
received  their  knapsacks,  which  had 
been  placed  on  barges  at  Harrison's 
Landing.  Soon  after,  Sibley  tents, 
with  stoves  and  fuel,  were  supplied, 
and  there  was  food,  clothing  and 
blankets  in  abundance. 

Still  it  was  with  unalloyed 
pleasure  that,  on  the  first  day  of 
November,  the  division  broke  camp 
and  again  set  its  face  toward  the 
foe.  That  day  the  First  Brigade 
marched  eight  or  nine  miles  in  the  direction  of  Fairfax  Court 
House,  and  the  next  day  to  within  three  miles  of  Manassas  Junc- 
tion, camping  by  the  side  of  Bull  Run  Creek.  On  the  3d,  the 
larger  part  of  Sickles'  division  was  assembled  at  the  Junction,  and 
was  at  once  distributed  to  cover  the  Orange  and  Alexandria 
Railroad  as  far  as  Warrenton  Junction,  relieving  the  various 
detachments  of  Sigel's  corps. 

Jonas  Forristall,  Co.  A. 

Died  of  disease,  at  Fairfax  Sem'y  Gen'l 
Hospital,  October  26,  1862.  He  was  from 



November  5  th,  the  Second  Regiment  was  sent  to  occupy 
Centreville  Heights,  relieving  the  One  Hundred  and  Twentieth 
New  York,  a  new  regiment  of  the  Second  Brigade.  A  very  strong 
defensive  position  was  taken  up,  on  an  area  inclosed  by  three  of  the 
old  rebel  redoubts,  in  each  of 
which  a  section  of  artillery 
was  posted,  after  a  few  days. 
The  log  barracks  occupied  by 
the  rebels  the  previous  winter 
were  a  mine  of  wealth,  afford- 
ing an  abundance  of  well 
seasoned  firewood  ready  to 
hand,  and  from  which  were 
quarried  boards  enough  to 
erect  a  veritable  "  Slab  City  " 
on  the  hill.  The  busy  men  of 
the  Second  knocked  this 
together  in  a  few  days ;  and 
although  not  quite  up  to  the 
highest  architectural  stand- 
ard, vet  comfort  and  content 
found  an  abiding  place 
therein.  Every  shanty  was 
fitted  with  a  stone    fireplace 

and  chimnev,  often  topped  out  with  a  few  courses  of  brick  ;  and 
one  householder  in  that  city — then  a  boy,  but  now  a  gray-haired 
man — in  retrospective  mood  often  snuggles  again  with  his  partner 

(long  since  dead)  in  their  little  six-by-seven  castle,  with  its  deep 
four-foot  fireplace  heaped  with  blazing  logs. 

November  9th,  the  regiment  sent  six  companies  as  guard  for  a 

wagon  train  going  out  to  McClellan,  who  were  absent  three  days. 
The  first  snow  storm  of  the  season  came  on  the  7  th — a  veritable 

blizzard,  with  very  low  temperature.      But  fine  weather  followed, 

and  some  of  the  men  made    trips    to  the    Bull    Run    battle    field. 

One  of  these  parties  brought  in  the  sword  scabbard  of  Lieutenant 

Moore,  which  they    had    picked   up   near   the   spot   where   he  fell. 

Time  passed  very  pleasantly,  on  the  whole,  until   the   iSth,  when 

Edward  I.  Mitchell,  Musician,  Co.  D. 

The  above  picture  is  from  a  wartime  portrait. 
He  now  holds  a  responsible  position  in  the  Gen'l 
Office  of  the  I.  C.  R.  R.,  at  Chicago. 


camp  was  broken,  the  division  having  been  ordered  to  rejoin  the 

army,  then  on  the  line  of  the  Rappahannock  and  under  command 

of  Burnside,  who  had  recently  superseded  McClellan. 

The  Second  was  relieved  by  one  of  Sigel's  regiments,  which  was 

ready  to  march  into  the  shanties  as  soon  as  the  men  who  built  them 

marched    out    into    the    rain. 

Some    crossgrained    fellows 

swore  that  although  thev  had 

spent    a    good    part    of    their 

time    digging     trenches    for 

others  to  fight  behind,  they  'd 

be  blanketyblanked  if  they  'd 

build    barracks    for    the    rear 

guard  to  live  in.     The  result 

was  a  miniature  Moscow  when 

the     Second     evacuated     the 

position.    The  swearing  would 

have    been    appalling    to    the 

well  brought  up  and  sensitive 

New   Hampshire    boys,    if    so 
John  Kenney,  Co,  G.  ,        c    .     ,      ,  ,    , 

much  of   it  had   not  been  in 

Resides  in  Milford.     [See  page  85.] 

strange  tongues  ;  but  it  those 
fellows  were  really  in  earnest  about  wanting  shanties,  there  was  no 
known  objection  to  their  building  some,  as  the  Second  had  done. 

It  rained  continuously  for  several  days,  with  attendant  discom- 
forts and  difficulties  of  moving.  The  second  day's  march  brought 
the  brigade  to  Wolf  Run  Shoals,  a  ford  of  Occoquan  Creek,  not  far 
from  its  entrance  into  the  Potomac.  The  entire  division  remained 
in  camp  at  and  near  this  point  until  the  morning  of  November 
25th,  when  it  marched  to  Dumfries;  26th,  marched  to  Acquia 
Creek  ;  27th,  to  Potomac  Creek  ;  28th,  joined  the  army  in  front  of 

Under  Burnside,  the  army  was  organized  into  three  "  Grand 
Divisions" — the  Right,  Left,  and  Centre,  commanded  by  Sumner, 
Franklin,  and  Hooker,  respectively.  The  Centre  Grand  Division 
comprised  the  Third  and  Fifth  Corps.  General  George  Stoneman 
was  assigned  to  the  command  of  the  Third  Corps,   to  which  was 


added  a  third  division  under  General  Whipple.  Graver's  old 
brigade  was  strengthened  by  the  addition  of  the  Eleventh  New 
Jersey,  and  received  General  Joseph  B.  Carr  as  its  commander. 

For  a  fortnight  the  Second  Regiment  lay  inactive  in  its  camp 
about  two  miles  below  Falmouth.  Although  the  weather  was,  just 
then,  bitter  cold,  and  snow  and  rain  frequent,  it  was  well  under- 
stood the  army  would  not  go  into  winter  quarters  until  it  had  once 
more  tried  conclusions  with  the  enemy.  From  the  steep  bluffs 
upon  the  Falmouth  side  of  the  river  (known  as  Stafford  Heights) 
the  army  could  look  over  into  the  city  of  Fredericksburg,  and  sight- 
seers gathered  daily  to  watch  the  rebels  in  the  town  and  on  the 
fields  and  hills  beyond. 

On  the  nth  of  December  was  commenced  the  battle  of  Fred- 
ericksburg. The  Second  was  out  at  early  dawn,  and  moved  with 
the  division  toward  Falmouth,  to  a  position  where  it  remained, 
awaiting  developements,  through  that  day  and  the  following  night. 
The  Union  artillery,  posted  on  the  flats  along  the  river,  kept  up  a 
tremendous  fire,  the  reverberations  from  height  to  height  making 
a  din  that  was  truly  infernal.  Under  its  cover  attempts  were  made 
to  lay  the  pontoon  bridges ;  but,  time  and  again,  the  workmen  were 
driven  from  their  labors  by  rebel  sharpshooters  concealed  in  the 
houses  near  the  river  bank.  These  obstinately  held  their  ground, 
until  a  forlorn  hope  of  brave  men  ferried  themselves  across  the 
river  in  some  of  the  pontoon  floats,  and  cleared  the  right  bank  of 
the  waspish  riflemen,  when  the  bridges  were  completed  and  a 
sufficient  force  crossed  to  render  them  secure. 

During  the  forenoon  of  December  12th  the  long  columns  of  the 
Right  and  Left  Grand  Divisions  were  crossing  in  a  seemingly 
endless  procession — Sumner  into  the  city,  and  Franklin  a  mile  and 
a  half  below.  The  Centre  Grand  Division  was,  most  of  it,  held  in 
reserve  on  the  Falmouth  side.  The  Third  Corps  was  massed  near 
the  head  of  Sumner's  bridges,  ready  to  cross  to  his  assistance  should 
occasion  require.  Whipple's  division  did  cross  into  the  city  ;  but 
the  First  and  Second  Divisions  moved  down  the  river  to  a  position 
near  Franklin's  crossing ;  and  during  the  night  four  regiments  from 
Carr's  brigade  (including  the  Second)  were  sent  to  guard  Frank- 
lin's two  bridges — the  Second  being  posted  at  the  Fredericksburg 



Charles  F.  Holt,  Co.  G.    The  Soldier  of  '61. 

to  the  extensive  plain  beyond  the 
river  a  partial  view  was  obtained 
of  the  desperate  fighting  of  the 
13th.  A  mile  or  more  to  the 
rio-ht,  above  the  orchard  trees 
and  the  buildings  of  the  city,  the 
crest  of  Marye's  Heights  was  in 
plain  view,  ablaze  with  the  mus- 
ketry and  artillery  fire  which  was 
scourging  Sumner's  columns,  on 
the  plain  below. 

To  the  left,  Franklin  sent 
forward  Meade's  division,  sup- 
ported by  Gibbon's,  which,  after 
a  considerable  success,  were  at 
last  driven  back  upon  Birney's 
and  Sickles'  divisions  of  the 
Third    Corps,    which    meantime 

end  of  the  upper  one, 
where  it  remained  on  duty 
through  the  entire  day  of 
the  13th.  No  person,  ex- 
cept he  was  wounded  or 
had  a  pass  from  a  general 
officer,  was  permitted  to 
pass  to  the  Falmouth  side  ; 
but  the  skulkers  and 
skedaddlers  taxed  human 
ingenuity  with  their  devices 
for  getting  to  the  rear.  It 
was  a  unique  experience 
for  the  Second,  whose 
training  had  taught  them 
more  of  the  ways  of  the 
battle  line  than  of  the 

By  climbing   the   bank 

Charles  F.  Holt.    The  Boniface  of  '95. 
Proprietor  of  the  Lake  House,  at  Antrim. 



13th    the 

had  crossed  the  river  to  their  support.  In  this  affair  a  considerable 
number  of  rebels  were  made  prisoners,  including  one  North  Caro- 
lina regiment  almost  entire.  They  were  sent  back  under  guard  of 
a  detachment  of  Rush's  Lancers,  and  corralled  for  a  time  under  the 
river  bank,  near  the  bridges.  The  Second  men  were  much  amused 
by  the  unsuccessful  efforts  of  the  lieutenant-colonel — the  maddest 
man,  just  then,  in  either  army — to  ferret  out  the  conscienceless 
traitor  who  shouted,  "  Do  n't  fire,  they  are  our  own  men  !  "  when 
the  Yankees  ran  over  his  men  in  the 

At  midnight  of  the 
Second  and  the  Eleventh  Massachu- 
setts were  relieved  at  the  bridges  by 
the  Second  New  York,  and  marching 
up  to  the  front,  joined  the  First  and 
Twenty-sixth — the  only  regiments  of 
the  brigade  then  up.  The  position 
was  in  a  corn  field,  which  had  been 
trampled  and  cut  up  until  the  mud 
was  ankle  deep,  and  those  who  were 
fastidious  about  going  to  bed  in 
such  quarters  whiled  away  the  rest 
of  the  night  in  conversation  with  the 
men  in  the  first  line,  a  proportion 
of  whom  were  under  arms.  The 
two  regiments,  although  not  actively 
engaged  during  the  day,  had  lost 
twenty  or  twenty-five  men  each  from 
rebel  sharpshooters.  The  rebel  camp  fires  gleamed  along  the  low 
hills  to  the  front ;  and  an  occasional  bullet,  whistling  over  the 
brigade  and  striking  in  the  fields  far  to  the  rear,  showed  the  prox- 
imity of  the  rebel  pickets. 

As  the  morning  gradually  broke  the  firing  of  the  pickets  became 
brisker.  The  inability  of  the  Twenty-sixth  men  on  the  outposts  to 
keep  down  the  rebel  fire  was  soon  woefully  apparent.  There  was 
no  cover,  all  the  troops  in  this  part  of  the  field  being  upon  an  open 
plain,  where  the  rebels  could  count  them,  if  they  cared  to,  man  by 

A  Wounded  "Coffee  Cooler." 

At  Bull  Run,  August  29,  Charles  F. 
Holt,  whose  portraits  appear  on  the 
opposite  page,  received  a  musket  ball 
in  the  face,  tearing  away  a  good  part 
of  the  upper  jaw,  with  six  teeth  at- 
tached, and  at  the  same  moment  the 
faithful  servant  hanging  by  his  side 
was  disabled  in  the  manner  shown  in 
above  picture. 



man.  The  great  slugs  fired  from  the  long-range  Mississippi  rifles 
were  bad  enough  and  plenty  enough  ;  but  when,  as  the  mists  lifted, 
a  battery  back  on  the  hills  began  to  shell  the  brigade,  General  Carr 
seemed  to  lose  all  patience.  He  did  what  the  Second's  brigade 
commanders  had  a  habit  of  doing — put  the  Second  to  work  to  keep 
the  enemy  down.    Riding  over  to  the  regiment,  he  directed  Colonel 

Marston  to  "  send  out  twenty 
or  thirty  riflemen  to  stop  that 
battery."  Company  B  was 
at  once  sent  forward  to  that 
duty.  Deploying  as  skirmish- 
ers, they  advanced  rapidly, 
and  soon  their  Sharp's  rifles 
were  heard  barking  on  the 
picket  line.  In  a  very  few 
minutes  the  rebel  gunners 
had  got  all  they  wanted  of  it, 
and  fled  from  their  pieces, 
w  h  i  c  h  were  not  manned 
again  during  the  day. 

Attention  was  then    paid 

to  the  rebel  pickets,  and  the 

skirmish    was   kept    up  until 

Quartermaster  John  S.  Godfrey.  near  night,  the  Second  keep- 

The  original  Quartermaster  of  the  Second. 
He  was  appointed  Captain  and  A.  Q.  M.  Oct. 
31,1861;  under  Burnside.  was  Chief  Quarter- 
master of  the  Centre  Grand  Division  ;  and  was 
brevetted  Major  and  Lieutenant-Colonel.  He 
was  from  Hampton  Falls. 

ing  out  one  company  at  a 
time,  relieving  as  fast  as 
ammunition  was  exhausted. 
The  advanced  position,  when 
once  reached,  afforded  many  advantages  for  cover.  A  plantation 
road  ran,  diagonally,  into  the  rebel  lines,  with  a  ditch,  an  embank- 
ment and  a  post-and-rail  fence  along  the  side  toward  the  rebels. 
There  were  two  or  three  piles  of  lumber  in  the  vicinity,  two  great 
plantation  gate  posts  flanking  the  road,  and  a  burnt  chimney  a  little 
in  advance. 

Each  company,  as  it  went  forward,  was  deployed  as  skirmishers, 
the  men,  as  soon  as  the  enemy's  fire  was  felt,  throwing  themselves 
upon  the  ground  and  creeping  to  position.  The  crawling  movement 



was  too  much  for  Dave.  Steele.     When  he  led  Company   G  out, 
everything  was  harmonious  until  they  shifted  from  the  perpendicu- 
lar to  a  horizontal.     "  Say,  boys,"  he  roared  in  a  voice  which  could 
have  been  heard  far  within 
the   rebel  lines,   "  are   you 
going  to  crawl  out  there  on 
your  bellies  like  a  mess  of 
d — d  snakes?       Attention, 
Company  G  .'  "   Every  man 
was    on    his   feet.      "  For- 
ward, double  quick.''1'1    and 
there    was    a    race  for  the 
front,     where     every     man 
arrived  in  safety. 

The  casualties  of  the 
regiment  during  the  day 
were  remarkably  few,  being 
officially  reported  as  only 
five  wounded.  Including 
the  slightly  wounded,  how- 
ever— men  who  stuck  right 
to  their  business  and  made 
no  fuss  about  it — nearly  a 
dozen  men  were  hit.  Two 
of  Company  B's  men  died 
of  their  wounds  :  William 
E.  Morse  on  the  17  th,  and 

Capt,  David  Steele,  Co.  G, 

The  original  First  Sergeant  of  Co.  G.  Big, 
brawny,  large  hearted,  and  of  dauntless  courage. 
He  was  among  the  pioneers  in  California,  and  a 
fillibuster  with  Walker  in  Nicaragua.  It  was 
just  like  him,  after  serving  a  term  with  distinc- 
tion in  the  Second  and  rising  to  the  rank  of  cap- 
tain, to  enlist  and  serve  as  a  private  in  the 
Eighteenth  N'.  H.  After  the  war  he  went  back 
to  California,  and  died  at  Colusa  County  Hospi- 
tal, October  8,  1890. 

Daniel  S.  Martin  one  day 
later.  Sergeant  Charles  Vickery,  of  Company  I,  was  wounded 
under  exceptional  circumstances.  His  position  as  "  left  general 
guide"  would  have  excused  him  from  the  fight  when  the  whole 
regiment  was  not  engaged  ;  but  when  he  saw  his  company  deploy- 
ing he  decided  to  take  his  share  of  the  fun,  and  followed  it  out. 
Taking  shelter  behind  a  pile  of  lumber,  he  was  taking  a  preliminary 
peep  at  the  front,  when  a  rifleman's  bullet  struck  his  "eagle  plate," 
crumpling  it  up  like  a  piece  of  paper,  and  deflecting  the  bullet  into 
Vickery's  neck. 

1 5  o  SE  COND  NE  W  HAMPSHIRE. 

About  four  o'clock  in  the  afternoon  a  rebel  officer  came  out 
with  a  white  flag,  and  the  firing  ceased  immediately.  A  truce  had 
been  arranged  by  Franklin,  upon  the  left,  for  the  purpose  of  remov- 
ing the  wounded  and  burying  the  dead  left  by  Meade  the  previous 
day ;  but  though  his  skirmishers  had  been  shouting  themselves 
hoarse  to  "Cease  firing  on  the  right  !  "  the  Second  men  industri- 
ously pegged  away  until  the  flag  showed  up. 

At  once  the  men  on  both  sides  straightened  up  out  of  their 
holes,  laid  down  their  arms,  and  mingled  together  between  the  lines 
in  the  most  fraternal  manner.  There  was  an  exchange  of  courtesies, 
and  notes  were  compared  as  to  the  results  of  the  firing.  A  rebel 
colonel  had  had  a  close  call  from,  and  conceived  a  great  admiration 
for,  the  man  behind  the  burnt  chimney,  and  wanted  to  meet  him. 
The  captain  of  the  battery  frankly  acknowledged  that  he  had  been 
roughly  handled  in  the  morning  by  that  company  of  sharpshooters, 
and  wanted  to  know  who  they  were.  When  told  they  were  from 
New  Hampshire,  he  said  one  of  his  men  killed  in  the  affair  was 
from  that  State.  There  was  no  end  of  sharp  but  good-natured 
chaffing,  and  before  the  two  lines  separated  again,  having  got 
acquainted  and  mutually  found  out  what  good  fellows  the  other  side 
were,  come  to  know  them,  it  was  agreed  that  there  should  be  no 
more  picket  shooting ;  a  compact  which  was  religiously  kept  by 
both  parties  on  that  part  of  the  lines. 

Sunday  and  Monday,  the  14th  and  15th,  the  troops  remained  in 
position  upon  the  plain,  and  Monday  night  the  army  was  withdrawn 
across  the  river,  in  perfect  order,  and  leaving  no  material  for  the 
enemy.  The  night  was  favorable  for  the  movement,  being  rainy 
and  dark  and  with  a  high  wind  blowing,  which  drowned  the  noise 
of  rumbling  wheels  and  tramping  feet,  and  the  first  intimation  the 
rebels  had  of  the  retreat  was  when  the  morning  sun  revealed  to 
them  the  unoccupied  plains  on  their  front  and  the  long  blue  lines 
disappearing  over  the  Stafford  Hills. 

On  the  3d  of  January  the  Second,  with  the  rest  of  the  brigade, 
went  into  winter  quarters  about  a  mile  east  of  the  Fitzhugh  house, 
at  which,  later,  General  Sickles  established  his  headquarters.  The 
monotony  of  January  was  relieved  by  participation  in  Burnside's 
"mud  march."      On  the  20th  the  division  left  camp  and  marched 



about  two  miles  in  the 
direction  of  Falmouth,  but 
after  shivering  for  hours  in 
the  cold  rain,  the  troops, 
at  nine  o'clock  in  the  even- 
ing, were  marched  back  to 
their  camps  and  re-habili- 
tated the  dismantled  quar- 
ters for  a  few  hours  of  rest. 
The  following  morning  they 
were  off  again,  and  by 
night  were  near  Banks 
about  six  miles  from  the 
starting  point.  It  rained 
incessantly,  and  the  entire 
country  was  a  quagmire. 
The  infantry,  by  scattering 
and  picking  routes,  were 
able  to  get  along  after  a 
fashion,  but  everything  on 
wheels     was     inextricably 

bogged  and  mired. 


Surgeon  James  M,  Merrow. 

He  was  from  Rollinsford,  and  the  original  Assistant- 
Surgeon;  appointed  Surgeon  to  succeed  Dr.  Hubbard, 
and  was  mustered  out  with  the  old  men,  June  21,  1864. 
He  died  at  Newfield,  Maine,  in  1870. 

field  pieces,  with  a  dozen  horses  attached,  were  stuck  fast  in  the 
mud,  and  the  unwieldy  wagons  of  the  pontoon  train  were  immovably 
anchored,  here  and  there.  Burnside  had  lost  his  opportunity  to 
cross  the  river  by  a  surprise.  On  the  2 2d  details  from  the  division 
were  busy  corduroying  roads,  and  on  the  23d  the  troops  returned 
to  camp.  The  sun,  which  had  been  hidden  from  sight  for  days, 
shone  warm  and  clear  as  soon  as  the  retrogade  movement  began. 

February  5  th,  the  division  marched  to  Hartwood  Church  to 
guard  the  fords  near  there,  while  a  force  of  cavalry  advanced  to 
Rappahannock  Station  and  destroyed  a  bridge  which  the  rebels  had 
recently  constructed.  The  First  Brigade  and  a  battery  were  posted 
near  Richards  and  United  States  Fords,  and  upon  the  return  of  the 
cavalry,  on  the  7th,  the  division  marched  back  to  camp. 









S|^^>  OR  two  weeks  after  its  return  from  Hartwood 
Church  the  Second  performed  the  customary 
routine  of  duty  in  a  winter  camp.  Important 
changes  were  made  in  the  high  commands  of 
the  army.  Hooker  replaced  Burnside,  and 
Sickles  succeeded  Stoneman  in  command  of 
the  Third  Corps.  Berry  took  command  of  the 
division.  But  a  change  was  impending  which 
concerned  the  Second  more  vitally  than  any 
of  these. 

For  months  rumors  had  been  flying  that 
the  Second  Regiment  was  to  be  ordered  to 
New  Hampshire,  until  the  men  had  entirely 
lost  faith,  and  treated  each  new  story  as  sim- 
ply a  camp  canard.  It  transpired  in  time, 
however,  that  the  reports  were  well  founded. 
The  movement  had  been  discussed  in  inner  circles  in  New  Hamp- 
shire, although  no  efforts  appear  to  have  been  made  to  bring  the 
matter  to  a  head  until  after  Hooker's  appointment  to  the  command 
of  the  army.  Then  (as  he  once  related  it  to  the  writer)  Colonel 
Marston  went  to  see  the  Secretary  of  War ;  but  Stanton  said 
Hooker  had  just  been  appointed  to  the  command,  and  the  War 
Department  would  not  feel  justified  in  taking  the  regiment  from 
him  at  that  time.     Marston    thereupon  set  out  to  get    Hooker's 


consent.  "  I  do  not  want  to  lose  that  regiment,"  said  Hooker,  "but 
if  the  President  should  order  it  I  would,  of  course,  send  the  whole 
army  away."  Marston  went  to  see  the  President.  In  the  waiting 
room  of  the  executive  mansion  he  encountered  General  Hooker, 
and  was  fearful  he  was  in  for  it  then,  sure  enough.  But  when 
Hooker  came  out  from  his  interview  with  Lincoln,  he  said  to 
Marston,  "  I  will  issue  the  order."  It  was  evident  Hooker  had 
attended  to  the  matter  himself,  and  in  a  manner  to  please  Marston, 
who  accordingly  retired  without  troubling  the  President. 

There  was  but  the  thinnest  concealment  of  the  fact  that  political 
considerations  were  at  the  bottom  of  the  transfer.  A  sharply 
contested  political  campaign  was  on  in  New  Hampshire,  the  loss  of 
which  by  the  supporters  of  the  administration,  would  have  been 
considered  almost  as  serious  a  disaster  as  the  loss  of  a  battle  in  the 
field.  The  arrival  in  New  Hampshire  of  the  Second  Regiment — 
almost  solidly  Republican — was,  in  fact,  the  turning  point  of  the 

On  Wednesday,  February  25  th,  the  regiment  was  directed  to 
be  ready  for  a  movement  on  the  morrow,  orders  having  been  issued 
for  it  to  report  to  General  Wool,  commanding  the  Department  of 
the  East.  It  is  not  necessary  to  read  between  the  lines  of  the 
following  Special  Orders,  to  catch  the  spirit  of  the  hour  : 

Headquarters  Third  Army  Corps,1 

25th  February,  iSb^. 
Special  Orders,  \ 
No.  13.  \ 

The  General  commanding  cannot  sever,  even  temporarily,  his  relations  with  the  Second  New 
Hampshire  Volunteers,  without  expressing  his  regret  that  this  gallant  regiment  no  longer 
belongs  to  his  command.  Entering  the  service  at  the  beginning  of  the  war,  this  regiment  has 
participated  with  distinction  in  the  combats  which  have  made  the  campaigns  of  this  army 
illustrious.  Unchallenged  in  loyalty  as  in  valor,  the  devotion  of  the  Second  New  Hampshire  to 
our  sacred  cause  is  today  as  unyielding  as  when  the  fall  of  Sumter  inflamed  the  Union.  Sol- 
diers! your  patriotic  State  will  soon  fill  up  your  ranks.  You  will  be  greeted  at  home  with 
affectionate  welcome  by  those  who  appreciate  your  worth  and  share  your  unselfish  love  of 
country.  You  will,  perhaps,  encounter  not  a  few  who  find  everything  to  deplore  in  the  means 
employed  to  suppress  this  rebellion,  and  nothing  to  commend,  except  their  own  exertions  to 
confer  authority  upon  those  who  apologize  for  treason,  and  sue  for  peace  with  the  traitors  who 
spurn  them.  You  have  offered  your  own  lives  for  the  Union.  You  have  buried  many  brave 
comrades  on  the  bloody  fields  of  the  rebellion.  Yon  will  know  how  to  repel  the  approach  of 
renegades  who  would  betray  the  cause  for  which  your  flag  has  been  proudly  borne  in  battle. 
To  your  commanding  officer,  Colonel  Oilman  Marston — twice  wounded  at  the  head  of  his  regi- 
ment, distinguished  for  gallantry  in  the  field  and  for  signal  ability  in  the  national  councils — I 
desire  to  acknowledge  my  obligations  for  his  able  and  zealous  co-operation  as  an  officer  of  this 


Your  comrades  of  those  heroic  Divisions  which  are  forever  inseparable  from  the  names  of 
Hooker  and  Kearney,  will  always  cherish  their  recollection  of  the  glorious  service  in  which  you 
have  been  associated:  nor  will  they  cease  to  look  with  solicitude  to  the  day,  which  all  hope  will 
not  be  distant,  when  you  will  return  to  the  Third  Army  Corps  with  renovated  ranks  and  undi- 
minished ardor,  eager  to  share  with  us  the  honors  of  new  and  eventful  campaigns. 

By  command  of 

D.  E.  Sickles,  Brigadier-General. 
[Signed]  O.  H.  Hart,  A.  A.   General. 

Official:       H.  D.  F.  Young,  Capt.  and  Aide-de-Camp. 

February  26.  The  regiment  marched  to  Stoneman's  Switch; 
thence  by  a  very  slow,  but  sure,  private  train  (mostly  flat  cars)  to 
Belle  Plain,  the  railroad  terminus  on  the  Potomac.  In  an  immense 
pile  of  express  matter  stacked  up  on  the  wharf  some  of  the  men 
found  boxes  sent  them  from  home,  which  had  been  held  up  there 
for  weeks  from  the  inability  of  the  express  agent  to  procure  trans- 
portation to  the  front.  In  spite  of  the  agent's  protests  against  such 
informal  proceedings,  several  men  marched  on  board  the  steamer 
"  Sylvan  Grove"  with  their  belated  boxes  on  their  shoulders. 

Feb.  27.  Disembarked  at  Washington,  and  marched  to  the 
depot  barracks,  or  "Soldiers'  Rest." 

Feb.  28.  Mustered  for  pay,  and  in  the  afternoon  took  cars  for 

March  1.  Arrived  at  Philadelphia  in  the  morning,  and  had 
dinner  at  the  Soldiers'  Refreshment  Saloon.  Arrived  in  New  York 
in  the  afternoon,  and  were  quartered  at  the  Park  Barracks,  near  the 
City  Hall. 

March  2.  The  men  were  engaged  in  "seeing  the  sights  ;"  some 
of  them  so  industriously  that  they  missed  the  steamer  "  C.  Vander- 
bilt,"  on  which  the  regiment  embarked  in  the  afternoon. 

The  next  morning  (March  3)  the  boat  was  at  the  pier  in  Provi- 
dence. "Hurrah  for  old  New  England!"  The  Sons  of  New 
Hampshire  in  Boston  duplicated  their  former  reception,  and  in 
historic  old  Faneuil  Hall  the  men  sat  down— or  rather,  stood  up — 
to  a  feast  which  furnished  a  strange  contrast  to  their  accustomed 
bill  of  fare. 

But  when  the  regiment  arrived  in  its  own  state,  then  the  deluge. 
At  nine  o'clock  in  the  evening  the  train  bearing  the  regiment 
rolled  into  the  depot  at  Manchester.  A  tumultuous,  swaying  crowd 
of  thousands  rent  the  air  with  their  cheers,  above  which  could  be 



heard  the  roar  of  an  artillery  salute.  They  formed  in  column,  and 
under  an  imposing  escort  of  local  dignitaries  and  organizations  the 
Second's  triumphal  march  began.  The  culmination  was  at  Smyth's 
Hall,  in  the  body  of  which,  upon  long  tables,  was  spread  the  most 
tempting  collation  Manchester  wealth  and  hospitality  could  supply, 
with  a  swarm  of  Manches- 
ter's fairest  daughters  as 
table  attendants.  But  the 
main  point  of  attraction  for 
the  soldiers  was  the  gallery, 
packed  with  ladies,  most  of 
whom  had  been  waiting 
there  for  many  long,  weary 
hours — the  friends,  mothers, 
and  sisters  of  the  men  ;  and 
sweetest  of  all,  the  happy 
face  of  "the  girl  I  left  behind 
me."  But  amid  all  the 
joyousness  there  were  some 
whose  eyes  were  swimming 
with  tears  as  they  joined  in 
the  greetings  to  those  who 
had  been  comrades  of  their 
own  loved  ones  who  would 
never  come  back.  The 
venerable  Mayor  of  the  city, 
Theodore  T.  Abbott,  wel- 
comed the  regiment  in  a 
feeling  and  appropriate 
speech,  which  was  responded  to  by  Lieutenant-Colonel  Bailey. 
After  "rations,"  Hon.  Frederick  Smyth  was  introduced  as  toast- 
master,  and  short  speeches  by  members  of  the  regiment  and  by 
citizens  filled  the  time  until  a  late  hour. 

The  next  day  was  a  gala  day  in  Concord,  and  the  reception  was 
upon  a  magnificent  scale,  consisting  of  a  grand  procession,  dinner 
at  the  hotels,  and  speeches  of  welcome.  General  Wool  was  there 
to  give  eclat  to  the  occasion.     The  headquarters  of  the  regiment 

Capt,  Harrison  De  F.  Young,  Co,  F, 

Entered  the  service  as  Second  Lieutenant  of  Co. 
F;  promoted  to  First  Lieutenant  and  Captain.  He 
was  for  a  long  time  on  staff  dutv  as  ordnance  officer 
of  the  Second  Division,  Third  Corps,  and  also  of  the 
corps.     Resides  in  Lancaster. 



4  6 

In  Company  G  Street  at  Budd's  Ferry,     A  Group  of  "  Peterborough  Boys, 

From  a  Tintype  in  the  possession  of  Elmer  J.  Starkey. 

i — Gilman  T.  Gould.  Appointed  corporal  June  20,  1863:  sergeant,  Sept.  1,  1863;  re-enlisted: 
wounded  at  Cold  Harbor,  June  3,  1864;  appointed  first  sergeant  July  1,  1864;  first  lieutenant 
Co.  F,  Feb.  5,  1865.     Died  at  Chelsea,  Mass.,  March  15,  1876. 

2 — Albert  J.  Farnsvvokth.     Promoted  corporal  Oct.  1,  1862;  sergeant,  Sept.  1,  1863. 

3 — John  Reagan.  Born  in  England.  A  corporal.  Captured  at  White  Oak  Swamp,  June  30, 
1862;  paroled  Sept.  13,  1862.  Has  been  an  inmate  of  the  National  Home  at  Togus,  Maine. 
Last  known  address,  Fall  River,  Mass. 

4 — James  E.  Saunders.     [See  portrait  and  sketch  elsewhere.] 

5 — Alexander  Lvle.  The  bonnie  Scotch  lad,  killed  at  Williamsburg.  [See  page  73.] 
6 — Elmer  J.  Starkey.  Original  second  corporal.  Wounded  at  Bull  Run,  Aug.  29,  1862,  and 
discharged  on  account  of  wounds  Jan.  24,  1863.  Present  P.  O.  address,  Chesham.  Starkey 
was  a  member  of  a  detachment  which,  after  the  rebel  evacuation,  was  sent  across  from 
Budd's  Ferry  on  the  little  steamer  "  Stepping  Stones."  They  had  just  set  fire  to  some  fish 
houses  which  had  been  used  by  the  rebels  for  storehouses,  when  rebel  cavalry  dashed  in  and 
drove  the  party  on  board  the  boat.  In  the  rush  one  man  (now  remembered  as  being  named 
Currier)  was  left  behind.  To  escape  capture  he  finally  took  to  the  water,  and  performed  the 
astonishing  feat  of  swimming  the  river  to  the  Maryland  shore. 

7 — Daniel  W.  Gould.  Wounded  at  Williamsburg,  May  5,  1862,  and  discharged  on  account  of 
wounds  Nov.  28,  1862.     Now  resides  in  Chelsea,  Mass. 

8 — John  J.  Moore.     Promoted  corporal  Sept.  1,  1862.     [See  portrait  later.] 


were  established  at  Concord,  where  seven  companies  were  stationed 
in  camp  at  the  fair  grounds  on  the  east  side  of  the  river.  Compa- 
nies P,  E  and  K  were  stationed  at  Fort  Constitution.  There  was 
a  general  granting  of  furloughs  to  the  men,  but  this  was  largely  a 
mere  matter  of  form,  as  they  were  permitted  to  go  and  come  about 
as  thev  pleased,  regardless  of  furloughs.  As  then  constituted,  the 
Second  Regiment  had  but  little  of  the  stuff  from  which  deserters 
are  made.  Many  of  the  men  visited  Canada,  the  harbor  of  refuge 
for  sneaks  and  runaways  ;  but  on  the  summons  to  assemble,  pre- 
paratory to  returning  to  the  seat  of  war,  hastened  back,  once  more 
to  take  their  places  in  the  ranks. 

Following  the  promotion  of  Colonel  Marston  to  Brigadier- 
( General,  Lieutenant-Colonel  Bailey,  Major  Carr  and  Captain  Sayles 
were  at  this  time  promoted  to  fill  consequent  vacancies. 

A  number  of  volunteer  recruits  were  received  by  the  regiment 
during  its  stay  in  New  Hampshire,  but  the  main  addition  to  its 
strength  came  from  the  Seventeenth  Regiment,  which  had  been  in 
course  of  organization  at  Concord.  The  officers  of  the  Seventeenth 
were  discharged,  and  the  privates,  under  a  nine  months'  enlistment, 
incorporated  into  the  ranks  of  the  Second.  This  arrangement  was 
not  entirely  to  the  liking  of  the  men  of  the  Seventeenth.  In  fact, 
thev  placarded  their  camp  with  the  motto,  "  The  Seventeenth  or 
nothing  !  "  which  gave  the  Second  men  the  opportunity  to  observe 
that  there  was  n't  much  choice.  They  were,  however,  a  fine  body 
of  men,  and  fought  like  veterans  at  Gettysburg.  The  number 
transferred  was  ninety-four  ;  of  whom  seven  were  killed  or  died  of 
wounds,  five  died  of  disease,  five  deserted,  eleven  were  discharged 
for  disability,  and  sixty-six  discharged  by  expiration  of  term  of 

Monday,  May  25  th,  the  regiment,  having  been  assembled  at 
Concord,  started  again  for  the  front  ;  by  rail  to  Allyn's  Point,  where 
it  took  the  old  freight  steamer  "  City  of  Norwich,"  for  New  York. 

May  26.  Arrived  at  Jersey  City  at  seven  this  morning,  and 
took  cars  for  Philadelphia,  where  we  had  dinner  at  the  Soldiers' 
Refreshment  Saloon.  Arrived  in  Baltimore  about  midnight,  where 
supper  was  furnished  by  the  Union  Aid  Association. 

May  27.  Arrived  in  Washington  this  morning,  and  were 
quartered  at  the  Soldiers'  Rest. 




May  28.  The 
merit,  under  orders, 
started  for  Camp  Chase, 
on  Arlington  Heights, 
but  before  reaching 
Long  Bridge  the  desti- 
nation was  changed  to 
Capitol  Hill.  Pitched 
A  tents  in  a  level  field 
about  one  mile  east  of 
the  capitol.  Not  a  tree 
or  bush  for  shelter. 

May  29.  Began  to 
drill  two  hours  daily. 
General  Martindale,  in 
command  of  the  defen- 
ces of  Washington,  paid 
the  camp  a  visit. 




Abbott  A,  Forbush,  Co,  G, 

Enlisted  from  Peterborough,  his  native  town.  He  is  now 
a  member  of  the  New  Hampshire  colony  in  Washington 
D.  C. 

was  inspected,  in  the 
forenoon,  by  an  officer 
of  General  Casey's  staff. 
As  it  was  very  hot  and 
dusty,  he  went  through 
with  his  business  as  rapidly  as  possible,  very  much  to  the  satisfaction 
of  the  men.  The  quartermaster  was  directed  to  draw  straw  enough 
to  bed  the  tents.  Two  of  the  boys  who  saw  "  Old  Gil."  in  the  city 
yesterday  asked  him  what  was  to  be  done  with  us,  and  he  said  that 
within  eight  days  we  would  be  with  our  old  division  in  the  Army  of 
the  Potomac. 

June  1.  The  Second  Brigade  of  the  Pennsylvania  Reserve 
Corps  crossed  the  river  this  evening,  and  the  Second  and  Four- 
teenth New  Hampshire  and  Thirty-fourth  Massachusetts  are  the 
only  regiments  now  remaining  on  this  side. 

June  2.  The  boys  have  been  having  fun  over  a  February  mail 
which  was  sent  up  and  distributed  to  the  regiment  today.  It  has 
been  lying  in  Washington  ever  since  the  regiment  went  home. 



June  3.  Gen.  Marston 
visited  camp,  and  the  boys 
gave  him  the  best  they 
had,  including  unlimited 
cheers  and  a  grand  sere- 
nade by  six  pieces  of  the 
band — all  that  could  be 

June  6.  The  musicians 
(drummers  and  fifers)  got 
into  a  snarl  at  dress  par- 
ade, and  then  made  a  big 
jabber  over  it.  As  a 
re\vard-of- merit  they  were 
perched  on  barrels  in  front 
of  camp,  and  for  one  hour 
entertained  a  delighted 
audience  with  a  concert 
of  "choice  selections." 

June  7.  Inspection  of 
arms  in  the  forenoon.  A 
city  missionary,  with  two 
ladies,  held  religious  ser- 
vice in  camp,  and  supplied 
the  men  with  hymn  books  and  tracts 
arrived  from  New  Hampshire. 

June  8.  The  colonel,  major  and  adjutant  set  their  horses  loose 
to  graze  about  camp,  and  the  animals  are  now  put  down  as  desert- 
ers. Forty  rounds  of  cartridges  per  man  were  distributed  this 
morning.  The  balls  are  called  "musket  shells" — an  explosive 
bullet — and  woe  to  the  Johnny  that  stops  one  ! 

June  9.  A  Dutchman  is  in  the  guard  house  for  thrashing  a  boy 
he  accused  of  stealing  his  horse.  The  paymaster  showed  up,  and 
left  two  months'  pay  with  the  men— to  May  1 . 

June  n.  The  regiment  broke  camp  this  forenoon,  and  started 
to  rejoin  the  Army  of  the  Potomac — to  Acquia  Creek  on  steamer 
"Hugh  Jenkins,"  thence   by   rail   to   Stoneman's   Station,   where  it 

Corpl,  Adoniram  J,  Sawyer,  Co.  H. 

Enlisted  from  Hopkinton,  and  was  wounded  at  Wil- 
liamsburg. Now  lives  in  Newton,  where  he  is  in  the 
retail  boot  and  shoe  trade,  also  member  of  the  insur- 
ance firm  of  Sawyer  &  Heath.  Has  served  the  town 
as  representative  in  1887-8;  selectman  in  1893-4;  and 
moderator  several  years.  Was  postmaster  under  Pres- 
ident Harrison. 

About  a  dozen  belated  men 



arrived  about  dark  and  went  into  bivouac  for  the  night.  The 
surrounding  country  presents  a  scene  of  utter  desolation,  the  army 
having  broken  camp  and  moved  off  in  the  direction  of  Warrenton. 

June  12.  The  Second  were  off  about  sunrise,  and  marched  to 
Hartwood  Church,  about  ten  miles,  reaching  there  at  noon.  The 
rest  of  the  Third  Corps  left  here  yesterday,  and  is  somewhere  on 
ahead.  Notwithstanding  last  night's  rain,  the  roads  were  very 
dusty,  and  the  march  fatiguing.  We  ran  across  a  number  of  the 
old  brigade  boys,  who  were  mighty  glad  to  see  the  Second  again. 

June  13.  At  half-past  four  this  morning  we  fell  into  column 
with  the  Excelsior  brigade,  which  came  up  from  guarding  one  of 
the  Rappahannock  fords,  and  marched  with  them  to  join  the  rest 
of  the  division  at  Rappahannock  Station — about  twenty-five  miles. 

Regimental  orders  against 
straggling  were  read  in  the 
morning — a. rather  queer  docu- 
ment, to  the  effect  that  if  more 
than  three  men  were  absent 
from  any  company,  its  officers 
would  be  subject  to  court  mar- 
tial. But  many  could  not  keep 
up,  especially  the  Seventeenth 
men,  as  the  march  was  very 
severe.  The  Second  is  hard  up 
for  grub,  and  anxiously  looking 
for  the  supply  train.  We  find 
we  are  not  to  join  our  old  brig- 
ade, but  are  assigned  to  the 
Third  Brigade  of  the  same 
division,  consisting  of  the  Fifth 
to  Eighth  New  Jersey  and  One 
Hundred  and  Fifteenth  Pennsyl- 

June  14.  Three  regiments  of  the  brigade  were  on  picket 
through  the  day.  The  division  was  under  orders  to  be  ready  to 
march  at  a  moment's  notice,  and  got  away  at  about  a  quarter  to  ten 
in  the  evening. 

Lieut.  William  Montgomery,  Co.  H, 

Severely  wounded  at  Gettysburg,  July  2, 
1863,  while  first  sergeant  of  Company  H,  and 
promoted  to  second  lieutenant.  He  resides  at 



This   night   march   from    Rappahannock  Station   to   Warrenton 
junction  is  memorable  for  one  of  the  most  ridiculous  stampedes  on 

Hooker's  old  fighting  division  was 
The    troops    marched    upon    the 

record,  when  the  bulk  of  Joe. 
routed  by  one  runaway  team. 
railroad,  while  the  wagons  and 
artillery  followed  the  turnpike, 
which  in  its  general  course 
was  parallel  with  the  railroad, 
crossing  and  re-crossing  it  at 
various  points.  At  one  of 
these  crossings  a  team  got  into 
a  flurry  and  bolted  into  the 
column  not  far  from  the  head 
of  the  Second  Regiment.  The 
men  in  the  immediate  vicinity 
at  once  gave  it  the  right  of 
way,  and  the  bolt  swept  in 
both  directions  like  the  tumble 
of  a  row  of  bricks.  The  plod- 
ding men  could  hear  the 
coming  storm  from  afar  off, 
and  when,  peering  through 
the  gloom,  they  saw  every- 
body stampeding  for  the  bush, 
they  no  longer  stood  upon  the 
order  of  their  own  going,  but  went.  The  average  momentary 
impression  probably  was  that  the  rebels  had  set  a  car  running  wild 
down  the  track  to  break  up  the  procession.  Officers,  from  mere 
force  of  habit,  shouted  "  Halt  !  halt  !  "  at  the  top  of  their  voices,  at 
the  same  time  their  legs  were  carrying  them  along  as  fast  as  any 
of  the  men.  The  ditches  were  filled  with  sprawling  men,  while 
those  who  escaped  that  trap  met  their  fate  on  stumps  and  other 
obstructions  to  rapid  travel  in  the  dark.  The  panic  subsided  as 
rapidly  as  it  arose,  and  after  a  short  time  spent  in  gathering  and 
sorting  the  debris  and  taking  a  general  account  of  stock,  the  column 
was  again  pushing  on  for  Warrenton. 

June   15.     Reached  Warrenton  Junction  at  seven  o'clock  this 
1 1 

Sergt,  Lorenzo  P.  Adley,  Co.  F. 

Was  from  Milan.  Promoted  to  first  lieutenant 
Twenty-second  U.  S.  C.  T.,  February  15,  1864. 
He  was  killed  in  a  railroad  accident  at  Ottumwa, 
Iowa,  October  12,  1878. 



morning,  where  we  rested  until  two  o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  when 

the  march  was  resumed  to  Manassas  Junction,  where  we  arrived 

about  midnight.  The  heat 
was  awful,  the  dust  suffo- 
cating, and  many  men  were 
sunstruck.  Most  of  the 
Seventeenth  men  gave  out 
on  this  afternoon's  march. 

June  1 6.  Drew  three 
days'  rations,  to  last  until 
Friday  night,  the  19th.  At 
midnight  the  Second  and 
the  One  Hundred  and  Fif- 
teenth Pennsylvania  went 
on  picket  about  two  miles 
out  on  the  Centre sille  road. 
June  17.  The  Second 
came  off  picket  at  nine  this 
morning  and  marched  to 
Blackburn's  Ford  to  await 
the  arrival  of  the  rest  of 
the  corps.  The  Fifth  Corps 
passed  us  there,  and  in  the 
afternoon  we  went  on, 
camping  about  a  mile  be- 
yond   Centreville,     on    the 

Warrenton  pike.     Colonel  Bailey  had  a  fine  horse  presented  to  him 

by  the  officers  of  the  regiment. 

June  18.     One  of  the  New  England  Cavalry  was  in  camp  today, 

who  said  the  regiment  was  badly  smashed  yesterday,  and  many  of 

its  men  captured.    At  night  a  very  strong  picket  guard  was  detailed 

from  the  division. 

June  19.     The  division  marched  to  Gum  Springs,  about  eleven 

miles  on  the  Leesburg  road. 

June   20.     Lay    all  day  at   Gum  Springs.      Two   days'   rations 

issued.     Reports  that  the  corps  is  surrounded  by  the  enemy  ;  also 

that  one  of  General  Birney's  aides  and  two  orderlies  have  been 

captured  by  guerrillas. 

Clarence  A,  Brackett,  Co,  E. 

Brackett  enlisted  from  Antrim  as  a  musician  in 
Company  E,  and  was  subsequently  transferred  to 
Company  C.  He  had  a  chronic  disagreement  with 
his  officers,  which  became  so  hot  that  he  "dis- 
charged himself"  after  a  year's  service.  He  en- 
tered the  Seventeenth  Vermont  and  made  a  good 
record,  being  appointed  corporal,  then  sergeant, 
and  wounded  and  captured.     He  lives  in  Antrim. 



June  21.  Heavy  artillery 
firing  heard  in  the  direction  of 
Aldie,  and  in  the  afternoon  the 
corps  was  under  arms  and 
posted  for  battle,  but  the  rebels 
did  not  give  us  a  call. 

June  22.  It  is  reported 
that  several  guerrillas  picked 
up  by  our  men  are  to  be 
hanged.  The  gambling  craze 
broke  out,  and  many  "  sweat- 
boards "  were  in  full  blast  on 
the  outskirts  of  the  camp  until 
Col.  Bailey  suppressed  them. 

June  23.  A  number  of  men 
detailed  to  guard  wagon  trains. 
Had  a  dress  parade  at  six 
o'clock.  Among  other  rations 
today  we  got  the  much  needed 
one  of  soap. 

June  24.  Went  through  the 
useless  ceremony  of  drilling 
from   2    to  4   p.  m.,   and   then, 

Quartermaster  Francis  W.  Perkins. 

Was  from  Concord,  and  mustered  as  a  ser- 
geant in  Company  B.  The  first  quartermaster- 
sergeant,  and  promoted  to  quartermaster  Aug. 
21,  1861.  Appointed  Captain  and  A.  Q.  M. 
June  9,  1862.  He  served  on  brigade  and  divis- 
ion staffs,  and  was  chief  of  water  transportation 
in  the  Department  of  the  Gulf,  with  rank  of 
lieutenant-colonel.  After  the  war  he  settled  in 
New  Orleans,  and  was  murdered  in  his  office 
March  6,  1871. 

with  two  other  regiments,  the 
Second  marched  out  about  three  miles  on  the  Leesburg  road. 
Threw  out  pickets  and  a  heavy  patrol  on  the  road,  when  the  regi- 
ment formed  in  hollow  square  and  slept  on  its  arms. 

June  25.  The  entire  corps  marched  in  the  forenoon,  crossing 
the  Potomac  on  pontoons  at  Edwards  Ferry.  Our  division  marched 
up  the  towpath  of  the  Ohio  and  Chesapeake  canal  in  the  direction 
of  Point  of  Rocks. 

The  official  report  of  General  A.  A.  Humphreys,  commanding 
the  division,  speaks  as  follows  of  this  day's  march  :  "At  10  a.  m. 
the  division  marched  to  Edwards  Ferry,  through  Fairfarm  and 
Franklinville,  and  crossing  the  Potomac  on  the  pontoon  bridge 
about  5  p.  m.,  marched  on  the  towpath  of  the  canal  to  the  mouth 
of  the  Monocacy,  reaching  that  point  about  midnight,  after  a  march 



of  about  25  miles,  that  portion  on  the  towpath  being  rendered  very 
fatiguing  and  exhausting  by  a  heavy  rain  that  set  in  at  nightfall. 
The  whole  command,  officers  and  men,  were  more  exhausted  by 
this  march  than  by  that  of  the  14th  and  15th." 

This  "  towpath  march,"  unprecedented  in  some  of  the  circum- 
stances attending  it,  ruined  for  the  time  being  General  Humphreys' 
popularity  with  the  men  of  the  division.  This  was  doubtless  unjust, 
as  the  difficulties  of  the  march  could  hardly  have  been  anticipated, 
and  when  they  were  appreciated  it  was  so  late  that  the  only  course 
was  to  go  ahead,  regardless  of  consequences.  Night  came  on,  dark 
and  rainy,  and  the  men  jogged  along  the  narrow  pathway,  which 
soon  took  on  a  treacherous   coat  of   slimy  mud.     The   frequent 

splashings,  sputterings,  and 
volleys  of  "cuss  words"  which 
told  of  a  "  man  overboard," 
were  the  only  cheerful  feature 
of  the  occasion.  The  men 
grumbled  at  being  trailed 
along  that  treacherous  "  hog- 
back," while  a  good  turnpike, 
though  inaccessible  to  them, 
lay  just  the  other  side  of  the 
canal.  No  halt,  no  rest,  but 
they  plodded  along,  hour  after 
hour,  hoping  to  reach  a  lock 
or  a  bridge  by  which  they 
might  get  out  of  the  trap ;  but 
no  such  avenue  of  escape 
opened  up.  One  by  one, 
squad  by  squad,  the  exhausted 
men  sank  upon  the  ground 
and  refused  to  go  farther, 
until  the  little  cut-offs  of  land 
on  the  river  side  were  covered  with  stragglers.  Commanders  of 
regiments  were  left  without  the  colors,  and  almost  without  men, 
and  when  General  Humphreys  arrived  at  his  goal  he  had  hardly 
enough  of  his  division  with  him  to  form  a  headquarters  guard.     In 

Alvin  R.  Smith,  Co.  C. 
Resides  in  New  Boston. 



.  vflT**  *    1 

the  morning  a  stream  of  men 
poured  from  the  towpath  across 
the  Monocacy  acqueduct,  and  it 
was  late  in  the  forenoon  before 
the  division  was  assembled  and 
the  march  resumed. 

June  26.  The  corps  marched 
to  the  vicinity  of  Point  of  Rocks, 
going  into  bivouac  on  Catoctin 
mountain.  There  were  plenty 
of  rails  for  fires,  and  the  men 
had  a  good  time  drying  them- 

June  27.  Marched  to  a 
point  near  Middleton,  passing 
through  Jefferson  village.  South 
Mountain,  where  the  battle  was 
fought  last  fall,  was  in  sight  all 

June  28.  Passed  through 
Middleton,  Frederick  City  and 
Walkerville,  camping  about  two 

miles  from  the  latter  place.  While  marching  through  Frederick  we 
got  a  glimpse  of  General  Marston,  and  the  cheers  the  boys  gave 
him  told  him  how  strong  a  hold  he  has  upon  them.  We  are  getting 
into  God's  country,  now,  where  there  are  loyal  people,  and  where 
American  flags  and  cheers  for  the  Union  are  the  rule,  and  not  the 

June  29.  Made  an  early  start,  and  marched  to  Taney  town, 
within  five  miles  of  the  Pennsylvania  line.  General  Sickles  joined 
the  corps  and  was  given  a  hearty  welcome  as  he  rode  down  the 
marching  column. 

June  30.  Regiment  mustered  for  pay  in  the  forenoon,  and  at 
three  o'clock  p.  m.  marched  to  Monocacy  bridge,  about  five  miles. 
Passed  a  squad  of  a  dozen  rebel  prisoners  who,  while  out  foraging, 
were  gobbled  up  by  some  of  the  Eleventh  Corps. 

July  1.  Marched  to  Emmitsburg  in  the  forenoon  and  went  into 
camp  near  the  city. 

Charles  H.  Hayes,  Co.  B. 

Born  in  Concord,  brought  up  in  Concord, 
enlisted  from  Concord,  returned  to  Concord, 
and  is  still  in  Concord.     A  Concord  boy. 


JULY     2     TO     JULY    4,     1 863. THE     BATTLE      OF     GETTYSBURG NIGHT 










THE  fight  of  the  First  and  Eleventh  Corps 
on  the  1  st  of  July,  in  which  the  accom- 
plished Reynolds  lost  his  life,  led  to  the  rapid 
concentration  of  the  army  for  a  great  and 
decisive  battle  at  Gettysburg.  Leaving  one 
*M'  brigade  and  a  battery  from  each  of  his  two 
divisions  to  cover  the  position  at  Emmitsburg, 
Sickles,  without  waiting  for  specific  orders 
from  Meade,  marched  at  two  p.  m.  on  the  ist 
with  the  remainder  of  the  Third  Corps  to  Gettysburg,  a  distance  of 
twelve  miles.  The  regiments  of  Burling's  brigade  went  very  com- 
fortably into  camp  near  Emmitsburg,  having  plenty  of  straw  to  bed 
their  shelter  tents  During  the  evening  orders  were  issued  to  the 
regimental  commanders  to  be  prepared  for  an  early  march  in  the 
morning,  although  at  that  time  Colonel  Burling  had  received  no 
definite  instructions  in  regard  to  moving.  But  at  1.30  on  the 
morning  of  July  2  he  received  orders  directly  from  General  Meade 
to  immediately  rejoin  the  corps  at  Gettysburg.  The  night  being 
very  dark,  and  the  brigade  considerably  scattered  by  its  disposition 
to  cover  various  roads,  it  was  between  three  and  four  o'clock  before 




the  command  was  assembled.     Without  breakfasting,    the  Second 
formed  column  with  the  brigade  and  started  for  Gettysburg. 

At  the  end  of  each  hour  a  halt  of  about  ten  minutes  was  made 
for  rest,  the  sunrise  halt  being  somewhat  longer,  to  enable  the  men 
to  cook  a  hasty  cup  of  coffee.  It  was  a  weird  night  march.  Dark 
clouds  were  scudding  across  the  sky,  which  let  loose  an  occasional 
quick,  sharp  shower  upon  the  hurrying  troops.  The  consciousness 
of  impending  battle  had  by  some  subtle  influence  taken  possession 
of  the  minds  of  the  men.  During  one  of  the  early  morning  halts 
there  was  heard,  away  to  the  north, 
the  indistinct  sounds  of  a  slow  fire  p^ 
of  artillery. 

It  was  about  half-past  seven 
o'clock  when  the  column  came  into 
the  more  open  country  in  the 
immediate  vicinity  of  Gettysburg. 
As  it  approached  the  now  famous 
Sherfey's  peach  orchard,  where  the 
road  ascends  the  southern  elbow  or 
termination  of  Seminary  Ridge,  a 
line  of  Union  skirmishers  in  the 
fields  to  the  left,  evidently  very 
much  awake,  indicated  the  imme- 
diate presence  of  the  enemy  and 
that  the  brigade  was  nearing  its 
destination.  An  occasional  shot 
was  heard,  well  out,  and  the  sup- 
ports, posted  by  the  road,  gave  Burling's  men  the  assurance  that 
there  were  plenty  of  rebels  "right  over  there."  It  was  seen  that 
the  skirmish  line  was  retiring  from  the  more  advanced  positions, 
and  presently,  the  brigade  having  passed,  it  was  extended  across 
the  road  to  the  rear  of  the  column.  It  is  now  known  that  soon 
after  this  time  Hood's  division  of  the  Confederate  army  lay  across 
that  highway,  and  Burling's  brigade  had  escaped  by  only  a  narrow 
margin  what  would  have  been  a  most  unexpected  encounter. 

The    brigade    advanced    slowly   beyond    Sherfey's,    and    then, 
leaving  the  road,  passed  across  the  fields  to  the  right,  toward  the 




Aaron  Goodwin.  Co.  B. 

Wounded  at  Gettysburg,  July  2,  1863, 
and  died  of  wounds  August  17.  He  was 
from  Salem,  where  his  only  surviving  rel- 
ative, a  sister — Mrs.  Adeline  Ayer — still 
lives  and  keeps  his  memory  green. 



foot  of  Cemetery  Ridge,  where  the  brigade  commander  reported 
his  arrival  to  General  Sickles.  This  junction  occurred  at  about 
nine  o'clock.     The  mists,  clouds  and  showers  of  the  early  morning 

had  been  dissipated,  and  the  sun 
shone  in  a  cloudless  sky.  Massed 
in  column  of  regiments,  the  brig- 
ade rested  for  three  hours,  or  until 
nearly  noon.  An  ominous  quiet, 
almost  oppressive,  rested  upon  the 
field.  The  fringe  of  forest  beyond 
the  Emmitsburg  road  formed  a 
leafy  curtain  behind  which  it  was 
certain  Lee  was  setting  the  stage 
for  this  day's  great  tragedy.  It 
was  felt  that  the  rebel  chief  would 
attempt  to  follow  up  his  partial 
success  of  the  previous  day ;  but 
where  would  the  blow  fall?  The 
time  was  approaching  when  this 
problem  would  be  solved.  Sickles, 
by  an  energetic  reconnoissance  to 
the  front,  led  by  Berdan,  uncov- 
ered the  movement  of  an  immense 
rebel  column  toward  the  left,  held 
at  once  placed  his  command  in 
His  Second  Division    was 

Sergt.  John  0.  Stevens,  Co.  B, 

Wounded  at  Gettysburg,  July  2,  1863, 
and  died  of  wounds  July  3.  He  was  from 

by    the   Third  Corps,   and    he 

position  to  meet  the  coming  assault. 

posted  along  the   Emmitsburg  road,  its  left  at  Sherfey's  ;   the  First 

Division  thrown  back  so  as  to  face  nearly  south,  with  Graham's 

brigade  at  the  peach  orchard,  holding  the  salient  angle  of  the  corps 

line,  DeTrobriand's  in  the  centre,  and    Ward's    upon   the  left,  a 

considerable  distance  in  advance  of  the  Round  Tops. 

Burling's  brigade  was  at  first  moved  to  position  as  support  for 
the  other  two  brigades  of  its  division,  but  was  shortly  ordered  to 
report  to  General  Birney,  commanding  the  First  Division.  By  his 
direction  the  brigade  was  massed  in  a  piece  of  woods  west  of  Little 
Round  Top,  and  not  far  from  the  wheat  field,  where,  later  in  the 
day,    the   Fifth   New  Hampshire    fought  and  Cross  fell.       Colonel 



Cross,  with  others  of  the  Fifth,  came  to  greet  acquaintances  in  the 
Second,  but  there  was  time  for  only  a  momentary  chat. 

The  brigade  was  formed  in  columns  of  masses,  facing  west. 
There  was  but  little,  if  any,  artil- 
lery firing  as  yet,  but  the  rifles  of 
the  skirmishers  were  beginning  to 
talk.  The  brigade  was  ordered 
forward  out  of  the  woods,  and 
advanced,  first  at  quick,  then  at 
double-quick  time.  If  the  move- 
ment was  intended  to  develope  the 
enemy's  position  by  drawing  his 
fire,  it  succeeded  to  perfection. 
The  instant  the  brigade  uncovered 
it  was  greeted  with  a  storm  of 
shells  from  rebel  guns  about  a 
thousand  yards  distant.  The  Sec- 
ond's colors  were  shot  out  of  their 
bearer's  hands,  the  staff  being 
broken  into  three  pieces,  and 
several  men  were  wounded.  The 
blue  mass  halted,  until  the  purpose 
of  the  movement  being  accom- 
plished, as  was  supposed,  it  was 
about-faced  and  marched  back  to  the  slight  cover  afforded  by  the 
grove  and  the  conformation  of  the  ground.  Simultaneously  a 
battery  of  brass  guns  came  tearing  up  and  went  gallantly  into 
position  a  little  to  the  right.  One  of  Sickles'  aides  rode  up  to 
Burling  and  in  an  excited  manner  inquired  by  whose  authority  the 
brigade  had  been  moved  back.  "By  my  own,"  was  Burling's 
reply ;  and  he  was  ordered  to  take  his  command  forward  again. 

But  orders  were  now  flying  thick  and  fast.  Before  the  move- 
ment could  be  executed  one  of  Birney's  aides  dashed  up  with 
orders  for  the  brigade  to  change  direction  to  the  left,  by  which  it 
would  be  brought  to  front  with  the  division  line  of  battle.  This 
had  barely  been  accomplished  when  another  aide  was  up  with 
orders  for  Burling  to  detail  two  of  his  largest  regiments  to  report  to 

Sergt.  Nathan  E,  Kuse,  Co,  E, 

Wounded  at  Gettysburg,  July  2,  1863, 
and  died  of  wounds  July  31.  He  was  from 
South  Newmarket. 

I  70 


General  Graham,  and  the  Second  New  Hampshire  and  Seventh 
New  Jersey  were  detached  to  that  duty.  The  Second  at  once 
withdrew  from  the  brigade  column  of  mass.  By  the  somewhat 
circuitous  route  taken  to  avoid  a  swampy  run  the  distance  to 
Graham's  position  was  probably  more  than  half  a  mile,  most  of 
which  was  covered  by  the  Second  at  the  double-quick.  As  the 
regiment  approached  the  peach  orchard,  marching  in  column  of 
fours,  it  was  formed,  first  by  companies  into  line,  and  then  by  com- 
panies forward  into  line,  all  in  double-quick  time,  and  marching  up 

the  slope  in  one  of  its  best 
lines  of  battle,  the  Second 
was  reported  to  General 
Graham.  He  directed  it 
to  be  placed  in  immediate 
support  of  Ames'  New 
York  battery  —  six  brass 
twelve-pounders,  then  in 
position  at  the  north-west 
angle  of  the  peach  orchard. 
The  right  wing  of  the 
regiment  moved  directly 
forward  in  line,  and  was 
ordered  to  lie  down,  being 
then  parallel  to  and  facing 
the  Emmitsburg  road.  The 
left  wing,  by  the  movement 
then  known  as  "  by  the 
right  flank  by  file  left," 
followed  the  rear  of  the  left 
of  the  right  wing,  and  upon 
being  halted,  faced  to  the 
left,  being  thus  brought 
into  line  at  right  angles 
with  the  right  wing.  Com- 
pany B  was  detached  as  sharpshooters  and  stationed  near  the  right 
of  the  battery,  about  the  Wentz  buildings,  a  one-story  wood  farm 
house  and  two  or  three  small  outbuildings  on  the  east  side  of  the 

Lieut.  Edmund  Dascomb,  Co.  G. 

Wounded  at  Gettysburg,  July  2,  1863,  and  died 
of  wounds  July  13.  He  was  finely  educated,  and 
possessed  of  high  literary  talents.  At  the  recep- 
tion of  the  regiment  in  Manchester,  in  1863,  he 
made  a  speech  whic  h  carried  the  audience  by 
storm,  and  subsequen  tly  took  an  active  part  in  the 
political  campaign,  on  the  stump.  His  body  rests 
in  the  national  cemetery,  Grave  n,  Section  A, 
New  Hampshire  Lot. 



Emmitsburg  road,  which  at  this  point  is  intersected  by  the  Fairfield 
(or  Millerstown)  road,  running  east  and  west.  The  Sherfey  build- 
ings, more  often  quoted  in  general  mention  of  this  position,  were 
about  thirty  rods  north,  on  the  west  side  of  the  Emmitsburg  road. 

It  was  soon  apparent  that,  as  the  enemy's  fire  was  developing, 
the  right  wing  of  the  regiment  was  unnecessarily  exposed,  and  to 
secure  better  shelter  it  made  a  change  of  front  forward  upon  the 
color  company,  bringing  the  whole  regiment  to  face  south,  with  its 
right  in  the  garden  to  the  rear  of  the  Wentz  house.  This  move 
was  made  at  about  3.15  p.  m. 
Ames'  battery  was  having  quite 
a  lively  duel  with  rebel  guns 
away  to  the  south,  near  the 
Emmitsburg  road,  and  was 
apparently  having  the  best  of  it, 
when  a  four  gun  battery  came 
out  of  the  woods  directly  to 
the  west  and  opened  from  a 
distance  of  five  hundred  yards, 
completely  enfilading  the  Sec- 
ond and  its  battery.  Ames  at 
once  turned  his  right  section 
upon  this  new  arrival,  and  these 
two  pieces,  with  the  assistance 
of  Company  B,  gave  the  rebel 
battery  a  wicked  reception. 
One  of  its  guns  was  dismounted 
by  a  lucky  shot,  and  its  gunners 
knocked  over,  right  and  left, 
until  they  decided  to  go  out  of 
business  for  the  time  being.  ,  For  two  hours  and  more  the  regiment 
lay  in  this  position,  the  men  closely  hugging  the  ground  and  biding 
with  the  stoical  philosophy  of  veterans  the  time  when  they  could 
"get  in  their  work."  As  they  lay,  the  foliage  of  the  peach  orchard 
screened  from  their  view  everything  in  front  of  the  battery,  but 
an  officer  would  occasionally  saunter  out  to  the  guns  to  take  in  the 

First  Sergt.  John  P,  Stone,  Co.  A, 

Killed  at  Gettysburg,  July  2,  1863.  He 
was  from  Swanzey,  and  the  original  eighth 
corporal  of  the  company. 





became  too 
Other  Union 
be     seen    at 


There  were  lulls  in  the 
artillery  firing,  but  Ames  gave 
the  rebels  the  best  he  had 
whenever  they 
batteries  could 
work,  both  to  the  left  of  the 
peach  orchard  and  along  the 
Emmitsburg  road,  but  the 
interest  of  the  Second  was 
centered  upon  Ames.  The 
regiment,  from  its  position, 
caught  a  good  share  of  the 
missiles  hurled  at  the  battery, 
and  many  men  were  hit ;  the 
wounds  being  mostly  of  the 
horrible  character  incident  to 
artillery  work.  Several  car- 
tridge boxes  were  exploded. 
A  shell  struck  and  burst  on 
the  box  of  Corporal  Thomas 
Bignall,  of  Company  C.  The 
cartridges  were  driven  into  his 
body  and  fired,  and  for  nearly 
half  a  minute  the  devilish 
"  musket  shells "  issued  at 
Washington  were  exploding  in  his  quivering  form.  But  death  was 
mercifully  quick.  The  next  moment  a  fragment  of  shell  explored 
the  cartridge  box  of  Sergeant  James  M.  House,  of  Company  I. 
The  rapidity  with  which  he  tore  off  the  infernal  machine  hanging 
by  his  side  was  astonishing,  and  he  escaped  with  only  a  severe 

John  A.  Barker,  of  Company  C,  here  received  a  notable  wound, 
necessitating  a  trephine  of  the  skull.  The  case  is  recorded  in  the 
"Medical  and  Surgical  History  of  the  War,"  and  the  piece  of  bone 
removed  is  now  in  the  Army  and  Navy  Medical  Museum,  at  Wash- 
ington.    Barker  has  given  the  following  interesting  account  of  his 

Wilber  F.  Brown,  Co.  B, 

Enlisted  irom  Epsom.  Captured  at  Gettys- 
burg, July  2,  1863,  and  died  in  Andersonville 
prison,  August  26,  1864.  His  grave  is  No.  6,871. 
Though  but  a  boy,  he  was  a  marvelous  shot  with 
a  rifle.  He  exhibited  his  skill  when  the  regiment 
was  at  home  by  shooting  a  wild  goose  at  Sugar 
Ball  Eddy,  in  Concord,  from  a  distance  of  nearly 
three  hundred  yards. 



experiences  :  "  I  was  leaning  up  against  a  small  peach  tree  at  the 
time.  A  shell  burst  within  a  dozen  feet  of  me.  I  hardly  know  how 
to  describe  my  situation.  The  last  thing  before  my  eyes  was  the 
form  of  Colonel  Bailey  and  the  prostrate  forms  of  the  men  as  they 
were  lying  down  for  safety.  The  shell  exploded  at  my  left ;  I  was 
struck  on  top  of  the  head  by  a  fragment,  and  was  knocked  insen- 
sible.    The  first  thing  I   knew  afterwards  was  that  my  comrades 

Corpl.  John  A,  Barker,  Co.  C, 

Was  taken   prisoner   at  the   first   Bull   Run   battle.      Severely 
wounded  at  Gettysburg.     Now  City  Messenger  of  Manchester. 

were  trvin°;  to  carrv  me  to  the  rear. 

I  could  see  nothing. 


denly I  was  dropped,  and  I  never  knew  why  until  I  got  home, 
months  afterwards,  and  met  my  comrades.  It  seems  that  the  man 
who  had  hold  of  my  right  leg,  Charles  Moore  by  name,  was  killed, 
and  the  remainder  of  my  would-be  rescuers  were  ordered  back  to 
the  regiment  and  had  to  obey.  Moore  is  now  buried  in  the 
national  cemetery  at  Gettysburg.     I  laid  on  the  ground.    The  Rebs 



were  coming  up  fast.  It  seemed  to  me  as  though  matters  were 
becoming  pretty  warm,  and  I  commenced  to  crawl.  I  did  not 
know  where  I  was  going,  but   had  the  queer  impression  that  I  was 

headed  for  the  rear.  Soon  I 
crawled  up  against  a  man.  I 
tried  to  arouse  him  to  have  him 
assure  me  that  my  direction  was 
correct.  The  man,  however,  was 
dead.  I  did  not  dare  to  go 
around  him,  for  fear  I  would  lose 
my  way  by  swerving,  and  I  strad- 
dled over  him.  I  came  to  another 
fellow,  who  was  wounded.  I  was 
about  to  crawl  over  him,  when  he 
asked  me  where  I  was  going.  I 
told  him  that  I  was  going  to  the 
rear.  He  called  an  officer,  and 
the    latter    ordered    two    men   to 

\  WM        ta^e  me  t0  *'ie  rear*    ^  tne  t'me 

I    had  been    crawling   along    the 

rear  of  the  battle  line.  I  was 
taken  to  the  corps  hospital.  I 
was  struck  by  the  shell  at  four 
o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  and  did 
not  get  under  the  surgeon's  care  until  the  next  afternoon,  when  I 
was  told  my  skull  was  fractured." 

During  this  time  rebel  batteries  were  moving  to  position  around 
that  devoted  angle,  until  fifty-six  pieces  were  within  a  range  of  not 
more  than  a  thousand  yards.  At  five  o'clock  it  was  apparent  the 
crisis  was  near.  Ames'  battery,  having  exhausted  its  ammunition, 
was  withdrawn,  the  men  of  the  Second  making  way  for  its  passage 
to  the  rear  through  their  ranks,  and  Battery  I,  Fifth  U.  S.  Artillery, 
an  estray  from  the  Fifth  Corps,  took  its  place.  The  Rodman  rifled 
guns  of  these  regulars  were  hardly  in  position  when  the  rebel  artil- 
lery opened  a  terrific  concentric  fire  upon  that  doomed  angle. 
The  veterans  of  the  Second,  who  had  learned  to  read  the  signs, 
knew  there  was  an  infantry  assault  behind  all  that  hubbub.     Hood's 

Lieut.  Charles  W,  Patch,  Co,  K. 

Received  a  gunshot  wound  in  the  abdomen 
at  Gettysburg,'  July  2,  1863,  from  which  he 
died  July  10.  He  was  from  Portsmouth,  and 
was  mustered  in  as  third  sergeant  of  Co.  K. 



division  of  Longstreet's  corps  was  already  furiously  assailing  the 
left,  where  the  Fifth  Corps  and  a  portion  of  the  Second  had  been 
sent  to  Sickles'  assistance.  The  fight  for  the  possession  of  Little 
Round  Top,  in  full  view  of  the  Second,  was  at  its  height,  the  rocky 
pinnacle  belching  flames  like  a  volcano,  and  the  crash  of  musketry 
was  heavy  and  continuous. 

Now  every  gun  upon  that  great  outer  circle  seemed  to  concen- 
trate its  fire  upon  that  little  acre  about  the  YVentz  house.  The 
Third  Maine,  which  had  been  skirmishing  in  front  of  the  battery, 
was  withdrawn  and  formed  to  the  rear  of  the  Second,  while  the 
Sixty-eighth  Pennsylvania  took  position  upon  its  left.  It  was 
toward  six  o'clock  when,  under 
cover  of  the  artillery  fire,  the 
long-concealed  infantry  of 
McLaw's  rebel  division  dis- 
closed itself  and  moved  forward 
for  a  simultaneous,  converging 
attack  upon  both  faces  of 
Sickles'  salient.  Kershaw's  brig- 
ade, followed  by  Semmes', 
crossed  to  the  east  side  of  the 
Emmitsburg  road,  and  pressed 
forward  to  get  within  striking 
distance  of  the  peach  orchard 
from  the  south,  while  Barks- 
dale's  brigade,  with  Wofford's 
in  support,  advanced  against 
the  Emmitsburg  road  front. 

Colonel  Bailey,  while  taking 
a  view  from  a  point  of  observa- 
tion near  the  Emmitsburg  road, 
noted  the  rapid  advance  of  a 
column  of  massed  battalions. 
He  watched  it  just  long  enough  to  determine  that  it  was  a  genuine 
column  of  attack,  with  no  skirmishers  thrown  forward,  and  that  it 
was  pushing  directly  for  the  battery  the  Second  was  supporting  and 
would  be  upon  it  in  a  very  few  minutes.     He  ran  with  all  speed  to 

First  Sergt,  David  W.  Colburn,  Co.  C. 

Killed  at  Gettysburg,  July  2,  1863.  He  was 
from  Goffstown,  and  entered  the  service  as  a 
corporal  of  Company  C. 


General  Graham,  meeting  him  some  distance  to  the  rear  of  the 
Second,  gave  him  warning,  and  suggested  that  the  Second  should 
charge.     "Yes,  for  God's  sake,  go  forward  !"  replied  Graham. 

The  Second  came  to  their  feet  with  a  great  sigh  of  relief.  They 
had  begun  to  chafe  in  the  leash.  Despite  many  casualties,  there 
were  probably  more  than  three  hundred  men  still  left  to  "  go  for- 
ward." No  time  was  wasted  on  frills — only  a  moment  for  a  hasty 
alinement.  There  was  not  time  even  to  rally  Company  B  into  the 
line,  and  most,  if  not  all,  of  its  men  were  left  at  their  work  about 
the  Wentz  house.  Besides,  they  appeared  to  be  fully  engaged,  just 
then.  The  lieutenant  in  command  of  the  battery  was  seen  to  be 
spiking  his  guns,  indicating  that  he  considered  them  as  good  as 
lost.  He  was  not  acquainted  with  his  supports.  It  is  safe  to  say 
that  no  battery  commander  in  the  Third  Corps  would  ever  have 
done  that  so  long  as  he  had  the  Second  New  Hampshire  with  him. 
But  this  battery  had  been  very  nearly  silenced  for  some  time  by  the 
overpowering  rebel  fire,  and  its  commander  simply  lost  his  nerve. 

"  Forward,  guide  center  J '" — and  the  Second  was  off.  One  of 
the  battery  lieutenants,  with  the  aid  of  a  corporal,  was  training  one 
of  the  guns  upon  the  head  of  the  advancing  column,  and  just  as  the 
Second  passed,  the  double-shotted  piece  was  discharged.  Simul- 
taneously came  the  order  to  charge,  and  with  a  roar  of  defiance 
from  three  hundred  throats  the  Second  went  tearing  down  the 
slope.  They  did  not  have  to  hunt  for  the  enemy — there  he  was, 
right  before  them.  The  rebels  halted  a  moment,  in  dazed  surprise 
at  this  devil's  whirlwind  which  had  been  let  loose  upon  them.  It 
seemed  to  be  a  halt  involuntary  and  without  orders.  Those  ragged 
veterans  saw  it  "  meant  business."  The  savage,  confident  dash  of 
the  charge  was  suggestive  of  a  heavy  support  behind,  and  there  was 
not  much  time  for  them  to  stop  and  think  the  matter  over.  They 
did  what  any  other  body  of  troops  would  have  done  under  like 
circumstances — about-faced  and  went  back  as  fast  as  they  could 
run,  for  a  new  start. 

On  went  the  Second,  in  a  south-west  course,  about  one  hundred 
and  fifty  yards,  through  the  peach  orchard,  its  right  wing  out  at  its 
angle  and  partially  across  the  Emmitsburg  road.  A  sharp  fire  was 
maintained  upon  those  fleeing  rebels,  until  they    reached  a  little 



depression  in  the  fields  and  piled  into  it,  out  of  sight.  There  was 
some  difficulty  in  halting  the  Second.  Its  blood  was  up,  and  many 
of  the  men  seemed  to  think  that  now  was  the  time  to  go  into  Rich- 
mond. But  they  were  at  length  cooled  down,  and  the  regiment  was 
quickly  moved  a  little  to  the  left  along  the  line  of  a  rail  fence  at  the 
southerly  edge  of  the  orchard,  its  right  resting  on  the  road. 

The  fire  was  now  directed,  at  the  left  oblique,  upon  a  body  of 

^m^w     TttT 

v  2'-rK3"fH£- -V-~3?m  e>  1 4-1  Pa. 



/\-  Am  e^'  NY BaHery, relieved  btf\Ja&^H\*&  U.S  

B-TI\o m  p  s  o  nJ5  Pa .  —  (f-  Hart  '5  NX 

troops  about  three  hundred  and  fifty  yards  to  the  front  and  left, 
who  were  moving  by  their  right  flank,  in  two  lines,  nearly  parallel 
with  the  front  of  the  Second.  This  was  Kershaw's  brigade  of  five 
Mississippi  regiments.  At  this  time  the  Third  Maine  came  tearing 
down  the  slope,  lined  up  on  the  left  of  the  Second,  and  joined  in 
the  firing;   while  the  Sixty-eighth   Pennsylvania  came  in  upon  the 

I  2 



right  of  the  Second,  forming  at  right  angles  with  its  line,  facing 
west,  along  the  Emmitsburg  road.  Many  regiments  fought  in  a 
peach  orchard  at  Gettysburg  ;  but  the  three  above  enumerated  were 
the  only  ones  who  formed  a  line  in  "the"  peach  orchard  that  day. 

Kershaw  had  a  rough  experience.  AYhen  first  struck  by  the 
Second,  he  was  trying  to  reach  a  position  from  which  to  enter  the 
Union  lines  at  the  east  side  of  the  peach  orchard.  He  afterwards 
intimated  that  his  discomfiture  was  a  result  of  Barksdale's  failure  to 
attack  simultaneously.  Perhaps  the  Second's  charge,  with  its 
temporary  setback  to  a  part  of  Barksdale's  column,  was  accountable 
for    this   hitch    in    the    arrangements.       Kershaw    was    so    roughly 

handled  that  his  troops  made 
good  time  in  getting  among  the 
rocks  and  shrubbery  of  a  con- 
venient covert  to  their  right. 
Here  they  encountered  some 
of  DeTrobriand's  troops,  and 
after  a  lively  fight  fell  back  two 
hundred  yards,  to  the  cover  of 
the  Rose  farm  buildings.  Even 
here  their  troubles  were  not 
over,  as  Hart's  battery — which 
had  been  pounding  them  with 
magnificent  accuracy  from  the 
moment  they  came  in  sight — 
made  a  veritable  shambles  of 
the  Rose  grounds.  Afterwards, 
the  position  was  found  covered 
with  dead  South  Carolinians. 

Following  the  Second's 
charge,  there  came  for  a  brief 
time  a  lull  in  the  fire  of  the  rebel  artillery.  The  rebels  were 
evidently  sizing  up  and  getting  the  range  of  the  new  disposition  of 
troops  which  had  been  thrust  forward  in  their  faces ;  and  Barksdale 
was  meantime  reorganizing  his  somewhat  disordered  column  of 
attack.  Then  came  the  storm.  Every  rebel  gun  was  let  loose, 
until  the  peach  orchard  seemed  to  be  almost  moving  in  the  windage 

George  F.  Clements,  Co.  C. 

Killed  at  Gettysburg,  July  2,  1863.     He  was 
from  Somersworth. 



of  hurtling  metal.  Under 
cover  of  this  tremendous  fire 
the  final,  decisive  assault 
was  made  by  Barksdale. 
Formed  by  battalions  in 
mass  in  line  of  battle,  his 
troops  swept  steadily  for- 
ward. From  their  direction 
it  was  to  be  seen  that  their 
right,  unless  checked,  would 
enter  the  peach  orchard 
somewhere  on  the  line  held 
by  the  Sixty-eighth  Pennsyl- 
vania. The  Second  directed 
its  fire,  at  the  right  oblique, 
full  upon  the  advancing  col- 
umn, but  it  pushed  forward 
with  magnificent  determina- 
tion, its  gray  masses  rising 
and  falling  with  the  inequal- 
ities of  the  ground,  now 
sinking    into    a    depression, 

Lieut.  Charles  Vickery,  Co,  I, 

Wounded  at  Gettysburg,  July  2,  1863,  and  died  of 
wounds  July  10.  He  was  the  original  fifth  corporal 
of  the  company,  and  from  Manchester. 

and     then    bursting    over    a 

swale,  but  always  onward.  The  Sixty-eighth,  which  had  been  losing 
heavily,  withdrew  up  the  slope  before  the  impact  came,  and 
immediately  after,  the  Third  Maine  also  fell  back.  The  charging 
column,  its  front  now  blazing  with  the  fire  of  small  arms,  advanced 
across  the  unprotected  right  flank  of  the  Second. 

The  subsequent  evolutions  of  the  regiment  could  only  have 
been  performed  by  troops  of  superlative  discipline  and  nerve.  The 
regiment  was  about-faced  and  retired,  making  a  change  of  front  to 
the  rear  while  marching.  Half  way  through  the  peach  orchard,  it 
halted  and  maintained  a  sharp  fire  until  again  overtopped,  when  the 
movement  was  repeated,  bringing  the  regiment  over  the  crest  and 
almost  directly  facing  the  Emmitsburg  road.  Here  there  were  a 
few  moments  of  very  close  and  very  ugly  work,  when,  being  entirely 
unsupported,  the  regiment  was  drawn  back  a  short  distance,  under 
cover,  somewhat,  of  the  eastern  slope  of  the  ridge. 



Concerning  the  last  stand  made  by  the  regiment,  Colonel  Bailey 
has  written  :  "  In  executing  this  movement,  and  upon  facing  the 
regiment  about  to  again  confront  the  enemy,  I  gave  the  order  for 
captains   to    rectify   the   alinement,    but   the   enemy   not    following 

closely,  and  being  a  litttle  dis- 
satisfied with  the  direction  of 
the  line,  I  established  a  general 
line  and  ordered,  '  On  the 
center,  dress  ! '  I  shall  not 
forget  that  then  I  heard  for  the 
last  time  the  voice  of  Captain 
Henry  N.  Metcalf,  who,  dress- 
ing his  company  as  coolly  as  if 
upon  parade,  having  finished 
said  in  a  low  tone  intended  for 
my  ear  alone,  with  a  twinkle  of 
satisfaction  lighting  his  eye, 
'  How  does  that  line  suit  you, 
Colonel  ? '  eliciting  the 
response,  '  Excellent !  excel- 
lent !'  for  it  was  well  deserved. 
And  here  he  laid  down  his  life. 
I  think  his  feet  never  left  the 
line  ;  for  I  believe  I  was  among 
the  first  to  enter  the  peach 
orchard  after  the  battle  was 
over,  in  company  with  George 


Capt.  Henry  N.  Metcalf,  Co.  F. 

Killed  at  Gettysburg,  July  2,  1863.  Was 
from  Keene,  a  printer  by  occupation,  and 
entered  the  service  as  first  lieutenant  of  Co. 
A.  Immediately  after  the  incident  related 
by  Col.  Bailey,  he  said  to  Corpl.  William  H. 
Piper,  "A  good  line,  that,  Henry."  They 
were  his  last  words;  he  fell  the  next  instant 
with  a  bullet  in  his  brain. 

C.  Coburn,  before  our  army  was 
aware  of  General  Lee's  departure,  and  we  found  the  regimental  line 
plainly  marked  by  our  dead  :  here,  Captain  Metcalf,  to  the  left, 
Captain  Roberts,  and  from  right  to  left  each  company's  station,  as 
gallant  and  glorious  an  offering  of  discipline  and  devotion  as  ever 
was  laid  upon  the  altar  of  our  country." 

It  was  close,  stubborn  and  deadly  work — this  last  stand  of  the 
Second.  The  Compte  de  Paris  well  characterized  the  peach 
orchard  fight  by  a  single  word,  "murderous,"  and  this  tussle  was 
its  bloodv  and  terrible  culmination.     The  Third  Maine  and  Sixty- 



eighth  Pennsylvania  made  a  gallant  attempt  to  come  to  the  Second's 
support,  charging  up  into  the  terrible  fire  to  prolong  the  line  upon 
the  right  ;  but  it  was  too  hot  for  them,  and  they  did  not  reach  the 

The  enemy  now  had  possession  of  the  Emmitsburg  road  as  far 
as  Sherfey's,  and  beyond.     There  were  no  Union  troops  upon  the 
left  of  the  Second,  and  those  upon  its  right  were  being  forced  back 
and  northward  from  it.     The  angle  was  smashed,  and  everything 
going  to  the  rear,  where  a  new  line  was  being  hastily  put  together. 
Sickles   and   Graham   were   both  wounded;    the  latter   a  prisoner. 
Nearly  three-fifths  of  the  Second 
Regiment   were  down,   and   the 
men  still  left,  planted  amid  their 
dead   and    wounded    comrades, 
were  standing  up  to  their  work 
as  steadily  and  unflinchingly  as 
though  not  a  man  had  been  hit. 
Had    occasion     required,     they 
were  in  the  spirit  to  stop   right 
there  until  three-fifths  of   those 
yet    on    their    feet    had     been 
knocked  over.     But  it  was  only 
a  waste  of  lives  for  a  handful  of 
men  to  remain  alone  and  unsup- 
ported  in   such  a  slaughterpen. 
The    Second    was    about-faced, 
and  in    regimental    line    moved 
down  the  slope,  in  perfect  order, 
and   taking  with   it    such    of  its 
wounded    as    could    be    carried 

along.  Approaching  the  new  line,  where  several  batteries  were  in 
position,  the  regiment  broke  into  column  from  its  left  (now  become 
the  right),  and  passed  to  the  east,  left  in  front,  receiving,  as  it 
moved  along  the  line  of  the  artillery,  round  upon  round  of  cheers 
from  the  batterymen,  who  had  been  interested  spectators  of  the 
closing  scenes  at  the  peach  orchard. 

The  regiment  halted  to  the  rear  of  the  artillery,  near  a  stream 

Corpl.  John  Chase,  Co.  C. 

Killed  at  Gettysburg,  July  2,  1863. 
from  Auburn. 

He  was 



(Pine  Run)  where  water — much  needed — was  found,  and  where 
the  wounded  who  had  been  brought  thus  far  could  receive  some 
attention.  The  adjutant  was  sent  to  ascertain  the  whereabouts  of 
the  brigade,  which  the  regiment  rejoined  in  the  evening,  going  into 
bivouac  near  Little  Round  Top. 

The   Second  took  three    hundred    and    fifty-four   officers    and 
enlisted  men  into  the  fight.     Its  loss,  as  officially  reported,  was  one 

hundred     and     ninety-three. 
Three  commissioned  officers 
were    killed    and    eighteen 
wounded — f  our    mortally — 
but    three    escaping   unhurt 
out  of  twenty-four.     Out  of 
three     hundred     and     thirty 
enlisted  men,  seventeen  were 
reported  killed,  one  hundred 
and  nineteen   wounded,  and 
thirty-six  missing.     The  mor- 
tally   wounded    swelled    the 
Second's  death  roll  to  forty- 
seven — over     thirteen     per 
cent,  of  the  number  engaged. 
Captains  M etcalf,  of  Com- 
pany   F,     and    Roberts,     of 
Company  C,  fell  dead  at  the 
last  stand  of  the  regiment,  as 
previously  noted.   Lieutenant 
Ballard,  of  Company  B,  was 
wounded  at  the  Wentz  house,  and  died  on   the  9th.     Here,  also, 
Captain  Hubbard,  of  the  same  company,  received  his  death  wound. 
He  was  shot  in  the  forehead,  but  regained  his  feet  and  wandered 
aimlessly  about  for  some   time  after  the  rebel  column  had  passed 
him.     Some  of  his  company  who  were  captured  learned  from  their 
rebel  guards  that  he  lived  about  two  hours.     Being  a  Mason,  and 
having  an  emblem  displayed,  his  body  was  buried  and  his  grave 
carefully  marked  by  members  of   the  order  in  the  rebel   ranks,  so 
that  the  body  was  subsequently  recovered  and  identified. 

Capt,  Joseph  A,  Hubbard,  Co.  B, 

Killed  at  Gettysburg,  July  2,  1863.  Entered  the 
service,  from  Manchester,  as  second  lieutenant  of 
Company  I. 



Lieutenant  Vickery,  of  Company  I,  was  shot  in  the  back, 
injuring  his  spine,  and  fell  into  the  hands  of  the  rebels,  who 
stripped  and  robbed  him  with  their  customary  dexterity.  A  rebel 
major  came  along,  made  some 
inquiries  of  him,  and  then  ordered 
some  rebel  soldiers  to  carry  him  to 
a  barn  ( probably  Trestle's)  and 
leave  a  canteen  of  water  with  him. 
The  barn  was  in  the  line  of  artil- 
lery fire  the  next  day,  and  Vickery 
was  again  wounded,  slightly,  by  a 
grapeshot.  When  brought  to  the 
field  hospital,  where  he  came 
under  the  care  of  Harriet  Dame, 
he  was  full  of  courage  and  confi- 
dent he  would  be  all  right  in  a 
short  time.  But  he  died  on  the 
10th,  as,  also,  did  Lieutenant 
Patch,  of  Company  K,  who  had  a 
wound  in  the  abdomen  which  was 
recognized  from  the  first  as  prob- 
ably mortal. 

Lieutenant  Dascomb,  of  Com- 
pany G,  lingered  until  the  13th. 
He  was  not  brought  in  until  the 

4th,  when,  with  others  of  his  wounded  comrades,  he  was  found  at 
the  Wentz  house. 

All  three  of  the  field  officers  had  wounds,  but  only  that  of  Major 
Sayles  was  severe.  He  received  a  terrible  gunshot  wound  in  the 
thigh,  and  was  left  on  the  field.  Comrades  who  lay  near  him  say 
there  never  was  a  more  complete  and  comprehensive  gospel  of 
damnation  laid  down  than  that  he  recited  to  the  rebel  who,  while 
he  lay  crippled  and  helpless,  pulled  the  boot  from  his  wounded  leg. 
In  some  way  he  got  to  the  Trestle  barn,  where  he  was  found  by 
Lieutenant-Colonel  Carr's  rescue  party  on  the  morning  of  the  4th. 

Lieutenant-Colonel  Carr's  wound  was  an  ugly  contusion  of  the 
groin.     He  was  standing,   naked  sword  in  hand,  when  a  canister 

Jonathan  Merrill,  Co.  I. 

Received  a  frightful  wound  in  the  thigh, 
from  a  fragment  of  shell,  at  Gettysburg. 
Lay  in  the  field  hospital  several  weeks 
before  he  could  be  removed  to  Baltimore, 
and  it  was  many  months  before  he  was  able 
to  go  home.     He  now  resides  at  Bradford. 

1 84 


ball  struck  it,  making  three 
pieces  of  the  blade,  and  forcing 
the  guard  against  his  groin. 
"Well,"  he  said,  philosophic- 
ally, as  he  surveyed  the  piece 
still  left  in  his  hand,  "better  be 
a  sword  out  than  a  leg,  any- 

Lieutenant  Perkins,  acting 
adjutant,  and  commanding 
Company  D,  and  Lieutenant 
Converse,  of  Company  A,  each 
lost  an  arm  ;  and  eight  other 
officers  received  wounds  more 
or  less  severe. 

It  was  unavoidable,  under 
the  conditions  of  July  2,  that 
many  of  the  Second's  wounded 
should  be  left  upon  the  field. 
In  the  bivouac  that  night  the 
men  still  left  with  the  colors 
compared  notes  and  talked  the 
matter  over,  and  it  was  thought 
more  than  probable  that  some 
of  the  wounded  comrades  were  within  reach  of  succor,  and  plans 
were  laid  for  their  rescue.  At  daylight  of  the  3d  the  feeling  was 
almost  mutinous  when  it  was  learned  that  orders  had  been  issued 
prohibiting  the  sending  out  of  regimental  parties  after  the  wounded. 
But  the  feeling  became  so  intense  that  late  on  the  night  of  the  3d, 
bidding  defiance  to  orders,  and  in  obedience  to  the  dictates  of 
humanity  and  comradeship,  Lieutenant-Colonel  Carr  secretly  set 
out  with  a  party  of  volunteers  on  their  errand  of  mercy.  They 
made  their  way  out  as  far  as  the  Trostle  barn,  in  and  around  which 
they  found  a  number  of  the  Second  men,  whom  they  brought  in, 
among  them  being  Major  Sayles.  Later,  on  the  morning  of  the 
4th,  Colonel  Bailey,  accompanied  by  George  C.  Coburn,  rode  out 
as   far  as  the  peach  orchard,  finding  twenty-one  of  the    Second's 

Capt.  Albert  M,  Perkins,  Co.  K, 

Born  in  Exeter  March  21,  1842.  Left  Mid- 
dleboro'  Academy  to  enlist  in  Company  E,  and 
was  made  first  sergeant.  At  Gettysburg,  as 
first  lieutenant  and  acting  adjutant,  and  also  in 
command  of  Company  D,  his  left  arm  was  shat- 
tered, necessitating  amputation,  and  he  was 
promoted  to  captain  and  assigned  to  Company 
K.  He  died  from  the  effects  of  his  wound,  Sep- 
tember 6,  1865,  and  was  buried  with  Masonic 
honors  at  Exeter.  The  Grand  Army  post  at 
Epping  is  named  for  him  and  furnishes  the 
above  portrait. 

AT  THE    WENTZ  HOUSE.  185 

wounded,  including  Lieutenant  Dascomb,  at  the  Wentz  house. 
There  were  no  signs  of  rebels,  and  Coburn  was  at  once  dispatched 
for  ambulances. 

The  following  extracts  from  a  recent  newspaper  contribution, 
written  by  Wyman  W.  Holden,  of  Company  B,  give  a  vivid  picture 
of  the  fight  made  by  that  company  in  their  detached  position  : 

"  While  standing  in  line,  awaiting  orders,  some  distance  in  rear 
of  the  position  we  were  to  occupy,  an  aide  approached  from  the 
direction  of  the  Sherfey  house,  and  presenting  the  compliments  of 
General  Graham,  with  a  further  allusion  to  the  past  record  of  the 
Second  New  Hampshire,  highly  complimentary,  requested  Colonel 
Bailey  to  form  his  men  in  the  peach  orchard  as  support  to  a  New 
York  battery.  On  reaching  our  position  in  the  orchard,  Company 
B,  the  only  company  in  the  regiment  armed  with  Sharp's  breech- 
loaders, was  disposed  about  the  Wentz  house,  resting  on  the  pike, 
most  of  them  between  the  house  and  barn  on  the  right  of  the 
regiment,  and  to  the  right  of  the  battery,  to  act  as  sharpshooters  if 
occasion  required. 

"  We  were  strangers  to  the  battery  and  they  to  us,  but  our  short 
acquaintance  was  quite  exciting  while  it  lasted.  The  right  gun  of 
the  right  section  of  the  battery,  whose  immediate  supports  we  were, 
was  planted  some  six  rods  back  from  the  pike  and  midway  between 
the  house  and  barn,  the  ground  sloping  gently  in  front  to  the  pike, 
with  no  obstruction  intervening.  As  Longstreet's  forces  were 
making  their  way  to  our  left,  and  could  be  seen  at  one  point  in  the 
line  not  hidden  by  the  forest,  we  had  a  good  opportunity  and  some 
moments  to  observe  them,  and  we  took  in  the  whole  situation  and 
easily  divined  the  intention  of  the  enemy. 

"Now  a  few  words  as  to  the  manner  in  which  this  particular  gun 
on  the  right  was  handled  during  the  action.  While  the  enemy  were 
yet  moving  into  position,  and  in  that  part  of  their  line  (visible  to 
us)  away  off  to  the  right,  a  battery  appeared,  and  immediately  the 
gun  was  carefully  sighted  and  one  or  two  shells  exploded  in  their 
immediate  vicinity.  An  officer,  viewing  the  battery  through  a  field- 
glass,  remarked  that  the  enemy  seemed  somewhat  surprised  at  their 
visitors,  but  no  reply  came  to  the  challenge.  Shortly  after,  their 
line  halted,  faced  to  the  left,  and  their  batteries  came  thundering 

1 86 


out  of  the  woods  in  fine  style.  The  one  that  went  into  battery 
just  opposite  our  position  came  up  the  road  that  enters  the  pike  to 
the  left  of  the  Went/,  house,  and  wheeling  to  the  left,  with  horses 
on  the  dead  run,  unlimbered  their  pieces  in  the  broad,  open  field, 
which  appeared  to  us  as  level  as  a  house  floor. 

"  So  absorbing  was  the  sight,  so  splendid  the  manoeuvering  of 
this  battery,  that  I  was  lost  for  a  moment  in  admiration  of  the 
scene;    but  as  the  horses  started  for  the  shelter  of  the  woods   in 

the  rear  I  suddenly  remem- 
bered what  they  were  there 
for,  and  measuring  the  dis- 
tance with  my  eye,  I  adjusted 
the  sights  to  eighty  rods  and 
paid  my  compliments  to  the 
cannoneers  grouped  about  the 
muzzle  of  their  left  gun.  This 
courtesy  was  returned  a  sec- 
ond later  with  true  military 
politeness  in  the  shape  of 
canister.  After  the  second 
round    the   smoke    hung   over 


ground    in    such    volume 

Wyman  W.  Holden,  Co.  B, 

From  a  portrait  taken  about  the  time  of  the  war. 
He  now  lives  at  Bethel,  Vt. 

that  sharpshooting  was  out  of 
the  question,  and  we  aimed  at 
the  flash  of  the  guns. 

"  Our  company  had  sought 
such  shelter  as  the  ground 
and  buildings  afforded,  but  mindful  of  a  year's  experience  in 
Southern  prisons,  I  looked  for  an  open  rear,  and  lying  flat  upon  the 
ground  some  thirty  feet  in  front,  and  to  the  right  of  the  gun  we 
were  supporting,  I  declined  an  earnest  invitation  from  Corporal 
Cheever  to  come  behind  the  chimney  at  the  end  of  the  house  (from 
which  point  he,  with  other  comrades,  started  direct  for  Anderson- 
ville),and  maintained  my  position  until  my  sights  had  been  lowered 
to  a  dead  level,  and  the  advancing  infantry  had  delivered  a  wither- 
ing fire  in  our  faces. 

"  While   lying   here,  and   during    the   advance   of    the    enemy's 


infantry,  I  glanced  behind  me  at  the  gun  thundering  in  my  rear, 
and  was  surprised  to  see  but  two  men  at  the  piece  ;  one  of  them  I 
thought  at  the  time  was  a  commissioned  officer,  stripped  to  the 
waist  and  wearing  a  white  shirt  ;  the  other  in  much  the  same 
condition — bareheaded,  sleeves  rolled  up,  but  much  blacker  from 
the  stains  of  smoke  and  powder.  As  one  of  the  men  was  just 
bringing  the  ammunition  when  I  looked  at  them,  and  the  two 
proceeded  to  load  the  gun,  it  occurred  to  me  that  without  reinforce- 
ments another  blast  of  canister  through  that  opening  would  be  very 
likely  to  leave  us  in  support  of  a  very  silent  piece  of  artillery.  The 
situation  was  warm  enough,  just  then,  to  have  suited  even  such  a 
cold-blooded  fighter  as  the  author  of  '  The  Cannoneer.'  Looking 
to  the  rear  a  moment  later,  the  gun  was  gone,  but  their  supports 
were  still  there.  I  have  an  impression  that  our  battery  was  relieved 
by  some  rifled  guns,  which  fired  one  or  two  rounds  and  retired. 

"The  rear  of  the  barn  looked  like  a  seive  from  the  numerous 
volleys  of  canister  which  had  passed  through  it,  and  the  ground  was 
covered  with  kindling  wood,  before  it  took  fire  from  a  shell  and  was 
consumed.  The  house  escaped  destruction  and  was  not  perforated 
by  shot  or  shell,  because,  if  we  believe  the  enemy,  a  son  of  the 
owner  was  serving  in  the  rebel  ranks,  and  at  his  request  they 
spared  it. 

"  When  their  infantry  advanced,  the  constant  crowding  toward 
the  center  kept  the  ranks  full  and  well  closed  up,  our  fire  making 
apparently  little  or  no  impression  upon  them.  They  were  reinforced 
from  right  and  left  at  every  step.  When  they  had  approached 
within  point-blank  range,  they  were  a  compact  mass  of  humanity, 
and,  although  the  shooting  was  good,  there  was  not  enough  of  it. 

"Our  thin  line,  already  fearfully  decimated  by  the  dreadful 
artillery,  could  offer  no  successful  resistance  to  such  overwhelming 
numbers,  and,  lacking  reinforcements,  were  forced  to  retire." 

General  Birney,  in  his  official  report,  handsomely  acknowledged 
the  splendid  work  of  the  regiments  sent  him  from  Burling's 
brigade  :  "  I  cannot  estimate  too  highly  the  services  of  the  regi- 
ments from  Burling's  brigade  of  the  Second  Division — the  Fifth, 
Sixth  and  Seventh  New  Jersey  Volunteers  and  Second  New  Hamp- 
shire.    These  regiments  were  sent  to  me  during  the  contest,  and 


most    gallantly   did   they   sustain   the   glorious   reputations  won  by 
them  in  former  battles." 

The  regiment  was  early  under  arms  on  the  morning  of  the  3d 
of  July,  ready  for  whatever  fate  might  have  in  store  for  it  on  the 
third  day  of  the  greatest  battle  of  the  continent.  It  remained  in 
position  near  Little  Round  Top  until  about  noon.  Then  the  brig- 
ade was  hurriedly  called  away  to  the  right,  and  went  off  at  the 
double-quick  to  reinforce  the  anticipated  point  of  attack,  indicated 
by  the  terrific  fire  of  rebel  artillery.  It  took  position  immediately 
to  the  left  of  the  Second  Corps,  closed  to  half  company  distance  in 
column  of  regiments,  on  the  eastern  slope  of  the  ridge,  and  in  rear 
of  the  batteries  it  was  directed  to  support.  Notwithstanding  the 
heavy  fire  of  the  rebel  artillery,  there  were  no  casualties  worthy  of 
mention,  in  the  Second.  The  men  hugged  the  ground,  and  under 
protection  of  the  ridge  the  rebel  missiles  passed  harmlessly  over 
their  heads.  Some,  inspired  by  curiosity,  crept  forward  to  see  the 
fun  when  Pickett  charged  the  Second  Corps,  and  witnessed  the 
breaking  of  that  tremendous  wave  whose  limit  was  "  the  high-water 
mark  of  the  rebellion."  But  Burling's  brigade  was  not  actively 
engaged  during  the  day,  and  at  night  went  into  bivouac  in  a  heavy 
growth  of  timber  at  the  base  of  Little  Round  Top,  where  it 
remained  until  the  afternoon  of  the  6th. 

Official  Report  of  Colonel  Bailey. 

Headquarters  Second  Regiment  N.  H.  Volunteers, 
Third  Brigade,  Second  Division,  Third  Corps, 

Near  Gettysburg,  Pa.,  July  5,  1863. 

General:  I  have  the  honor  to  submit  the  following  report  of  the  part  taken  by  my  regiment 
on  the  second  instant,  in  the  battle  at  this  place: 

Commencing  at  the  time  it  was  detached  from  your  command,  it  then  being  in  position  with 
your  brigade  in  front  of  the  Emmitsburg  road,  at  3  o'clock  p.  m.  I  had  the  honor  to  receive  your 
order  to  report  to  General  Graham,  and  immediately  moving  by  double-quick  to  the  front,  I  had 
the  honor  to  announce  myself  to  that  general  with  twenty-four  commissioned  officers  and  three 
hundred  and  thirty  rifles.  I  was  at  once  ordered  to  support  Battery  G,  First  New  York  Artil- 
lery, and  one  section  of  a  battery  unknown,  all  light  twelve-pounders,  brass.  In  this  position 
my  left  rested  upon  the  right  of  the  Sixty-eighth  Pennsylvania,  my  right  covered  by  a  wood 
house  situated  upon  the  Emmitsburg  road,  my  line  forming  a  right  angle  with  that  road.  Two 
hundred  yards  from  my  front  the  Third  Maine  was  skirmishing  with  the  enemy.  At  four 
o'clock,  while  experiencing  a  terrific  fire  of  spherical  case  and  canister  from  batteries  on  my 
front  and  on  my  right  six  hundred  and  fifty  yards  distant,  I  directed  the  rolls  of  my  companies 
to  be  called,  and  found  but  eight  of  the  total  number  equipped  absent.  These  had  fallen  out  of 
the  ranks  from  sunstroke  and  exhaustion,  while  moving  by  double-quick  to  the  position.     At 


4.30  p.  m.  the  Third  Maine  were  withdrawn  from  our  front  to  our  rear,  and  about  this  time  a 
battery  and  a  section  of  Rodman  pieces  were  substituted  for  those  we  were  supporting;  these 
pieces  were  worked  with  great  inefficiency,  and  at  five  o'clock  it  was  observed  that  a  brigade  of 
the  enemy  was  advancing  on  our  right  in  column  of  battalions  massed,  while  two  regiments  were 
moving  directly  parallel  with  my  front  to  the  left,  evidently  with  design  to  turn  that  flank.  I 
reported  the  facts  to  Gen.  Graham  and  asked  permission  to  charge  the  enemy;  being  close  upon 
us,  being  so  near  that  the  officer  commanding  the  section  of  battery  spiked  his  pieces,  fearful 
that  he  should  lose  them.  The  General  gave  me  directions  to  go  forward.  When  I  gave  the 
order  my  regiment  started  immediately,  and  advanced  one  hundred  and  fifty  yards  at  a  run  with 
a  yell  and  such  impetuosity  as  to  cause  the  enemy  to  return  to  a  ravine  two  hundred  and  fifty 
yards  in  our  front,  where  they  were  screened  from  our  fire,  when  I  directed  the  fire  of  my 
battalion  to  the  left  oblique  upon  the  two  regiments  moving  along  my  front  by  the  flank  at 
about  the  same  distance.  My  fire  was  so  galling,  assisted  by  that  from  the  Third  Maine,  which 
had  come  up  and  taken  position  on  my  left,  as  to  cause  them  to  break  and  seek  shelter,  when 
my  attention  was  again  called  to  my  right,  strengthened  by  the  Sixty-eighth  Pennsylvania, 
forming  at  right  angles  with  my  front  and  parallel  with  the  Emmitsburg  road,  upon  which  was 
advancing  the  brigade  of  the  enemy  moving  by  battalions  in  mass  in  line  of  battle.  I  immedi- 
ately directed  the  fire  of  my  regiment  to  the  right  oblique  full  upon  it;  yet  their  line  of  fire, 
assisted  by  a  terrible  discharge  of  spherical  case  from  their  batteries,  caused  the  Sixty-eighth  to 
retire,  and  at  the  same  moment  the  Third  Maine  moved  to  the  rear,  though  in  good  order,  two 
hundred  yards.  Finding  myself  thus  unsupported  and  the  enemy  still  advancing,  I  ordered  my 
regiment  to  fall  back  slowly,  firing,  which  was  fully  executed.  I  moved  to  the  rear  one  hundred 
and  fifty  yards  and  halted  my  line  under  the  brow  of  the  hill,  halting  also  on  the  brow  to  give  a 
volley  to  the  enemy,  then  distant  but  twenty  yards.  The  position  of  the  three  regiments  was 
that  of  echelon  of  about  twenty  paces,  my  regiment  being  the  apex.  The  enemy  continued 
advancing  until  they  reached  the  brow  of  the  hill,  when  their  left  swept  toward  the  Sixty-eighth 
Pennsylvania,  in  such  overwhelming  numbers  as  to  cause  it  to  give  way,  and  fearing  that  those 
regiments  which  had  been  observed  marching  toward  my  left  might  appear  upon  that  flank,  and 
knowing  our  efforts  must  prove  futile  against  such  fearful  odds,  I  gave  the  order  to  retire, 
which  was  done  quite  rapidly,  yet  coolly  and  without  excitement,  many  halting  to  fire  upon  the 
enemy  as  they  went.  I  rejoined  the  brigade  at  about  6.30  p.  m.,  fearfully  diminished  in  num- 
bers, yet  firm  and  fearless  still. 

This  battalion  entered  the  fight  with  a  firm  determination  to  do  or  die,  and  the  long  lists  of 
fallen  comrades  already  submitted  will  show  how  well  that  resolution  was  kept.  When  all  did 
so  well  it  would  be  invidious  to  make  comparisons.  Let  it  suffice  to  say  they  did  their  part  as 
became  sons  of  the  Old  Granite  State.  For  our  fallen  braves  who  have  so  gloriously  perished 
fighting  for  their  country  we  drop  a  comrade's  tear, — while  we  would  extend  our  heartfelt 
sympathy  to  those  dear  ones  far  away,  who  find  the  ties  of  kindred  and  friends  thus  rudely 
severed,  and  for  those  who  must  suffer  untold  agony  and  pain  through  long  weeks  of  convales- 
cence, our  earnest  sympathy,  yet  leaving  them  to  the  watchful  care  of  Him  who  will  not  prove 
unmindful  of  their  necessities. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be,  sir,  your  obedient  servant, 

Colonel  Second  New  Hampshire   Volunteers. 
Col.  George  C.  Burling, 

Comdg.   Third  Brig.,  Second  Div.,   Third  Corps. 


JULY  5    TO    JULY    30,    1863. THE    PURSUIT    OF    LEE A    CAMP    RIOT 





UN  DAY,  July  5.  The  brigade  went  on  picket 
this  morning,  but  soon  returned  to  its  biv- 
ouac, the  rebels  having  fallen  back. 

July  6.  The  rebels  have  retreated,  and 
our  army  moves  in  pursuit.  We  were  packed 
up,  ready  to  march,  all  day.  The  brigade 
did  start,  but  the  roads  were  so  crowded  it 
did  not  go  far. 

July  7.     The  division  took  an  early  start 

— two  o'clock  in  the  morning— and  marched 

to  Emmitsburg.     "Culpepper"   picked  up  a 

big  pot   of   money,  said   to   be  nearly  $200, 

somewhere  about  here.     [He  was  a  rascally 

camp  follower,  only  tolerated  because  he  was 

a  brother  of  one  of  the  officers  ;   and  it  was 

afterwards  strongly  suspected  that  he  looted 

the  poor-box  of  the  convent  at  Emmitsburg.]      In  the  afternoon  we 

marched  to  Mechanicstown,  over  the  Emmitsburg  and  Frederick 

turnpike,  an  excellent  macadamized  road. 

July  8.  Marched  at  five  in  the  morning,  and  arrived  at  Fred- 
erick after  dark.  It  rained  very  hard  during  the  forenoon,  but 
the  sun  dried  us  off  in  the  afternoon. 

July  9.  Marched  to  Middletown,  where  we  got  a  mail  while 
halting  for  rest  and  rations.  Then  continued  our  march  four  miles, 
to  the  foot  of  South  Mountain.  In  the  evening  we  started  again 
and  marched  over  the  mountain. 

"  CARRY    ME   BACK  TO   OLD 



July  10.  Off  early  in  the  morning,  and  at  nightfall  were  on 
the  Antietam  battle  ground,  where  we  went  into  camp  ;  but  at  n 
o'clock  p.  m.  were  again  on  the  march  and  went  about  five  miles  in 
a  northerly  direction. 

July  11.  Lay  quiet  nearly  all  day.  Late  in  the  afternoon  the 
corps  moved  about  three  miles  to  the  north-west,  crossing  Antietam 
Creek  at  the  stone  bridge,  and  camping  on  ground  occupied 
yesterday  by  the  rebels. 

July  12.  In  the  morning  the  regiment  was  formed  in  hollow 
square  and  orders  read  from  General  Meade  that  we  are  about  to 
attack  the  enemy,  with  the  customary  exhortations  to  the  men  to 
do  their  duty.  In  the  afternoon 
the  corps  moved  up  about  a  mile, 
toward  Williamsport,  but  the 
expected  attack  did  not  take 
place  according  to  program. 

June  13.  Lay  in  camp  all 
day.  Large  quantities  of  artillery 
went  to  the  front,  including  some 
heavy  guns.  Signal  officer  from 
the  front  reports  that  the  rebels 
are  having  a  hard  time  getting 
across  the  Potomac,  on  account 
of  high  water  and  lack  of  boats. 
They  have  no  pontoons,  their 
train  having  been  captured  and 
destroyed  by  our  cavalry  three  or 
four  days  since.  Drew  rations  to 
last  till  Wedndesday,  15  th.  The 
corps  now  has  a  third  division,  composed  largely  of  short-term 
emergency  troops,  militia  from  New  York  and  Pennsylvania,  with  a 
sprinkling  of  veteran  regiments  as  a  guard  against  accidents. 

July  14.  Well,  the  Johnnies  have  all  got  away  again.  Lee's 
army  is  across  the  river,  and  this  morning  our  army  advanced  and 
occupied  their  deserted  position.  The  Third  Corps  went  forward 
about  two  miles,  passing  over  the  rebel  breastworks. 

July  15.     Started  at  six  in  the  morning,  and  marched  until  two 

Sergt.  James  M,  House,  Co,  I. 

Severely  wounded  at  Gettysburg.  He 
was  from  Manchester,  and  has  for  many 
years  held  a  position  in  the  U.  S.  Pension 
Department  at  Washington. 



in  the  afternoon  with  but  one  halt  for  rest.  Whew!  Passed 
through  Fair  Play,  Gloucester,  and  Sharpsburg,  and  went  into 
bivouac  about  two  miles  beyond  the  latter  place.  Came  very  near 
having  a  bloody  riot  with  the  Sixth  New  York  Heavy  Artillery,  who 

were  in  camp  near  us.  The 
major  of  the  Heavies  impru- 
dently chased  into  the  lines 
of  the  Second  a  boy  who  had 
been  caught  pilfering  from 
the  H.  A.'s  sutler,  and 
proceeded  to  administer  cor- 
poreal punishment.  Some  of 
the  Second  men  took  a  hand 
for  the  boy  and  pitched  the 
major  out  of  camp.  He  ran 
up  the  hill  to  his  own  regi- 
ment, and  soon  the  assembly 
was  sounded  and  the  Heavies 
were  seen  hurriedly  falling 
into  line.  The  adjutant  of 
the  Sixth  New  Jersey  was  the 
first  to  comprehend  that  the 
infuriated  major  was  actually 
forming  his  regiment  as  a 
posse  to  enforce  his  authority 
within  the  lines  of  our  brig- 
ad,  and  as  he  rolled  out  from 
under  his  shelter,  baretooted 
and  in  his  shirtsleeves,  he  shouted  to  a  bugler,  "The  assembly — 
quick  !  "  It  was  but  a  few  seconds  before  every  bugle  in  the 
brigade  took  up  the  call,  and  the  dusty  veterans  were  tumbling  out 
and  slinging  on  their  equipments.  Just  at  the  critical  moment, 
General  French,  the  corps  commander,  with  his  staff,  was  seen 
coming  down  the  road  at  a  furious  gallop  to  see  what  all  this 
commotion  in  Burling's  brigade  meant.  He  first  came  to  the 
Second,  and  soon  learned  what  the  trouble  was.  The  bedraggled 
major  also  came  down  to  lay  his  troubles  before  the  general,  and 

George  C.  Coburn,  Co.  G. 

Was  from  Littleton.  Colonel  Bailey's  orderly, 
and  with  an  individuality  which  made  him  as  well 
known  as  the  colonel.  Everybody  knew  "Pug'' 
Coburn.     He  died  at  Lisbon,  June  10,  1891. 



when  he  had  finished  his  tale  of  woe  the  general  roared  out : 
"They  served  you  right,  sir  !  What  business  or  authority  have  you 
in  the  camp  of  this  brigade?  Go  to  your  own  command,  sir!" 
The  major  went,  and  the  brass-mounted  Heavies  were  saved  an 

awful  licking. 

Julv   16.     Marched    to    within    about    four    miles    of    Harper's 
Ferry.      Drew  three  days'  rations. 

July  17.  Marched  at  4  p.  m.  Crossed  at  Harper's  Ferry  on  a 
pontoon  bridge  of  forty  boats,  and  over  the  chain  bridge,  and 
advanced  about  three  miles  on 
the  Leesburg  road.  The  Second 
went  on  picket  at  night.  A 
squad  of  deserters  arrived  from 
New  Hampshire,  and  Billy 
Appleton  started  for  Washing- 
ton to  take  the  examination  for 
a  commission  in  a  negro  regi- 

July  18.  The  corps  moved 
at  4  a.  m.,  and  some  of  the 
Second  were  overlooked  in  the 
withdrawal  of  pickets  until  long 
after  the  regiment  marched. 
Went  about  eight  miles. 

July  19.  Started  at  8  a.  m. 
and  marched  about  five  miles. 
Sid.  Farrow  rejoined  the  com- 
pany    (I),     direct     from     the 

Gettysburg  hospitals.  Charley  Vickery  died  on  the  10th,  and 
Ballard,  Dascomb  and  Patch  are  all  dead.  The  Second  Division 
were  sharply  reprimanded,  in  orders  by  General  French,  for 
straggling.  They  have  not  been  accustomed  to  this  kind  of  "sass" 
from  their  former  corps  commanders,  and  are  consequently  swear- 
ing mad. 

July  20.     Reveille  at   2    in   the    morning,    and    marched  at  4, 
following  the  eastern  slope  of  the  Blue  Ridge.     At  3  p.  m.  arrived 
at  Upperville,  about  a  mile  from  Ashby's  Gap.     The  debris  of  many 

John  B,  Fisk,  Co.  A. 

Was  from  Fitzwilliam.  Wounded  at  Gettys- 
burg, July  2,  1863,  and  discharged  for  disability 
the  following  December. 



a  cavalry   fight   is   scattered    about,  and    directly    in  front   of  the 
Second's  camp,  by  the  roadside,  are  four  fresh  graves. 

July  21.  Inspection  of  arms,  in  the  forenoon,  by  Colonel 
Burling.  An  order  was  read  relative  to  details  to  be  sent  home  to 
drill  drafted  men — three  commissioned  officers  and  six  enlisted 
men  from  each  regiment. 

July  22.  The  corps  marched  at  3  p.  m.,  taking  the  Manassas 
Gap  road.  Passed  through  Piedmont,  where  we  crossed  the  rail- 
road, and  camped  about  a  mile  beyond,  by  the  side  of  Goose  Creek. 
July  23.  At  5  a.  m.  marched  to  Manassas  Gap,  where  the 
cavalry  have  been  skirmishing  with  the  enemy  for  the  past  three 
days.  In  the  afternoon  the  corps  attacked  the  rebels,  and  after  a 
fight  of  three  hours  drove  them  from  the  heights  at  the  west  end  of 
the  gap. 

This  movement  through  Manassas  Gap,  with  its  resultant  battle 
of  Wapping  Heights,  was  a  reconnoissance  in  force,  made  with  the 

hope  of  cutting  in  upon  and  crippling 
Lee  on  his  line  of  retreat  up  the  valley 
of  the  Shenandoah.  The  First  Divis- 
ion, then  commanded  by  General 
Ward,  entered  the  gap  on  the  night  of 
July  22,  and  relieved  Buford's  cavalry, 
while  the  Second  and  Third  Divisions 
came  up  on  the  following  morning, 
joining  the  First  at  Linden  Station  at 
about  9  o'clock. 

The  gap  is  several  miles  in  length, 
and  varies  in  width  from  a  quarter  of 
a  mile  to  a  mile.  Its  western  end  is 
blocked  by  a  steep,  rocky  transverse 
ridge,  known  as  Wapping  Heights. 
This  strong  position  was  occupied  by 
a  heavy  flank  guard  sent  by  Lee  to 
cover  his  movements,  the  rebel  force 

Corpl,  Darius  K.  Bean,  Co.  F. 

Was  severely  wounded  at  Gettys- 
burg, July  2,  1863,  and  after  being 
discharged  from  the  Second  enlisted 
in  the  Veteran  Reserve  Corps,  from 
which  he  was  discharged  after  four 
months'  service,  on  account  of  his 
wounds.     Resides  at   Bedford,  Mass. 

consisting  of  Rodes'  division  of  Ewell's 

corps  and  Wright's  brigade  of  Anderson's  division. 

The  Third  Corps  proceeded  to  dislodge  the  enemy. 

The  First 



Division  advanced  up  the  heights  in  line  of  battle,  preceded  by 
skirmishers,  and  followed  by  the  Second  and  Third  Divisions 
formed  in  brigade  columns  in  mass.  The  ground,  although  very 
rough  and  broken,  was  open,     


1 — . — 5— 



and  the  movements  of  every 
man  of  the  corps  in  plain 
view.  The  skirmishers,  from 
Berdan's  Sharpshooters,  did 
the  work  and  carried  the 
heights.  Crawling  up  the 
steep  slopes,  through  the  tall 
grass  and  under  cover  of  the 
scattered  bowlders,  the  deadly 
accuracy  of  their  fire  at 
length  broke  the  nerve  of  the 
rebels,  who  fled  down  the 
other  side  of  the  crest,  leaving 
several  of  their  dead  behind 
the  stone  fence  which  had 
served  them  as  a  breastwork. 

From  the  crest  the  ground 
fell  away  more  gradually  to 
the  west,  and  there  was  an 
extensive  view,  covering  miles  of  the  Shenandoah  valley.  The 
corps  had  hardly  gained  the  position  when  General  Meade  rode  up 
and  took  a  long  survey  of  the  country  to  the  west.  Then  the 
Second  Division  was  thrown  forward,  the  Second  Brigade  (Excel- 
siors) in  advance,  with  Burling's  following  in  support. 

A  ragged  gulch,  in  which  a  wild  tangle  of  dewberry  vines 
treacherously  concealed  the  pitfalls  among  masses  of  bowlders, 
cut  the  slope  down  which  the  advance  was  made.  Upon  the 
opposite  side  was  a  swarm  of  the  enemy's  sharpshooters  and 
skirmishers.  The  column  plunged  into  this  ravine,  and  when  the 
Excelsiors  went  scrambling  up  the  opposite  side,  the  rebels  left. 
But,  two  hundred  yards  beyond,  there  was  another  crest,  upon 
which  a  rebel  battle  line  suddenly  arose  and  opened  a  sharp  fire. 
But  as  soon  as  they  were  well  clear  of  the  gulch  the  Excelsiors  went 

Sedley  A,  Lowd,  Co,  K. 

Born  in  Portsmouth,  April  21,  1841.  After  his 
discharge  from  the  Second,  he  served  a  term  in 
the  First  N.  H.  H.  A.  Since  the  war  he  has 
resided  in  Londonderry;  P.  O.  address,  Derry 


for  this   line  with   a  rush  and   swept   it   into  and  across   an  open 
ravine  to  its  rear. 

Burling's  brigade,  deploying  as  it  advanced,  crossed  the  ravine, 
and  halted  just  under  cover  of  its  western  lip,  within  easy  support- 
ing distance  of  the  Excelsiors.  A  rebel  battery  did  a  little  firing 
from  a  distance,  and  their  infantry  ostentatiously  displayed  itself  at 
various  points ;  but  night  was  coming  on,  and  the  fighting  was  over 
for  the  day.  Meade  had  accomplished  his  purpose  in  forcing  the 
gap,  and  Lee  had  accomplished  his  by  making  Meade  take  a  whole 
day  to  do  it  in.  But  a  small  portion  of  the  force  present  on  either 
side  was  actually  engaged,  and  the  losses  were  not  heavy.  Rodes 
reported  the  rebel  loss  as  about  ninety-five.  The  Union  loss  was 
one  hundred  and  five — twenty-four  in  the  First  Division  and  eighty- 
one  in  the  Second. 

July  24.  At  an  early  hour  this  morning  it  was  learned  that  the 
rebels  had  withdrawn  from  our  front,  and  the  Second  Division  was 
ordered  to  advance  to  Front  Royal.  The  Second  Regiment  were 
deployed  as  skirmishers,  and  sweeping  a  wide  range  on  either  side 
of  the  road,  picked  up  quite  a  number  of  footsore  and  discouraged 
rebel  stragglers.  The  rebels  made  no  opposition  to  speak  of,  their 
liveliest  demonstration  being  a  few  shots  from  a  battery  at  Front 
Royal,  as  the  skirmish  line  approached  the  village.  One  of  our 
batteries  was  at  once  brought  up  to  the  line,  and  put  in  position  in 
the  fields  to  the  left  of  the  road.  But  the  rebel  battery  quickly 
decamped,  and  a  few  of  our  cavalry  scouts,  dashing  into  the  town, 
found  it  entirely  clear  of  rebels,  excepting  a  few  sick  and  wounded 
unfortunates.  The  object  of  the  movement  being  accomplished, 
the  skirmish  line  was  withdrawn,  and  the  division  marched  back  as 
far  as  Markham  Station,  in  the  gap,  where  it  camped  for  the  night. 

July  25.  Made  a  march  of  about  fifteen  miles,  passing  through 
the  village  of  Salem.  The  footsore  and  barefoot  fellows  got  a  ride 
today  on  an  empty  supply  train.  There  was  a  big  thunder  shower 
during  the  night. 

July  26.  Took  an  early  morning  start  and  marched  to  Warren- 
ton.  As  the  regiment  marched  down  the  main  street,  General 
Marston  was  sighted,  standing  in  front  of  a  house,  and  answering 
the  greetings  of  his  old  boys  with  nods  and  smiles  of  satisfaction. 


It  was  soon  noised  about  that  his  mission  was  to  have  the  Second, 
Fifth  and  Twelfth  New  Hampshire  regiments  detached  from  the 
Army  of  the  Potomac  for  the  formation  of  a  brigade  to  serve  under 
him  on  the  Lower  Potomac.  And  when,  after  our  next  halt,  the 
rest  of  the  corps  marched  on  and  left  the  Second  still  resting,  it 
began  to  look  like  business.  Then  we  marched  back  to  Warrenton 
and  went  into  camp  close  by  General  Meade's  headquarters,  for 
guard  duty  at  which  a  detail  was  at  once  made  from  the  regiment. 
General  Marston  was  acting  under  the  following  authority  : 

Washington,  D.  C,  July  23,  1863. 
Maj.-Gen.  George  G.  Meade, 

A  riuy  of  the  Potomac  : 

General:  Brig.-Gen.  G.  Marston  has  been  assigned  by  the  Secretary  of  War  to  the 
command  of  Saint  Man's  District,  Maryland,  where  he  is  to  establish  a  camp  for  prisoners  of 
war.  You  will  assign  to  him  a  guard  of  about  300  men  from  New  Hampshire  regiments.  It  is 
reported  that  there  are  only  about  that  number  in  the  Second,  Fifth  and  Twelfth  New  Hamp- 
shire Volunteers.  If  more  convenient,  any  other  New  Hampshire  troops  may  be  taken.  It  is 
intended  to  return  these  troops  to  the  Army  of  the  Potomac  as  soon  as  they  can  be  filled  up 
with  draited  men  from  that  State. 

Any  prisoners  of  war  you  may  have  will  be  turned  over  to  General  Marston,  who  is  directed 

to  show  you  his  instructions. 

Very  respectfully,  &c, 



July  27.  Marston's  new  brigade  left  Warrenton  at  10  a.  m.  on 
a  train  of  flat  cars,  and  arrived  in  Alexandria  at  9  p.  m.  By  some 
accident  the  train  here  broke  apart,  and  the  rear  section,  on  which 
was  the  Second,  was  left  standing  at  the  depot.  After  waiting  until 
half-past  1 1  o'clock,  the  forsaken  troops  left  the  train  and  started 
to  march  to  Washington,  but  went  into  bivouac  for  the  rest  of  the 
night  about  half-way  between  Alexandria  and  Long  Bridge. 

July  28.  Marched  to  Washington  in  the  morning  and  took  up 
quarters  at  the  Soldiers'  Rest.  Received  our  company  property 
from  the  government  storehouses.  One  of  the  barracks  is  occupied 
by  the  rebel  prisoners  we  are  taking  along,  of  which  there  are 
about  three  hundred.  Among  the  number  is  an  Irishman  who 
formerly  lived  in  Manchester.  There  are  two  or  three  whose 
homes  are  right  here  in  Washington,  and  whose  friends  were 
permitted  to  bring  them  articles  which  they  will  need  in  their 
captivity.  One  female  enthusiast  abused  her  privilege  as  a  visitor 
by  bombastic   exhortations   to   one   of   the    prisoners    to  fight    the 



Yankees  to  the  death.  He  knew  she  was  making  an  ass  of  herself, 
and  looked  bored  and  humiliated. 

July  29.  Drew  clothing,  and  none  too  soon,  as  some  of  the 
men  were  getting  pretty  ragged.  Dress  parade  at  5  o'clock,  when 
an  order  was  read  breaking  a  sergeant  for  drunkenness.  Company 
clerks  are  busy  making^out  pay  rolls. 

July  30.  Companies  G  and  I  on  guard  over  rebel  prisoners. 
At  6  p.  m.  the  Second  and  Twelfth  Regiments,  with  the  prisoners, 
embarked  on  the  steamer  "John  Brooks,"  for  Point  Lookout.  The 
boat  proceeded  as  far  as  Budd's  Ferry,  where  it  anchored  for  the 
night.  The  Fifth  Regiment  was  left  at  Washington,  and  is  going  to 
New  Hampshire  to  recruit. 

Dana  S.  Jaquith,  Co,  A. 


JULY    31,     1863,    TO    APRIL     7,     1 864. POINT    LOOKOUT DEPOT     FOR 





T  nine  o'clock  on  the  morning  of  Friday,  July 
31st,  the  "John  Brooks"  was  at  the  Point 
Lookout  wharf,  and  before  night  the  prisoners 
and  their  guards  were  installed  in  comfortable 
camps,  with  A  tents  for  shelter.  Point  Lookout 
is  a  long,  low  spit  of  sand  at  the  mouth  of  the 
Potomac,  about  a  mile  in  length,  and  varying 
in  width  from  a  mere  point,  at  the  lighthouse, 
to  a  third  of  a  mile  at  its  northern  limit.  At 
the  latter  point  it  is  nearly  separated  from  the 
mainland  by  a  water  basin  several  acres  in 
extent,  fed  by  a  small  stream  from  the  country 
above,  and  flooded  at  every  tide  through  its 
outlet  on  the  river  side.  The  salubrious  sur- 
roundings had  led  to  the  establishment  here  of  the  Hammond 
General  Hospital,  which  was  located  near  the  southerly  end  of  the 
point,  and  had  accommodations  for  many  thousand  patients.  It 
was  also  an  excellent  location  for  a  prison  camp,  being  commanded 
at  all  points  by  the  gunboat  flotilla,  and  requiring  but  a  compara- 
tively small  force  as  a  prison  guard. 

The  camps  of  the  Second  and  Twelfth  were  pitched  by  the  river 
side,  well  up  toward  the  northerly  end  of  the  point,  with  the  prison 
camp  just  across  the  way,  on  the  Chesapeake  Bay  shore. 

At  dress  parade,  August  2,  General  Orders,  No.  1,  were  read 

2  00 


in  which  ( i )  General  Marston  assumed  command  of  the  District  of 
Saint  Mary's  ;  ( 2 )  routine  of  duty  for  the  troops  was  established ; 
(3)  detail  of  twenty  men  from  the  Second  and  Twelfth  to  serve  as 
mounted    scouts.      This    troop    of    improvised    cavalry    served    an 

important  purpose,  until  relieved 
by  a  detachment  of  regulars  in 
September,  in  patrolling  the  coun- 
try above,  apprehending  escaped 
prisoners  and  deserters,  and  ferret- 
ing out  the  smugglers,  with  whom 
the  lower  Potomac  had  been  a 
favorite  point  for  crossing  over 
into  Dixie  with  contraband  goods. 
Captain  J.  N.  Patterson  was 
appointed  provost  marshal  of  the 
^rthf'  district,   with    Captain  George    E. 

r^%j^*  Sides  as  commandant  of  the  prison 


The  men  enjoyed  to  the  utmost 
the  good  things  which  went  with 
Point  Lookout — the  bathing  and 
fishing  and  boating,  the  oysters 
and  the  crabs.  The  river  front  of 
the  Second's  camp  was  soon  lined 
with  a  fleet  of  dugouts  which  had 
been  gathered  in  from  up  the  river.  When  off  duty  the  men  were 
given  every  privilege  consistent  with  military  discipline ;  Marston 
knew  his  old  men,  and  they  were  at  liberty  to  roam  at  their  own 
sweet  will. 

Large  detachments  of  prisoners  began  to  arrive  almost  as  soon 
as  the  camp  was  established.  They  came  by  boatloads,  from  New 
York,  from  Baltimore,  from  Washington.  The  hundreds  at  first 
gathered  swelled  to  thousands,  and  as  the  prison  camp  expanded, 
more  and  more  guards  were  required,  until  half  of  Marston's  force 
were  on  duty  each  day,  the  men  often  standing  a  beat  twelve  hours 
out  of  the  twenty-four. 

Years  after  the  war,  stung  by  the  civilized  world's  condemnation 

William  W.  Wood,  Co.  I. 

Resides  at  Richford,  Vermont.  The 
above  picture  shows  him  as  a  booted  and 
spurred  wagon  master. 



of  the  atrocities  of  Andersonville  and  other  rebel  prison  pens,  some 
apologists  of  the  Lost  Cause  attempted  to  set  a  back  fire  by  alleging 
similar  abuses  at  Point  Lookout.  The  effort  fell  flat,  however, 
having  no  foundation  to  stand  upon.  The  arrangements  for  the 
reception  and  care  of  the  prisoners  at  Point  Lookout,  and  the 
administration  of  the  affairs  of  the  camp,  were  upon  as  humane  and 
liberal  lines  as  was  possible  for  the  control  of  large  bodies  of  men 
in  enforced  confinement.  The  prisoners  had  proper  and  sufficient 
shelter,  both  tents  and 
blankets.  They  had  the  same 
rations  as  their  guards,  and  far 
better  conveniences  for  cook- 
ing them,  and  there  was  a 
plentiful  supply  of  excellent 
drinking  water.  The  sanitary 
arrangements  of  their  camp 
were  perfect,  the  sinks  being 
upon  piles  out  over  the  waters 
of  Chesapeake  Bay.  When 
sick  they  received  as  good  care 
as  did  the  men  of  the  Second. 
Those  enterprising  fellows 
who  exercised  their  unques- 
tionable right  of  attempting  to 
get  away,  took  their  chances, 
and  had  no  reason  for  com- 
plaint if  disaster  overtook 
them.  Some  escaped,  more 
were  recaptured,  and  two  or 
three  were  drowned.  "  Why, 
d — n  'em,"  said  Marston  one  day,  when  a  party  of  runaways  was 
brought  in;  "they  won't  stay  and  let  us  treat  'em  well  when  we 
want  to."  Only  one  of  the  prisoners,  during  the  entire  period  of 
General  Marston's  administration,  lost  his  life  at  the  hands  of  the 
guards.  He  was  fatally  shot,  on  the  night  of  October  31st,  under 
circumstances  given  as  follows  in  the  Hammond  Gazette,  a  little 
camp  paper  published  on  the  point : 

Capt.  George  E.  Sides,  Co.  K. 

The  original  second  sergeant  of  Company  K. 
He  received  rapid  promotion,  and  his  selection 
by  ( ieneral  Marston  for  commandant  of  the  Point 
Lookout  prison  camp  was  a  high  tribute  to  his 
energy  and  executive  ability.  After  the  war,  he 
resided  many  years  in  California,  but  has  now 
returned  to  his  old  Portsmouth  home. 



"  On  Saturday  night  five  of  the  rebel  prisoners  at  the  camp 
attempted  to  break  the  bonds  of  confinement  by  escaping  from  the 
custody  of  the  guard,  but  the  attempt  proved  a  signal  failure,  and 
we  trust  will  be  a  warning  to  all  the  prisoners  who  may  have  a 
longing  desire  to  reach  Dixie  in  that  way.  The  facts  of  the  case  as 
near  as  we  can  learn  upon  reliable  authority  are  these  :  The  pris- 
oners succeeded,  previous  to  the  attempted  escape,  in  making  a 
subterraneous  passage  from  one  of  their  huts  to  the  outside  of  the 
fence  which  incloses  their  camp,  and  through  this  they  passed  to 
the  outside  of  the    inclosure,  thus   avoiding  a  collision   with   the 

guard  posted  on  the  walk 
attached  to  the  fence. 
After  escaping  thus  far, 
they  had  not  proceeded  but 
a  short  distance  when  they 
came  in  contact  with  a 
patrol  party  which  was  out 
for  the  occasion — for  it 
seems  that  the  authorities 
had  warning  that  such  an 
attempt  would  be  made — 
and  were  commanded  to 
halt,  which  they  refused  to 
do,  whereupon  several 
rounds  from  the  navy 
revolvers  of  the  patrol  were 
discharged  at  them,  severely 
wounding  two  of  the  party, 
and  causing  them  all  to 
surrender.  One  of  the  men 
was  so  severely  wounded 
that  he  is  not  expected  to  live.  The  affair  created  considerable 
excitement  on  the  point,  and  many  different  stories  were  afloat 
concerning  it,  but  the  above  version  is  from  a  reliable  source,  and 
we  presume  correct." 

Infractions  of  camp  discipline  and  defiance  of  authority — which 
it  was  inevitable  should  occasionally  crop  out  in  such  a  crowd — 

Sergt,  Alonzo  M,  Hannaford,  Co.  G. 

Severely  wounded  at  Gettysburg,  July  2,  1863. 
Present  residence,  Roodhouse,  111. 



were  punished,  of  course,  but 
never  by  unusual  or  excessive 
penalties.  Once,  when  details 
were  made  from  the  prisoners 
to  dig  wells  in  their  camp  and 
assist  in  the  erection  of  cook 
houses,  some  of  them  "struck." 
Thev  were  not  going  to  do  any 

work  for  the  United  States — not 
they  !  They  thought  better  of  it, 
however,  after  the  walking  dele- 
gates who  had  engineered  them 
into  the  scrape  were  strung  up  by 
the  wrists,  and  made  haste  to 
declare  the  strike  off.  This  was 
the  most  serious  revolt  during 
General  Marston's  command  of 
the  district.  All  in  all,  the  Rebs 
and  Yanks  got  along  very  well 
together  at  Point  Lookout. 
For  two  months  after  the  establishment  of  the  prison  camp,  it 
was  without  any  inclosure,  the  prisoners  being  restrained  only  by  a 
cordon  of  sentinels ;  but  early  in  September  a  substantial  board 
fence  was  erected,  inclosing  three  sides  of  a  tract  covering  twelve 
or  fifteen  acres.  The  water  front  was  left  open  until  about  the 
middle  of  October,  when  the  fence  was  extended  to  also  cover  that, 
although  the  prisoners  were  still  given  access  to  the  water  from 
sunrise  to  sunset.  This  fence  was  about  twelve  feet  high,  with  a 
platform  for  sentries  extending  around  the  outside,  about  nine  feet 

Lyman  M,  Aldrich,  Co,  I. 

Portraits  taken  at  the  time  of  his  enlist- 
ment and  in  1895.  He  was  severely  wounded 
at  Gettysburg.  Enlisted  (rom  Manchester, 
where  he  still  resides,  doing  a  large  business 
as  carpenter  and  builder. 

2  04 


from  the  ground.  The  main  entrance  to  the  camp,  at  the  south- 
west corner,  was  commanded  by  a  log  blockhouse  pierced  for 
musketry  and  mounting  two  howitzers.  A  second  camp,  much 
smaller  than  the  first,  was  established,  later,  exclusively  for  rebel 

The  prisoners  would  not  have  been  human,  and  but  very  poor 
specimen  Americans,  had  their  brains  not  been  actively  at  work 
devising  means  of  escape.     Not  one  in  fifty,   probably,]  of  these 

schemes  was  crowned  with 
success,  although  some,  for 
their  extreme  novelty  and 
daring,  certainly  deserved  to 
be.  The  most  extensive 
conspiracy  was  unearthed  in 
February,  1864.  A  large 
number  Of  men  were  in  it, 
and  great  preparations  had 
been  made.  But  "  a  little 
bird  whispered"  concerning 
the  intended  break,  and 
prompt  measures  were  taken 
to  prevent  it.  The  Second 
and  Twelfth  were  paraded 
under  arms,  and  the  prisoners 
having  been  turned  out  of 
their  quarters,  a  thorough 
examination  was  made  of 
every  tent.  Several  muskets 
were  discovered,  and  a  num- 
ber of  bunks  were  found  to  be  in  fact  quite  serviceable  boats,  with 
oarlocks  cut  in  their  sides,  and  tightly  calked  with  tallow  and  hard 
soap.  Oars  and  paddles  were  also  discovered.  The  only  reasonable 
hope  there  could  have  been  of  an  opportunity  to  use  these  must 
have  been  based  on  the  connivance  of  sentries  upon  the  water  front 
of  the  camp.  It  was  believed  at  the  time  that  there  was  a  conspir- 
acy to  overpower  the  guard  and  so  clear  the  way  for  a  general 
exodus.     Whatever  the  plans  of  the  prisoners  may  have  been,  it 

Thomas  M.  Lang,  Co.  B. 

Was  severely  wounded  at  the  battle  of  Oak 
Grove,  leading  to  his  discharge  for  disability.  He 
resides  in  Concord. 



was  their  good  fortune  more  than  anybody's  else  that  their  quixotic 
scheme  was  discovered  in  season  to  prevent  any  serious  attempt  to 
carry  it  out. 

Individual  enterprises  were  numerous,  some  attempting  to  tunnel 
out,  some  to  bribe  the  guards,  and  some  to  secrete  themselves 
while  outside  the  camp  for  wood  or  with  working  parties.  Two  of 
the  latter  class  were  observed  to  crawl  under  a  storehouse  one 
evening  when  their  party  was  returning  to  camp.  The  officer  of 
the  guard  quietly  posted  half  a 
dozen  men  near  by  with  instruc- 
tions to  give  the  concealed  fellows 
a  good  scare  when  they  came  out, 
but  not  to  hurt  them.  When,  after 
long  waiting,  the  heads  of  the  two 
adventurers  appeared,  cautiously 
reconnoitering  the  ground,  they 
were  greeted  with  an  unexpected 
and  hair-raising  volley,  which  did 
no  harm  except  to  fairly  paralyze 
them  with  fright. 

Applications  began  to  pour  in 
upon  the  provost  marshal  to  take 
the  oath  of  allegiance  and  go 
north.  This  was  not  surprising, 
considering  the  manner  in  which 
the  rebels  had  filled  up  their  ranks 
by  a  merciless  conscription,  sweep- 
ing in  many  who  had  but  little 
sympathy  with  the  Confederate  cause.  There  were  also  many  who 
wished  to  enlist  and  fight  for  the  Union.  Two  full  regiments  of 
"Galvanized  Yanks" — the  First  and  Second  United  States  Volun- 
teers— were  organized  from  these,  and  sent  to  fight  Indians  in  the 
West,  where  they  did  good  service  without  danger  of  being  cap- 
tured and  shot  as  deserters  by  their  former  associates.  Many  also 
enlisted  into  the  navy,  and  quite  a  little  detachment  were  received 
into  the  Second,  where,  without  exception,  they  made  a  record  as 
brave  and  true  soldiers  second  to  none. 

Sergt.  Joseph  B.  Read,  Co.  H, 

Was  wounded  at  Second  Bull  Run,  and 
severely  at  Gettysburg.  Appointed  cap- 
tain in  28th  U.  S.  C.  T.,  and  promoted  to 
major.     Now  resides  at  Stoneham,  Mass. 



The  Fifth  Regiment  arrived  from  New  Hampshire  on  the 
afternoon  of  November  13.  On  the  following  day  they  disem- 
barked, and  made  their  camp  on  the  Chesapeake  side  of  the  point, 
just  north  of  the  prison  camp.  The  regiment  had  been  recruited 
up,  very  largely  with  that  execrable  class  of  substitutes  known  as 
''bounty  jumpers."  A  big  proportion  of  these  were  only  awaiting 
an  opportunity  to  desert,  and  some  got  in  their  work  very  soon.  As 
early  as  the  17th,  the  following  entry  appears  in   the  writer's  diary  : 

"  Several  of  the  Fifth  Regi- 
ment's subs,  attempted  to  get 
away  today.  Two  boarded  a 
schooner,  and  gave  the  negro 
captain  fifty  dollars  to  take 
them  up  the  river.  A  gun- 
boat got  onto  the  racket  and 
gave  chase,  overhauling  and 
bringing  back  the  whole 
outfit.  Another  party  pad- 
dred  up  the  river  in  a  canoe. 
A  mounted  party  pursued  up 
the  beach,  but  they  landed  at 
a  point  outside  the  guards 
and  escaped  to  the  woods. 
To  prevent  these  attempts  in 
the  future,  the  small  boats 
from  which  we  have  derived 
so  much  pleasure  are  all  taken 
away.  Cuss  the  subs  !  " 
November  30th,  the  Second  received  its  first  dose  of  the  same 
material — one  hundred  and  seventy-five — and  on  the  19th  of 
December  another  installment  of  three  hundred  and  fifty  came 
along.  Quite  a  number  had  found  opportunities  to  desert  while 
en  route.  There  was  a  little  good  material  mixed  in  with  these 
recruits,  but  it  is  no  credit  to  New  Hampshire  that  she  turned  such 
a  mass  of  rubbish  loose  into  her  old  veteran  regiments.  The  old 
men  of  the  Second,  the  true  New  Hampshire  boys,  who  for  more 
than  two  years  had  faced  death  fearlessly  to  make  a  record  which 

Van  Buren  Glazier,  Co,  G. 

From  a  portrait  taken  just  prior  to  his  enlist- 
ment.    He  now  resides  at  Lisbon. 


should  be  the  pride  of  their  state  for  ages,  keenly  felt  the  change 
which  had  come.  For  them  the  "  Old  Second "  of  glorious 
memory  and  heroic  achievements  had  ceased  to  exist.  This  feeling 
was  a  serious  blow  to  the  veteranizing,  or  re-enlistment,  of  the  old 
men,  which  was  invited  about  this  time. 

In  spite  of  all  precautions,  a  number  of  these  rascals  got  away. 
December  3d,  a  party  made  off  with  a  boat  in  which  an  officer  had 
come  ashore  from  one  of  the  gunboats.  Later,  one  who  had  been 
made  a  corporal  rowed  away, 
sometime  between  sunset  and 
sunrise,  with  his  entire  squad 
posted  at   the  wharf. 

Contrabands  came  in  in  great 
numbers,  from  both  Maryland 
and  Virginia,  fleeing  to  Point 
Lookout  as  their  city  of  refuge. 
Some  took  great  risks  in  crossing 
from  the  Virginia  shore,  five  or 
six  miles  distant.  One  morning, 
in  one  of  the  wildest  gales  of  the 
season,  a  sturdy  young  black  man 
landed  with  his  wife  and  three 
little  children  from  a  little  dug- 
out canoe  barely  large  enough 
for  the  five  to  crowd  themselves 
into.  How  they  ever  got  across 
was  the  wonder  of  the  men.  On 
the  last  day  of  the  year,  seven  boats  came  across,  one  of  which  was 
loaded  with  thirty- two  men,  women  and  children,  to  say  nothing  of 
household  truck  and  furniture.  There  was  evidently  a  widespread 
determination  where  they  came  from  to  start  the  new  year  on  a 
sound  basis. 

The  institution  of  slavery  was  now  in  such  general  disrepute 
that  even  the  Marylanders  had  their  labor  for  their  pains  in 
attempting  to  recover  their  slaves  who  fled  to  the  point.  A  planter 
of  the  neighborhood,  named  Coan,  came  into  camp  and  complained 
that  about  forty  of  his  slaves  had  come  within  Marston's  lines.     He 

Charles  E.  Mclntire,  Co.  G, 

r  Resides  in  Lancaster,  where  he  has  been  a 
figure  in  public  affairs,  having  been  Register 
of  Deeds  for  Coos  County. 



asked  assistance  in  forcing  them  to  return  to  their  quarters  on  his 
plantation.  General  Marston  treated  him  courteously,  but  gave  him 
no  encouragement.  The  shrewd  negroes  had  left  the  plantation  in 
the  night,  crossed  to  the  Virginia  side,  and  come  into  camp  in  the 

Star  Spangled  Banner  Masonic  Lodge,  Point  Lookout. 
Drawn  by  J.    Warren   Thyng,  from  Sketch  by  Scrgt.   James  E.  Saunders. 

morning,  claiming  that  they  were  from  the  neighborhood  of 
Richmond.  One  of  his  old  hands  was  accosted  by  the  planter 
while  at  work  on  the  wharf  discharging  a  transport :  "Why,  Sam, 
how  came  you  here?"  "  'Scuse  me,  sar,  but  I  nebber  seed  you 
afo'.  I  's  from  Ole  V'ginny  ! "  The  planter  could  get  none  of  his 
former  slaves  to  recognize  him,  and  he  retired  discomfitted. 

The  negroes  were  not  the  only  refugees  from  Dixie.  August 
23d,  there  were  fifteen  white  men  under  guard  at  headquarters  who 
had  fled  to  escape  conscription  into  the  rebel  army.  They  would 
have  been  sent  north  upon  simply  taking  the  oath  of  allegiance ; 
but  some  of  them  refused  to  do  so,  and  were  accordingly  sent  back 
across  the  river  and  landed  on  the  soil  of  their  beloved  Dixie. 


January  12,  1864,  General  Marston  led  a  raiding  party  across 
the  river,  into  what  is  known  as  the  Northern  Neck,  under  the 
following  instructions  : 

Headqrs.  Dei't.  Virginia  and  North  Carolina, 

Fort  Monroe,  January  b,  1S64. 
Brig.  Gen.  ('..  Marston, 

Commanding  District  of  St.  Mary's. 

General:  Information  having  been  received  here  that  a  small  cavalry  force  of  the  enemy  is 
roaming  about  the  counties  of  Westmoreland,  Richmond,  Northumberland,  and  Lancaster,  Va., 
collecting  conscripts,  deserters,  horses,  mules,  neat  stock,  and  grain,  and  sending  the  same  to 
Richmond  and  the  rebel  army,  the  major  general  commanding  this  department  commands  that 
you  cross  the  Potomac  with  such  force  as  you  may  deem  necessary  and  as  can  be  spared  from 
other  service,  and  with  the  aid  of  the  gunboats  at  your  command  effect  a  landing  in  the  above- 
named  counties,  capture  or  disperse  any  hostile  force  you  may  find  there,  seize  and  fetch  away 
the  negroes,  live-stock,  tobacco,  and  grain  of  rebel  owners,  and  also  the  boats  used  in  carrying 
men  and  supplies  across  the  Rappahannock.  The  grain  and  boats  and  other  property  which 
you  cannot  fetch  away  you  are  authorized  to  destroy.  It  is  to  be  hoped  that  large  quantities  of 
wood  and  cattle  for  the  use  of  the  prisoners  may  be  thus  obtained. 
Respectfully  yours, 

R.  S.  DAVIS,  Assistant  Adjutant-General. 

Marston's  raiding  party  consisted  of  three  hundred  infantry — 
picked  men  from  the  Second  and  Twelfth — one  hundred  and  fifty 
cavalry,  and  a  section  of  a  Rhode  Island  battery.  The  expedition 
left  the  wharf  early  in  the  morning,  convoyed  by  gunboats,  landed 
on  the  Virginia  shore,  and  for  three  days  created  quite  a  commotion 
among  the  rebels,  of  whom  there  was  a  small  irregular  force  in  the 
neighborhood.  Considerable  property  of  value  to  the  enemy  was 
destroyed,  a  few  rebel  officers  and  soldiers  home  on  furlough  were 
captured,  and  some  live-stock  picked  up.  The  expedition  arrived 
back  at  the  point  on  the  afternoon  of  the  15  th,  having  lost  one  man 
accidentally  killed  and  about  a  dozen  missing.  The  rebel  report  of 
the  raid  was  as  follows  : 

Centre  Cross,  January  18,  1864. 

Sir:  The  enemy  made  a  raid  through  the  Northern  Neck,  landing  at  Kinsale,  Westmoreland 
county,  on  the  Potomac,  on  last  Tuesday  at  4  p.  m.  The  force  consisted  of  about  100  cavalry 
and  the  same  of  infantry,  and  passed  directly  through  the  county  of  Richmond  into  Lancaster 
and  Northumberland,  and  embarked  again  on  Thursday  from  a  wharf  on  the  Great  Wicomoco 
river,  Northumberland  county.  The  force  came  to  Point  Lookout  from  Norfolk  a  few  days 
previous.  They  are  increasing  their  force  there  (Point  Lookout),  I  think,  with  a  view  to  guard 
our  prisoners,  which  have  greatly  increased  at  that  point.  The  raid  was  a  very  small  one,  and 
I  think  indicates  nothing  of  importance.     No  other  movement  on  the  Potomac.     I  am,  &c, 


Major-<  Ieneral  Elzev.  Capt.  and  Asst.  Adjt.-Gen. 

It  was  on  this  expedition  that  one  of  the  officers  ran  up  against 
the  rugged  side  of  "the  old  man."     The  troops  were  embarking 

Henry  H.  Everett,  Co.  C. 


with  their  plunder  at  the  Wicomoco  wharf  when  the  officer  told 
Marston  he  had  captured  a  fine  blooded  horse,  which  he  asked  the 
general  to  accept  as  a  present.  Marston  looked  at  him  a  moment 
in  amazement,  then  thundered  out,  "  Who  asked  you  to  go  'round 
stealing  horses  for  me?     Turn  him  over  to  the  quartermaster." 

January  witnessed  a  great  "  building  boom  "  in  the  camp  of  the 
Second.  First,  Sibley  tents  were  furnished  to  take  the  place  of  the 
A  tents,  with  a  plentiful  supply  of  logs  cut  to  the  right  length  for 
stockading  to  a  height  of  five  or  six  feet.  The  setting  of  the 
stockades  and  the  pitching  of  the  new  tents,  was  a  tedious  job,  but 
there  was  full  compensation  in  the  increased  room  and  comfort. 

Then  a  pot  of  about  six  hundred  dollars  was  raised  by  good  old 
Chaplain  Adams  for  the  erection  of  a  chapel.  The  Twelfth  had 
built  one  at  a  cost  of  three  hundred  dollars,  and  the  Second  saw 
them  and  went  three  hundred  better.  It  would  be  interesting  to 
know  just  how  much  of  this  was  contributed  by  the  godless  subs, 
who  were  rolling  in  the  wealth  of  their  big  bounties,  and  ready  to 
chip  in  for  anything  from  a  jack-pot  to  a  chapel. 

About  this  time  a  hall  was  erected  for  the  Star  Spangled  Banner 
Lodge  of  Masons,  which  was  working  under  a  dispensation  from  the 
Grand  Lodge  of  New  Hampshire. 

On  the  23d  of  February  the  Thirty-sixth  U.  S.  Colored  Troops 
arrived   upon   the  point    to    assist    in    doing    guard    duty,  as    four 

Henry  H.  Everett  was  born  in  Wilmington,  N.  C,  November  6,  1841.     While  yet  a  child 
his  parents  returned  to  their  former  home  in  New  Hampshire,  locating  in  Manchester  in  1846. 

He  left  the  public  schools  at  thirteen  to  serve  an  apprentice- 

^Bk.  ship  on  the  Granite  Farmer  and   Visitor.     On  the  breaking 

^V  out  of  the  war  he  enlisted  in  the  Rifle  Rangers,  which  became 

\    Company  C   of  the   Second  Regiment.     His  superior  clerical 

"^      "*    y  '    abilities  led  to  his   appointment  as  regimental,  or  adjutant's, 

clerk,  in  which   position  he   proved  invaluable  to   successive 

adjutants.     Returning  to  Manchester  at  the  expiration  of  his 

three  years'  term  of  service,  he  again  engaged  at  his  trade,  for 

some  years  in   the   employ   of  C.  F.  Livingston.     In   1875  he 

purchased  an  interest  in  the  Saturday  Night  Dispatch,  which 

he  disposed  of  three  years  later,  and  in  company  with  Levi  L. 

Aldrich  started  the    Weekly  Times,  a  paper  especially  devoted 

to  the  interests  of  the  soldiers.     In  the  spring  of  1883  this  venture  came  to  an  end,  and   he 

entered  the  employ  of  the  Manchester    Union,  on  the  editorial  staff  of  which  he  served  until 

his  death.     Over  the  signature  "  The  Rambler"  he  conducted  a  department  which  will  stand  as 

his  literary  monument.     He  died  at  Manchester  March  24,  1895,  of  pneumonia,  after  an  illness 

of  only  a  week. 



Corpl.  Hiram  F.  Gerrish,  Co.  B. 

The  above  portrait  of  "  Hi.,"  as  wagon-mas- 
ter, is  from  a  tintype  taken  by  the  wayside 
during  the  Gettysburg  campaign.  He  was 
subsequently  promoted  to  a  lieutenancy  in  the 
Thirty-seventh  U.  S.  C.  T.,  and  served  as 
quartermaster  on  division  and  corps  staffs,  was 
promoted  to  be  Captain  and  A.  Q.  M.,  and 
rounded  out  his  military  career  as  brevet  major 
and  chief  quartermaster  of  the  District  of  North 
Eastern  Virginia.  He  resides  in  Concord,  and 
has  been  Deputy  State  Treasurer  for  many 

hundred  and  fifty  men  were 
to  leave  the  next  day  for  New 
Hampshire  on  furloughs  of 
twenty  days.  It  was  not  a 
mere  accidental  coincidence 
that  all  the  men  who  went 
were  legal  voters,  and  that 
their  furloughs  brought  them 
home  at  the  date  of  the  annual 
state  election. 

The  furloughed  men  were 
transported  to  Boston  on  the 
"Admiral  Dupont,"  formerly 
the  blockade-runner  "Tubal 
Cain,"  which  was  lost  at  sea 
in  the  summer  of  1865.  Re- 
turning, they  left  Boston  on 
the  15th  of  March,  upon  the 
steamer  "  Enid,"  arrived  at 
Fort  Monroe  on  the  morning 
of  March  18,  where  they  were 
transferred  to  the  steamer 
"Louisiana,"  which  landed 
them  at  Point  Lookout  about 

On  the  24th  of  March 
occurred  the  famous  snowball 
battle  between  the  Second  and 
Twelfth.  A  phenomenal  snow 
storm  had  piled  up  drifts  in 
some   places  five   or  six   feet 

deep.  Three  or  four  men 
from  each  regiment  got  to  pitching  snow  at  each  other  in  play ; 
others  joined  in,  and  in  a  little  while  a  battle  royal  was  on.  Tents 
were  wrecked,  bones  broken,  eyes  blacked,  and  teeth  knocked  out 
— all  in  fun.  As  a  truthful  historian,  we  cannot  deny  that  the 
Twelfth  had  some  reason  to  crow  over  general  results  ;  but  we  must 



claim  for  the  Second  the  credit  for  the  two  most  brilliant  plays  of 
the  game.  The  first  was  the  heroic  defence  of  the  regiment's 
garrison  flag  by  the  colonel's  gallant  little  wife,  who  sallied  forth 
with  a  broom  and  put  to  rout  a  force  of  the  enemy  who  had  reached 
the  flagstaff  and  were  about  to  lower  the  national  emblem.  Second 
only  to  this  sortie  was  the  destruction  of  the  Twelfth's  ammunition 
train  by  Adjutant  Cooper,  who  by  a  wild  charge,  ending  in  a  flying 
leap,  sat  down  on  a  wheelbarrow  load  of  nice  hard  snowballs  which 
had  been  brought  up  to  the  front,  and  wrecked  the  whole  outfit. 
He  was  taken  prisoner,  and  released  on  terms  known  only  to  him- 
self and  his  captors. 

On  the  4th  of  April  General  Marston  was  relieved  by  General 
Hinks,  having  been  assigned  to  command  of  the  First  Brigade,  First 
Division,  Eighteenth  Army  Corps.  Three  days  later  the  Second 
embarked  on  the  steamer  "  Escort,"  and  headed,  as  two  years 
before  from  the  same  point,  for  Yorktown. 

Major  Hiram  F.  Gerrish, 

CHAP  T  E  R     XI  V 

APRIL   8    TO    MAY    28,   1 864. BUTLER'S     CAMPAIGN    ON    THE    JAMES 







T  an  early  hour  on  the  morning  of  the  8th  of 
April  the  Second  landed  at  Yorktown,  marched 
up  through  the  little  town,  and  went  into 
camp  on  the  plain  outside  the  encircling 
fortifications.  The  post  was  under  command 
of  General  Wistar,  with  a  garrison  consisting 
of  the  One  Hundred  and  Forty-eighth  New 
York  and  a  brigade  of  colored  troops.  On 
the  nth  the  Twelfth  New  Hampshire  came 
down  from  Point  Lookout,  one  of  the  colored  regiments  being  sent 
up  to  take  their  place. 

The  regiment  was  hardly  in  camp  before  the  bounty  jumpers 
began  to  jump.  Within  three  days  over  a  hundred  men  deserted 
from  the  Second.  But  very  few  got  clear  away.  Some  made  their 
way  toward  the  rebel  lines,  but  the  greater  part  struck  down  the 
Peninsula  toward  Fort  Monroe,  and  were  gathered  in  like  rats  in 
a  bag.  At  Point  Lookout  they  had  been  reasonably  sure  of  escape 
if  they  could  but  once  get  outside  the  camp  limits  ;  but  here  the 
conditions  were  reversed — their  troubles  commenced  where  they 
had  formerly  ended.  The  old  men  cursed  each  successive  squad 
as  they  were  brought  in,  and  felt  more  homesick  than  ever. 

It  was  a  military  necessity  that  an  example  should  be  made  of 



some  of  these,  and  a  court  martial  was  convened  for  the  trial  of  the 

most  flagrant  cases.     John   Egin,  of  Company  A,  was  tried  on  the 

12th,  found  guilty,  and  sentenced  to  be  shot  to  death  between  the 

hours  of  5   and  6  p.  m.  on  the  13th.     Egin  was  picked  up  while 

making  his  way  toward  the  rebel  lines  by  a  Union  scout  in  rebel 

uniform.      Preparations  were  made  for  carrying  out  the  sentence. 

Th  e  Second  marched  to  the  place  selected 

fo  r  the  execution,  and  Egin  was  on  his  way 

when  a  reprieve  arrived  and  arrested  the 

proceedings.     Egin   threw  his   cap   in   the 

air     and    danced    for    joy.       He    probably 

thought  the  whole  affair  was  only  "a  bluff." 

Bu  t  his  reprieve  was  only  temporary.     On 

the   15th  he  rode  forth  again,  seated  upon 

his    coffin,   this   time    with    a    comrade    in 

misery  and  to  his  death.      His  companion 

was    from   Company    F,  and  had    enlisted 

under  the  name  of  Henry  Holt;   but  the 

night  before  his  death  he  divulged  that  his 

name  was  McGuire,  and  that  he  was  from 

Yorkshire,  England,  where  he  had  a  wife 

and  two  children. 

The  place  of  execution  was  about  a 
mile  below  the  fort,  upon  the  bluff  overlooking  the  river.  The 
regulation  formalities  and  arrangements  for  a  military  execution 
were  fully  observed.  The  condemned  men's  own  regiment  was 
drawn  up  in  line,  with  unloaded  muskets,  facing  the  spot  where  the 
deserters  were  to  die.  A  section  of  artillery  was  upon  the  left  of 
the  regiment,  trained  to  rake  it.  The  One  Hundred  and  Forty- 
eighth  New  York,  in  line  to  its  rear,  and  two  colored  regiments  on 
the  right,  all  with  loaded  muskets,  hedged  the  Second  round  about. 
No  words  can  tell  how  keenly  the  proud  old  men  of  the  proud  old 
Second  felt  the  disgrace  of  the  position. 

The  condemned  men  rode  to  the  spot  seated  upon  their  coffins, 
and  accompanied  by  a  priest.  The  carts  stopped  directly  in  front 
of  the  Second,  where  the  men  alighted,  and  their  coffins  were 
placed  upon  the  ground,  end  to  end,  a  few  rods  from  the  edge  of 

Capt,  Hugh  R,  Richardson,  Co.  C. 

Familiarly  known  as  "Ren- 
nie."  Was  the  first  volunteer 
from  Coos  County,  enlisting 
from  Lancaster,  and  was  mus- 
tered in  as  a  sergeant  of  Co.  F. 
Was  severely  wounded  at  Get- 
tysburg. Has  for  many  years 
made  his  home  at  Littleton. 



the  river  bluff.  The  provost  marshal  read  the  findings  of  the  court 
and  the  sentence,  when  the  firing  party  of  twelve  men  advanced 
and  took  position  a  few  feet  in  front  of  the  coffins.  The  prisoners 
removed  their  coats,  and  knelt  upon  the  grass  while  the  priest  per- 
formed the  holy  offices  of  the  church.  Arising,  they  shook  hands 
with  the  provost  marshal  and  the  priest.  Their  eyes  were  bandaged 
and  their  wrists  tied  with  white  handkerchiefs.    Then  they  were  led 

to  and  seated  upon  their 
coffins,  facing  the  execu- 
tioners. The  marshal 
raised  his  hand,  and  his 
men  brought  their  pieces 
to  a  "ready  ;"  again,  and 
the  guns  sprang  to  the 
shoulder ;  a  third  time, 
and  the  volley  rang  out. 
Two  or  three  bullets  were 
heard  singing  out  over  the 
river,  and  Egin  and  Holt 
fell  back  across  their  cof- 
fins. After  a  short  time 
the  bodies  were  examined 
by  surgeons,  who  declared 
life  extinct,  when  all  the 
troops  were  filed  past  the 
bodies  and  back  to  their 

Corpl.  John  J.  Moore,  Co.  G, 

Present  residence,  Meadvtrle,  Pa.     [See  page  156.] 


But  vengeance  was 
not  yet  satisfied.  James  Scott,  of  Company  G,  and  Owen  Mc- 
Donald, of  Company^  K,  had  been  picked  up  by  the  gunboat 
"  Mystic,"  while  paddling  up  Chesapeake  Bay  in  a  small  boat, 
outside  the  Union  lines.  From  memoranda  found  on  their  persons 
relative  to  the  military  preparations  at  Yorktown,  it  appeared  that 
they  were  prepared  to  furnish  valuable  information  to  the  enemy. 
They  were  tried  for  desertion,  found  guilty,  and  paid  the  penalty 
upon  the  plain  in  front  of  Fort  Magruder,  at  Williamsburg,  on  the 
29th  of  April. 



These  drastic  measures  had  a  most  salutary  effect,  the  desertions 
by  wholesale  being  immediately  checked.  Fred  Phisterer,  sometime 
Adjutant  General  of  New  York,  states  in  his  statistical  record  that 
twelve  men  who  were  soldiers  were  executed  by  sentence  of  court 
martial  during  the  war.  If  his  figures  are  correct,  the  Second 
Regiment  certainly  furnished 
an  undue  proportion  of  this 
disgraceful  roll. 

Butler's  Army  of  the  James 
was  now  assembling  at  York- 
town  and  Gloucester.  It  was 
to  comprise  two  Army  Corps 
— the  Eighteenth,  commanded 
by  General  William  F.  (Baldy) 
Smith,  and  General  Gillmore's 
Tenth  Corps,  the  latter  coming 
up  from  South  Carolina  on 
transports.  This  gave  Butler 
an  effective  force  of  over  thirty 
thousand  men,  with  which  he 
was  to  move  against  Richmond 
from  the  south  simultaneous 
with  the  advance  of  the  Army 
of  the  Potomac  across  the 
Rapidan.  Butler,  by  assem- 
bling his  army  on  the  banks  of  the  York,  and  by  sending  a  brigade 
to  West  Point,  at  the  head  of  that  river,  to  begin  the  construction 
of  wharves,  completely  misled  the  rebels  as  to  his  intentions.  They 
believed  he  would  follow  McClellan's  route  of  1862,  and  made  their 
arrangements  accordingly.  But  his  plan  was,  by  a  sudden  move- 
ment up  the  James,  on  transports,  to  land  his  army  on  the  south 
side  of  that  river,  as  near  Richmond  as  possible,  and  destroy  the 
rebel  communications  south  before  they  could  organize  an  effective 

The  Eighteenth  Corps  comprised  three  divisions,  General 
Brooks  commanding  the  First,  and  General  Weitzel  the  Second. 
The  Third  Division  was  composed  of  two  small  brigades  of  colored 

Albert  F.  Baxter,  Co.  G. 



troops,  under  General  Hinks.  The  Second  Regiment  was  assigned 
to  the  Second  Brigade  of  the  Second  Division,  commanded  by 
General  Wistar,  and  consisting  of  the  Eleventh  Connecticut,  Second 
and  Twelfth  New  Hampshire,  and  One  Hundred  and  Forty-eighth 
New  York. 

On  the  2 2d  of  April  the  brigade  moved  to  Williamsburg,  near 
which  city  it  remained  in  camp  until  the  4th  of  May,  on  the  after- 
noon of  which  day  it  marched  over  to  Grove  Landing,  on  the 
James,  and  embarked  on  steamboats  from  an  old  wharf  which  had 
been  newly  planked  for  the  occasion.     The  boats  anchored  in  the 

stream  until  morning,  when,  with  the 
first  rays  of  the  sun,  the  great  fleet 
carrying  the  Army  of  the  James  came 
steaming  up  the  river,  having  passed 
during  the  night  from  the  York 
around  into  the  James.  There  were 
about  fifty  transports  loaded  with 
troops,  with  a  squadron  of  war  vessels 
comprising  four  monitors,  the  rebel- 
built  ironclad  "Atlanta,"  and  ten 
gunboats.  In  this  majestic  procession 
the  boats  bearing  Wistar's  brigade 
took  their  position. 

The  afternoon  was  well  advanced 
when  the  fleet  approached  the  mouth 
of  the  Appomattox.  Troops  from  the 
colored  division  were  landed  at  Wil- 
son's Landing  and  Fort  Powhatan  and  occupied  those  important 
positions,  and  the  remainder  of  Hinks'  division  disembarked  at 
City  Point  without  opposition.  The  white  troops  were  landed  at 
Bermuda  Hundred,  just  across  the  mouth  of  the  Appomattox  from 
City  Point,  and  went  into  camp  near  the  landing. 

The  movement  had,  thus  far,  been  a  complete  surprise  to  the 
rebels.  With  a  large,  well-officered  and  finely-disciplined  army, 
Butler  had  leaped  to  within  fifteen  miles  of  Richmond  and  eight 
miles  of  Petersburg.  In  the  light  of  our  present  knowledge  it 
seems  certain   that  he  could,  by  a  rapid  advance,   have  captured 

Michael  C.  Minor,  Co,  I. 
Resides  at  Cambridgeborough,  Pa. 



Nathaniel  W.  Adams,  Co,  B, 

Petersburg  almost  without  a  struggle, 
and  it  is  (mite  probable  that  Richmond 
could  have  been  taken  as  well.  The 
greatest  consternation  prevailed  in  the 
rebel  capital.  Pickett  had  but  about 
six  hundred  men  at  Petersburg  on  the 
morning  of  the  6th,  and  there  were  but 
very  few  troops  in  Richmond.  But  the 
rebel  weakness  was  not  known  to  But- 
ler, and  he  moved  with  a  caution  which 
lost  him  the  golden  opportunity.  Before 
Petersburg  or  Richmond  were  seriously 

threatened,  General 
gathered  from  the 
with  which  to  meet 

On  the  morning 
on  the  north  side 
advanced —  the 
along  the  Port 
the  river,  and  the 
farther  north.  The 
were  full  of  the 
is  a  commander's 
work  by  his  troops, 
appreciation  of  the  rebel  dilemma  was 
not  clouded  by  the  heavy  responsibility 
which  rested  on  their  leaders.  They 
expected  that  before  another  morning 
they  would  be  charging  over  the  para- 
pets of  Fort  Darling,  and  the  next  day, 
perhaps,  into  Richmond. 

The  body  of  the  army,  however, 
advanced  only  about  three  miles,  to  the 
neck  of  the  Bermuda  Hundred  penin- 
sula.    Here   the  distance  from  rivet  to 


Orrin  Brock,  Co,  E. 
Pheir    intuitive 


Carolinas  a  force 
Butler    on    equal 

of  the  6th  the  troops 
of  the  Appomattox 
Eighteenth  Corps 
Walthal  road,  near 
Tenth  upon  roads 
men  in  the  ranks 
enthusiasm  which 
guaranty    of    good 

John  Eaton,  Co.  E, 

Note.     The  plates  used  in  this  page  are  from  H.  L.  Robinson's  "  Pittsfield,  N.  H.,  in  the 
Great  Rebellion." 



river  was  only  about  two  miles,  and  the  work  of  fortifying  was  at 
once  commenced.  With  the  gunboats  patrolling  both  rivers,  and 
the  fortified  line  completing  the  inclosure,  Butler  had  an  almost 
impregnable  base  of  operations. 

About  4  o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  Heckman's  brigade  of 
Weitzel's  division,  with  a  battery,  was  thrown  forward  to  make  a 
reconnoissance  toward  the  Petersburg  and  Richmond  railroad. 
They  had  nearly  reached  Port  Walthal  Junction  (where  a  short  spur 

road  from  Port  Walthal,  the  head 
of  navigation  on  the  Appomattox, 
connects  with  the  main  line),  when 
they  encountered  a  rebel  force  and 
engaged  in  a  sharp  skirmish  which 
cost  them  sixty  men.  The  rebels 
were  the  first  arrival  of  Beaure- 
gard's hurrying  reinforcements — a 
portion  of  Hagood's  brigade,  from 
North  Carolina.  Heckman  sent 
for  reinforcements,  but  instead 
came  an  order  to  retire,  and  at  7 
o'clock  he  retraced  his  steps  and 
rejoined  the  division. 

The  next  day  (7th)  a  heavier 
demonstration  was  made.  General 
Brooks  advanced  to  Port  Walthal 
Junction  with  three  brigades  from 
the  Tenth  Corps  and  one  from  the 
Eighteenth.  More  of  Beauregard's 
troops  had  arrived,  and  Brooks  had 
some  lively  fighting,  with  a  loss  of  three  hundred  men.  He  did 
some  damage  to  the  railroad,  and  retired  at  night.  During  this 
day  the  Second  Regiment  were  engaged  in  tearing  down  a  house 
near  their  camp,  preparatory  to  the  building  of  a  redoubt.  In  the 
evening  the  waving  torch  of  a  rebel  signal  station  was  observed  just 
across  the  Appomattox  from  the  position  of  the  Second.  Two 
rifled  guns  were  brought  up,  whose  practice  was  so  good  that  the 
rebel  lights  were  shortly  extinguished. 

Corpl.  Michael  McManus,  Co.  A, 

Was  from  Fitzwilliam.  Wounded  at 
Gettysburg.  He  died  many  years  since, 
and  is  buried  at  Fitchburg,  Mass. 



Sunday,  the  8th,  there 
was  no  demonstration  to  the 
front,  but  the  army  was 
busily  engaged  in  fortifying. 
The  position  of  the  Eight- 
eenth Corps  was  on  a  plateau 
of  considerable  elevation, 
from  which  there  was  an 
extended  view  up  the  Appo- 
mattox, which  here  makes  a 
sharp  bend  to  the  south, 
toward  Petersburg.  The 
spires  of  the  city,  about  five 
miles  distant,  could  be  seen 
across  the  succession  of  low 
islands  which  for  much  of 
the  distance  divide  the  river 
into  many  channels. 

On  the  morning  of  the 
9th  the  third  advance  was 
made  against  the  railroad, 
by  the  entire  force  north  of 
the  Appomattox.  Reaching  the  road  at  Port  Walthal  Junction 
without  opposition,  the  Tenth  Corps  commenced  its  destruction 
north  of  that  point,  while  the  Eighteenth  swept  south,  toward 
Petersburg  ;  Brooks'  division  following  the  railroad,  and  WeitzeFs 
the  Petersburg  and  Richmond  pike,  a  short  distance  to  the  right 
(or  west)  of,  and  parallel  with,  the  railroad. 

Heckman's  brigade  led  the  advance  along  the  pike,  with  Wis- 
tar's  closely  following.  The  column  had  advanced  about  a  mile, 
when,  at  Arrowfield  Church — just  beyond  which  the  road  crosses 
Swift  Creek,  an  affluent  of  the  Appomattox — the  enemy  was  found 
in  position  with  infantry  and  artillery.  Heckman's  brigade  at  once 
deployed  in  line  across  the  pike,  making  connection  with  Brooks' 
division  on  the  left.  Wistar's  brigade  moved  up  on  Heckman's 
right,  and  the  skirmishers  were  withdrawn  preparatory  to  an  attack 
on  the  enemy's  position.     But  the  rebels  could  not  wait.     As  the 

George  W.  Pickup,  Co.  C, 

Now  a  prosperous  manufacturer  of  tin,  copper, 
brass  and  sheet-iron'  work,  at  Worcester,  Mass. 
The  above  portrait  is  from  a  picture  taken  shortly 
after  the  war. 



skirmishers  fell  back,  Hagood's  brigade  of  five  regiments  dashed 
upon  Heckman  with  the  shrill  rebel  yell,  but  were  stubbornly  met 
and  speedily  whirled  back  in  confusion  upon   their  reserve    of  three 

Tennessee    regiments,  posted 
just  north  of  the  bridge. 

As  Weitzel  approached 
Swift  Creek  his  line  came  un- 
der the  fire  of  artillery  posted 
in  a  field  work  on  the  opposite 
side.  A  section  of  Follett's 
battery  was  brought  up  to 
engage  these  guns,  but  was 
worsted  and  forced  to  retire. 
There  was  considerable  desul- 
tory firing,  continuing  until 
after  dark,  and  W  e i tz e  1 '  s 
troops,  after  throwing  out  a 
heavy  picket  line,  went  into 
bivouac  for  the  night  in  the 
positions  they  then  held. 

The  Second  Regiment  had 
six  men  wounded  in  this  little 
battle  of  Swift  Creek,  among 
the  number  being  Lieutenants 
Lord  and  Swain.  It  was  also 
reported  at  the  time,  and  re- 

Quartermaster  Charles  H.  Shute. 

Entered  the  service  from  Concord  as  a  corporal 
of  Company  P>.  On  being  mustered  out  he  went 
to  New  Orleans,  where  he  held  important  posi- 
tions in  customs  and  internal  revenue  services, 
and  for  nearly  four  years  was  Cashier  and  Acting 
Asst.  U.  S.  Treasurer.  Resigned  in  1873  to  ac- 
cept position  as  Payer  in  New  Orleans  National 
Bank,  which  he  still  holds.  He  is  prominent  in 
educational  and  charitable  movements.  Was 
elected  Junior  Vice  Commander-in-Chief  of  the  G. 
A.  R.  in  1894. 

corded  not  only  in  the  author's 
diary,  but  in  one  other  which  he  has  examined,  that  one  man  was 
killed  in  the  Second ;  but  the  official  records  do  not  now  designate 
any  such  casualty.  Perhaps  the  poor  fellow  buried  in  the  fence 
corner  belonged  to  some  other  regiment. 

The  following  day  (ioth)  the  army  returned  to  the  Bermuda 
Hundred  lines.  It  had  destroyed  about  six  miles  of  railroad,  and 
Butler  telegraphed  the  Secretary  of  War :  "  Lieutenant-General 
Grant  will  not  be  troubled  with  any  further  reinforcements  to  Lee 
from  Beauregard's  forces." 

On  the   1 2  th  General  Kautz  started  out  with  two  brigades  of 



cavalry  to  cut  the  Danville  railroad,  and  at  the  same  time  Butler 
moved  north,  toward  Drewry's  Bluff,  with  Weitzel's  and  Brooks' 
divisions  of  the  Eighteenth  Corps  and  Terry's  and  Turner's  of  the 
Tenth — in  all  about  twenty  thousand  men.  Butler  encountered  a 
cloud  of  rebel  skirmishers,  covering  his  entire  front,  almost  as  soon 
as  he  was  clear  of  his  works.  These  were  pushed  back,  slowly  but 
steadily,  and  by  night  the  army  had  advanced  three  miles — half  the 
distance  to  Drewry's  Bluff — and  went  into  bivouac  on  the  south 
side  of  Proctor's  Creek. 

Early  on  the  morning  of  the  13th  the  advance  was  continued, 
up  the  turnpike,  until  portions  of  Weitzel's  skirmish  line  came  in 
sight  of  the  outer  defences  of  Fort  Darling,  which  were  seen  to  be 
too  strong  for  a  direct  assault  if  fully  manned.  But  Gillmore, 
by  a  circuitous  route  to  the  left,  turned  the  outer  line  and  occupied 
its  extreme  left,  nearly  two  miles 
from  the  turnpike.  Gillmore' s 
success  led  to  the  abandonment 
of  the  rest  of  that  line  by  the 
rebels  ;  and  when,  the  next 
morning,  the  Eighteenth  Corps 
advanced — Brooks  upon  the  left 
of  the  road,  and  Weitzel  on  the 
right — it  met  with  no  opposition 
except  from  skirmishers,  the 
enemy  having  retired  into  his 
second,  or  intermediate,  line  of 

The  prominent  feature  of  this 
intermediate  line  was  a  bastion 
salient  of  great  strength,  called 
Fort  Stevens,  upon  an  eminence  immediately  in  front  of  Weitzel. 
It  was  also  seen  that  the  first  line  was  really  a  great  arm,  or  prong, 
of  the  second,  with  which  it  connected  at  a  point  near  the  fort. 
The  enemy  opened  a  heavy  fire  of  artillery  from  Fort  Stevens, 
which  was  kept  up  until  Weitzel's  skirmishers,  advancing  under 
cover  of  stumps  and  two  or  three  log  huts,  reached  a  position  from 
which  they  could  command  the  embrasures  with  their  rifles.     The 

Corpl.  William  H,  Piper,  Co.  F. 
Resides  at  Laconia. 



proper  connections  of  brigades  and  divisions  were  made,  and  the 
line  established  about  six  hundred  yards  from  the  rebel  works,  with 

the  picket  line  well  advanced. 
There  were  plenty  of  logs  for 
breastworks,  which  the  troops  set 
about  constructing. 

A  general  attack  had  been 
ordered  for  the  morning  of  the 
15  th,  but  was  abandoned  as  too 
hazardous,  and  probably  wisely, 
as  Beauregard,  who  was  present 
in  person,  had  ten  brigades  then 
assembled  behind  his  fortifica- 
tions. The  day  was  spent  by 
Weitzel's  troops  in  perfecting 
their  breastworks,  and  the  most 
judicious  part  of  their  labor  was 
the  setting  of  the  same  trap  that 
had  worked  so  beautifully  in  the 
defence  of  Fort  Sanders,  at  Knox- 
ville.  It  possibly  saved  Butler's 
army  from  a  disaster.  From 
stump  to  stump  in  front  of  the  breastworks,  telegraph  wires  were 
strung  at  the  right  height  to  trip  a  charging  force.  The  whole  of 
Weitzel's  front,  with  the  exception  of  a  portion  of  Heckman's  brig- 
ade uncovered  by  extending  his  line  to  the  right,  was  so  protected, 
and  it  was  of  more  service  than  a  thousand  muskets  in  the  "fog 
fight"  of  the  following  morning.  There  was  a  lively  picket  fight 
going  on  all  day,  and  the  Second  had  one  man  killed — John  Mc- 
Evay,  of  Company  E. 

On  the  morning  of  the  16th,  Beauregard  boldly  assumed  the 
offensive.  The  formation  of  Weitzel's  division  at  the  time  of  the 
attack  was  as  follows  : 

Samuel  H.  Oliver,  Co,  I, 

Now    a   locomotive    engineer,   residing  at 
Athol,  Mass. 




_,.,  ,  ^ 



























N.  J. 

Cavalry  Vedettes. 



The  three  center  regiments  had  been  sent  to  Weitzel  from  other 
divisions  to  enable  him  to  extend  his  line  to  the  right  so  as  to  cover 
the  river  road — the  direct  route  to  Bermuda  Hundred — and  were 
under  Heckman's  immediate  command.  The  vedettes  were  one 
hundred  and  fifty  negro  cavalry,  spread  over  a  distance  of  three- 
fourths  of  a  mile,  from  Heckman's  right  to  the  James.  This  was 
the  weak  point  of  Butler's  position.  Between  the  cavalry  and  the 
rebel  works  was  an  open  coun- 
try very  favorable  for  the 
formation  and  rapid  movement 
of  large  bodies  of  troops. 

In  Beauregard's  plan,  the 
first  blow  was  to  fall  upon 
Weitzel,  to  turn  Butler's  right 
and  double  it  back  upon  his 
center,  giving  the  rebels  con- 
trol of  both  the  river  road  and 
turnpike,  and  effecting  the 
capture  or  dispersal  of  Butler's 
force.  Under  cover  of  the 
night  Ransom  marched  his  di- 
vision of  four  brigades  out 
from  Fort  Stevens  and  placed 
it  in  position  for  an  attack  on 
Weitzel  at  daybreak.  If,  as 
(lenerals  Smith  and  Weitzel 
both  state,  they  had  no  infor- 
mation that  night  of  the  rebel 
movements,  they  were  not  as  well  posted  as  the  men  behind  the 
breastworks,  who  were  not  surprised  when  the  attack  came.  It  was 
in  the  air,  doubtless  by  touch  with  the  picket  line,  that  something 
unusual  was  going  on  inside  the  rebel  lines. 

Just  before  daybreak  a  fog  came  rolling  up  from  the  Tames,  of 
such  exceeding  opacity  that  objects  could  be  seen  through  it  at  a 
distance  of  only  a  very  few  yards.  About  five  o'clock  there  was  a 
scattering  fire  at  the  front,  and  the  pickets  came  straggling  back 
over  the  breastwork  with  the  cheerful  intelligence  that  "The 

Daniel  W.  Newell,  Principal  Musician, 

Enlisted,  from  Manchester,  as  a  musician  in 
Company  I,  and  was  promoted  to  principal 
musician.  He  now  resides  at  West  Medway, 
Mass.,  and  is  prominent  in  various  Veteran 



Johnnies  are  coming  !  "  The  troops  at  once  lined  the  breastworks, 
all  ready  to  receive  company.  A  rattling  volley  was  heard,  away  to 
the  right — then  another — and  another.  Soon,  through  the  fog 
screen,  on  the  front  of  the  Second,  the  rebel  yell  was  heard,  and  a 
charging  line  burst  into  view.  The  Second  pressed  the  triggers, 
and  the  network  of  wires  did  the  rest.     It  broke  up  the  procession. 

The     terrible     tragedy    which 



was  being  enacted  was  not 
without  its  humorous  features, 
when  those  deadly  wires  got 
in  their  work.  The  dead,  the 
wounded,  and  the  uninjured, 
were  piled  up  together,  litter- 
ing the  ground  as  far  out  as 
the  eye  could  penetrate  the 
fog  in  front  of  the  breast- 
works. Those  who  got  upon 
their  feet  and  attempted  to  go 
back  were  shot  down  without 
mercy.  Reinforcements  were 
brought  up  by  the  rebels,  but 
there  was  no  further  attempt 
at  a  rush — one  dose  of  that 
was  enough.  But  they  held  a 
position  well  up,  and  main- 
tained a  sharp  fire. 

The  living  rebels  lying 
between  the  two  lines  of  fire  were  in  a  trying  position,  and  the 
surest  harbor  of  refuge  was  with  the  Yankees  behind  the  breast- 
works. Charles  H.  Eastman,  of  Company  F,  tells  how  while  he 
and  Levi  Witham,  with  their  cartridges  arranged  on  a  little  shelf 
between  the  logs,  were  "  giving  the  Johnnies  the  best  there  was  in 
the  shop,"  one  of  them  came  tumbling  over  the  breastwork,  crying, 
"My  God,  boys,  what  are  you  doing?" 

Lieutenants  James  E.  Saunders  and  Thomas  Lees  coveted  a 
rebel  flag  which  seemed  to  be  rooted  to  a  stump  out  at  the  front, 
and  forming  a  charging  column  of  two,  they  plunged  outside  the 

John  H.  Whicher,  Co.  E. 

Wounded  at  Williamsburg,  and  discharged 
on  account  of  wounds  in  September,  1863.  He 
was  from  Hopkinton.  Present  residence,  West 
Somerville,  Mass. 



barricade  to  gather  it  in. 
But  before  they  reached  the 
spot  it  had  disappeared,  and 
was  well  hid  among  the  men 
who  covered  the  ground. 
But,  determined  not  to  return 
empty-handed,  the  lieutenants 
poked  up  about  twenty  from 
the  prostrate  crowd  and 
rushed  them  back  into  the 
Second  as  prisoners. 

The  prisoners  taken  by 
the  Second  were  Virginians — 
probably  from  Kemper's  brig- 
ade. For  some  reason  the 
losses  of  this  brigade  are  not 
included  in  Beauregard's  tab- 
ulated statement  of  casualties, 
although  known  to  be  very 
heavy.  In  front  of  the  Sec- 
ond Regiment  the  rebel  loss 

Capt.  James  H.  Piatt,  Co.  E. 

Killed  at  Drewry's  Bluff,  May  16,  1864.  The 
original  first  lieutenant  of  Company  C.  His  body 
was  sent  home  undercharge  of  Henry  H.  Everett, 
and  is  buried  in  the  Valley  Cemetery  at  Manches- 

was  enormous.  As  the  fog 
gradually  lifted,  disclosing  more  and  more  the  ghastly  work  at  the 
front,  the  ground  was  seen  to  be  thickly  strewn  with  the  men  in 
gray  for  a  long  distance  out. 

The  Second's  loss  was,  proportionately,  very  small — four  killed 
and  fourteen  wounded  (one  mortally).  Among  the  killed  was 
Captain  James  H.  Piatt,  of  Company  E,  whose  brain  was  pierced 
by  a  bullet  as  he  was  directing  the  attention  of  Lieutenant  Lord  to 
the  terrible  execution  among  the  rebels.  Charles  O.  Gould,  of 
Company  B,  James  Gaylor,  of  D,  and  Frederick  Cove,  of  E,  were 
killed,  and  Peter  Daley,  of  F,  mortally  wounded. 

But  while  this  most  successful  fight  was  going  on,  Heckman  had 
not  fared  as  well  upon  the  right.  Gracie's  Alabama  brigade  passed 
around  his  right  and  assailed  him  both  in  flank  and  rear.  After  a 
hard  fight  Heckman's  right  was  crushed  and  several  hundred  men 
captured,    including    Heckman    himself.       But   at   length    Grade, 



blindfolded  by  the  fog,  groped  his  way  up  against  the  Ninth  Maine 
and  One  Hundred  and  Twelfth  New  York,  which  had  been  sent 
over  from  the  Tenth  Corps,  and  was  so  warmly  received  that  Ran- 
som, the  division  commander,  ordered  a  halt  and  sent  to  Beauregard 

for  reinforcements.     He  appears 

to  have  been  unnerved  by  his 
heavy  losses  and  the  uncer- 
tainties as  to  his  front.  He 
was  relieved  from  his  command 
the  following  day  by  Beaure- 

The  fight  had  gradually 
extended  to  the  left,  involving 
Brooks'  division  and  the  Tenth 
Corps.  At  about  10  o'clock 
orders  were  given  for  the 
retirement  of  the  whole  army. 
Weitzel's  division  was  not 
pressed  at  all  by  the  enemy  in 
executing  this  movement.  A 
quarter  of  a  mile  to  the  rear 
of  the  battlefield,  Brooks' 
division  was  formed  in  line 
across  the  turnpike,  while 
Weitzel,  moving  to  the  right, 
similarly  covered  the  river 
road.  At  about  3  o'clock  in 
the  afternoon  the  Second,  with 
one  or  two  other  regiments,  were  sent  forward  across  the  fields, 
toward  the  woods  where  Heckman  had  fought.  The  purpose  was 
to  recover  the  wounded,  if  practicable.  But  as  the  regiments 
approached  the  woods  a  rebel  battle  line  was  developed,  and  the 
force  returned  with  no  loss  except,  perhaps,  a  few  wounded. 

Late  in  the  afternoon  the  army  retired  down  the  two  roads,  and 
before  morning  was  again  behind  the  Bermuda  Hundred  intrench- 
ments.  In  the  morning  Beauregard  appeared  and  commenced 
intrenching  on  Gillmore's  front.  On  the  19th  and  20th  the  rebels 
made    serious    attempts    upon    the    Tenth    Corps  lines,    but    were 

Charles  H.  Danforth,  Co.  B. 

One  of  the  '62  recruits,  enlisting  from  Concord 
and  serving  until  after  Lee's  surrender.  He  now 
resides  at  Contoocookville. 



repulsed.  The  Army  of  the  James  was,  however,  "bottled  up," 
and  any  further  advance  by  it  toward  Richmond  rendered  well-nigh 
impossible.  The  Eighteenth  Corps  was  not  disturbed,  as  was  the 
Tenth,  by  rebel  demonstrations,  the  ground  upon  its  front  being  of 
such  a  character  as  to  prevent  any  close  approach  of  the  enemy  in 
force  except  under  great  disadvantages.  A  portion  of  its  front  was 
commanded  by  gunboats  on  the  Appomattox,  and  the  rest  was 
covered  by  almost  impassable  ravines.  The  camp  of  the  Second 
Regiment  was  near  Point  of 
Rocks,  immediately  behind  the 
intrenchments,  in  a  beautiful 
grove  just  to  the  left  of  the  road 
leading  down  to  Port  Walthal, 
on  the  river  flats  below. 

During  these  operations  by 
the  Army  of  the  James,  the 
Army  of  the  Potomac  had  been 
fighting  its  bloody  way  down 
through  the  Wilderness,  until  it 
had  reached  the  Pamunky  river. 
Butler  was  now  ordered  to  de- 
tach a  large  portion  of  his 
command  to  reinforce  Grant. 
The  two  white  divisions  of  the 
Eighteenth  Corps,  and  Ames' 
and  Turner's  of  the  Tenth — in 
all  about  sixteen  thousand  men 
» — were  assigned  for  this  movement  under  General  Smith.  The 
combined  command  held  the  designation  of  the  Eighteenth  Corps, 
the  detachment  of  the  two  Tenth  Corps  divisions  being  but  a 
temporary  separation  from  that  command. 

There  was  a  change  of  both  the  division  and  brigade  command- 
ers of  the  Second  Regiment,  General  John  H.  Martindale  taking 
command  of  the  division,  and  Colonel  Griffin  A.  Stedman,  Jr.,  of 
the  brigade.  The  brigade  was  also  strengthened  by  the  temporary 
assignment  to  it  of  the  Eighth  Ma'liie  regiment,  from  the  Tenth 
Corps.    The  remnant  of  the  Army  of  the  James  still  left  with  Butler 

Lieut, -Col.  James  W.  Carr. 

The  original  captain  of  Company  C.     He 
died  at  Grand  Rapids,  Mich.,  July  5,  1875. 



was  ample  for  simple  purposes  of  defence  behind  his  intrenchments. 
The  expeditionary  force  was  assembled  about  a  mile  to  the  rear  of 
the  works,  where  it  camped  until  the  afternoon  of  the  28th,  when  a 
portion  of  it  (including  the  Second)  crossed  the  Appomattox  on  a 
pontoon  bridge  and  proceeded  to  City  Point.  There  was  a  little 
flurry  as  the  head  of  the  column  approached  the  City  Point  lines, 
some  of  the  "hundred  years  men"  [a  familiar  designation  of  the 
troops  enlisted  for  one  hundred  days]  firing  on  the  approaching 
column.  But  their  aim  was  as  bad  as  their  nerve,  and  nobody  was 
hurt.  That  night  the  corps  embarked  on  the  transports  which  had 
been  assembled  for  the  purpose  at  Bermuda  Hundred  and  City 

Sergt.  Frank  A.  Fletcher,  Co.  G, 

He  enlisted  from  Antrim,  and  was  severely 
wounded  at  Gettysburg.  He  is  now  president  of 
the  Great  Bend  Paper  Co.,  whose  mills  are  at 
Great  Bend,  Jeff  Co.,  N.  Y.,  and  his  residence  is 
at  Watertown,  eleven  miles  distant. 


MAY    29   TO    JUNE    8,    1 864. EIGHTEENTH  CORPS    JOINS    ARMY    OF    THE 






T  sunrise  on  the  29th  of  May  the  transports  upon 
which  the  Eighteenth  Corps  had  embarked  pro- 
ceeded down  the  James,  the  Second  Regiment 
being  on  the  steamer  "  General  Lyon."  By 
9  o'clock  in  the  evening  the  fleet  was  anchored 
before  Yorktown,  and  the  next  morning  was  on 
its  way  up  the  York.  After  entering  the  Pa- 
munky,  at  West  Point,  there  was  more  or  less 
trouble  for  the  large  boats  like  the  "  General 
Lyon."  She  was  continually  grounding  on  the 
/<  shoals  and  sand  bars,  and  at  one  time  was  hung 
up  with  her  keel  in  the  mud  for  five  hours 
before  she  could  be  pulled  off.  About  two  miles  from  White  House 
she  grounded  for  good,  and  the  Second  slept  on  her  until  morning 
(May  31),  when  a  ferryboat  came  down  and  transferred  the  regi- 
ment to  the  landing  at  White  House. 

During  the  forenoon  the  troops  were  put  in  light  marching 
order.  Knapsacks  were  packed  to  be  sent  to  Norfolk  for  storage, 
and  at  3  o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  leaving  General  Ames  with 
twenty-five  hundred  men  to  garrison  White  House,  Smith  started 
with  the  remainder  of  the  Eighteenth  Corps  to  join  Grant 

A  march  of  about  ten  miles  was  made,  and  at  9  o'clock  in  the 
evening  the  corps  went  into  bivouac  near  Old  Church.  The  western 
skies   were  alight  with   the  myriad  camp  fires  of  the  Army  of  the 



Potomac,  which  was  now  all  south  of  the  Pamunky  and  confronting 
Lee  with  its  infantry  left  to  the  north  of  Cold  Harbor.  This  place 
commanded  roads  which  might  be  of  great  importance  to  Grant. 
Sheridan's  cavalry  had  been  contending  there  that  day  against  a 

superior  force,  both  cav- 
alry and  infantry,  and 
was  still  holding  on  until 
reinforced,  under  orders 
from  Grant. 

T  h  e  reinforcements 
were  to  be  the  Sixth  and 
Eighteenth  Corps.  The 
Sixth  Corps  was  withdrawn 
from  the  right  of  the  army 
early  in  the  evening,  and 
passed  along  its  rear  to 
the  left.  But  by  some 
blunder  S  m  i  t  h  was  or- 
dered, the  next  morning, 
to  proceed  to  New  Castle 
Ferry  and  place  himself 
between  the  Fifth  and 
Sixth  Corps.  New  Castle 
Ferry  was  on  the  Pamun- 
ky, about  five  miles  due 
north ;  Cold  Harbor,  to 
which  it  was  intended  to 
direct  him,  a  somewhat 
less  distance  due  west.  The  Eighteenth  Corps  marched  with  the 
greatest  expedition  as  directed ;  but  on  arriving  at  New  Castle 
Ferry  it  was  evident  there  was  a  mistake  somewhere,  and  Smith 
sent  to  Grant  for  instructions.  In  due  time  he  was  advised  that  it 
was  intended  to  order  him  to  Cold  Harbor,  and  the  corps  at  once 
retraced  its  steps.  The  day  was  intensely  hot,  and  the  dust  stifling. 
On  the  road  Smith  received  the  following  order  from  Meade,  dated 
12  m .  : 

First  Sergt.  Allen  B.  Hayward,  Co.  A, 

Wounded  in  the  right  arm  at  Cold  Harbor,  June 
3,  1864,  by  a  minnie  ball  which  shattered  the  bone 
into  twenty-three  pieces.  The  arm  was  amputated 
near  the  shoulder  joint,  within  an  hour,  by  Surgeon 
Merrow.  He  had  previously  been  wounded  at  Sec- 
ond Bull  Run  and  Gettysburg.  He  is  now  at  the 
U.  S.  Pension  Bureau  in  Washington. 



General:  As  soon  as  Gen.  Wright  opens  the  road  from  Old  Church  to  Cold  Harbor,  you 
will  follow  him,  and  take  position  on  his  right,  endeavoring  to  hold  the  road  from  Cold  Harbor 
to  Bethesda  Church.  General  Wright  is  ordered  to  attack  as  soon  as  his  troops  are  up,  and  I 
desire  that  you  should  cooperate  with  him  and  join  in  the  attack.  The  enemy  have  not  been 
long  in  position  about  Cold  Harbor,  and  it  is  of  great  importance  to  dislodge  and,  if  possible,  to 
rout  him  before  he  can  intrench  himself. 

As  the  Eighteenth  Corps  approached  Cold  Harbor,  Wright  was 
found  in  position  and  sharply  skirmishing  with  the  enemy.  The 
corps,  dusty  and  weary  from  its  long  march,  pushed  rapidly  forward 
to  take  its  designated  position  on  the  right.  As  Martindale's 
division  came  upon  the  field,  a  rebel  battery  opened  upon  it  unex- 
pectedly, sending  the  cooks, 
waiters,  camp-followers  and 
other  non-combatants  fly- 
ing out  from  the  column  in 
wild  excitement.  The 
ludicrous  plight  of  that 
cloud  of  frightened  men, 
spavined  horses  and  bro- 
ken down  mules,  loaded 
with  camp  kettles  and 
other  truck,  was  too  much 
for  the  gravity  of  the 
fighting  men. 

I  )evins'  division  formed 
upon  the  right  of  the  Sixth 
Corps,  with  Brooks'  divis- 
ion upon  its  right,  each  in 
two  lines,  and  under  cover 
of  a  narrow  strip  of  woods 
with  open  ground  beyond. 

By  the  time  these  two  divisions  were  in  position  (nearly  6  o'clock), 
Wright  notified  Smith  that  it  was  exceedingly  important  for  him  to 
attack  at  once  ;  so,  leaving  Martindale  to  form  his  division  to  cover 
the  Mechanicsville  and  Bethesda  Church  roads,  the  two  divisions  in 
position  advanced  with  the  Sixth  Corps  to  the  attack.  They  went 
forward  several  hundred  yards,  capturing  a  line  of  rifle  pits  and 
several  hundred  prisoners,  and  were  finally  checked  by  a  line  of 
works  too  strong  to  be  carried.     The  losses   in  the  leading  brigades 

Flavius  A,  Soesman,  Co.  B, 

Wounded  at  Cold  Harbor,  June  3,  1864,  and  died  of 
wounds  June  30.  He  was  a  re-enlisted  veteran,  and 
from  Dover. 


of  each  division  were  heavy.  Martindale's  division,  being  exposed 
only  to  an  irregular  fire  of  artillery,  met  with  but  little  loss.  The 
Second  Regiment  had  three  or  four  men  wounded. 

June  2d  was  spent  in  rearranging  the  lines  for  a  general  assault 
on  the  rebel  position.  This  had  been  ordered  for  5  o'clock  in  the 
afternoon,  but  was  postponed  to  the  next  morning.  The  Second 
Regiment  remained  all  day  in  an  open  field,  from  which  a  portion 
of  the  fortified  line  held  by  the  rebels  was  visible  and  almost  within 
long  rifle  range.  Toward  night  the  brigade  moved  a  little  to  the 
right  and  bivouacked  in  woods  to  the  rear  of  a  network  of  rifle  pits. 
It  was  well  known  that  there  was  to  be  a  big  fight  in  the  morn- 
ing, and  grouped  in  their  comfortless  bivouac,  mid  rocks  and  bushes 
wet  with  a  sudden  rain,  the  men  discussed  the  chances  of  battle. 

T  here  was  a  noticeable  gravity 
among  the  "old  men" — the  original 
members  of  the  regiment  still  left  in 
its  ranks.  Most  of  them  had  now 
been  in  the  service  more  than  thirty- 
seven  months.  The  dates  of  muster 
of  four  companies  (for  three 
years)  had  already  gone  by.  Com- 
pany E's  term  expired  on  the  3d, 
and  the  others  in  daily  succession. 
But  the  regimental  muster  was  held 
to  date  with  the  muster  of  the  last 
company  (June  8),  and  the  old  men 
who  had  not  re- enlisted  remained 
in  the  ranks  to  make  still  another 
fight.  For  most  of  them  it  was  their 
last  stand  in  line  with  the  glorious 
old  Army  of  the  Potomac.  And  well 
they  knew  that  for  some  this  was  the 
last  bivouac — for  whom,  would  be  a 
mystery  of  fate  until  the  casting  of  the  bloody  die  on  the  morrow. 
But  while  the  hardship  of  the  situation  was  fully  appreciated  and 
discussed,  there  was  no  disposition  to  dodge  it.  One  of  the  men 
expressed  the  sentiment,  "  It  would  n't  be  good  manners  to  go 
without  saying  '  Good  bye '  to  our  old  friends,  the  Johnnies." 

First  Sergt.  Moses  L.  F.  Smith,  Co.  D. 

Killed  at  Cold  Harbor,  June  3,  1864, 
while  acting  sergeant-major.  He  had 
re-enlisted,  and  was  slated  for  a  commis- 


2  35 

The  assault  was  ordered 
along  the  whole  line  of  the 
Army  of  the  Potomac  at  4.30 
in  the  morning,  each  corps 
commander  to  select  the 
point  on  his  front  where  he 
w  o  u  1  d  m  a  k  e  his  attack. 
The  ground  over  which  the 
Eighteenth  Corps  had  to 
move  was  the  most  exposed 
of  any  over  which  charges 
were  made.  On  the  front  of 
the  corps  was  an  open  plain, 
gradually  narrowing  toward 
the  left,  across  which  the 
troops  were  to  advance.  At 
the  appointed  hour  the  corps 
was  in  position.  The  main 
assault  was  to  be  made  by 
Martindale's  division,  under 
cover  of  a  depression  which 
would  afford  a  slight  protec- 
tion from  an  enfilading  fire 
to  which  it  would  be  exposed 
on  the  right.  Brooks'  divis- 
ion  was  to  advance  upon  the  left  of  Martindale,  keeping  up  the 
connection  with  the  Sixth  Corps.  Devins'  division  was  placed  on 
the  right  to  protect  that  flank  and  occupy  as  much  as  possible  of 
the  lines  vacated  by  the  troops  moving  forward. 

The  assaulting  column  moved  promptly.  The  enemy's  skir- 
mishers were  rushed  back,  and  on  Brooks'  front  his  picket  rifle  pits 
were  captured.  The  column  was  now  within  striking  distance, 
and  was  halted  until  Smith  could  see  what  he  was  leading  his  troops 
into.  After  personally  inspecting  Martindale's  front,  he  decided 
that  there  should  be  a  line  of  battle  faced  to  the  right  to  protect 
the  right  flank  of  the  moving  column,  and  also  that  no  further 
advance  could  be  made  until  the  Sixth  Corps  moved  up  to  cover 

Capt,  Henry  Hayward,  Co.  E, 

Entered  the  service,  from  Dover,  as  a  sergeant 
of  Company  D.  His  father  was  an  English  land- 
scape gardener  at  Manchester,  where  "Harry" 
was  born,  and  William  Hayward,  a  popular  con- 
cert singer  of  the  last  generation,  was  his  brother. 
He  was  killed  at  Cold  Harbor,  June  3,  1864. 




his  left.  Ordering  Martindale  to  keep  his  column  covered  as  much 
as  possible,  and  to  move  only  when  Brooks  moved,  he  went  to  the 
left  to  reconnoiter  in  front  of  Brooks'  line.  But  Martindale,  not- 
withstanding his  partial  protection,  was  in  too  hot  a  place  to  remain 
long  inactive,  and  mistaking  heavy  firing  on  the  Sixth  Corps  front 
for  Brooks'  advance,  he  moved  forward  at  once  to  the  assault. 

Stedman's  brigade  was 
formed  in  mass  by  battalion, 
the  Twelfth  New  Hampshire 
leading,  and  the  Second  the 
fifth  battalion.  As  the  brig 
ade  fully  uncovered  it 
greeted  by  an  awful  fire  from 
the  rebel  works.  The  enfi- 
lading fire  was  so  heavy  and 
destructive,  even  as  it  swept 
across  Martindale' s  division 
into  Brooks',  that  Smith 
ordered  Brooks  to  keep  his 
men  covered  and  not  attempt 
to  advance  until  the  fire 
slackened,  and  then  came 
over  to  Martindale  to  see 
what  it  all  meant. 

It  was  a  straight  dash  of 
four  hundred  yards  to  the 
rebel  lines.  As  the  column 
plunged  forward,  it  left  an 
awful  trail  of  the  dead  and 
wounded  at  every  step  of  its  progress.  It  was  very  soon  apparent 
that  the  charge  could  not  succeed.  When  only  half-way  across,  so 
murderous  was  the  fire,  the  Twelfth  had  lost  half  its  men,  and  every 
other  regiment  heavily.  The  column  was  thrown  back  in  some 
■confusion  ;  but  at  the  edge  of  a  point  of  woods  from  which  they 
had  charged  the  troops  halted.  The  Second  Regiment — whose  loss 
had  been  less  than  any  of  the  others — arrived  at  this  point  in  very 
good  order,  and  as   soon  as  its  front   was   clear   of    the    retreating 

Capt.  William  H.  Smith,  Co.  B. 

Wounded  at  Cold  Harbor,  June  3,  1864,  by 
musket  shots  in  both  legs,  and  died  of  wounds 
June  6.  His  remains  were  conveyed  to  New 
Hampshire  by  his  old  comrades  on  their  return 
home,  and  his  funeral  at  Exeter  was  attended  by 
the  officers  and  men  with  whom  he  had  served 
for  three  full  years.  He  entered  the  service, 
from  Exeter,  as  first  lieutenant  of  Company  E. 



troops,  opened  fire  on  the  enemy.    In  fact,  it  was  while  holding  this 
line,  that  the  regiment  suffered  a  large  proportion  of  its  loss. 

It  was  now  a  fight  at  good  musket  range  between  Yanks  in  the 
open  and  Rebs  behind  intrenchments.  But  while  keeping  up  a 
good  fire,  the  Second  also  proceeded  to  intrench  itself  with  the 
alacrity  and  adaptability  to  circumstances  characteristic  of  old 
campaigners.  There  was  no 
material  but  the  ground  beneath 
them,  and  no  tools  but  knives, 
tin  plates,  and  bayonets.  But 
the  men  were  working  for  their 
lives,  and  it  was  astonishing 
how  fast  the  dirt  heaps  grew, 
until,  by  lying,  like  Bre'er  Rab- 
bit, "  mighty  low,"  there  was  a 
fair  cover  against  rebel  bullets. 

Still,  men  were  being  con- 
stantly stricken  in  the  line. 
Three  captains  lost  their  lives. 
Captain  George  W.  Gordon,  of 
Company  I,  had  the  top  of  his 
head  plowed  by  a  rebel  bullet, 
and  died  within  an  hour.  Cap- 
tain William  H.  Smith,  of 
Company  B,  was  wounded  in 
both  legs,  and  died  at  Fort 
Monroe  on  the  6th.  Captain 
Henry  Hayward,  of  Company 
E,  was  lying  prone  upon  the  ground,  sighting  a  rifle  which  he  had 
picked  up,  when  a  bullet  pierced  his  neck,  and  he  died  in  about 
three  hours.  Acting  Sergt.- Major  Moses  L.  F.  Smith  was  shot 
through  the  hips,  living  a  short  time  in  dreadful  agony. 

A  sad  incident,  which  has  lingered  in  the  writer's  memory,  was 
the  death  of  Addison  C.  Messenger,  of  Company  I.  He  joined  the 
regiment,  as  a  recruit,  at  Point  Lookout,  having  previously  served  a 
term  in  the  Sixteenth  New  Hampshire.  More  in  jest  than  in 
earnest,  probably,  some  of  the  men  had  expressed  doubts  as  to  his 

Capt,  George  W.  Gordon,  Co.  I. 

Killed  at  Cold  Harbor,  June  3,  1864.  He 
enlisted  from  Allenstoun,  and  coming  to  the 
regiment  well  versed,  for  those  early  days,  i.i 
military  tactics,  he  was  made  its  first  sergeant- 
major.  The  (Irand  Army  Post  at  Suncook  was 
named  for  him. 



courage,  which,  as  events  showed,  rankled  deep  in  his  breast.  He 
now  exposed  himself  with  the  utmost  recklessness.  While  most  of 
the  others,  after  the  repulse,  were  hugging  the  ground,  he  stood  up, 

fully  exposed  and  as  unflinching  as 
a  brazen  image,  loading  and  firing 
at  the  row  of  heads  above  the  rebel 
works,  until  a  bullet  pierced  his 
heart.  The  gun  he  was  sighting 
fell  from  his  hands,  he  swayed  for 
a  moment,  and  sank  to  the  ground, 
dead.  He  had  settled  with  his  life 
the  question  as  to  his  bravery. 

A  bullet  struck  close  to  the  head 
of  Lieutenant  George  T.  Carter,  of 
Company  I,  throwing  up  a  cloud  of 
dirt.  "Carter  's  got  it  !"  exclaimed 
a  comrade.  "No,  I  guess  not!" 
replied  Carter,  raising  his  head  ; 
and  on  the  instant  he  did  "get  it" 
from  a  bullet  which  inflicted  an 
ugly  wound. 

In  this  fight  good  old  Doctor 
Bunton,  Assistant-Surgeon,  estab- 
lished his  reputation  with  the  men. 
He  had  been  well  liked,  and  it  was 
in  no  spirit  of  disrespect,  but  on 
account  of  his  bald  pate,  that  he 
was  familiarly  known  as  "Old  Lap- 
stone."  In  some  way  he  got  possession  of  a  shovel,  and  taking  a 
position  well  up  to  the  line,  he  threw  up  a  little  intrenchment  of 
his  own,  and  was  in  position  to  render  immediate  surgical  assistance 
to  many  a  poor  wounded  fellow,  who  ever  afterwards  swore  by  "Old 

The  repulse  of  the  Eighteenth  Corps  was  practically  the  expe- 
rience all  along  the  line,  notwithstanding  slight  advantages  were 
gained  at  some  points.  The  battle  of  Cold  Harbor  had  been  short, 
sharp,  and  decisive.     Not  only  was  it  one  of  the  bloodiest,  but  one 

Lieut.  Herbert  B.  Titus,  Co.  A, 

A  native  of  Chesterfield,  and  the  origi- 
nal second  lieutenant  of  Company  A. 
He  was  promoted  to  first  lieutenant,  and 
after  a  year's  service  with  the  Second 
was  appointed  major  of  the  Ninth  New 
Hampshire.  Within  a  fortnight  after 
joining  his  new  command  he  was  appoint- 
ed lieutenant-colonel,  severely  wounded 
at  Antietam,  and  the  following  November 
was  appointed  colonel.  He  left  the  service 
a  brevet  brigadier-general  for  gallant  and 
meritorious  services  during  the  war.  He 
now  resides  at  Nyack,  N.  Y.,  with  his 
business  office  in  New  York  city. 


of  the  most  unequal  of  the  war  in  the  comparative  losses  of  the  two 
sides.  Grant  had  lost  ten  thousand  men,  almost  in  the  twinkling 
of  an  eve,  while  the  rebel  loss  was  onlv  about  one  thousand. 

The  Second's  loss  on  this  day  was  about  seventy,  of  whom  eight 
were  killed,  and  eight  died  of  wounds.  Its  total  loss  during  the 
Cold  Harbor  epoch  was  seventy-eight. 

During  the  following  night,  in  spite  of  the  almost  uninterrupted 
fire  which  was  maintained  between  the  two  lines,  men  crawled  out, 
at  the  imminent  risk  of  their  own  lives,  and  rescued  some  of  the 
wounded  ;  but  others  it  was 
impossible  to  reach,  and  they 
all  died  miserably  before  a 
truce  was  arranged  for  their 

Before  daylight  on  the 
morning  of  the  4th  the  Sec- 
ond was  relieved  by  the 
E  i  g  h  t  h  Connecticut,  from 
Burnham's  brigade  of  the 
First  Division,  which  brought 
intrenching  tools  and  imme- 
diately proceeded  to  make 
serviceable  breastworks  of  the 
dirt  line  scratched  up  by  the 
Second.     The  Second  simply 

drew  back  a    little   distance, 

,    .       A,        j  1        •    ,  ,  Serart,  Ezra  C.  Goodwin.  Co.  D, 

and  in  the  days  and   nights  & 

,,,,.,.,,  Was  severely  wounded  at  Gettysburg;  also  at 

that     Succeeded     had     its    full       Cold   Harbor.     Re-enlisted.     Discharged   early  in 
.  ,  ,  '65  for  disability.     Resides  in  Dover. 

share  of    duty   on   the    front 

line.  From  this  line  the  sharpshooting  was  continuous,  and  men 
were  wounded  every  day.  The  pickets  were  in  pits  only  a  few 
yards  to  the  front.  They  were  relieved  at  night,  and  the  person 
who  passed  in  or  out  by  daylight  took  a  great  many  chances.  It 
was  a  brace  for  a  rush,  a  jump,  a  foot  race  against  time,  and  a 
plunge  for  cover — and  always  plenty  of  music  about  one's  ears 
before  he  landed. 

The  men  soon  got  acquainted,  so  to  speak,  with  certain  sharp- 



shooters  along  the  rebel  lines,  as  the  Johnnies  doubtless  did  with 
some  of  ours.  There  was  one  particularly  sociable  fellow  who  had 
a  perch  in  a  prominent  clump  of  trees  on  that  portion  of  the  rebel 
line,  over  to  the  right,  from  which  the  brigade  had  been  enfiladed 
in  its  charge  on  the  3d.  He  appeared  to  give  his  entire  and  undi- 
vided attention  to  a  little  opening  or  vista  (probably  an  old  cart 
path)  in  the  forest  front  along  the  Second's  position.  The  men 
very  soon  learned  to  be  careful  of  exposing  themselves  on  that 
danger  line.     But  for  all  that,   he  got  a  victim  occasionally  ;   and 

Field  Hospital  at  Point  of  Rocks, 

The  above  is  a  view  at  the  field  hospital  at  Point  of  Rocks  on  the 
Appomattox  river,  sometime  in  the  latter  part  of  1864,  while  the 
Army  of  the  Potomac  was  beseiging  Petersburg  In  the  doorway  of 
the  log  cabin  is  seated  Harriet  Dame,  with  her  dog  "  Whisky,"  so 
named  because  his  twin  was  called  "  Quinine." 

when  business  was  dull,  he  would  send  over  a  random  bullet,  just 
to  advise  the  Yankees  that  he  was  at  the  same  old  stand.  One  of 
the  scalps  in  his  belt  was  that  of  Lieutenant  Colcord,  of  Company 
K.  Colcord  rejoined  the  regiment  on  the  5th,  from  sick  leave,  and 
while  strolling  along  the  rear  of  the  works,  unwittingly  halted  right 
on  the  danger  line.  Some  of  the  men  warned  him,  but  too  late. 
He  went  down  with  an  ugly,  although  not  dangerous,  bullet  furrow 
in  his  scalp.     It  was  a  close  call  for  Colcord. 

June  8  was  memorable  as  the  day  when  the  old  men  whose  term 
of  service  had  expired  marched  from  the  trenches  on  their  return 



to  New  Hampshire  to  be  mustered  out.  They  encamped  about 
three  miles  to  the  rear,  and  at  4  o'clock  the  next  morning  started 
for  White  House,  where  they  arrived  at  10  a.  m.  They  embarked 
on  the  little  steamer  "Young  America,"  which,  at  7  p.  m.,  anchored 
for  the  night  about  seven  miles  above  Yorktown. 

The  next  day  (June  10)  they  went  to  Norfolk  for  the  baggage 
which  had  been  stored  there,  and  thence  back  to  Fort  Monroe  to 
await  transportation  north. 
On  the  nth  the  steamer 
"Detroit"  was  assigned  for 
conveyance  to  New  York. 
She  was  then  at  the  wharf, 
awaiting  the  discharge  of  her 
cargo.  The  men  were  impa- 
tient of  delay,  and  expressed 
their  willingness  to  unload 
her  themselves.  Their  offer 
was  accepted,  and  the  work 
was  conducted  w  i  t  h  such 
amazing  celerity  that  about 
half-past  eight  in  the  evening 
the  boat  pulled  out  from  the 
wharf  and  headed  for  the 
(apes  of  the  Chesapeake. 

The  "Detroit"  arrived  at 
New  York  on  the  evening  of 
the  13th.  The  next  day  the 
detachment  took  the  "  Com- 
monwealth" for  Groton,  and 
at  1 1  o'clock  in  the  forenoon 

of  June  15th  were  again  in  the  capital  of  the  Old  Granite  State,  fn 
a  storehouse  near  the  railroad  station  the  men  stacked  their  arms 
for  the  last  time  together.  "Good  bye,  old  comrade!"  was  the 
unspoken  farewell  in  many  a  heart,  as  the  hand  parted  with  the 
faithful  old  musket  it  had  carried  in  many  a  fierce  battle.  The 
citizens  of  Concord  had  made  arrangements  for  a  grand  reception, 
but  it  did  not  take  place  according  to  program.  The  men  could 

Daniel  W.  Gould,  Co.  G. 

Enlisted  from  Peterborough,  his  native  town, 
and  lost  an  arm  at  Williamsburg.  He  resides  at 
Chelsea,  Mass.  For  many  years  he  held  a  position 
as  Inspector  in  the  Boston  Custom  House,  until 
"bounced"  by  Collector  Warren  the  first  of  Octo- 
ber, 1895.      [See  group  picture  on  page  156J. 



not    wait   for  it,   but   scattered   on   the   earliest  trains  to  the  four 

quarters  of  the  state  to  meet  the  home  receptions  which  awaited 


On  Tuesday,   the   21st   of  June,   the  men  again  assembled  at 

Concord.     They  were   paid  off  by   Paymaster    Henry   McFarland, 

and  received  their  certificates 
of  honorable  discharge  from 
Captain  Charles  Holmes, 
mustering  officer.  Then,  in 
the  shadow  of  the  great  elms 
in  the  state  house  yard,  they 
listened  to  the  last  roll  call, 
and,  company  by  company, 
were  declared  "mustered  out 
of  the  United  States  service." 
Before  following  further 
the  fortunes  of  the  Second,  a 
few  lines  may  be  spared  to 
consider  how  the  regiment 
was  affected  by  the  separa- 
tion from  it  of  so  large  a 
proportion  of  its  veteran 
John  A,  Emerson,  Co.  K.  members.      Of     the     ninety- 

Was   captured    at    Williamsburg,    released,   and       eight     enlisted      men     who 

discharged    at    Washington,    all    within    seventeen 

days.     "Subsequently   enlisted    in   the    Ninth    New        "veteranized,"  OX  re-enlisted, 

Hampshire.     Resides  at  Deerfield. 

sixty-six  were  of  the  original 
members,  and  thirty-two  from  the  first  year's  recruits.  The  dis- 
charges of  one  hundred  ninety-nine  enlisted  men  bear  date  June 
21,  1864;  and  twenty-eight  commissioned  officers,  including  all  the 
field  and  staff,  excepting  Adjutant  Cooper,  went  out  with  the  old 
men.  But  four  commissioned  officers  remained  upon  the  rolls  : 
Captain  Patterson,  Adjutant  Cooper,  and  Lieutenants  Saunders,  of 
Company  D,  and  Carter,  of  Company  f.  These  figures  show  that 
of  the  one  thousand  and  more  officers  and  men  who  left  New 
Hampshire  in  June,  1861,  the  names  of  two  hundred  and  ninety- 
seven  were  borne  upon  the  rolls  at  the  expiration  of  the  term  of 
service,  in  June,  1 864,  who  are  accounted  for  as  follows  : 





■ed  out 

fune  21 


















































































































and  Staff 




Line  Officers, 


20  199  70 

Many  of  the  men  discharged  June  21st  soon  found  their  way 
into  the  service  again  in  other  organizations.  Their  refusal  to 
re-enlist  in  the  Second  was  in 
a  great  measure  influenced  by 
their  dislike  of  the  uncongenial 
mass  of  mercenaries  in  which 
their  state  had  submerged  them. 
The  original  Second  had  been 
a  close  brotherhood,  picked 
from  the  best  blood  of  New 
Hampshire.  A  very  large  pro- 
portion of  its  members  were 
young  men  not  yet  out  of  their 
teens,  or  but  just  passed  them, 
who,  with  no  family  cares  and 
duties  to  bind,  were  free  to 
drop  the  tools  of  the  artisan  or 
the  books  of  the  student,  and 
take  up  the  musket  at  a  mo- 
ment's notice.   An  enthusiastic, 

homogeneous  clan  of  intelligent 

XT  TT  ...  .  First  Serfft.  Christian  Pressler,  Co.  A. 

JNew    Hampshire    boys,    loving 

,      .  .  *  A  native  of  Saxony,  Germany.     Resides 

their  state  and  proud  as  Lucifer      at  Keene. 





of  their  regiment  ;  a  regiment  that  brigade  and  division  com- 
manders soon  learned  to  rely  upon  implicitly,  and  which  never 
failed  them — that  was  the  "  Old  Second."  These  men  had  made 
for  it  its  unsurpassed  record  as  a  fighting  regiment.  They  had 
inscribed  with  their  best  blood  its  Alpha  at  Bull  Run  and  its  Omega 
at  Cold  Harbor,  for  never  again  was  the  regiment  to  meet  the 
heavy  losses  in  battle  which  had  marked  its  career  in  the  past. 

From  the  old  men  that  remained,  however,  the  regiment  was 
finely  officered,  and  under  Patterson  was  brought  to  a  high  state  of 
efficiency  and  discipline.  But  what  Lossing  has  written  of  the 
army  as  a  whole  was  fully  true  of  the  Second  :  "  Many  veterans 
remained  ;  but  a  vast  portion  of  the  army  was  composed,  if  not 
entirely  of  raw  troops,  of  those  who  had  been  little  disciplined,  and 
in  a  great  degree  lacked  the  buoyant  spirit  of  the  early  Army  of  the 
Potomac,  when  led  bv  McClellan  and  Hooker." 

Chaplain  Adams  and  Flora. 
From  a  tintype  taken  at  Manchester,  Va.,  just  across 


ora  was  a  roan 

the  river  from  Richmond,  May  i,  18 
mare,  raised  in  Exeter  by  the  father  of  Captain  Albert  M. 
Perkins,  and  was  successively  owned  by  Captain  Perkins, 
Surgeon  Merrow,  and  Chaplain  Adams.  She  had  a  repu 
tation  as  a  trotter,  in  New  Hampshire,  before  the  war,  and 
was  known  as  one  of  the  finest  animals  in  the  army. 

CHAP  T  E  R     XVI 

JUNE    9,     1864,     TO     .MARCH    2,     1865. "THE    NEW    SECOND" REOR- 





}HEN  the  "Old  Second"  took  up  its  homeward 
march,  Captain  Patterson  found  himself  in 
command  of  about  two  hundred  and  fifty  men 
who  remained  in  the  trenches — the  "  New 
Second,"  composed  of  men  who  had  re-en- 
listed and  recruits  who  had  joined  the  regi- 
ment since  its  organization.  For  a  time  he 
was  the  only  commissioned  officer  on  duty. 
There  were  still  on  the  rolls  of  the  regiment 
six  hundred  and  sixty  names.  This  number, 
although  not  enough  to  admit  of  the  muster  of  a  colonel,  allowed 
the  organization  of  ten  companies  to  be  retained,  and  the  muster  of 
a  lieucenant-colonel,  major,  surgeon,  and  a  proportionate  number 
of  line  officers. 

The  re-officering  of  the  regiment  at  the  earliest  practicable 
moment  was  a  matter  of  great  importance,  and  about  a  week  later, 
after  the  return  of  the  Eighteenth  Corps  to  the  Army  of  the  James, 
recommendations  to  fill  all  vacancies,  approved  by  Generals  Smith 
and  Marston,  were  forwarded  to  Governor  Gilmore.  At  once,  on 
the  muster  out  of  the  retiring  officers,  commissions  were  issued  to 
the  new.  Captain  Patterson  was  commissioned  as  lieutenant- 
colonel,  and  Adjutant  John  D.  Cooper  as  major.  Quartermaster- 
Sergeant   Abner   F.    Durgin   was   promoted    to  quartermaster,    and 





Hospital  Steward  William  G.  Stark  to  assistant-surgeon.  Chaplain 
John  W.  Adams  declined  to  return  home  with  the  old  men.  He 
remained  in  the  trenches  with  the  remnant  of  the  regiment,  though 
there  was  no  authority  for  retaining  a  chaplain,  and  his  services 
must  be  the  free  offering    of  a  patriotic   spirit.     Later,  however, 

when     the    new    organization    was 
completed,    Chaplain   Adams     was 
retained  in  the   position  to    which 
he    had    brought    so   much    ability 
and    fidelity.       Assistant  -  Surgeon 
Stone,    who  was  mustered    out   as 
such    June     21st,    was    appointed 
surgeon,  and  rejoined  the  regiment 
early  in    July.     Captain    Converse 
(also    mustered  out  on   the   21st) 
was  re-commissioned  on  the  24  th  ; 
and  Lieutenants  Carter  and  Saun- 
ders were  promoted  to  captaincies. 
Lieutenancies    were    filled  by   the 
promotion  of  various  sergeants  to 
be    first    lieutenants,     as    follows 
Samuel  F.  Holbrook,  Company  A 
Frank   W.    Morgan,    Company   B 
Edward    I).    Bean,  Company  C 
George   W.    Nixon,    Company  D 
Charles  McGlaughlin,  Company  E 
Henry     A.     Flint,    Company  F 
Charles  A.   Locke,  Company  G  :    Albert  J.  Hanson,  Company  H 
Thomas  E.  Marshall,  Company  I  ;   James  I.   Locke,  Company  K. 
By  these  appointments  each  company  was  given  at  least  one  com- 
missioned officer. 

Pending  this  reorganization,  the  Second  was,  on  June  9th, 
assigned  to  special  duty  as  provost  guard  at  the  Eighteenth  Corps 
headquarters.  On  the  12th,  preparatory  to  the  movement  to  place 
the  Army  of  the  Potomac  on  the  south  side  of  the  James,  the 
Eighteenth  Corps  marched  to  White  House  for  its  return  by  water 
to  the  Army  of  the  James,  and  during  the  night  most  of  the  troops- 
embarked  on  transports. 

Quartermaster  Abner  F.  Durgin, 

Enlisted  from  Fisherville  (now  Pena- 
cook)  as  a  private  in  Company  E.  He 
re-enlisted,  was  appointed  quartermaster- 
sergeant,  and  on  the  reorganization  of  the 
regiment  was  commissioned  as  quarter- 



The  Second  embarked  on  the  13th,  and  on  the  15th  were 
at  Broadway  Landing,  on  the  Appomattox.  The  corps  had  arrived 
at  Bermuda  Hundred  on  the  night  of  the  14th,  and  on  the  same 
night  the  van  of  the  Army  of  the  Potomac  reached  the  banks  of  the 
James  and  was  prepared  to  cross  at  Fort  Powhatan.  Passing  to 
the  right  bank  of  the  Appomattox, 
the  Eighteenth  Corps,  on  the  15  th 
of  June,  made  the  first  of  the  series 
of  assaults  on  the  defences  of 
Petersburg  by  which  Grant  hoped 
to  capture  the  city  before  it  could 
be  filled  with  reinforcements  from 
Lee.  Had  General  Smith  pushed 
forward  in  the  night,  following  up 
his  first  successes,  it  is  probable 
he  could  have  occupied  the  city 
and  held  the  bridges  leading  north 
to  Richmond.  But  he  did  not 
know,  and  it  was  another  of  the 
lost  opportunities  of  the  war.  Be- 
fore morning  Lee's  troops  were 
streaming  into  Petersburg  from 
Richmond,  and  the  long  seige  of 
ten  months  had  begun. 

On  the  1 6th,  with  the  Tenth 
Corps,  Terry  moved  out  from  the  Bermuda  Hundred  lines — the 
rebel  force  having  been  withdrawn  from  the  intrenchments  on  his 
front  to  assist  in  defending  Petersburg — and  advanced  to  the 
Petersburg  and  Richmond  railroad.  The  Second  Regiment  was 
ordered  by  General  Butler  to  report  to  General  Turner,  who,  with 
a  small  picked-up  command  of  odds-and-ends — mounted  and  dis- 
mounted cavalry,  hundred-days  men,  and  negroes — was  to  make  a 
reconnoissance  to  the  left  of  Terry's  line  of  advance.  Turner's 
little  command  advanced  from  Port  Walthal,  and  at  noon  reached 
the  Petersburg  and  Richmond  railroad  at  Port  Walthal  Junction. 
A  long  stretch  of  the  railroad  was  speedily  destroyed,  as  was  the 
cam])  of  a  North  Carolina  brigade,  which  had  apparently  departed 

Asst. -Surgeon  William  G,  Stark, 

See  portrait  and  sketch  on  page  85. 



Lieut.  Milan  D.  Spaulding,  Co.  C. 

Pin  haste,  probably  on  a  loud 
call  from  Petersburg.  Tur- 
ner met  with  no  opposition 
worthy  of  the  name, 
notwithstanding  the  Tenth 
Corps  was  heavily  engaged, 
about  a  mile  to  the  right, 
with  Pickett's  division? 
w  h  i  c  h  came  down  from 

With  the  heterogeneous 
mass  at  his  command,  it  was 
probably  fortunate  for  Tur- 
ner that  he  did  not  meet  a 
very  large  or  vicious  rebel 
force.-  But  with  only  a  weak 
picket  line  to  oppose  him, 
he  was  able  to  push  right 
along  and  make  a  success 
of  his  expedition.  Upon 
reporting  to  him,  Captain  Patterson  very  properly  advised  him  of 
the  exceptional  condition  of  the  Second  and  its  lack  of  commis- 
sioned officers.  Later  in  the  day,  Patterson  was  somewhat 
amused  when  two  "hundred-years"  second  lieutenants,  under 
orders  from  Turner,  reported  to  him  for  duty.  He  had  no  use  for 
them,  as  all  his  companies  were  in  charge  of  competent  sergeants 
of  more  than  three  years'  service  ;  and  as  soon  as  he  could  do  it 
decently  and  without  hurting  their  feelings,  he  thanked  them  warmly 
for  the  valuable  aid  they  had  rendered  him,  and  gave  them  permis- 
sion to  return  to  their  own  command. 

Had  there  been  a  serious  collision,  it  is  safe  to  say  that  the 
dismantled  Second  Regiment  would  have  proved  one  of  Turner's 
mainstays.  He — a  skillful  and  experienced  soldier — must  have 
appreciated  this  when,  along  late  in  the  day,  an  organization  in 
front  of  the  Second  went  all  to  pieces  before  a  few  shots  and  struck 
for  the  Appomattox  at  a  tremendous  pace.  The  Second  at  once 
advanced  and  occupied  the  vacated  position. 

One  of  the  1861  recruits,  who  re-enlisted,  received 
a  commission,  and  resigned  as  soon  as  the  fighting 
was  over.     He  now  resides  at  Fitchbur 




The   command   returned   to   their  camps    about   sunset,    with    a 
happv  consciousness  of  having  done  a  great  deal  of  mischief  with 

General  Turner  made  the  following 

but  trilling  loss  to  themselves, 
report : 

Headquarters  U.  S.  Forces, 

Point  of  Rocks,    l'a.,  Jane  10,  1864. 

Capt.  A.  Terry, 

Assistant  Adjutant  General: 
Captain:  I  have  the  honor  to  submit  the  following  report  of  a  reconnoissance  made  today  in 
obedience  to  orders  received  at  8  a.  m.  from  the  major-general  commanding.  I  moved  with  the 
Sixty-second  Ohio.  Nineteenth  Wisconsin,  Second  New  Hampshire,  and  twenty-five  men  of 
Mounted  Rifles  (in  all  about  550  men)  over  the  causeway  on  my  extreme  left.  At  the  same 
time  I  shoved  forward  my  picket  line,  about  100  strong,  on  the  mill  road.  I  found  but  few  of 
the  enemy  in  my  front,  and  they  were  easily  pushed  back.  I  advanced  without  delay  to  the 
junction  of  the  Port  Walthal  railroad  with  the  Petersburg  and  Richmond  railroad,  and  immedi- 
ately commenced  the  destruction  of  the  road.  I  was  here  joined  by  the  Maryland  cavalry, 
dismounted;  200  First  U.  S.  Colored  Cavalry,  dismounted;  District  of  Columbia  Cavalry,  and 
One  Hundred  and  Sixty-third  Ohio,  100-days'  men.  The  Maryland  regiment  was  to  have  been 
with  me  from  the  start,  but  it  did  not  reach  the  rendezvous  in  time,  and  I  went  without  it.  The 
others  were  ordered  from  camp  after  I  started.  I  destroyed  about  a  mile  of  the  road  completely, 
burning  every  tie,  and  heating  the  rails,  and  from  a  half  to  three-quarters  of  a  mile  was  over- 
turned onto  the  side  of  the  road  or  down  the  embankment.  I  also  destroyed  the  telegraph  line 
both  on  the  railroad  and  turnpike,  and  a  camp  containing  quite  an  amount  of  camp  and  garrison 
equipage  and  subsistence.  I  remained  till  5  p.  m..  when,  in  obedience  to  the  orders  of  the 
major-general  commanding  and  Brigadier-General  Terry,  I  withdrew  to  my  line,  the  enemy 
following  in  small  force. 

Very  respectfully,  &c,  JOHN  W.  TURNER, 

Brigadier-General,  Commanding. 

In  due  time  commissions  were 
issued  as  previously  indicated,  and 
the  Second  Regiment  was  once 
more  fully  organized.  It  remained 
on  duty  at  corps  headquarters 
until  August  13th,  when  it  was 
assigned  to  the  First  Brigade,  First 
Division,  Eighteenth  Corps,  con- 
sisting of  theSecond  and  Thirteenth 
New  Hampshire,  and  Eighty-first, 
Ninety-eighth  and  One  Hundred 
and  Thirty-ninth  New  York,  and 
commanded  by  Colonel  Aaron  F. 
Stevens,  of  the  Thirteenth  New 
Hampshire.  This  brigade  occu- 
pied the  extreme  right  of  Grant's 
beseiging  lines  south  of  the  Appo- 
mattox,  its   rifle   trenches    ending 

Lieut,  James  W,  Felt,  Co.  G. 

One  of  the  first  lot  of  recruits,  entering 
Company  A.  Re-enlisted,  and  promoted 
to  first  lieutenant  of  Company  G.  Resides 
at  South  Ashburnham,  Mass. 




at  the  river,  which  had  an  uncomfortable  habit  of  flooding  a  portion 
of  the  pits.  The  distance  between  the  opposing  lines  at  this  point 
was  less  than  three  hundred  yards,  and  the  courtesies  of  foeman  to 

foeman  were  only  such  as  their 
rifles  could  carry.  The  fire  of 
sharpshooters  was  continuous, 
with  an  occasional  artillery 
outbreak,  and  men  were  killed 
almost  every  day. 

August  26th,  the  Eighteenth 
Corps  exchanged  positions 
with  the  Tenth,  crossing  the 
Appomattox  at  Point  of  Rocks 
during  the  night,  and  occupy- 
ing the  Bermuda  Hundred 
defences'.  The  Second's  posi- 
tion was  to  the  rear  of  Battery 
Sawyer,  a  prominent  salient  of 
the  line,  about  midway  between 
the  Appomattox  and  the 

In  Special  Orders,  No.  233, 
from  General  Butler,  bearing 
date  August  25,  it  was  ordered  : 

Sergt.  Thomas  W.  Piper,  Co.  B, 

Enlisted,  as  an  early  recruit,  from  Hopkin- 
ton.  Promoted  to  sergeant  July  i,  1864.  Was 
wounded  in  the  trenches  before  Petersburg, 
August  17,  1864,  and  died  on  the  19th. 

"  XVI.  The  Second  New  Hampshire  Volunteers  will  be  sent  without  delay  to  relieve  the 
regiments  of  100-days  men  now  at  Fort  Pocahontas.  The  latter  regiments,  upon  being  relieved, 
will  be  placed  en   route  to  Washington,  D.   C,  preparatory  to  being  sent  home  to  be  mustered 


And  in  Special  Orders,  No.  237,  dated  August  31  : 

"  XI.  Brig.-Gen.  Gilman  Marston,  U.  S.  Volunteers,  is  hereby  assigned  to  the  command  of 
all  the  U.  S.  troops  on  the  James  river,  east  of  City  Point  and  west  of  Fort  Monroe.  He  will 
establish  his  headquarters  at  Wilson's  wharf." 

General  Marston's  command  was  known  as  the  "  Separate 
Brigade,"  and  it  was  charged  with  the  policing  of  the  army's  line  of 
communications  by  the  James  and  its  protection  from  interference 
by  rebel  raiding  parties.  The  Second  Regiment  was  detached 
from  the  brigade  September  1st,  and  on  the  evening  of  the  same 
day  reported  to  General   Marston  at  Wilson's   Landing   (or    Fort 




Pocahontas).  A  new  camp  was 
immediately  laid  out,  the  men 
workinsr    with   a    will    to    make 


everything  trim  and  comfortable. 
From  this  point  the  regiment 
made  several  excursions  into  the 
country  to  the  north  of  the 
James,  destroying  much  prop- 
erty of  value  to  the  Confederate 
army.  On  the  21st  of  Septem- 
ber, Major  Cooper,  with  one 
h  u  n  d  red  men,  went  up  the 
Chickahominy  river,  convoyed 
by  a  gunboat,  and  destroyed  a 
steam  sawmill  in  full  working 
order.  The  detachment  returned 
the  next  day  w  i  t  h  o  u  t  loss, 
bringing  with  them  50,000  feet 
of  lumber,  although  guerrillas 
appeared  occasionally  and  fired 
upon  them  from  the  banks  of  the  river.  A  more  extensive  raid 
was  made  on  the  27  th,  under  the  following  instructions  : 

Headquarters  Separate  Brigade, 

Fort  Pocahontas,  Va.,  Sept.  20,  1864. 
I  .ieutenant-Colonel  Pattersi  >n  : 

I  desire  that  you  will  lake  200  men  from  the  Second  New  Hampshire  and  Sixteenth  New 
Vork  Heavy  Artillery  and  twenty  mounted  men  of  the  First  U.  S.  Colored  Cavalry,  with  two 
days'  rations  and  forty  rounds  of  ammunition  per  man,  and  embark  at  3  o'clock  to-morrow 
morning  on  the  gunboat  Mosswood  and  a  barge,  which  she  will  take  in  tow.  You  will  then 
proceed  up  the  Chickahominy  to  Hog  Neck  and  disembark  on  the  left  bank  about  ten  miles 
above  the  mouth  of  the  river.  You  will  then  push  into  the  country  some  four  or  five  miles  and 
sweep  down  to  Barrett's  Ferry,  near  the  mouth  of  the  Chickahominy,  gathering  such  horsesr 
mules,  cattle,  and  sheep  as  may  be  useful  to  the  army,  and  taking  along  with  you  such  colored 
men  and  their  families  as  desire  to  come  within  our  lines.  If  you  find  any  considerable  amount 
of  corn  you  may  seize  that  also  if  you  can  find  means  to  transport  it  to  the  boat.  You  are 
required  particularly  to  examine  the  country,  and  especially  along  the  river  for  torpedoes, 
which  it  is  believed  are  concealed  there,  and  to  make  diligent  inquiry  of  all  the  people  whom 
you  may  chance  to  meet  in  relation  to  a  party  of  soldiers  who,  on  the  19th  instant,  came  from 
Richmond  with  torpedoes,  as  it  is  believed.  You  will  not  allow  officers  or  men  to  enter  the 
dwellings  of  the  people  for  the  purpose  of  disturbing  the  occupants,  and  you  wiil  take  no  other 
property  but  animals  and  grain  wbich  will  be  useful  in  subsisting  the  army  and  affording  it 
transportation.  The  Mosswood,  after  you  have  disembarked,  will  drop  down  the  river  to  Bar- 
rett's Ferry,  where  you  will  re-embark  your  command  when  you  deem  that  nothing  useful  can 
be  accomplished  by  prolonging  your  stay.  At  furthest,  you  will  not  remain  absent  more  than 
two  days.  OILMAN  MARSTON,  Brigadier-General. 

Hospital  Steward  William  Clifford. 

Enlisted  in  Company  B,  from  Warren.  Re- 
enlisted,  and  in  January,  1865,  was  appointed 
hospital  steward.     Resides  in  Lowell. 



At  3  o'clock  on  the  morning 
of  the  27  th  the  Second,  with  fifty 
men  of  the  Sixteenth  New  York 
Heavy  Artillery  and  twenty  col- 
ored cavalry,  were  off  according 
to  program.  After  landing,  the 
expedition  was  fortunate  in 
meeting  a  colored  boy  who  was 
perfectly    acquainted     with    that 

Charles  E.  Foster,  Co.  6. 

section  of  the  country.  Taking 
him  along  as  a  guide,  the  force, 
after  a  march  of  ten  miles,  reached 
the  village  of  Centreville,  where  it 
halted  for  dinner,  after  which  it 
[  marched  to  Gum  Springs,  James 
City  County,  and  camped  for  the 
night.  The  next  morning  it 
marched  in  the  direction  of  Bar- 
rett's Ferry,  passing  several  fertile 

Enlisted,   from    Bennington,  at   the    age 
17,  and  served  continuously   from  April,  1861,    farms   well  Stocked   with  Cattle  and 
to  December,     1865.      He    carried    a    musket 

nearly   three   years,  when   he   was   detailed  to    s}ieen  Of     these,      Olie     hundred 

the    Eighteenth  Corps    ambulance  train,   and  ' 

on  the-  consolidation  of  corps  was  made  wagon    anJ  fjfty  were  collected  and  driven 
master  of   the    ambulance  train   of    the    1  hird  ' 

Division,    Twenty-fourth    Corps.        In     1865,    ^Q   tne   ferry     where   the   expedition 
under  (Sen.    Patterson,  he  was    forage  master  -'  ' 

of  the  Sub-district  of  Essex.    He  now  resides  re-embarked  and  arrived  at  Wil- 

in  Manchester. 

son's  Landing  in  the  evening, 
without  loss  or  accident.  General  Marston  complimented  the 
troops  very  highly  for  the  satisfactory  manner  in  which  they  had 
accomplished  the  objects  of  the  expedition,  remarking  that  his 
command  had  captured  their  part  of  the  twenty-five  hundred  head 
of  Vattle  stolen  by  Lee's  cavalry,  a  few  days  before,  below  City 



On  the  morning  of  September  29th,  the  Eighteenth  Corps, 
under  command  of  General  Ord,  achieved  a  signal  success.  Cross- 
ing to  the  north  side  of  the  James  on  the  night  of  the  28th,  it 
pushed  rapidly  forward  to  Chafhn's  farm,  and  gallantly  [assaulted 
and  carried  Battery  Harrison,  the  strongest  and  one  of  the  most 
important  points  in  the  line  of  rebel  defences  north  of  the  river. 
General  Ord  was  wounded,  and  the  command  of  the  corps  fell  to 
General  Weitzel.  General  Stannard,  commanding  the  First  Divis- 
ion, lost  an  arm,  and  Captain  Converse  of  the  Second,  assistant 
provost  marshal  on  Stannard's  staff,  was  wounded  by  a  musket  ball 
in  the  mouth.  General  Marston  was  assigned  to  the  command  of 
the  First  Division,  and  turned  the  command  of  the  Separate  Brigade 
over  to  Lieutenant-Colonel  Patterson  in  the  following  order  : 

Headquarters  Separate  Brigade, 
Fort  Pocahontas.  I 'a.,  Oct.  J,  /So/. 

Special  Orders,  ) 

No.  24.  \ 

In  compliance  with  the  orders  of  the 
major-general  commanding  the  department, 
dated  Oct.  i,  1864,  directing  me  to  turn  over 
my  command  to  my  most  experienced  officer, 
I  hereby  assign  Lieut. -Col.  J.  X.  Patterson, 
Second  Regiment  New  Hampshire  Volun- 
teers, to  the  command  of  the  Separate  Brig- 

In  turning  the  command  over 
to  Lieutenant-Colonel  Patterson 
General  Marston  acted  in  strict 
compliance  with  his  orders, 
although  it  left  Patterson  in 
command  of  officers  who  were 
his  superiors  in  rank — colonels 
of  regiments  in  the  Separate 
Brigade.  These,  however,  took 
the  situation  in  such  good  spirit 
that  there  resulted  none  of  the 
unpleasant  relations  which  might  otherwise  have  been  expected. 

The  Second  Regiment,  also,  was  ordered  to  rejoin  the  Eight- 
eenth Corps  at  its  new  position  north  of  the  James,  and  on  the 
evening  of  October  ist  embarked  under  command  of  Maj.  Cooper, 

Lieut.  George  Stevens,  Co.  H. 

Enlisted  in  Company  A.  Wounded  at  sec- 
ond Bull  Run,  and  severely  at  Gettysburg.  He 
re-enlisted,  and  was  promoted  through  the 
several  grades  to  second  lieutenant  of  Co.  H. 
Now  lives  at  Troy,  N.  H. 



landed  at  Aiken's  Landing,  and  immediately  marched  to  the  front, 
being  assigned  to  the  Third  Brigade  of  the  First  Division,  consisting 
of  the  Twenty-first  Connecticut,   Fortieth   Massachusetts,   Second 

New  Hampshire,  Fifty-eighth 
and  One  Hundred  Eighty-eighth 
Pennsylvania.  Lieutenant-Col. 
Patterson  rejoined  the  regiment 
on  the  14th  of  October,  and  at 
once  took  command  of  the  brig- 
ade, as  ranking  officer  during 
the  temporary  absence  of  Col. 
Guy  V.  Henry,  of  the  Fortieth 

The  Eighteenth  Corps  was 
now  employed  in  strengthening 
its  works-,  in  close  proximity  to 
the  rebel  lines,  and  for  a  time 
no  picket  firing  was  indulged  in. 
Friend  and  foe  were  on  the  best 
of  terms,  papers  were  exchanged, 
and  the  daily  news  received  from 

On  the  27th  of  October,  the 
Eighteenth  Corps  made  a  heavy 
demonstration  against  the  ene- 
my's extreme  left,  the  movement 
being  simultaneous  with  the  Boydton  Plank  Road  (or  Hatcher's 
Run)  operations  of  the  Second  and  Fifth  Corps  at  the  other  end  of 
the  lines,  and  designed  to  give  the  rebels  on  the  north  of  the  James 
so  much  to  look  after  that  they  would  stay  at  home.  Preparatory 
to  the  movement,  on  the  afternoon  of  the  26th,  the  First  Division, 
with  two  brigades  each  from  the  Second  and  Third  Divisions,  and 
two  four-gun  batteries  of  artillery,  were  withdrawn  from  the  works 
and  assembled  on  the  Henry  Cox  farm,  on  the  Varina  road,  some 
distance  to  the  rear  of  Fort  Harrison. 

At  5   o'clock,  sharp,  on  the  following  morning,  the  column  was 
in   motion.     It    passed   in    rear    of,  and    then  beyond,  the    works 

Capt,  Albert  J,  Hanson,  Co,  H. 

The  first  man  to  enlist  from  Somersworth. 
He  re-enlisted,  and  rose  to  the  command  of  his 
company.  At  the  close  of  the  war  he  was 
appointed  provost  marshal  at  Spottsylvania 
Court  House,  Va.  He  went  west  in  1867, 
settling  in  Kansas  City,  Mo.,  where  he  was 
very  successful  in  business,  and  where  he  died 
September  8,  1892. 

If  1L  L  1. 1  MSB  UR  G  R  OAD. 


of  the  Tenth  Corps — the  extreme  right  of  Grant's  infantry  lines — 
along  the  network  of  roads  and  cross-roads  to  the  north,  entering 
the  Williamsburg  road,  about  r  p.  m.,  at  Hooker's  old  position  at 
Fair  Oaks.  None  of  those 
with  Weitzel,  at  the  head  of 
the  column,  were  familiar  with 
the  locality,  and  word  was  sent 
to  Lieutenant-Colonel  Patter- 
son to  come  to  the  front.  He 
knew  the  ground  at  once. 
"This  is  the  Williamsburg 
road,"  he  explained.  "These 
are  Hooker's  old  intrench- 
ments,  and  there  was  the  camp 
of  the  Second  New  Hampshire. 
You  will  find  the  rebel  works 
just  beyond  the  woods,  there." 

Skirmishers  were  at  once 
thrown  out,  and  the  column 
pushed  up  the  Williamsburg 
road  toward  Richmond.  A 
mile  beyond,  the  advance  came 
in  sight  of  the  heavy  works  of 
the  enemy.  They  were  at  this 
time  very  lightly  manned  by  a 
small  force  of  artillery  and  dismounted  cavalry,  which  could  have 
offered  but  slight  resistance  against  an  immediate  assault.  But 
Weitzel,  if  he  was  to  attack  at  all,  took  too  much  time  to  reconnoi- 
ter  and  get  into  position.  It  was  half-past  3  o'clock  before  he  was 
ready  to  attack,  and  in  the  meantime  Field's  division,  sent  up  from 
Ewell's  lines,  with  Gary's  cavalry  brigade,  had  arrived  and  occupied 
the  works. 

It  was  perfectly  apparent,  now,  that  an  assaulting  column  would 
have  a  rough  reception.  "  Will  you  volunteer  to  charge  those 
works  with  your  brigade?"  General  Weitzel  inquired  of  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  Patterson.  Patterson — the  only  officer  on  the  field  who 
remained  mounted  throughout  the   whole  affair — had  been  looking 

Capt.  Frank  W.  Morgan,  Co,  F, 

Enlisted  in  Company  B,  from  Hopkinton.  Pro- 
moted to  corporal  and  sergeant :  re-enlisted,  and 
was  promoted  to  captain  of  Company  F.  Now 
resides  at  Sutton. 



the  ground  over  and  noting  the  filling  up  of  the  rebel  works.  He 
was  well  satisfied  what  the  result  would  be,  and  did  not  propose  to 
share  in  the  responsibility.  "  No,  sir,"  he  promptly  replied,  "  I 
will  not  volunteer,  but  if  you  order  it,  1  will  take  the  brigade  in  and 

we  will  do  the  best  we  can." 
When,  finally,  two  brigades 
(Cullen's  of  the  First  Division, 
and  Fairchild's  of  the  Second), 
assisted  by  the  fire  of  a  batte- 
ry, were  sent  forward,  they  met 
a  bloody  repulse,  losing  heavily 
in  killed  and  wounded,  and 
also  in  prisoners,  who  reached 
a  position  from  which  they 
could  neither  advance  or  re- 
treat. Six  stands  of  colors  were 
lost,  among  the  number  being 
those  of  the  Tenth  New  Hamp- 
shire. In  his  official  report, 
General  Weitzel  says  :  "  I  did 
more  than  I  was  ordered  to 
do.  I  knew  that  my  orders 
were  simply  to  make  a  demon- 
stration. I  probably  made  a 
more  lively  demonstration  than 
was  intended,  but  at  the  same  time  I  did  not  wish  to  march  sixteen 
miles  and  then  come  back  without  finding  out  exactly  what  the 
enemy  had  there." 

The  reported  loss  of  the  Eighteenth  Corps  in  this  movement 
was  over  one  thousand,  of  whom  more  than  six  hundred  were 
''captured  or  missing,"  many  of  the  latter  being  stragglers  who 
subsequently  rejoined  their  commands.  The  Second  Regiment 
had  one  man  wounded — the  only  man  hit  in  the  Third  Brigade. 

During  the  night  the  corps  was  withdrawn  as  far  as  the  Charles 
City  road.  Rain  (which  set  in  about  noon),  the  deep  mud  of  the 
roads,  and  a  night  of  inky  darkness,  made  this  a  most  trying  march, 
and  the  troops  were    badly    scattered.     On   the    28th    they   were 

Capt,  Thomas  E.  Marshall,  Co,  I. 

The  original  second  sergeant  of  Company  G. 
Was  wounded  at  Gettysburg,  re-enlisted,  and 
promoted  to  captain  of  Company  I.  He  resides 
at  Greenville. 

Joab   N.  Patterson, 

Colonel  2d  N.  H.  V.  and  Bvt.  Brig.  Gen. 




returned  to  their  original  positions  in  the  intrenchments.  Lieut. - 
Colonel  Patterson's  report  was  as  follows  : 

1 1  dqrs.  Third  Brig.,  First  Div.,  iSi  h  Army  Corps, 

hi  the  Field.  October  3Q,  1S04. 

Captain:   I  have  the  honor  to  report  the  operations  of  this  brigade  as  follows: 

Broke  camp  on  the  morning  of  the  26th  instant  and  marched  about  one  mile  down  the  Varina 
road,  where  the  troops  formed  in  column  of  regiments,  and  there  rested  for  the  day  and  night. 
Left  this  position  on  the  morning  of  the  27th 
at  5  o'clock,  following  the  Second  Brigade.  ' 
Continued  the  march  till  we  reached  the 
Williamsburg  road,  about  3  p.  m.  Here  the 
brigade  formed  in  close  column  by  divisions 
and  marched  about  half  a  mile  down  the 
road,  when,  by  order  of  the  division  com- 
mander, I  deployed  to  the  right  of  the 
Williamsburg  road,  wfth  the  Second  New 
Hampshire  Volunteers  on  the  right,  extend- 
ing into  the  woods,  with  the  One  Hundred 
and  Eighty-eighth  Pennsylvania  Volunteers 
on  the  left,  resting  on  the  road.  Here  we 
came  under  the  fire  of  the  enemy's  artillery. 
The  Second  Brigade  was  deployed  about  200  j 
yards  in  my  front  in  line  of  battle,  with  the 
First  Brigade  on  their  right.  When  the 
Second  Brigade  moved  forward  I  advanced 
my  line  some  500  yards,  where  I  remained 
till  dark,  when  ordered  to  retire  to  my  for- 
mer position.  Here  fifty  men  from  the 
Second  New  Hampshire  Volunteers  and 
twenty-five  from  the  F'ortieth  Massachusetts 
were  thrown  out  on  picket  and  remained 
until  the  whole  army  retired.  One  hour 
after  received  orders  to  retire  in  silence. 
Arrived  at  White's  tavern,  on  the  Charles 
City  Road,  about  11  p.  m.,  where  my  com- 
mand bivouacked. 

At  daylight  on  the  morning  of  the   28th 
instant  the   brigade   was    formed   in    line   of 

battle  on  the  left  of  the  First  Brigade,  which  rested  with  its  right  on  the  Charles  City  road. 
Here  we  remained  in  line  of  battle  till  noon,  when  I  received  orders  to  return  to  our  old  camp, 
where  we  arrived  about  6  p.  m. 

A  list  of  casualties  I  have  already  forwarded.     Most  of  the  men  reported  missing   fell  out  of 
the  ranks  on  our  return,  from  exhaustion,  and  will  doubtless  soon  rejoin  their  commands. 

The  behavior  of  both  officers  and  men  was  everything  that  their  commander  could  desire. 

I  am,  sir,  &c,  J.  N.  PATTERSON, 

Lieut. -Col.  Second  X.  //.  Vols.,  comdg.  Brigade. 
Capt.  George  A.  Brice. 

Acting  Assistant  Adjutant-General. 

Tuesday,  November  8,  the  legal  voters  in  the  New  Hampshire 
regiments  cast    their  ballots  for    President  of  the  United    States, 
under  the  soldiers'  voting  law  of  the  State,  with  the  following  result, 
by  regiments,  in  the  Army  of  the  James  : 

Henry  L.  Jones,  Co.  G, 

Enlisted  from  Washington,  his  native 
town,  and  died  of  disease  at  Hill  Top,  Md., 
November  14,  1861. 



Second  Regiment,  Lincoln,  65  McClellan,  4 

Tenth  "  14  "         46 

Twelfth  "  "        86  "  39 

Thirteenth     "  "104  "         41 

About  the  middle  of  November    the   Army  of  the   James  was 

reorganized.     The  white  troops  of  the  Tenth  and  Eighteenth  Corps 

were  consolidated,  under  the  style  of  the  Twenty-fourth  Corps,  with 

Major-General  John    Gibbon    in   command ;     and  all   the  colored 

troops  of  the  two  corps  were 
designated  the  Twenty-fifth 
Corps,  under  General  Weitzel. 
The  brigade  to  which  the 
Second  was  attached  became 
the  Third  Brigade,  Third  Di- 
vision, Twenty-fourth  Corps, 
and  Colonel  Guy  V.  Henry 
returned  about  this  time  and 
resumed  command. 

The  brigade  being  held  in 
reserve  in  rear  of  the  corps, 
was  encamped  in  a  favorable 
position,  with  wood  and  water 
in  abundance,  and  every  fa- 
cility for  building  comfortable 
quarters  for  the  winter. 

During  the  season  much 
attention  was  paid  to  compa- 
ny, regimental  and  brigade 
drills.  The  discipline  was 
such  that  the  brigade  was 
ranked  among  the  best  in  the  Army  of  the  James.  Weekly  inspec- 
tions were  instituted  by  the  corps  commander,  at  which  the  best 
regiment  was  excused  from  all  outside  duties  for  a  week,  and  it  was 
ordered  that  the  neatest  soldier  in  the  division  should  receive  a 
twenty  days'  furlough.  At  several  examinations  the  Second  was 
announced  as  the  best  regiment  in  the  brigade,  and  several  mem- 
bers received  furloughs  as  being  the  neatest  and  best  soldiers  in  the 

Abial  A,  Hannaford.  Co,  H. 

Enlisted  from  Manchester,  re-enlisted,  and 
served  to  the  end.  Present  residence,  Worcester, 


MARCH     3     TO     DECEMBER     25,     1865. THE     BRIGADE    ASSIGNED    FOR 






ARCH  3,  1865,  the  brigade,  now  under  com- 
mand of  Brevet  Brigadier-General  Roberts, 
received  orders  to  report  to  Lieutenant-General 
(irant,  for  secret  service.  With  many  regrets 
the  men  packed  their  belongings  and  left  their 
pleasant,  homelike  camp,  on  the  4th.  A  six 
miles'  march,  in  a  drenching  rain  and  through 
mud  knee-deep,  brought  the  command  to 
Deep  Bottom  Landing,  where,  after  a  few 
hours'  wait,  it  embarked  on  transports  to  await 
further  orders — the  Second  Regiment  on  the 
steamer  "  Northerner." 

The  next  day,  at  noon,  the  fleet  arrived  at 
Fort  Monroe.  Thence  the  expedition,  convoyed  by  four  gunboats, 
proceeded  to  the  Rappahannock  river.  AYhen  opposite  the  little 
village  of  Urbanna,  a  few  rebel  cavalry  made  their  appearance  on 
the  bank  of  the  river,  but  were  quickly  dispersed  by  a  six-pounder 
on  one  of  the  gunboats.  On  the  evening  of  the  6th  the  expedition 
anchored  for  the  night  about  six  miles  below  Fredericksburg.  Here 
a  detachment  of  the  First  New  York  Mounted  Rifles  were  landed, 
and  proceeded  to  Hamilton's  Crossing,  about  four  miles  from  the 
city,  to  destroy  the  bridge  of  the  Richmond  and  Fredericksburg 
railroad  and  all  railroad  stock  found  in  the  vicinity,  and  prevent 
any  property  being  sent  off. 



On  the  morning  of  the  7th  the  fleet  steamed  up  to  the  city, 
where  the  troops  quietly  disembarked  and  threw  out  pickets  around 
the  town.  The  brigade  was  so  far  successful  as  to  cut  off  twelve 
cars  loaded  with  tobacco  and  other  Confederate  government  prop- 
erty.    It  also  captured  fifty  mules  and  ten  army  wagons  complete, 

which  were  immediately 
loaded  with  tobacco, 
brought  into  the  city,  and 
put  on  board  the  fleet. 
The  object  of  the  expedition, 
so  far  as  that  locality  was 
concerned,  had  been  suc- 
cessfully accomplished,  with- 
out the  loss  of  a  man,  and 
the  brigade  re-embarked  for 
Fort  Monroe. 

Arriving  at  Fort  Monroe, 
the  captured  stores  were 
unloaded,  and  the  brigade 
awaited  further  orders.  The 
results  of  this  foray  were  so 
satisfactory  that  the  brigade 
was  soon  ordered  on  another 
raid.  On  the  nth  of  March 
the  expedition  sailed  for  the 
Potomac,  and  the  next  morn- 
ing landed  at  Kinsale,  on 
Wicomoco  creek,  for  a  tour 
of  the  neighboring  country. 

Capt.  James  E.  Saunders,  Co.  E, 

Among  Peterborough's  earliest  volunteers, 
enlisting  under  Weston  in  Co.  G.  Took  in  all 
the  battles,  and  re-enlisted.  Passed  through  the 
several  degrees  of  promotion,  and  was  mustered 
out  as  captain  of  Company  E.  He  was  taken 
prisoner  at  second  Bull  Run,  but  escaped  and 
got  back  into  the  Union  lines  inside  of  two  weeks. 
To  his  faculty  for  sketching  we  are  indebted  for 
a  number  of  the  pictures  in  this  work.  His  pres- 
ent P.  O.  address  is  West  Peterborough. 

Six  miles  from  the  landing  they  met  a  force  of  Mosby's  men,  who 
were  then  collecting  in  that  part  of  Virginia  known  as  the  Northern 
Neck,  preparatory  to  the  opening  of  the  campaign.  After  a  slight 
skirmish  they  retreated,  leaving  five  prisoners,  and  having  wounded 
five  of  the  Mounted  Rifles.  The  force  retraced  their  steps  to 
Kinsale  the  same  evening,  bringing  with  them  over  one  hundred 
head  of  cattle  and  sheep.  As  the  troops  had  been  subsisting  on 
salt  pork,  a  change  of  diet  was  now  very  acceptable.     A  sufficient 

MEE  TS  SHERIDAN  A  T  J I  'HITE  BO  USE.         2  6 1 

number  of  the  captured  animals  were  slaughtered,  and  the  air  of 
Kinsale  was  fragrant  that  night  with  the  savory  odors  of  broiling 
beef  and  mutton.  Pickets  were  thrown  out  around  the  landing,  to 
prevent  any  surprise  by  the  enemy  during  the  night  ;  and  before 
daybreak  the  command  embarked  again  for  Fort  Monroe. 

Arriving  off  Point  Lookout,  a  stop  was  made  for  the  purpose  of 
taking  in  water.  Several  officers  of  the  Second  went  ashore,  and 
had  an  opportunity  to  observe  the  many  changes  which  had  taken 
place  since  they  left  there,  a  year  before.  While  here,  a  special 
messenger  arrived  from  General  Grant,  with  orders  to  the  officer  in 
command  of  the  expedition  to  proceed  to  White  House,  on  the 
1'amunky,  to  establish  a  depot  of 
supplies  for  Sheridan's  cavalry, 
which  had  been  riding  rough- 
shod over  the  enemy's  country 
for  the  previous  three  weeks,  and 
was  then  heading  to  join  Grant 
before  Petersburg. 

The  brigade  arrived  at  White 
House  on  the  14th,  and  it  being 
the  day  of  the  New  Hampshire 
election,  the  Second  voted  for 
Members  of  Congress.  Reports 
were  current  that  Longstreet  had 
left  Richmond  to  oppose  Sheri- 
dan's crossing  at  White  House, 
and  a  line  of  intrenchments  was 

thrown    up    immediately  around  ,,..    ,,,,    ,     ,-  „i  ■  *  a 

1  J  Adjutant  Charles   E,  Plaisted. 

the    landing.     With    these,    and         ,-.  „     ,  „,  •     f       D   .       ,, 

o  Entered  the  service,  trom   Portsmouth,  as 

several  gunboats  in  the  river,  no     aPrivate  inf  £°,TpanyuK'   Re-enlisted,  and 

o  was    promoted    through   various    grades  to  be 

anxiety  was  felt    as  tO    the  results        ^Ptain  of  Company  B   but  was  not  mustered. 
J  Was  mustered  out  as  adjutant,  with  the  regi- 

of  an  attack  by  any  force   Lee     ment-   Died  at  p°rtsmouth>  APril  2s,  i874. 
might  be  able  to  send  over.     Great  quantities  of  forage  and  other 
stores  were  accumulated  here  ;     and  a  force  of  mechanics  arrived 
and  set  to  work  repairing  the  railroad  bridge  across  the  Pamunky. 

On  the  evening  of  the  18th  the  approach  of  Sheridan   was  her- 
alded by  the  arrival  of  his  advance  guard  on  the  bank  of  the  river 




£  >  *  1 

■  a 


"'•     ^    V 

77/ [•  Army  Chaplain,  rSbj.  The  Minister  oj  Peace,  iSqj. 

Chaplain  John  W.  Adams. 

For  two  full  years  (with  a  few  days  to  spare)  Rev.  John  Wesley  Adams  served  as  chaplain  of 
the  Second  Regiment.  His  faithful  devotion  to  his  high  calling,  and  his  kindly  care  for  the 
material  interests  and  bodily  welfare  of  the  men  as  well,  won  him  a  place  in  their  respect  and 
affection  not  always  given  to  army  chaplains;  an  appreciation  which,  as  the  hour  of  separation 
approached,  found  spontaneous  expression  in  the  Testimonial  which  appears  on  a  later  page. 
He  was  a  native  of  Townsend,  Mass.,  born  May  23,  1832.  He  is  in  the  seventh  generation  from 
Henry  Adams,  the  ancestor  of  the  presidents.  He  was  educated  in  the  common  schools  of  Law- 
rence, Mass.,  and  was  licensed  to  preach  by  the  Garden  Street  M.  E.  Church  in  1856.  In  1858 
he  joined  the  New  Hampshire  Conference,  and  has  had  a  dozen  or  more  successful  pastorates. 
For  four  years  (1877-80)  he  was  Presiding  Elder  of  the  Concord  District,  and  has  received  at 
the  hands  of  his  conference  other  high  appointments. 

December  5,  1863,  he  was  commissioned  chaplain  of  the  Second  Regiment,  and  remained 
with  it  to  the  end,  always  at  the  front.  Gn  Fast  Day,  June  1,  1865,  he  preached  a  memorial 
sermon  to  his  brigade  on  the  death  of  Abraham  Lincoln,  from  1  Cor.,  iv:9,  "Cast  down,  but 
not  destroyed."  In  July,  1865,  he  inaugurated  a  school  for  colored  children  in  Fredericksburg, 
Va.  He  is  widely  known  as  a  man  of  fine  literary  accomplishments,  his  talents  finding  a  field 
on  the  lecture  platform.  At  the  present  time  (1895)  he  is  pastor  of  the  M.  E.  Church  at 
Methueii,  Mass. 

opposite  White  House,  and  soon  after  his  army  arrived,  with  tired 
men  and  horses.  The  next  morning  they  crossed  the  river,  and 
were  employed  until  the  morning  of  the  24th  in  recuperating,  refit- 
ting, and  preparing  for  a  march  across  country  to  City  Point.  In 
the  meantime  all  the  dismounted  men  of  Sheridan's  cavalry,  with 



Capt.  Edward  D.  Bjan,  Co.  C. 

A  resident  of  Haverhill,  Mass.,  who  enlisted  as  a  private,  was  promoted  to 
corporal,  then  to  sergeant,  re-enlisted,  and  at  the  end  was  captain  of  Company 
C.     Since  the  war  he  has  been  connected  with  the  Lovell  Arms  Co.,  Boston. 

about  two  thousand  contrabands,  were  sent  to  Fort  Monroe  on  the 
transports  which  had  brought  the  expedition  up  on  the  14th,  and 
the  brigade  was  directed  to  accompany  Sheridan  on  his  march  to 
the  James,  and  then  rejoin  the  corps.  The  line  of  march  was  taken 
up,  with  Sheridan's  cavalry  in  the  advance,  on  the  morning  of  the 
24th,  and  that  day  the  brigade  made  a  march  of  fifteen  miles, 
halting  for  the  night  at  Jones'  Bridge,  on  the  Chickahominy.  The 
march  was  resumed  the  next  morning,  passing  through  Charles 
City  Court  House,  and  by  night  the  command  reached  the  lames 
at  Harrison's  Landing. 

On  the  morning  of  the  26th  the  brigade  left  Harrison's  Land- 
ing, and  in  the  evening  reached  its  old  camp  on  Signal  Hill.  It 
found  the  camp  occupied  by  troops  from  the  Twenty- fifth  Corps, 



who  had  been  withdrawn  from  the  front  and  were  under  heavy 
marching  orders.  All  the  troops  in  the  Army  of  the  James  were 
ordered  by  Grant  to  the  left  of  the  lines  at  Petersburg,  excepting 
the  Third  Division  of  the  Twenty-fourth  Corps  and  one  division  of 
the  Twenty-fifth,  which  were  left,  under  command  of  Weitzel,  to 
hold  the  lines  north  of  the  James,  with  orders  to  advance  upon 
Richmond  the  moment  a 

might   be  made  in 


Lee's  lines  before  Peters- 
burg. The  Second  was 
ordered  to  occupy  Signal 
Hill,  where  the  Eighth 
Maine  had  been  in  camp, 
that  regiment  belonging 
to  the  portion  of  the  corps 
sent  to  Petersburg. 

Mighty  events  were 
impending.  Lee's  army 
was  in  its  death  struggle, 
and  the  Confederacy  tot- 
tering to  its  fall.  On  the 
1st  and  2d  of  April  the 
troops  north  of  the  James 
listened  to  the  terrific 
cannonading  around  Pe- 
tersburg, biding  the  time 
for  their  own  advance. 
Spread  out  thin,  to  cover 
the  line  recently  occupied  by  two  full  corps,  the  sharpest  watch  was 
maintained  and  the  greatest  possible  display  made  in  order  to  hold 
Longstreet  from  reinforcing  Lee. 

On  the  night  of  the  2d  every  band  in  the  two  opposing  lines 
was  run  at  full  blast  until  midnight.  News  had  been  received  of 
Grant's  great  successes  on  the  left,  and  before  morning  it  was  more 
than  suspected  that  Richmond  was  being  evacuated.  Heavy  explo- 
sions were  heard,  at  times,  in  the  direction  of  the  rebel  capital,  and 
a  great  and  unusual  light  was  observed  and  reported  by  officers  in 

Sergt,  Alba  C,  Haynes,  Co,  G. 

An  early  recruit,  who  re-enlisted,  and  was  the 
color-sergeant  of  the  regiment  for  the  last  year  and  a 
half  of  its  service.  He  is  now  a  freight  conductor, 
and  resides  at  Lancaster. 



the  signal  tower.  Deserters  also  brought  in  information  that  the 
enemy  were  evacuating  their  positions.  Grant  having  broken  Lee's 
lines  and  forced  him  from  Petersburg,  the  fall  of  Richmond  was 
inevitable.  The  rebel  government  had  already  fled,  and  at  mid- 
night the  defences  north  of  the  James  were  evacuated,  the  troops 
joining  in  the  retreat  which  ended,  six  days  later,  in  the  memorable 
surrender  at  Appomattox  Court  House. 

With  the  very  earliest  morning  light  Weitzel's  alert  pickets 
pushed  forward  over  the  abandoned  rebel  works,  and  by  seven 
o'clock  were  on  the  outskirts  of  the  city.  The  main  column  was 
not  far  behind.  The  scene  was  wild  beyond  description.  The 
destruction  of  government  property  by  the  retreating  troops — the 
gunboats,  arsenals,  and  stores  they  could  not  carry  off — had  not 
ended  there  ;  the  fires  had  extended  until  hundreds  of  dwellings 
and  business  blocks  were  in  flames. 
It  was  a  chaos  of  smoke  and  flame 
and  flying  cinders  that  faced  the 
men  of  the  Second.  But  it  was 
Richmond,  the  goal  of  four  years' 
desires,  which  lay  before  them,  a 
blazing  brand.  "  On  to  Rich- 
mond !  "  had  been  accomplished, 
and  it  had  been  permitted  the 
Second  New  Hampshire  to  be 
among  the  first  to  see  the  rebel 
capital  sitting  in  the  sackcloth  and 
ashes  of  defeat. 

The  Second  encamped  outside 
the  city  for  a  few  days,  when  it 
moved  to  a  more  desirable  loca- 
tion in  one  of  the  forts  overlooking 
the  city.  April  25  th,  the  brigade 
was  ordered  to  cross  the  river  to 
Manchester,  and  encamped  some 
two  miles  from  Richmond,  on  the 
road  leading  to  the  Cumberland  coal  mines.  After  a  few  days 
spent  in  laying  out  camps  and  building  quarters,  drill  and  the  other 
duties  of  the  soldier  were  resumed. 

William  Summers,  Co.  I, 

Fiery,  impulsive,  big  hearted  "Bill." 
Summers.  His  pump  shop,  under  Granite 
Block,  in  Manchester,  was  one  of  the  land- 
marks along  in  the  '50s.  He  came  out  as  a 
recruit  immediately  after  the  first  Bull  Run, 
and  after  serving  three  years  enlisted  in  the 
Veteran  Reserve  Corps.  He  died  Dec. 
31,  1878,  at  Manchester. 



The  ink  was  hardly  dry  upon  the  terms  of  surrender  at  Appo- 
mattox before  orders  were  issued  to  suspend  recruiting,  and  the 
work  of  dismissing  to  their  homes  the  great  army  of  volunteers 
commenced  soon  after.     On  the  21st  of  June  the  Tenth,  Twelfth 

and  Thirteenth  New  Hampshire 
regiments  were  mustered  out  of 
the  United  States  service,  their 
recruits  whose  term  of  service 
would  not  expire  before  Septem- 
ber 30  being  transferred  to  the 
Second :  from  the  Tenth,  118; 
from  the  Twelfth,  87  ;  from  the 
Thirteenth,  58.  These  additions 
raised  the  strength  of  the  Second 
to  about  nine  hundred  men,  per- 
mitting the  muster  of  a  colonel. 
Lieutenant-Colonel  Patterson  was 
at  once  mustered  as  colonel, 
Major  Cooper  as  lieutenant- colo- 
nel, and  Captain  Converse  as 

In  the  meantime  about  one- 
half  of  the  regiments  in  the  Third 
Division  had  been  mustered  out 
of  service,  and  the  remainder  were 
formed  into  two  independent 
brigades,  and  Colonel  Patterson 
was  assigned  to  the  command  of 
the  Second  Brigade.  This  organization  existed  until  July  10th, 
when  the  brigades  were  broken  up  and  the  regiments  assigned 
to  the  several  districts  into  which  Virginia  had  been  divided. 

The  Second  Regiment  left  Richmond  July  10,  for  Fredericks- 
burg, District  of  North  Eastern  Virginia,  commanded  by  General 
Devens.  This  district  was  divided  into  four  sub-districts,  called 
the  sub-districts  of  Fauquier,  Rappahannock,  Essex,  and  Northern 
Neck.  Colonel  Patterson  was  assigned  to  the  command  of  the 
Northern  Neck,  which   embraced  the  counties   of    Ring    George, 

Lieut. -Col.  Levi  N.  Converse. 

Enlisted  from  Marlborough,  and  mustered 
as  a  sergeant  in  Company  A.  He  rose,  step 
by  step,  until  at  Gettysburg  he  commanded 
the  company,  lost  an  arm,  and  was  promoted 
to  captain.  He  went  out  with  the  old  men, 
but  was  re-commissioned  three  days  later: 
appointed  major  May  18,  1865:  lieutenant- 
colonel  Nov.  1,  1865,  upon  the  death  of 
Cooper,  but  was  not  mustered. 



Westmoreland,  Richmond,   Northumberland,   and  Lancaster.     On 

the  14th,  leaving  Companies  A,  F  and  H  as  provost  guard  at  Fred- 

ericksburg,    the    remaining  seven  companies   started   for   Warsaw, 

Richmond  county,  where  the  headquarters  of  the  sub-district  were 

established  ;    and    to    each    of    the 

counties    in    the     sub-district    one 

company  was  sent,  the  commanding 

officer   of   the  company    acting   as 

provost  marshal  of  the  county  and 

assistant  as;ent   of  the   Freedmen's 


August  22,  the  Fifth  Maryland, 
stationed  in  the  sub-district  of  Es- 
sex, was  ordered  to  be  mustered 
out,  and  the  sub-districts  of  Essex 
and  Northern  Neck  to  be  consoli- 
dated and  called  the  sub-district  of 
Essex,  under  command  of  Colonel 
Patterson.  Company  B  was  imme- 
diately sent  to  Stevensville,  King 
and  Queen  county,  and  Companies 
C  and  G  went  to  Tappahannock. 
The  headquarters  of  the  district 
were  still  at  Warsaw,  although  they 
would  have  been  removed  to  Tap- 
pahannock but  for  the  great  amount 
of  sickness  prevailing  among  the 
command  at  Warsaw,  where  a  post 
hospital  had  to  be  established,  under  Surgeon  Stone.  Late  in 
October  the  regiment  lost  one  of  its  most  valued  officers  by  the 
death  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Cooper.  He  was  one  of  the  original 
members,  enlisting  as  a  private  in  Company  B,  and  rose  by  merit 
alone  to  his  rank  at  death. 

Early  in  November  the  headquarters  were  removed  to  Tappa- 
hannock, leaving  Company  E,  with  Lieutenant  Wood  in  command, 
at  Warsaw ;  Company  I,  Captain  Marshall,  at  Westmoreland,  and 
Company  K,  Captain  Locke,  at  Heathsville. 

Lieut, -Col.  John  D.  Cooper. 

Enlisted  from  Concord,  and  was  mus- 
tered as  a  corporal  in  Company  B.  At 
the  second  Bull  Run  he  was  shot  through 
the  lungs,  supposed  mortally,  and  again 
wounded  at  Gettysburg.  His  promotions 
came  along  regularly,  until  he  became 
lieutenant-colonel.  On  the  morning  of 
October  30,  1865,  while  on  his  way  home 
on  leave  of  absence,  he  was  found  in  an 
insensible  condition  in  his  room  at  the 
Maltby  House,  in  Baltimore,  and  died 
soon  after. 



On  Sunday,  November  24th,  the  long-expected  order  for  muster 
out  reached  regimental  headquarters,  and  orders  were  immediately 
forwarded  to  the  commanding  officers  of  the  different  counties  to 
proceed  at  once  with  their  commands  to  Tappahannock.     On  the 

1st  of  December  a  detachment 
of  the  Eleventh  Maine  arrived, 
under  Colonel  Maxfield,  who 
relieved  Colonel  Patterson  of 
the  command  of  the  sub-district. 
The  next  day  the  Second  em- 
barked for  Fredericksburg,  en 
route  to  City  Point  to  be  mus- 
tered out.  On  the  4th,  having 
picked  up  the  three  companies 
on  duty  at  Fredericksburg,  the 
regiment  '  took  cars  for  Rich- 
mond, where  it  arrived  in  the 
evening  and  was  quartered  in 
the  old  Libbey  prison. 

The  regiment  arrived  at  City 
Point  about  noon  on  the  5  th, 
and  from  that  time  until  Decem- 
ber 19  the  officers  were  busily 
engaged  in  making  the  muster 
out  rolls  and  preparing  for  a 
speedy  departure  from  Virginia.  December  19,  the  Second  was 
mustered  out  of  the  United  States  service,  and  the  same  day 
embarked  for  Baltimore  ;  left  Baltimore  on  the  21st,  and  arrived  in 
New  York  the  next  morning ;  at  5  p.  m.  embarked  on  the  "  City  of 
Norwich,"  and  arrived  at  Allyn's  Point  early  the  next  morning.  At 
9  o'clock  in  the  evening  of  December  23d  the  regiment  reached  the 
city  of  Concord,  and  the  men  were  marched  to  the  various  hotels, 
where  supper  was  awaiting  them. 

Monday,  December  25,  the  regiment  was  formally  welcomed 
home  by  the  state  authorities.  It  made  a  parade  through  the 
principal  streets,  escorted  by  the  state  militia  and  veterans  who  had 
once  served  under  its  tattered  banners.    Arriving  opposite  the  state 

Lieut.  Frank  C,  Wasley,  Co.  C. 

Enlisted  from  Manchester,  and  mustered  as 
a  corporal  in  Company  I.  Received  various 
promotions,  to  first  lieutenant,  and  wounded  at 
Gettysburg.  Now  resides  in  Lowell,  and  is 
state  inspector  of  factories  and  public  build- 



house,  after  being  reviewed  by  the  governor,  the  command  halted. 
Speeches  were  made  by  Governor  Frederick  Smyth,  Ex-Governor 
Gilmore,  Adjutant-General  Natt  Head,  Colonel  Walter  Harriman, 
and  Colonel  Peter  Sanborn,  to  which  Colonel  Patterson  responded 
in  a  fitting  manner  in  behalf  of  the  regiment.  Cheers  were  given 
for  and  by  the  regiment,  when  it  shouldered  arms  for  the  last  time 
and  returned  to  "Camp  Gilmore." 

On  Tuesday,  December  26,  the  regiment  was  paid  off,  and 
there  was  nothing  further  to  hold  the  men  together.  They  went 
their  several  ways,  and  the  Second  Regiment  New  Hampshire  Vol- 
unteer Infantry  existed  no  longer  except  in  memory  and  the  history 
of  a  glorious  past. 

The  Three  Guardsmen,      Thirty  Years  After, 

Leonard  E,  Robbins,  Co,  G.  George  W,  Cilley,  Co. 

William  K,  Philbrick,  Co,  H, 



IN  a  Memorial  Day  address  delivered  in  Manchester  in  1891  by 
Gen.  Charles  H.  Bartlett,  one  of  New  Hampshire's  most  gifted 
orators  and  scholars,  he  took  as  his  theme  General  Gilman  Mars- 
ton,  then  recently  deceased.  As  the  most  appreciative  and  finished 
portrayal  of  the  life  and  character  of  the  Second  Regiment's  great 
commander  that  has  yet  appeared,  it  has  been  thought  desirable  to 
preserve  the  major  portion  of  it  in  this  history  of  the  regiment  he 
led.  The  elimination  of  the  eloquent  lines -with  which  the  orator 
approached  his  theme  will  not  detract  from  its  completeness  and 
symmetry ;  nor  will  the  omission  of  incidents  which  have  already 
been  given  in  the  preceding  narrative  : 

"  The  ideal  infantry  soldier  whom  the  genius  of  the  artist  has 
moulded  in  imperishable  bronze,  and  whose  heroic  form  stands  like 
a  sleepless  sentinel  at  the  base  of  yonder  imposing  shaft  which  a 
grateful  city  has  appropriately  reared  in  honor  of  those  of  her  sons 
'  who  gave  their  services  in  the  war  which  preserved  the  union  of 
the  states,'  bears  the  proud  insignia  of  the  Second  New  Hampshire 

"  The  Second  was  the  first  of  the  three-years'  regiments  which 
New  Hampshire  sent  to  the  front,  and  none  other  surpassed  it  in 
length  of  service,  in  hard  blows  given  and  received  and  dangers 
encountered  and  overcome. 

''The  distinguished  citizen,  and  afterwards  no  less  distinguished 
soldier,  who  led  that  regiment  with  bold,  'unfaltering  step  and 
dauntless  courage  to  meet  the  first  impetuous  onset  of  the  exultant 
and  confident  foe,  before  the  black  cloud  of  war  then  rapidly  rising 
and  swiftly  moving  upon  the  national  capital,  had  yet  burst  in  its 
fury,  but  whose  fearful  portend  was  seen  and  felt  and  known  by  all, 
since  last  you  observed  this  honored  anniversary  has  surrendered  at 


the  icy  touch  of  the  last  great  foe  of  man,  and  today  his  honored 
grave  receives  its  first  Memorial  Day  visitation.  Others  did  nobly 
and  well.  Others  deserve  all  that  has  been  or  may  be  spoken  in 
eulogy  of  and  concerning  them.  Others  have  won  fame  and  renown 
which  the  old  Granite  State  will  ever  cherish  in  her  casket  of  price- 
less jewels,  but  no  brave  and  martial  spirit  that  dwells  within  her 
borders  will  be  touched  with  envy,  or  moved  by  jealousy,  as  we 
appropriately  pause  today  to  pay  our  humble  tribute  to  that  gallant 
leader,  your  so  honored  comrade  and  friend,  so  recently  fallen, 
General  Oilman  Marston. 

"Like  you  all,  prior  to  1861,  he  had  trod  the  paths  of  peace.  To 
him,  as  to  you,  war  was  new  and  foreign  to  his  thought,  habit  and 
occupation.  But  the  heroic,  martial  spirit  was  inbred.  Through  a 
long  and  distinguished  ancestral  line  the  fire  and  flame  came  down 
to  his  noble  soul  and  lost  none  of  their  ardor  on  the  way.  His 
ancestors  were  at  home  upon  the  battlefield  and  had  maintained 
the  right  with  the  sword  with  courage  undaunted  and  faith  unfal- 

"Born  on  the  20th  of  August,  181 1,  in  the  quiet,  rural,  agri- 
cultural town  of  Orford,  on  the  banks  of  the  beautiful  Connecticut, 
surrounded  by  natural  scenery  well  calculated  to  inspire  his  youth- 
ful ambition  with  longings  for  greater  opportunity  for  activity  and 
achievements  than  his  native  heath  seemed  to  open  to  him,  he  early 
resolved  to  secure  a  collegiate  education  and  to  launch  his  bark 
upon  the  more  fascinating  but  uncertain  waters  of  professional  life. 

"  He  made  no  mistake  and  he  took  no  risk.  All  the  elements 
essential  to  success  were  happily  blended  in  his  nature.  To  great 
natural  capacity  and  brain  power,  developed,  enriched  and  fortified 
by  the  discipline  and  culture  of  an  early  classical  education,  he 
added  indomitable  pluck,  tireless  industry  and  honesty  of  character 
and  purpose,  and  in  the  pathway  of  this  combination  success  never 
trails  her  banner. 

"Graduating  from  Dartmouth  College  in  1837,  admitted  to  the 
bar  in  1841,  we  find  him  selecting  the  thriving,  beautiful  and 
important  town  of  Exeter  as  his  future  home  and  the  arena  for  his 
professional  contests.  How  quickly  he  won  the  confidence  and 
favor  of   the   new  community  to   which   he  came   a    stranger    and 


unheralded  is  shown  by  the  fact  that  in  1845,  6  and  7  he  repre- 
sented that  town  in  the  legislature,  and  in  1850  was  chosen  a 
member  of  the  constitutional  convention. 

"  In  the  meantime  his  professional  career  had  been  marked 
with  great  brilliancy  and  success,  and  the  young  stranger  soon 
found  himself  the  peer  of  the  greatest  and  best  at  a  bar  widely 
famed  for  the  great  learning  and  eloquence  of  its  leaders. 

"In  1859  he  was  elected  to  congress,  and  there  the  war  of  the 
great  rebellion  found  him,  absorbed  in  the  duties  of  his  high  office, 
with  every  impulse  of  his  soul  responsive  to  his  country's  claims 
upon  him  in  the  hour  of  her  supreme  peril.  His  contact,  upon 
entering  congress,  with  the  moulders  of  public  sentiment  in  the 
south,  quickly  convinced  him  that  the  threatened  rupture  was  inev- 
itable, that  nothing  could  stay  the  pride  and  arrogance  of  southern 
chivalry  save  only  the  strong  arm  of  the  federal  government, 
asserted  with  all  the  force  and  power  which  its  vast  resources  could 
command.  So,  forecasting  the  crisis,  he  saw  his  own  path  of  duty 
clear,  and  when  the  storm  burst  his  sword  was  already  drawn  to 
meet  its  initial  blow.  After  the  inauguration  of  Lincoln  and  before 
the  advance  guard  of  the  great  loyal  uprising  of  the  north  could 
organize,  equip  and  march  to  the  rescue  of  the  national  capital, 
whose  atmosphere  was  lurid  and  hot  with  the  breath  of  treason,  and 
tremulous  with  the  mutterings  of  secession,  General  Marston  was 
found  enrolled  in  the  Cassius  M.  Clay  Battalion  for  the  defense  of 
Washington.  Did  he  follow  the  bugle  call  and  the  drum  beat? 
No  ;  he  led  them.  Before  the  reveille  or  the  tattoo,  before  the 
advent  of  the  picket  guard  or  sentinel,  Oilman  Marston  had  sought 
the  post  of  danger  and  awaited  their  coming. 

"  Although  a  representative  in  congress  at  the  outbreak  of  the 
rebellion,  he  nevertheless  saw  in  that  fact  no  impediment  to  mili- 
tary service,  and  he  accepted  the  colonelcy  of  the  Second  regiment 
with  alacrity,  and  devoted  himself  with  tireless  energy  and  unbounded 
enthusiasm  to  its  preparation  for  active  duty,  and  in  a  remarkably 
brief  space  of  time,  considering  the  work  to  be  accomplished  and 
the  inexperience  on  every  hand  in  all  matters  pertaining  to  military 
affairs,  he  led  it  forth  amidst  the  applauding  shouts  of  a  people 
aroused  as  never  before  to  a  sense  of  national  danger,  and  inspired 

OILMAN  MARS  TON.  2  7  3 

with  a  patriotism  as  ardent  and  lofty  as  the  situation  was  grave  and 

"  Thus  was  the  Second  regiment  recruited,  organized,  equipped 
and  mustered  in  the  early  gray  of  the  morning  of  war.  The 
breathless  suspense  that  precedes  the  bursting  of  the  storm  was  on 
the  land.  Fear  and  hope,  doubt  and  confidence,  alternated  in  the 
public  mind  as  it  contemplated,  first  the  magnitude  of  the  threat- 
ened revolt,  and  then  turned  to  the  apparently  resistless  ardor  and 
enthusiasm  and  boundless  resources  of  the  loyal  north. 

"  Can  a  rebellion  of  such  magnitude,  involving  so  many  states, 
so  extensive  an  area  of  country,  so  numerous,  so  brave  and  heroic  a 
people,  be  suppressed  even  by  the  strong  arm  of  the  national 
government?  was  a  question  everywhere  propounded.  History  was 
searched,  and  searched  in  vain,  for  an  assuring  response.  The  past 
offered  no  consolation.  A  new  precedent  had  to  be  established,., 
and  General  Marston  and  the  men  who  swarmed  about  him  were 
the  type  of  manhood  to  establish  it. 

"That  this  regiment  should  receive  a  continuous  ovation  on  its- 
iournev  throuarh  the  loval  states  to  the  scene  of  threatened  hostili- 
ties,  was  to  be  expected  in  the  then  excited  condition  of  the 
country,  and  was  the  common  experience  of  the  early  regiments 
which  constituted  the  advance  of  the  loyal  armies.  Banquets  and 
flag  presentations  were  the  order  of  the  day  at  the  populous  centers - 
through  which  they  passed. 

"  We  should  do  great  violence  to  the  memory  of  the  noble  dead^ 
whose  name  we  seek  to  honor  did  we  not  here  pause  for  at  least 
brief  mention  of  that  famous  regiment,  at  whose  head  he  received 
his  first  baptism  of  fire  and  blood  on  the  fated  field  of  Bull  Run, 
and  whose  fortunes  he  shared  in  the  early  stages  of  the  war,  and 
until  called  to  assume  more  responsible  duties  on  a  broader  field  of 
action.  That  he  should  ever  regard  it  with  even  more  than  pater- 
nal pride  and  affection,  was  but  the  natural  sequence  of  his  official 
relationship  to  it,  and  his  thorough  appreciation  of  the  splendid 
soldierly  material  of  which  it  was  composed,  and  which  he  had  so 
often  seen  tried  and  tested  in  the  terrible  crucible  of  war. 

"To  say  that  it  was  highly  distinguished  in  the  personnel  of  its 
membership,  is  but  to  repeat  familiar  history.     To  say  that  it  was 

274  $£  COND  NE  W  HAMPSHIRE . 

equally  distinguished  for  the  hard  and  solemn  work  done,  is  but  to 
say  anew  what  all  who  ever  touched  shoulder  with  it  in  battle  array 
have  ever  and  always  most  generously  said  of  and  concerning  it. 

"  No  officer  ever  led  it  in  battle  who  did  not  sanctify  some 
field  of  carnage  with  his  own  blood,  while  the  names  of  those  who 
fell  in  the  ranks,  at  the  post  of  duty  and  danger,  would  make  a 
catalogue  too  long  for  recital  here.  The  score  of  battlefields  upon 
which  it  left  its  dead  tell  the  story  of  the  Army  of  the  Potomac, 
from  Bull  Run  to  Appomattox.  What  it  did,  how  it  fared,  may  be 
judged  of  by  one  battlefield  alone — Gettysburg — where  out  of 
twenty-four  officers,  eighteen  were  killed  or  wounded,  and  of  the 
privates,  three  out  of  every  five  went  down  in  death,  or  suffered 
mutilation  more  or  less  severe. 

"  An  historian  who  has  told  something  of  its  story  has  thus 
epitomized  its  salient  points  :  '  The  roll  of  the  Second  regiment 
during  its  organization  contained  more  than  three  thousand  names. 
Every  regiment  but  two  from  the  state  was  supplied,  in  part,  with 
officers  from  its  ranks  ;  and  more  than  thirty  regiments  in  the  field 
had  upon  their  rosters  names  of  men  who  were  once  identified  with 
it.  It  marched  more  than  six  thousand  miles,  participated  in  more 
than  twenty  pitched  battles,  and  lost  in  action  upwards  of  one 
thousand  men.' 

"  No  words  of  mine  can  be  so  eloquent  as  this  plain,  simple 
recital  of  work  done  and  dangers  confronted.  No  orator,  poet  or 
painter  can  approximate  the  terrible  reality  of  the  cold  and  solemn 

"The  age  of  General  Marston  at  the  time  of  his  military  career 
is  worthy  of  our  consideration.  The  successful  soldiers  of  the  war, 
as  a  rule,  were  young  men.  The  adage,  '  Old  men  for  counsel  and 
young  men  for  war,'  grew  out  of  the  experience  of  mankind,  and 
accords  with  the  natural  adaptation  of  man  to  his  life  work.  The 
first  year  of  the  war  found  General  Marston  turning  the  milestone 
which  marks  a  half-century  in  the  pathway  of  life,  a  period  when 
the  question  of  physical  endurance  and  hardihood,  such  as  the 
exigencies  of  war  imperatively  demand,  becomes  one  of  deep  con- 
cern and  solicitude  to  one  who  would  bear  a  part  in  its  privations 
and  hardships. 



Lieut,  Sylvester  Rogers,  Co,  G, 

His  home  was  at  Nashua  when  the  war  com- 
menced, but  he  was  studying  medicine  with  Doctor 
Tubbs,  at  Peterborough.  He  was  one  of  the  first  to 
enlist  under  Captain  Weston,  for  whom  he  acted  as 
medical  examiner  of  the  recruits.  On  the  reorgani- 
zation of  the  regiment  he  was  appointed  second 
lieutenant,  promoted  to  first,  and  was  killed  at  Bull 
Run,  August  29, 1862,  under  circumstances  narrated 
on  page  133. 

"  Grant  was  but  thirty-nine,  Sherman  forty-one,  and  Sheridan 
thirty.  Wellington  fought  his  last  battle  at  forty-six.  Washington 
received  his  commission  as  commander-in-chief  of  the  armies  of 
the  revolution  at  forty-three,  and  Napoleon's  victories  and  defeats 
ended  at  Waterloo  at  the  age  of  forty-five  ;  while  Alexander  the 
Great  was  sighing  at  thirty  for  more  worlds  to  conquer. 

"  General  Marston  not  only  had  his  battles  to  fight,  but  the  art 
of  war  to  learn  after  his  half  century  of  active  life  in  the  pursuits  of 
peace.  The  fires  of  youth  no  longer  coursed  in  his  veins,  but  the 
flame  was  in  his  soul,  and  the  man  whose  sun  was  far  advanced  in 
the  afternoon  of  life,  turned  to  the  appropriate  work  of  youth  and 
early  manhood  with  an  ardor,  zeal,  impetuosity  and  dash  equaled 
by  few,  excelled  bv  none. 


"  He  soon,  however,  had  the  opportunity  to  test  his  powers  of 
physical  endurance,  for  in  the  first  great  engagement  of  the  war,  at 
Bull  Run,  he  was  struck  by  a  rifle  ball,  which  so  shattered  his  right 
arm  as  to  make  amputation  necessary  in  the  judgment  of  his 
surgeon,  but  which  was  saved  by  his  own  courage  and  bravery  in 
refusing  to  submit  to  the  operation,  preferring  to  face  the  alterna- 
tive of  death  rather  than  to  submit  to  the  mutilation  proposed. 
The  sequel  proved  the  correctness  of  his  judgment  and  the  value  of 
his  courage,  for  thereby  his  good  right  arm  was  saved  to  him  and 
thereafter  served  him  well. 

"  In  this  engagement  General  Marston  had  ample  opportunity 
to  test  the  quality  of  his  courage,  and  he  improved  it  to  its  utmost. 
He  was  not  disappointed  in  himself,  for  he  found  his  nerve  the 
same  in  the  presence  of  the  terrible  reality  of  war  as  in  safe  and 
distant  contemplation  ;  and  no  sooner  was  his  crushed  and  broken 
arm  made  endurable  by  temporary  adjustment  than  he  again  sought 
the  front  to  lead  his  regiment  to  fresh  assaults  and  to  share  with  it 
the  further  perils  of  that  eventful  and  disastrous  day. 

"  The  brief  moment  allotted  to  this  part  of  the  exercises  of  the 
day  will  not  permit  a  recital  in  detail  of  the  part  taken  by  General 
Marston  in  that  long  and  sanguinary  conflict,  but  compel  us  to 
notice  only  a  few  salient  features  which  serve  to  illustrate  the  char- 
acter which  it  is  our  privilege  and  pleasure  to  contemplate. 

"  The  soldierly  qualities  so  conspicuously  displayed  at  Bull  Run 
were  no  less  marked  and  manifest  on  every  field  of  conflict  on 
which  he  faced  the  deadly  perils  of  war.  At  Yorktown,  Williams- 
burg, Drewry's  Bluff,  Fair  Oaks,  Cold  Harbor,  Malvern  Hill, 
Fredericksburg,  or  wherever  engaged,  he  was  the  same  daring, 
intrepid,  fearless  soldier. 

"  And  yet  he  was  perfectly  oblivious  to  the  fame  and  glory  which 
ever  reward  heroic  deeds.  Popular  applause,  so  much  sought,  so 
highly  prized,  to  his  ear  had  neither  sweetness  nor  charm.  Fame, 
popularity,  renown,  the  so  common  objects  of  ambition,  weighed 
nothing  by  his  standard  of  values. 

"  Between  congress  and  the  army  he  divided  his  services  as  he 
deemed  most  useful  to  his  country.  When  there  was  fighting  at  the 
front  he  was  there,  equipped  for  the  fray,  but  when  the  campaign 


was  over  for  the  season  and  military  movements  were  at  an  end,  he 
left  to  others  the  monotony  of  the  camp  and  the  quiet  of  the  winter 
quarters,  and  gave  to  his  state  and  country,  in  the  halls  of  congress, 
the  best  of  his  noble  heart  and  brain. 

"  His  indifference  to  promotion  and  personal  advancement  in 
the  service  is  shown  in  the  fact  that,  although  promoted  to  briga- 
dier-general in  the  fall  of  1862,  he  did  not  accept  the  much-coveted 
honor  among  men  of  political  aspirations  until  the  spring  of  1863. 
But  for  this  indifference  and  even  positive  aversion  to  the  notoriety 
and  conspicuousness  inseparably  incident  to  high  military  authority 
in  active  service,  it  is  fair  to  assume  that  General  Marston  would 
have  been  advanced  to  much  higher  rank  and  command  than  that 
with  which  he  was  content. 

"  No  blood  was  needlessly  shed,  no  human  life  uselessly  sacri- 
ficed by  any  order  or  command  of  his  to  add  a  laurel  to  his  brow 
or  broaden  his  fame.  The  blows  he  struck  were  blows  against  the 
confederacy  and  for  his  country.  To  that  end,  and  that  alone,  he 
consecrated  every  energy  of  his  soul.  Nowhere  in  this  broad  land 
on  this  Memorial  Day  have  flowers  been  dropped  upon  a  grave 
whose  occupant  lost  his  life  in  any  movement,  any  part  of  the 
motive  behind  which  was  the  aggrandizement  of  the  name  of  Oilman 

"Upon  accepting  promotion  to  brigadier-general  he  was 
assigned  to  the  command  of  the  District  of  St.  Mary's,  embracing 
an  extensive  camp  of  rebel  prisoners,  the  proximity  of  which  to  the 
contending  armies  rendered  it  of  great  importance  and  its  command 
one  of  grave  responsibility.  Three  New  Hampshire  regiments,  the 
Second,  Fifth  and  Twelfth,  a  regiment  of  colored  troops,  one  full 
battery  of  artillery,  two  companies  of  United  States  cavalry  and 
several  gunboats  constituted  this  important  command. 

"This  guard  and  provost  duty  was  well  and  conscientiously 
done,  but  it  was  not  the  work  for  General  Marston's  hand,  and  no 
more  cheering  or  grateful  words  fell  upon  his  ear  during  those  long 
and  dark  four  years  of  war  than  those  in  which  General  Butler 
announced  to  him  that  his  work  in  that  line  was  done,  and  hence- 
forth the  longing  of  his  soul  should  be  gratified  by  active  service  at 
the  front. 



Smith  A.  Whitfield,  Co.  I. 

Born  in  Francestown.  Was  wounded  at  Wil- 
liamsburg, May  5,  1862.  The  following  August 
he  was  appointed  captain  in  the  Ninth  N.  H.  and 
was  wounded  at  Antietam.  Oct.  15,  1864,  he  was 
commissioned  lieutenant-colonel  of  the  123d  U.  S. 
C.  T.,  and  was  mustered  out  Oct.  16,  1865.  He 
has  attained  high  distinction  in  civil  life.  For 
several  years  he  was  connected  with  the  Interna! 
Revenue  service:  later,  postmaster  at  Cincin- 
nati; and  under  President  Harrison  was  First 
Assistant  Postmaster  General.  He  is  now  in 
business  in  Chicago. 

"On  the  1  st  day  of  May,  1864,  he  assumed  command  of  the 
First  Brigade  of  the  First  Division  of  the  Fighteenth  Army  Corps^ 
then  in  the  Army  of  the  James,  and  subsequently  he  was  transferred 
to  the  First  Brigade,  Third  Division  of  the  Tenth  Corps.  His 
services  and  achievements  in  these  commands  are  matters  of  familiar 
history,  and  there  today  we  must  leave  them.  The  record  is  safe, 
and  will  be  sacredly  and  reverently  cherished  by  a  grateful  people 
so  long  as  valor  and  patriotism  are  cultivated  among  men,  and 
unselfish  devotion  to  liberty  and  country  is  counted  among  human 

"A  striking  characteristic  of  General  Marston,  as  developed  in 
his  military  service,  was  his  sublime,  unflinching  courage.  A  dis- 
tinguished citizen  of  our  state,  himself  not  wanting  in  this  noble 
quality,  once  said  that  if  he  could  ask  but  one  favor  of  the  Almighty 


and  have  it  granted,  he  would  pray  God  to  annihilate  his  fears. 
Oilman  Marston  had  little  occasion  to  breathe  a  prayer  of  this 
import.  The  spark  which  his  keen  blade  struck  from  the  steel  of  a 
worthy  foe  never  kindled  terror  in  his  breast.  In  his  noble  and 
more  than  Roman  form  and  spirit,  fear  had  no  place.  And  yet  his 
courage  was  not  of  that  brute  and  animal  kind,  born  of  insensibility 
to  the  presence  of  danger,  but  of  that  highest  and  noblest  type  of 
courage,  which  with  every  faculty  awake  and  keenly  alive  to  the 
presence  of  danger,  yet  courts  it  as  the  mountain  peak  courts  the 
coming  storm. 

"  What  better  illustration  is  furnished  of  this  noble  quality,  in 
all  the  annals  of  war,  than  the  example  of  General  Marston  at  the 
battle  of  Drewry's  Bluff.  In  his  brigade  was  a  regiment  that  had 
never  before  been  under  fire.  The  storm  of  battle  was  bursting 
over  the  parapet,  behind  which  his  command  was  stationed,  and 
shot  and  shell  were  falling  in  their  ranks.  A  terrific  onslaught  had 
been  repelled  and  another  was  impending.  Under  the  terrible 
nerve  strain  the  raw  troops  wavered,  and  their  lines  showed  that  a 
panic  was  imminent.  The  colonel  commanding  went  to  General 
Marston  in  great  distress  and  informed  him  of  the  situation.  He 
knew  that  if  his  regiment  broke  he  was  disgraced.  The  general  saw 
the  danger  of  such  an  example  and  instantly  resolved  to  reassure 
and  give  confidence  to  the  wavering  line.  Taking  his  field  glass  in 
hand,  in  full  view  of  his  brigade,,  he  deliberately  ascended  the 
parapet  in  full  exposure  of  the  enemy's  shot,  and  slowly  walked  its 
entire  length,  pausing  occasionally  to  survey  the  enemy's  move- 
ments through  his  glass,  and  then  as  deliberately  descending,  passed 
in  front  of  the  untried  troops,  speaking  words  of  cheer  and  confi- 
dence as  he  did  so.  The  panic  was  averted,  and  the  force  of  heroic 
example  put  fear  to  shame  and  not  a  man  faltered  when  the  crisis 

"Another  no  less  striking  and  marked  characteristic  was  his 
ardent,  lofty  patriotism,  coupled  with  a  spirit  of  self-sacrifice  and 
personal  abnegation  which  the  youth  of  this  land  may  well  ponder 
as  a  model  worthy  of  all  imitation.  Had  he  been  solicitous  for 
personal  advantage,  he  would  have  rendered,  either  in  the  army  or 
in  congress,  that  continuous,  unbroken  service  so  essential  to  the 


best  results  in  the  line  of  self  interest,  but  to  this  aspect  of  the 
matter  he  gave  no  care  or  thought,  but  alternated  between  the  two 
as  he  saw  his  opportunity  to  render  the  most  effective  service  to  his 

"  What  more  beautiful  or  striking  example  of  this  characteristic 
is  furnished  in  all  history  than  General  Marston  has  given  us  in  his 
answer  to  the  solicitations  of  a  personal  and  political  friend  to 
obtain  a  brief  leave  of  absence  and  visit  New  Hampshire  at  a  time 
when  his  personal  appearance  among  his  constituents  was  deemed, 
by  those  upon  whose  judgment  he  relied,  to  be  highly  essential  to 
his  personal  interests,  and  at  a  time,  too,  when  he  was  sure  to  be 
received  with  all  the  demonstration  and  consideration  so  flattering 
to  the  pride  and  grateful  to  the  feelings  of  one  who  had  a  right  to 
feel  that  he  had  dearly  earned  his  distinction.  Did  he  listen  to  the 
solicitations  of  personal  friendship?  Did  he  do  what  is  so  human — 
weigh  his  own  interests  and  fortune  in  the  balance?  Did  he  take 
an  hour  from  his  country  and  give  it  to  himself?  No.  Listen  to 
his  answer,  and  tell  me  whether  we  do  well  to  honor  his  name 
today  : 

"  'You  ask  me  why  I  do  not  obtain  leave  of  absence.  How  can 
I  ?  I  am  well  enough,  and  the  enemy  is  in  sight.  I  have  been 
listening  all  day  for  the  sound  of  his  guns.  Horses  saddled  contin- 
ually. How  is  one  to  ask  for  leave?  Could  n't  take  it  if  it  was 
offered.  I  have  a  fine  division  and  intend  to  fight  the  first  oppor- 

"  There  is  a  soldier  born,  not  bred.  No  culture  of  the  school, 
no  discipline  of  the  camp,  can  create  such  a  spirit.  Bound  to  the 
post  of  duty  by  cords  he  could  not  sever,  by  a  charm  whose  magic 
spell  he  could  not  break.  '  The  enemy  is  in  sight ! '  His  whole 
soul  was  ablaze  with  the  unquenchable  fire  of  patriotic  emotion. 
Restive  under  restraint,  impatient  at  delay,  he  '  had  listened  all  day 
for  the  sound  of  the  enemy's  guns.'  Thoughts  of  home,  selfish 
interests,  personal  ambitions — these  were  all  rank  treason  in  that 
sublime  hour  of  the  soul's  revelry  in  the  highest,  noblest  and  loftiest 
impulses  that  ever  thrilled  the  human  breast. 

"  What  a  picture  is  here  for  some  genius  in  art  to  spread  upon 


Surgeon  William  P.  Stone, 

Doctor  Stone  was  a  physician  of  ripe  years  and 
experience,  in  practice  at  Danbury,  who  joined  the 
regiment  as  assistant-surgeon  in  October,  1862. 
He  was  mustered  out  with  the  original  members, 
in  June,  1864,  but  was  re-commissioned,  as  sur- 
geon, in  July,  rejoined  the  regiment  in  August, 
and  remained  with  it  until  the  final  muster  out. 
He  died  at  Danbury  in  1872. 

canvas  as  an  object  lesson  for  the  gaze  of  the  generations  of  youth 
who  may  come  after  him  in  this  fair  land.  Call  up,  if  you  will,  the 
canonized  names  in  history's  catalogue  of  patriots  and  heroes,  and 
who  among  them  all,  by  word  or  deed,  in  all  the  essentials  of 
patriotism  and  heroism,  has  surpassed  this  true,  noble  and  heroic 
man  of  the  old  Granite  State  ? 

"  General  Marston  was  kind  to  his  men  and  most  considerate  of 
their  welfare.  Their  comfort,  health  and  safety  were  ever  to  him 
objects  of  constant  and  deep  solicitude,  and  nothing  that  he  could 
do  to  serve  them  in  these  directions  was  neglected  or  left  undone. 
The  violation  of  some  technical  rule  of  military  discipline  by  men 
all  their  lives  unaccustomed  to  restraint  upon  their  freedom  of 
speech  or  action,  was  not  considered  by  him  as  an  offense  meriting 
very  condign  punishment,  especially  when  prompted  by  no  criminal 
or  disloyal  intent  or  spirit. 


"General  Marston  resigned  his  military  commission,  took  up 
the  broken  thread  of  his  professional  practice  where  he  left  it  at 
war's  first  alarm,  and  henceforth  devoted  himself  with  unabated 
zeal  to  his  congenial  life  work,  interrupted  only  by  such  public 
duties  as  his  fellow  citizens  were  pleased  to  impose  upon  him. 

"  The  services  of  General  Marston  as  legislator  and  statesman 
must  be  left  to  others  and  other  occasions.  That  they  were  valuable 
to  his  state  and  country  and  distinguished  for  great  learning,  ability 
and  wisdom,  all  know.  And  they  closed  not  until  in  the  fulness  of 
his  years,  he  laid  down  the  burdens  of  life. 

"A  huge  granite  bowlder,  in  form  and  finish  as  it  came  from  the 
moulding  palm  of  the  divine  architect,  emblematical  of  the  rugged 
and  sterling  virtues  of  this  true  and  unique  son  of  nature,  with  plain 
and  simple  inscription,  fitly  marks  the  spot  to  which  the  footsteps, 
not  only  of  the  present,  but  of  future  generations,  will  turn  in 
reverent  contemplation  of  a  character  which  so  forcefully  and  so 
beautifully  illustrates  the  best  and  noblest  characteristics  of  modern 

But  little  need  be  added  to  the  above  to  give  a  complete  outline 
of  the  public  career  of  Gilman  Marston.  Upon  the  death  of  Sen- 
ator Pike,  he  was  appointed  by  Governor  Sawyer  to  serve  until  the 
legislature  could  fill  the  vacancy.  In  this  way  was  fulfilled  his  well 
known  ambition  to  hold  a  seat  in  the  United  States  Senate — an 
ambition  which  probably  could  not  have  been  gratified  in  any  other 
manner.  Though  a  giant  and  leader  among  men,  he  was  but  a 
helpless  infant  in  the  whirl  of  political  intrigue  and  manipulation. 

Year  after  year  he  came  up  to  Concord  as  a  representative 
in  the  legislature  from  Exeter,  and  was  the  acknowledged  leader  of 
successive  houses.  The  room  of  the  Judiciary  Committee — of 
which  he  was  chairman — was  his  castle,  and  upon  its  walls  hangs 
the  most  satisfactory  picture  extant  of  the  old  hero  in  his  later 
years.  The  picture  forming  the  frontispiece  of  this  volume  is  from 
a  photograph  taken  about  the  time  of  his  entering  upon  the  com- 
mand of  the  Second,  and  was  selected  by  his  law  partner  and 
executor,  Attorney-General  Edwin  G.  Eastman,  as  all  in  all, 
notwithstanding  the  civilian  garb,  the  best  picture  of  him  at  the 
time  of  his  military  service. 



He  died  in  Exeter,  July  3, 1890  ;  and  in  all  the  great  concourse 
of  people  who  gathered  at  his  funeral  there  were  none  who  brought 
a  keener  sorrow  than  the  gray-haired  "boys  "  of  his  old  regiment, 
who  came  from  near  and  from  far  to  follow  for  the  last  time  one 
who  had  been  to  them  more  than  a  leader.  Their  work  was  not 
completed  until,  in  remembrance  of  a  preference  he  had  sometime 
expressed  as  to  the  marking  of  his  last  resting  place,  they  had 
procured  and  placed  in  position  the  granite  bowlder  which  tells 
where  Oilman  Marston  rests.  After  long  search  a  satisfactory  stone 
was  found,  far  away,  in  Cheshire  County,  symmetrical  in  propor- 
tions, beautiful  in  texture,  and  without  a  flaw,  upon  which  is 
chiseled  the  simple  inscription  : 



Marston's  Monument, 





Francis  S.  Fiske. 

FRANCIS  S.  FISKE,  a  son  of  Phineas  and  Isabella  Redington 
Fiske,  was  born  in  Keene,  New  Hampshire,  on  the  ninth 
day  of  November,  1825.  He  entered  Dartmouth  College  at  the 
age  of  thirteen,  and  was  graduated  from  that  institution  in  1843. 
Three  years  later,  he  took  a  degree  at  the  Harvard  Law  School. 

After  practicing  his  profession  for  a  few  years  in  his  native  town, 
he  traveled  extensively  in  Europe  and  Asia.  In  1857  and '58  he 
was  a  member  of  the  New  Hampshire  legislature.  Later,  he  was 
the  Washington  correspondent  of  the  New  York  Evening  Post,  and 
about  1 860  he  published  a  volume  on  the  great  speculative  schemes 
of  the  XVIIIth  Century,  entitled  "Law  and  the  Mississippi  Bubble." 

At  an  early  age  he  joined  the  militia  of  the  state,  serving  as  aide 
to'  the  governor  and  as  captain  of  the  Keene  Light  Infantry.  This 
was  one  of  the  most  famous  companies  in  the  state.  When  under 
command  of  Mr.  Fiske's  father-in-law — General  James  Wilson — it 
won  especial  praise  from  President  Andrew  Jackson  at  a  reception 
held  in  his  honor  at  Concord,  about  1824.  This  company  always 
maintained  its  reputation,  until  it  was  disbanded  with  all  the  inde- 
pendent companies  of  the  state. 

On  the  1 6th  day  of  April,  1861,  after  reading  the  message  of 
President  Lincoln  calling  for  troops,  Mr.  Fiske  wrote  on  the  instant 
to  the  Governor  of  New  Hampshire,  offering  his  services  to  his 
state  in  any  capacity,  in  defense  of  the  Union.  The  next  day  a 
commission  to  raise  troops  in  the  western  part  of  the  state  was 
brought  to  him  by  Thomas  L.  Tulloch,  Secretary  of  State  for  New 


Hampshire.  During  this  interview  Mr.  Tulloch  mentioned  that 
Governor  Goodwin  had  just  told  him  that  Mr.  Fiske's  offer  of 
services  was  the  first  received  by  him.  Mr.  Fiske  did  not  under- 
stand, however,  that  others  might  not  have  enlisted  before  his  offer 
reached  the  governor. 

The  next  day  Mr.  Fiske  left  Boston,  where  he  was  just  estab- 
lishing himself  in  business,  and  returned  to  Keene.  Within  one 
week,  six  companies  had  been  formed,  four  of  which  had  gone  into 
camp  at  Portsmouth.  Mr.  Fiske  was  appointed  lieutenant-colonel 
of  the  Second  Regiment,  and  was  actively  engaged  in  drilling  the 
recruits  when  the  order  came  suspending  the  three  months' 
enlistments  and  calling  for  volunteers  for  three  years.  He  at  once 
volunteered  for  three  years  and  was  commissioned  lieutenant- 
colonel  of  the  regiment.  In  this  position  he  was  with  the  regiment, 
without  a  day's  interruption,  for  the  first  seven  months  of  its 

After  Colonel  Marston  was  wounded,  early  in  the  first  battle  of 
Bull  Run,  Lieutenant-Colonel  Fiske  was  in  command  of  the  regi- 
ment, which  came  off  that  field  with  unbroken  ranks,  and  with  all 
the  wagons  taken  onto  the  field.  He  remained  in  command  of  the 
regiment  until  the  following  November,  when  he  was  detailed  to 
serve  on  a  division  court  martial.  On  being  relieved  from  this  duty 
he  was  placed  in  command  of  the  Twenty-sixth  Pennsylvania  regi- 
ment, with  which  he  remained  until  the  battle  of  Williamsburg,  in 
May,  1862. 

He  was  already  stricken  by  fever,  but  on  the  evacuation  of 
Yorktown  by  the  Confederates,  and  the  advance  of  the  United 
States  troops,  he  placed  himself  at  the  head  of  the  regiment  then 
under  his  command,  and  remained  until  General  Hooker,  who  for 
two  weeks  had  manifested  much  kind  solicitude  concerning  his 
health,  after  repeatedly  urging  him  to  place  himself  under  a  sur- 
geon's care,  sent  him,  with  other  malaria-stricken  men,  to  Fort 
Monroe,  and  thence  to  Baltimore,  where  he  lay  for  nearly  two 
months,  suffering  an  almost  mortal  illness.  During  the  year  1862 
he  was  twice  at  death's  door  from  the  malarial  poisoning,  from 
which  he  never  fully  recovered. 

He  was  never  able  to  return  to  the  army.     In  the  words  of  a 


skillful  Confederate  physician  of  Baltimore  (who  saved  his  life), 
"the  swamps  of  the  Chickahominy  had  done  the  business  for  him," 
as  for  so  many  other  men,  helping  the  Confederate  cause  as  effec- 
tually as  grape  shot. 

In  1865  Colonel  Fiske  was  made  brigadier-general  by  brevet. 

For  the  past  twenty-three  years  he  has  been  an  officer  of  the 
United  States  District  Court  in  Boston. 

Edward  L.  Bailey. 

Edward  L.  Bailey  succeeded  Marston  as  colonel  of  the  Second 
Regiment.  He  was  a  native  of  Manchester,  and  received  his  edu- 
cation in  the  common  schools  of  that  city.     At  the  opening  of  the 

war  he  was  a  clerk  in  the  Manchester  post  office,  under  postmaster 
Thomas  P.  Pierce,  to  whose  powerful  influence  and  friendship  he 
was  largely  indebted  for  his  early  commission  in  the  Second. 
Enlisting  in  the  "Abbott  Guards,"  commanded  by  Captain  William 
C.  Knowlton,  he  went  to  Concord  as  first  lieutenant  of  the  compa- 
ny, April   24th — it  being  the  first  company  to  report  at  camp  for 


the  First  Regiment.  May  1st,  the  company  was  transferred  to 
Portsmouth,  it  being  understood  that  Thomas  P.  Pierce  was  to  be 
colonel  of  the  Second  Regiment,  and  the  men  desiring  to  serve 
under  him. 

In  the  reorganization  of  the  Second  Regiment  for  three  years, 
Captain  Knowlton  was  ".turned  down,"  and  Lieutenant  Bailey 
succeeded  him  in  command  of  the  company,  the  "Abbott  Guards" 
forming  the  nucleus  of  Company  I. 

He  was  appointed  major  July  26,  1862  ;  lieutenant-colonel 
October  23,  1862;  and  April  26,  1863,  upon  the  promotion  of 
Colonel  Marston  to  brigadier-general,  he  became  the  colonel  of  the 

Although  one  of  the  youngest  officers,  being  but  twenty-one 
when  he  won  his  eagles,  he  was  one  of  the  bravest  and  most  skill- 
ful. His  handling  of  the  regiment  in  its  awful  test  at  Gettysburg, 
was  a  model  of  technical  skill  and  a  triumph  of  personal  valor.  He 
commanded  the  regiment  in  all  its  battles  from  Gettysburg  to  Cold 
Harbor,  led  home  the  old  men  in  June,  1864,  and  was  mustered 
out  with  them. 

Soon  after  leaving  the  service  he  went  into  business  in  Boston, 
in  the  hat  trade,  but  soon  became  convinced  that  he  was  not  in  his 
proper  sphere  as  a  trader.  His  talents  and  his  formative  training 
were  all  in  the  direction  of  a  military  life,  and  he  sought  a  commis- 
sion in  the  regular  army. 

March  7,  1867,  he  was  commissioned  second  lieutenant  in  the 
Fourth  U.  S.  Infantry.  His  good  services  as  a  volunteer  were 
speedily  recognized  in  a  batch  of  brevets  for  gallant  and  meritorious 
services  during  the  war,  as  follows  :  for  Williamsburg,"brevet  first 
lieutenant ;  for  Fair  Oaks,  brevet  captaia  ;  for  second  Bull  Run, 
brevet  major  ;  for  Gettysburg,  brevet  lieutenant-colonel. 

But  actual  promotions  in  the  regular  army,  in  time  of  peace, 
come  slowly,  and  only  after  long  waiting.  It  was  almost  nine 
years  (February  26,  1876),  before  a  first  lieutenant's  commission 
came  to  him  :  and  it  was  not  until  December  4,  1891,  that  he 
attained  the  rank  with  which  he  had  entered  the  volunteer  service, 
thirty  years  before — captain.  He  left  the  service  in  1893,  and  is 
now  at  Boise  City,  Idaho. 


Joab  N.  Patterson. 

To  Joab  N.  Patterson  belongs  the  unique  distinction  of  being 
the  only  one  of  the  original  commissioned  officers  of  the  Second 
Regiment  who  served  with  it  through  its  entire  career,  participated 
in  every  march  and  every  battle,  and  was  with  it  at  its  final  muster 
out  in  December,  1865. 

He  was  born  in  Hopkinton,  January  25,  1835.  After  fitting  for 
college  at  New  Hampton,  he  entered  Dartmouth  College  in  1856, 
and  was  graduated  in  i860.  Having  fixed  upon  the  law  as  the 
profession  he  would  follow,  he  had  made  arrangements  for  a  course 
of  legal  study,  when  the  call  to  arms  came  and  changed  the  whole 
course  of  his  career. 

He  enlisted  as  a  private  April  22,  1861,  and  receiving  a  warrant 
as  recruiting  officer,  opened  an  office  at  Contoocookville  and 
enlisted  a  company  of  seventy-two  men  for  three  months'  service. 
On  the  reorganization  of  the  Second  Regiment  for  three  years,  he 
was  commissioned  as  first  lieutenant  of  Company  H,  and  was  pro- 
moted to  captain  May  23,  1862. 

His  military  career  appears  so  fully  in,  and  forms  so  large  a 
part  of,  preceding  pages,  that  they  need  be  only  epitomized  here. 
When  Ceneral  Marston  assumed  command  of  the  District  of  St. 
Mary's,  he  named  Captain  Patterson  as  provost  marshal,  a  position 
which,  in  that  district  above  almost  every  other,  demanded  the 
highest  capacity  for  work,  combined  with  firmness  and  tact.  He 
filled  this  difficult  position  to  the  entire  satisfaction  of  General 
Marston,  with  whom  he  was  always  a  great  favorite. 

He  participated  with  the  regiment,  as  acting  major,  in  Butler's 
campaign  on  the  James  and  in  the  Cold  Harbor  battle,  and  when 
the  old  men  went  home,  in  June,  he  was  left  in  command  of  the 
fragment  of  the  regiment  remaining,  being  for  a  time  the  only  com- 
missioned officer  on  duty  with  the  regiment. 

June  21,  1S64,  upon  the  recommendation  of  Generals  Smith 
and  Marston,  he  was  appointed  lieutenant-colonel.  January  10, 
1865,  he  was  commissioned  colonel,  but  was  not  mustered  until  the 
following  June,  when  the  consolidation  with  the  Second  of  about 

S.   G.  (UUFFIN. 

liiiKi.  and  B'vt  Maj.  Gen'l  U.  S.  Vols. 

[Formerly  Capt.  Co.  B,  2d  N.  H.] 


three  hundred  men  from  the  Tenth,  Twelfth  and  Thirteenth  New 
Hampshire  regiments  gave  it  the  number  requisite  for  a  colonel. 

In  September,  1864,  he  was  temporarily  in  command  of  the 
Third  Brigade,  Second  Division,  Eighteenth  Army  Corps,  and 
commanded  it  in  the  action  on  the  Williamsburg  road,  October  27, 
1864.  He  served  with  distinction,  as  fully  narrated  elsewhere,  and 
was  finally  mustered  out  with  the  regiment,  December  19,  1865, 
having  won  his  brevet  as  brigadier-general  of  volunteers,  to  date 
from  March  13,  1865,  for  "bravery  in  battle  and  good  conduct 
throughout  the  war." 

Returning  to  New  Hampshire,  he  settled  in  Concord,  where,  in 
March,  1867,  he  married  Miss  Sarah  C,  one  of  the  accomplished 
daughters  of  Rev.  Dr.  Nathaniel  Bouton,  one  of  New  Hampshire's 
most  distinguished  divines  and  historical  writers.  He  was  appointed 
United  States  Marshal  for  the  District  of  New  Hampshire,  which 
position  he  held  until  the  accession  of  President  Cleveland. 

At  the  close  of  the  war,  and  before  the  reorganization  of  the 
New  Hampshire  militia,  he  held  the  commission  of  brigadier-gene- 
ral :  but  upon  the  reorganization  of  the  force,  he  resigned,  and  had 
no  further  connection  therewith  until  the  organization  of  the  Third 
Regiment,  April  18,  1879,  when  he  accepted  a  commission  as  its 
colonel.  He  was  subsequently  commissioned  brigadier-general, 
commanding  the  New  Hampshire  National  Guard,  which  command 
he  retained  several  years. 

He  was  appointed  by  President  Harrison  Second  Auditor  of  the 
Treasury,  which  position  he  filled  with  great  credit  for  four  years, 
and  on  retiring  therefrom,  settled  in  Washington,  where  he  is  now 
engaged  in  the  life  insurance  business. 

Simon  G.  Griffin. 

But  one  of  all  the  volunteer  soldiers  from  New  Hampshire  won 
the  right  to  wear  the  double  stars  upon  his  shoulder,  and  that  man 
was  Simon  G.  Griffin,  a  graduate  of  the  Old  Second. 

He  was  a  native  of  Nelson,  born  August  9,  1S24.  Arriving  at 


manhood,  he  engaged  in  teaching,  dabbled  a  little  in  politics,  and 
at  length  commenced  the  study  of  law,  being  admitted  to  the  bar  in 
Merrimack  county  in  the  fall  of  i860.  But  when,  the  following 
April,  Sumter  was  fired  on,  he  threw  law  books  aside  and  took  up 
the  sword.  He  raised,  and  was  commissioned  captain  of,  the 
"Goodwin  Rifles,"  which  became  Company  B  of  the  Second  Regi- 
ment, and  which  he  commanded  at  the  first  battle  of  Bull  Run  and 
until  the  October  following,  when  he  was  appointed  lieutenant- 
colonel  of  the  Sixth  New  Hampshire.  In  March,  1862,  Colonel 
Converse  resigned,  and  Lieutenant-Colonel  Griffin  was  appointed 
colonel  on  the  2 2d  of  April. 

On  the  7  th  of  April,  1862,  he  commanded  a  highly  successful 
expedition  to  Elizabeth  City,  North  Carolina,  and  on  the  19th  of 
April  led  his  regiment  in  the  battle  of  Camden.  At  the  second 
battle  of  Bull  Run,  and  at  Chantilly,  the  Sixth,  under  his  command, 
distinguished  itself  by  its  good  conduct ;  and  at  Antietam,  with  the 
Second  Maryland,  it  carried  the  stone  bridge  across  Antietam  creek 
by  a  valorous  charge. 

On  the  20th  of  May,  1863,  Colonel  Griffin  was  assigned  perma- 
nently to  the  command  of  the  First  Brigade,  Second  Division,  Ninth 
Army  Corps.  Early  in  June  the  brigade  went,  under  command  of 
Colonel  Griffin,  to  the  assistance  of  General  Grant  in  his  operations 
against  Vicksburg,  and  participated  in  its  capture.  He  was  also 
with  his  command  in  the  campaign  of  General  Sherman  against 
General  Joseph  E.  Johnston,  and  the  capture  of  the  city  of  Jackson, 
Mississippi,  in  July,  where  he  was  in  charge  of  the  Ninth  Corps, 
having  three  brigades  under  his  command. 

In  August  the  corps  returned  to  Kentucky,  and  a  part  of  it 
immediately  proceeded  across  the  Cumberland  Mountains  to  join 
( leneral  Burnside  in  his  campaign  in  East  Tennessee,  Colonel  Griffin 
being  in  command  of  the  Second  Division.  In  October  he  was  sent 
by  General  Burnside  to  bring  forward  the  remainder  of  the  Ninth 
Corps,  which  had  been  left  in  Kentucky,  but  was  finally  assigned  to 
the  command  of  Camp  Nelson,  at  that  time  a  large  and  important 
post,  as  the  rendezvous  of  the  Tennessee  refugees,  to  the  number 
of  about  nine  thousand,  who  were  there  formed  into  regiments. 

In    the  spring  of   1864    the    Ninth  Corps   was    reorganized  at 

SIMON  G.   GRIFFIN.  291 

Annapolis,  Maryland,  and  Colonel  Griffin  was  assigned  to  the  com- 
mand of  the  Second  Brigade,  Second  Division,  composed  of  the 
Sixth,  Ninth  and  Eleventh  New  Hampshire,  the  Thirty-first  and 
Thirty-second  Maine,  and  the  Seventeenth  Vermont  regiments. 
He  commanded  his  brigade  in  the  battle  of  the  Wilderness,  May  6, 
1864,  and  also  in  the  battle  of  Spottsylvania  Court  House,  on  the 
1  2th,  in  the  latter  of  which  it  saved  General  Hancock's  corps  from 
being  routed.  It  was  in  this  battle  that  Colonel  Griffin  acted  with 
Mich  consummate  skill  and  gallantry  as  to  win  a  brigadier-general's 
commission,  on  the  recommendation  of  General  Grant.  He  was  in 
command  of  his  brigade  at  the  battles  of  North  Anna  River,  May 
20th  and  21st,  Tolopotamy  Creek,  May  31st,  Bethesda  Church, 
June  2d,  and  Cold  Harbor,  June  3d. 

On  the  night  of  the  16th  of  June  General  Griffin,  in  command 
of  his  own  and  General  Curtin's  brigade,  made  an  adroit  and  suc- 
cessful attack  on  the  enemy's  intrenched  lines  in  front  of  Petersburg, 
carrying  their  works  for  a  mile  in  extent,  capturing  nearly  one 
thousand  prisoners,  besides  four  pieces  of  artillery,  caissons  and 
horses,  more  than  a  thousand  stand  of  small  arms  and  a  quantity  of 
ammunition.  General  Potter,  commanding  the  division,  intrusted 
the  whole  planning  and  execution  of  this  attack  to  General  ( rriffin, 
and  most  skillfully  did  he  carry  out  his  part  of  it.  He  had  made  a 
wide  breach  in  the  enemy's  lines,  and  there  was  nothing  to  prevent 
an  advance  into  the  city,  had  supports  come  up  in  time.  But  the 
other  corps  were  not  ready  to  advance,  and  when,  at  three  o'clock 
in  the  afternoon,  the  First  and  Third  Divisions  attacked,  the  enemy 
was  prepared  to  meet  them,  and  they  were  repulsed  with  immense 

On  the  2d  of  April,  1865,  General  Griffin  arranged  and  led  the 
assault  on  the  enemy's  lines  at  "  Fort  Hell,"  on  the  part  of  the 
Second  Division,  Ninth  Army  Corps.  At  the  commencement  of 
the  action  General  Potter,  commanding  the  division,  was  severely 
wounded,  and  was  succeeded  by  General  Griffin,  who  exhibited 
throughout  the  greatest  activity,  bravery  and  skill.  For  "gallant 
conduct"  in  this  battle  he  was  brevetted  a  major-general  of  U.  S. 
volunteers — a  brevet  won  sword  in  hand  on  one  of  the  most  bloody 
fields  of  the  entire  war.     He  retained  command  of  the  division  and 


joined  with  the  corps  in  the  pursuit  and  capture  of  General  Lee's 
army.  He  returned  with  the  division  to  Alexandria,  and  was  mus- 
tered out  of  the  United  States  service  in  September,  1865. 

After  returning  home,  General  Griffin  was  offered  by  the  gov- 
ernment a  position  as  field  officer  in  one  of  the  old  regiments,  and 
his  appointment  was  made  out  and  sent  to  him  ;  but  after  so 
thorough  an  experience  of  the  hardships  and  privations  of  the  field, 
and  after  the  war  was  over  and  there  being  no  real  call  of  his 
country  for  his  services,  he  preferred  the  quiet  and  enjoyment  of 
home,  and  declined  the  offer.  Subsequently  General  Griffin  settled 
in  Keene,  where  he  still  makes  his  home.  In  1866,  '67  and  '68  he 
was  elected  to  a  seat  in  the  popular  branch  of  the  legislature,  and 
served  the  last  two  years  as  Speaker  of  the  House. 

Henry  E.  Parker. 

In  Chaplain  Parker  was  typified  the  high  personnel  of  the  Old 
Second.  A  native  of  Keene,  forty  years  of  age,  possessed  of  high 
scholarly  attainments,  and  for  ten  years  the  pastor  of  the  South 
Congregational  church  in  Concord — such  was  the  man  who  went  to 
the  front  with  the  Second  as  its  first  chaplain.  After  leaving  the 
service,  he  was  for  a  quarter  of  a  century  Professor  of  Latin  at 
Dartmouth  College,  which  position  he  resigned  in  1891.  The 
Dartmouth  Literary  Monthly  for  November  of  that  year  contained 
the  following  sketch,  at  once  a  biography  and  a  tribute  : 

"  Professor  Parker.  Gentleman,  Scholar,  Christian  ! — These 
words  so  often  used,  so  often  misapplied,  rang  in  the  hearts  of 
every  one  of  us  in  all  their  truth  and  strength,  as  the  man  known 
and  reverenced  by  all  stood  in  the  old  chapel  some  few  days  ago 
and  said  good-bye.  And  the  standing  forms,  the  silence  broken 
only  by  the  simple  words  of  farewell,  and  the  eager  faces  fixed  in 
grave  attention  showed  that  truth  and  gentleness  and  bravery  were 
receiving  their  homage  due. 

"  One  of  the  senior  speakers  had  quoted  that  afternoon  many  a 
line  from  the  English  Laureate,  but  one  verse,  often  quoted,  he  had 

C'H.-J. PLAIN    HENRY    E.    PARKER. 


not  used  ;   but  it  seemed  when  Professor  Parker  stood  before  us  as 
though  its  meaning  was  clearer  than  ever  before  : 

"  -  "T  is  only  noble  to  be  good; 

Kind  hearts  are  more  than  coronets. 
And  simple  faith,  than  Norman  blood.' 

"  Over  half  a  century  ago  he  entered  Dartmouth,  which  had 
been  the  college  of  his  father  before  him,  and  throughout  his  course 
was  known  as  a  strong  man,  the  leader  of  his  class,  and  as  one  in 
whom  absolute  confidence  could  be  placed.  Many  a  story  has  been 
told  of  his  utter  indifference  to  fear  of  any  kind.  It  was  considered 
in  those  days  quite  a  feat  for  the  more  daring  among  the  students 
to  run  and  jump  from  the  top  of  a  high  bank,  that  overlooked  the 
Connecticut,  into  the  water.  Many  took  the  leap,  but  '  Parker,' 
said  the  gentleman  who  told  me  the  incident,  '  was  the  only  one 
who  would  jump  with  his  eyes  open,  the  others  shutting  them  tight 
when  they  reached  the  edge.' 

"From  1843  to  1844  he  was  tutor  in  the  college,  after  which 
he  went  to  Union  Theological  Seminary  in  New  York,  from  which 
he  graduated  in  1847.  Men  who  were  in  the  seminary  at  the  time, 
even  those  knowing  him  but  slightly,  speak  of  him  as  a  man  whose 
acquaintance  was  a  benefit.  'A  good  man,'  '  a  true-hearted  gentle- 
man,' are  phrases  frequently  used  by  them. 

"He  was  ordained  as  evangelist  at  Eastport,  Maine,  March  13, 
1849,  was  acting  pastor  of  the  South  Congregational  church  at 
Concord  for  one  or  two  years,  and  installed  there  May  4,  185 1. 
Here  he  spent  ten  years  of  earnest,  hard  work,  and  here  again  his 
simple,  true-hearted  honesty  and  singleness  of  purpose  raised  up 
friends  on  every  side. 

"Then  came  the  war.  Mr.  Parker  went  to  the  front  as  chaplain 
of  the  Second  Regiment  New  Hampshire  Volunteers,  Colonel 
Marston  commanding,  and  was  as  much  at  home  in  the  camp  as  in 
the  pulpit.  Every  man  in  the  regiment,  from  colonel  to  the  hum- 
blest private,  respected  and  loved  him.  The  chaplain's  duty  in  our 
army  is  an  anomalous  one  ;  he  has,  by  the  regulations,  the  rank  and 
the  pay  of  a  captain,  but  has  really  nothing  to  do,  and  is  usually 
regarded  by  the  soldiers  as  more  or  less  an  incumbrance.  But 
Chaplain  Parker  was  an  exception  ;   he  endured  every  hardship,  he 

HENRY  E.  PARKER.  295 

was  a  comforter  in  trouble,  while  among  the  wounded  and  the 
dving  no  presence  was  so  welcome  as  his.  When  the  regiment  went 
into  battle  he  would  lead  his  horse  with  splendid  courage  where  the 
bullets  fell  thickest,  and  loading  the  animal  with  the  wounded  would 
carrv  them  away  to  a  place  of  safety  only  to  return  again  and  again 
on  the  same  errand. 

"  Until  the  battle  of  Antietam,  Mr.  Parker  had  been  in  every 
battle  in  which  the  almost  always  beaten,  and  always  just  as  pluckily 
fighting,  Army  of  the  Potomac  had  taken  part.  These  included 
among  others  the  seven  days'  fight  before  Richmond,  which  culmi- 
nated in  the  battle  of  Malvern  Hill.  After  the  army  went  into  camp 
at  Harrison's  Landing,  the  malaria,  which  had  painted  nearly  every 
man  in  the  army  with  its  yellow  pigment,  forced  Chaplain  Parker, 
though  much  against  his  will,  to  go  back  to  New  Hampshire.  It 
was  almost  a  year  before  he  was  himself  again,  but  finally  the 
Northern  air  succeeded  in  driving  the  enemy,  bred  in  the  Virginia 
swamps,  from  his  system. 

"  After  a  visit  to  Europe,  he  became,  in  1866,  Professor  of  Latin 
here  in  Dartmouth,  a  position  which  he  has  held  ever  since.  The 
previous  incumbent  had  been  Professor  Noyes,  whom  Professor 
Parker  had  succeeded  once  before  when  he  became  pastor  of  his 
Concord  church. 

"  For  twenty-eight  years  has  Professor  Parker  been  instructor 
in  Latin  in  this  college,  and  in  all  that  while  not  a  word  has  been 
heard  concerning  him  that  was  not  of  honor  and  affection.  Some- 
thing better  than  the  meaning  of  Latin  nouns  and  verbs  has  come 
to  every  man  who  has  been  under  his  instruction,  for  a  spirit  of 
rare  courtesy,  a  gentleness  and  yet  strength  of  manner,  an  atmos- 
phere of  courtliness  and  high  breeding,  have  shown  to  class  after 
class  the  true  meaning  of  the  grand  old  word,  gentleman.  Known 
and  honored  outside  the  college  walls  as  well  as  in,  it  is  safe  to  say 
that  no  man  walks  the  streets  of  Hanover  so  well  beloved  as  Pro- 
fessor Parker.  In  him  the  poor  and  the  friendless  have  found  a 
warm  heart  and  a  helping  hand,  while  his  broad  sympathies  have 
identified  him  with  every  good  work. 

"  Some  years  ago,  while,  courageous  as  ever,  he  was  rendering 
assistance  at  a  fire,  a  chimney  fell  upon  him,  injuring  his  head  and 


back  severely.  He  was  carried  home,  and  it  was  not  expected  that 
he  would  live.  But  he  rallied,  grew  strong,  and  once  more  took  up 
his  duties  in  the  college.  He  has,  however,  never  fully  recovered, 
and  for  the  last  few  years  has  been  advised  again  and  again  by  his 
physicians  to  lay  aside  the  harness,  and,  finally  unable  longer  to 
bear  the  burden,  he  placed  his  resignation  in  the  hands  of  the 

"  No  one  of  the  present  Senior  class  will  ever  forget  the  hours 
spent  in  the  North.  Latin  room ;  the  dignified,  wrinkled  face,  look- 
ing at  us  over  the  text-book ;  the  gentle,  kindly  voice,  the  cour- 
teous manner,  the  honest  true  spirit  of  the  man  who  seemed  more 
like  some  intimate  friend  than  an  instructor ;  old  Dartmouth  hall 
will  not  seem  the  same  when  his  form  shall  no  longer  go  in  and  out 
of  its  door-ways  ;  the  college  yard  will  seem  different  when  he  shall 
pass  no  longer  beneath  the  elms.  And  when  one  thinks  again  of 
the  courtly  gentleman,  polished  scholar,  true  Christian,  Henry 
Elijah  Parker,  these  other  words  of  Tennyson,  once  used  in  describ- 
ing Arnold  of  Rugby,  spring  naturally  to  the  lips  : 

" '  Strange  friend,  past,  present  and  to  be, 
Loved  deeplier,  darklier  understood; 
Behold  I  dream  a  dream  of  good, 
And  mingle  all  the  world  with  thee.'  " 

Miss  Harriet  Patience  Dame. 

In  the  city  of  Concord,  where,  in  April,  1861,  New  Hampshire's 
earliest  volunteers  mustered  for  the  war,  there  was  then  residing  a 
maiden  lady  of  middle  age,  a  lady  of  refined  manners  and  of 
delicate  physique,  whose  destiny  it  was,  in  her  own  sphere,  to  win 
fadeless  laurels  and  undying  fame  as  one  of  the  genuine  heroines  of 
the  war.  She  was  born  in  Concord,  January  5,  181 5.  Her  name 
was  Harriet  Patience  Dame.  It  is  a  name  that  will  not  be  found 
on  any  official  roster  of  the  Second  Regiment ;  but  she  was  with 
them,  she  was  of  them,  and  was  and  is  honored  and  respected  and 
loved  by  her  old  comrades  with  a  depth  of  affection  that  can  find 
no  adequate  expression  in  words. 

HARRIE  T  P.  DAME.  2  9  7 

There  were  army  nurses  and  army  nurses  ;  but  those  who,  like 
Harriet  Dame,  "  roughed  it"  with  the  men,  who  shared  their  hard- 
ships, and  often  their  dangers,  whose  ears  were  familiar  with  the 
roar  of  battle,  and  whose  hands  bound  gaping  wounds  fresh  from 
the  battle  line,  could  probably  be  counted  upon  the  fingers  of  one 
hand,  with  fingers  to  spare. 

It  is  not  probable  that  when  she  first  opened  her  house  for  the 
reception  of  sick  soldiers  from  the  camp  at  Concord,  she  had  any 
thought  of  the  remarkable  experience  which  lay  before  her  ;  but 
when  the  Second  Regiment  went  to  the  front,  she  joined  it  as  a 
hospital  matron,  and  was  with  it  or  near  it  to  the  end,  although  at 
times  her  services  took  a  wider  range,  making  her  name  a  familiar 
one  throughout  the  entire  Army  of  the  Potomac. 

At  one  time  at  Budd's  Ferry  (she  has  said),  "I  received  a  letter 
from  Doctor  Hubbard,  our  surgeon  when  we  first  left  home,  urging 
me  to  join  him  at  Paducah,  Kentucky.  The  prospect  of  a  change 
was  very  alluring.  Anything  was  preferable  to  the  stagnation,  and 
I  seriously  considered  the  offer.  But  the  familiar  faces  of  the  boys 
I  had  known  in  their  beardless,  happy  days  proved  a  strong  mag- 
net. I  consulted  our  chaplain,  Mr.  Parker,  telling  him  of  my 
divided  ambition,  and  he  counseled  me  to  wait  one  week.  During 
this  time  he  wrote  to  Colonel  Marston,  who  had  then  taken  his  seat 
in  Congress,  and  asked  his  advice.  There  was  the  true  military 
atmosphere  in  the  answer  :  '  Stay  where  you  are,  and  do  not  desert 
the  regiment.'  I  obeyed  this  command,  and  down  deep  in  my 
heart  rose  a  quiet  thanksgiving  that  duty  had  been  made  so  plainly 
to  lead  inclination.  With  this  first  diversion  perished  every  desire 
that  was  not  prompted  by  devotion  to  the  regiment  of  my  choice." 

She  shared  with  the  regiment  the  fortunes  of  the  Peninsular 
campaign.  Her  first  night  before  Yorktown  was  spent  in  a  feed- 
box  which  one  of  the  teamsters  brought  her  for  a  couch.  At  Fair 
Oaks  a  random  shell  from  the  enemy  tore  its  way  through  the  tent 
in  which  she  was  ministering  to  one  of  her  sick  boys. 

But  it  was  on  the  retreat  to  the  James  that  her  courage  and 
endurance  rose  to  the  height  of  sublime  heroism.  The  announce- 
ment to  the  sick  men  in  the  hospital  that  those  who  could  not  walk 
must  be  left  behind,  fell  upon  many  with  all  the  weight  of  a  death 


warrant  ;  the  horrors  of  life  in  rebel  prisons  were  now  well  known, 
and  to  them  capture  meant  death.  Harriet  Dame  resolved  to 
remain  with  them  ;  but  when,  nerved  by  desperation,  they  rose  from 
their  cots,  resolved  on  a  supreme  effort  for  liberty,  she  led  them 
forth  upon  their  doubtful  journey.  They  took  nothing  with  them. 
One  faithful  fellow,  prompted  by  a  tenderness  born,  perhaps,  of  a 
remembered  mother  or  wife,  destroyed  her  little  wardrobe  so  the 
rebels  should  not  desecrate  it.  With  her  feet  encased  in  a  pair  of 
rubber  boots,  her  head  protected  by  a  faded  tatter  of  mosquito 
netting,  and  bearing  a  coffee  boiler  and  a  supply  of  coffee,  she  went 
forth,  the  guiding  spirit  of  that  party  of  feeble,  tottering  men. 

Although  one  man  of  the  squad*  (Josiah  Taft,  of  Company  A), 
died  before  reaching  Harrison's  Landing,  yet  it  was  to  her  devotion 
and  inspiring  courage  that  most  of  them  owed  their  liberty  and 
some  their  lives.  At  every  halt  for  rest  she  would  fill  her  coffee 
boiler  and  cheer  the  lagging  spirits  of  her  boys  with  the  reviving 
decoction.  At  length,  reaching  the  great  tangle  of  the  trains,  she 
encountered  Captain  Godfrey,  the  division  quartermaster,  and  while 
she  resolutely  kept  her  own  feet  to  the  ground,  she  fought  for  her 
boys,  and  corners  were  found  for  more  than  one  of  them  in  baggage 
wagons  and  ambulances. 

Along  in  the  night  she  reached  a  farm  house  somewhere  near 
Charles  City  Cross  Roads.  "The  provost  guard,"  she  says,  "went 
into  the  farm  house  to  find  a  sleeping  place  for  me,  but  the  aggres- 
sive and  disgusted  women  of  the  household  refused,  under  the  plea 
that  the  house  was  full.  I  added  my  own  resolute  statement  that  I 
had  a  blanket  and  would  sleep  in  the  empty  hall,  which  I  proceeded 
to  do  in  defiance  of  the  opposition  offered  by  the  indignant  women, 
and  left  the  house  to  tell  my  men  where  I  might  be  found.  Return- 
ing, I  was  met  by  a  meager  specimen  of  a  negro  boy,  who  piloted 
me  to  a  large  room  up-stairs,  where  a  bed  upon  the  floor  invited  me 
to  repose.  And,  in  one  moment,  sleep  for  me  had  knit  up  the 
raveled  sleeve  of  care.  The  war,  its  cruelty  and  horrors,  all  were 
forgotten,  until  a  small  voice  piped  into  my  ear  :  '  Missis,  you  had 
better  git  up.  They  's  gwine  ter  fight.'  And  when  my  heavy  lids 
lifted  and  the  cheerful  daylight  showed  me  the  situation,  my  awak- 
ening senses   realized  that  the  teams  were  all  gone,  and  the  army 


Photograph  by  Parker,  Washington,  iSqj. 



was  drawn  up  in  line  of  battle  before  me,  waiting  for  the  rebel 
attack.  My  toilet  was  a  delayed  luxury.  My  willing  and  respon- 
sive feet  obeyed  the  bent  of  my  mind,  and  the  two  carried  me  to 
my  boys,  whose  eager  welcome  and  enthusiastic  energy  proved 
them  to  have  been  improved  by  the  forced  march  of  the  preceding 

The  following  day,  near  Malvern  Hill,  she  had  her  first  unique 
experience  as  a  prisoner.  Pushing  out  of  the  crush  of  the  train 
with  one  attendant,  they  had  proceeded  a  little  distance  on  a  side 
road  when  they  ran  plump  upon  a  rebel  picket.  She  was  taken 
back  through  an  apparently  very  anxious  and  panicky  line  of  rebel 
pickets,  and  ushered  into  the  presence  of  an  officer,  with  whom  she 
had  the  following  dialogue  : 

"  Got  too  far  into  Dixie,  hey?  " 

"  No,  not  as  far  as  I  'm  going." 

"  How  far  are  you  going?  " 

"  As  far  as  Richmond." 

"Ah  !     Going  as  a  prisoner?  " 

"  No.     I  am  going  under  the  old  flag." 

The  officer  had  no  further  time  to  devote  to  a  woman.  It  soon 
dawned  upon  Harriet  that  her  new  acquaintances  had  dropped  her, 
and  that  she  was  no  longer  under  guard  or  surveillance,  but  at 
perfect  liberty  to  wander  away  at  her  own  sweet  will.  She  improved 
the  opportunity,  and  when  the  rebels  fell  back,  soon  after,  had  no 
difficulty  in  making  her  way  back  to  her  own  people. 

In  the  second  Bull  Run  campaign  she  was  at  the  stone  church 
at  Centreville,  and  near  here  she  was  again  a  prisoner  for  a  brief 
time.  Wandering  forth  on  some  mission,  about  dusk,  she  was 
startled  by  the  ominous  "click,  click"  of  a  rifle  lock  in  a  clump 
of  trees  she  had  approached. 

"  Surrender,  thar,  or  I  '11  shoot  !  "   said  some  one  in  a  low  tone. 

"Do  n't  do  that,"  replied  Miss  Dame,  quietly,  "but  come  on 
and  arrest  me.     I  am  doing  no  harm." 

As  she  turned  toward  the  dark  forest  several  Gonfederate  sol- 
diers stepped  forth.     "What  are  you  doing  of?  "  asked  one. 

"Nursing  the  wounded." 

"That  won't  do.     You  will  have  to  come  to  headquarters." 

HARRIET  P.  DAME.  30] 

With  that  she  was  marched  away,  even  to  the  tent  of  Stonewall 
Jackson  himself.  The  grand  old  warrior  sat  alone.  He  glanced  at 
her,  and  when  she  showed  her  bandages  for  the  wounded,  her  flask 
and  her  medicines,  he  thundered:  "Take  that  lady  back  to  the 
Northern  lines."  She  was  carefully  escorted  to  the  spot  where  she 
had  been  captured,  from  whence  she  made  her  way  back  without 

It  would  fill  a  volume  to  follow  her  career  in  detail.  In  the 
winter  of  1S62  and  the  spring  of  1863  she  was  in  the  Washington 
hospitals,  and  organized  the  New  Hampshire  Relief  Association. 
Then  she  was  sent  by  Governor  Gilmore  to  South  Carolina  to  exam- 
ine into  the  condition  of  the  New  Hampshire  men  of  the  Third, 
Fourth  and  Seventh  regiments.  Miss  Dorothy  Dix  resolutely 
opposed  her  going,  saying  she  would  not  be  allowed  to  land  and 
would  make  the  effort  at  great  risk.  But  the  determined  little 
woman  went  forward,  and  her  personal  magnetism  won  her  a 
landing  and  the  opportunity  for  gathering  all  the  materials  for  her 
report.  More  than  that,  her  visit  led  to  a  reform  in  the  transpor- 
tation service  for  the  sick  in  that  department,  as  a  report  which  she 
took  the  liberty  to  make  to  Surgeon-General  Barnes  led  to  the 
detailing  of  the  "Argo"  and  "Fulton"  as  hospital  boats. 

She  was  back  in  season  for  Gettysburg,  and  there,  in  the  field 
hospitals,  found  herself  in  the  midst  of  such  a  multitude  of  her  old 
boys,  wounded  and  dying,  as  would  have  appalled  any  but  the 
stoutest  heart. 

During  the  winter  of  1863  she  had  charge  of  the  New  Hamp- 
shire Soldiers'  Relief  rooms  in  Washington,  but  in  the  spring  of 
1864  she  took  the  field  with  the  Army  of  the  James.  During  the 
Cold  Harbor  campaign  she  established  herself  at  White  House,  and 
later  was  at  the  Eighteenth  Corps  field  hospital  at  Broadway  Land- 
ing, or  Point  of  Rocks,  on  the  Appomattox,  a  view  of  which  is  to 
be  found  on  page  240.  Chaplain  Adams  has  drawn  a  pen  picture 
of  her  at  this  post — "one  moment  distributing  garments,  comfort- 
bags,  cordials,  &c,  from  her  private  tent,  at  another  moving  under 
the  large  cooking  tent,  surrounded  with  delicate  and  substantial 
articles  of  diet,  and  the  large  kettles  steaming  with  wholesome  and 
palatable  food  in  a  state  of  preparation.     This  tent  was  her  throne ; 


but  she  did  not  sit  upon  it.  From  this  place  she  issued  her  orders, 
dispatched  her  messengers,  and  distributed  luxuries  to  thousands. 
Here  she  not  only  ruled  with  system,  but  with  sleeves  rolled  up, 
toiled  harder  than  any  of  her  assistants." 

With  the  surrender  of  the  rebel  armies  and  the  breaking  up  and 
disbandment  of  the  Union  hosts,  she  again  united  herself  closely 
with  the  regiment,  in  which  there  was  at  times  a  great  amount  of 
sickness,  and  remained  with  it  until  its  muster  out. 

Soon  after  the  war  Hon.  William  E.  Chandler  offered  her  a 
position  in  the  Currency  Division  of  the  United  States  Treasury — 
now  Loan  and  Currency  Division — which  she  still  holds.  Three 
or  four  years  ago  she  was  induced  to  place  herself  under  a  civil 
service  examination  for  promotion,  and  passed  the  ordeal  trium- 

In  the  winter  of  1894-5  she  suffered  a  fracture  of  the  bone  of 
one  leg  by  falling  upon  an  icy  pavement ;  but  notwithstanding  her 
advanced  years,  her  iron  constitution  and  unconquerable  courage 
carried  her  triumphantly  through  the  crisis  to  recovery,  so  that  in 
August  following  she  was  able  to  make  her  annual  pilgrimage  to 
Weirs,  where,  in  the  spacious  headquarters  building  which  was  her 
own  royal  gift  to  the  Second  Regiment  Association,  she  spent  days 
of  pleasant  reunion  with  her  old  comrades,  receiving  the  homage 
due  the  bravest,  the  sweetest  and  best  beloved  of  them  all. 

CHAP  T K  R     X X 


IN  sympathy  with  the  great  conception  of  making  of  the  battle- 
field of  Gettysburg  a  national  park,  with  the  designation  of 
positions  by  enduring  monuments  and  memorials,  the  legislature  of 
New  Hampshire  appropriated  the  modest  sum  of  five  hundred 
dollars  for  a  monument  to  each  New  Hampshire  organization  par- 
ticipating in  that  battle. 

At  a  subsequent  meeting  of  the  Second  Regiment  Association, 
a  committee,  consisting  of  General  T.  N.  Patterson,  Lieutenant  F. 
C.  Wasley  and  M.  A.  Haynes,  was  chosen  to  procure  the  monument 
and  attend  to  the  details  of  its  erection. 

The  design  selected  was  worked  out  in  the  finest  of  Concord 
granite,  at  the  shops  of  Thomas  Nawn,  at  West  Concord.  It 
consisted  of  three  pieces — a  base  five  feet  square  and  one  foot  and 
eleven  inches  thick,  with  champered  corners ;  a  plinth  of  the  same 
shape,  four  feet  square  and  fifteen  inches  thick  ;  the  plinth  sur- 
mounted by  a  pyramid  three  feet  and  four  inches  square  at  the 
base  and  seven  feet  and  one  inch  in  altitude.  The  corners  of  this 
pyramid  are  champered,  and  on  each  is  cut  in  bas  relief  a  full  sized 
musket :  while  below,  on  the  square  formed  by  the  champered 
corners  of  the  base  of  the  pyramid,  is  the  diamond  badge  of  the 
Third  Corps,  with  polished  surface.  The  four  sides  of  the  plinth 
are  polished,  and  on  three  of  them  are  inscriptions,  as  follows  : 

On  the  north  side — 

2  1)    NEW    HAMPSHIRE 

Vol..    INFT. 

3    BRIG.,    2    DI V.,    3    CORPS. 


GE TT)  'SB (  R G  MONUMENT.  305 

On  the  east  side — 


JULY   2,   1863. 

On  the  west  side — 



KILLED   7,    WOUNDED   1 4. 


KILLED   18,  WOUNDED   119,    MISSING  35. 

The  location  assigned  to  the  monument  by  the  Gettysburg  Bat- 
tlefield Association  was  at  the  southern  edge  of  the  peach  orchard, 
near  the  Emmitsburg  pike,  on  the  advanced  line  held  by  the 
regiment  in  the  terrible  struggle  of  July  2.  In  the  accompanying 
illustration  the  view  is  toward  the  south,  across  the  fields  over 
which  Kershaw's  rebel  brigade  advanced. 

The  monument  being  completed  and  placed  in  position,  it  was 
decided  to  dedicate  it  in  connection  with  a  general  reunion  of  the 
Third  Corps  to  be  held  on  the  field  on  the  twenty-third  anniversary 
of  the  battle.     The  following  circular  was  issued  : 

Ho  !  Second  New  Hampshire  for  Gettysburg. 

Concord,  N.  H.,  June  8,  1886. 

Comrade:  A  meeting  of  survivors  of  the  Third  Army  Corps  is  to  be  held  on  the  battlefield 
of  Gettysburg,  on  the  second  day  of  July  next,  the  twenty-third  anniversary  of  the  day  on 
which  were  fought  the  battles  that  were  decisive  of  the  final  overthrow  of  the  armies  of  our 
gallant  but  misguided  foes. 

The  old  Second  New  Hampshire  will  never  cease  to  boast  that  they  belonged  to  the  Third 
Corps,  and  took  no  insignificant  part  in  the  bloody  struggles  of  that  memorable  day.  To  per- 
petuate the  memory  of  the  valorous  deeds  then  and  there  performed  by  her  gallant  sons,  the 
State  of  New  Hampshire  has  provided  monuments  to  be  erected  on  that  world-renowned  field; 
and  the  monument  for  our  regiment  will  be  erected  and  dedicated  at  that  time.  Comrade  Haynes 
will  deliver  an  oration,  and  Chaplain  Adams  a  poem.  Gen.  Gilman  Marston  has  signified  his 
desire  to  be  present,  and  he  will  do  so,  unless  prevented  by  circumstances  beyond  his  control. 
Miss  Dame  will  surely  be  with  us. 

The  expenses  of  the  round  trip  from  Boston  to  Gettysburg  and  return,  including  transporta- 
tion, rations  and  lodgings,  will  not  exceed  twenty  dollars.  Any  comrade  who  receives  this 
circular,  and  knows  of  any  comrade  who  has  not  received  it,  is  requested  to  send  at  once  the 
name  and  address  of  the  latter  to  the  secretary ;  and  all  comrades  who  can  and  will  go  are 
desired  to  send  their  names  to  the  secretary  without  delay.  Comrades  have  the  privilege  of 
taking  their  families  and  friends,  but  are  requested  to  notify  the  secretary  of  the  same. 

If  the  weather  shall  be  favorable,  and  the  members  of  our  association  shall  be  inclined  tha 
way,  we  can  bivouac  in  the  Peach  Orchard  where  we  received  and  withstood  that  shower  of  shot 



and  shell  which  put  hors  de  combat  three-fifths  of  all  the  men  of  our  command  who  answered 
to  the  roll-call  on  that  fateful  morning. 

There  will  never  be  a  more  favorable  opportunity  for  the  surviving  members  of  the  "  Old 
Second"  to  visit  the  scene  of  their  most  bloody  conflict,  and  to  pay  their  tribute  (the  last  it  may 
be)  of  respect  and  love  to  the  memory  of  their  fallen  comrades. 

The  route  from  Concord,  Manchester,  Lowell,  and  Boston,  with  full  particulars,  will  be 
given  hereafter  by  postal  card  to  those  who  signify  to  the  secretary  their  intention  of  going. 

J.  N.  PATTERSON,  Chairman  of  Committee  on  Monument. 
FRANK  C.  WASLEY,  Com.  3d  Corps  Gettysburg  Reunion, 

168  Bridge  Street,  Lowell,  Mass. 
THOMAS  B.  LITTLE,  Com.  3d  Corps  Gettysburg  Reunion, 
and  Secretary  2d  N~.  H.  i'eteratis'  Association, 

Concord,  N.  H. 

As  the  monuments  of  the  Fifth  regiment  and  the  Sharpshooters 
were  also  completed  and  their  dedication  fixed  for  the  same  date, 
the  occasion  was  one  of  unusual  interest  to  New  Hampshire  people 
generally,  and  not  only  did  a  large  number  of  veterans  improve  the 
opportunity  to  revisit  the  scenes  of  their  great  struggle,  in  many 
instances  accompanied  by  their  wives  and  children,  but  there  was  a 
laro-e  and  distinguished  body  of  civilians  as  well,  in  the  New  Hamp- 
shire party. 

The  dedication  of  the  Second's  monument  was  set  for  three 
o'clock  on  the  afternoon  of  July  2.  At  that  hour  a  large  audience 
had  assembled  about  the  monument,  among  them  being  Generals 
Sickles  and  Graham  and  men  from  almost  every  regiment  of  the 
Third  Corps.  The  rain,  which  had  interfered  somewhat  with  the 
exercises  earlier  in  the  day,  had  by  this  time  partially  suspended. 
It  should  be  noted,  also,  that  the  peach  orchard  did  not  then  con- 
tain any  of  the  trees  which  stood  in  it  on  that  fateful  July  day  in 
1863,  but  a  larger  lot  of  thrifty  young  trees. 

General  Patterson  presided,  and  first  called  upon  Chaplain 
Adams  to  offer  prayer ;  after  which  Martin  A.  Haynes  delivered  the 
dedicatory  address,  as  follows  : 

Mr.  President,  and  Comrades  of  the  Old  Second: 

I  have  a  feeling  that  this  is  one  of  the  spots  sanctified  by  human  sacrifice  and  human 
endeavor,  where  words  for  the  mere  sake  of  words,  however  cunningly  arranged,  however 
brilliant  and  effective,  are  still  inadequate  and  inappropriate.  It  was  in  the  line  of  this  senti- 
ment that  Abraham  Lincoln  pronounced  that  wonderful  five-minutes  eulogy  which  has  become 
one  of  the  classics  of  oratory — simple  words  simply  spoken,  the  eloquence  of  the  heart,  rather 
than  of  the  tongue,  grand  in  the  suggestions  of  what  was  unsaid — the  acknowledgment  that 
he  stood  in  the  presence  of  mighty  deeds,  to  which  naught  that  could  be  said  might  add,  and 
naught  detract.  Nothing  can  be  more  eloquent  than  the  simple  story  of  Gettysburg,  told,  if 
you  will,  with  official  directness  and  brevity.  It  is  the  plain  narrative  of  the  guide  that 
strangers  come  to  this  spot  to  listen  to,  and  not  to  wordy  tricks  of  oratory. 


It  is  hard  to  realize,  comrades,  that  almost  a  quarter  of  a  century  has  elapsed  since  last  we 
stood  at  Gettysburg.  In  that  period  wondrous  changes  have  been  wrought.  Time's  healing 
power  is  everywhere  displayed,  and  long  ago  may  have  done  its  perfect  work.  The  dead  rest  in 
solemn  phalanx  in  consecrated  ground;  and  from  right  to  left,  from  flank  to  flank  along  the 
line,  monuments  have  been  set  to  mark  historic  portions  of  the  field.  In  such  a  designation 
New  Hampshire  well  earned  her  right  to  be  represented.  Not  that  she  was  conspicuous  for  the 
number  of  troops  she  had  engaged,  but  she  sent  men  worthy  of  her  ancient  military  renown. 
Five  points,  widely  separated,  mark  their  position  upon  this  great  battle  line.  Far  away  to  the 
right,  the  Manchester  battery — and  a  famous  battery  it  was — stood  to  their  guns.  To  the  left, 
two  companies  of  New  Hampshire  sharpshooters,  picked  riflemen,  bore  their  full  share  in  the 
achievements  of  Berdan's  sharpshooters.  Again,  to  our  right,  the  Twelfth  New  Hampshire 
sustained  the  assault,  changing  front  under  a  severe  cross-fire,  with  a  coolness  and  precision 
that  called  for  the  unstinted  praises  of  the  commanding  general.  About  the  same  distance  to 
the  left,  the  Fifth  New  Hampshire  fought  as  it  always  fought,  and  there  the  gallant  Cross 
closed  in  death  a  long  and  illustrious  career  as  a  soldier.  And  here,  in  the  center,  the  very  key- 
stone of  that  mighty  arch  of  battle  of  July  2,  the  old  Second  fought  the  greatest  of  its  many 
battles,  and  helped  to  render  Sherfy's  peach  orchard  immortal.  And  it  is  a  matter  of  record, 
that  of  the  three  infantry  regiments  New  Hampshire  sent  to  Gettysbuurg,  nearly  fifty  per  cent, 
of  the  entire  force  was  killed  or  wounded.  Not  that  they  were  surrounded,  demoralized,  and 
shot  down  like  sheep,  but  in  every  instance  in  square,  stand-up  fight  of  line  to  line,  face  to  face 
with  the  enemy.  What  state  can  set  her  monuments  here  with  prouder  consciousness  of  the 
heroism  they  commemorate! 

Standing  upon  this  spot  once  more,  how  vividly  we  recall  the  memories  of  our  participation 
in  that  great  event!  the  night  march  of  our  brigade  from  Emmitsburg!  We  had  some  sort  of 
information  that  there  had  been  a  collision  the  day  before,  and  that  our  march  indicated  urgen- 
cy; but  it  was  well,  perhaps,  that  we  did  not  know  what  we  were  marching  to.  Could  it  have 
been  foreseen  that  in  our  next  night's  bivouac  not  half  our  little  band  would  be  there  to  answer 
to  their  names,  many  a  light  jest  and  careless  word  of  that  night  march  would  have  remained 

We  came  upon  the  field  early  in  the  forenoon  of  that  fateful  day.  Since  Creation's  dawn, 
earth  and  air  and  sky  never  presented  the  aspect  of  more  perfect  peace.  We  remember  how 
joyously  the  birds  twittered  and  sang  that  July  morn.  Not  a  breath  was  in  the  air,  not  a  rustle 
in  tree  or  grass.     It  was  the  calm  before  the  storm. 

Little  by  little  we  men  in  the  ranks  gleaned  our  information  as  to  the  situation.  We  saw  a 
line  of  skirmishers  in  the  fields  there  to  the  right,  extending  to  cover  the  road  up  which  we  had 
just  advanced.  From  the  picket,  weary  with  his  night's  vigil,  we  learned  of  Reynolds'  fight, 
and  the  certainty  that  the  enemy  were  in  heavy  force,  "over  there."  From  troops  which,  like 
ourselves,  had  reached  the  field  by  forced  marches  from  various  points,  it  was  evident  that  the 
scattered  corps  of  the  Army  of  the  Potomac  were  being  here  concentrated  with  all  haste. 

Away  across  the  fields,  we  saw  spires  and  clustered  buildings,  but  it  took  a  great  many 
inquiries  to  develop  the  information  that  that  village  was  called  Gettysburg.  How  strange  it 
seems,  in  the  light  of  present  fame,  that  such  a  name  as  Gettysburg  could  ever  have  been 
anything  but  grand  and  impressive! 

Leaving  the  pike,  we  leisurely,  and  apparently  aimlessly,  made  our  way  up  across  the  fields 
toward  the  north.  Then  came  the  countermarch,  this  time  with  no  uncertain  movement,  and 
the  rapid  deployment  of  brigades  and  batteries  told  us,  as  plainly  as  though  written  in  a  book, 
that  the  old  Third  Corps  was  again  moving  to  battle.  How  our  hearts  thrilled  as  this  conscious- 
ness came,  and  yet  with  the  instinctive  shrinking  of  men  who  stand  in  the  face  of  death — that 
piteous,  unspoken  inquiry,  as  comrade  looked  in  comrade's  eye,  "  Who  will  it  be?" 

Down  to  the  left,  toward  the  Round  Top,  we  received  the  first  fire.  Massed  in  column  by 
battalions,  the  brigade  was  moved  forward  into  an  exposed  position,  apparently  to  draw  the 
enemy's  fire  and  develop  his  position.  The  movement  succeeded  admirably.  How  suddenly  it 
came — that  storm  of  shells !  And  one,  bursting  squarely  in  the  faces  of  our  color-guard, 
wounded  several  men,  and  broke  the  staff  in  fragments.  We  saw  that  some  of  the  enemy's  guns 
were  by  the  pike  where  not  long  before  we  had  passed  unchallenged  and  unobstructed. 


Back  went  the  brigade  to  cover,  under  which  the  line  was  to  be  deployed.  The  sharp  voice 
of  Colonel  Burling,  brigade  commander,  gave  the  cautionary  announcement  of  the  movement, 
to  be  executed  at  the  double-quick.  But  that  was  not  to  be  the  scene  of  the  Second's  sacrifice. 
Having,  by  temporary  absence  from  the  army,  lost  our  position  as  a  member  of  the  old  "  Hooker 
Brigade,"  we  had  become  a  wanderer  among  regiments,  with  no  settled  place  among  all  the 
brigades  of  the  Third  Corps.     At  this  time  we  were  attached  to  the  second  New  Jersey  brigade 

the   Third    Brigade   of   the   Second   Division.     But  it  was  willed  that  the  Second  Regiment 

should  make  its  greatest  fight  as  a  castaway  among  strangers— brigaded  for  that  occasion  only. 
Ordered  to  report  to  General  Graham,  we  marched  away,  up  the  slope,  to  the  position  indicated. 
When  we  reached  the  spot— the  spot  where  once  again  we  have  stood  after  many  years,  at  the 
northern  edge  of  the  peach  orchard— the  practised  eye  began  to  read  the  magnitude  of  the  field. 
The  rapidly  developing  fire  left  no  doubt  that  the  Army  of  the  Potomac  and  the  Army  of  North- 
ern Virginia  were  again  face  to  face  in  one  of  their  titanic  struggles. 

Here,  in  and  about  the  peach  orchard,  was  the  "  bloody  angle"  of  the  battle  of  July  2,  and 
at  its  very  apex  was  the  position  of  the  Second  Regiment— the  iron  buckler  upon  whieh  the  first 
blow  fell,  and  we  may  well  believe  selected  for  this  position  because  of  its  metal,  battle- 
tested.  As  we  lay  up  there,  hugging  the  ground  to  the  rear  of  the  battery  we  supported,  how 
they  scourged  us  with  shell  and  with  shrapnel !  A  single  battery  can  make  it  hot  for  a  regiment, 
but  when  that  battery  is  multiplied  to  forty  guns,  well  served  and  at  easy  range,  it  is  a  condi- 
tion that  calls  for  all  the  nerve  the  bravest  can  muster  and  all  the  discipline  long  campaigning 
can  give.  How  the  air  blazed  and  hissed  with  deadly  missiles  !  And  there  lay  the  old  Second, 
sullen  and  chafing,  watching  the  good  work  of  its  heroic  battery,  and  from  its  commanding 
position  noting  the  progress  of  the  battle  down  toward  the  Round  Top.  Men  with  ragged  shell 
wounds  were  staggering  to  the  rear.  The  dead,  torn  and  mutilated,  lay  in  the  line  by  the  side 
of  the  living. 

But  do  you  remember  how,  even  in  such  a  furnace  of  war,  the  devil-may-care  spirit  of  the 
veteran  soldier  asserted  itself,  when,  clear  and  full,  arose  the  chorus  of  the  old  doggerel  song,  of 
which  I  remember  just  one  verse: 

"  When  this  cruel  war  is  over, 
We  '11  be  happy  and  be  gay, 
We  '11  get  drunk  and  we  '11  get  sober, 
If  it  takes  three  weeks  and  a  day. 
Chorus — Hurrah!  Hurrah!  for  Southern  rights  hurrah! 

Hurrah  for  the  bonny  blue  flag  that  bears  a  single  star!  " 

It  was  the  old  Second's  note  of  defiance,  and  must  have  been  heard  within  the  enemy's  lines. 
I  will  warrant  that  Lee's  veterans  knowingly  nodded  their  heads  and  said:  "  Those  are  no  green 
militia  fellows." 

But  the  end  of  our  inaction  came  at  last.  The  artillery  fire  increased  to  a  perfect  storm. 
Every  gun  of  the  enemy  was  being  worked  to  the  utmost.  Under  this  cover  an  infantry  column 
was  thrown  forward  upon  the  peach  orchard.  The  leafy  screen  obscured  in  a  measure  our  view 
to  the  front;  but  when  there  came  a  crackle  of  musketry  in  front  of  the  battery,  and  the  skir- 
mishers of  the  Third  Maine  came  running  in,  we  saw  from  the  confusion  among  the  men  at  the 
guns  that  they  needed  their  supports. 

"  Yes,  for  God's  sake,  go  forward!  "  said  General  Graham  to  Colonel  Bailey,  in  response  to 
the  latter's  suggestion  that  the  Second  should  charge.  At  the  word,  to  its  feet  came  the  regi- 
ment with  a  great  sigh  of  relief.  Of  the  entire  force  borne  upon  the  rolls  for  duty,  only  eight 
men  were  absent  from  the  ranks,  and  they  footsore  stragglers  from  the  night  march,  just  then 
skirmishing  across  country  in  rear  of  the  enemy's  lines.  The  old  Second  might  straggle  some- 
times on  the  march,  but  never  on  the  battle  line. 

The  endurance  of  the  regiment  had  been  tested  to  the  utmost  by  its  terrible  punishment 
under  enforced  inaction,  but  now  it  was  to  have  an  opportunity  to  pay  up  the  score  and  to  give 
blow  for  blow.  A  few  seconds  for  alinement,  and  then  away  went  the  old  Second,  roaring  and 
screaming,  a  mighty  javelin,  steel  pointed  and  irresistible,  hurled  out  from  the  defiant  front  of 
the  old  Third  Corps.    Down  by  the  guns  of  the  battery,  into  and  through  the  peach  orchard — 0, 


James  Bresnehan,  Co.  F. 

what  a  charge!  The  advancing  enemy  halted  just  long  enough  to  determine  that  they  had 
either  a  bayonet  fight  or  a  foot  race  on  their  hands,  and  quickly  choosing  the  latter,  they 
turned  and  fled.  It  was  New  Hampshire  pluck  and  courage  at  its  best,  and  that  means  a  great 

Here,  by  the  Emmitsburg  pike,  the  halt  was  sounded,  and  position  taken  along  the  line  of 
this  rail  fence.  It  was  a  more  difficult  matter  to  stop  that  charge  than  it  had  been  to  set  it  in 
motion.  Soon  the  Third  Maine  came  up  and  formed  upon  our  left;  then  the  Sixty-eighth  Penn- 
sylvania upon  our  right,  extending  their  line  up  the  pike.  Here,  away  to  the  front,  stood  three 
little  regiments,  and  it  was  a  terrible  vortex  into  which  they  had  been  precipitated.  From  the 
great  semi-circle  which  encompassed  them,  sixty-two  pieces  of  artillery  opened  fire,  clearing  the 
way  for  a  renewal  of  the  attack  which  had  been  so  rudely  disrupted  by  the  countercharge  of  the 
Second.  The  air  was  alive  with  shells  crossing  each  other  at  many  angles.  The  Sixty-eighth 
withdrew  up  the  slope,  also  the  Third:  but  the  old  Second  held  on  with  bulldog  tenacity  until 
the  advance  of  the  enemy's  infantry  upon  our  uncovered  right  rendered  a  retreat  and  change  of 
front  necessary. 

As  the  charge  of  the  Second  had  been  dashing  and  plucky,  so  its  retreat  was  an  exhibition  of 
consummate,  nervy  discipline.  With  probably  very  nearly  a  third  of  its  men  down  at  that  time, 
it  closed  up  the  ranks  and  changed  front  to  oppose  the  column  that  had  overtopped  it  on  the 
right.  There,  half-way  up  the  slope,  it  halted  to  have  it  out  with  the  enemy,  but  again  over- 
topped, again  it  changed  front  and  fell  back,  this  last  movement  bringing  it  in  line  over  the 
crest.  Here  the  Third  and  Sixty-eighth  came  once  more  to  our  support,  gallantly  charging  up 
into  the  withering  fire  in  which  the  Second  was  enveloped.  It  is  no  disparagement  to  their 
gallantry  that  they  again  fell  back;  and  then  it  was  that  the  Second  gave  up  the  unequal  and 
hopeless  struggle.  Not  in  panic-stricken  confusion  or  headlong  rout,  but  coolly  perfecting  its 
alinement,  it  about-faced  and  marched  steadily  but  rapidly  to  the  rear,  leaving  the  line  of  its 
last  stand  marked  by  the  bodies  of  many  of  its  bravest  and  its  best.  Passing  the  batteries  which 
were  taking  position  on  yonder  low  ridge  to  the  north-east,  it  received  one  of  the  proudest  com- 
pliments of  its  entire  career — ovations  of  cheers  from  the  battery  men. 


The  Second  had  made  its  record  at  Gettysburg,  The  plain  figures  chiseled  upon  that  block 
of  granite  are  the  eloquent  record  of  the  deed.  One  hundred  and  ninety-three  men,  stricken, 
not  from  a  division,  not  from  a  brigade,  but  from  one  little  skeleton  regiment,  numbering  but 
three  hundred  and  fifty-five  officers  and  men.  Do  those  who  have  never  stood  in  the  battle  line 
understand  what  such  figures  mean?  Why,  battles  have  been  fought  which  were  pivotal  events 
in  history  and  are  quoted  as  monuments  of  valor,  with  less  aggregate  loss  than  that  of  the  Sec- 
ond New  Hampshire  upon  this  spot.  Our  fathers  won  Bennington,  and  bravely  won  it,  with  a 
loss  of  but  seventy  killed  and  wounded.  Trenton  and  Princeton  combined  cost  Washington 
only  about  one-half  the  men  that  Gettysburg  cost  our  single  regiment.  And  Yorktown  was  won 
and  American  independence  assured  with  less  than  half  the  loss  to  the  American  army  that  our 
regiment  here  sustained;  while  the  total  loss  of  our  Freneh  allies  fell  seven  below  our  figures, 
amounting  to  but  one  hundred  and  eighty-six  men.  "  Tippecanoe  "  became  the  rallying  cry  of 
a  great  political  party,  upon  which  its  hero  was  elevated  to  the  presidency;  but  Tippecanoe, 
stubborn  fight  as  it  was,  cost  Harrison's  army  only  one  hundred  and  eighty-eight  men.  There 
is  a  world  of  suggestion  in  such  figures  as  these. 

It  was  a  veteran  regiment  that  fought  here,  and  it  can  be  safely  assumed  that  none  but  a 
veteran  regiment  could  have  stood  such  a  test  and  done  such  a  work.  There  were  men  who 
fought  at  Bull  Run,  who  followed  Hooker  in  the  battles  of  the  Peninsula,  who  charged  with 
Grover  over  the  railroad  bank  at  Groveton.  But  not  all  who  stood  with  us  at  Gettysburg  had 
such  a  record.  The  number  in  line  at  the  peach  orchard  was  probably  less  than  the  recruits 
which  the  regiment  had  from  time  to  time  received.  Our  brave  old  Colonel  Marston  wore  the 
well  earned  stars  of  a  general,  in  another  command,  and  he  who  had  been  the  ninth  captain  in 
the  line  had  risen  by  regular  promotion  to  the  command  of  the  regiment.  Such  had  been  the 
changes  incident  to  the  service.  But  that  the  regiment  was  a  veteran  regiment  by  no  means 
carries  the  assumption  that  the  regiment  was  composed  exclusively  of  veterans.  In  fact,  there 
were  in  our  ranks  nearly  a  hundred  men  who  here  for  the  first  time  heard  the  roar  of  hostile 
guns.  It  was  a  rough  initiation,  but  of  all  who  fought  here  there  were  none  braver  or  better 
than  our  raw  recruits — the  men  of  the  dismantled  Seventeenth. 

Such  was  the  regiment;  such  was  its  deed.  Our  state  has  indicated  its  pride  in  both  by- 
setting  here  this  memorial  stone.  We  are  not  many,  we  who  stood  at  Gettysburg.  Some  escaped 
the  iron  hail  here,  only  to  meet  their  fate  on  other  fields,  and  our  number  is  rapidly  growing 
less.  For  us,  the  living,  this  monument  stands  as  a  memorial  to  our  comrades,  our  brothers, 
who  here  gave  up  their  lives.  Our  recompense  while  living  is  ample  in  the  proud  privilege  of 
saying,  "  I  was  with  the  Second  New  Hampshire  at  Gettysburg!  "  And  when  we  are  all  gone — 
and  that  day  will  not  be  long  in  coming — generations  of  New  Hampshire  men  will  point  to  the 
record  there  inscribed  with  an  honest  pride  in  the  achievements  of  their  ancestors  who  lived  in 
an  age  which  they  will  recognize  as  heroic. 

The  address  was  followed  by  a  poem  by  Chaplain  John  W. 
Adams,  which  he  did  not  read  in  full,  owing  to  the  inclemency  of 
the  weather.     A  few  of  the  closing  stanzas  are  here  inserted  : 

Ye  martyred  braves,  in  whom  the  flame 

Of  fervent  patriotism  glowed; 
Who  to  avert  your  Nation's  shame, 

Sincerity  by  valor  showed; 

If  it  is  given  you  to  see 

The  deeds  that  here  transpire;   if  from 
The  heights  of  immortality, 

To  join  our  ranks,  once  more  you  've  come; 

As  guests  unseen,  but  ne'er  forgot, 

Chief  honors  we  accord  to  you; 
And  bid  you  welcome  to  this  spot, 

To  join  in  mem'ry's  grand  review. 


If  still  a  comrade's  mundane  voice 

May  vibrate  on  the  spirit's  ear, 
Ye  host  invisible  rejoice: 

The  cause  you  died  for  triumphed  here. 

The  Nation's  verdict  is  "  Well  done  !  " 
The  Union,  treason  sought  to  sever, 

Hinds  fifty  millions  into  one. 
And  one  that  shall  remain  forever. 

Your  grateful  country  watches  o'er 

Your  mould'ring  forms  which  round  us  lie: 

And  bids  each  patriot  heartladore 
The  names  that  were  not  born  to  die. 

Among  New  Hampshire's  "rugged  hills, 
The  old  and  young  your  deeds  rehearse: 

Your  memory  like  dew  distils. 
And  poets  praise  you  in  their  verse. 

In  our  enduring  granite  we 

Have  symbolized  your  worthy  fame: 
And  we  shall  teach  posterity 

To  love  and  honor  you  the  same. 

A  part  of  the  old  Granite  State 

We  bring  this  day  and  rear  to'you ; 

This  comely  shaft  we  dedicate 

To  those  who  died  so  brave  and  true. 

Long  as  this  monument  shall  stand, 
And  cold  and  heat  and  storm  defy, 

May  it  tell  where  your  honored  band. 
The  heroes  of  the  Second  lie. 

And  now,  ye  braves,  once  more  adieu ! 

Sleep  on,  ye  torn  and  weary  ones! 
We  '11  meet  you  at  the  grandjreview; 

Sleep  on,  New  Hampshire's  honored  sons! 

Ye  sun,  watch  o'er  them,  day. by  day! 

Keep  guard,  ye  moon  and  stars,  by  night ! 
Ye  breath  of  morn  and  even,  play 

Sweet  requiems  where  they  won  the  fight ! 

Not  for  yourselves,  ye  lived  and  died: 

Devotion  so  unselfish  still 
Inspires  us  with  a  patriot's  pride, 

Our  own  great  mission  to  fulfill. 

Once  more,  O  Gettysburg,  to  thee 

We  bid  a  long  and  sad  adieu ; 
Thou  wast  our  great  Thermopylae — 

Thou  wast  our  bloody  Waterloo. 

We  sigh  o'er  what  the  victory  cost; 

But  since  the  oblation  was  to  be. 
We  count  the  life  and  treasure  lost 

As  naught  to  Union,  Liberty. 


The  poem  was  followed  by  the  reading  of  the  following  letter 
from  Colonel  Edward  L.  Bailey  : 

Comrades:  While  you  are  gathering  in  commemoration  of  the  day  which  is  to  be  marked  in 
the  annals  of  the  nation  as  the  acme  of  its  throes  in  the  bloody  struggle  for  preservation  out  of 
the  greatest  eivil  war  the  world  has  yet  witnessed;  while  you  stand  upon  that  spot  that  shall 
eternally  mark  the  site  of  your  heroie  deeds, — what  though  vagrant  historians  have  failed,  in 
the  immense  scope  of  their  subject,  to  point  out  to  an  admiring  world  the  individual  acts  by 
which  your  organization  illustrated  its  valor  and  devotion !  You  are  about  to  set  up  your  Eben- 
ezer,  as  did  they  of  olden  time,  which  shall  serve,  while  unmistakably  denoting  the  place  of 
your  endeavors,  to  enlighten  the  future  as  to  the  name  of  the  regiment  that  occupied  the  very 
salient  of  exposure  and  sacrifice  on  that  memorable  day. 

While  you  walk  above  that  ground,  hallowed  by  the  blood  of  your  fallen  comrades,  the  scene 
of  calm  and  peace  by  which  you  are  surrounded  must  seem  unreal.  Ghostlike,  the  ghastly 
memories  come  crowding  upon  you,  and  out  of  the  past  shall  come  the  rage  of  volcanic  furies 
beating  upon  that  distracted  orchard  knoll.  You  see  the  powder-begrimed  faces,  or  the  bleeding 
forms  of  loved  companions,  stricken  from  your  side,  their  requiem  sounding  in  the  shriek  of 
shells,  the  minnie's  song,  or  the  roar  of  canister,  and  your  minds  are  illuminated  by  the  remem- 
brance of  deeds  which  made  you  heroes  on  that  fateful  field. 

Twenty-three  years  have  been  garnered  in  the  sheaf  of  Time,  and  it  is  you  who  now  gather 
upon  that  spot,  sacred  to  memory  as  the  scene  of  devotion  unsurpassed,  who  can  estimate  how 
grandly  the  impress  of  acts  is  being  manifested  this  day,  in  the  placid  and  benignant  prosperity 
throughout  our  whole  country  which  you  then  willingly  offered  your  lives  to  establish. 

The  simple  shaft  you  now  erect  will  mark  the  site  which  shall  occupy  conspicuous  mention 
in  the  narrative  of  the  future  historian  of  perhaps  the  greatest  decisive  battle  of  the  war,  and 
future  generations  may  learn  to  give  due  value  to  the  valorous  sacrifices  made  at  that  spot,  and 
cherish  with  becoming  pride  the  fame  you  have  attached  to  it. 

It  is  fitting  we  should  think  of  our  glorious  dead, — but  not  in  sorrow,  for  they  fell  asleep 
there,  where  the  sun  of  immortality  shall  ever  shine.  No  prouder  entombment  can  mortal  man 
attain.     Their  meeds  shall  be  uttered  from  the  grateful  heart  of  posterity. 

You  who  are  spared  to  reap  the  reward  of  your  labors,  in  viewing  the  harmony  prevailing 
throughout  our  once  disunited  country,  may  well  rejoice  that  your  blood  has  cemented  this 
union  of  states,  and  that  the  blessing  of  prosperity  which  is  now  enjoyed  flows  directly  from 
your  achievements  on  that  day. 

Circumstances  I  cannot  control  render  it  impossible  for  me  to  be  with  you  in  person,  but  in 
spirit  I  am  in  your  midst,  and  my  heart  beats  in  unison  with  yours,  as  the  glorious  memories  of 
other  days  are  recalled.  And,  as  youirear  the  shaft  which  is  to  perpetuate  them  and  mark  our 
place  on  the  field  of  battle,  I  feel  with  you  it  is  our  proudest  boast  that  we  are  linked  with  the 
name  and  fame  of  "  The  Gallant  Second."     Always  yours,  ED.  L.  BAILEY. 

General  Patterson  then  briefly  addressed  Colonel  John  C.  Line- 
han,  and  through  him  turned  over  the  monument  to  the  custody  of 
the  Battlefield  Monument  Association,  to  which  Colonel  Linehan 
responded  as  follows  : 

General  Patterson,  Comrades,  and  Friends:  Standing  in  the  historic  Peach  Orchard, 
how  vividly  comes  to  my  mind  the  departure  of  our  first  three-years  regiment  for  the  war.  How 
eagerly  we  watched  for  its  record  in  its  first  engagement ;  how  proud  we  who  were  then  at  home 
felt  when  the  news  came  of  its  part  in  the  first  Bull  Run;  and  with  what  eagerness  we  of  the 
Third,  the  Fourth,  and  the  Fifth,  on  our  arrival  at  Washington,  hurried  to  Bladensburg  to  grasp 
the  hands  of  the  veterans  of  the  Second  New  Hampshire,  and  how  sadly  we  gazed  on  its  deci- 
mated ranks  on  its  return  from  the  front  at  the  close  of  the  war.  Your  record  is  a  proud  one, 
and  while  memories  of  the  Peach  Orchard  exist,  the  Second  New  Hampshire  cannot  be  forgot- 
ten. Comrades,  on  behalf  of  the  Association  I  receive  this  beautiful  monument,  emblematic  in 
its  material  of  the  rocky  hills  of  our  native  state,  as  well  as  of  the  bravery  of  her  sons,  and  assure 
you  that  it  will  receive  all  the  care  and  attention  it  deserves. 

CHAP  T  E  R     XXI. 



WHILE  many  regiments,  almost  immediately  upon  their  dis- 
bandment,  formed  regimental  associations,  and  assembled 
in  reunion  at  stated  periods,  still  it  was  not  until  nineteen  years  had 
elapsed  after  the  final  muster  out  at  Concord  that  the  Second  came 
together  for  the  first  time  in  regimental  reunion.  Unlike  many  of 
those  that  followed  it  to  the  field,  it  was  gathered  from  all  parts  of 
the  state,  and  not  from  a  limited  section,  and  while  there  had  been 
an  occasional  company  gathering,  still  no  general  reunion  was 
attempted  until  as  late  as  1884.  Then  it  was  that  the  survivors  of 
Companies  C  and  I,  residing  in  Manchester,  conceived  and  execu- 
ted the  idea  of  bringing  the  old  men  together  once  more,  in  that 

An  organization  was  effected  and  various  committees  appointed, 
but  it  is  only  justice  to  say  that  the  heavy  burden  of  preparation 
fell  upon  two  comrades — "Harry"  Clifton,  of  Company  C,  and 
"Al."  Simmons,  of  I.  They  were  the  twin  Pooh-Bah's  of  the  affair. 
Simmons  was  president  and  treasurer ;  Clifton,  secretary ;  both 
were  on  the  finance  committee,  and  one  or  the  other  on  about 
every  other  committee. 

The  date  selected  was  the  20th  of  June — the  twenty-third  anni- 
versary of  the  day  when  the  regiment  filed  out  of  the  old  ropewalks 
at  Portsmouth  and  marched  down  through  the  streets  of  that  quaint 
old  city  on  their  way  to  the  front.  On  that  day,  coming  from  near 
and  from  far,  one  hundred  and  sixty  men  assembled— the  largest 
gathering  of  the  Second  ever  accomplished  since  the  war.     There 




"l                                                        '. 

'     ..  , 

&■  ■'        f '  *\ 

V  -■■*  *^v  A 


i           F               *' 


v=/  •  h 

1  ^/ '  n 

'   *    "V~-                     tt&s 

^,  - 

Henry  A.  Bowman,  Co,  G. 

He  enlisted  from  Littleton,  and  was  early- 
disabled,  losing  his  right  leg  at  the  first  battle 
of  Bull  Run.  He  was  for  many  years  an  em- 
ploye of  the  Fairbanks  Scale  Company,  at  St. 
Johnsbury,  Vt.,  and  held  in  high  esteem.  On 
the  morning  of  January  23,  1892,  while  at 
work  at  his  bench,  he  suddenly  dropped  dead. 
The  employes  were  immediately  notified  that 
work  was  suspended  for  the  day  out  of  respect 
to  his  memory.  The  above  portrait  repre- 
sents him  at  the  time  of  the  war. 

were  Marston,  and  Fiske  ("Old  Double  Quick"),  and  Bailey,  and 
Harriet  Dame.  And  to  crown  all,  there  were  the  tattered  old  flags 
that  the  Second  had  followed  in  many  a  battle.  These  had  been 
boldly  but  judiciously  abstracted  from  their  case  in  the  state  house 
at  Concord,  and  it  is  violating  no  confidence  to  state  that  the  boys 
had  the  assurance  of  ex-Governor  Frederick  Smyth  that  he  would 
stand  by  them  if  there  was  any  trouble.  The  following  account  of 
the  exercises  of  the  day  is  mainly  copied  from  newspaper  reports. 

General  Marston  and  other  officers  were  conveyed  to  Hotel 
Windsor  in  carriages,  and  the  members  of  the  regiment  found  their 
way  to  the  city  hall,  which  was  headquarters  during  the  reunion. 
Thither  Marston,  Fiske  and  Sayles  soon  followed,  and  for  an  hour 
or  two  there  was  witnessed  one  of  those  indescribable  affairs,  a 
gathering  of  old  soldiers  long  separated.    Little  was  done  but  shake 

FIRST  RE  UNION.  3 1 5 

hands  and  exchange  greetings  until  about  one  o'clock,  when  the 
assembly  was  called  to  order  by  Thomas  B.  Little  of  Concord, 
president  of  the  regimental  association,  after  which  Chaplain  John 
W  .  Adams  offered  prayer. 

On  motion  of  General  Patterson,  General  Marston  was  elected 
president  of  the  day,  and  as  he  stepped  forward,  his  grim  old  face 
illumined  by  a  smile  of  pleasure  seldom  seen  upon  it,  the  shouts  of 
the  veterans  nearly  started  the  roof.  He  spoke  briefly  on  taking 
the  chair,  and  was  followed  by  Lieutenant-Colonel  Fiske,  at  the 
close  of  whose  remarks  Mayor  H.  B.  Putnam  extended  the  welcome 
of  the  city,  as  follows  : 

Mr.  President  and  Veterans  of  the  Second  New  Hampshire  Regiment: 

In  behalf  of  the  city  of  Manchester  I  bid  you  welcome  here  today.  It  is  not  often  that  our 
citizens  have  the  pleasure  of  extending  the  hospitalities  of  the  city  to  so  worthy  a  body  of  men 
as  compose  your  organization,  which  has  honored  us  by  its  presence. 

It  hardly  seems  possible  that  twenty-three  years  have  elapsed  since  you  left  this  state  for  the 
seat  of  war  to  help  put  down  the  most  gigantic  rebellion  the  world  has  ever  seen.  The  people 
of  this  city  and  of  this  state  have  always  felt  a  deep  interest  in  the  Second  regiment,  as  it  was 
the  first  of  the  three-years  men  that  went  to  the  front.  When  you  left,  the  hearts  and  good 
wishes  of  ail  went  with  and  followed  you  in  all  your  campaigns.  When  you  enlisted  the  sol- 
dier's pay  was  very  small,  with  no  bounty,  so  that  could  not  have  been  an  incentive  which  sent 
you  forth.  Vour  motives  were  of  a  purer  and  higher  order;  they  were  those  of  true  patriotism. 
Vou  volunteered  to  defend  the  old  flag  and  keep  entire  the  union  of  the  states.  How  well  you 
succeeded  is  now  a  matter  of  history.  The  union  is  stronger  and  rests  upon  a  firmer  basis  today 
than  ever  before.  The  nation's  thanks  are  due  to  you  and  your  comrades  by  whose  valor  it  has 
been  maintained,  and  this  and  coming  generations  will  hold  you  in  remembrance.  When  your 
regiment  went  forth  you  were  a  thousand  strong,  but  at  the  end  of  three  years  how  depleted 
were  your  ranks!  Many  went  forth  never  to  return.  The  bullets,  the  malarial  swamps  and  the 
prison  pens  of  the  South  had  done  their  work,  and  many  of  your  number  now  lie  buried  in 
southern  soil  and  in  unknown  graves. 

The  war  of  the  rebellion  has  not  been  without  its  lessons.  It  has  taught  the  people  of  this 
and  other  nations  that  this  great  republic  is  to  remain  intact,  and  that  no  foreign  nor  domestic 
foe  can  rend  it  asunder.  It  has  shown  that  we  need  no  standing  army,  that  our  volunteer  militia 
can  be  relied  on  to  protect  us  from  aggression.  During  the  war  many  thought  that  when  it  was 
over  and  the  great  armies  disbanded,  lawlessness  might  prevail.  How  mistaken  those  fears ! 
Over  a  million  men  were  disbanded  in  a  few  months,  and  all  of  them  returned  to  their  farms, 
to  their  work  shops  and  other  avocations  in  which  they  were  formerly  engaged,  and  took  up  the 
peaceful  pursuits  of  life  as  though  they  had  not  been  disturbed. 

I  do  not  propose  to  take  up  your  time  with  any  extended  remarks;  you  have  come  here  with 
other  purposes.  You  are  here  to  renew  old  friendships  formed  around  army  camp  fires  and  to 
relate  incidents  of  past  campaigns.  I  hope  that  this,  your  first  reunion,  may  be  many  times 
repeated,  that  your  lives  may  be  lengthened  so  as  to  enjoy  the  privileges  of  living  under  a  free 
government  which  your  valor  has  made  secure. 

Colonel  Ed.  L.  Bailey  and  Hon.  M.  A.  Haynes  followed,  and 
both  were  loudly  cheered,  although  they  spoke  but  briefly. 

At  two  o'clock  the  veterans  formed  by  companies,  and  with  their 
old  battle-flags  over  them,  went  over  a  brief  line  of  march,  preceded 


by  the  First  Regiment  Band  and  the  Manchester  War  Veterans' 
Drum  Corps,  and  followed  by  invited  guests  and  disabled  comrades 
in  carriages.  The  procession  marched  up  Elm  street  as  far  as 
Bridge,  then  countermarched  to  Monument  square,  where  a  halt 
was  made  in  the  shade  of  the  trees  near  the  soldiers'  monument. 
During  this  rest  a  brief  and  patriotic  address  was  made  by  Chaplain 
Adams,  after  which  the  veterans  proceeded  to  Hotel  Windsor,  to 
partake  of  a  most  elaborate  banquet. 

The  tables  were  adorned  with  flowers,  among  the  decorations 
being  two  memorial  pieces,  one  from  Mrs.  Josiah  Srevens,  in 
remembrance  of  her  late  husband,  Major  Stevens,  and  the  other 
from  Mrs.  E.  T.  James,  in  memoriam  of  her  brother,  Solomon  W. 
Foss,  of  Company  D,  who  died  in  the  service.  General  Marston 
alluded  to  the  memory  of  these  brave  men,  and  calling  upon  all  to 
rise  and  fill  their  glasses  with  cold  water,  he  offered  a  beautiful 
sentiment  to  their  memory. 

At  the  close  of  the  repast  General  Marston  rapped  to  order  and 
happily  introduced  ex-Governor  Frederick  Smyth,  who  was  received 
with  hearty  applause.  He  said  he  had  come  to  the  reunion  to  listen 
to  that  grand  old  hero,  General  Marston,  and  others  who  were 
members  of  the  Second  regiment,  but  of  all  the  men  on  this  earth 
whom  he  dared  to  disobey,  General  Marston  was  one  of  the  last. 
The  privilege  of  being  with  you  on  this  occasion  is  one  I  never 
expected  to  enjoy,  and  I  realize  that  it  is  a  rare  privilege  indeed. 
You  have  a  record,  and  such  a  record  as  no  other  regiment  in  New 
Hampshire  or  any  other  state  made.  No  regiment  has  filled  the 
state  with  so  much  honor  as  the  Second.  There  are  one  hundred 
of  the  men  present  here  today  who  left  old  Portsmouth  twenty-three 
years  ago,  and  well  I  remember  your  departure  when  you  were  all 
in  the  flush  of  youth.  General  Marston,  then  colonel  of  the  regi- 
ment, came  to  me  and  said,  "Do  you  think  I  shall  succeed?"  I 
answered  as  I  thought,  yes ;  and  what  a  success  !  But  it  was  sad 
to  me,  so  many  of  the  youth  and  flower  of  the  state  to  go  forth 
never  to  return.  I  saw  many  of  you  afterwards  on  several  of  the 
battlefields  of  the  war,  and  had  the  privilege  of  caring  for  some  of 
you  at  Gettysburg.  I  remember  twenty  years  ago  next  December 
when  General  Patterson  led  home  the  remnant  of  your  regiment  to 



Lieut.  Thomas  Lees,  Co.  B. 

Enlisted  as  a  private,  from  Durham,  and  at  the 
close  of  his  term  of  service  was  second  lieutenant 
of  his  company.  He  is  now  proprietor  of  the 
Sheridan  House,  at  Wolfeborough. 

Concord,  and  there  surrendered  your  battleflags  to  the  keeping  of 
the  state.  I  told  him  then  that  no  hand  should  be  laid  upon  them, 
and  they  were  not  touched  until  yesterday.  If  any  one  else  but  you 
boys  had  taken  them,  they  would  have  been  in  state  prison  by  this 
time,  but  none  of  you  are  likely  to  get  there.  Here  at  my  right 
hand  (pointing  to  Miss  Harriet  P.  Dame)  is  the  woman  I  love  more 
than  any  woman  on  earth  next  to  my  wife,  and  I  know  there  is  not 
one  here  who  has  a  wife  or  children  who  does  not  love  her  next  to 
them.  I  thank  you  for  the  many  courtesies  which  1  have  received 
at  your  hands,  and  I  trust  and  believe  that  we  shall  all  meet  in  a 
grand  reunion  in  the  world  to  come. 

Following  the  governor's  address,  a  quartet  composed  of  Messrs. 
Charles  F.  Good,  E.  Parker  French,  David  H.  Bean  and  George 
E.  Merrill,  sang  "Health  to  the  Bravest"  and  "The  Vacant  Chair," 
the  latter  being  in  response  to  an  encore. 

Colonel  Waterman  Smith  was  the  next  speaker.      He  recalled 


recollections  of  the  day  when  General  Marston  led  the  regiment 
away  to  the  seat  of  war.  In  those  days  the  manufacturing  company 
with  which  the  speaker  was  connected  had  three  thousand  people  in 
its  employ,  and  one  hundred  and  ten  enlisted  in  the  service  for  the 
defence  of  their  country.  I  said  to  them,  "  Go,  brave  boys,  and 
when  you  come  back,  no  matter  whether  disabled  or  not,  your 
places  will  be  waiting  for  you."  When  the  conflict  was  raging,  and 
every  effort  was  being  made  to  supply  means  for  prosecuting  the 
war,  I  asked  Governor  Smyth  what  we  should  do  with  the  money 
accumulating  in  the  bank  in  which  we  were  both  interested.  "  In- 
vest it  in  governments,"  was  his  quick  reply,  "help  the  government, 
and  if  the  government  fails  we  will  all  go  to  smash  together."  But 
the  results  proved  the  investments  to  have  been  wisely  placed.  I 
congratulate  you  upon  being  able  to  have  so  many  present  at  this, 
your  first  reunion.  I  hope  you  may  have  many  of  them.  The 
lapse  of  time  is  lessening  your  numbers,  but  I  am  one  of  those  who 
believe  that  we  shall  all  meet  hereafter,  where  there  will  be  no  wars 
and  no  partings — on  the  other  side  of  Jordan. 

M.  A.  Haynes  then  read  several  letters  of  regret  at  their  inabil- 
ity to  be  present,  from  various  persons,  of  which  the  following  have 
more  than  a  passing  interest : 

Sunday,  35TH  Avenue. 

Dear  Colonel  Bailey:  On  my  return  to  the  city  I  find  your  letter  of  the  10th  inst.,  con- 
veying an  invitation  to  be  present  at  the  first  reunion  of  the  glorious  old  Second  New  Hampshire 
regiment  of  volunteers  at  Manchester  on  the  20th  inst.  I  can  think  of  but  very  few  things  that 
would  give  me  more  pleasure  than  to  meet  once  more  the  survivors  of  that  noble  battalion.  If 
you  will  kindly  call  and  see  me  on  Tuesday  morning,  I  will  then  be  able  to  decide  whether  or  no 
I  can  go  with  you.  I  shall  certainly  go  if  possible,  and,  if  prevented,  you  must  remember  me 
affectionately  to  every  officer  and  man  of  the  regiment.         Sincerely  yours, 


Col.  E.  L.  Bailey,  U.  S.  A.,  David's  Island,  N.  Y. 

Port  of  New  York,  Naval  Office,  June  18,  1884. 
Colonel  E.  L.  Bailey,  U.  S.  A. 

Colonel:  Your  courteous  letter  of  the  6th  instant,  inviting  me  to  attend  the  first  reunion  of 
the  Second  New  Hampshire  Volunteers  at  Manchester,  N.  H.,  on  the  20th  instant,  was  duly 
received,  and  an  answer  has  been  delayed  until  the  last  moment  in  the  hope  that  it  would  be  in 
my  power  to  announce  that  I  would  be  present  on  that  interesting  occasion.  It  is  with  exceed- 
ing great  regret  that  I  am  compelled  to  state  that  it  will  be  utterly  impossible  for  me  to  attend, 
in  consequence  of  sickness  in  my  family. 

My  active  military  career  commenced  as  colonel  of  the  Fifth  Excelsior  (Seventy-fourth  New 
York)  Volunteers,  in  Hooker's  division  of  the  Third  Army  Corps,  in  which  division  were  like- 
wise the  noble  Second  New  Hampshire  Volunteers,  then  commanded  by  the  gallant  Marston. 
On  several  hard  fought  fields  during  the  Peninsular  campaign,  it  was  my  proud  privilege  to 
fight  side  by  side  with  that  well-trained  regiment,  and  at  the  decisive  battle  of  Gettysburg,  when 

FIRST  RE  UNION.  3 1 9 

it  reported  to  me  in  the  Peach  Orchard,  a  thrill  of  joy  nerved  me  to  the  very  core,  for  I  realized 
that  if  human  power  could  sustain  my  command  in  that  perilous  position,  the  Second  New- 
Hampshire  and  the  other  heroic  regiments  attached  to  the  glorious  old  Third  Corps,  which 
reinforced  me  simultaneously,  would  accomplish  that  fact.  But  if  had  been  ordained  otherwise, 
and  the  masses  of  rebel  infantry  which  were  hurled  without  cessation  upon  our  exposed  front, 
as  well  as  the  terrific  artillery  fire  which  continued  for  hours  upon  our  depleted  ranks,  rendered 
that  effort  impracticable.  On  that  field  I  particularly  noticed  the  correct  maneuvers  of  your 
regiment,  and  the  brilliancy  of  one  charge  it  made  in  regaining  the  salient  point  my  command 
first  occupied.  The  number  of  killed  and  wounded  on  that  occasion  testifies  more  strongly  than 
can  any  words  of  mine  how  gallantly  it  conducted  itself  on  that  memorable  field. 

Cordially  wishing  that  the  survivors  of  the  Second  New  Hampshire  Volunteers  may  have  a 
successful  and  enjoyable  reunion,  and  that  they  may  individually  be  blessed  with  happiness  and 
prosperity,  I  am  sincerely  yours,  CHARLES  K.  GRAHAM. 

State  of  New  York, 

Office  of  the  Secretary  of  State, 

Albany,  June  10,  . 
E.  L.  Bailey,  David's  Island,  New  York  Harbor: 

My  Dear  Colonel:  I  am  in  receipt  of  your  kind  communication,  under  date  of  the  6th 
inst.,  inviting  me  to  be  present  on  the  occasion  of  the  first  reunion  of  the  survivors  of  the  old 
Second  New  Hampshire  regiment.  Please  accept  my  hearty  thanks  for  this  evidence  of  distin- 
guished regard,  and  for  the  honor  which  you  and  the  regiment  have  conferred  upon  me. 

The  desire  for  social  reunion  is  to  me  a  gratifying  exhibit.  It  is  the  outgrowth  of  strong 
friendship,  which  soldiers  everywhere  entertain  for  one  another.  It  is  a  pleasant  reflection  to 
know  that  I  have  been  remembered.  Your  letter  aroused  old  associations.  The  scenes  of 
Ycrktown,  Fair  Oaks,  Malvern  Hill,  Bristow  Station,  Second  Bull  Run,  Fredericksburg,  Get- 
tysburg and  the  Wilderness  again  pass  in  review,  and  I  am  confronted  with  the  deeds  of  self 
sacrifice  and  patriotic  devotion  which  marked  the  splendid  achievements  of  the  soldiers  under 
my  command. 

To  the  survivors  of  the  Second  New  Hampshire  I  extend  the  hand  of  fellowship.  My  heart 
swells  with  pride  when  I  scan  the  record  of  their  services  in  defence  of  sound  principles,  and  for 
the  maintenance  of  free  institutions.  The  pleasure  of  meeting  with  you  on  the  occasion  of  your 
first  reunion  is  denied  me.  I  wish  I  could  sit  by  your  camp  fire  and  take  part  in  your  proceed- 
ings. An  exchange  of  sentiment  would  be  a  source  of  enjoyment,  while  the  recitation  of 
incidents  of  life  in  camp  and  on  the  march  would  drive  out  the  shadows  which  accompany  the 
recollection  of  the  battle  field. 

Greeting  you  with  words  of  profound  regard,  and  wishing  you  all  an  abundance  of  prosperity 
and  success,  permit  me  to  subscribe  myself,  Very  truly  yours, 

JOSEPH  B.  CARR,  Major-General. 

Sentiment.     To  the  veterans  of  the  old  Third  Corps  as  we  understand  it. 

Dartmouth  College, 

Hanover,  June  lb,  1884. 
Dear  Mr.  Simmons:  I  have  today  received  your  letter  of  Saturday,  for  which  please  accept 
my  cordial  thanks.  It  is  with  sincere  regret  that  I  feel  that  it  will  be  impracticable  for  me  to  be 
present  next  Friday  at  the  reunion  of  the  noble  and  dear  old  Second  regiment.  There  is  hardl  y 
a  day  of  my  life  that  passes  without  the  revival  of  some  of  the  remembrances  connected  with  the 
year  and  a  quarter  that  I  was  with  the  regiment.  Few  things  would  give  me  more  pleasure 
than  again  to  take  by  the  hand  those  I  was  then  associated  with.  Should  I  find  myself  unable 
to  be  present,  may  I  beg  you  to  present  my  heartiest  greetings  to  the  soldiers  who  will  be  there, 
and  my  best  wishes  that  they  may  fight  the  battles  of  life  as  well  as  they  did  those  on  the  Penin- 
sula, at  Manassas,  Fredericksburg,  Gettysburg,  and  before  Richmond.  I  shall  still  pray,  as  I 
used  to  at  dress  parade  and  the  Sabbath  gatherings  in  '61  and  '62,  that  God's  choicest  blessings 
may  be  upon  them  in  this  world  and  the  next.     I  remain  yours  very  truly, 



George  P.  Pendergast,  Co.  D. 

Killed  at  Williamsburg,  May  5,  1862.  He  was 
from  Durham.  The  above  portrait  is  from  a 
faded  ambrotype — the  only  picture  he  ever  had 

New  Orleans,  La.,  June  14,  1SS4. 
Harry  Clifton,  Esq.,  Chairman  Committee: 

Dear  Sir  and  Comrade:  Your  kind  invitation  to  attend  the  Second  Regiment  reunion,  to 
be  held  at  Manchester  on  the  20th  inst.,  has  been  received,  and  it  is  with  feelings  of  regret  that 
I  must  inform  you  of  my  inability  to  be  present.  It  would  afford  me  much  pleasure  to  meet  with 
you  and  once  more  greet  the  men  who  compose  the  remnant  of  that  grand  old  regiment  which 
formed  the  nucleus  of  our  loved  Hooker's  first  command,  and  which  followed  him  over  so  many 
hard  fought  fields.  Though  far  away  from  the  hills  and  valleys  of  the  Granite  State,  and  thus 
debarred  the  privilege  of  occasionally  meeting  the  comrades  of  those  years  of  hardship  and  anx- 
ious trial,  still  my  heart  beats  warmly  toward  all  the  brave  men  who  so  nobly  responded  to  the 
call  for  sacrifice  for  the  nation's  welfare,  but  especially  near  are  those  of  the  Second  New 

In  the  fulfillment  of  a  sacred  duty  on  Memorial  Day,  I  placed  flowers  on  the  graves  of  some 
of  the  New  Hampshire  soldiers  who,  with  thousands  of  others,  known  and  unknown,  rest  in  the 
national  cemetery  by  the  banks  of  the  Mississippi  just  below  New  Orleans.  'T  is  but  a  simple 
deed  we  do,  and  yet  by  it  we  do  but  speak  the  debt  of  gratitude  we  owe  to  those  who  gave  up 
all  for  their  country  and  ours. 

Though  from  your  camp  fire  many  comrades  will  be  missed,  never  again  to  assemble  there, 
still  I  trust  your  gathering  will  be  a  pleasant  one,  where  all  may  receive  new  strength  and  cour- 
age, in  which,  standing  shoulder  to  shoulder  with  each  other  and  mankind,  may  we  so  fight  as 
to  come  off  victors  and  be  ready  to  answer  the  final  roll  call  at  that  glad  reunion  which  shall 
continue  forever.     With  cordial  greeting  to  you  all,  I  remain  sincerely  yours, 


Brief  remarks  by  Captain  Joseph  B.  Clark,  of  the  Eleventh  New 

FIRST  RE  UNION.  3  2 1 

Hampshire,  concluded  the  post  prandial  exercises,  and  an  adjourn- 
ment was  taken  until  7.30  o'clock. 

The  evening  exercises  were  held  at  the  opera  house.  The 
admission  was  by  ticket,  and  at  8  o'clock,  notwithstanding  the  heat, 
which  was  almost  suffocating,  every  seat  was  filled.  The  regiment, 
accompanied  by  the  drum  corps,  marched  from  the  city  hall  to  the 
opera  house,  entering  the  house  and  stage  by  the  rear.  The  stage 
was  flanked  on  either  side  by  the  tattered  battle-bags  of  the  regi- 
ment, and  along  the  balcony  front  were  displayed  the  names  of  the 
many  battles  in  which  the  regiment  had  participated. 

Albion  R.  Simmons  officiated  as  president  of  the  evening.  He 
said  that  some  time  ago  members  of  the  old  Second  regiment  sug- 
gested the  idea  of  holding  a  reunion.  It  had  only  to  be  suggested, 
when  the  boys  took  the  matter  in  hand.  He  saw  by  the  large 
audience  assembled  that  the  interest  in  the  boys  of  the  old  Second 
was  as  keen  as  when,  in  1863,  the  regiment  came  home  to  fill  its 
depleted  ranks  and  was  given  a  grand  ovation  in  that  city.  He 
said  they  would  commence  in  the  same  manner  that  the  daily  life 
of  the  soldier  did — with  the  sounding  of  the  reveille.  The  War 
Veterans'  Drum  Corps  then  came  forward,  and  beat  the  morning 
call  amid  much  enthusiasm. 

Martin  A.  Haynes  was  then  introduced,  and  spoke  at  length 
upon  the  history  and  characteristics  of  the  regiment.  He  pictured 
it  as  made  up  of  rollicking,  boisterous  youth,  whose  straggling  was 
"generally  toward  the  front,  although  in  green-corn  time  they  some- 
times spread  out  on  the  flanks.  On  the  march  they  were  like  a 
party  of  schoolboys  ;  but  you  would  find  them  in  battle  where  the 
minnies  sang  their  merriest  and  the  fight  was  the  fiercest.  The 
regiment's  losses  and  sacrifices  are  set  forth  in  cold  figures  that 
tell  their  own  story.  It  performed  innumerable  deeds  of  heroism, 
and  yet  no  one  of  its  members  ever  received  a  government  medal 
of  honor.  It  built  miles  and  miles  of  breastworks  for  other  troops 
to  fight  behind,  but  except  in  one  solitary  instance  did  its  own 
fighting  in  the  open.  It  has  a  record  that  money  could  net  buy, 
and  the  memories  that  cluster  around  those  dear  old  tattered  shreds 
of  red  and  white  and  blue  will  live  forever. 

The  quartet  that  pleased  the  assembly  so  well  at  the  banquet 


now  appeared  and  rendered  "The  Vacant  Chair,"  and  was  followed 
by  Colonel  Ed.  L.  Bailey,  who  delivered  a  long  address  upon  the 
battle  of  Gettysburg.  While  giving  a  general  description  of  the 
battle  and  of  the  events  leading  up  to  it,  still  this  was  but  a  frame- 
work upon  which  he  built  the  story  of  the  Second  regiment's  part 
therein.  "  Our  regiment,"  he  said,  "  has  never  received  the  credit 
which  of  right  belongs  to  it,  owing  to  the  peculiar  circumstances 
under  which  it  fought,  such  as  its  separation  from  its  proper  brig- 
ade to  serve  with  troops  of  another  division,  being  under  command 
of  General  Graham,  an  officer  unacquainted  with  it  as  an  organiza- 
tion, who,  besides,  was  wounded  and  then  taken  prisoner,  while 
General  Sickles,  who  knew  the  importance  of  the  position  and  some 
of  the  merits  of  the  defense,  was,  unfortunately,  badly  wounded, 
and  thereafter  separated  from  his  corps.  Nevertheless,  all  histori- 
ans of  the  war  will  be  found  to  agree  that  one  of  the  most  important 
as  well  as  bloody  incidents  of  the  battle  of  Gettysburg  occurred  at 
the  peach  orchard.  *  *  But  the  historian  seems  to  be  exceed- 
ingly vague  in  placing  any  Union  troops  in  the  orchard  to  defend 
it.  *  *  Nowhere,  in  any  description  of  the  battle  that  I  have 
seen,  is  any  mention  made  of  a  single  organization  rightly  entitled  to 
it  as  defenders  of  the  angle  at  the  peach  orchard.  You  and  I  know 
that  force  consisted  of  the  Third  Maine,  Sixty-eighth  Pennsylvania 
and  Second  New  Hampshire  regiments  of  infantry,  Battery  G, 
Fourth  New  York  Artillery,  at  first,  and  later  a  regular  battery  of 
artillery,  and  that  this  force  alone,  unaided  by  the  reinforcement  of 
a  single  man,  maintained  the  unequal  action  in  the  angle  of  the 
orchard,  which  made  possible  the  eulogiums  so  lavishly  bestowed 

After  a  selection  by  the  band,  Miss  Harriet  P.  Dame  was  intro- 
duced, who  was  received  with  loud  cheers,  and  simply  bowed  her 

Orren  B.  Stokes,  the  champion  drummer  of  the  world,  was  next 
introduced,  and  beat  the  long  roll  with  the  same  drum  sticks  and 
upon  the  same  drum  that  were  used  by  him  in  beating  the  first  long 
roll  ever  heard  in  the  camp  of  the  Second. 

Comrade  George  H.  Patch,  of  the  Nineteenth  Massachusetts 
regiment,  spoke  eloquently  in  response  to  a  call,  after  which  the 


exercises  closed  with  the  singing  of  "Marching  Through  Georgia," 
by  David  H.  Bean,  the  band  acting  as  accompanist,  and  the  audi- 
ence joining  in  the  chorus.  While  the  audience  was  passing  from 
the  opera  house,  the  band  played  "Yankee  Doodle."  The  Vets. 
gave  three  cheers  for  the  tattered  flags,  and  then  left  the  building 
for  city  hall,  where  refreshments  were  served  and  a  campfire  held 
until  morning,  enlivened  by  songs,  stories  and  camp  reminiscences. 


[The  following  is  a  newspaper  report  of  the  participation  of  the  old  Hooker  brigade  in  the 
ceremonies  attending  the  dedication  of  the  Army  and  Navy  Monument  at  Boston,  Sept.  17, 1877.] 

It  will  probably  be  a  long  time  before  Boston  will  again  see  such 
a  demonstration  as  that  of  last  Monday,  at  the  dedication  of  the 
monument  on  Boston  Common  to  commemorate  the  deeds  of  the 
soldiers  and  sailors  of  that  city  who  fell  in  the  War  of  the  Rebellion. 
Never,  probably,  will  there  be  such  a  parade  of  the  veteran  surviv- 
ors as  on  that  day.  The  procession  numbered  thirty  thousand 
men,  and  was  the  most  imposing  pageant  the  city  ever  witnessed. 

New  Hampshire's  share  in  the  affair  was  most  creditable.  Her 
battalion  numbered  450  veterans,  and  was  commanded  by  General 
Aaron  F.  Stevens.  This  was  exclusive  of  the  old  Second  regiment, 
which,  with  the  First  and  Eleventh  Massachusetts,  forming  "  Hook- 
er's Old  Brigade,"  was  assigned  the  honor  of  escort  to  their  old 
chief,  "  Fighting  Joe."  Hooker.  It  was  certainly  a  proud  day  for 
the  veterans,  and  it  must  have  caused  the  general's  heart  to  beat 
with  oldtime  pride  when  he  found  himself  surrounded  by  six  hun- 
dred men  of  his  old  brigade,  bearing  their  old  battle  flags,  and 
wearing  upon  their  hats  the  white  diamond,  the  badge  of  the  Second 
Division  of  the  old  Third  Corps.  Such  a  reception  as  was  given 
him  by  his  Vets,  in  line  upon  Tremont  street !  Shout  followed 
shout,  and  the  carriage  was  surrounded  by  an  excited  crowd,  all 
eager  for  a  grasp  of  his  hand. 

General  Gilman  Marston,  the  only  survivor  of  the  original  colo- 
nels of  the  brigade,  had  the  proud  distinction  of  commanding  it  on 
this  day.     His  staff  were  representative  men,  including  from  the 











Second,  Major  Evarts  W.  Farr  and  Major  Sam.  Sayles.  The  gene- 
ral himself  came  in  for  an  ovation  from  his  own  men  and  from  the 
Massachusetts  boys.  When  the  old  First,  in  its  march  to  position, 
caught  sight  of  Marston's  familiar  form,  there  was  an  unmilitary 
stampede,  which  for  a  time  left  their  own  colonel  without  a  com- 
mand. And  the  scene  at  the  Board  of  Trade  hall,  where  the  Second 
marched  directly  from  the  Lowell  depot,  and  where  the  men  of  the 
First  were  awaiting  them,  defies  all  description. 

The  Second  was  commanded  by  General  J.  N.  Patterson,  with 
Captain  Ed.  Bean  as  adjutant.  One  hundred  men  were  in  line — a 
most  unexpected  number,  as  the  men  are  widely  scattered. 

It  was  glory  enough  for  one  day  to  march  with  that  tried  six 
hundred,  which  once  took  three  thousand  rifles  into  battle.  They 
were  the  same  old  boys,  and  the  spirit  of  army  days  was  strong 
within  them.  They  marched  off  with  the  swinging  stride  of  veter- 
ans, and  at  every  halt  astonished  the  spectators  with  exhibitions  of 
army  pranks  and  antics.  Out  from  the  ranks  would  waltz  a  party 
in  a  "  stag  dance  "  which  brought  to  memory  the  Virginia  camp 
scenes,  or  the  times  when  the  skirmishers  were  pegging  away  at  the 
front,  while  the  brigade  was  awaiting  the  order  to  "go  in."  But 
when  the  bugle  sounded,  "  Fall  in  !"  back  to  line  they  would  swing, 
and  march  off  with  a  swing  which  told  plainer  than  words  that  they 
were  something  more  than  holiday  soldiers. 

The  history  of  Hooker's  old  brigade  was  a  glorious  one.  * 
At  Fredericksburg  it  made  its  last  fight  as  the  "  Old  Brigade."  In 
the  winter  of  1862-3  the  Second  returned  to  New  Hampshire  to 
recruit  its  depleted  ranks,  and  never  stood  in  line  with  it  again. 
Upon  its  return,  in  the  spring,  the  Second  regiment  was  assigned 
to  the  Second  New  Jersey  Brigade,  an  organization  with  which  it 
was  an  honor  to  be  associated ;  but  they  felt  they  were  not  entirely 
at  home.  Whenever,  upon  the  march  or  in  battle,  the  dissevered 
organizations  came  together,  there  was  such  a  greeting  as  showed 
how  strong  were  the  ties  between  the  four  old  regiments  which  had 
marched  and  camped  and  fought  together  in  the  early  days  of  the 
war.  To  each,  there  were  no  regiments  like  those  to  which  they 
were  bound  by  the  early  associations — no  boys  like  those  who  wore 
upon  their  caps  the  "1,"  the  "2,"  the  "11,"  or  the  "26."     That 


explains  the  wild  enthusiasm,  the  heartfelt  joy,  the  brotherly  affec- 
tion with  which  the  survivors  of  "Hooker's  Old  Brigade"  greeted 
each  other  on  the  seventeenth  of  September,  at  Boston. 


In  a  commanding  position  upon  the  grounds  of  the  New  Hamp- 
shire Veteran  Association,  at  Weirs,  stands  the  spacious  headquarters 
building  of  the  Second  Regiment,  embosomed  in  the  native  pines, 
and  fronting  an  unsurpassed  view  of  lake  and  mountain  scenery. 
To  this  spot,  every  year,  in  the  last  week  of  beautiful  August,  come 
scores  of  the  old  Second  men  to  participate  in  the  festivities  attend- 
ing the  annual  reunion  of  the  New  Hampshire  veterans. 

This  building  is  their  home,  for  which  they  are  indebted  to  the 
munificent  generosity  of  their  old  comrade,  Harriet  P.  Dame.  She 
it  was  who  caused  it  to  be  erected,  paid  all  the  bills,  and  then  said 
to  the  old  boys  :   "  It  is  yours— take  it  and  enjoy  it !  " 

The  accompanying  illustration  gives  a  good  view  of  the  building 
and  its  surroundings.  From  the  piazza  one  enters  directly  the 
great  reception  room,  occupying  the  entire  floor,  with  the  exception 
of  a  space  at  one  end  which  is  fitted  and  furnished  for  a  kitchen. 
The  walls  are  hung  with  portraits  and  pictures  and  mementoes  of 
especial  interest  to  the  Second,  and  a  big  fireplace,  with  andirons 
of  a  special  military  design,  is  a  token  of  cheer  and  comfort  of  a 
cold  evening.  On  the  second  floor  is  the  sleeping  room,  furnished 
with  an  abundance  of  good  mattresses,  most  of  which  are  the  prop- 
erty of  the  association.  The  private  room  of  Miss  Dame  is  on  this 
floor,  under  the  tower.  It  is  comfortably,  although  inexpensively, 
furnished,  and  she  has  never  yet  failed  to  occupy  it  at  the  annual 

Even  the  youngest  of  the  old  Second  men  are  now  drawing 
toward  the  sear  and  yellow  leaf.  At  every  reunion  are  spoken  with 
sorrow  the  names  of  many  who  have  fallen  since  the  last.  Still  it 
may  be  many  years  before  this  home  at  Weirs  will  be  the  scene  of 
the  last  gathering  and  witness  the  final  hand-shakes  of  men  who 
followed  the  flag  of  "The  Gallant  Second." 





FROM    A     POEM    BY    .MARTIN*    A.    HAYNES,    READ    AT   THE    SECOND    REUNION    OF    NEW     HAMPSHIRE 
VETERANS,    AT    WEIRS,    AUGUST    13,    14   AND    15,    1878. 

WITH  the  olden- time  mem'ries  that  cluster  to-day, 
There  come  thoughts  of  the  time  we  went  marching  away — 
Marching  off,  at  the  call,  with  a  thousand  in  line, 
Mid  the  flower  of  our  manhood,  those  comrades  of  mine. 

There  were  youth  from  the  work  shops,  the  schools,  and  the  mills ; 

There  were  friends  of  my  boyhood,  and  memory  thrills 

At  the  call  of  the  names  that  are  musical  yet, 

And,  the  proudest  in  line,  marched  our  Famous  Quartette. 

Our  quartette  of  sweet  singers  !  their  voices  I  hear, 
Floating  up  from  the  past,  and  the  listening  ear 
Catches  strains  of  sweet  music,  and  "  Bonnie  Dundee  " 
Is  wafted,  a  phantom  of  song,  unto  me. 

O,  the  home  songs  they  sang,  when  from  far  and  from  near, 
From  the  camps  the  bronzed  soldiers  would  cluster  to  hear ; 
For  oft,  when  the  night  mists  lay  heavy  and  wet, 
There  came  thousands  to  list  to  our  Famous  Quartette. 

I  have  seen  the  stern  vet'ran,  whose  heart  never  quailed 
When  the  battle  raged  fiercest  and  leaden  death  hailed — 
Seen  his  manly  breast  heave,  and  his  clear  eye  grow  dim, 
As  their  songs  brought  a  vision  of  loved  ones  to  him. 



Martin  A.  Haynes,  Co.  I. 

And  in  memory,  oft,  when  the  arch  overhead 
With  the  field  of  God's  great  starry  banner  is  spread, 
As  they  stood  in  the  gleam  of  our  bivouac  fires  set, 
I  see  them,  our  singers,  our  Famous  Quartette. 

And  we  marched,  and  we  fought,  and  the  months  they  rolled  on, 
And  the  battles  were  lost,  and  the  battles  were  won, 
But  the  Grim  Reaper  came,  and  our  pathway  was  red, 
Where  the  on-marching  line  left  its  trail  of  the  dead. 

I  remember  a  night  when  the  weary  brigade 

By  the  ford  of  the  river  its  bivouac  had  made, 

When  the  day's  march  was  ended,  the  blazing  sun  set : 

'T  was  their  last  night  together — our  Famous  Quartette. 

"  OUR  FAMOUS  quartette:' 


Martin  A,  Haynes, 

On  the  camp  gleamed  the  stars  from  the  clear  southern  sky, 
And  in  broad,  rippling  shallows  the  river  swept  by ; 
While  like  stern  giant  sentries  loomed  up  through  the  night 
Grim  old  war-seamed  Manassas  and  Centerville  Height. 

And  our  singers,  that  night,  O  how  sweetly  they  sang  ! 
And  how  clear  o'er  the  meadows  their  melodies  rang  ! 
For  they  knew  not  how  soon  manly  eyes  should  be  wet, 
When  they  sang  their  own  dirges,  our  Famous  Quartette. 

For  the  morn  brought  the  battle.     At  nightfall  I  stood 

Where  our  batteries  hurled  random  shots  down  through  the  wood 

Where  a  third  of  our  glorious  old  Second  were  laid 

Mid  the  wreck  of  that  wild  charge  of  Grover's  brigade. 


O,  say  not  't  was  weakness  !     O,  scoff  not  the  tear  ! 
When  I  wept  as  the  mourner  who  bends  o'er  the  bier  ; 
For  silent  and  cold,  where  the  night  dews  lay  wet 
In  the  valley,  slept  two  of  our  Famous  Quartette. 

O,  the  voices  we  loved,  that  Death's  presence  had  stilled  ! 
O,  the  void  in  the  ranks,  that  could  never  be  filled  ! 
O,  the  sorrow  that  came  to  the  soldier  that  day, 
When  Smiley  and  Robinson  fell  by  the  way  ! 

And  again  we  went  marching,  with  hearts  ever  true — 
But  a  fragment  was  left  of  our  thousand  in  blue — 
Till  the  smoke-shrouded  sun  on  Cold  Harbor's  field  set, 
And  death  claimed  the  third  from  our  Famous  Quartette. 

Harry  Hayward  fell,  gasping.     They  bore  him  away 
To  the  sheltered  ravine  where  our  wounded  men  lay. 
With  a  grim  smile  he  answered  the  pitying  eye  : — 
•"Yes,  it  's  all  up  with  me,  Doc. ;  I  '11  lie  down  and  die." 

And  he  lay  mid  the  dying,  with  unflinching  pride, 
Till  the  grim  boatman  bore  him  away  to  the  side 
Where  comrades,  awaiting,  their  watch  fires  had  set, 
And  again  he  was  joined  with  our  Famous  Quartette. 

O,  say,  were  they  braver  who  stood  in  the  pass 

Where  you  marshaled  your  legion,  O,  Leonidas  ? 

Were  they  truer  to  country,  those  Spartans  of  old, 

Than  the  sons  of  New  Hampshire  whose  story  I  've  told? 

And  the  answer  comes  :   "  No  !  for  the  patriot  call 

Each  answered  with  sacrifice  grandest  of  all  ; 

And  together,  in  halls  of  the  heroes,  we  're  met, 

Where  Thermopylae's  Greeks  greet  your  Famous  Quartette." 

O,  my  native  New  Hampshire,  no  braver  are  known 
Than  those  who  draw  life  from  thy  bosom  of  stone ; 
Who  breathe  Liberty's  air  in  the  gales  from  thy  hills, 
And  of  Freedom  drink  deep  from  thy  crystal-clear  rills. 


For  their  heart-strings  are  knit  from  the  sinewy  oak, 

And  their  pulses  are  tuned  where  the  mountain  storm  broke ; 

And  their  eye  with  the  eagle's  is  trained  in  its  flight, 

As  thev  tread  with  proud  footstep  the  grand  mountain  height. 

They  have  stood,  in  the  past,  where  the  rivers  ran  red, 
And  their  "  quota  "  was  full  on  the  roll  of  the  dead ; 
And  it  needs  but  the  trumpet  call,  sounding  again, 
To  summons  to  battle  thy  stern  mountain  men. 

Let  it  ring,  and  again  they  '11  come  marching  in  lines 
Like  the  unbending  front  of  your  forest  of  pines  ; 
And  breasting  the  battle-tide's  deadliest  shock, 
You  will  find  the  old  Granite  State's  ramparts  of  rock. 



There  was  silence  for  a  moment 

On  th'  ensanguined  field  of  strife, 
Where  the  sons  of  the  Republic 

Battled  for  a  Nation's  life  ; 
And  a  solemn,  deathlike  stillness 

On  the  scene  of  carnage  fell, 
When  the  order,  "Forward,  Second!" 

Echoed  over  hill  and  dell. 

Down  they  swept  upon  the  foeman, — 

Brave  New  Hampshire's  granite  sons  ! — 
With  the  knell  of  the  Rebellion 

Ringing  from  their  serried  guns, 
Till  the  dark  lines  of  the  traitors 

Shrank  beneath  the  bayonet's  shock, 
As  the  mighty  waves  of  ocean 

Shrink  from  off  the  beetling  rock. 


Forward  still  the  gallant  Second 

Swept  through  fire  and  blood  and  flame, 
With  their  hearts'  best  life-blood  washing 

From  our  past  its  page  of  shame  ; 
From  the  flank  unto  the  center, 

Where  the  brave  old  Marston  towers, 
Not  a  single  patriot  wavers, 

Though  the  death-shot  round  them  showers. 

Forward  still,  though  death  and  carnage 

Hovered  darkly  o'er  the  way, 
Where  the  columns  of  the  traitors 

In  their  sinful  prowess  lay, 
Swept  the  Second,  though  environed 

By  a  line  of  triple  steel, 
Till  the  dead  lay  thick  and  gory 

'Neath  the  warrior's  trampling  heel. 

Then  they  turned,  when  human  valor 

Could  sustain  the  shock  no  more, 
With  their  bayonets'  brilliant  gleaming 

Deadened  by  the  traitors'  gore. 
Back  they  came,  but  not  the  Second 

Which  advanced  in  power  and  pride  : 
It  was  but  the  shattered  remnant 

Which  had  stemmed  the  battle-tide. 

Shall  it  ever  be  forgotten — 

The  New  Hampshire  Second's  charge? 
Will  not  History  engrave  it 

On  some  sacred  page  or  marge, 
Where  the  coming  generations 

May  the  blood-marked  lesson  read, 
And  gain  courage  by  its  precept 

For  their  darkest  hour  of  need? 



For  New  Hampshire's  gallant  fallen 

Be  no  tear  of  pity  shed  ; 
In  the  records  of  our  glory 

Still  they  live — they  are  not  dead  ! 
And  they  still  shall  guard  our  banner, 

Till  the  nations  from  afar 
Hail  its  heaven-united  orbits 

With  no  lost  or  fallen  star  ! 



A  song  for  the  Second,  that  gallant  old  band, 

Who  through  all  of  this  war's  desolation, 
Have  fought  for  their  homes  and  their  dear  native  land, 

To  preserve  us  a  country  and  nation. 
Then  cheer  for  the  Second ;    the  flag  of  the  free 

From  its  empire  no  traitor  shall  sever  ; 
For  its  folds  by  our  soldiers  supported  shall  be. 

"  The  flag  of  our  Union  forever  and  ever, 
The  flag  of  our  Union  forever  !  " 

When  the  Southrons  rose  up  in  their  terrible  might, 

To  hurl  at  the  Northmen  their  thunder, 
The  Granite  State  flag  in  the  thickest  of  fight 

Bade  the  traitorous  foe  "  stand  from  under"; 
And  at  Williamsburg's  battle,  when  dark  loomed  the  day, 

O'er  the  field  red  with  carnage  and  gory, 
Swept  the  flag  of  the  Second,  through  battle  array, 

The  ensign  of  triumph  and  glory. 

Then  cheer  for  the  Second,  etc. 


At  the  closing  Bull  Run,  when  the  order  to  charge 

Was  given,  the  foemen  soon  reckoned 
Their  advance  had  attained  to  its  uttermost  marge, 

For  down  swept  the  gallant  old  Second  ; 
Their  ranks  by  the  cannon  were  shattered  and  torn, 

By  war's  tempest  their  banner  was  riven, 
But  still  they  swept  on,  though  their  hope  seemed  forlorn, 

For  each  star  was  a  beacon  from  heaven. 

Then  a  song  for  the  Second,  that  gallant  old  band, 

With  the  Granite  State  flag  waving  o'er  them ; 
They  will  strike  for  their  homes  and  their  God-given  land, 

For  the  flag,  and  the  country  which  bore  them. 
And  ne'er  from  that  flag  shall  one  God-penciled  star 

From  its  Union's  blest  firmament  sever, 
For  the  Second's  proud  war-cry  shall  echo  afar, 

"  The  flag  of  our  Union  forever  and  ever, 
The  flag  of  our  Union  forever." 



Give  her  a  niche  in  the  Temple  of  Fame — 

Our  hospital  matron,  Harriet  Dame  ! 

She  left  her  home  in  the  Granite  State, 

To  share  with  the  soldier  his  lot  and  fate  ; 

Wherever  the  Second  New  Hampshire  was  called, 

There  was  our  matron,  unappalled. 

She  followed  us  close  to  the  battle's  brink, 

And  never  was  known  to  flee  or  shrink ; 

Mid  danger  and  death,  mid  sickness  and  pain, 

We  never  looked  for  her  face  in  vain. 

To  visit  and  comfort,  to  cheer  and  bless, 


To  sorrow  appease,  and  relieve  distress, 

This  her  ambition  and  soul's  desire, 

That  burned  in  her  breast  like  a  vestal  fire. 

After  the  terrible  fight  was  done 

At  the  second  battle  of  Bull  Run, 

Our  wounded  were  left  in  the  rebel  lines, 

And  she  was  there,  mid  the  stunted  pines, 

In  the  midst  of  the  bloodiest  field  accurst, 

Bearing  water  to  quench  the  thirst 

Of  the  wounded  men,  in  delirium  wild, 

With  the  blood  and  dust  of  war  defiled. 

Stonewall  Jackson,  he  found  her  there, 
And  was  filled  with  respect  at  her  noble  air  ; 
He  said  to  his  surgeons,  "  Pitch  her  a  tent, 
This  kindly  woman  of  grand  intent, 
In  safety  her  mission  to  fulfill ; 
Give  her  protection — it  is  my  will." 

Then  the  rebel  soldiers,  first  and  last, 
Blessed  her  and  bowed  whene'er  she  passed ; 
A  guard  'round  her  tent  at  night  they  stood, 
In  the  kindly  feeling  of  brotherhood. 
"  If  such  are  Yankee  women,"  they  said, 
"  No  wonder  we  do  not  Bret  ahead  !  " 


And  when  an  armistice  was  arranged, 
And  the  wounded  men  were  interchanged, 
As  off  the  field  the  last  ambulance  rolled, 
And  the  dead  were  buried  beneath  the  mold, 
Stonewall  Jackson  said  to  his  men, 
"Convey  the  lady  home  again." 

Rebels  before,  and  rebels  behind, 

Were  a  guard  of  honor,  as  he  designed. 

Such  a  shout  of  joy  as  our  boys  upsent, 

When  she  rested  at  home  in  her  own  snug  tent, 

Never  was  heard  by  the  welkin  blue. 

I  have  told  the  story ;  and  what  say  you  ? 


FAREWELL  ORDER  TO  17bh  N.  H.  V. 

Headquarters  2D  N.  Hamp.  Vols., 
District  of  St.  Mary's,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
General  Order,  No.  14.  September  22,  1863. 

Soldiers  of  the  Seventeenth  New  Hampshire   Volunteers: 

You  are  about  to  part  with  your  comrades  of  the  Second  for  the 
more  peaceful  and  happier  atmosphere  of  your  domestic  firesides. 
Aroused  by  the  necessities  of  your  country,  you  assembled  under  a 
gallant  and  accomplished  leader  with  justly  high  hopes  to  lead  with 
him  a  brilliant  career.     *     * 

After  months  of  uncertainty,  *  *  the  17th  and  2d  N.  H. 
Regiments  were  consolidated,  *  *  since  which  time  you  have 
labored  patiently  and  harmoniously.  You  had  no  choice  in  your 
disposition — you  were  not  electors  of  place.  Yet,  though  not  sent 
to  battle  under  the  most  favorable  circumstances,  you  have  com- 
ported yourselves  as  men  should,  and  have  secured  the  respect  and 
friendship  of  your  companions  and  officers. 

Your  term  of  service,  though  short,  has  been  eventful.  You 
will  return  to  the  quiet  of  your  pleasant  homes  with  the  proud  satis- 
faction that  your  career  embraced  participation  in  one  of  the  most 
arduous  campaigns  and  the  hardest  fought  and  most  glorious  battles, 
in  its  results,  of  any  of  this  war.  Called  to  sustain  a  part  which 
tested  your  patiotism  and  valor,  the  ordeal  prepared  for  you  was  the 
occupaney  of  the  most  exposed  position  ;  during  that  terrible  contest 
you  stood  firmly,  shoulder  to  shoulder,  with  the  familiars  of  fifteen 
battles,  fighting  as  valiantly.     *     * 

I  thank  you  for  the  prompt,  brave  and  efficient  performance  of 
duty  ;  your  respect  and  cheerful  obedience  to  orders,  which  has 
been  your  conduct  uniformly  during  the  period  I  haVe  had  the 
honor  to  be  connected  with  you  in  the  capacity  of  a  commander.   " 


Col.  2d  X.  H.   I  \ 

John  D.  Cooper,  Adjutant. 






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To    Whom  it  May   Concern  : 

As  the  subscribers  expect  soon  to  be  mustered  out  of  service, 
we  desire  to  express  our  appreciation  of  the  character  and  services 
of  our  Chaplain,  Rev.  J.  W.  Adams. 

It  is  but  justice  to  him  to  state  that  his  moral,  christian,  and  • 
ministerial  character  is  above  reproach.  His  love  of  country,  his 
practical  sympathy  for  the  sick  and  wounded,  his  appropriate  coun- 
sels and  efficient  public  ministrations,  together  with  his  social 
qualities,  have  won  for  him  the  respect  and  affectionate  regard  of 
both  officers  and  men. 

In  every  battle  in  which  the  regiment  has  been  engaged  since 
he  joined  it,  he  has  performed  his  duty  with  bravery,  always  having 
been  "  under  fire,"  and  frequently  at  the  extreme  front,  assisting 
the  wounded,  comforting  the  dying,  and  giving  to  the  dead  a  christ- 
ian burial.  His  services  in  the  Hospital  as  well  as  the  field,  deserve 

The  sick  will  hold  him  in  grateful  remembrance  for  his  religious 
services,  the  distribution  of  reading,  the  faithful  appropriation  of 
comforts  furnished  by  charitable  societies,  and  many  offices  of 

As  the  agent  of  the  regiment  in  holding,  disbursing,  and  trans- 
mitting  many    thousand    dollars    of   its    funds,    the    most    perfect- 
satisfaction  has  been  given. 

In  the  observance  of  the  Sabbath  by  regular  public  religious 
services,  he  has  been  persistent,  and,  considering  the  difficulties 
which  are  peculiar  to  army  life,  he  has  had  very  great  success. 

If  in  the  providence  of  God  we  are  called  to  sunder  our  present 
relations,  we  shall  carry  with  us  many  pleasant  memories  of  our 
association  with  him.  And  wherever  in  the  future  he  may  be  called 
to  labor,  we  unhesitatingly  recommend  him  as  worthy  of  confidence, 
respect,  and  support ;  and  trust  he  will  ever  receive  that  honorable 
consideration  to  which  he  is  entitled  by  periling  his  life  for  the 
welfare  of  his  regiment  and  the  salvation  of  our  country. 

Colonel  and  Bt't.  Brig.  Gen., 
and  all  the  other  Officers  of  the  Regiment. 


To  Messrs.  J.  N.  Patterson,  Bvt.  Brig.  Gen.,  and  all  the    Commis- 
sioned Officers  of  the  2d  Regiment  N.  H.  Vols. 

I  hereby  acknowledge  the  reception  of  the  testimonial  in  which 
you  so  unanimously  join  to  honor  me  for  my  humble  services  as 
your  chaplain.  To  receive  such  unqualified  praise  from  the  intel- 
ligent men  with  whom  I  have  been  so  intimately  associated  for 
more  than  two  years  past,  is  more  than  I  could  expect ;  and  any 
expressions  which  I  may  be  able  to  coin  are  insufficient  to  convey 
to  you  my  appreciation  of  the  compliment.  I  can  only  say  I  have 
tried  by  a  faithful  discharge  of  the  multifarious  duties  of  my  office 
to  deserve  your  kind  remembrance.  To  labor  in  such  a  cause,  to 
be  able  to  minister  to  the  temporal  and  spiritual  wants  of  such  men, 
and  to  be  thus  commended,  will  be  a  satisfaction  more  precious 
than  gold,  and  more  lasting  than  the  parchment  on  which  you  have 
been  pleased  to  subscribe  your  names.  This  roll  shall  be  my 
talisman,  by  whose  magic  power  many  of  the  sweetest  and  most 
thrilling  memories  of  my  past  life  shall  be  made  perennial ;  and 
from  which  inspiration  shall  be  taken  for  the  highest  aims  and  for 
the  noblest  purposes.  May  the  blessing  of  God  and  a  grateful 
people  be  your  recompense  !  Though  victory  perches  upon  our 
banners,  and  our  peaceful  homes,  dearer  than  ever  before,  beckon 
us  away,  it  is  not  without  a  tinge  of  sadness  we  say  at  last,  farewell ! 
Farewell  to  the  dear  brave  boys  we  have  laid  in  their  distant  soldier 
graves  !  Farewell  to  the  living  brave  !  We  shall  not  all  of  us  meet 
again  in  time.  In  Heaven  we  may.  And  now,  while  the  parting 
grasp  of  friendship  is  yet  warm,  shall  we  not  all  unite  in  saying,  In 
Heaven  we  will  !  Most  respectfully,  &c, 



State  of  New  Hampshire, 
In  the  year  of  our  Lord  one  thousand  eight  hundred  and  sixty-four. 
Resolved  by  the  Senate  and  House  of  Representatives  in   General  Court  convened:  That 
the  grateful  thanks  of  the  State  of  New  Hampshire  are  hereby  presented  to  Brig.   Gen.  Gilman 
Marston  for  the  patriotic  devotion  and  conspicuous  gallantry  by  which  he  has  won  for  himself 
imperishable  fame,  and  reflected  honor  upon  the  State  of  his  nativity. 

Resolved,  Thatthe  Secretary  of  State  be  instructed  to  forward  a  copy  of  these  resolutions  to 
Brigadier-General  Marston,  and  a  like  copy  to  the  commanding  officer  of  each  regiment  of  New 
Hampshire  Volunteers  in  the  field,  to  be  read  at  the  head  of  their  respective  commands. 

Speaker  of  the  House  of  Representatives. 

President  of  the  Senate. 



Air — "  The  Happy  Land  of  Canaan." 


BY    W.    F.    S.* 

Did  you  see  the  bloody  fray, 
On  the  glorious  fifth  of  May, 
When  we  whipped  the  rebel  legions  most  uncommonly? 
(Spoken — Well,  I  guess  we  did,) 
Though  they  fought  like  very  Turks, 
To  protect  their  bristling  works, 
And  the  line  of  the  sacred  Chickahominy. 
Chorus.— Oh!  Oh!  Oh! 

Rebel  stock  is  getting  low, 
Joe  Johnson  ain't  a  Bonaparte  or  Jomini, 
And  Richmond  ain't  so  sure 
From  the  Yankees  it's  secure, 
Tho'  it  lies  far  beyond  the  Chickahominy. 

At  Williamsburg  they  stood, 
In  the  strength  of  fort  and  wood, 
Resolved,  if  McClellan  dared  to  come  on,  he — 

(Spoken — They  knew  he  was  coming,  too.) 
Should  have  his  mortal  fill 
Of  their  rifle  balls  and  shell, 
And  die  before  he  reached  the  Chickahominy. 
Chorus.— Oh!  Oh!  Oh! 

Bragging  would  not  do. 
Joe  Johnson  warn't  a  Bonaparte  or  Jomini ; 
And  Richmond  wasn't  sure 
From  the  Yankees  'twas  secure, 
Tho'  it  lay  far  beyond  the  Chickahominy. 

*The  initiais  are  those  of  Colonel  William  F.  Small  of  the  Twenty-sixth  Pennsylvania.  Only 
three  or  four  days  after  the  battle  of  Williamsburg,  Lieutenant  Joseph  A.  Hubbard  brought  the 
manuscript  to  the  author  of  this  volume,  who  procured  its  printing  in  sheet  form.  It  held  its 
popularity  as  a  camp  song  in  Hooker's  Division,  and  many  of  the  old  broadside  sheets  are  still 
carefully  preserved  and  treasured. 


When  Hooker  came  along, 

Tho'  scarce  ten  thousand  strong, 
He  thrashed  their  fifty  thousand  like  a  Dominie, 

(Spoken — He  gave  it  to  them  right  and  left,  like  our 
old  school-master  used  to  do  at  Briar  Bottom,  but 
when  he  came  to  touch  up  their  rear,  didn't  they 
make  tracks  for  the  river  ?) 

And  he  made  the  rebels  know 

"Double  quick"  they'd  have  to  go 
To  the  "last  ditch"  on  the  muddy  Chickahominy. 

Chorus.— Oh!  Oh!  Oh! 

They  knew  it  was  just  so, 
Joe  Johnson  warn't  a  Bonaparte,  &c,  &c. 

The  brave  New  Jersey  Blues 

Gave  the  traitors  all  their  dues, 
While  the  Excelsior  boys  from  Mozart  Hall  and  Tammany 

No  choice  the  rebels  gave 

But  a  stampede  or  the  grave, 
The  Styx  or  the  nearer  Chickahominy. 

Chorus.— Oh  !  Oh  !  Oh  !  &c,  &c. 

The  Massachusetts  First 
Like  a  tempest  on  them  burst, 
While  th'  Eleventh  gave  them  lessons  in  astronomy, 

(Spoken — Well,  I  guess  they  did  make  them  see  stars.) 
And  the  brave  New  Hampshire  Second 
Kind  of  rather  guessed  and  reckoned 
They'd  not  stop  'till  they  reached  the  Chickahominy. 
Chorus.— Oh  !  Oh  !  Oh  !  &c,  &c. 

And  the  Keystone  Twenty-sixth 
In  the  bloody  battle  mixed, 
Making  havoc  in  poor  Rebeldom's  gastronomy; 

(Spoken — They  hadn't  such  a  stomachful  for  a  long  time.) 
And  all  the  traitor  sinners 
Who  didn't  get  their  dinners 
Hurried  up  the  cakes  for  tea  at  Chickahominy. 
Chorus.— Oh  !  Oh  !  Oh  !  &c,  &c. 


Then  our  reinforcements  came 
To  finish  out  the  game, 
According  to  i  :  40  Deuteronomy ; 

(Spoken — See  chapter  1 ,  verse  40,  and  following,  of  the 
Sacred  Book,  "and  when  found,  make  a  note  of  it." 
And  Northern  lead  and  steel 
Made  the  Godless  rebels  reel 
To  their  Kadish  on  the  dirty  Chickahominy. 

Chorus.— Oh  !  Oh  !  Oh  !  &c,  &c. 

Oh  !  light  lie  each  head 

Of  our  brave,  immortal  dead  ; 
To  the  wounded  be  the  care  of  home's  economy ; 

And  may  the  sound  and  well 

With  the  blood  of  rebels  swell 
The  tide  of  their  purple  Chickahominy. 

Chorus.— Oh  !  Oh  !  Oh  ! 

We'll  make  them  feel  and  know,. 
Joe  Johnson  ain't  a  Bonaparte  or  Jomini ; 
And  we  sing  this  loyal  ditty 
In  Richmond's  rebel  city, 
When,  conquering,  we  cross  the  Chickahominy. 

(Spoken — Which  will  be  very  soon,  if  not  before.') 




Oilman  Marston,  Edward  L.  Bailey,  Joab  N.  Patterson. 


Francis  S.  Fiske,  Edward  L.  Bailey,  James  W.  Carr,  Joab  N. 
Patterson,  John  D.  Cooper,  Levi  N.  Converse. 


Josiah  Stevens,  Jr.,  Edward  L.  Bailey,  James  W.  Carr,  Samuel 
P.  Sayles,  John  D.  Cooper,   Levi  N.  Converse,  George  T.  Carter. 


Samuel  G.  Langley,  Center  H.  Lawrence,  Albert  M.  Perkins, 
John  D.  Cooper,  Edgar  B.  LeGro,  Charles  E.  Plaisted,  Robert  C. 


John  S.  Godfrey,  Francis  W.  Perkins,  James  A.  Cook,  Charles 
H.  Shute,  Abner  F.  Durgin. 


George  H.  Hubbard,  James  M.  Merrow,  William  P.  Stone. 


James  M.  Merrow,  Oscar  Worthley,  William  P.  Stone,  William 
G.  Stark,  Sylvanus  Bunton,  Willard  C.  Kempton. 


Henry  E.  Parker,  George  S.  Barnes,  John  W.  Adams. 




Captains — Tileston  A.  Barker,  Levi  N.  Converse,  Edward  Clark. 

First  Lieutenants — Henry  N.  Metcalf,  Frederick  W.  Cobb,  Levi 
N.  Converse,  Silas  Hayvvard,  Samuel  F.  Holbrook,  Oliver  M.  Dame, 
John  E.  Hartwell. 

Second  Lieutenants — Herbert  B.  Titus,  Frederick  W.  Cobb,  Levi 
N.  Converse,  Silas  Hayward,  John  M.  Lord,  Robert  Miller,  William 
Williams,  John  W.  Hammond. 


Captains — Simon  G.  Griffin,  Abiel  W.  Colby,  Joshua  F.  Littlefield, 
Joseph  A.  Hubbard,  William  H.  Smith,  George  T.  Carter,  Charles 
E.  Plaisted. 

First  Lieutenants — Charles  W.  Walker,  Abiel  W.  Colby,  George 
W.  Boyden,  William  W.  Ballard,  George  M.  Shute,  Frank  W.  Mor- 
gan, Lewis  Wood. 

Second  Lieutenants — Abiel  W.  Colby,  Charles  Holmes,  William 
W.  Ballard,  John  D.  Cooper,  George  M.  Shute,  Rufus  L.  Bean, 
Thomas  Lees,  Benjamin  F.  Peters,  James  Harvey. 

company  c. 

Captains — James  W.  Carr,  John  F.  Holman,  George  W.  Roberts, 
Hugh  R.  Richardson,  Edward  D.  Bean. 

First  Lieutenants — James  H.  Piatt,  George  W.  Roberts,  James  H. 
Baker,  Silas  L.  Hayward,  Frank  C.  Wasley,  Edward  D.  Bean,  Milan 
D.  Spaulding. 
Frank  A.  Hervey,  James  A.  Sanborn,  Samuel  F.  Patterson. 

Second  Lieutenants — Samuel  O.  Burnham,  Frank  C.  Wasley,  Wil- 
liam Montgomery,  Joseph  H.  Wilkinson,  James  A.  Hutton. 

company  d. 

Captains — Hiram  Rollins,  Samuel  P.  Sayles,  George  E.  Sides, 
Albert  M.  Perkins,  Edgar  B.  LeGro. 

First  Lieutenants — Samuel  P.  Sayles,  Warren  H.  Parmenter, 
George  W.  Gordon,  Henry  Hayward,  David  M.  Perkins,  Charles  H. 
Shute,  George  W.  Nixon,  Edwin  Richardson,  Charles  E.  Jones. 


Second  Lieutenants — Warren  H.  Parmenter,  George  W.  Roberts, 
Charles  H.  Shute,  Enoch  G.  Adams,  James  E.  Saunders,  Edwin  D. 


Captains — Leonard  Drown,  William  H.  Smith,  James  H.  Piatt, 
Henry  Hayward,  James  E.  Saunders,  Daniel  W.  Bohonan. 

First  Lieutenants — William  H.  Smith,  Isaac  N.  Vesper,  Jacob 
Hall,  Charles  A.  McGlaughlin,  Charles  H.  Streeter,  Benjamin  F. 

Second  Lieutenants — Ai  B.  Thompson,  Albert  M.  Perkins,  Wil- 
liam H.  Colcord,  John  M.  Lord,  James  H.  Andrews,  Charles  W. 


Captains — Thomas  Snow,  Henry  N.  Metcalf,  David  Steele,  Har- 
rison D.  F.  Young,  Frank  W.  Morgan. 

First  Lieutenants — Joshua  F.  Littlefield,  Henry  N.  Metcalf,  Hugh 
R.  Richardson,  Alvin  S.  Wiggin, .  James  H.  Baker,  Henry  A.  Flint, 
Gilman  T.  Gould. 

Second  Lieutenants — Harrison  D.  F.  Young,  Norton  R.  Moore, 
James  H.  Baker,  Alvin  S.  Wiggin,  James  H.  Swain,  Joseph  Lemons. 


Captains — Ephraim  Weston,    Evarts    W.  Farr,  James   H.  Piatt, 

David  Steele,  Samuel  F.  Holbrook. 

First    Lieutenants — Evarts    W.    Farr,    Sylvester    Rogers,    David 

Steele,    George  M.    Shute,  Hiram  K.   Ladd,    James   E.   Saunders, 
Charles  A.  Locke,  James  W.  Felt. 

Second  Lieutenants — Sylvester  Rogers,  David  Steele,  Edmond 
Dascomb,  John  McDonald,  Rufus  L.  Bean,  John  E.  Hartwell,  Free- 
man F.  Sanborn. 


Captains — Ichabod  Pearl,  Joshua  F.  Littlefield,  Joab  N.  Patter- 
son, Albert  J.  Hanson. 

First  Lieutenants — Joab  N.  Patterson,  Harrison  D.  F.  Young, 
John  D.  Cooper,  Andrew  G.  Bracy,  Albert  J.  Hanson,  Edward 
Clark,  Henry  C.  Tyler. 


Second  Lieutenants — William  H.  Prescott,  John  F.  Holman,  An- 
drew G.  Bracy,  William  Montgomery,  James  Thompson,  George  C 


Captains — Edward  L.  Bailey,  Joseph  A.  Hubbard,  George  W. 
Gordon,  Thomas  E.  Marshall. 

First  Lieutenants — Samuel  G.  Langley  (Adjt.),  Joseph  A.  Hub- 
bard, Oscar  A.  Mooar,  Hiram  K.  Ladd,  Alvin  S.  Vviggin,  Thomas 
E.  Marshall,  Robert  C.  Sides,  Freeman  F.  Sanborn. 

Second  Lieutenants — Joseph  A.  Hubbard,  George  W.  Gordon, 
Charles  Vickery,  Robert  L.  Miller,  David  M.  Perkins,  George  T. 
Carter,  Richard  W.  Robinson. 


Captains — William  O.  Sides,  Hiram  Rollins,  Samuel  O.  Burnham, 
Albert  M.  Perkins,  George  E.  Sides,  James  I.  Locke. 

First  Lieutenants — John  S.  Godfrey,  Edwin  R.  Goodrich,  John  S. 
Sides,  George  E.  Sides,  Charles  H.  Shute,  William  H.  Colcord, 
James  I.  Locke,  Alexander  Frazer. 

Second  Lieutenants — John  S.  Sides,  George  E.  Sides,  Charles  W. 
Patch,  John  S.  McDonald,  George  H.  Colman. 



George  W.  Gordon,  Center  H.  Lawrence,  Norton  R.  Moore, 
Henry  Hayward,  Frank  C.  Wasley,  Alvin  S.  Wiggin,  James  E.  Saun- 
ders, Edgar  B.  LeGro,  Edward  Clark,  Edward  Richardson,  Charles 
H.  Streeter,  William  Williams,  James  Downey. 


Francis  W.  Perkins,  Charles  H.  Shute,  Joseph  H.  Wilkinson, 
Abner  F.  Durgin,  Frank  W.  Hervey,  Richard  W.  Robinson. 


James  A.  Cook,  William  J.  Rahn,  Oliver  M.  Dame,  Charles  W. 
Dimond,  Francis  E.  Paris. 


William  G.  Stark,  George  Bullen,  William  Clifford. 


Daniel  W.  Newell,  Stephen  J.  Smiley,  Nathaniel  M.  Ricker, 
Simeon  Partridge,  Arthur  E.  Buckminister. 




Original  members,  -         -         -         -         -         37  985  1022 

"               "         gained  by  transfer,         -01  1 

Recruits,         -         -          -          -          -         -          11  1133  1144 

"         Band,       -                                       -           o  22  22 

"         gained  by  transfer,     ...            o  366  366 

Total  strength,  2555 

How  Accounted  For. 

OFFICERS.      ENL.  MEN.      TOTAL. 

Killed  or  died  of  wounds,  orig.  memb.,     13  89  102 

"       "      "     "       "         recruits,      -         o  57  57 


Died  of  disease,  original  members,      -  2            73            75 

"     "         "        recruits,-          -          -  o           61            61 

Accidentally  killed,  original  members,  112 

Drowned,  original  members,       -  022 

"           recruits,   -         -         -          -  o              3              3 

Executed  for  murder,  original  members,  o              1              1 

"         "    desertion,  recruits,  044 

Died  of  sunstroke,    -         -         -         -  o              1              1 

"     cause  unknown,  original  members,  2            14            16 

"         "           "           recruits,   -  o            13            13 


Total  number  of  deaths,         337 

Must,  out  or  disch.  to  date  Aug.  8,  '62, 

*"  Band,    -         -         -         -  -         -o  16  16 

Must,  out  or  disch.  to  date  Oct.  9,  '63, 

recruits,  -----       o  63  63 

Must,  out  or  disch.  to  date  June  21,  '64, 

original  members,  -         -         -  -26  197  223 

recruits,  2  1  3 


OFFICERS.      ENL.  MEN.      TOTAL. 

Must,  out  or  disch.  to  date  Dec.  19,  '65, 

original  members,  -         -         -  -14  29  43 

recruits,  -  17  401  418 

Band  (had  been  transf.  to  company),      o  1  1 

Disch.  on  other  dates,  original  members,    34         392         426 

"       recruits,      -  8  347  355 

"       "       "        "      Band,  o  5  5 

Dishonorably  disch.,  original  members,        336 

"  "        recruits,       -  1  9  10 

Lost  by  transfer,  original  members,  o  37  37 

"     "         "         recruits,    -  o  82  82 

Deserted,  original  members,  o  84  84 

"       recruits,       -  o         370         370 

Captured  and  not  finally  accounted  for, 

recruits,  -----o  2  2 

Others     not    officially    accounted    for, 

original  members,   -  066 

recruits,  -  -  o  68  68 



Died  in  Confederate  prisons,  previously  included :  original 
members,  20  ;  recruits,  4  ;   total,  24. 

Officers  appointed,  but  not  mustered,  7. 

Re-enlisted  :  original  members,  73  ;  recruits,  26  ;  total,  99. 

Of  the  recruits,  2  had  previously  served  as  original  members  ;  3 
served  as  recruits  under  two  enlistments  ;  956  were  volunteers,  209 
substitutes,  1  drafted;  58  were  gained  by  transfer  from  the  13th 
N.  H.,  87  from  the  12th  N.  H.,  103  from  the  17th  N.  H.,  and  118 
from  the  10th  N.  H. 

Killed   ami    Morbally   Wounded. 

Original  Members.       Recruits.         Total. 


Bull  Run,  Va., 
Evansport,  Va., 
Williamsburg,  Va., 
Oak  Grove,  Va., 
Glendale,  Va., 
Bull  Run,  Va., 
Fredericksburg,  Va., 
Gettysburg,  Pa., 
Petersburg,  Va., 
Drewry's  Bluff,  Va., 
Cold  Harbor,  Va., 

Petersburg,  Va., 






ENL.  M. 


ENL.    M. 

July  21,  '6 1, 


I  2 




April  2,  '62, 






May  5,  '62, 






June  25,  '62, 






July  1,  '62, 






Aug.  29,  '62, 





Dec.  14,  '62, 






July  2,  '63, 






May  14,  '64, 






May  16,  '64, 






June  3,  '64, 




1 1 


"     4,  '64, 





"     5,  '64, 





"     6,  '64, 





June  24,  '64, 





"    30,  '64, 





July  15,  '64, 





Aug.  17,  '64, 





"     23, '64, 








57        i59 


Orig.  Memb. 



United  States,     - 



























I  I 







New  Brunswick, 





Nova  Scotia, 





Italy,     - 


—    ' 











1  2 












Newfoundland,  - 





Prince  Edward's 











Spain,    - 














Russia,  - 





Wales,   - 





Great  Britain,     - 





Africa,    - 





Cuba,     - 





New  Zealand, 


of  Man,  Ind 

ia,   Mexico, 

East  In 

dies,  West 

Indies,  each   i    recruit. 


unknown  : 



1 6  ;  recruits,  9. 


Complete  Roster  of  the  Second  Regiment 
New  Hampshire  Volunteers. 

From  Adjutant-General  Ayling's    "Revised  Register  of  the 

Soldiers  and  Sailors  of  New  Hampshire."     P.  O. 

Addresses  and    Record    of  Deaths 

Corrected  to  Date. 


Each  man  was  a  volunteer  appointed  or  enlisted  for  three  years,  unless  otherwise  stated. 

ABBOTT,  ALEXANDER  L.  Co.  D;  b.  Dover;  age  19;  enl.  May  10,  '61 ;  must,  in  June  1, 
'61,  as  Priv. ;  disch.  disab.  Sept.  21,  '62.     Subsequent  service  Co.  E  13  V.  R.  C. 

ABBOTT,  DANIEL  B.  Co.  A;  b.  Manchester;  age  18;  transferred -from  10  N.  H.  June  ax, 
'65;  deserted  Sept.  10.  '65,  Fredericksburg,  Va. 

ABLETT,  JAMES.    Co.  A;  substitute;  b.  Great  Britain;  age  28;  cred.  Merrimack;  enl.  Aug. 

29,  '64;  des.  Feb.  3,  '65. 

ADAMS,  BENJAMIN.     Co.  I;    born  Barton,  Vt.;    age  21;    res.  Canaan;    enl.  May  20, '61; 

must  in  June  7,  '61;  des.  April  8,  '63,  Concord:  appreh.  Feb.  28,  '64;  disch.  April  14,  '65. 

P.  O.  ad.  Franklin  Falls. 
ADAMS,  CHARLES.     Co.  A;    b.  Maine;    age  26;    cred.  Merrimack;    enl.  Nov.  20, '63;    des. 

Dec.  26,  '63,  at  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
ADAMS,  CHARLES.     LTnassigned;  substitute;  b.  Canada;  age  21 ;  cred.  Marlborough;  enl. 

Dec.  6,  '64;  des.  Dec.  10,  '64,  en  route  to  Galloup's  Island,  Boston  harbor. 
ADAMS,  CHARLES  W.     Co.  A;  b.  Jaffrey;  age  18;  res.  Jaffrey;    enl.  April  27,  '61,  for  3 

mos. ;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  May  31,  '61;  disch.  May  28, 

'64,  City  Point,  Va.     P.  O.  ad.  Salina,  Kan. 
ADAMS,  ENOCH  G.     Co.  D;  b.  Bow;   age   32;   res.   Durham;  enl.  April  22,  '61,  for3  mos.; 

not  must,  in ;   re-enl.  May  10,  '6i,  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  June  1,  '61 ;  app.  Sergt.  Oct.  1,  '61 ; 

wd.  May  5,  '62,  Williamsburg,  Va.;  app.  2  Lt.  Aug.  10,  '62;  disch.  May  6,  '64,  to  accept 

promotion.     Subsequent  service,  Capt.  Co.  D,  1  Inft.,  U.  S.  V.      P.  O.  ad.  So.  Berwick, 

ADAMS,  JOHN.     Co  C;  b.  Scotland;  age  21;  res.  Manchester;  enl.  Sept.  2, '61;  capt.  June 

30,  '62,  White  Oak  Swamp,  Va. ;  paroled  July  25,  '62;  disch.  Oct.  8,  '62,  to  date  Sept.  2, 
'64,  Concord.     P.  O.  ad.  Hanover. 

ADAMS,  JOHN  W.  F.  and  S.;  b.  Townsend,  Mass. ;  age  31;  res.  Salem;  must,  in  Dec.  8, 
'63,  as  Chaplain;  disch.  to  date  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Methuen,  Mass. 

ADAMS,  NATHANIEL  W.  Co.  B;  b.  Barnstead:  age  20;  res.  Pittsfield;  enl.  Aug.  8,  '61; 
must,  in  Sept.  20,  '61 ;  wd.  June  3,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va. ;  disch.  Sept.  20,  '64,  to  date 
Aug.  28,  '64,  Concord.     P.  O.  ad.  Pittsfield. 

ADAMS,  OREN  S.  Co.  A;  b.  Jaffrey;  age  21;  res.  Troy;  enl.  Sept.  n,  '61;  must,  in  Sept. 
17,  '61;  disch.  disab.  May  30,  '63;  re-enl.  and  must,  in  for  1  year  Jan.  31, '65;  assigned 
to  Co.  C;  app.  Sergt.  May  1,  '65;  disch.  Dec.  4,  '65.  Prior  service  1  Vt.  P.  O.  address 

ADAMS,  SAMUEL.  Co.  K:  b.  Portsmouth;  age  23;  res.  Portsmouth:  enl.  May  21,  '61; 
must,  in  June  8, '61;  missing  July  21, '61,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;  gained  from  mis.;  des.  Aug. 
10,  '61,  Washington,  D.  C. 

ADAMS,  THOMAS.  Co.  A;  b.  Ireland;  age  24;  credited  Manchester;  enl.  Nov.  24,  '63;  des. 
Apr.  9,  '64,  Yorktown,  Va. 

ADLEY,  LORENZO  P.  Co.  F;  b.  Chester,  Me.;  age  19;  res.  Milan;  enl.  May  27,  '61;  must. 
in  June  4,  '61;  app.  Corp.  June  1,  '61;  wd.  Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;  app.  Sergeant 
July  1,  '63;  re-enl.  Jan.  1.  '64;  cred.  Portsmouth;  disch.  Jan.  16,  '64,  to  accept  promo- 
tion.    Subsequent  service  1  Lt.  22  U.  S.  C.  T.     Died  Ottumwa,  Iowa   Oct.  12,  '78. 

AFRICANUS,  SCIPIO.  Co,  G;  (colored  under  cook);  b.  Richmond  county,  Va. :  age  18; 
transferred  from  12  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  must  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 


AINSLEE,   ALEXANDER   W.     Co.  A;    substitute;  b.   Edinburgh,  Scot.;    age  30;    credited 

Deerfield;  enl.  Oct.  12,  '64;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
ALDEN,  FRANK  W.     Co.  E;    b.  Dunbarton;  age  18;  res.  Concord;  enl.  April  19,  '61,  for  3 

mos. ;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  7,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must  in  June  3,  '61;  captured  June  30, 

'62,  White  Oak  Swamp,  Va. ;  paroled  Sept.  13,  '62;  des.  May  24,  '63,  Concord;  volunta- 
rily returned  July  10,  63;   re-enl.  Feb.  25,  '64;  wd.  June  3,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va. :  app. 

Corp.  Dec.  1,  '64;   Sergt.  June  1,  '65;   1  Sergt.  Nov.  10,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
ALDRICH,  ARTHUR  R.     Co.  B;  b.  New  Hampshire;  age  19;   res.  Clarksville;  transferred 

from  13  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Sept.  25,  '65.     P.  0.  ad.  Canaan,  Vt. 
ALDRICH,  DANIEL,  Jr.     Co.  G;  b.  Lfttleton;  age  21;  res.  Littleton;  enl.  April  20,  '61,  for 

3  mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  5,  '61;  disch.  disab. 

May  14,  '62.     P.  O.  ad.  Lowell,  Mass. 
ALDRICH,  GEORGE.     Co.  F;  b.  Ossipee;  age  19;  res.  Gilford;  enl.  April  23,  '61,  for  3  mos.; 

not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  4,  '61;  des.  Oct.  4,  '62. 
ALDRICH,  OILMAN.     Co.  F;  b.  Lisbon;  age  23;  res.  Lancaster;  enl.  March  6,' 62;  wd.  and 

capt.    May   5, '62,  Williamsburg,  Va.;  paroled   May    n,    '62.     No   further   record.     His 

father  claimed  that  he  was  drowned  in  the  last  of  June,  '62,  in  the  Potomac  river,  12  miles 

above  Point  Lookout.     Heirs  allowed  pay  to  June  30,  '62. 
ALDRICH,  LVMAN  M.     Co.  I;  b.  Lisbon;  age  21;   res.  Manchester:  enl.  April  24, '61,  for  3 

mos;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  9,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  7,  '61;  wd.  sev.  July  2, 

63,  Gettysburg,  Pa. ;  must,  out  June  21,  '64.     P.  O.  ad.  Manchester. 
ALEXANDER,  JOHN.     Co.  K;  b.  Canada;  age  19;  transf.  from  12  N.  H.  June  21, '65;  must. 

out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
ALEXANDER,  JULIUS.     Co.  A;  b.  Mississippi;  age  19;  'cred.  Manchester;  enl.  Nov.  24, 

'63;  des.  April  n,  '64,  Vorktown,  Va. 
ALEXANDER,  LUCIAN  A.     Band;  b.  Amoskeag;    age  28;  res.   Keene;    enl.  July  22,  '61; 

must,  in  Aug.  7,  '61,  as  First  Class  Musician;  disch.  April  1,  '62,  Doncaster,  Md.     Died 

Aug.  16,  '73,  Keene. 
ALEXANDER,  WILLIAM.     Co.  F;  b.  Piermont;  age  27;  res.  Campton;  enl.  April  20, '61, 

for  3  mos.:  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  4,  '61;  disch.  for 

disab.  July  31,  '61.     Subsequent  service  6  N.  H. 
ALFAST,  NELSS.     Co.  C;  b.  Denmark;   age  30;  cred.  Goffstown;  enl.  Nov.  27,  '63;   transf. 

to  Navy  April  30,  '64. 
ALLARD,  LORENZO  D.     Co.  H;  b.  Conway;  age  20;  res.  Somersworth;  enl.  April  25,  '61, 

for  3  mos.;  not  must,  in:   re-enl.  May  27,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  5,  '61,  as  Wagon- 
er; disch.  disab.  Sept.  21,  '61.     P.  O.  ad.  Conway. 
ALLEN,  CHARLES.     Co.  A;  substitute;  b.   Canada;  age  21;    cred.  Wakefield;  enl.  Oct.   1, 

'64;  disch.  June  8,  '65. 
ALLEN,  CHARLES,  alias  George  L.  Allen.     Co.  A:  b.  New  Hampshire;  age  21;  cred.  Bed- 
ford; enl.  Nov.  24,  '63;  disch.  July  17,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Wausau,  Wis. 
ALLEN,  CHARLES  H.     Co.  C;  b.  Nashua;  age  19;  res.  Concord;  enl.  Sept.  5, '61;  must,  in 

Sept.   17,  '61;;  des.  Aug.  4, '63;  gained  from  des.  Nov.  21, '63;  app.  Corp.  July  1, '64; 

disch.  Sept.  13,  '64.     P.  O.  ad.  Auburn. 
ALLEN,  CHARLES  N.     Co.   K;  b.  Lee,  Mass.;  age  18;   res.   Rollinsford;  enl.  May  21/61; 

must,  in  June  8,  '61;  disch.  Oct.  1,  '63,  to  re-enl.  in  U.  S.  A.     Subsequent  service  Hosp. 

Steward  U.  S.  A.     P.  O.  ad.  Worcester,  Mass. 
ALLEN,  CHARLES  P.     Co.  C;  b.  Amherst;  age  42;    res.  Concord;  enl.  Sept.  5, '61 ;  must. 

in  Sept.  17,  '61 ;  disch.  disab.  Sept.  26,  '62,  to  date  Sept.  13,  '62. 
ALLEN,  CLARK.     Co.  K;  b.  New  York;  age  18:    cred.  Cornish;  enl.   Dec.  4,  '63;  wd.  sev. 

July  5,  '64,  Petersburg,  Va. ;  disch.  May  25,  '65. 
ALLEN,  EDWARD  S.     Co.  H:  b.  Woodstock,  Vt.;  age  26;  res.   Boston,  Mass.;  enl.  May 

27,  '61;  must,  in  June  5,  '61;  captured  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.;  died  disease  March 

9,  '64,  Andersonville,  Ga. 
ALLEN,  FREDERICK  R.    Co.  C;  b.  Glover,  Vt.;  age  28;   res.  Manchester;  enl.  May  13,  '61; 

must,  in  June  1,  '61 ;  disch.  disab.  July  10,  '61. 
ALLEN,  GEORGE  L.     Co.  A.     See  Charles  Allen. 



ALLEN,  HARLAN  P.     Co.  C:  b.  Nashua;  age  18;  res.  Concord;  enl.  Aug.  26,  '61;  must,  in 

Sept.    17,    '61;     des.   Aug.   4.   '62,   Harrison's   Landing,  Va. :   appreh.  June  17,  '65;   disch. 

July  7.  '65. 
All. FN.    HF.MAN.     Co.   H ;  b.  Claremont;  age   24;   res.   Claremont;  enl.  April  22, '61,  for  3 

mos. ;   not  must,  in ;   re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  June  5,  '61 ;  missing  July  21, 

'<  1 ,  Bull  Run,  Va. :   returned  Oct.  24,  '62;   des.  May  26, '63:  gained  from  des.  June  8,  '63; 

app.  Corpl.  Jan.  1,  '64:   must,  out  June  21,  '64. 
ALLEN,  LESTER  H.     Co.  C:  b.  "Chesley,  Vt.";  age  18;  res.  Alton;  enl.  May  28,  '61:  must. 

in  June  1,  '61 :  must,  out  June  21.  '64.     Died  Aug.  15,  '88,  Farmington. 
ALLEN,  OLIVER  L.     Co.  K:  b.  Blue  Hill,  Me.;  age  21;  res.  Portsmouth;  enl.  May  22,  '61; 

must,  in  June  S,  '61:   wd.  and  capt.  July  21,  '61,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;   released;   disch.  May  22, 

'62.     Subsequent  service  Co.  F,  13  V.  R.  C. 
ALLEN,  OSCAR  C.     Co.  H;  b.  Barnet,  Vt.;  age  24;   res.  Claremont :  enl.  April  20, '61,  for  3 

mos.;    not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  27,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  5,  '61,  as  Corp.     Died 

dis.  Oct.  17,  '62,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 
ALLIEN,  WILLIAM.     Co.  A;  b    Ireland;  age  35.     Transf.  from  10  N.  H.  June  21, '65;  disch. 

to  date  Dec.  19,  '65. 
ALSON,  ROBERT.     Co.  E;  b.  Liverpool,  Eng.;    age  30;    cred.  Greenland:  enl.  Nov.  23, '63; 

must,  in  Nov.  28,  '63;  deserted;  gained  from  des.  May  4,  '64;  wd.  May  16,  '64,  Drewry's 

Bluff,  Va. ;  des.  July  23,  '64,  from  DeCamp  Gen.  Hosp.,  David's  Isl.,  N.  Y.  Harbor. 
ALTLAND,  GEORGE.     Co.  K;    b.  Dover,  Pa.;   age  21.     Transf.  from   12  N.  H.  June  21,  '65; 

reported  on  muster  out  roll  dated  Dec.  19,  '65,  as  absent  on  detached  service. 
ALTON,  GEORGE  A.     Co.  K;  b.  England;  age  19;   res.  Portsmouth;  enl.  May  21,  '61;  must. 

in  June  8,  '61;    missing  July  21,  '61,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;    returned;    wd.  sev.  July  2,  '63,  Get- 
tysburg, Pa.;  app.  Corp.  Jan.  '64:  must,  out  June  21,  '64. 
AMELL,  THEOPOLIS.     Co.  A;  b.  Canada;  age  18;    cred.  Antrim;    enl.  Nov.  23, '63;    disch. 

disab.  July  22,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Stowe,  Vt. 
AMES,  ALPHA  E.     Co.  G;  b.  Peterborough:  age  20;   res.  Peterborough ;  enl.  May  1, '61,  for 

3  mos. ;  not  must,  in;    re-enl.   May  20, '61,  for3yrs.;    must,  in  June  5, '61 ;    disch.  disab. 

Aug.  17,  '61. 
AMES,  JOHN.     Co.  A;    substitute;    b.   Switzerland;  age  21 ;  cred.  Hopkinton;  enl.  Nov.  29, 

'64;  des.  March  12,  '65,  Kinsale,  Va. 
AMES,  JOHN  G.     Co.  F;  b.  Gilford;  age  18;   res.  Gilford;  enl.  April  22,  '61,  for3  mos.,  not 

must,  in;  re-enl.  May  27,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must  in  June  4,  '61;  wd.  Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run, 

Va.;  appointed  Sergt:  captured  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.     Died  disease  March  8,  '64, 

Andersonville,  Ga. 
\  M  IS,  THEOPOLIS.     See  Theopolis  Amell. 
ANDERSON,  CHARLES.     Co.  A;    b.  Pennsylvania;    age  22;    cred.  Concord;    enl.  Nov.  18, 

'63;  des.  Dec.  26,  '63,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
ANDERSON,  DANIEL.     Co.  B;  b.  Stratford;  age  18;  res.  Stratford;    enl.  April  17,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  16,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  1,  '61:    wd.  July  2,  '63, 

Gettysburg,  Pa.:  re-enl.  and  must,  in  Feb.  19,  '64;  cred.  Concord;  killed  June  5,  64,  Cold 

Harbor,  Va. 
ANDERSON,  HENRY.     Co.   B;    b.  New  York;    age  26;    cred.  Concord;    enl.  Nov.  25, '63; 

des.  Jan.  5,  '64,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
ANDERSON,  JAMES.     Co.  C;  b.  Buffalo,  N.  Y.;  age  22;  cred.  Manchester.    Transf.  from  10 

X.  H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
AN  I  IF^RSON,  JAMES.     Co.  E;   b.  Liverpool,  Eng. ;    age  28;    res.   Liverpool,  Eng.;  credited 

Greenland;  enl.  Nov.  23,  '63;  must,  in  Nov.  28,  '63;  transf.  to  \J .  S.  Navy  April  30,  '64; 

des.  May  31,  '64,  from  U.  S.  S.  "Iroquois." 
ANDERSON,  JOHN.     Co.  A;  substitute;    b.   Sweden;    age  23;    cred.  Seabrook;  enl.  Oct.  7, 

'64;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
ANDERSON,  NEILS.     Co.   A;   substitute;    b.   Denmark;  age  39:  cred.  Centre  Harbor;  enl. 

Aug.  24,  '64:  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
ANDREWS,  GEORGE.     Co.  A;   substitute:  b.  Oldtown,  Me. :  age  35;    cred.  Deerfield.     Tr. 

from  13  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  des.  Aug.  1,  '65,  Richmond,  Va. ;   P.  O.  ad.  Bradford,  Me. 


ANDREWS,  JAMES  H.     Co.  H;  b.  Hillsborough;  age  18;    res.  Hillsborough;    enl.  May  16, 

'61 ;  must,  in  June  5,  '61;  app.  Corp.  Nov.  1,  '62;   re-enl.  Jan.  1,  '64;    cred.  Portsmouth; 

app.  Sergt.  Jan.  1,  '64;   1  Sergt.  July  i,  '64:    2  Lieut.  Co.  E,  June  1,  '65;  resigned  Oct. 

26,  '65. 
ANTONI,JOHN.     Co.  A:    substitute;    b.  Spain;  age  23;  cred.  Wolfeborough;  enl.  Oct.  5, 

'64;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
ANTONIE,  FRANK.     Co.  A:  substitute;  b.  Portugal;  age  21;  cred.  Brookfield;  enl.  Oct.  n. 

'64;  des.  Sept.  10,  '65,  Stafford  Court  House,  Va. 
APPLETON,  WILLIAM  H.     Co.  I:  b.  Chichester;  age  18;    res.  Manchester;    enl.  April  22, 

'61,  for  3  mos. ;  not  must,  in;    re-enl.   May  9,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  7,  '61 :  app. 

Corp.  Nov.  5,  '62;  disch.  July  30,  '63,  to  accept  promotion.     Subsequent  service  1  Lieut., 

Capt.  4  U.  S.  C.  T.,  and  Bvt.  Major  U.  S.  V.     P.  O.  ad.  New  York  city. 
ARCHER,  WILLIAM.     Co.  A;  b.  England;  age  23;   cred.  Hillsborough;  enl.  Nov.   16,  '63; 

des.  April  7,  '64,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
ARMES,  CLARK.     Co.  H  ;  b.  Philadelphia,  Pa.;  age  21 ;   res.   Philadelphia,  Pa. ;  cred.  Bath; 

enl.  Dec.  2,  '63;  dishon.  disch.  Feb.  21,  '65,  Chaffin's  Farm,  Va.,  by  sentence  G.  C.  M. 
ASHTON,  BENJAMIN  F.     Co.  K;  b.  Dover;  age  24:   res.  Dover;  enl.  Jan.  18,  '62;  must,  in 

Feb.  28,  '62;  captured  May  5,  '62,  Williamsburg,  Va.;   released;  disch.  May  22,  '62.  Died 

Nov.  4,  '76,  Dover. 
ATHERTON,  SANFORD  A.     Co.  A;  b.  Glover,  Vt. :   age  22;  res.  Keene;  enl.  April  25,  '61, 

for  3  mos.;  not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  May  31,  '61,  as  Corp.; 

app.  Sergt.;  disch.  disab.  Sept.  12,  '62.     P.  O.  ad.  Dubuque,  Iowa. 
ATWOOD,  RUFUS.     Co.  A;    b.  Nelson;  age  31 ;   res.   Keene';  enl.   April  25,  '61,  for  3  mos.; 

not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  May  31,  '61,  as  Corp.;  app.  Sergt. 

Died  disease  Jan.  23,  '64,  Keene. 
AUSTIN,  ALONZO  F.     Co.  K;  b.  Great  Falls;  age  18;    res.  Somersworth ;  enl.   Aug.   8/62; 

must,  in  Aug.  12,  '62;  disch.  June  9,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Great  Falls. 
AUSTIN,  BENJAMIN  F.     Co.  D;  substitute;  b.  Salem;  age  21.    Transf.  from  10  N.  H.  June 

21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Newton. 
AUSTIN,  CHARLES  F.     Co.  A;  b.  Surry;  age  21;    res.  Keene;    enl.  Sept.  12,  '61 ;    must,  in 

Sept.  17,  '61;  missing  May  9,  '64,  Swift  Creek,  Va. ;  gained  from  mis.  May  11,  '64;  wd. 

lune  9,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va. ;  disch.  Sept.  14,  '64.     Prior  service  1  N.  H. 
AUSTIN,  EDWARD.     Co.  A;    substitute;    b.   Dublin   Ir.;  age  28;  cred.   Seabrook.     Transf. 

from  13  N.  H.  June  21,  '65:  disch.  Dec.  1,  '65. 
AVERY,  JOHN.     Co.  K;  age  19;  res.  Portsmouth;  enl.  May  21,  '61;    must   in  June  8,  '61; 

des.  July  15,  '61,  Washington,  D.  C. 
AWE,  JULIUS.     Co.  H:    b.   Germany;    age  31;    res.   Somersworth;    enl.  April  25, '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  27,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  5,  '61;    wd.  July  2,  '63, 

Gettysburg,  Pa.;  re-enl.  Jan.  1,  '64;  app.  Corp.  Jan.  1,  '64;  Sergt.  July  1,  '64;  must,  out 

Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Sharon,  Conn. 
AYER,  GEORGE  W.     Unassigned;    b.  Rochester;    age  21;    cred.  Dover;    enl.   Aug.  5, '62; 

must,  in  to  date  Oct.  8,  '62;  left  Concord  Aug.  14,  '62.     No  further  record. 
AVERS,  JOSEPH  F.     Co.  D:  b.  New  Hampshire;  age  22;   res.  Barrington;  enl.  April  22,  '61, 

for  3  mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.   May  10,  61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  1, '61 ;   wd.  July 

21,  '61,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;  disch.  wds.  May  23,  '63.     P.  O.  ad.  Boston,  Mass. 
BACHELDER,  GEORGE  F.     Co.  I;  b.    Concord;  age   18;    cred.  Windham:  enl.  for  9  mos. 

Transf.  from  17  N.  H.  April  16,  '63;  must,  out  Oct.  9,  '63. 
BACHELDER.     See  Batchelder. 
BACON,  FRANCIS  D.     Co.  F;    b.  Ware,  Mass.;    age  36;  res.  Manchester;  enl.  June  20,  '61; 

disch.  disab.  Sept.  21,  '63.    P.  O.  ad.  Prescott,  Mass. 
BACON,  JOSIAH  H.     Co.  E;  b.  Boston,  Mass.;  age  20;   res.  Newport;  enl.  April  22,  '61,  for 

3  mos.;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;     must,  in  June  3,  '61;    des.  Dec.  16, 

'62,  Fredericksburg,  Va. 
BAGLEY,   ISAIAH.     Co.  G;    b.   Danville;    age  24;    enl.  May  21, '61;  must,  in  June  5,  '61 ; 

captured  Aug.  29, '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;    paroled;  des.   Dec.   n, '63,  Columbus,  Ohio;  re- 
turned March  21,  '64;  sentenced  to  be  confined  at  hard  labor  for3yrs.;  unexpired  portion 

of  sentence  remitted  Oct.  24,  '65.     Died  disease  Nov.  30,  '65,  Baltimore,  Md. 


BAILEY,  ALONZO  B.  Co.  G;  b.  Wolcott,  Vt. ;  age  22:  res.  Bath;  enl.  April  20,  '61,  for  3 
mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  21, '61,  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  June  5, '61 ;  captured  July 
21,  '61,  Bull  Run,  Va.  Died  Sept.  12,  '61,  Richmond,  Va. 
BAILEY,  EDWARD  L.  Co.  I;  b.  Manchester;  age  19;  res.  Manchester;  enl.  April  22, '61, 
for  3  mos.:  not  must,  in;  served  in  state  service  until  June  7,  '61;  app.  Capt.  June  4,  '61; 
must,  in  June  7,  '61;  app.  Maj.  July  26,  '62;  Lt.  Col.  Oct.  23,  '62;  Col.  April  18,  '63;  wd. 
July  2, '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa. ;  must,  out  June  21,  '64.  Subsequent  service  2  Lt.  1  Lt., 
Capt.  4  U.  S.  Inf.,  and  Bvt.  Lt.  Col.  U.  S.  A.  P.  O.  ad.  Boise  City,  Idaho. 
BAKER,  AUGUSTUS.     Co.  H;  b.  Bristol,  Me.;  age  20;    res.   Bath,  Me.;  cred.  Lisbon ;  enl. 

Dec.  2,  '63;  transf.  to  U.  S.  Navy  April  30,  '64. 
BARER,  EDWARD.     Co.  A;    substitute;    b.  Kingston,  Canada;    age  30;    cred.   Wakefield; 

enl.  Oct.  3,  '64;  des.  Nov.  10,  '65,  Fredericksburg,  Va. 
BAKER,  GEORGE.     Co.  I ;    b.  Hudson.  N.  Y.;    age  29;    cred.  South  Hampton ;    enl.  Dec.  2, 
'63;  app.  Corp.  July  1,  '64;    reduced  to  ranks  June  30,  '65;  reported  on  m.  o.  roll  dated 
Dec.  19,  '65,  as  absent  sick  since  Sept.,  "64.     No  further  record. 
BAKER.  GEORGE  H.     Co.  B:  b.  England:  age  18;  cred.  Goffstown;  enl.  Nov.  25/63;  app. 

Corp.  April  6,  '65;   Sergt.  July  1,  '65;  must  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BAKER,  HENRY.     Co.  F;  b.  New  York  city ;  age  24;    cred.  Nashua;    enl.  Nov.  30, '63;  des. 

March  1,  '64,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
BAKER,  JACOB  B.     Co.  E;    b.  Lowell,  Mass.;  age  22:    res.  Lowell,  Mass. :    enl.  May  7, '61, 
for  3  mos.;    not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  3, '61 ;    disch. 
disab.  Aug.  2,  '61. 
BAKER,  JAMES  H.     Co.  F;  b.  Brookfield;  age  23;  res.  Farmington;  enl.  May  16,  '6i ;  must, 
in  June  4,  '61;    app.  2  Lt.   Aug.   1,  '62;    1  Lt.  Co.  C  June  18,  '63;    transf.  to  Co.   F  '63; 
must,  out  June  21,  '64.     P.  O.  ad.  Fontanelle,  Iowa. 
BALL,  KIMBALL.     Co.  C;    b.  Sutton,  Vt.:    age  21 ;    res.  Sutton,  Vt. :    enl.  May  7, '61,  for  3 
mos.:  uot  must  in;  re-enl.  May  27,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  1,  '61:  des.  July  21,  *6i, 
Bull  Run,  Va. 
BALLARD,  WILLIAM   W.     Co.   B:    b.  Peterborough;  age  23;  res.  Boscawen ;  enl.  May  n, 
'61;  must,  in  June  1, '61 ;  app.  2  Lt.  Nov.  n,  '61 ;    1   Lt.  July  n, '62;  wd.  Aug.  29,  '62, 
Bull  Run,  Va.;  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.     Died  wds.  July  9,  '63. 
BANCROFT,  WILLIAM  E.   Co.  F;    b.  Hartford,  Conn. ;  age  22 ;  res.  Laconia;  enl.  April  22, 
'61,  for  3  mos. ;    not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  22, '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  4, '6i ;    wd. 
Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va.;  app.  Sergt.  May  1,  '63;   1  Sergt.  Dec.  20,  '63;  disch.  to  date 
April  27,  '64,  to  accept  promotion.     Subsequent  service  2  Lt.   and   1   Lt.  1  Inft.  U.  S.  V. 
P.  O.  ad.  Missoula,  Mont. 
BARBER,  JOHN  N.     Co.  I;   b.  Brownsville,  Pa.;  age  21;  cred.  Dover;  enl.  Dec.  2,  '63;  des. 

Jan.  26,  '64,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
BARBER,  LEWIS  G.     Co.  H;  b.  St.  Albans,  Vt.;  age  28;   res.  Sutton;  enl.  May  3,  '61,  for  3 
mos.;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  9,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  5,  '61;  des.  July  21,  '61, 
Bull  Run,  Va.     P.  O.  ad.  Sutton. 
BARKER,  JOHN  A.     Co.  C;  b.  Landaff;    age  19:    res.  Manchester;    enl.  May  20, '61 ;  must, 
in  June  1, '61;  captured  July  21, '61,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;  released  June, '62;  app.  Corp.;  wd. 
July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.;  disch.  disab.  June  7,  '64.     P.  O.  ad.  Manchester. 
BARKER,  THOMAS  E.     Co.  B;    b.  Canterbury;    age  22:    res.  Barnstead;    enl.  May  13, '61; 
must,  in  June  1,  '61,  as  Corp.;  captured  July  21,  '61,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;  paroled  June  2,  '62; 
disch.  July  2,  '62,  as  a  paroled  prisoner.     Subsequent  service  Capt.,  Lt.  Col.  and  Col.  12 
N.  H.     P.  O.  ad.  Maiden,  Mass. 
BARKER,  TILESTON  A.     Co.  A;  b.  Westmoreland;  age  54;    res.  Westmoreland;  enl.  April 
25,  '61,  for  3  mos.;  not  must,  in:   re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.:  served  as  Capt.  in  state 
service  from  April  25,  '61,  to  June  4,  '61,  when  app.  and  must,  in  as  Capt.  Co.  A,  2  N.  H. 
V.;  disch.  Aug.  25,  '62,  to  accept  promotion.     Subsequent  service,  Lt.  Col.  14  N.  H.  V. 
Died  Keene,  Dec.  7,  '79. 
BARNARD,  LEONARD  E.     Unassigned;  drafted;  b.  Warner;  age  26;  res.  Warner;  drafted 
May  17,  '64;  mus.  in  May  17,  '64;  sent  to  regt.  Oct.  24,  '64,  from  Concord.     No  further 


BARNES,  GEORGE  S.     F.  and  S. ;  b.  Charlotte,  Vt.;    age  33;    res.  Seabrook  :    app.  Chaplain 
April  17,  '63;  resigned  April  25,  '63.   Other  service,  Chaplain  17  N.  H.  and  29  U.  S.  C.  T. 
P.  O.  ad.  Bay  View,  Mich. 
BARNETT,  CHARLES  H.     Co.  A;  substitute:  b.  Ireland:  age  20;  cred.  Hebron;  enl.  Dec. 

3,  '64;  des.  Oct.  12,  '65,  Stafford  Court  House,  Va. 
BARNEY,  JOHN.     See  William  Dearth. 

BARRETT,  CHARLES  A.     Co.  G;  b.  Mason,  Mass.;    age  25;     res.  Antrim;    enl.  May  8, '61, 
for  3  mos.;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  15,  '61,  for  3  yrs. :   must  in  June  5,  '61;  disch.  May 
26,  '63.     Subsequent  service,  U.  S.  Navy.     P.  O.  ad.  Greenfield. 
BARROWS,  LEVI  P.     Co.  F;  b.  Dalton;    age  18:  res.  Lancaster;    enl.  Feb.  25,  '62;    must,  in 
Feb.  28,  '62;   re-enl.  Feb.  25,  '64;    app.  Corp.  July   1,  "64;    wd.  July  15,  '64,  Petersburg, 
Va.     Died  wds.  July  19,  '64,  18  Army  Corps  Hosp. 
BARRY,  JOHN.     Co.   D;    b.  Nashville,  Tenn.;    age  21;    cred.  Nashua;    enl.  Nov.  27,  '63; 
must,  in  Nov.  28,  '63;    wd.  May  16,  '64,  Drewry's  Bluff.  Va.     Died  wds.  May  30,  '64,  Old 
Point  Comfort,  Va. 
BARRY,  JOHN,  2D.     Co.  A;    substitute;    b.  Leitrim,  Ir.;    age  22;  cred.   Kingston.     Transf. 

from  10  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 

BARRY,  JOHN  H.     Co.  I ;    b.  Plattsburgh,  N.  Y.;    age  26;    res.  Cornish;    enl.  April  28, '61, 

for  3  mos.;    not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  7,  '61;    captured 

July  21,  '61,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;  paroled  June  2,  '62;  disch.  July  2,  '62,  as  a  paroled  prisoner. 

BARTHOLOMEW,  ROMINANE.     Co.  E;    b.  Italy,    age  21 ;    res.  Italy;    cred.  Newmarket ; 

enl.  Nov.  23,  '63;  des.  Sept.  26,  '64,  Chickahominy,  Va. 
BARTLETT,  CHARLES.     Co.  C;    b.  Massachusetts;    age  2-1;     res.  Haverhill,  Mass. ;    enl. 

May  20,  '61;  must,  in  June  1,  '61:  des.  July  22,  '61,  near  Washington,  D.  C. 
BARTLETT,  GEORGE  F.     Unassigned;  b.  Boston,  Mass. ,    age  28;    cred.  Portsmouth;    enl. 

Dec.  5,  '64;  des.  Dec.  17,  '64,  en  route  to  Galloup's  Isl.,  Boston  Harbor. 
BARTLETT,  JAMES.     Co.  A;    b.  Canada;  age  21;  cred.  Hooksett;    enl.   Nov.  13, '63;  sent 
to  regt.  from  Chesapeake  General   Hospital,   Fort  Monroe,  Va.,  May  9, '64.     No  further 
BARTLETT,  JOHN.     Co.  A;    b.  Canada;    age  25;    cred.  Hooksett ;    enl.  Nov.  13, '63;    must. 

out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BASSETT,  CHARLES.     Co.  B;   b.  Pittsfield;  age  18;   res.  Pittsfield;  enl.  Aug.  16,  '61;  must, 
in  Aug.  28,  '61;    re-enl.  Feb.  19,  '64;    app.  Corp.  Nov.  1,  '64;    Sergt.  Dec.  7,  '64;    must. 
out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Hampstead. 
BASSETT,  SYLVESTER.     Co.  F:    b.  Lee,  N.  Y.;    age  19;     res.  Canterbury;    enl.  April  23, 
'61,  for  3  mos.;  not  must  in;   re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  4,  '61;  missing 
Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;  supposed  killed. 
BASSO,  CHARLES.     Co.   E;    b.  Italy;    age  21;    res.  Italy;    cred.  Newmarket;    enl.  Nov.  23, 

'63;  app.  Corp.  Dec.  1,  '64;'  Sergt.  Sept.  1,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BATCHELDER,  HIRAM  H.     Co.  F;  b.  New  Hampshire;    age  29;    res.  Laconia;    enl.  April 
19, '61,  for  3  mos.;    not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  22, '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,   in  June  4, '61. 
Died  dis.  March  n,  '63,  Concord. 
BATCHELDER,  JOHN.     Co.  C;  b.  Manchester;  age  18:  res.   Manchester;  enl.  Sept.  6, '61 ; 

must,  in  Sept.  17,  '61;  disch.  disab.  May  16,  '63. 
BATCHELDER,  SEWALL   D.     Co.  G;    b.  Concord;    age  18;    res.  Concord;    cred.Ossipee; 

enl.  April  14,  '63;  must,  in  April  21,  '63;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Concord. 
BATCHELDER.     See  Bachelder. 

BATES,  SIDNEY  T.     Co.  A;  b.  Essex,  Vt.;    age  30;    res.  Pelham;  enl.  for  9  mos.     Transf. 

from  17  N.  H.  April  16,  '63;  must  out  Oct.  9,  '63.     Served  Muse.  5  N.  H.  and  1  H.  Art. 

BAUER,  ALBERT.     Co.   A;    b.  New  York;    age  19;    cred.  Hillsborough;    enl.   Nov.  14, '63; 

must,  in  Nov.  14,  '63;  disch.  June  29,  '65. 
BAUER,  CHARLES.     Co.  B;  substitute;  b.  Germany;  age  21 ;  cred.  Pittsfield.     Transferred 

from  13  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BAXTER,  ALBERT  F.     Co.  G;  b.  Central  Falls,  R.  I.:  age  18;   res.  New  Ipswich;  enl.  May 
6, '61,  for  3  mos. ,  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  15, '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  5, '61 ;  wd. 
and  missing  July  2, '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.;    gained  from  missing;    must,  out  June  21, '64. 
P.  O.  ad.  Hudson. 


BAYLEY.     See  Bailey. 

BEAN,  ANDREW.     Co.  B;   substitute;  b.  Indiana;    age  zi;    cred.   Windham.     Transf.  from 

13  N.  H.,  June  21,  '65;  app.  Corp.  July  18,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BEAN,  BENIAH  J.     Co.G;  b. Thornton:  age  40;   res.  Littleton:  enl.  Aug.  26, '62;    must,  in 

Sept.  10,  '62:  wd.  sev.  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.;  disch.  wds.  Feb.  15,  '65,  in  the  Field, 

Va.     P.  O.  ad.  Lisbon. 
BEAN,  BURNIS  R;    Co.G;  b.  Landaff;    age  25;    res.  Lisbon;    enl.  April  22, '61,  for  3  mos. ; 

not  must,  in;     re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  5,  '61;    disch.  disab.  Dec.  31, 

'62,  New  York  city.     Died  dis.  Jan.  10,  '63,  New  York  city. 
BEAN,  CALEB  G.     Co.G:   b.  Sandwich;   age  37:    cred.  Portsmouth;   enl.  Aug.  29, '62;   must. 

in  Sept.  3,  '62;  app.  Corp.  June  20,  '64;    disch.  May  31,  '65.     Died  July  19,  '67,  Orford. 
I'.l    \\.  DANIEL  C.     Co.  A;  b.  Berlin;    age  "24";    res.  Wakefield;  enl.  for  9  mos.     Transf. 

from  17  N.  H.,  April  16,  '63;  must,  out  Oct.  9,  '63.     P.  O.  ad.  Berlin.     Served  1  H.  Arty. 
P.EAX,    DARIUS   K.     Co.  F;  b.  Meredith:    age  21 ;  res.   Plymouth;    enl.  April  20,  '61,  for  3 

mos.:   not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3   yrs.;    must,   in  June   4,   '61.    app.   Corp.; 

wd.  sev.  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.:  disch.  June  4,  '64,  Providence,  R.  I.     Subsequent 

service,  V.  R.  C.     P.  O.  ad.  Bedford,  Mass. 
BEAN,  EDWARD  D.     Co.  C;    b.  Hollis,  Me.:    age  22;    res.  Haverhill,  Mass.:    enl.  May  20, 

'61:    must,  in  June  1, '61 ;    app.  Corp. :    Sergt.  May  1, '63;    re-enl.  Jan.   2,^64;    must,  in 

Feb.  16,  '64;  cred.  Hooksett:    app.  1  Lt.  June  24,  '64;    Capt.  Nov.  2,  '64;    must  out  Dec. 

19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Arlington  Heights,  Mass. 
BEAN,  JOSEPH.     Co.  H;  b.  New  York;  age  22;  cred.  Lebanon;  enl.  Nov.  n,  '63;  wd.  June 

3,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va.     Died  wds.  June  12,  '64,  Washington,  D.  C. 
BEAN,  RUFUS  L.  Co.  K;  b.  Gilford:  age  29;   res.  Portsmouth;  enl.  April  30,  '61,  for  3  mos.; 

not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  8,  '61,  as  Corp.;    app.  Sergt. 

Oct.,  *6i :  2  Lt.  Co.  B,  July  3,  '63;    transf.  to  Co.  G;    dismissed  May  4,  '64.     Died  April 

22,  '94,  Weirs. 
BEAN,  WILLIAM  C.     Co.  E;  b.  Montville.  Me.;    age  23;    res.  South  Newmarket ;    enl.  May 

3,  '61,  for  3  mos.;    not  must,  in;     re-enl.  May  27,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must  in  June  3,  '61;   wd. 

Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;  disch.  wds.  June  6,  '63.     Died  Oct.  n,  '66. 
BEARD,  SAMUEL  J.     Co.  G;  b.  Hollis;    age  25;    res.  Mont  Vernon;    enl.  April  25, '61,  for  3 

mos.:    not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  25,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,   in  June  5,  '61;    wd.  June  25, 

'62,  Oak  Grove,  Va. ;  disch.  wds.  Dec.  9,  '62.     P.  O.  ad.  Mont  Vernon. 
BEARO,  FRANCIS.     Co.  F;    b.  Canada;    age  30;    res.   Burlington,  Vt.;    cred.  Canaan;  enl. 

Nov.  30,  '63;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BEATY,  THOMAS.     Co.  H:    b.  Nashua;    age  21;    res.   Manchester;    enl.   May  6,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  n,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;   must  in  June  5,  '61;    des.  May  5,  '63, 

BEAVER,  WILLIS  B.     Co.  B;  substitute;    b.  England;    age  34;    cred.  Weare.     Transf.  from 

13,  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BECKLEY,  JOHN.     See  John  Buckley. 
BEDELL,  AUSTIN.     Co.  F;    b.  Jefferson;    age  18:    res.  Jefferson ;    enl.   for  9  mos.     Transf. 

from  17  N.  H.  April  16,  '63;  must  out  Oct.  9,  '63.     Subsequent  service  9  N.  H. 
BELIVEAU,  FRANK  A.     Band;    b.  Stoddard;    age  23:    res.  Keene;    enl.  Sept.  4, '61 ;    must. 

in  Sept.  17,  '61,  as  2  Class  Muse;  must,  out  Aug.  8,  '62,  near  Harrison's  Landing,  Va. 

Died  April  28,  '85,  Keene. 
BELKNAP,  CHESTER  P.     Co.  A;    b.   Brattleboro,  Vt.;    age  23;    res.  Westmoreland;    enl. 

May  22,  '61;  must,  in  May  31,  '61;  must,  out  June  21,  '64.     P.  O.  ad.  Brattleboro,  Vt. 
BELL,  ALLEN  P.     Co.  K;  b.  New  Castle,  age  37;    res.  Portsmouth;    enl.  April  17, '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  8,  '61.     Died  dis.  May 

6,  '62,  Yorktown,  Va. 
BELL,  JOHN  W.     Co.  K;    b.  New  Castle;    age  24;    res.  New  Castle;    enl.  April  29,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  8,  '61;    captured  May 

5,  '62,  Williamsburg,  Va.;  released;  disch.  May  22,  '62.     P.  O.  ad.  Haverhill,  Mass. 
BELLIC,  ALEXANDER.     Co.  A:    b.  France;    age  28;    cred.  Manchester;    enl.  Nov.  23, '63; 

reported  on  muster  out  roll  dated  Dec.  19,  '65,  as  absent  sick  since  Sept.  16,  '64. 


BENABOO,  MICOUT.     Co.   C:    substitute:    b.  Coast  of  Africa;    age  31;    cred.  Carroll;    enl 

Oct.  17,  '64;  disch.  May  28,  '65. 
BENDELNAGLE,  PHILIP.     Co.  B;    substitute;    b.  Saxony,  Germany ;    age  31;    cred.  Not- 
tingham.    Transf.  from  13  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BENERESSCHEIA,  JOP  C.     Co.  A;    b.  Germany;    age  24;    cred.  Manchester;    enl.  Nov.  19, 

'63;  wd.  July  3,  '64,  Petersburg,  Va. ;  des.  Oct.  9,  '64,  New  York  city. 
BENJAMIN,  ABRAM.     Co.   E;    substitute;    b.   Canada;    age  35;    cred.  Bath;    enl.  Sept.  27, 

'64;  disch.  June  17,  '65. 
BENNECHER,  CHARLES.     See  Jop  C.  Beneresscheia. 
BENNETT,  JOHN.     Co.  A;  b.  New  Jersey ;  age  21 ;    cred.  Hooksett ;    enl.  Nov.  13, '63;  des. 

June  9,  '64,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
BENNETT,  JOHN  H.     Co.   E;    b.  Exeter;    age  22;    res.  Exeter;    enl.  May  6,  '61,  for  3  mos.; 

not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  27,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  3, '61 ;    transf.  to  Co.  K,  4 

Art.  U.  S.  A.,  Nov.  1,  '62;  re-enl.  Feb.  11,  '64:  disch.  as  artificer,  Feb.  11,  '67,  Fort  Dela- 
ware, Del.     P.  O.  ad.  Exeter. 
BENNETT,  PATRICK.     Unassigned;   substitute;  b.  Ireland;  age  21;  cred.  Lyme;  enl.  Dec. 

6,  '64;  des.  Dec.  10,  '64,  Boston,  Mass. 
BENNETT,  WILLIAM  S.     Co.  G;  b.  Bath,  Me.;  age  41:  cred.  Manchester;  enl.  Dec.  1,  '63; 

disch.  June  6,  '65. 
BENWAY,  JOSEPH.     Co.  F;    b.  Compton,  Can. ;    age  19;    res.  Guildhall,  Vt. :    enl.  April  22, 

'61,  for  3  mos.;  not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  22,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  4,  '61;    transf.  to 

Co.  K,  4  Art.  U.  S.  A.,  Nov.  5,  '62;  disch.  May  27,  '64,  North  Anna  River,  Va. 
BERHAM,  ALFRED  W.     Co.  C;    b.  Vermont;    age  32;    res. -Manchester;    enl.  May  9, '61; 

must,  in  June  1,  '61,  as  Corp.;  wd.  July  21,  '61,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;  app.  Sergt.  Aug.  13,  '61; 

transf.  to  38  Co.,  2  Batt'l  Invalid  Corps,  Aug.  15,  '63;  disch.  May  31,  '64. 
BERNARD,  PETER.     Co.  D;  b.  France;  age  34;    cred.  Nashua;    enl.  Nov.  27,  '63;   must,  in 

Nov.  28,  '63.     Died  disease  Sept.  27,  '65,  Warsaw,  Va. 
BERRY,  GEORGE.     Co.  H;  b.  Strafford;  age  42;  res.  Somersworth;  enl.  Aug.  9, '62;  must. 

in  Aug.  12,  '62;    wd.  Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;    app.  Corp.  Jan.  i,  '64;    Sergt.  July  1, 

'64;  disch.  June  9,  '65.     Died  Somersworth,  Nov.  4,  '94. 
BERRY,  SAMUEL.     Unassigned;    b.  Barrington;    age  25;    cred.  Durham:    enl.  Aug.  15, '64; 

disch.  disability  existing  prior  to  enlistment,  June  12,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Epping. 
BERRY,  WALTER.     Co.  A;  b.  Ireland;  age  20;  cred.  Andover;    enl.  Nov.  17, '63;    des.  Jan. 

13,  '64;  apprehended  May  7,  '64.     No  further  record. 
BERTRAND,  EMILE.     Co.  A;    substitute:    b.  Canada:    age  37;    cred.  Stoddard-,    enl.  Sept. 

23,  '64;  furloughed  Feb.  28,  '65,  from  Hospital,  Point  of  Rocks,  Va. ;  no  record  of  return; 

considered  a  deserter  from  March  30,  '65. 
BESKER,  HENRY.     Co.  D;  b.  Northumberland,  Va. :  age  23;   (colored  under  cook).   Transf. 

from  12  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BICKFORD,  JOSEPH.     Co.  C;  b.  Maine;  age  22;  cred.  Concord;  enl.  Nov.  20, '63;   reported 

on  muster  out  roll  as  absent  in  arrest.     No  further  record. 
BIGGS,  WILLIAM.     Co.  D;  b.  Somersett  Co.,  Md. ;  age  21;  cred.  Nashua;  enl.  Nov.  27,  '63; 

must,  in  Nov.  28,  '63.     Died  disease  Nov.  4,  '64,  David*s  Island,  N.  Y.  Harbor. 
BIGLIN,  NICHOLAS  M.     Co.  I;    b.  New  York;    age  22;    res.  Manchester;  enl.  April  22, '61, 

for  3  mos. ;  not  must,  in:    re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  7,  '61 ;    transf.  to 

Co.  B,  2  Cav.  U.  S.  A.,  Oct.  27,  '62;  captured  Aug.   1,  '63,  Brandy  Station,  Va.     Died 

disease  June  24,  '64,  Andersonville,  Ga. 
BIGNALL,  THOMAS  W.     Co.  C;  b.  Acworth;  age  21;    res.  Gilsum;    enl.  Sept.  5, '61 ;  must. 

in  Sept.  17,  '61;  wd.  Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;    app.  Corp.  Feb.  '63;  killed  July  2,  '63, 

Gettysburg,  Pa.     Prior  service,  1  N.  H. 
BILLINGS,  MARK  P.     Co.   B;    b.  West  Wardsborough,  Vt. :    age  21;    res.  Boston,  Mass.; 

enl.  May  27,  '61;  must,  in  July  2, '61;    captured  Aug.   29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;    paroled 

Sept.  4,  '62;  des.  Sept.  15,  '62,  Annapolis,  Md. 
BILLINGS,  WARREN.     Co.  E;  b.  Canton,  Mass.;  age  34;    res.  Somersworth;    enl.  June  16, 

'61;   must,  in  July  10,  '61;  disch.  disab.  Aug.  1,  '61.     Subsequent  service,  4  N.  H.  and  1 

N.  H.  H.  Art.     P.  O.  ad.  Dover. 

ROSTER.  ii 

BILLS,  JOSEPH.     Co.  G;  substitute;  b.  Manchester,  Eng.;    age  28.     Transf.  from  10  N.  H. 

June  21,  '65;   app.  1  Sergt.  Nov.  1,  '65;  must,  out  Dee.  19,  '65. 
BINNEV,  WALTER.     Co.  I ;  b.  New  Haven,  Conn.;    age  23;    res.  North  Hampton;  enl.  for 

9  mos.     Transf.  from  17  N.  H.  April  16,  '63;  des.  June  25,  '63,  Edward's  Ferry,  Md. 
BLACK,  HORACE  W.    Co.  C;  b.  Danvers,  Mass.;  age  19;   res.  Goffstown;  enl.  May  11,  '61; 

must,  in  June  1,  '61;  disch.  disab.  Dec.  9,  '62.     Subsequent  service,  1  N.  H.  H.  Art. 
BLACK,   ORRIN,  Jr.     Co.    F;    b.  Swanzey;  age  25;  res.  Swanzey;  enl.  Sept.  12, '61;  must. 

in  Sept.  17,  '61;  des.  March  13,  '63,  Concord. 
BLACK,  SILAS  L.     Co.  A;  b.  Nelson;  age  22;   res.  Sullivan;  enl.  Sept.  6,  '61 ;  must,  in  Sept. 

17,  '61.     Died  dis.  Dec.  20,  '61,  Budd's  Ferry,  Md. 
BLAISDELL,  GEORGE.     Co.  K:    b.  Thornton;    age  22;    res.  Manchester;    enl.  Sept.  16, '61 ; 

must,  in  Sept.  17,  '61;  des.  Oct.  8,  '61,  Kladensburg,  Md. 
BLAISDELL,  LEWIS  E.     Co.  K;  b.  Berwick,  Me.;  age  18;    enl.  May  27,  '61;    must,  in  June 

8,  '61:    missing  July  21,  '61,  Bull   Run,  Va. ;    gained  from  missing;    des.  August  10,  '61, 

Washington,  D.  C. 
BLAKE,  CHARLES.     Co.  F;    b.  Germany;    age  22;    cred.  Pittsfield.     Transf.  from  12  N.  H. 

June  21,  '65;   disch.  Oct.  31,  '65. 
BLAKE,  CHARLES  H.     Co.  A;    b.  Keene;    age  30;    res.  Keene;    enl.  May  22, '61 ;    must,  in 

May  31,  '61;  disch.  disab.  Nov.  17,  '62.     Died  June  30,  '90,  National  Home,  Togus,  Me. 
BLAKE,  JAMES  W.     Co.  D;  b.  Haverhill;  age  21;   res.  Manchester;  enl.  May  10,  '61;  must. 

in  May  25,  '61;  disch.  Sept.  30,  '61.     P.  O.  ad.  Brentwood. 
BLAKE,  JOHN  A.     Co.  A;  b.  Keene;  age  20;  res.  Gilsum;    enl.  April  25,  '61,  for  3  mos.;  not 

must,  in;    re-enl.  May   22,   '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  May  31,  '62;    captured  June  30,  '62, 

White  Oak  Swamp,  Va. ;  exchanged;  wd.  severely  July  2,   '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.;  disch. 

disab.  June  7,  '64.     P.  O.  ad.  Keene. 
BLAKE,  WILLIAM.     Co.  K;  b.  Kittery  Point,  Me. ;   age  24;   res.  North  Hampton;  enl.  for  9 

mos.     Transf.  from  17  N.  H.  April  16,  '63;  must,  out  Oct.  9,  '63. 
BLAKELY,  ROBERT.     Co.  F;  b.  Columbia;   age  22;  res.  Columbia;  enl.  for  9  mos.    Transf. 

from  17  N.  H.  April  16,  '63;  must,  out  Oct.  9,  '63.     Subsequent  service  1  N.  H.  H.  Art. 

P.  O.  ad.  Colebrook. 
BLODGETT,  CALVIN  A.     Co.  A;    b.  St.  Johnsbury,  Vt.:  age  19:    res.  Fitzwilliam;  enlisted 

April  25,  '61,  for  3  mos. ;;    re-enl.  May  22, '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  May  31, 

'61 ;  must,  out  June  21,  '64. 
BLODGETT,  CHARLES  S.     Co.  A;    b.  Fitzwilliam;    age  18;  res.  Fitzwilliam:  enl.  April  30, 

'61,  for  3  mos.;    not  mustered  in;    re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  May  31  '61; 

disch.  disab.  Sept.  6,  '62.     Subsequent  service,  16  N.  H.     P.  O.  ad.,  Kimball,  So.  Dak. 
BLUM,  FALSH.     Co.  D;  b.  Sweden;  age  20;  cred.  Nashua;  enl.  Nov.  27,  '63;  must,  in  Nov. 

28,  '63;  wd.  severely  June  3,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va. ;  disch.  wounds  Jan.  1,  '65. 
ELY,  ELBRIDGE  G.     Co.  K;    b.  Epping;    age  18;   res.  Epping;    enl.  Aug.  27, '61 ;    must,  in 

Aug.  28,  '61;    re-enl.  Jan.  1,  '64;    app.  Corp.  July  1,  '64;    Sergt.  Dec.  1,  '64;    must,  out 

Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Haverhill,  Mass. 
BLYE,  VAN  BUREN  G.     Co.  K;    b.  Epping;    age  25;   res.   Epping;    enl.  April  18,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  8,  '61;    wd.  June  25, 

'62,  Oak  Grove,  Va. ;  re-enl.  Jan.  1,  '64;  cred.  Portsmouth;  app.  Corp.  July  1,  '64;  Sergt. 

Dec.  1,  '64;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Haverhill,' Mass. 
BODWELL,  GEORGE.     Co.  B;  b.  Concord;   age*22;  res.  Concord;  enl.  for  9  mos.     Transf. 

from  17  N.  H.  April  16,  '63;    deserted  May  25,  '63,  Concord;    returned  August  n,  '63; 

must,  out  Oct.  9,  '63. 
BOGART,  DANIEL  W.     Co.  E;  b.  Harlem,  N.  Y.;  age  18;  cred.  Sutton.     Transferred  from 

12  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  disch.  Sept.  8,  '65. 
BOHONON,  DANIEL  W.     Co.  E;  b.  Bristol;    age  22;  [res.  Grafton;  appointed  Captain  June 

20,  '65,  (transfer  from  12  N.  H.) ;  must,  in  July  4,  '65;  disch.  to  date  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BO LIO,  EDWARD.    Co.  G;  b.  Walpole;  age  16;  ered.  Peterborough ;  enl.  Aug.  5, '62;  must. 

in  Sept.  15,  '62;  wd.  June  3,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va.     Died  wounds  June  16,  '64,  Washing- 
ton, D.  C. 
BOLIO,  JOSEPH.     Co.  G;    b.  Montreal,  Can.;  age  28;    res.  Peterborough ;    enl.  April  29, '61, 


for  3  yrs. ;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  24,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  5,  '61;    must,  out 

June  21,  '64. 
BOLSTER,  ALMON.     Band;  b.  Jaffrey;  age  34;    res.  Keene;  enl.  July  22, '61 ;    mustered  in 

Aug.  7. '61,  as  Leader;  reduced  to  1   Class  Muse.  Aug.   31,  '61;    to  3  Class  Muse.  Dec. 

31,  '61;  disch.,  services  not  needed,  Jan.  20,  '62,  Camp  Beaufort,  Md.     P.  0.  ad.  Keene. 
BOND,  FRANK  H.     Co.  C;   substitute;    b.  York,  Me.;  age  18;    cred.  Portsmouth.     Transf. 

from  to  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BONNER,  JOHN.     Co.  G;  b.  Scotland;  age  30;  res.  Milford;  enl.  April  25,  '61,  for  3  mos.; 

not  mnst.  in;  re-enl.  May  25,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  5,  61;  must,  out  June  21,  '64. 

P.  O.  ad.  Nat.  Mil.  Home,  Togus,  Me. 
BONNER,  WILLIAM  H.     Co.  H;    b.  Upper  Derby,  Pa.;   age  18;    enl.  March  17,  '62;    must. 

in  April  30,  '62;  des.  in  face  of  the  enemy  June  2,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va. ;  gained  from  des. 

Aug.  7,  '64:  disch.  April  29,  '65. 
BOODROW,  BATTEES.     Co.  E;  b.  New  York;    age  18;  cred.  Loudon.     Transf.  from  12  N. 

H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BOODROW,  FRANK.     Co.  F;  b.  Champlain,  N.  Y.;  age  18;  cred.  Sharon;  enl.  Nov.  30/63. 

Died  disease  Oct.  8,  '64,  Wilson's  Landing,  Va. 
BOODY,  JOHN.     Co.  B;  b.  Strafford;  age  25;   res.  Deerfield;  enl.  May  25,  '61;  must,  in  May 

27,  '61;  disch.  disab.  Aug.  19,  '61. 
BOORN,  AMASA  W.     Co.  D;    b.  Richmond;    age  23;     res.    Richmond;    enl.   Aug.    30,   '61; 

must,  in  Sept.  17,  '61;  missing  Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;  gained  from  missing;  disch. 

disab.  April  14,  '63.     Other  service  1  N.  H.  and  V.  R.  C. 
BOOTH,  FREDERICK.     Co.  A;  b.  Italy;    age   20:    cred.   Mitford;    enl.  Nov.  19,  '63;    des. 

Dec.  17,  '63,  Point  Lookout,  Md. ;  apprehended  Dec.  '63;  des.  March  25,  '64,  Pt.  Look- 
out, Md. 
BOTTIE,  JOSEPH.     Co.  K:  b.  Italy;  age  22;  cred.    Keene;    enl.   Dec.  4,  '63;  des.  April  n, 

'64,  Yorktown,  Va. ;  gained  from  des.  April  15,  '64;   wounded  May  26,  '64,  in  attempting 

to  escape    from  Military  Prison;    des.   Aug  10,  '64,  from  McDougall  Genl.  Hosp.,  Fort 

Schuyler,  N.  Y. 
BOUCHARD,  ANTOINE.     Unassigned;  substitute;  b.  Canada;  age  25;  cred.  Sunapee;  enl. 

Sept.  22,  '64;   disch.  without  pay  and  allowances  July  21,  '65. 
BOUCHE,  PIERRE.     Co.  F;  b.  Canada;  age  36;    res.   Canada;    cred.   Rochester;    enl.   Nov. 

25,  '63;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Princeton,  Mass. 
BOUTELL,  EQUALITY  W.     Co.  B;    b.   Hopkinton;    age  25;    res.   Hopkinton;  enl.  Aug.  9, 

'62.     Died,  disease,  March  16,  '63,  Hopkinton. 
BOUTELLE,  FRANK  M.     Co.  I;  b.  Newport,  R.  I.;  age  18;   res.  Manchester;  enl.  April  22, 

'61,  for  3  mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.:   must,  in  June  7,  '61;  disch. 

disab.  May  29,  '63.     Subsequent  service  1   Sergt.   National  Guards,   N.  H.  Vol.  Inft.     P. 

O.  ad.  Cromanton,  Fla. 
BOWDEN,  THOMAS.     Co.  D;    b.  Nova  Scotia;  age  22;   cred.  Goffstown;  enl.  Nov.  27, '63; 

must,  in  Nov.  28,  '63;  des.  April  9,  '64,  Yorktown,  Va. 
BOWEN,  ALFRED  R.     Co.  A;  b.  Richmond;   age   20;   res.   Richmond;  enl.  April  25, '61,  for 

3  mos.;   not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;     must,  in  May  31,  '61;    app.   Corp. 

Dec.  1,  '63;  must,  out  June  21,  '64.     Died  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  Aug.  14,  '92. 
BOWEN,  FREDERICK  A.     Band;    b.   Richmond;    age  26;    res.   Keene;    enl.  July  22,  '61; 

must,  in  Sept.  17,  '6i,  as  2  Class  Muse;  must,  out  Aug.  8,  '62,  near  Harrison's  Landing, 

Va.     P.  O.  ad.  Keene. 
BOWERS,  CHARLES  W.     Co.  B;  b.  Bristol;    age  23;  res.  Franklin;    enl.  Aug.  9,  '62;  must. 

in  Aug.  12,  '62;  disch.  April  11,  '64,  to  re-enl.     Subsequent  service,  Hosp.  Steward  U.  S. 

A.     P.  O.  ad.  Natick,  Mass. 
BOWMAN,  HENRY.     Co.  H;  b.  Hennike;    age  19;    res.  Henniker;    enl.  May 27, '61 ;    must. 

in  June  5,  '61;  wd.  Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;  des.  Oct.  12,  '62,  Fairfax  Seminary,  Va. 
BOWMAN,  HENRY  A.     Co.  G;    b.  Littleton;    age  22;    res.  Littleton;    enl.   May  3, '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  5,  '61;  wd.  July  21,  '61, 

Bull  Run,  Va. ;  disch.  wds.  Nov.  1,  '61.     Died  Jan.  23,  '92,  St.  Johnsbury,  Vt. 
BOYD,  JOSEPH  D.  Co.  I ;  b.  Pittsburg,  Pa. ;  age  31 ;  cred.  Strafford ;  enl.  Dec.  2,  '63  ;  entered 

ROSTER.  13 

officer's  Genl.  Hosp.,   Fort   Monroe,   Va.,  June  9,  '64;    transf.   from  Hosp.  June  21, '64. 

No  further  record. 
BOYDEN,  GEORGE  \V.     Co.  B:    b.  Industry,  Me.;  age  28;    res.  Concord;    enl.  May  11,  '61; 

must,  in  June  1,  '61,  as  Sergt.;  app.  1  Lt.  Nov.  8,  '61;   resigned  May  20,  '62.    Subsequent 

service,  9  N.  H.     Died  Oct.  28,  '89,  East  Dallas,  Texas. 
BOYER,  WILLIAM.     Co.  B;  b.  Ohio;  age  21:  cred.  Concord:    enl.  Nov.   25, '63:  des.  April 

13,  '04.  Vorktown.  \  a. 
BOYLE,  FRED  R.     Co.  B;  substitute;    b.  Germany;    age  32;   cred.  Pittsfield     Transf.   from 

13  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  des.  June  21,  '6S. 
BOYLE,  HUGH.     Co.  K;    b.   Ireland;    age  18;    enl.   May  24, '61 :    must,  in  June  8, '61 ;    des. 

July  24,  '61,  Washington,  D.  C. 
BOYSE,  JOHN.     Unassigned;    substitute;    b.   Kingston,   Can.;    age  22;    cred.  Nashua;  enl. 

Dec.  2.  '64;  des.  Jan.  18,  '65,  Rainsford  Isl.,  Boston  Harbor,  Mass. 
BRACKETT,  CLARENCE  A.     Co.  E;    b.  Nashua;    age  21 ;    res.  Antrim;    enl.   April  19, '61, 

for  3  mos.;    not  must,  in:    re-enl.  May  21, '61,  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  June  3, '61,  as  Muse; 

transf.  to  Co.  C  July  20,  '61.  des.  July  25,  '62.     Subsequent  service,  17  Vt.     P.  O.  ad. 

North  Branch. 
BRACKETT,  LONVILLE  W.     Co.  F:    b.  Waterford,  Me.;    age  22;    res.  Milan;    enl.  May  3, 

'61,  for  3  mos.;   not  must,  in;    re-enl.   May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  4,  '61,  as 

Sergt.;  missing  July  21,  '61,  Bull  Run,  Va.     Supposed  killed. 
BRACY,  ANDREW  G.     Co.  H;    b.  Somersworth;    age  18;    res.  Somersworth ;    enl.  April  25, 

'61,  for  3  mos.;    not  must,  in:    re-enl.  May  27,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  5,  '61,  as 

Sergt.;  app  1  Sergt.  Aug.  1,  '61;  2  Lt.  Aug.  1,  '62:  wounded  Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ; 

app.  1  Lt.  Juue  18,  '63:  must,  out  June  21,  '64.     P.  O.  ad.  Nashua. 
BRADY,  MICHAEL.     Co.  H:  b.  New  Jersey:  age  21;  res.  Newark,  N.  J.;  cred.  Bath;    enl. 

Dec.  2,  '63;    wd.   May  8,  '64,  Petersburg,  Va. ;    des.  July  17,  '64,  from  De  Camp  Genl. 

Hosp.,  David's  Isl.,  N.  Y.  Harbor. 
I'.RAGG,  CHARLES  H.     Co.  G:    b.  Wilton;    age  22:    res.  Wilton;    enl.  April  30,  '61,  for  3 

mos.:  not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  15, '61,  for  3  yrs.:  must,  in  June  5,  '61;    app.  Corp. 

March  1,  '64;  must,  out  June  21,  '64.     Died  June  22,  '78,  Gardner,  Mass. 
BREED,  FRANK  T.     Co.  B:  b.  LTnity;  age  21;   res.  Unity;  enl.  Aug.  24,  '61;    must,  in  Aug. 

28,  '61:  transf.  to  Co.  H  Sept.  21,  '61;  des.  May  26,  '63:  apprehended  June  1,  '63;  re-enl. 

Jan.  1,  '64;  cred.  Portsmouth;  app.  Corp.  July  1,  '64;   reduced  to  ranks  May  i,*6s;  disch. 

disab.  May  27,  '65.     Died  July  27,  '65,  Unity. 
BREESE,  JOHN  H.     Co.  E;  b.  New  York  City;  age  23;    res.  Northwood;  enl.  April  22, '61, 

for  3  mos;  not  must,  in:  re-enl.  May  21,  *6i,  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  June  3, '61 ;  wd.  July  1, 
'62,  Glendale,  Va.;  died  wounds  July  2,  '62. 
BREMER,  JOHN.     Co.  C;  b.  Germany;  age  22;  cred.  Concord;  enlisted  Nov.  21,  '63.     Died 

dis.  March  25,  65,  Washington,  D.  C. 
BRENNON,  JOHN  W.     Co.  D;    b.   Boston,  Mass.;    age  18;    res.  Candia:    enl.  May  22, '61; 

must,  in  June  1,  '61;  des.  Aug.  9,  61,  Washington,  D.  C. 
BRESNEHAN,  JAMES.     Co.  F:    b.   Ireland;    age  21;    res.  Wolfeborough;    enl.   May  28,  '61 ; 

must,  in  June  4,  '61;  must,  out  June  21,  '64.     P.  O.  ad.  Wolfeborough. 
BREWSTER,  CHARLES.     Co.  C;    b.  Philadelphia,  Pa.;  age  23;  cred.  Plainfield;    enl.  Nov. 

19,  '63;  transf.  to  U.  S.  Navy  April  30,  '64. 
BRIDE,  JOHN  W.     Co.  E;  b.  Stratham:  age  19;  res.  Stratham ;  enl.  May  2,  '61,  for  3  mos.; 

not  must,  in;    re-enl.  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  3, '61 ;    app.  Corp.  July  1, '63;    must,  out 

June  21,  '64.     P.  O.  ad.  Durham. 
BRIDGE,  STARY  W.     Co.  I:  b.  Keene,  age  21:  res.  Gilsum;  enl.  Sept.  5/61:  must,  in  Sept. 

17,  '61;  disch.  Sept.  14,  '64,  Wilson's  Landing,  Va. 
BRITTON,  JAMES.     Co.  K;  b.  Candia;  age  18;   res.  Durham.     Transf.  from  17  N.  H.  April 

16,  '63;  must,  out  Oct.  9,  '63. 
BRITTON,  JOHN  L.     Co.  A:    b.  Chesterfield:    age  "42";    res.   Surrey:    enl.  Aug.  18,  '61; 
must,  in  as  Muse;  app.  Prin.  Muse.  Oct.  10,  '61:    disch.  disab.  June  13,  '62,  Williams- 
burg, Va.     Subsequent  service,  V.  R.  C.     P.  O.  ad.  Springfield,  Mass. 
BROAD,  WILLIAM.     Co.  I :  b.  Plymouth,  Eng. :    agd  21;    cred.   Chester;    enl.   Dec.  2,  '63; 
transf.  to  U.  S.  Navy  April  30,  '64. 


BROCK,  ORRIN.     Co.  E;  b.  Barnstead;  age  18:   res.  Pittsfield;  enl.  April  20,  '61 ,  foi  3  mos.; 

not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;  must  in  June  3,  '61, as  Corp.;  resigned  war- 
rant Aug.  8,  '61;  re-enl.  Jan.  1,  '64;  cred.  Somersworth ;  disch.  disab.  Feb.  17,  '65,  in  the 

Field.     Died  Dec.  3,  '94,  Pittsfield. 
BROCKWAY,  JOHN  R.     Co.  K;  b.  Hinsdale;  age  18;  res.  Hinsdale;  enl.  April  25,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;    not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  21, '61,  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  June  8,  '61;    disch.  disab. 

July  1,  '61.     Subsequent  service,  18  N.  H.  and  U.  S.  Navy.     Died  Oct.  8,  '71,  Hinsdale. 
BRODERICK,  JOHN  J.     Co.  C;    substitute;  b.  Ireland;  age  27;  cred.  Ossipee;  enl.  Oct.  14, 

'64:  app.  Corp.  Jan.  1,  '65;  deserted  July  21,  '65,  Manchester,  Va. 
BROOKS,  DANIEL  S.     Co.  A;    b.   Fitzwilliam;    age  19;    res.  Fitzwilliam;  enl.  April  30, '61, 

for  3  mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  May  31,  '61;  captured 

July  21,  '61,  Bull  Run,  Va.     Died  disease  Oct.  19,  '6i,  Richmond,  Va. 
BROOKS,  JAMES  E.     Co.  F;  b.  Townsend,  Mass.;  age  19;   res.  Temple.     Trans,  from  17  N. 

H.  April  16,  '63;  wd.  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.;  disch.  Sept.  10,  '63.  Died  June  22,  '74. 
BROOKS,  JOHN.     Co.  A;  substitute;    b.  Canada;  age  21;    cred.  Nashua;    enl.|  Dec.  2,  '64; 

des.  May  15,  '65,  Spring  Hill,  Va. 
BROOKS,  WOODBURY.     Co.  E;  b.  Hooksett;  age  18;  res.  Pembroke;  enl.  April  22,  '61,  for 

3  mos.;  not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  3,  '61;    des.  Dec.  16, 

'62,  Fredericksburg,  Va. 
BROVN,  JHON,  2D.     Co.  A;  b.  Norway;  age  21;  cred.  Concord;  enl.  Nov.  23, '63;  des.  July 

4,  '64,  from  De  Camp.  Gen.  Hosp.,  David's  Isl.,  N.  Y.  Harbor. 
BROWN,  CHARLES.     Co.  B;  substitute;  b.  Canada;    age  23;    cred.  Holderness;    enl.  Dec. 

8,  '64;    entered  Point  of  Rocks  Hosp.,  Va.,  Jan.  5,  '65;    sent  to  regiment  March  27,  '65. 

No  further  record. 
BROWN,  CHARLES.     Co.  D;  substitute;  b.  Hesse,  Ger.;    age  26;    cred.   Chester.     Transf. 

from  10  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;   must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Paterson,  N.  J. 
BROWN,  CHARLES.     Co.  H;    b.  Jersey  City,  N.  J.;    age  21;    res.  Jersey  City,  N.  J. ;    cred. 

Alstead;  enl.   Dec.  2,  '63;    des.  April  10, '64,  Yorktown,  Va. ;    apprehended;    joined  Co. 

July  11,  '64;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BROWN,  CHARLES  W.    Co.  B;  b.  Henniker;    age   18;    cred.  Henniker.     Transf.  from  13  N. 

H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BROWN,  CHARLES  W.     Co.   C;    b.   Maine;    age  22;    res.   Manchester;    enl.   May  n,  '61; 

must,  in  June  1,  '61 ;  des.  Aug.  21,  '62,  Alexandria,  Va. 
BROWN,  DAVID.     Co.  C;    b.  Sharon,  N.   Y.;    age  20;    cred.  Manchester;    enl.  Nov.  27, '63; 

wd.  May  16,  '64,  Drewry's  Bluff,  Va.;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BROWN,  FRANK  R.     Co.  A;    substitute;    b.   Liverpool,   Eng. ;    age  21;    cred.   Dover;    enl. 

Nov.  14,  '64;  des.  May  15,  '65,  Spring  Hill,  Va. 
BROWN,  GEORGE.     Co.  C;    b.  Salem,  Mass.;  age  30;  cred.  Newmarket ;    enl.  Nov.  20, '63. 

Died  dis.  Sept.  23,  '64,  Wilson's  Landing,  Va. 
BROWN,  GEORGE.     Co.  E:  b.  Troy,  N.  Y.;  age  22;  res.  Troy,  N.  Y.;  cred.  Hampton;  enl. 

Nov.  23,  '63;  wd.  June  3,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va.    Died  wds.  June  26,  '64,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 
BROWN,  GEORGE.     Co.  F;    b.  Springfield,  Mass. ;    age  20;    res.   Springfield,  Mass.;    cred. 

Langdon;  enl.  Nov.  30,  '63;  des.  Feb.  2,  '64,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
BROWN,  GEORGE  L.     Co.  E;    b.  Chester;    age  23;  res.  Chester;  enl.  May  24, '61 ;  must.lin 

June  3, '61;  missing  Aug.  29, '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. :  gained  from  missing;    app.  Corp.  Jan. 

1,  '63;  must,  out  June  21,  '64.     Died  April  27,  '79,  Chester. 
BROWN,  HENRY.     Co.  I;    b.  Orient,  N.  Y.;  age  25;    cred.  Stratham;  enl.  Nov.  3, '63;  app. 

Corp.  May  1,  '65;  must.  out.  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BROWN,  HENRY  F.     Co.  E;    b.  Dedham,  Mass.;    age  23 ;    res.  Stratham;  enl.  Sept.  4, '62; 

must,  in  Sept.  5,  '62.     Died  disease  March  8,  '63,  Boston,  Mass. 
BROWN,  JAMES.     Co.  A;  b.  England;  age  27;   cred.  Wilton;  enl.  Nov.  20,  '63;  des.  Jan.  13, 

'64,  Kinsale  Landing,  Va. 
BROWN,  JAMES.     Co.  C;  b.  North  Carolina;  age  26;  cred.  Hillsborough;  enl.  Nov.  14,  '63; 

des.  April  24,  '64,  Williamsburg,  Va. 
BROWN,  JAMES.     Co.  C;  substitute;  b.  Lisbon,   Portugal;    age  30;    cred.   Dover.     Transf. 

from  10  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Deft.  19,  '65. 

ROSTER.  15 

BROWN.  JEROME  H.     Co.  F;  b.  Dalton;  age  18;   res.   Lancaster;    enl.   Feb.   25,  '62.     Died 

disease  June  19,  '62,  White  House,  Va. 
BROWN,  JOHN.     Co.  A;  b.  England;  age  21;  cred.  Hillsborough;  enl.  Nov.  16,  '63;   transf. 

to  U.  S.  Navy  Aprif  28,  '64. 
BROWN,  JOHN.     Co.  C:  substitute;  b.  Queenstown,  Ir.:  age  37;  cred.  Milton;  enl.  Oct.  12, 

'64;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BROWN,  JOHN.     Co.  D:  b.  Germany:  age  22;  cred.  Hillsborough;  enl.  Nov.  14,  '63;  transf. 

to  U.  S.  Navy  April  30.  '64. 
BROWN,  JOHN.     Co.  F;  b.  France;  age  22;  res.  New  York  City;  cred.  Langdon;  enl.  Nov. 

30,  '63;  des.  July  7,  '64,  from  Ward  Gen.  Hosp.,  Newark,  N.  J. 
BROWN,  JOHN.    Co.  I;  b.  New  Hampshire;  age  19;  res.  Goffstown;  enl.  April  22,  '61,  for  3 
mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  7,  '61;  wd.  June  25, 
'62,  Oak  Grove,  Va.     Died  wds.  June  26,  '62,  Fair  Oaks,  Va. 
BROWN,  JOHN,  ist.     Co.  A;  substitute;  b.  London,  Eng.;  age  30;    cred.  Rye;    enl.  Oct.  7, 

'64;  des.  April  9,  '65,  Spring  Hill,  Va. 
BROWN,  JOHN,  3D.     Co.  A;  b.  Ireland;  age  22;  cred.  Concord;  enl.  Nov.  23,  '63;  des.  Apr. 

11,  '64,  Yorktown,  Va. 
BROWN,  JOHN  H.     Unassigned;  b.  Scotland;  age  21;  cred.  Concord;  enl.  Nov.  23, '63.  No 

further  record. 
BROWN,  JOHN  L.  T.     Co.  B;  b.  Newbury,  Vt.;    age  33;    res.  Concord;    enl.  May  28,  '61; 
must,  in  June  1,  '61;  wd.  May  5,  '62,  Williamsburg,  Va. ;    disch.  wds.  Aug.  12,  '62,  Har- 
rison's Landing,  Va.     P.  O.  ad.  Manchester. 
BROWN,  PETER.     Co.  K;  b.  Germany;    age  20;    res.  New  York  City ;    cred.   Landaff;  enl. 

Dec.  3,  '63;  entered  Base  Hosp.,  Point  of  Rocks,  Va.,  Jan.  28,  '65.     No  further  record. 

BROWN,  ROBERT.     Co.  F;  b.  Wolfeborough;  age  29;  res.  Ossipee;  enl.  April  29,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;   not  must,  in;    re-enl.   May  22, '61,  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  June  4,  '61;    disch.  disab. 

Feb.  9,  '63.     Subsequent  service,  V.  R.  C.     P.  O.  ad.  Milton. 

BROWN,  WILBER  F.     Co.  B;  b.  Epsom;  age  18;  res.  Epsom;  enl.  May  20,  '61;    must,  in 

June  1,  '61;  captured  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.     Died  Aug.  26,  '64,  Andersonville,  Ga. 

BROWN,  WILLIAM.     Co.  A;  substitute;  b.  Scotland;    age  34;    cred.  Antrim;    enl.  Dec.  3, 

'64;  des.  April  9,  '65,  Spring  Hill,  Va. 
BROWN,  WILLIAM.     Co.  C;    b.  Germany;    age  26;    cred.   Manchester;    enl.  Nov.  27,  '63; 

transf.  to  U.  S.  Navy  April  30,  '64. 
BROWN.  WILLIAM.     Co.  G;  b.  New  York  City;    age  25;    cred.   Manchester:    enl.   Dec.    1, 

'63;  des.  Feb.  12,  '64,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
BROWN.     See  Brovn. 
BRUNKE,  HENRI.     Co.  F;  b.  Germany;  age  22;  cred.   Manchester;  enl.  Nov.  30,  '63;  wd. 

June  5,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va. ;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BRYANT,  JOHN  T.     Co.  A;  b.  Jaffrey;  age  19;   res.  Swanzey;  enl.  April  25,  '61,  for  3  mos.; 
not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;   must,  in  May  31, '61;  must,  out  June   21, 
'64.     Died  Dec.  10,  '95,  Fitzwilliam. 
BUCHANAN,  JAMES.     Co.  K;    b.  Prince  Edward's  Island,    age  "31";    res.  Chester:    enl. 
May  21, '61;  must,  in  June  8, '61;  disch.  disab.  June  9, '62,   Budd's  Ferry,   Md.     Subse- 
quent service,  11  N.  H.     P.  O.  ad.  Chester. 
BUCHANAN,  ROBERT.     Co.   C;    b.   Ireland;    age  22;    cred.  Merrimack;  enl.  Nov.  20, '63; 

des.  Dec.  7,  '63,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
BUCK,  CHARLES.     Co.  F;  b.  Cabot,  Vt.;  age  21;    res.   Lancaster;  enl.  April  22,  '61,  for  3 
mos. ;  not  must,  in ;   re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  June  4,  '61 ;  wd.  July  21,  '61, 
Bull  Run,  Va.;  disch.  wds.  Jan.  21,  '62,  Doncaster,  Md. 
BUCK,  SIMEON  C.     Co.  G;  b.  Bradford;  age  24;   res.  Antrim;  enl.  May  6,  '61,  for  3  mos.; 
not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  20,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  5,  '61;    des.  Nov.   29,  '62, 
Dumfries,  Va. 
BUCKLEY,  DENNIS.     Co.  C;  substitute;  b.  Cork,  Ir.;   age  28;  cred.  Portsmouth.     Transf. 
from  10  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Nat.  Mil.  Home,  Dayton, 
BUCKLEY,  JOHN.     Unassigned;    age   21;    cred.  Ossipee;    enl.   March  21,  '63.     No  further 


BUCKM1NSTER,  ARTHUR  E.     Co.  I ;  b.  Woburn,  Mass.;  age  15;    res.   Manchester;    enl. 

Jan.  17, '62;  must,  in  Feb.  28, '62;    re-enl.   Feb.   19,  '64;    app.   Prin.   Muse.  July  1,  '65; 

must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BULLA,  JAMES.     Co.  K;  b.  Grant  County,  Ind. ;   age  24;  cred.  Pittsfield.     Transf.  from  12 

N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  des.  Sept.  30,  '65,  Warsaw,  Va. 
BULLEN,  GEORGE.     Co.  B;  b.  Ireland:  age  24;  cred.   Manchester;  enl.  Nov.   24/63;  app. 

Hosp.  Steward  July  1,  '64;  disch.  disab.  Feb.  17,  '65,  Chaffin's  Farm,  Va. 
BUMPKIN,  EDWARD.     See  William  H.  Dunbar. 
BUNDS,  JOHN.     Co.  F;    b.  North  Adams,  Mass.;   age  18;    cred.   Sharon;  enl.  Nov.  30, '63; 

des.  Jan.  25,  '64,  Point  Lookont,  Md. 
BUNTIN,  JOHN  B.     Co.  H;  b.  Kilmarnock,  Scot.:  age  21;   res.  Meriden;    enl.  April  25,  '61, 

for  3  mos. ;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs. :  must,  in  June  1,  '61;  des.  Aug. 

29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. 
BUNTON,  SYLVANUS.     F.  andS.;    b.  Allenstown:    age  50;    res.  Manchester;    app.  2  Asst. 

Surg.  July  29,  '62:  must,  out  June  21,  '64.     Subsequent  service,  Surgeon  7  N.  H.     Died 

Aug.  13,  '84,  Mont  Vernon. 
BURBANK,  CALVIN  M.     Co.  B;  b.  Boscawen;    age  28;    res.  Boscawen;    enl.   May  n,  '61; 

must,  in  June  1,  '61:  app.  Corp.  May  1,  '62;  wd.  severely  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.; 

wd.  May  16,  '64,  Drewry's  Bluff,  Va. ;    disch.  to  date  June  21,  '64.     Died  April  13,  '66, 

BURBANK,  DANIEL  E.     Co.  A;  b.  Fitzwilliam:  age  19:   res.  Fitzwilliam:  enl.  April  30, '61, 

for  3  mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  May  31,  '61:    wd.  and 

captured  May  5,  '62,  Williamsburg,  Va. ;   released  May  17,  '62;  disch.  May  22,  '62.    P.  O. 

ad.  Worcester,  Mass. 
BURBANK,  JOHN.     Unassigned;  b.  Canada;    age  26:  cred.  Dublin:  enl.  Nov.  23, '63;    re- 
ceived at  Draft  Rendezvous,  Concord.     No  further  record. 
BURCHAM,  JOSEPH.     Co.  H;  b.  Colchester,  Conn.;  age  44;  res.  Westmoreland;  enl.  Sept. 

11,  '61;  must,  in  Sept.  17,  '61:  disch.  disab.  Sept.  20,  '62.     Subsequent  service,  14  N.  H. 

P.  O.  ad.  Westmoreland. 
BURGIN,  WALTER  S.     Co.  C;  b.  Vermont;  age  28;   res.  Rye:  enl.  for  9  mos.     Transf.  from 

17  N.  H.  April  16,  '63;  disch.  disab.  June  10,  '63.     P.  O.  ad.  Washington,  Vt. 
BURGIS,  JOHN.     Co.  A;  substitute:  b.  France;  age  30;    cred.  Campton;    enl.  Dec.  2, '64: 

must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
BURKE,  HENRY.     Co.  H;    b.  St.  John,  N.  B.;    age  22;  res.  Boston,  Mass.;  enl.  May  27, 

'61;  must,  in  June  5,  '61;  captured  June  30,  '62,  White  Oak  Swamp,  Va.;    paroled  Sept. 

13,  '62;  transf.  to  Co.  K,  4  Art.  U.  S.  A.,  Nov.  5,  '62;    wd.   May  3,  '63,  Chancellorsville, 

Va.;    disch.   expiration   of   term    (under  a  misapprehension  of  facts),  May  5, '64,  Fort 

Washington,  Md.     P.  O.  ad.  Boston,  Mass. 
BURKE,  THOMAS.     Co.  A;  b.  Ireland;  age  18;  cred.  Concord:  enl.  Nov.  24,  '63;  des.  April 

11,  '64,  Yorktown,  Va. 
BURKE,  WILLIAM.     Co.  A;  substitute:    b.  France;    age  26;    cred.   Stoddard;  enl.  Dec.  3, 

'64;  disch.  Oct.  6,  '65,  Concord. 
BURLEY,  JOSIAH.     Co.  C;    b.  Dover;    age  19;  res.  Dover;    enl.  June  11, '61;  wounded  and 

captured  July  21,  '61,  Bull  Run,  Va. :  paroled  Oct.  5,  '61 ;    joined  Co.  Oct.  19,  '61 ;  disch. 

wds.  Nov.  8,  '61,  Hilltop,  Md.     Subsequent  service,  2  Mass.  Cav.  and  U.  S.  Navy.   P.  O. 

ad.  Gonic. 
BURNETT,  WILLIAM.     Co.  C;  b.  England;  age  20;  cred.  Concord;  enl.    Nov.   21,   '63;  tr. 

to  U.  S.  Navy  April  30,  '64. 
BURNHAM,  CHARLES  A.     Co.  C:  b.  Pembroke;  age  25;  res.  Haverhill,  Mass.;    enl.  Nov. 

1,  '61;  must,  in  Nov.  5,  '61;  disch.  to  accept  promotion  Nov.  18,  '62.   Subsequent  service, 

Asst.  Surg.  3  N.  H.     P.  O.  ad.  Boston,  Mass. 
BURNHAM,  CYRUS  E.     Co.  F;  b.  Littleton;  age  24:   res.  Littleton;  enl.  for  9  mos.    Transf. 

from  17,  N.  H.  April  16,  '63;  must,  out  Oct.  9,  '63.     Served  in  Band  3  N.  H.,  and  in  1  N. 

H.  H.  Art.     P.  O.  ad.  Littleton. 
BURNHAM,  MOSES.     Co.  D;    b.  Great  Falls;    age  18;    res.  Somersworth;    enl.  May  23, '61 

must,  in  June  1.  '61;  des.  July  7,  '62,  Harrison  s  Landing,  Va. 

ROSTER.  17 

BURNHAM,  SAMUEL  O.  Co.  C;  b.  New  Jersey;  age  27;  res.  Pembroke:  enl.  May  9, '61: 
app.  and  must,  in  as  2  I.t.  June  4,  '61;  wd.  severely  May  5,  '62,  Williamsburg,  Va. ;  app. 
Capt.  Co.  K  Aug.  25,  '62;  disch.  to  date  June  17,  '63.     Subsequent  service,  1  Lt.  V.  R.  C. 

BURN'S.  EDWIN.  Co.  A;  b.  Ireland;  age  27;  cred.  Bedford;  enl.  Nov.  18/63;  des.  Jan.  13, 
't'4.  Kinsale  Landing,  Va. 

BURNS,  GEORGE.  Co.  B;  substitute;  b.  Canada;  age  21;  cred.  Kingston:  enl.  Oct.  6, '64, 
for  1  year:  disch.  to  date  Dec.  19,  '65. 

BURNS,  HARRY.  Co.  A;  substitute;  b.  France;  age  20;  cred.  Durham;  enl.  Dec.  5, '64; 
des.  May  22,  '65,  Manchester,  Va. 

BURNS,  JAMES  G.  Co.  I;  b.  Derby,  Vt. :  age  20;  res.  Manchester;  enl.  April  22, '61,  for  3 
mos. :  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  June  7,  '61;  captured  June 
30, '62,  White  Oak  Swamp,  Va. :  paroled  Oct.  24, '62;  disch.  disab.  Nov.  5, '62.  Subse- 
quent service,  2  Lt.  National  Guards,  N.  H.  Vol.  Inft.,  and  1  Lt.  1  N.  H.  H.  Art.  P.  O. 
ad.  Narragansett  Pier,  R.  I. 

BURNS,  MICHAEL.  Co.  I;  b.  Dublin,  Ir.;  age  24;  res.  Manchester:  enl.  April  25,  '61,  for  3 
mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  23, '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  7,  '61;  des.  July  30, 
'61,  Washington,  D.  C. 

BURNS.  PETER.  Co.  D;  b.  England;  age  18;  cred.  Dunbarton;  enl.  Nov.  27,  "63 ;  des.  Dec. 
2,  '64. 

BURNS,  THOMAS.  Co.  A:  b.  New  Brunswick;  age  21;  cred.  Merrimack;  enl.  Nov.  23,  '63; 
transferred  to  U.  S.  Navy  April  29,  '64. 

BURPEE,  MERRICK  M.  Co.  D;  b.  Sterling,  Mass.;  age  33;  res.  Winchester;  enl.  Sept.  2, 
'61;  must,  in  Sept.  17,  '61;  des.;  returned  Aug.  10,  '63;  re-enl.  Jan.  1,  '64;  cred.  Ports- 
mouth; must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Winchester. 

BURRILL,  JOHN  H.  Co.  A;  b.  Abbott,  Me.;  age  19;  res.  Fitzwilliam;  enl.  April  25,  '61,  for 
3  mos.;  not  must,  in:  re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  May  31,  '61;  must,  out 
June  21.  '64;  re-enl.  for  1  year,  Feb.  1,  '65;  cred.  Troy;  assigned  to  Co.  C;  must,  out 
Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.,  Hawley,  Minn. 

BURSTRUM,  CHARLES.  Co.  C;  b.  Sweden;  age  26;  cred.  Amherst;  enl.  Nov.  14, '63; 
des.  April  13,  '64,  Yorktown,  Va. 

BURT,  GEORGE.  Co.  F;  b.  Quebec,  Can.;  age  22;  res.  Lancaster;  enl.  April  22, '61,  for  3 
mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22, '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  4, '61 ;  wd.  severely 
July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa. ;  disch.  wds.  July  6,  '64.     P.  O.  ad.  Lancaster. 

BURTON,  HENRY.  Co.  F;  b.  Germany;  age  21 ;  cred.  Manchester;  enl.  Nov.  30, '63;  wd. 
severely  Aug.  20,  '64,  Petersburg,  Va. ;  transf.  to  Co.  G,  19  V.  R.  C,  May  19,  '65;  disch. 
Nov.  16,  '65,  Buffalo,  N.  V. 

BUSH,  FRANK.  Co.  H;  b.  New  Hampshire;  age  21;  cred.  Enfield;  enl.  Nov.  11,  '63;  transf. 
to  Co.  F,  March  11,  '64;  des.  June  1,  '64,  Bermuda  Hundred,  Va. 

BUSH,  JAMES  M.  Co.  C;  b.  Norwich,  Vt.;  age  38;  res.  Norwich,  Vt.;  enl.  |May  9,  '61 ; 
must,  in  June  1,  '61,  as  Corp.;  killed  May  5,  '62,  Williamsburg,  Va. 

BUSH,  ORIN.  Co.  C;  b.  Vermont;  age  25;  cred.  Andover;  enl.  Nov.  20, '63 ;  disch.  disab. 
March  24,  '64,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 

BUTLER,  JOB.  Co.  A;  b.  England;  age  21;  cred.  Concord;  enl.  Nov.  18,  '63;  des.  Dec.  26, 
'63,  Point  Lookout,  Md. :  apprehended  and  assigned  to  Co.  K;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 

CADY,  GEORGE  L.  Co.  I;  b.  Washington,  N.  Y.;  age  29;  cred.  Newmarket ;  enl.  Dec.  2, 
'63;  des.  Feb.  21,  '64,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 

CALEF,  WILLIAM.  Co.  C;  b.  Franklin;  age  33;  res.  Manchester;  enl.  May  27, '61 ;  must, 
in  June  1,  '61;  captured  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.  Died  disease  March  29,  '64,  Rich- 
mond, Va. 

CALIF,  WILLIAM  W.  Co.  A;  b.  Marlborough;  age  18;  res.  Keene:  enl.  April  30, '61,  for  3 
mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs. :  must,  in  May  31, '61 ;  disch.  disab. 
Jan.  27,  '63,  Philadelphia,  Pa.     P.  O.  ad.  So.  Fitchburg,  Mass. 

CALIFF,  JONATHAN.  Co.  A;  age  44;  res.  Keene;  enl.  April  25,  '61,  for  3  mos.;  not  must, 
in;  re-enl.  May  22, '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  May  31,  '61 ;  wd.  accidentally  by  a  sentinel. 
Died  wds.  August  14,  '61,  Washington,  D.  C. 

1 1-2 


CALKINS,  LORENZO.     Co.  D;    b.  Swanzey;    age  20:    res.  Winchester;    enl.  Sept.  2,  '61; 

must,  in  Sept.  17,  '61;  missing  Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;    gained  from  missing;    des. 

May  25,  '63,  Concord;  reported  voluntarily  at  Concord;    sent  to  regt.  June  15,  '63;  disch. 

Sept.  15,  '64,  Wilson's  Landing,  Va.     P.  O.  ad.  Westport. 
CALKINS,  WILLIAM.     Co.  D;  b.  Winchester;    age  23;    res.  Winchester;    enl.   Sept.  2,  '61; 

must,  in  Sept.  17,  '61 ,  des.  May  25,  '63,  Concord;  apprehended  Aug.  4,  '63;    disch.  Oct. 

14,  '64,  Concord.     P.  O.  ad.  Westport. 
CALLAGHAN,  CORNELIUS  J.     Co.  A;  substitute;  b.  Cork,  Ir.;  age  23.     Transferred  from 

10  N.  H.;  des.  while  under  arrest,  Oct.  9,  '65,  Fredericksburg,  Va. 
CALLEY,  JOHN  S.     Co.  I;  b.  New  Hampshire;  age  25;    res.  Manchester;    enl.  April  22,  '61, 

for  3  mos. ;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22,'6i,  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  June  7,  '61.     Died  dis- 
ease April  15,  '63,  North  Chelmsford,  Mass. 
CAME,  VIRGIL  M.     Co.  H;  b.  North  Berwick,  Maine;   age  19;   res.  Somersworth ;  enl.  April 

29, '61,  for  3  mos. ;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  29,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  5,  '6i; 

disch.  disab.  March  24,  '63,  Concord. 
CAMPBELL,  ALEXANDER.     Co.  A;  b.  Scotland;    age  21.     Transf.  from  10  N.  H.  June^i, 

'65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CAMPBELL,  ANDREW  J.     Co.  A;  b.  Bedford;  age  25.    Transf.  from  10  N.  H.  June  21,  '65; 

must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CAMPBELL,  GEORGE.     Co.  B;    b.  New  York:    age  19;    cred.  Concord;    enl.  Nov.  25, '63; 

des.  to  the  enemy  Nov.  8,  '64,  Chaffin's  Farm,  Va. 
CAMPBELL,  JOHN.     Co.  B;  b.  Ireland;  age  21;  cred.  Manchester;  enl.  Nov.  24,  '63;   must. 

out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CAMPBELL,  THOMAS.     Co.  G;  b.  New  York;    age  25;    cred.  Concord;    enl.  Nov.  18, '63; 

transf.  to  U.  S.  Navy  April  30,  '64. 
CANNEY,  JAMES  M.     Co.  E;  b.  Strafford;  age  19;   res.  Northwood;  enl.  April  23,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  3,  '61;  des.  August  27, 

'62,  Warrenton  Junction,  Va. 
CANNEY,  JOHN  C.     Co.  A;  b.  Newburyport,  Mass. ;    age  35;    res.  Portsmouth;    enl.  for  9. 

mos.     Transferred  from  17  N.  H.  April  16,  '63;  must  out  Oct.  9,  '63. 
CAPRON,  J.  FOSTER.     Co.  A;  b.  Keene;  age  24;  res.  Troy;    enl.  April  25, '61,  for  3  mos. ; 

not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  May  31,  '61;    disch.  disab.  Oct.  22, 

'61,  Washington,  D.  C.     Died  Feb.  3,  '92,  Troy. 
CAPURE,  JOHN   B.     Co.   K;    b.  Italy;    age  20;    res.   Italy;    cred.   Keene;    enl.  Dec.  4, '63; 

must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CAREY,  HENRY  F.     Co.  C;  b.  Vermont;  age  30;  res.  Manchester;    enl.  May  27/61;  must. 

in  June  1,  '61;  disch.  disab.  July  29,  '61,  Washington,  D.  C. 
CARL,  CHARLES.     Co.  C;  substitute;  b.   Havana,  Cuba;  age  25.     Transf.  from  10  N.  H. 

June  21,  '65;  app.  Corp.  July  1,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CARLIN,  PATRICK.     Co.  D;  substitute;  b.  Limerick,  Ir.     Transf.  from  10  N.  H.  June  21, 

'65;  disch.  to  date  Sept.  25,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Nat.  Military  Home,  Kansas. 
CARLTON,  FAY.     Co.  B;  b.  New  Hampshire;    age  20;    res.  Colebrook.     Transf.  from  13  N. 

H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Manchester. 
CARLTON,  THEODORE  F.     Co.  H;  b.  England;  age  26:  res.   Montreal,  Can.;    cred.  Hol- 

derness;  enl.  Dec.  2,  '63;  des.  April  g,  '64,  Yorktown,  Va. 
CARLTON,  WILLIAM  E.     Co.  B;  b.  Troy,  N.  Y.;  age  18:   res.  Laconia;  enl.   May  27,  '61; 

must,  in  July  2,  '61;  wd.  severely  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.;    disch.  wds.  Nov.  20,  '63, 

Newark,  N.  J.;    re-enl.  Aug.  2,  '64;    cred.  Gilford;    disch.   to  date  Dec.   19,  '65.     Died 

March  27,  '80,  Lake  Village. 
CARLTON,  WILTON  H.     Co.  E;  b.  Plaistow;  age  18;   res.  Plaistow;  enl.  May  25, '61;  must.. 

in  June  3,  '61;  disch.  by  civil  authority  June  15,  '61.     Subsequent  service,  Co.  I,  2  Mass 

H.  Art. 
CARNES.     See  Kearns. 
CARPENTER,  EBENEZER.     Co.  F;  b.  Littleton;  age  31;    res.  Littleton;    enl.  Feb.  25,  '62; 

must,  in  Feb.  28,  '62.     Died  disease  Feb.  4,  '64,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 

ROSTER.  19 

CARR,  BRACKETT  L.     Co.  F:  b.  Meredith;  age  27:    res.  Laconia;  enl.  Feb.  23, '62;    must. 

in  Feb.  28,  '62:  wd.  Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;    wd.  July  2,   '63,  and  died  of  wds.  July 

28,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa. 
CARR,  HENRY.     Co.  R;  b.  Sullivan  Co.,  N.  Y. :  age  22.     Transf.  from]  12  N.  H.  July  21, 

'65;  disch.  to  date  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Sing  Sing,  N.  Y. 
1    \KR.  JAMES  R.     Co.  I;  b.  Hooksett ;    age  20;     res.   Manchester;  enl.  April  22,  *6i,  for  3 

mos. ;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  7,  '6i ;    disch.  disab. 

June  13,  '62.     Subsequent  service,  1  Lt.  National  Guards,  N.  H.  Vol.  Inft.,  and  1  Lt.  Co. 

C,  1  N.  H.  H.  Art.     P.  O.  ad.  Manchester. 
CARR,  JAMES  W.     Co.  C;  b.  Poplin  (now  Fremont) ;  age  36;  res.  Manchester;  app.  June  4, 

'61,  and  must,  in  to  date  June  1,  '61,  as  Capt.;  app.  Major  Oct.  23,  '62;   Lt.  Col.  April  18, 

'63;    wd.  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa. ;  must,  out  June  21, '64.     Died  July  5, '75,  Grand 

Rapids,  Mich. 
CARR,  JOHN  H.,  Jr.     Co.  G;  substitute;    b.  Fremont;    age  18.     Transf.  from  13  N.  H.  June 

21,  '65;  disch.  Dec.  4,  '65,  Fredericksburg,  Ya.     P.  O.  ad.  Brentwood. 
CARR,  SAMUEL  L.     Co.  B;    b.  Derry:    age  17;    res.  Concord;    enl.   May  27,  '61;    must,  in 

June  1,  '61.     disch.  disab.  March  15,  '62,  Doncaster,   Md.     Subsequent  service,  18  N.  H. 

Died  Aug.  12,  '81. 
CARR,|THOMAS  T.     Co.  B;    b.  Hopkinton;  agee22;    res.  Hopkinton ;    enl.  Sept.   16,  "6i; 

must,  in  Sept.   20,  '6i ;    wd.  Aug.  29, '62,   Bull  Run,  Va.;  July  2, '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.; 

app.  Sergt.  July  1,  '64;    disch.   Sept.   16,  '64,  Wilson's  Landing,  Va.     Died  Oct.  31,  '91, 

Houston,  Tex. 
CARROLL,  JOHN,  alias  John  Carson.     Co.  C;  substitute;  b.  Ireland;  age  21;  cred.  Cornish; 

enl.  Dec.  6,  '64.     Died  disease  April  7,  '65,  Fort  Monroe,  Va. 
CARROLL,  PHILIP  S.     Co.  H ;  b.  Lowell,  Mass. ;    age  "23";    res.  Keene;  enl.  Sept.  3, '61; 

must,  in  Sept.  17,  '61;  disch.  disab.  May  16,  '63,  Concord.     Died  June  5,  '74,  Nat.  Home, 

Togus,  Me. 
CARSON,  JACOB  W.     Co.  G;  b.  New  Boston;  age  21;    res.  New  Boston;  enl.  April  25/61, 

for  3  mos.;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  25,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  5,  '61;    re-enl. 

Jan.  1,  '64;  cred.  Portsmouth;  app.  Sergt.  July  i,'64.  Died  disease  Aug.  5,  '64,  Broadway 

Landing,  Ya. 
CARSON,  JOHN.     See  John  Carroll. 
CARTER,  CHARLES.     Co.  G;  b.  Canada;  age  30;  cred.  Concord;  enl.  Nov.  16, '63;  transf. 

to  U.  S.  Navy  April  30,  '64. 
CARTER,  GEORGE  T.     Co.  B;  b.  Canaan;  age  26;  res.  Concord:  enl.  May  11,  '61;  must,  in 

June  1,  '61;  app.  Corp.  Nov.  1,  '61;    Sergt.  August  1,  '62;    wounded,  severely   and  cap- 
tured Aug.  29, '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;    paroled  Sept.   '62,  exchanged;    wd.  severely  July  2, 

'63,  Gettysburg,  Pa,;  app.  1  Sergt.;   re-enl.  Jan.  1, '64;    app.  2   Lt.  Co.   I,  May  25,  '64; 

not  must.;  wd.  June  3,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va.;  app.  Capt.  Co.   B,  June  24,  '64;  wd.  Aug. 

9,  '64,  Petersburg,  Va. ;    app.  Maj.  Nov.  1,  '65;  not  must.;    must,  out  as  Capt.  Dec.  19, 

'65.     P.  O.  ad.  Washington,  D.  C. 
CARTER,  I  AMES  H.     Co.  A;  substitute;  b.  Boston,  Mass.;  age  25.     Transf.  from  10  N.  H. 

June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CARY.     See  Carey. 
CASEY,  PATRICK..     Co.  B;  b.  Canada;    age  25;    cred.   Portsmouth;    enl.  Dec.  5,  '64;    des. 

March  14,  '65,  Fredericksburg,  Va. 
CASEY,  RICHARD.     Co.  H;  b.  Ireland;  age  31;  res.  Concord;  enl.  forgmos.     Transf.  from 
17  N.  H.  April  16, '63;  wd.  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.;    must,  out  Oct.  9,  '63.     Prior 
service,  7  N.  H.     P.  O.  ad.  Concord. 
CASSON.     See  Kasson. 
GATE,  WILLIAM  H.     Co.  A:  b.  Manchester;  age  18.     Transf.   from  10  N.  H.  June  21,  '65; 

must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Deerfield. 
1  WANAUGH,  ARTHUR.     Co.  E;  b.  Quebec,  Can.;    age  25;    res.  Quebec,   Can.;    credited 
Rochester;  enl.  Nov.  25,  '63;  wd.  June  3,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va. ;  app.  Corp.  April  1,  '65; 
must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CAVANAUGH.     See  Kavanah. 


CEELEY,  CHARLES.     Co.  B;  substitute;  b.  Maine;    age  27;    cred.  Lyme;    enl.  Dec.  3, '64; 

des.  July  24,  '65,  Manchester,  Va. 
CHADBOURN,  MOSES.     Co.  D;    b.  South  Berwick,  Me. ;  age  22;   res.  Dover;  enl.  April  30, 

'61,  for  3  mos.;    not  must,   in;    re-enl.  May  10,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  1,  '61;    des. 

July  7,  '62;  apprehended  Nov.  8,  '63;  disch.  Oct.  20,  '65,  Fredericksburg,  Va. 
CHADWICK,  GEORGE  W.     Co.  G;  b.  Berwick,  Maine;  age  19.  Transf.  from  10  N.  H.  June 

21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     Died  Aug.  27,  '67,  Tallahassee,  Fla. 
CHADWICK,  LUTHER  W.     Co.  D;    b.  Rochester;    age  24;    res.   Dover;    enl.  May   n, '61; 

must,  in  June  1,  '61,  as  Corp.;  disch.  disab.  Aug.  17,  '61.     P.  O.  ad.  Dover. 
CHAMBERLIN.  FRANCIS  H.     Co.  E;  b.  Halifax,  Vt. ;    age  23;    res.  Winchester;    enl.  Sept. 

5,  '61;  must,  in  Sept.  17,  '61;  wd.  May  5,  '62,  Williamsburg,  Va.     Died  wds.  May  7,  '62, 

on  boat  en  route  to  Fort  Monroe,  Va. 
CHAMBERLIN,  GEORGE  C.     Co.  H:  b.  Lynn,  Mass.;    age  23;    res.  Concord;    enl.  Feb.  13, 

'62;    must,  in  Feb.  28, '62;    disch  disab.  Sept.   20,   '62,  Philadelphia,  Pa.     Died  Sept. — , 

'85,  Chicago,  111. 
CHAMMA,  JULES.     Co.  A;  substitute;    b.  Macon,  France;    age  20;    cred.  Moultonborough; 

enl.  Sept.  22,  '64;  disch.  Dec.  19,  '65,  Boston,  Mass. 
CHANDLER,  DAVID  S.     Co.  B;  b.  Colebrook;  age  37;  res.  Colebrook.     Transf.  from  13  N. 

H.,  June  21,  '65;  disch.  July  27,  '65,  Warsaw  Court  House,  Va.      Died  Feb.  18,  '88,  Man- 
CHANDLER,  JAMES  O.     Co.  I;    b.  Pittsfield;  age  24;    res.  New  Ipswich ;    enl.  April  22, '61, 

for  3  mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  7,  '61;  app.  Corp. : 

disch.  disab.  May  28,  '63,  Concord.     Subsequent  service,  Capt.  National  Guards,  N.  H. 

Vol.  Inft.,  and  Capt.  Co.  C,  1  N.  H.  H.  Art.     P.  O.  ad.  Nar'ragansett  Pier,  R.  I. 
CHANDLER,  JOHN.     Co.  F;    b.  Campton;    age  22;   res.  Campton;    enl.  April  19, '61,  foi  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  4,  '61,  as  Corp. ;  wd. 

severely  Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va.;  disch.  wds.  May  15,  '63.     P.  O.  ad.  Plymouth. 
CHANDLER,  SELDEN  S.     Co.  H;  b.  Enfield;  age  38;  res.  Claremont;  enl.  April  20,  '61,  for 

3  mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs;  must,  in  June  5, '61, as  Corp.;  transf. 

to  Co.  K,  4  Art.  U.  S.  A.,  Nov.  1, '62-,  des.  July  10, '64,  Petersburg,  Va. ;    apprehended; 

shot  for  des.  Sept.  2,  '64. 
CHAPMAN,  JOSEPH  E.     Co.  B;  b.  Newmarket;  age  28;    res.  Newmarket;    enl.  May  9,  '61 ; 

must,  in  June  1, '61 ;  wd.  severely  and  captured,  Aug.  29,   '62,  Bull  Run,Va.;    paroled 

Sept.  2,  '62;  disch.  wds.  Dec.  6,  '62.     Died  Nov.  29,  '68. 
CHAPMAN,  JOSEPH  H.     Co.  B;  b.  Newmarket;  age  20;  res.  Newmarket.     Transf.  from  13 

N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CHARON.  JOSEPH.     Co.  C;  substitute;  b.  England;  age  22;  cred.  Alexandria;  enl.  Dec.  7, 

'64;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CHASE,  ALGERNON  F.     Co.  B;  b.  Montpelier,  Vt.;  age  21;   res.  Somersworth:  enl.  Aug.  8, 

'62;  must,  in  Aug.  12,  '62.     Died,  sunstroke,  Aug.  27,  '62,  Bristoe  Station,  Va. 
CHASE,  ALONZO.     Co.  H;    b.  Hopkinton;  age  26;    res.  Hopkinton;    enl.   May  6, '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  10,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  5,  '61 ;  disch.  disability 

April  27,  '63,  Concord.     P.  O.  ad.  Warner. 
CHASE,  BENJAMIN  F.     Co.  C;  b.  Loudon;  age  28;  res.  Manchester;  enl.  May  9,  '61;  must. 

in  June  1,  '61,  as  Sergt. ;  reduced  to  ranks;  killed  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa. 
CHASE,  CHARLES  H.     Co.  E;    b.  Stratham;    age  19;    res.  Stratham ;    enl.  May  6, '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  27, '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  3, '61;    wd.  and  capt. 

July  31,  '61,  Bull  Run,  Va.     Died  Sept.  1,  '61,  Richmond,  Va. 
CHASE,  CHARLES  M.     Co.  H;  b.  Somersworth;  age  20;    res.  Somersworth;  enl.  August  8, 

'62;  must,  in  Aug.  12, '62;  wd.  July  2, '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa. ;  May  8, '64,  near  Petersburg, 

Va. ;  disch.  June  n,  '64,  to  accept  promotion.     Subsequent  service,  Capt.  108  U.  S.  C.  T. 
CHASE,  GEORGE  L.     Co.  H;  b.  Groton,  Vt.;  age  24;  res.  Henniker:  enl.  April  29,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  10,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  5, '61 :    must,  out  June 

21,  '64.     Died  June  13,  '65,  Henniker. 
CHASE,  GEORGE  S.     Co.  F;  b.  Franconia;  age  23;  res.  Laconia;  enl.  May  6,  '61, for  3  mos.; 

not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22, '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  4, '61;  wd.  July  21,   '61,   Bull 

Run,  Va.;  disch.  wds.  Sept.  5,  '61,  Concord.     Died  July  10,  '94,  Laconia. 

ROSTER.  21 

CHASE,  JAMES  H.     Co.  K;  b.  Exeter;  age  23;  res.  Loudon;  enl.  May  27,  '61;  must,  in  June 

8,  '61:   transf.  to  Co.  K,  4  Art.  U.  S.  A.,  Nov.  5,  '62;  re-enl.  Feb.  11,  '64;  app.  Corp.  Dec. 

5,  '66;  disch.  Feb.  n,  '67,  Ft.  Delaware",  Del.     P.  O.  ad.  Somerville,  Mass. 

<  HASE,  JOHN.     Co.  C;  b.  Chester;  age  31;   res.  Auburn;  enl.  May  20.  '61;  must,  in  June  1, 

'61 :  app.  Corp.  Feb.,  '63;  wd.  and  missing  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.     Supposed  killed. 

CHASE,  JOHN  H.     Co.  C;    b.  Portsmouth;    age  23;    res.  Deerfield;    enl.  Aug.  5, '61 ;    disch. 

Feb.  4,  '62,  by  order  G.  C.  M. 
CHASE,  JOHN  HOWARD.     Co.  E;  b.  Exeter;    age  19;  res.  Stratham;  enl.  May  6,  '61,  for  3 
mos. :  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  June  3, '61.     Died,  disease,  July  13,  '62, 
near  Harrison's  Landing,  Va. 
1  HASE,  SAMUEL  H.     Co.  B;  b.  Exeter,  Me.;  age  28;  res.  Concord;  enl.  May  24,  '61;  must, 
in  June  1,  '61;  disch.  disab.  July  19,  '61,  Washington,  D.  C.     Subsequent  serviee,  Co.  F, 
13  V.  R.  C. 
CHAUNCEY,  GEORGE  H.     Co.   F;    b.  Lunenburg,  Vt. ;    ager8;    res.  Lunenburg,  Vt. ;    enl. 
May  27,  '61;  must,  in  June  4,  '61;  re-enl.  Jan.  1,  '64;  cred.  Portsmouth;  app.  Corp.  July 
1,  '64;  Sergt.  Sept.  1,  '64;  reduced  to  ranks  April  12,  '65;    must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CHEEVER,  GEORGE  N.     Co.  B;  b.  Hardwick,  Vt.;  age  21;   res.  Concord;  enl.  May  n,  '61; 
must,   in  June   i,  '61;    app.  Corp.  Oct.  1,  '61:    wd.  May  5,  '62,  Williamsburg,  Va. ;    app. 
Sergt.  May  1,  '63;    captured  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.;    reduced  to  ranks  July  1,  '64; 
app.  Sergt.  Sept.  17,  '64;  paroled  Nov.  18,  '64;    disch.  Jan.   17,   '65,  Concord.     P.  O.  ad. 
Franklin  Falls. 
CHESLEY,  JOSEPH  M.     Co.  E;  b.  Durham;  age  19;  res.  Pittsfield;  enl.  April  29,  '61,  for  3 
mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  3,  '61;    killed  July  2, 
'63,  Gettysburg,  Pa. 
CHICKERING,  EDWIN.     Co.  B;    b.  Pembroke;  age  23;  res.  Pembroke ;    enl.  Aug.   8,  '62; 
must   in  Aug.  12,  '62;  disch.  disab.  May  16/63,  Concord.    P.  O.  ad.  Cedar  Rapids,  Iowa. 
CHICKERING,  FRANK.     Co.  B;  b.  Milford;  age  20;  res.  Hollis;    enl.  Aug.  18,  '62;    must. 
in  Aug.  21,  '62;  wd.  June  3,  '64.  Cold  Harbor,  Va. ;  app.  Corp.  July  1,  '64;  Sergt.  Dec.  6, 
04;  disch.  June  9,  '65,  Manchester,  Va.     P.  O.  ad.  Grand  Rapids,  Mich. 
CHIPMAN,  THOMAS  J.     Co.  I:  b.  Newburyport,  Mass. ;  age  44;  res.  Greenland;  enl.  for  9 

mos.     Transf.  from  17  N.  H.,  April  16,  '63;  disch.  disab.  May  29,  '63,  Concord. 
CHRISTENSON,  ANDREW.     Go.  G;  b.  Norway;  age  20;    cred.   Manchester;    enl.  Dec.   1, 

'63;  disch.  Jnne  5,  '65,  Concord. 
CHRISTIAN,  HANS.     Co.  F;  b.  Norway;  age  26;  cred.  Nashua;  enl.  Nov.  30,  '63;  des.  April 

9,  '64,  Yorktown,  Va. 
CHURCH,  FREEMAN  L.     Co.  E;  b.  Vershire,  Vt. :  age  22;   res.  Holderness;    enl.  April  22, 
'61,  for  3  mos. ;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  3, '6r ;    disch. 
disab.  Aug.  5,  '61,  Washington,  D.  C. 
CILLEY,  GEORGE  W.     Co.  I;    b.  Wilmot;    age  27;    enl.  May  9,  '61 ;    must,  in  June  7, '61 ; 

app.  Corp.  Jan.  1,  '64;  must,  out  June  21,  '64.     P.  O.  ad.  Orange. 
CILLEY.     See  Ceeley. 
CIRSE,  JOHN.     Co.  K;  b.  Italy;  age  2r;  res.  Italy;  cred.  Keene;  enl.  Dec.  4,  '63;  must,  out 

Dec.  19,  '65. 
CLAIRE,  HENRY.     Co.  C;  substitute;    b.  Canada;    age  21;    cred.  Goshen;    enl.  Dec.  7, '64; 

des.  Nov.  18,  '65,  Warsaw  Court  House,  Va. 
CLARK,  CHARLES  H.     Co.  I;  b.  Salisbury,  Vt.;  age  22;  cred.  Stratham;  enl.  Nov.  30,  '63; 

app.  Corp.  July  1,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CLARK,  DAVID.     Co.  F;  b.  New  Hampshire;  age  23;  res.  Laconia;    enl.  April  19,  '6r,  for  3 
mos  ;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.   May  22,  '61 ,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  4,  '61,  as  Corp.;    app. 
Sergt.  Oct.  1,  '61;  des.  Oct.  4,  '62. 
CLARK,  DAVID  J.     Co.  F;  b.  Gloucester,  Mass. ;  age  27;    res.  New  Durham;    enl.  May  n, 

'61;  must,  in  June  4,  '61;  app.  Sergt.;  must,  out  June  21,  '64.     P.  O.  ad.  New  Durham. 
CLARK,  EDWARD.     Co.  B;  b.  Maryland;  age  20;   cred.   Concord;    enl.  Nov.   25,  '63;    fur- 
loughed  from  De  Camp  Gen.  Hosp.,  David's  Isl.,  N.  Y.  Harbor,  from  June  5,  '64,  to  July 
16,  '64.     No  further  record. 
CLARK,  EDWARD.     Co.  C;   b.  New  York;  age  18:    res.  Pembroke;    enl.  May  10,  '61;  must. 


in  June  i,  '61 ;  app.  Corp.  Jan.  i,  '63;    Sergt.  July  2,  '63;    re-enl.  Jan.  1,  '64;  cred.  Hook- 
sett;    app.  Sergt.  Maj.  July  1,  '64;    1  Lt.  Co.  H,  Nov.  3,  '64;    Capt.  Co.  A,  July  n,  '65; 
must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     Died  Feb.  2,  '87,  Centralia,  111. 
CLARK,  FRANK.     Co.  I;  b.  Suncook;  age  18;    res.  Grantham ;  enl.  for  9  mos.     Transferred 

from  17  N.  H.  April  16,  '63;  must,  out  Oct.  9,  '63. 
CLARK,  FRANK.     Co.  I;  b.  Boston,  Mass.;  age  20;  cred.  Newmarket;  enl.  Dec.  2,  '63;  wd. 

June  30,  '64,  Petersburg,  Va. ;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Vancouver,  Wash. 
CLARK,  GEORGE  W.     Co.  A;    b.  Troy;    age  22;    cred.  Troy;  enl.  April  17,  '63;    must,  in 

April  18,  '63;  disch.  disab.  Sept.  22,  '63,  Frederick  City,  Md.     Died  Jan.  1,  '64,  Troy. 
CLARK,  HARRY.     Co.  G;  b.  New  York;  age  22;  cred.  Concord;  enl.  Nov.  17,  '63;  deserted 

Dec.  1,  '63   Point  Lookout,  Md. 
CLARK,  JAMES.     Co.  D;    b.  England;    age  21;    cred.   Merrimack;    enl.  Nov.  20, '63;  app. 

Corp.  July  1,  '64;  Sergt.  May  1,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CLARK,  JAMES  W.  Co.  H;  b.  Sangerville,  Me.;  age  22;  res.  Somerswort h ;  enl.  April  25, 
'61,  for  3  mos. ;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  27,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  5,  '61,  as  Corp.; 
app.  Sergt.  June  i,  '62;  disch.  Aug.  26,  '62,  to  accept  promotion.  Subsequent  service, 
1  Lt.  Co.  E,  18  Me.  Inf.  (became  1  Me.  H.  Art.);  wd.  June  18,  '64,  Petersburg,  Va. ; 
died  wds.  July  24,  '64,  David's  Isl.,  N.  Y. 
CLARK,  JOHN.     Co.  H;  b.  New  York;  age  24;  res.  Lansingburg,  N.  Y. ;  cred.  Landaff;  enl. 

Dec.  2,  '63;  app.  Corp.  Jan.  1,  '65;  Sergt.  Oct.  1,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CLARK,  JOHN.     Co.  B;  substitute;    b.  Ireland;    age  19;    cred.  Goffstown;    enl.  Dec.  3, '64; 

des.  March  25,  '65,  White  House,  Va. 
CLARK,  JOHN.     Co.  C;    b.  Canada;    age  27;    cred.  Epsom;  .enl.  Nov.  27,  '63;    des.  Sept.  3, 

'65,  Tappahannock,  Va. 
CLARK,  JOHN.     Co.  C;  substitute;  b.  Ireland;  age  29;    cred.  Seabrook;  enl.    Oct.   12,  '64; 

must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CLARK,  JOSEPH,  alias  William  Marks.     Co.   B;    b.   Illinois;    age  23;    cred.  Concord;    enl. 
Nov.  24,  '63;  wd.  June  3, '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va.     Died  wds.  June  9,   '64,   White  House 
Landing,  Va. 
CLARK,  MILTON  W.     Co.  A;  b.  Keene;  age  41;  res.  Keene;    enl.  April  25, '61,  for  3  mos. ; 
not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  May  31,  '61,  as  Sergt.;  disch.  disab. 
May  31,  '63,  Concord.     Died  Nov.  23,  '88,  Rochdale,  Mass. 
CLARK,   RICHARD.     Unassigned;    substitute;  ,b.   Canada;    age  22;    cred.  Hampton;    enl. 

Dec.  5,  '64;  des.  Dec.  10,  '64,  Boston,  Mass, 
CLARK,  RICHARD.     Co.  K;  b.  Ireland;  age  29;    cred.  Pittsfield.     Transf.  from   12  N.  H., 

June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CLARK,  THEODORE  S.     Co.  B;  b.  Boston,  Mass.;  age  24;   res.  Concord;  enl.  Aug.  27,  '61; 

must,  in  Aug.  28,  '61 ;  disch.  disab.  Jan.  28,  '63,  Alexandria,  Va. 
CLARK,  WILLIAM.     Co.  D;    b.'NewYork;    age  22;    cred.  Hillsborough;    enl.  Nov.  14, '63; 

des.  July  9,  '64,  near  Petersburg,  Va. 
CLAY,  BRADLEY.     Co.  D;    age   18;    enl.  May  10,  '61:    must,  in  June  1, '61.     Died,  disease, 

Oct.  6,  '61,  Bladensburg,  Md. 
CLAY,  GEORGE  H.     Co.  B;  b.  Hooksett;  age  23;  res.  Concord;  enl.  May  6,  '61,  for  3  mos.; 
not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  9,  '61,  for  3  yrs.:  must,  in  June   1,  '61;    captured  July  21,  '61, 
Bull  Run,  Va.:  paroled  June  2, '62;  disch.  as  a  paroled  prisoner  July  15, '62.  Subsequent 
service,  U.  S.  Navy  and  13  V.  R.  C. 
CLAY,  GEORGE  W.     Co.  I;    b.  New  Hampshire;    age  23;   res.  Candia;    enl.  April  22, '61,  for 
3  mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  7,  '61.     Died,  disease, 
April  2,  '64,  Candia. 
CLAYTON,  WILLIAM  H.     Co.  C;  substitute;  b.  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.;  age  21;   res.  Portsmouth. 
Transf.  from  10  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;    app.  Sergt.  Nov.  1,  '63;    must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P. 
O.  ad.  Amesbury,  Mass. 
CLEARY,  CORNELIUS.     Co.  H:  b.  Ireland;  age  35;  res.   Keene;    enl.  Aug.  27,  '61;    must, 
in  Sept.  17,  '61;    wd.   sev.  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.     Died  wds.  Aug.  1,  '63,  Washing- 
ton, D.  C. 
CLEMENSON,  JOSEPH  C.     Co.  C;  b.  Pennsylvania;    age  35 ;    cred.  Concord;    enl.  Nov.  13, 
'63;  disch.  disability  May  rs,  '65,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 

ROSTER.  23 

CLEMENT,  ABNER  H.     Co.  C;    b.   Rollinsford;    age  21 ;    res.  Manchester;  enl.  May  n,  '61 ; 

must,  in  June  I,  '61,  as  Corp.;  des.  as  a  Priv.  Nov.  29,  '62,  Wolf  Run  Ford,  Va. 
CLEMENT,  CHARLES  C.     Co.  C;  b.   Rollinsford;    age  18;    res.   Rollinsford;    enl.   May  21, 

'61;  must,  in  June  1, '61 :  disch.  disab.  July  10,  '61,  near  Washington,  D.  C.     Subsequent 

service,  Sergt.  Co.  K,  3  N.  H.     P.  0.  ad.  Fitchburg,  Mass. 
CLEMENT,  FREEMAN  P.     Co.  B;  b.  Moultonborough;  age  20:   res.  Moultonborough ;  enl. 

May  9,  '61;  must,  in  June  1,  '61;  disch.  disab.  July  31,  '62.     P.  O.  ad.  Moultonborough. 
CLEMENT,  JOHN.  S.     Co.  F;  b.  Moultonborough;  age  21 ;  res.  Moultonborough;  enl.  April 

29,  '61,  for  3  mos. ;  not  must,  in:   re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  June  4,  '61;  des. 

May  25,  '63,  Concord. 
CLEMENT,  ORIN  B.     Co.  B;  b.  Sandwich;    age  21;    res.  Concord;    enl.  May  27, '61 ;    must. 

in  June  1,  '61.     Died  Dee.  3,  '62,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 
CLEMENT,  WYMAN  R.     Co.  H;  b.  Woodstock,  Vt.;  age  22;  res.  Claremont;  enl.  April  22, 

'61,  for  3  mos.;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  5,  '61.     Died, 

disease,  Aug.  1,  '61,  Washington,  D.  C. 
CLEMENTS,  GEORGE  F.     Co.  C;  b.  Rollinsford;    age  36;    res.  Somersworth:    enl.  Aug.  9, 

'62;    must,  in  Aug.   12,  '62;    wd.  Aug.  '29,  62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;  killed  July  2, '63,  Gettys- 
burg, Pa. 
CLIFFORD,  WILLIAM.     Co.  B;  b.  Warren;  age  21;    res.  Warren;    enl.  May  22,  *6i ;  must. 

in  June  1,  '61;  re-enl.  Jan.  1,  '64;  cred.  Nashua:  app.  Hosp.  Steward  Feb.  17,  '65;    must. 

out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Lowell,  Mass. 
CLIFTON,  HENRY  F.     Co.  C;  b.  Meredith;  age  "  20";    res.   Manchester;    enl.  Aug.  6, '61 ; 

must,  in  Aug.  24,  '61;  disch.  Aug.  24,  '64,  near  Petersburg,  Va.     P.  O.  ad.  Manchester. 
CLINTON,  CHARLES.     Unassigned;  substitute;  b.  England;    age  20;    cred.   Hillsborough; 

enl.  Dec.  3,  '64;  des.  Dec.  10,  '64,  Boston,  Mass. 
CLOUGH,  SAMUEL  H.     Co.  F;  b.  Lyman;  age  40;  res.  Stratford;  enl.   April  22,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  4,  '61.     Died  dis.  Aug. 

27,  '62,  Staten  Isl.,  N.  Y. 
CLOUTMAN,  JAMES  A.     Co.  F;  b.  New  Durham;  age  22;  res.   Farmington;    enl.   May  27, 

'61 :  des.  July  3,  '61,  Washington,  D.  C. 
COBB,  FRED  W.     Co.  A;  b.  Barton,  Vt.;  age  23;   res.  Keene;  enl.  April  25,  '61,  for  3  mos.; 

not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  22,  '6i,  for  3  yrs.;  must   in  May  31,  '61,  as  1  Sergt.;  app.  2  Lt. 

Sept.  1,  '61;   1  Lt.  July  1,  '62;  resigned  Aug.  31,  '62.     Died  April  22,  '89,  Barton,  Vt. 
COBURN,  GEORGE  C.     Co.  G;  b.  Warner;  age  22;    res.   Littleton;    enl.   May  7,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in:   re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  5,  '61;  wd.  July  2,  '63, 

Gettysburg,  Pa.;  must,  out  June  21,  '64.     Subsequem  service,  1  N.  H.  Cav.     Died  June 

10,  '91,  Lisbon. 
COFFIN,  WILLIAM  D.     Co.  G;  b.  Concord;  age  25;   res.  Milford:    enl.   April  25, '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  25, '61,  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  June  5, '61 ;    killed  Aug.  29, 

'62,  Bull  Run,  Va. 
COFFIN,  WILLIAM  H.     Co.  H;  b.  Wolfeborough;  age  20;  res.  Somersworth;  enl.  April  25, 

'61,  for  3  mos. ;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  27,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;  must,  in  June  5,   '61;    disch. 

disab.  Jan.  27,  '63,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 
COFFRAN,  JOHN  D.     Co.  E;  b.  Epsom:  age   18;    res.   Epsom;  enl.  Aug.  21,  '62;  must,  in 

Aug.  25,  '62;  des.  May  25,  '63,  Concord;  returned  by  authorities  July  17,  '63;  des.  Nov. 

10,  '63,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
COFRAN,   KENDALL  W.     Co.   B;    b.  Weld,  Me.:    age  18;   res.  Seabrook:  enl.   for  9  mos. 

Transf.  from  17  N.  H.  April  16,  '63;  to  Co.  H,  May  31,  '63;  wd.  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg, 

Pa.     Died  wds.July  30,  '63,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 
COGSWELL,  WARRFN.     Co.  K;  b.  Haverhill,  Mass.;  age  39;  res.  Portsmouth;    enl.   for  9 

mos.     Transf.  from  17  N.  H.  April  16,  '63;  missing  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.;  gained 

from  missing;  must,  out  Oct.  9,  '63. 
COHEN,  WILLIAM.     Co.  B;  b.  England;    age  20;    cred.   Concord;    enl.  Nov.  24,  '63;    des. 

July  8,  '64,  Newark,  N.  J.;  gained  from  des.;  des.  May  22,  '65. 
COLBATH,  LEVI  W.     Co.  E;  b.  Greenland;  age  21 ;    res.   Stratham;    enl.   May  4,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in:   re-enl.  May  27,  '61,  for  3  yrs.:  must,   in  June  3,  '61;    captured  July 

21,  '61,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;   released;  must,  out  June  21,  '64. 


COLBATH,  NERIAH  S.     Co.  F;  b.  Farmington;    age  26;    res.  Alton;    enl.   May  4,  '61,  for  3 

mos. ;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  17,  '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  4,  '61;    wd.  Aug.   29, 

'62,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;  must,  out  June  21,  '64.     Died  March  9,  '93,  Dover. 
COLBURN,  DAVID  W.     Co.  C;  b.  New  Boston ;  age  21;    res.  Goffstown:    enl.   May  9,  '61; 

must,  in  June  1, '61,  as  Corp. ;  app.  Sergt.  Jan.  1,  '63;   1  Sergt.  May  i,'(>y,  killed  July  2, 

'63,  Gettysburg,  Pa. 
COLBURN,  GEORGE  W.     Co.  B;  age  23;  res.  Windham.     Transf.  from   13,  N.  H.  June  21, 

'65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Nashua. 
COLBY,  ABIEL  W.     Co.  B;  b.  Bow;  age  28;  res.  Concord;  enl.  May  16,  '61;  app.  2  Lt.  June 

4, '61;  must,  in  to  date  June  1, '61,  as  2  Lt. ;    app.   1  Lt.  July  1, '61 ;   Capt.  Nov.   1,  '61. 

Died  dis.  May  13,  '62,  Yorktown,  Va. 
COLBY,  HARVEY  M.     Co.  C;  b.  New  London;  age  21;  res.  Manchester;  enl.   May  13,  '61; 

must,  in  June  1,  '61;  des.  Oct.  14,  '61,  Bladensburg,  Md. ;  apprehended  about  2  yrs.  after 

desertion;  des.  June  8,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va. ;    apprehended;    pardoned  for  desertion  by 

S.  O.  283,  W.  D.,  A.  G.  O.,  dated  Aug.  27,  '64,  on  condition  that  he  re-enlist  for  3  years, 

and  serve  out  term  unless  honorably  discharged.     No  further   record.     P.   O.   ad.  Clare- 

COLBY,  MOSES  J.    Co.  D;   b.  Concord;  age  30;  res.  Dover;  enl.  May  n,  '61;  must,  in  June 

I,  '61,  as  Corp.;  disch.  disab.  July  30,  '61.     Died  Oct.  26,  '80,  Haverhill,  Mass. 
COLCORD,  CHARLES  E.     Co.  E;  b.  Exeter;  age  24;    res.   Exeter;  enl.  May   1,   '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  25, '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  3,  '61;    disch  disab. 

AU5.  2,  '63,  Washington,  D.  C.     P.  O.  ad.  Lawrence,  Mass. 
COLCORD,  WILLIAM  H.     Co.  E;  b.  Exeter:  age  28;    res.   Exeter;    enl.   May   1,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  3,  '6i,  as  Corp.;  app.  Sergt.  Dec.  1, 

'61;   1  Sergt.  Aug.  1,  '62;  2  Lt.  May  18,  '63;   1  Lt.  Co.  K  July  2,  '63;  wd.  severely  June  5, 

'64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va. ;  must,  out  June  21,  '64.     P.  O.  ad.  Exeter. 
COLE,  JOHN.     Co.  B;  b.  Nova  Scotia;  age  22;  cred.  Goffstown;  enl.  Nov.  25,  '63;  des.  May 

22,  '65,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
COLE,  JOHN  H.     Co.  C;  b.  Lowell,  Mass.;  age  19;  res.  Manchester;  enl.  May  9,  '61;   must. 

in  June  1, '61;  app.  Corp.;   must,  out  June  21,  '64.     Subsequent  service,  Sergt.  Co.  D, 

18  N.  H.     P.  O.  ad.  Manchester. 
COLE,  MICAJAH  S.     Co.  C;  b.  Canaan;  age  20;  res.  Manchester;  enl.  Aug.  3,  '61;  must,  in 

Aug.  14,  '61.     P.  O.  ad.  Manchester. 
COLE,  URIAH  W.     Co.  H:  b.  Somersworth;  age  42;   res.  Dover:    enl.  Feb.  14, '62;  must,  in 

Feb.  28,  '62;  killed  May  5,  '62,  Williamsburg,  Va. 
COLEMAN,  GEORGE  H.     Co.  K.     See  Sellick  Slawson. 
COLEMAN,  JOHN.     Co.  A;  b.  England;  age  31;  cred.  Manchester;    enl.  Nov.  24, '63;    des. 

April  11,  '64,  Yorktown,  Va. 
COLLARD,  SAMUEL.     Co.  D;  b.  Newburg,  N.  Y. ;    age  21;    cred.   Bedford:    enl.   Nov.  27, 

'63;  must,  in  Nov.  28,  '63;    transf.  to  Co.  F,  20  V.  R.  C,  April  26,  '65;    disch.  Sept.  25, 

'65,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 
COLLIGAN,  MICHAEL.     Co.  B;  b.  Ireland:  age  26;    cred.   Manchester;    enl.  Nov.   25, '63; 

must,  in  Nov.  25,  '63;  wd.  June  3,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va.;    des.  Nov.  9,  '64,   from  Ward 

Gen.  Hosp.,  Newark,  N.  J. 
COLLINS,  EDWARD  W.,  Jr.     Co.  I ;  b.  Croydon;  age  22;   res.  Cornish;    enl.  April  27,  '6i, 

for  3  mos. ;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  21, '61,  for  3  yrs. ;  must  in  June  7, '61 ;  disch.  disab. 

Aug.  16,  '61,  Washington,  D.  C.     Died  Dec.  2,  '95,  Cornish. 
COLLINS,  JAMES.     Co.  K;  b.  Ireland;  age  39.     Transf.  from  12  N.  H.,  June  21,  '65;  disch. 

July  22,  '65,  Fort  Monroe,  Va. 
COLLINS,  PROCTOR.     Co.  H;  b.  Bradford;  age  32;  res.  Hopkinton:  enl.  May  7,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  9,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  5,  '61;  must,  out  June 

21,  '61. 
COLLINS,  THOMAS.     Co.  I:  b.  Antwerp,  Holland;  age  23;    cred.  Newmarket;  enl.  Dec.  2, 

'63;  wd.  June  3,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va. ;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
COLLISTER,  CHARLES  O.     Co.  G;  b.  Marlborough;   age  23;   res.  Peterborough;  enl.  April 

26,   '61,  for  3  mos.;    not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  15,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  5,  '61; 

killed  Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. 

ROSTER.  25 

CONCKLIN,  CHARLES.     Co.  B:  b.  New  York:    age  21;    cred.  Concord;    enl.  Nov.  25, '63; 

des.  Jan.  28,  '64,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
CONLEY,  EDWARD.     Co.  K;      b.  England;     age  25.      Transferred  from  12  N.  H.  June  21, 

'65;  disch.  to  date  Sept.  27,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Fort  Buford,  N.  D. 
CONLON,  PATRICK.     Co.  C;  b.  Manchester;  age  14:  musician.    Transferred  from  10  N.  H. 

June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
(  (  >NNELL,  ANDREW  M.     Co.  C;  b.  Montreal,  Can.;  age  22;   res.  Manchester;  enl.  May  9, 

'61;  must,  in  June  1,  '61:   must  out  June  21,  '64.     Died  Aug.  20,  '71,  Cambridge,  Mass. 
(  K  iNNELL,  JOHN  \V.     Co.  G;  substitute:   b.  Boston,  Mass. ;  age  22;  res.  Hudson.     Transf. 

from  13  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Hudson. 
O  INNK1.1.V.     See  Connolly,  Conolly  and  Kennelly. 
CONNER,  JOSEPH  B.     Co.  1;  b.  Sanbornton;  age  34;   res.  Pembroke;  enl.  April  24, '61,  for 

3  mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  23,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  7,  '61;    disch.  disab. 
Jan.  21,  '62,  Doncaster,  Md. 

CONNER,  WILLIAM  H.     Co.  H;  b.  Ossipee;    age  19;    res.  Somersworth;  enl.  April  26, '61, 

for3mos.;  not  must,  in;   re-enl.  May  27, '61,  for  3  yrs. :  must,  in  June   5,  '61;    captured 

July  21,  '61,  Bull  Run,  Va.     Died  July  31,  '61,  Centerville,  Va. 
CONNER.     See  Connor. 
CONNOLLY,  EDWARD.     Co.  D;  substitute;    b.  Canada;    age  22;    cred.   Concord.     Transf. 

from  10  N.  H.  June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec  19,  '65.     P.  O.  ad.  Boston,  Mass. 
CONNOLLY.     See  Conolly. 
CONNOR,  JOHN,     Co.  A;  b.  Ireland;  age  22;  cred.  Concord;  enl.  Nov.  23, '63;  des.  May  2, 

'65,  Boston,  Mass. 
CONNOR,  JOHN.     Co.  G;  substitute;  b.  Galway,  Ir.;  age  22.     Transf.   from   10  N.H.June 

21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CONNOR.     See  Conner. 
CONNORS,  JOHN.     Co.  B;  substitute:  b.  Galway,  Ir.;   age  21.     Transf.  from  13  N.  H.  June 

21,  '65;  app.  Corp.  July  1,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
CONOLLY,  TIMOTHY.     Co.   D:    b.   Ireland;    age  24;    cred.  Dunbarton;  enl.  Nov.  27, '63; 

must,  in  Nov.  28,  '63;  des.  Jan.  5,  '64,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
CONOLLY.     See  Connolly, 
t  1  »\'VERSE,  GRANVILLE  S.     Co.  I;  b.  Gilsum;  age  18;  ris.  Keene;  enl.  April  28,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;  not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  21,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  7,  '61;  must,  out  June 

21,  '64.     P.  O.  ad.  Leominster,  Mass. 
CONVERSE,  LEVI  N.     Co.  A;  b.  Marlborough;    age  31;    res.   Marlborough:    enl.  April   25, 

'61,  for  3  mos. ;  not  must,  in:    re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  May  31, '61,  as 

Sergt.;  app.  1  Sergt.  Sept.  1,  '61;  2  Lt.  July  1,  '62;   1  Lt.  Aug.  31, '62;  wd.  severely  July 

2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa. ;  app.  Capt.  July  2, '63:    disch.  June  21,  '64;    re-app.  Capt.  June 

24,  '64;  must,  in  July  5,  '64;  app.  Maj.  May  18,  '65;   Lt.  Col.  Nov.  1,  '65;   not  mustered; 

must,  out  as  Maj.  Dec.  19,  '65.     Died  Oct.  — ,  '70,  Louisville,  Ky. 
CONVERSE,  NATHAN  P.     Co.   B:    b.  Woburn,  Mass.;   age  22;  res.  Concord;  enl.  Aug.  6, 

'62;  must,  in  Aug.  12,  '62;  disch.  June  6,  '65,  Fort  Monroe,  Va. 
CONWAY,  JOSEPH.     Co.  H;  b.  New  York;  age  18;  res.  Boston,  Mass.;  cred.  Alstead;  enl. 

Dec.  2,  '63.     Died  Jan.  27,  '64,  Point  Lookout,  Md. 
COOK,  HERBERT  E.     Co.  D;    b.   Winchester;  age  19;    res.  Winchester;  enl.  Sept.  11, '61; 

must,  in  Sept.  17,  '61;  re-enl.  Jan.  1,  '64;  cred.  Milton;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
COOK,  JAMES  A.     Non-com'd  Staff ;  b.  Cornish;    age  47;    res.  Claremont ;    enl.  June  18, '6i; 

must,  in  July  2,  '61,  as  Com.  Sergt.;  app.  Q.  M.  June  9,  '62;  disch.  to  accept  promotion, 

to  date  Aug.  12,  '63.     Subsequent  service,  Capt.,  Commissary  Subsistence.   Died  May  13, 

'66,  Claremont. 
COOK,  JOHN.     LTnassigned;  substitute;  b.  England;   age  24;  cred.  Goshen;  enl.  Dec.  6, '64; 

des.  Dec.  10,  '64,  en  route  to  Galloup's  Isl.,  Boston  Harbor,  Mass. 
COOK,  MARK  F.     Co.  F;  b.  Milton;  age  21:    res.   Farmington;    enl.   May  16,   '61;  must,  in 

June  4,  '61;   missing  Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va. :  gained  from  missing;   transf.  to  Co.  K, 

4  Art.  I'.  S.  A.,  Nov.  1,  '62;  des.  July  12,  '63.     Died  March  20,  '76,  Wolfeborough. 
COOK,  WILLIAM.     Co.  A;  substitute;  b.  Greenwich,  Eng. ;  age  28.     Transf.  from  10  N.  H. 

June  21,  '65;  must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 


COOLEDGE,  WILLIAM  P.     Band;  b.  Hillsborough;    age  23;  res.  Peterborough;   enl.  July 

22,  '61;  must,  in  Aug.  7,  '61,  as  2  Class  Muse;  must,  out  as  1  Class   Muse.  Aug.  8,  '62, 

near  Harrison's  Landing,  Va. 
COOLIDGE,  GEORGE.     Co.  A;    b.  Troy;    age  28;    res.  Fitzwilliam;   enl.  April  30,  '61,  for  3 

mos.;    not  must,   in;    re-enl.  May  22, '6i,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  May  31, '61;    disch  disab. 

Aug.  19,  '61,  Washington,  D.  C.     Died  Jan.  8,  '80, 'Akron,  Ohio. 
COOLIGAN,  ABEL  W.     Co.  E;  b.  Canada;  age  29;   res.  Winchester;  enl.  Sept.  2,  '61;  must. 

in  Sept.  17, '61 ;    wd.  July  1, '62,  Malvern  Hill,  Va. ;    deserted:    apprehended  July  2,  '63; 

disch.  Sept.  13,  '64,  Bermuda  Hundred,  Va.     P.  O.  ad.  Winchester. 
COOPER,  CHARLES  S.     Co.   B;    b.  Barre,  Mass.;    age  20;    res.  Concord;    enl.  May  n, '61; 

must,  in  Junei,   '61,  as  Sergt.;    captured  July  21, '61,  Bull  Run,  Va. ;    paroled  May  n, 

'62;  disch.  as  a  paroled  prisoner,  May  20,  '62.     Subsequent  service,  Corp.   Co.   F,  16  N. 

H.,  and  Adjt.  75  U.  S.  C.  T. 
COOPER,  HENRY  T.     Co.  D;  b.  Pittsfield,  Mass. ;    age  21:    cred.  Goffstown;  enl.   Nov.  27, 

'63;  must,  in  Nov.  28,  '63;  des.  July  7,  '64,  White  House,  Va. 
COOPER,  JOHN  D.,  Jr.     Co.  B;   b.  Mendon,  Mass.;  age  33;  res.  Concord;  enl.  May  13,  '61; 

must,  in  June  1,  '61,  as  Corp.;   app.  Sergt.  Sept.  1,  '61;   1  Sergt.  Nov.,  '61;  2  Lt.  July  11, 

'62;   1  Lt.  Co.  H,  Aug.  1,  '62;  wd.  severely  Aug.  29,  '62,  Bull  Run,  Va.;  app.  Adjt.  June 

18,  '63;    wd.  July  2,  '63,  Gettysburg,  Pa.;    app.  Maj.  June  21,  '64;   Lt.  Col.  March  1,  '65. 

Died  Oct.  30,  '65,  Baltimore,  Md. 
COPELAND,  DAVID  B.     Co.  G;  b.  Massachusetts;    age  23;    cred.  Deering;    enl.  Nov.   16, 

'63;    wd.  severely  June  3, '64,  Coldl  Harbor,  Va. ;    disch.  wds.  May  31, '65,  Manchester. 

P.O.  ad.  Woburn.Mass. 
CORBET,  ANDREW.     Co.  H;    b.  Ireland;    age  26;    res.  Mason;    enl.  May  9,   '61;    must,  in 

June  5,  '61;  des.  May  5,  '63,  Concord. 
CORBETT,  MICHAEL.     Co.  B;  substitute;    b.   Ireland;    age  20.     Transf.  from  13,  N.  H., 

June  21,  '65;  app.  Corp.  July  1,  '65;  reduced  to  ranks  Nov.  17,  '65;    must,   out  Dec.   19, 

CORCORAN,  MICHAEL.     Co.  G;  b.  Ireland;  age  24;  cred.  Manchester;    enl.  Dec.  1,  '63; 

wd.  June  3,  '64,  Cold  Harbor,  Va. ;  app.  Corp.  Sept.  1,  '64;  reduced  to  ranks  April  6,  '65; 

must,  out  Dec.  19,  '65. 
COREY,  AMOS  L.     Co.  D;  b.  Fitzwilliam;  age  24;  res.  Marlborough;  enl.  Sept.  9,  '61;  must. 

in  Sept.   17,  '61;    wd.   May  5,  '62,  Williamsburg,  Va. ;  disch.  disab.  Feb.  2, '63,  Philadel- 
phia, Pa.     P.  O.  ad.  Swanzey. 
CORLISS,  CHARLES  F.     Co.  F;    b.  Meredith;    age  19;   res.  Meredith ,    enl.  April  22, '61,  for 

3  mos. ;  not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  22, '61,  for  3  yrs. ;    must,  in  June  4, '61.     Died  disease 

July  27,  '61,  Washington,  D.  C. 
CORLISS,  JOSEPH  G.     Co.  F;  b.  Meredith;    age  18;    res.  Meredith;    enl.  April  22, '61,  for  3 

mos. ;  not  must,  in;    re-enl.   May  22,   '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  4, '61 :    wd.  Aug.  29, 

'62,  Bull  Run,  Va.     Died  dis.  March  4,  '63,  Concord. 
CORLISS,  LEONARD  B.     Co.  I;  b.  Vermont ;•  age   19;    res.  Manchester;    enl.  April  22, '61, 

for  3  mos.;  not  must,  in;    re-enl.  May  22,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;    must,  in  June  7,  '61;    transf.  to 

2  Cav.  U.  S.  A.,  Oct.  27,  '62;  disch.  April  5,  '65,  Camp  Parole,  Annapolis,  Md. 
CORNELL,  WILLIAM.     Co.  F;  b.  Long  Island,  N.  Y.;  age  18;  cred.  Nashua;  enl.  Nov.  30, 

'63.     Died  dis.  Oct.  24,  '64,  White  Hall,  Pa. 
CORNER.     See  Korner. 
CORSER,  HAMILTON  P.     Co.  B;  b.  Boscawen:    age  22;    res.  Webster:    enl.   May  11,  '61; 

must,  in  June  1,  '61;  disch.  disab.  Aug.  19,  '61,  Washington,  D.  C.     Subsequent  service, 

Corp.  Co.  H,  14  N.  H.     Died  Oct.  8,  '81,  Webster. 
CORSON,  MONROE  J.   Co.  D;  b.  Milton;  age  22;   res.  Milton;  enl.  April  30,  '61,  for  3  mos.; 

not  must,  in;  re-enl.  May  10,  '61,  for  3  yrs.;  must,  in  June  1,  '61;  disch.  disab.  April  22, 

'62.     Died  Jan.  27, '64,  Milton. 
COSGROVE,  BERNARD.     Co.  C;  substitute;  b.  Ireland;  age  23;  cred.  Seabrook;  enl.  Oct. 

15,  '64;  disch.  May  29,  '65,  Camp  Lee,  Va. 
COSTELLO,  JOHN.     Co.  E;  b.  Canada;  ag